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Unit Four making the news Words


Unit 4 Making the News

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edit+or photo+graph delight+ed admire+able un+usual dead+line technic+al gift+ed house+wife appoint+ment

editor p

hotograph delighted admirable unusual deadline technical gifted housewife appointment
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assist submit eager update assess inform meanwhile case accuse guilty demand

帮助 assistant 递交 呈递 渴望的 热切的 更新 使现代化 评估 评定 告知 通知 其间 同时 情况 案例 病例 指责 谴责 控告 犯罪的 有罪的 共 102 页 需求 要求

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publish section thorough crime senior polish chief

出版 发行 部分 节 彻底的 详尽的 犯罪 罪行 年长的 高级的 擦光 磨光 润色 主要的,首领 长官

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profession colleague concentrate amateur acquire deliberately sceptical dilemma department accurate approve process

职业 专业 professional 同事 集中 聚集 业余爱好者 获得 取得 学到 故意地 怀疑的 困境 窘境 部门 处 系 精确的 正确的 赞成 认可 批准 共 102 页 加工 处理

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1.assist vt.帮助;协助(help) _____________n.助理;助手 assistant _____________n.帮助;援助 assistance

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assist sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 assist sb. in doing sth./to do sth.帮助某

人做某事
with the assistance of在……的帮助下

⑴ The ________ (assist) asked the boss for assistant ________ so that he could assist the workers assistance _____ improving the efficiency. in ⑵ Would you like to assist me_____my with

English?

(3)The students assisted the professor in _____________________ doing the experiment. 学生们协助教授做实验。 (4)We asked him to _____________ designing a new assist us in bridge. 我们请他帮助我们设计一座新桥。

2.concentrate vi. & vt. 全神贯注,集 中精力 concentration n. 专心;专注 concentrate(sth.) on(doing) sth. 把…集中于… concentrate one’s attention/efforts/thoughts on... 把注意力/努力/思想集中到…… concentrate on 全神贯注于

concentrate (1)We should ____________ all our
effort ______ improving education. on 我们应该致力于改进教育工作。 (2)He _______________ the study of concentrated on English. 他把重点放在英语学习上。

3. acquire vt. 获得;养成;学到(get,gain, obtain) acquire a(good)knowledge of得到……知识, 精通(have a good knowledge of…)

⑴ 我们逐步获得了做这工作的经验。 Gradually we__________________ in how to acquired experience do the work.

⑵ 我们应该努力养成良好的习惯。 We should try to_____________________. acquire good habits
⑶ 我们必须用功学习才能精通英语。 We must work hard to_________________ acquire a good _______________ English. knowledge of

4.inform vt.告知;通知 informed adj.了解情况的;见识广的 inform sb. of/about sth.告知某人某事

inform sb. (that)...通知某人 keep sb. informed 使某人随时了解最新情况
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⑴ 他把你的决定告诉了我。 He informed me____ your decision. of

⑵ 把我们的计划通知他,这事就交给你了。 I will leave it to you____________________ . to inform him of our plan
(3)Please ______ me fully ____________ any keep informed of developments. 事态如有发展,请向我提供详情。

归纳:结构类似的词组还有:
⑴________ sb.of sth.提醒某人某事 remind

⑵________sb.of sth.抢劫某人某物 rob
⑶________sb.of sth.治愈某人某病 cure ⑷________sb.of sth.警告某人某事 warn

⑸________sb.of sth.控告某人犯某罪 accuse

5.case n. 情况;病例;案例 in case of... 假使……,万一…… in case 以防,万一 in any case 无论如何,总之 in this/that case 如果这样/那样的话,在 这种/那种情况下 in no case 决不 as is often the case 这是常有的事
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(1)__________________ people have In some cases had to wait several weeks for an appointment. 在某些情况下,人们必须等上好几周才能得到约见。 (2)___________ will be heard next week. 此案下周审理。 The case (3)_____________ fire, call 119. In case of 万一发生火灾,就打119。 (4)You‘d better take the keys ____________ I’m out. 你最好带上钥匙,以防我不在家。 in case

In case it rains 5) ___________ (万一下雨的话), the sports meeting will be put off to next week. 6) In that case _________(假如那样的话), I have nothing to say. 7) I will come to help you _________ in any case (无论如何). 8) ________ (决不) are you to leave In no case your post.
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6. accuse vt.指责;谴责;控告

accuse sb.of sth.因……指责或控告某人 the accused被告

⑴ 他被指控受贿。 He was accused ____ taking bribes. of ⑵ 很多员工指责老板不守信用。 Many workers accuse the boss of having ________________ broken his words

7. demand n.需求;vt. 要求 强烈要求 demand to do要求做…… demand that sb.(should)do sth.要求某人 做某事 demand of sb.to do sth.要求某人做某事 in(great)demand 非常需要的 meet/satisfy one’s demands 满足某人的 要求

运用:用介词填空或用所给词的适当形式填 空。 ⑴ 他要求被告知一切事情。 He demanded___________ (tell) everything. to be told ⑵ 他要求我走之后关上大门。 He demanded____me ________ (shut) the of to shut door when I left.

⑶ 我要求他放学前打扫完教室。
I demand that he _______________ (should) finish (finish) cleaning the class before school.

(4)Medical workers are _________ in great demand in that area.

那个地方非常需要医疗工作者。
(5)It’s impossible to __________. satisfy everyone’s demands

满足每个人的需求是不可能的。

8. approve vt. 认可;批准 approve of 赞成,赞许,同意 approve of sb.’s doing sth. 同意某人做 某事 说明:指正式批准或接受某个计划、请 求或建议等时,是及物动词。

派生:approval n. 同意;批准

⑴ 恐怕你的父母不赞成你和他结婚。 approve of I am afraid your parents won’t___________ your marrying him ____________________ . ⑵ 市议会批准了这项建设计划。 approved The city council_________ the building plan.

9.depend on 依靠;依赖;信赖;依……而定

depend on/upon sth. 依靠某物;由……决定
depend on sb. to do sth. 指望/依靠某人做某 事 depend on it that...相信某件事 (it是虚词,真 正的内容是 that从句) depend on+wh-clause 依赖于 That depends./It all depends.这很难说;得 看情况。
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depends on (1) Success ____________ your effort and ability.成功与否得看你的努力和能力。 depends on (2) It all ____________ whether or not you are interested in it.这完全看你对这事是不 是有兴趣。 (3) You may ____________ them to be depend on here early. 你可以指望他们会早来。 (4)-Is he coming?他来吗? -____________. He may not have time. That depends 那要看情况。他不一定有时间。

10.so as to do sth. 以便,为了(做)……(引导 目的状语,不放于句首) in order to 以便,为了……(引导目的状语,可 放句首) so...as to 如此……以致(引导结果状语) in order that 为了,以便……(引导目的状语从 句) so that 为了……;结果……(引导目的或结果状 语从句) so...that... 如此……以至于(引导结果状语从句)
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(1)He ran quickly ____________/ so as to in order to ______________ catch the last bus. 他跑得很快以便赶上末班车。 (2)We turned on the light so that in order that __________/_________________we might see what it was. so as to =We turned on the light _________ see what it was.我们把灯打开,以便看看它是什么。 so as to (3)She is ______ angry ____________ say a word in front of him.她如此生气以致在 他面前说不出一句话。

提示:当用 so as to, in order to时, 句子前后动作的主语须一致。否则,用

so that, in order that。

11.thorough adj.完全的,彻底的,充分的 副词为thoroughly。 My doctor gave me a thorough checkup. They gave the room a thorough cleaning. The scientist is very thorough in his work. (2)though adv.不过,然而(用于句末) Two heart attacks in a year. It hasn't stopped him smoking though. conj.虽然,尽管 Strange though it may seem, I actually like housework.
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? (3)through prep.穿过,透过,游遍,在整 个期间,由于 ? The ball went flying through the window. ? He had to push his way through the crowd to get to her. ? Sometimes I go to bed at 5 a.m. and sleep right through the day. ? How many working days were lost through sickness last year?

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12.ahead of sb./sth.

? 介词短语可作状语,表语,后置定语,意为 “在……前面,早于;领先”。 ? He was running 50 metres ahead of me. ? He sat 3 rows ahead of us. ? The car ahead of us stopped suddenly. ? The train has left 5 minutes ahead of time (early). ? Beijing is about 12 hours ahead of Washington D.C.. ? His educational ideas were far ahead of 35 共 102 页 his times.


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