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汽车专业英语课后词汇单词(附音标)


汽车专业英语 主编:李 崑 课后专业词汇汇总(带音标) 一 automobile ['?:t?m?ubi:l, ,?:t?m?'bi:l]汽车(美) assembly line [?'sembli] [la?n]装配线 petroleum refining [p?'tr??l??m] [r?'fa?n??]石油提炼 body and fr

ame [frem]车身与车架 engine ['end?in] 发动机、引擎 drive line 传动链 drive train[tre?n]传动系统 running gear [ɡ??(r)]行驶装置 suspension[s?'spen??n] 悬架系统 unitized body ['ju:nitaizd]整体式车身 gasoline engine ['ɡ?s?li:n]汽油机 diesel engine ['di:z?l]柴油机 gas turbine ['t?:bain]燃气轮机 battery ['b?t?ri]电池、电池组 fuel cell [?fju?l] [s?l]燃料电池 hybrid power ['haibrid][pau?]混合动力系统 piston ['pist?n]活塞 rotary engine ['r?ut?ri]转子发动机 vehicle [?vi??k(?)l]车辆 transmission [tr?ns?m???n]变速器 drive shaft [?ɑ:ft] 传动轴 differential [,dif?'ren??l]差速器 rear axle [r??(r)] ['?ks?l]后轴、后桥 rear-wheel drive ['r??rw'i:l]后轮驱动 front-wheel drive 前轮驱动 braking system 制动系统 wheel [wi:l]车轮 tire [ta?r] 轮胎 steering [?st?r??] system 转向系统 spring [spri?]弹簧 shock absorber [??k] [?b's?:b?]减震器 Macpherson strut [m?k'f?:sn] [str?t]麦弗逊(悬架) torsion bar ['t?:??n]扭力杆 strut rod [rɑd]支撑杆 stabilizer bar ['steib?laiz?]横向稳定杆

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fuel [?fju?l]燃料 external combustion engine [ik'st?:n?l]外燃机 steam engine [sti:m]蒸汽机 intermittent combustion engine[,int?'mit?nt]间隔燃 烧式发动机 continuous combustion engine [k?n'tinju?s]连续燃 烧式发动机 turbine engine ['t?:bain]涡轮发动机 rocket engine ['r?kit]火箭发动机 jet (or reaction [r?'?k?n]) engine 喷气式发动机 Wankel engine 汪克尔发动机、转子发动机 stroke [str?uk]冲程、行程 cooling system ['ku:l??]冷却系统 fuel system 燃料系统 ignition system [iɡ'ni??n]点火系统 spark-ignition engine 火花点燃式发动机 compression-ignition engine 压燃式发动机 liquid-cooled [?l?kw?d] [ku:ld]液体冷却的、水冷的 air-cooled 用空气冷却的、风冷的

三 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? cylinder block [?silind? bl?k]气缸体 cylinder ['silind?]气缸 connecting rod [k?'nekt??]连杆 crankshaft['kr??k,?ɑ:ft]曲轴 cylinder head 气缸盖 combustion chamber[k?m'b?st??n] ['t?eimb?]燃烧室 valve[v?lv]气门、阀门 camshaft['k?m?ɑ:ft]凸轮轴 flywheel ['flaiwi:l]飞轮 intake manifold 进气歧管 exhaust manifold ['m?nif?uld]排气歧管 carburetor [,kɑ:bju'ret?, 'kɑ:-]化油器 fuel injector 燃料喷射器 cast iron ['ai?n]铸铁 aluminum [?'lju:min?m]铝 cooling fluid 冷却液 spark plug [pl?ɡ]火花塞 intake valve 进气门 exhaust valve[iɡ'z?:st]排气门 cam [k?m] 凸轮 gear 齿轮 belt 皮带
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二 ? internal combustion engine [in't?:n?l] [k?m'b?st??n] ['end?in]内燃机

? chain [t?e?n] 链条 ? overhead camshaft (OHC) 凸轮轴上置式 ? rpm=revolutions per minute [?rev??lu:??nz 转速、转 数/分钟 ? horsepower ['h?:s,pau?]马力、功率 ? intake system 进气系统 ? sensor ['sens?, -s?:]传感器 ? oxygen sensor ['?ksid??n]氧传感器 ? fuel induction system[in'd?k??n]燃料吸入系统 四 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? fuel tank [?fju?l] [t??k] 燃料箱、油箱 fuel line [la?n]燃料管路 fuel pump [p?mp]燃料泵、燃油泵 fuel filter ['f?lt?(r)]燃料滤清器 PCM (power train control module [?mɑd?ul]) 动力 系统控制模块(计算机) fuel injection system 燃料喷射系统 distributor [di'stribjut?]分电器 ignition module [?ɡ?n???n] ['m?dju:l, -d?u:l]点火模 块、点火控制器 ignition coil [k??l] 点火线圈 ignition wire [wa?r] 点火线路 charging system [?t?ɑ:d?i?]充电系统 ignition switch[sw?t?]点火开关 solenoid ['s?ul??n?id]电磁线圈 starter motor 起动电动机 alternator [??lt??net?, ??l-]交流发电机 direct-current generator [d??r?kt ?k?r?nt ?d??n??re t?] 直流发电机 voltage regulator['v?ultid?] ['reɡjuleit?]电压调节器、 稳压器 lubrication system [,lu:bri'kei??n]润滑系统 oil pump 机油泵 oil filter [?f?lt?]机油滤清器 oil cooler [?kul?]机油冷却器 antifreeze ['?ntifri:z]防冻剂、防冻液 coolant pump ['ku:l?nt]冷却液泵 thermostat ['θ?:m?ust?t]节温器 thermometer [θ??mɑm?t?] 温度计 radiator['reidieit?]散热器、水箱 clutch [kl?t?]离合器 radiator overflow tank 散热器溢流箱、膨胀水箱 air intake ducting 进气管

? air filter 空气滤清器 ? manifold ['m?n?f??ld] air pressure [?pr???] sensor 进气歧管压力传感器 ? turbocharger ['t?:b?u,t?ɑ:d??]涡轮增压器 ? muffler ['m?fl?] 消声器、消音器 ? catalytic converter [k?t?'litik] [k?n'v?:t?]催化转化 器 ? exhaust pipe [?ɡ?z?st][pa?p]排气管 ? pollution control system[p?:'lju:??n] [k?n?trol]排放 控制系统 ? carbon monoxide (CO) ['kɑ:b?n] [m?'n?ksaid, m?-] 一氧化碳 ? nitrogen oxide (NOx) ['naitr?d??n] ['?ksaid]氮氧化 物 ? hydrocarbons (HC) [ha?dr?'kɑ:b?nz] 碳氢化合物 ? carbon canister ['k?nist?]碳罐 ? EGR ( exhaust gas recirculator [r?'s?:kj?le?t?]) 废气 再循环 circulator ['s?:kj??le?t?] 循环器 ? PCV ( positive [?pɑz?t?v] crankcase ventilation) [,venti'lei??n]强制曲轴箱通风 ? diverter valve [dai'v?:t?] [v?lv]分流阀 ? vapor-liquid separator ['veip?] ['likwid] ['sep?reit?] 气液分离器 ? vacuum modulator ['v?kju?m] ['m?djuleit?, -d?u-]真 空调节器 五 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? timing['taimi?]正时、定时 air-fuel ratio ['rei?i?u, -??u]空燃比 stoichiometric ratio [,st?iki?'metrik]理论空燃比 mixture ['mikst??]混合物、混合气 TDC (top dead center)上止点 BDC (bottom dead center) 下止点 bore [b?:]气缸直径、孔径 crankpin ['kr??k,pin]连杆轴颈、曲柄销 crank throw [θr?u]曲柄半径 displacement [dis'pleism?nt]排量 compression ratio [k?m'pre??n]压缩比 four-stroke engine 四行程发动机、四冲程发动机 intake stroke [str?uk] 进气行程 compression stroke 压缩行程 power stroke 做功行程 exhaust stroke 排气行程 preignition[,pri:iɡ'ni??n]提前点火
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? valve overlap[,?uv?'l?p, '?uv?l?p]气门重叠 六 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? two-stroke engine 二行程发动机、二冲程发动机 truck [tr?k]货车、卡车 bus 公共汽车 Mercedes Benz [m?'sidi:z] [benz] 梅赛德斯-奔驰 pickup truck 敞篷小型载货卡车、皮卡 camper['k?mp?]露营车、野营车 travel [?tr?vl] trailer ['treil?]旅行拖车、旅行挂车 compression-ignition engine 压燃式发动机 spark-ignition engine 点燃式发动机 high-pressure [?pr???] injection [?n?d??k??n] 高压喷射 low-pressure injection 低压喷射 injector [in'd?ekt?]喷油器、喷嘴 psi 磅/平方英寸(英制压强单位) photochemical smog [,f?ut?u'kemik?l] [sm?ɡ, sm?:ɡ] 光化学烟雾 outboard motor ['autb?:d] ['m?ut?]舷外发动机 snowmobile ['sn?um?ubi:l]摩托雪橇、雪地机动车 chain saw [t?ein] [s?:]链锯、电锯 reed valve[ri:d] [v?lv]簧片阀 lubricant ['lu:brik?nt]润滑剂、润滑油 scavenging ['sk?vind?i?]扫气 General Motors ['d?en?r?l] ['m?ut?z]通用汽车 blower ['bl?u?]扫气泵 rotor ['r?ut?]转子 coal-fired [k??l] 燃煤的、烧煤的 nuclear-powered ['nju:kli?'pau?d]核动力的 drivability[,draiv?'bil?ti]动力性、驱动性能 generator['d?en?reit?]发电机 transaxle [tr?ns'?ksl]变速差速器、 联合传动器 (前 驱车) electronic controller [,ilek'tr?nik] [k?n'tr?ul?]电子控 制器 downshift ['daun?ift]调低速挡、降挡 manual transmission['m?nju?l] [tr?ns?m??n]手动变 速器 hydrogen ['haidr?d??n]氢 carbon dioxide [da??ɑksa?d] 二氧化碳 oxygen ['?ksid??n]氧 methanol['meθ?n?l]甲醇 spacecraft['speiskrɑ:ft, -kr?ft]航天器、宇宙飞船 anode ['?n?ud]阳极、正极

? cathode ['k?θ?ud]阴极、负极 七 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? crankcase ['kr??k,keis]曲轴箱 oil pan [?il p?n] 油底壳 water jacket [‘w?:t? ’d??kit] 水套 cylinder sleeve [‘silind? sli:v] 气缸套 dry sleeve [drai sli:v] 干缸套 wet sleeve [wet sli:v] 湿缸套 warpage [‘w?:peid?] 变形 liner [‘lain?] 衬套 衬垫 bearing [?be?r??] 轴承 harmonic balancer [hɑ:‘m?nik ’b?l?ns?] 谐振平衡 器 vibration damper [vai'brei??n 'd?mp?]扭转减震器、 timing gear [‘taimi? ɡi?] 正时齿轮 connecting rod journal [k?'nekti? r?d 'd??:n?l ] 连杆轴颈 main (bearing) journal [mein ‘bε ?ri? ’d??:n?l ] 主轴颈 counterweight [‘kaunt?,weit] 平衡重 thrust surface [θ r?st ‘s?:fis ] 推力面 drive flange [draiv fl?nd?] 传动法兰盘 凸缘 fillet [‘filit] 圆角 nose [n?uz] (曲轴)前端 pulley [‘puli] 皮带轮 air conditioning [er] [k?n‘di? ?ni?] 空调 bearing cap [?be?r??] [k?p] 轴承盖 copper [‘k?p?] 铜 lead [li:d] 铅 Babbitt [‘b?bit] 巴氏合金 tin [tin] 锡 bearing clearance [‘be?ri? ’kli?r?ns] 轴承间隙 thrust bearing [θ r?st ‘be?ri? ] 推力轴承 止推轴 承 thrust washer [θ r?st ‘w???] 推力垫圈 止推垫圈 piston ring [‘pist?n ri? ] 活塞环 compression ring [k?m‘pre??n ri? ] 气环 oil control ring [?il k?n‘tr?ul ri?] 油环 piston pin [‘pist?n pin ] 活塞销 wrist pin [rist pin] 活塞销 lock ring [l?k ri? ] 锁环 piston land [‘pist?n l?nd] 活塞顶部 heat dam [hi:t d?m ] 绝热槽
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piston head [‘pist?n hed] 活塞头部 piston skirt [‘pist?n sk?:t] 活塞裙部 ring groove [ri? ɡru:v] 活塞环槽 piston pin bushing [‘pist?n pin ’bu?i? ] 活塞销衬 套 ring end gap [ri? end ɡ?p ] 活塞环开口间隙 ductile iron [‘d?ktail ’ai?n ] 球墨铸铁 chromium [‘kr?umj?m] 铬 molybdenum [m?‘libdin?m] 钼 torsional ring [‘t?:??n?l ri?] 扭曲环 chrome-plated [kr?um ‘pleitid ] 镀铬的 rod cap [r?d k?p] 连杆盖 bearing insert [‘bε ?ri? in’s?:t ] 轴承衬套 八

? oil pressure regulator [?il] ['pre? ?] [,reɡju'leit?]机油 压力调节器 ? main oil gallery [mein] [?il] ['ɡ?l?ri] 主油道 ? oil screen [?il] [skri:n] 滤油网、机油滤网 ? oil pressure sensor [?il] ['pre? ?] ['sens?, -s?:] 机油压 力传感器 ? dashboard ['d?? b?:d] 仪表板 ? sump [s?mp] 机油箱、油底壳、污水坑 ? baffle ['b?fl] 挡板 ? gear-type oil pump [ɡi?] [taip] [?il] [p?mp] 齿轮 油泵 ? rotor oil pump ['r?ut?] [?il] [p?mp] 转子油泵 ? pressure regulator valve ['pre? ?] ['reɡjuleit?] [v?lv] 压力调节阀、调压阀 十

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cross-flow head ['kr?s,fl?u] [hed]横流式气缸盖 coolant ['ku:l?nt]冷却液 head gasket [hed]['ɡ?skit]气缸垫 wedge-shaped combustion chamber ['wed ? ? eipt] [k?m'b?st??n] ['t?eimb?]楔形燃烧室 hemispherical combustion chamber [,hemi'sferik?l] [k?m'b?st??n] ['t?eimb?]半球形燃烧室 open combustion chamber ['?up?n] [k?m'b?st??n] ['t ?eimb?]统一式燃烧室、开式燃烧室 pre-combustion chamber [pri:, pr?] [k?m'b?st??n] ['t?eimb?]预燃式燃烧室 valve seat [v?lv] [si:t]气门座 vavle guide [v?lv] [ɡaid]气门导管 retainer [ri'tein?]弹簧座 vavle spring [v?lv] [spri?]气门弹簧 high-chrome steel [hai] [kr?um] [sti:l]高铬钢 stellite ['stelait]钴铬钨硬质合金 keeper ['ki:p?]锁紧装置 valve stem [v?lv] [stem]气门杆 lifter ['lift?] (tappet)['t?pit]挺柱 pushrod [pu? r?d ]推杆 rocker arm ['r?k? ɑ:m ]摇臂 valve train clearance [v?lv] [trein] ['kli?r?ns]气门间 隙 variable valve timing ['vε ?ri?bl] [v?lv] ['taimi?]可 变气门正时 九

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water pump [‘w?:t?] [p?mp] 冷却水泵 pressure cap ['pre? ?] [k?p]压力水箱盖 fan [f?n] 冷却风扇 temperature indicator['temp?rit? ?] ['indikeit?]温度指 示器 air-cooled system ['ε ?ku:ld] ['sist?m]风冷系统 liquid-cooled system ['likwidku:ld] ['sist?m]水冷系 统 transmission cooler [tr?nz'mi? ?n] ['ku:l?]自动变速 箱油冷却器 expansion tank [ik'sp?n? ?n] [t??k]膨胀水箱 housing [hauzi?] 外壳 impeller [im'pel?] 叶轮、转子 hub [h?b] 轮毂 pulley ['puli] 皮带轮 closed cooling system [kl?uzd] [ku:li?] ['sist?m] 闭 式冷却系统 十一

? electronic carburator [,ilek'tr?nik] ['kɑ:b?,reit?]电控 化油器 ? fuel vapor line ['fju?l] ['veip?] [lain]燃油蒸汽管 ? fuel injector pump ['fju?l] [in'd?ekt?] [p?mp]喷油泵 ? nozzle ['n?zl]喷嘴、管嘴 ? plastic ['pl?stik]塑料 ? fuel cap ['fju?l] [k?p]油箱盖 ? filler neck ['fil?] [nek]油箱填充口颈
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? fuel metering unit ['fju?l] [mi:t?i? ] ['ju:nit]油量计 量装置 ? Mechanical fuel pump [mi'k?nik?l] ['fju?l] [p?mp] 机械燃油泵 ? electrical fuel pump[,ilek'tr?nik] ['fju?l] [p?mp]电动 燃油泵 ? fuel pressure regulator ['fju?l] ['pre? ?] ['reɡjuleit?]燃 油压力调节器 ? injector fuel rail [in'd?ekt?] ['fju?l] [reil]燃油分配 管、燃油轨 ? direct injection system[di'rekt] [in'd?ek? ?n] ['sist?m] 直接喷射式燃料系统 ? indirect injection system [,indi'rekt] [in'd ?ek ? ? n] ['sist?m]非直喷式燃料系统 ? port fuel injection(PFI) [p?:t] ['fju?l] [in'd?ek? ?n] 进气道燃油喷射 ? throttle body injection(TBI) ['θ r?tl] ['b?di] [in'd?ek? ?n] 气门体燃油喷射 ? multiple-point (port) fuel injection ['m?ltipl] [p?int] ['fju?l] [in'd?ek? ?n] 多点燃油喷射 ? single-point (throrrle body) fuel injection ['si?ɡl] [p? int] ['fju?l] [in'd?ek? ?n] 单点燃油喷射 ? continuous injection [k?n'tinju?s] [in'd?ek? ?n] 连续 喷射 十二 ? dry-type air filter [drai] [taip] [ε ?] [filt?]干式空气 滤清器 ? exhaust pipe [iɡ'z?:st] [paip] 排气管 ? undercarriage['?nd?,k?rid?] 底盘、下部结构 ? fiberglass ['faib?ɡlɑ:s]玻璃纤维 ? glass pack muffler [ɡlɑ:s] [p?k] ['m?fl?]玻璃纤维消 声器 ? supercharging system ['sju:p?,t? ɑ:d?i?] ['sist?m]进气 增压系统 ? turbocharger ['t?:b?u,t? ɑ:d??]涡轮增压

? secondary circuit ['sek?nd?ri] ['s?:kit]次级回路(高 压回路) ? ballast resistor['b?l?st] [ri'zist?]附件电阻、 稳流电阻 ? crank [kr??k]起动、摇转 ? primary winding[‘praim?ri] [’waindi?]初级线圈、 一 次绕组 ? breaker['breik?]断电器 ? secondary winding ['sek?nd?ri] ['waindi?] 次 级 线 圈、二次绕组 ? condenser [k?n'dens?]电容器 ? arc [ɑ:k]电弧 ? distributor cap [di'stribjut?] [k?p]分电器盖 ? coil tower [k?il] ['tau?]点火线圈顶端接头 ? surge [s?:d?]电涌振荡 ? distributor shaft [di'stribjut?] [? ɑ:ft, ? ?ft]分电器轴 ? firing order [‘fai?ri?] [’?:d?]点火顺序 ? electronic ignition system [,ilek'tr ?nik] [i ɡ 'ni ? ?n] ['sist?m]电子点火系统 ? semiconductor [,semik?n'd?kt?]半导体 ? electronic spark timing(EST) [,ilek'tr ?nik] [sp ɑ :k] ['taimi?]电子点火正时 ? ignition control(IC) [iɡ'ni? ?n] [k?n'tr?ul]点火控制 ? HEI(Hight Energy Ignition)module [hait] ['en?d?i] [i ɡ'ni? ?n] ['m?dju:l]高能点火模块 ? computer-controlled coil ignition C3I system [k?m'pju:t?] [k?n'tr?uld] [iɡ'ni? ?n] ['sist?m]微机控制 线圈点火系统 ? electronic ignition(EI) [,ilek'tr?nik] [iɡ'ni? ?n]电子点 火 ? distributorless ignition system [di'stribjut?lis] [iɡ'ni ? ?n] ['sist?m]无分电器点火系统 ? ignition(coil)module [iɡ'ni? ?n] [k?il] ['m?dju:l]点火 控制模块 ? direct ignition system [di'rekt] [iɡ'ni? ?n] ['sist?m]直 接点火系统 ? cableless EI system ['keiblis] ['sist?m]无高压线电子 点火系统 十四

十三 ? conventional ignition system[k?n'ven? ?n?l] [iɡ'ni? ?n] ['sist?m]传统点火系统 ? primary circuit ['praim?ri] ['s?:kit] 初级回路 (低压 回路) ? storage battery ['st?rid?] ['b?t?ri]蓄电池 ? stator ['steit?]定子 ? slip-ring and brush assembly [slip] [ri?] [?nd] [br?? ] [?'sembli]滑动环和碳刷组件 ? starter ['stɑ:t?]起动机
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? clutch mechanism [kl?t? ] ['mek?niz?m]离合机构 ? armature ['ɑ:m?,tju?, -t? ?]电枢、转子 ? commutator ['k?mjuteit?]换向器 十五 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? greenhouse gas ['ɡri:nhaus] [ɡ?s]温室气体 sulfur dioxide(SO2) 二氧化硫 sulfuric acid[s?l'fju?rik] ['?sid] 硫酸 acid rain ['?sid] [rein]酸雨 particulate [p?'tikjulit]微粒 PCV valve 强制曲轴箱通风阀 evaporative emission control[i'v?p?reitiv] [i'mi? ?n] [k?n'tr?ul] 燃油蒸发排放控制 heated air intake system ['hi:tid] [ ε ?] ['inteik] ['sist?m] 进气预热系统 EGR valve 废气再循环阀 catalyst['k?t?list]催化剂、触媒 two-way catalytic converter ['tu:'wei] [k?t?'litik] [k?n'v?:t?]二元催化转化器 three-way catalytic converter ['θ ri:'wei] [k?t?'litik] [k?n'v?:t?]三元催化转化器 platinum ['pl?tin?m] 铂、白金 palladium [p?'leidi?m] 钯 catalyst bed ['k?t?list] [bed]催化剂床、催化剂基座 rhodium ['r?udi?m] 铑 carbon dioxide(CO2) ['kɑ:b?n] [dai'?ksaid]二氧化碳 nitrogen(N) ['naitr?d??n]氮 十六 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? transducer [tr?nz'dju:s?] 传感器、变换器、换能器 feedback ['fi:db?k] 反馈、反馈信息 zirconia ['z?:k?ni?]氧化锆 coolant sensor ['ku:l?nt] ['sens? ]冷却液(温度)传 感器 thermistor [θ ?:'mist?, 'θ ?:m-]热敏电阻 air charge temperature (ATC) sensor [ε ?] [t? ɑ:d?] ['temp?rit? ?] ['sens?, ]进气温度传感器 intake air temperature (ITA) sensor ['inteik] [ε ?] ['temp?rit? ?] ['sens? ]进气温度传感器 throttle position sensor (TPS) [' θ r ?tl] [p?'zi ? ?n] ['sens?]节气阀位置传感器 potentiometer [p?u,ten? i'?mit?] 电位计、电势计 manifold absolute pressure(MAP) sensor

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

['m?nif?uld] ['?bs?lju:t, ?bs?'lju:t] ['sens? ]进气歧 管绝对压力传感器 capacitor [k?'p?sit?]电容器 silicon ['silik?n]硅 mass airflow (MAF) indicator [m?s] [' ε ?fl?u] ['indikeit?] 空气流量传感器 vane-type MAF sensor [vein] [taip] ['sens? ]叶片式 空气流量传感器 heated resistor MAF sensor ['hi:tid] [ri'zist?] ['sens? ] 加热电阻式空气流量传感器 hot wire-type MAF sensor [h?t] ['wai?] ['sens? ]热线 式空气流量传感器 knock sensor (detonation sensor) [n?k] ['sens? ]爆 ([,det?'nei? ?n] ['sens? ])震传感器 piezoelectric sensing element [pi:,eiz?ui'lektrik, pai,i:-] ['sensi?] ['elim?nt]压电传感元件 vehicle speed sensor ['vi:ikl, 有时发'vi:hi-] [spi:d] ['sens? ]车辆速度传感器 crankshaft position sensor ['kr??k, ? ɑ :ft] [p?'zi ? ?n] ['sens? ]曲轴位置传感器 variable reluctance sensor ['v ε ?ri?bl] [ri'l ?kt?ns] ['sens? ]磁感应式传感器、可变磁阻传感器 Hall-effect sensor [h?:l] [i'fekt] ['sens? ]霍尔效应传 感器 camshaft position (CKP) sensor ['k?m? ɑ:ft] [p?'zi? ?n] ['sens? ] 凸轮轴位置传感器 EGR valve position (EVP) sensor [v?lv] [p?'zi? ?n] [‘sens? ] EGR 阀位置传感器 park/neutral switch [pɑ:k] ['nju:tr?l] [swit? ] 停车/空 档开关 A/C switch [swit? ] 空调开关 actuator ['?ktjueit?] 执行器 relay ['ri:lei, ri'lei] 继电器

十七 ? driving wheel ['draivi?] [hwi:l]驱动车轮 ? pressure plate ['pre? ?] [pleit] 压盘 ? griven plate or friction disc ['frik? ?n] [disk]从动盘、 摩擦盘 ? clutch release bearing [kl?t? ] [ri'li:s] ['bε ?ri?]分离 轴承 ? clutch fork [kl?t? ] [f?:k]离合器拨叉、分离叉 ? clutch housing [kl?t? ] [haus, hauzi?]离合器壳
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? diaphragm spring ['dai?fr?m] [spri?]膜片弹簧 ? double (dual) plate clutch ['d?bl] (['dju:?l]) [pleit] [kl ?t? ]双片式离合器 ? ball-thrust bearing [b?:l] [θ r?st] ['bε ?ri?]推力球轴 承 ? clutch linkage [kl?t? ] ['li?kid?]离合器踏板 ? master cylinder ['mɑ:st?, 'm?st?] ['silind?]主缸、主 油缸 ? slave cylinder [sleiv] ['silind?]工作油缸、从动缸 ? ring gear [ri?] [ɡi?]环形齿轮、齿圈 ? double (dual) plate clutch ['d?bl] (['dju:?l]) [pleit] [kl ?t? ]双片式离合器 ? ball-thrust bearing [b?:l] [θ r?st] ['bε ?ri?]推力球轴 承 ? clutch linkage [kl?t? ] ['li?kid?]离合器踏板 ? master cylinder ['mɑ:st?, 'm?st?] ['silind?]主缸、主 油缸 ? slave cylinder [sleiv] ['silind?]工作油缸、从动缸 ? ring gear [ri?] [ɡi?]环形齿轮、齿圈

? ring gear [ri?] [ɡi?]环形齿轮、齿圈 ? planet gears (pinion gears) ['pl?nit] [ɡi?] (['pinj?n] [ɡi?] )行星齿轮 ? planet gear carrier ['pl?nit] [ɡi?] ['k?ri?]行星齿轮 架 ? servo piston ['s?:v?u] ['pist?n]伺服活塞 ? overrunning clutch ['?uv?'r?ni?] [kl?t? ]单向离合器 ? valve body 阀体 ? continuously variable transmission (CVT) [k?n'tinju?sli] ['vε ?ri?bl] [tr?nz'mi? ?n]无级变速器

二十 ? universal joint (U-joint) [,ju:ni'v?:s?l] [d??int]万向 节 ? cross and bearing type cardan universal joint (four-point joint) [kr?:s] [?nd] ['bε ?ri?] [taip] ['k ɑ:d?n] [,ju:ni'v?:s?l] [d??int]十字轴万向节 ? yoke [j?uk]万向节叉 ? needle-type bearing['ni:dl] [taip] ['bε ?ri?]滚针轴承 ? slip joint [slip] [d??int]伸缩接头、滑动接头 ? center bearing ['sent?] ['bε ?ri?] 中间支撑、 中间轴 承 ? constant velocity (CV) joint ['k?nst?nt] [vi'l?s?ti] [d? ?int]等速万向节 ? ball-style CV joints [b?:l] [stail] [si:] [vi:] [d??ints]球 笼式万向节 ? tripod-type CV joint['traip?d] [taip] [si:] [vi:] [d??int] 三叉式万向节

十八 ? ? ? ? ? ? neutral ['nju:tr?l]空档 front–wheel drive vehicle 前轮驱动汽车 final drive 主减速器 synchronizer ['si?kr?naiz?, 'sin-]同步器 sliding sleeve 滑动套筒 shifting fork 换档拨叉

十九 二十一 ? automatic transmission [, ?:t?'m?tik] [tr?nz'mi ? ?n, tr?ns-, trɑ:n-]自动变速器 ? torque converter [t?:k] [k?n'v?:t?]液力变矩器 ? planetary gear ['pl?nit?ri] [ɡi?]行星齿轮系统 ? clutch [kl?t? ]离合器(自动变速箱中) ? band [b?nd]制动器、制动带 ? pump (impeller) [p?mp]([im'pel?] )泵轮 ? turbine ['t?:bain, -bin] 涡轮 ? guide wheel or stator[ɡaid] [hwi:l] (['steit?])导轮 ? ATF (automatic transmission fluid) [, ?:t?'m?tik] [tr?nz'mi? ?n] ['flu(:)id]自动变速箱油 ? sun gear [s?n] [ɡi?]中心齿轮、恒星齿轮、太阳轮 ? four-wheel drive (4WD) system 四轮驱动系统 ? all-wheel drive (AWD) system 全轮驱动系统 ? sport utility vehicle [sp?:t] [ju:'til?ti] ['vi:ikl]运动型 多功能车 ? station wagon['stei??n] ['w?ɡ?n]旅行车 ? van [v?n] (有蓬的)货车 ? passenger car ['p?sind??] [kɑ:]乘用车、客车 ? transfer case[tr?ns'f?:] [keis]分动器 ? center differential['sent?] [ .dif?'ren??l ]中央差速 器、桥间差速器 ? full-time 4WD system 全时四轮驱动系统
-7-

? part-time 4WD system 分时四轮驱动系统 ? limited slip differential ['limitid] [slip] [,dif?'ren??l] 防滑差速器

二十二 ? front suspension [fr?nt] [s?'spen??n]前悬架 ? independent suspension [,indi'pend?nt] [s?'spen??n] 独立悬架 ? ball joint [b?:l] [d??int]球形接头 ? coil spring [k?il] [spri?]螺旋弹簧 ? steering knuckle ['sti?ri?] ['n?kl]转向节 ? spindle ['spindl]转向节轴 ? torsion bar ['t?:??n] [bɑ:]稳定杆 ? rear suspension [ri?] [s?'spen??n]后悬架 ? leaf suspension [li:f] [s?'spen??n]钢板弹簧 ? semi-grooved shock absorber['sem(a)i-] [ɡru:vd] [?? k] [?b's?:b?]半椭圆形弹簧 ? spring shackle [spri?] ['??kl]钢板弹簧吊耳 ? stabilizer bar ['steibilaiz?] [bɑ:]横向稳定杆 ? spiral-grooved shock absorber ['spai?r?l] [ɡru:vd] [? ?k] [?b's?:b?]螺旋槽式减震器 ? gas-filled shock absorber [ɡ?s] [fild] [??k] [?b's?:b?] 充气式减震器 ? air shock absorber [ε ?] [??k] [?b's?:b?]空气减震器 ? automatic level control system [,?:t?'m?tik] ['lev?l] [k?n'tr?ul] ['sist?m]高度自动控制系统 ? electronic suspension [,ilek'tr?nik] [s?'spen??n]电子 控制悬架 ? air suspension system [ε ?] [s?'spen??n] ['sist?m]空 气悬架总成 ? active suspension system ['?ktiv] [s?'spen ? ? n] ['sist?m]主动式悬架系统 ? MacPherson strut [m?kfers?n] [str?t]麦弗逊悬架 二十三 ? ? ? ? ? steering column ['sti?ri?] ['kɑl?m]转向柱 steering wheel['sti?ri?] [wi:l]方向盘 steering gear ['sti?ri?] [ɡi?]转向器 steering linkage['sti?ri?] ['li?kid?]转向传动装置 energy-absorbing (collapsible) steering column ['en?d?i] [?b's?:bi?] ([k?'l?ps?bl] )['sti?ri?] ['k? l?m]能量吸收式(折叠式)转向柱

? manual steering ['m?nju?l] ['sti?ri?]手动转向、 人力 转向 ? pitman arm (recirculating ball) steering gear ['pitm?n] [ɑ:m]([ri:'s?:kjuleiti?] [b?:l]) ['sti?ri?] [ɡi?]循环 球式转向器 ? rack-and-pinion steering gear [r?k] [?nd] ['pinj?n] ['sti?ri?] [ɡi?]齿轮齿条式转向器 ? caster ['kɑ:st?, 'k?s-]主销后倾角 ? camber ['k?mb?]车轮外倾角 ? toe [t?u]前轮前束 ? steering axis inclination ['sti?ri?] ['?ksis] [,inkli'nei? ?n]主销内倾角 ? turning radius ['t?:ni?] ['reidi?s]转弯半径 ? power steering [pau?] ['sti?ri?]动力转向 ? electronic power steering (EPS) system [,ilek'tr?nik] [pau?] ['sti?ri?] ['sist?m]电子动力转向系统 ? steering sensor ['sti?ri?] ['sens?]转向传感器 二十四 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? tube [tju:b, tu:b]内胎 tube-type tire [tju:b] [taip] ['tai?]有内胎轮胎 tubeless-type tire ['tju:blis] [taip] ['tai?]无内胎轮胎 tread [tred]胎面、胎冠 ply [plai]帘布层 carcass ['kɑ:k?s]胎体 bias tire ['bai?s] ['tai?]斜交轮胎 belted bias tire ['beltid] ['bai?s] ['tai?]带束斜交轮胎 belted radial tire['beltid] ['reidi?l] ['tai?]带束子午线 轮胎 tire valve ['tai?] [v?lv]轮胎气阀 rim [rim]轮辋 drop center wheel[hwi:l]凹槽式车轮 safety rim['seifti] [rim]安全式轮辋 disk wheel [disk] [hwi:l]盘形车轮、封闭式车轮 cast aluminum wheel[k ɑ :s, k?st] [?'lju:min?m] [hwi:l]铸铝车轮 wire wheel ['wai?] [hwi:l]辐条式车轮 magnesium [m?ɡ'ni:zi?m]镁

-8-


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