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【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语(人教版,十二省区)必修2练习:unit 4 Wild life protection section 2]


Unit 4
Ⅰ.语法单句填空 1.—Excuse me, what time is it now?

Section Ⅱ

—Sorry, my watch doesn't work. It________(repair) at the shop. 答案:is being repaired/is under repair

考查时态和语态。根据第一句中的 now 可知,问 的是此刻的情形,故手表正在店里被修,用现在进行时的被动态,相当于 be under+n. 。 2.—Are they about to have dinner? —Yes, it________(serve) in the dining room. 答案:is being served 由语境可知餐厅此刻正在供应早餐,即早餐正在被供应,所以应 用现在进行时的被动语态。 3.Can't you see your problem________(discuss)? Have some patience, please. 答案:is being discussed/is under discussion 根据 have some patience 可知问题没有讨论 完,且根据语境,动作是目前正在进行的,故用现在进行时的被动语态,相当于 be under +n. 。 4.You can't use the machine today because some parts________(replace) this week. 答案:are being replaced 句意:你今天不能使用这台机器,因为本周一些零件正在被 置换。parts 与 replace 之间为被动关系且动作是本周这一阶段正在进行的动作。 5.—Why have you come to work on foot today? —Well, my bike______(repair) and I hate taking a crowded bus. 答案:is being repaired/is under is being repaired repair 说明自行车正在被修,所以今天 步行上班。 6.Would you please give him this message the moment he________(arrive)? 答案: arrives the moment he arrives 用一般现在时表示将来, 意为“他一到达就……”。 arrive 为不及物动词,没有被动语态。 7.My sister wants to work in a tall building which is still________(build). 答案:being built 根据 still 可知大楼正在建设中,故用现在进行时的被动语态。 8.—Do you know what Lily is doing? —She may________(interview) in the office. 答案:be being interviewed 根据问句可知动作正在进行,她现在正在被采访。

9.It is said that pandas________(disappear) in our country year after year. 答案:are disappearing disappear 是不及物动词,不能用在被动结构中,根据 year after year 可知是目前存在的状况。 10.—By the way, have you moved into the new house?

—Not yet. The walls________(paint). 答案: are being painted 句意: ——顺便问一下, 你搬到新房子里去了吗?——还没有。 (新房的)墙正在被粉刷。由语境可知应用现在进行时的被动语态。 11.(2010· 上海改编)The church tower which ________(restore) will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. 答案:is being restored 根据语境 will be open to tourists soon 可知,the church tower 是 “正在被整修”,因此用现在进行时的被动语态。 12.Now new technology ________(use) to clear the polluted river. 答案:is in use/is being used 句意: 现在,新科技被用来清理那条被污染的河。 be in use =be being used,强调正在被用。 13.A plan about building a new attraction in this town ________(carry) out now. 答案:is being carried 句意:在这个镇建一个新的旅游景点的计划现在正在被执行。 由句中时间状语 now 可知,应选用现在进行时;由 plan 与动词词组 carry out 之间的关系可 知,此处用被动语态。 14. The new generation of computers, with artificial(人工的) intelligence, ________(develop) and perfected now. 答案: are being developed 句意: 新一代带有人工智能的计算机现在正在被开发和完善。 根据 now 可知,应该用现在进行时,又因 computers 与 develop 和 perfect 之间为动宾关系, 故用现在进行时的被动语态。 15 . (2014· 兰 州 高 一 检 测 )—Flight 221________(announce) . I'd better be on my way. Goodbye! —Bye. Happy landing! 答案:is being announced 句意:——正在播报 221 次航班的信息。我要走了。再见! ——再见!祝一切顺利!根据语境可知,此处表示此刻正在被进行的动作。 Ⅱ.完成句子 1.Let's go to have breakfast. It ______________ in the hall.(serve) 我们去吃早餐吧。在大堂里正供应早餐。 2.Since the roof ______________, they haven't moved back to 因为屋顶正在修理中,他们还没有搬回他们家。 3.If the rainforests ____________________ at such a rapid speed, from the earth in the future.(destroy) 如果雨林以这样快的速度被破坏,将来它们将会从地球上消失。 4.We haven't got our papers back,for they ________________.(check) 我们还没有拿回试卷,因为它们还在被批改中。 they will disappear their house. (repair)

5.Although the practical cure for cancer ________________, we have practical ways to prevent it. (study) 尽管治疗癌症的切实可行的方法仍在研究中,但是我们还是拥有实际可用的预防方法 的。 6.Don't interrupt. The policeman __________________ the suspect.(question) 不要插嘴。警察正在审问嫌疑犯。 7.Don't get too close to the scene of the car accident which ___________________ now. (examine) 不要太靠近车祸现场,现在正在检查现场。 8 . Since the plan while. (discussion) 既然这项计划仍在讨论中,工人们只好再等一段时间。 答案:1.is being served 2.is being repaired/is under repair 3. are being destroyed 7.is being examined Ⅲ.阅读理解 A Wildlife faces threats( 威 胁 )from habitat destruction, pollution, and other human actions. Although protecting wildlife may seem too hard at times, even small actions in your own neighborhood can help protect many different animals. Here are some tips on how to protect wildlife through small actions. 1.Create wildlife friendly areas in your backyard. When trying to make your garden more beautiful, you can choose plants that can provide food and shelter to native wildlife. This will also help cut down on pollution. And bird or bat houses to your yard or garden to attract and shelter these species. 2.Avoid harming the natural ecosystem(生态系统)in your area. Some plants from other places can kill or harm native plants that provide food and shelter for wildlife. 3.________________ By using less water and fewer fuels, you will be helping to protect the wildlife around you. Take buses or the subway when you can, turn off electric devices when you're not using them, take shorter showers, and keep your room temperature at or below 68 degrees during the winter. 4.Buy products that are wildlife friendly. Don't buy products that are made from endangered animals. Keep in mind that some 4. are being checked 5. is still being studied 6. is questioning __________________ , the workers will have to wait for a

8.is still under discussion

endangered animals are killed by traps, catches or hunters who are after other wildlife within the same habitat. 5.Donate money or time to organizations that protect wildlife and their habitats. You can give money to organizations or groups that protect wildlife species in your neighborhood. 1.We infer that the purpose of this passage is to________. A.tell us why protecting wildlife is extremely important now B.suggest that we protect wildlife through actions C.explain why protecting wildlife is not as hard as people think D.give us some tips on how to protect wildlife through small actions 答案:D 作者意图题。根据第一段的“Here are some tips on how to protect wildlife

through small actions.”可知文章的写作目的是给我们一些好的建议,告诉我们怎样通过小 的举动来保护野生生物。 2.Which of the following threats to wildlife is NOT mentioned in the passage? A.Animal diseases. C.Pollution. B.Loss of habitat. D.Hunters.

答案: A 细节理解题。 根据文章第一句话“Wildlife faces threats from habitat destruction, pollution...以及第四点的...some endangered animals are killed by traps, catches or...”可知作者 提到了 B、C、D 三项的内容,并没有提到动物疾病。 3.What's the best title for the third point? A.Have a greener lifestyle. C.Take a bus when you go out. B.Use less water and fewer fuels. D.Try a new kind of life.

答案:A 主旨大意题。作者通过具体的例子告诉了我们一些节约能源的方法,A 项意 为“过一种更加环保的生活”,可以概括这一点的内容,B、C 不全面,D 项太宽泛。 4.The writer suggests that we________. A.not buy products made from animals B.share cars with others when we go out C.grow as many kinds of plants in our gardens as possible D.provide shelters for birds and bats in our gardens or yards 答案:D 细节理解题。根据第一点的“And bird or bat houses to your yard or garden to attract and shelter these species.”可知 D 正确。 5.In which section of a newspaper would you most probably read this passage? A.Environment. C.Business. B.Teaching. D.Geography.

答案:A 推理判断题。文章是关于如何通过小的行为举动来保护野生生物的,与环境 息息相关,故选 A。 B Can we give a hand to those endangered animals? Yes, we may only do a little bit, but together our small actions add up to a lot. 1. Protect wildlife habitat Perhaps the greatest threat that faces many species is the widespread destruction of habitat. Cutting down forests, farming, and development all result in loss of wildlife habitat. In areas where rare species live, habitat destruction can quickly force a species to extinction. By protecting habitat, entire communities of animals can be protected together naturally. Parks and reserves are now all too often the only habitats that are left untouched by habitat destruction. 2. Reduce the threat of invasive (入侵的) species The spread of nonnative species has greatly reduced native populations around the world. Invasive species compete with native species for resources(资源)and habitat. They can even prey_on native species directly, forcing native species towards extinction. 3. Place decals (贴花纸)on windows It is reported that as many as one million birds in the United States die each year because of collisions (碰撞) with windows. You can help reduce the number of collisions simply by

placing decals on the windows in your home and office. 4. Slow down when driving Many native animals have to live in developed areas and this means they must move in humanliving areas. One of the biggest obstacles (障碍)to them is that created by roads. Roads divide habitat and present a constant risk to any animal attempting to cross from one side to the other. So when you drive out, slow down and keep an eye out for wildlife. 文章大意: 我们能为濒危动物做点什么?本文给出了很好的建议, 我们每个人都可以为 此伸出援手,尽自己的微薄之力。 6.What would be the best title for this passage? A.How Animals Go to Extinction B.The Importance of Protecting Wildlife C.What to Do to Help Save Wildlife D.How to Protect Wildlife Habitat 答案:C 主旨大意题。本文主要列举了人们怎样伸出援手去救助濒危动物,故 C 项最 能概括文章的大意,为最佳标题。

7.People are advised to put decals on windows to ________. A.decorate the houses and beautify the environment B.protect the windows from birdshitting C.attract more birds to make homes nearby D.avoid birds hitting the windows by mistake 答案:D 细节理解题。根据第三种措施的描述可知,在窗户上贴花纸是为了避免飞鸟 因误撞而丧命,故选 D。 8.The underlined phrase “prey on” in the passage means “________”. A.drive away C.kill for food B.live with D.fight with

答案:C 词义猜测题。根据上文的意思:入侵物种与当地的物种争夺资源和栖息地。 再结合该句的意思“它们甚至直接 prey on 当地的物种, 这样迫使当地的物种灭绝”可推知, 该短语的意思为“猎食,捕食”,故选 C。 9.We can learn from the passage that ________. A.the habitats of many species have been destroyed B.about one million birds are attacked by invasive species each year C.perhaps the biggest threat to many species is that they easily bumped by cars D.invasive species only compete for food with native species 答案:A 细节理解题。大概有一百万只鸟是死于误撞窗户,而不是外来物种的袭击, 故 B 项错误;很多物种的最大威胁是栖息地被破坏,故 C 项不对;入侵物种和本地物种竞 争的不仅仅是食物,还有栖息地和资源,故 D 项错误,A 项指出许多物种的栖息地被破坏 了,符合文章大意。故选 A。 Ⅳ.短文改错 (2014· 郑州市第一次质量预测) Recently I have been quarrelling about my mother over whether I can watch TV after the school. She holds the view that Senior Three students have to make fully use of every minute to work hard at their lesson.It seems to her that I am allowed to watch TV, I won't be able to control me and I'll forget all about my studies. She also thinks that it is bad to my eyes. But I really can't accept her ideas. In my opinion, watch TV can set my mind at rest after a day's hard work . Besides, it is important for me to know what had happened both at home and abroad. However, I shouldn't be forbidden to watch TV. 答案: Recently I have been quarrelling about my mother over whether I can watch TV after the with

school. She holds the view that Senior Three students have to make fully use of every minute to full work hard at their lesson . It seems to her that ∧ I am allowed to watch TV, I won't be lessons if/once able to control me and I'll forget all about my studies. She also thinks that it is bad to my myself for watch TV can set my mind at rest watching

eyes. But I really can't accept her ideas. In my opinion,

after a day's hard work. Besides, it is important for me to know what had happened both at has home and abroad. However , I shouldn't be forbidden to watch TV. Thus/Therefore/So


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