2014 年高考模拟考试（山东卷） 英语 第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分）
第一节 单项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. Once you click ________ button, ________ email will
be sent to you via your email address. A. the; an A. have been waiting C. had been waiting — ________. You never know until you try. A. Enjoy yourself A. even though A. them A. whom A. designed time. A. whether A. Use A. was delaying B. what B. Using B. had been delayed C. that C. Used C. has delayed D. where D. To use D. was delayed 9. ________ a bunch of bananas, the zoo-keeper tricked the monkey back into its cage. 10. She could have been in time for the interview, but her flight ________. B. Take your time B. only if B. it B. which B. having designed C. Do as you like C. in case C. that C. where C. to be designed D. Go for it D. now that D. those D. that D. being designed 4. Dean refused to join in the game, ________ we all did our best to persuade him. 5. Let’s face _______ — you’re going to be late whether you go by bus or train. 6. Salina wants to find a job ________ she can use what she has learned at school. 7. This project ________ to help landless people just didn’t work out as planned. 8. Her only problem, if you can call it a problem, is ________ she expects to be successful all the B. a; a C. /; an B. were waiting D. have waited D. the; / 2. The train we ________ for so long was crowded, so we decided to catch a later one.
第 I 卷（选择题 105 分）
3.— I’ve decided to compete in the race, but I’m afraid I won’t be the best.
第二节 完型填空（共两篇；第一篇短文 10 小题，每小题 1 分；第二篇短文 20 小题，每 小题 1.5 分；满分 40 分） A
As Prime Minister, David Cameron is one of the most successful people in the country. But he was admitted that he still when it came to academics, 13 11 12 about his academic record at school. He was a“late developer” in his early years with physics and chemistry.
what advice he would give his young self, he said it would be to“keep on with
第 - 1 - 页 共 11 页
science subjects because understanding of science will be so Cameron he should be hitting the please, David”, he said. Mr. Cameron is not the first Prime Minister to realize the Margaret Thatcher had a degree in 18 in 1950 she was part of a team which helped Thatcher used her training as a chemist to 11. A. doubts 12. A. experimenting 13. A. Asked 14. A. interesting 15. A. school 16. A. more 17. A. history 18. A. biology 19. A. discover 20. A. approach B. regrets B. completing B. Told B. important B. records B. easier B. value B. physics B. taste B. discuss B 20 19 15 harder.“A little
14 16 17
in your future life.” on physics and chemistry, of science in leadership.
In an interview with The Spectator, the Prime Minister said that he would tell the young
from Oxford and, when working as a young chemist the first soft-serve ice cream. Margaret D. opinions D. wandering D. Informed D. difficult D. books D. slower D. advance D. chemistry D. serve D. imagine politics with the mind of a scientist. C. memories C. struggling C. Warned C. challenging C. degree C. less C. truth C. politics C. develop C. learn
The little boy stood outside the entrance to the mall, in the donations for cancer research. Nose red, hat deep over his ears, he and held a list with his other hand. I cancer research — I have do my little part to help find a “Thank you !” he smiled and I did my shopping and not. Hadn’t I always 31 him. As I stepped 33 30 25 26 28 29 23 he had no gloves. 24 I checked my purse, but had no coins. It is a .
spring wind collecting one hand in his pocket
of mine to always give money to
dear friends and family members to the disease, and want to 27 the young boy.
“ I’ll bring you some money when I come back from the mall,” I into a big tissue.
buying a cup of hot chocolate for the little boy, but I could 32 for
children not to take anything from strangers? But now I had coins
to give to him. Finally I went into a clothing store and bought a pair of blue , the little boy stood right where he had been. 34 35
“OK, now give me your looked at the empty lines. A few too.
,” I said to the boy and he handed it over with a pen. I were there and I could see others had given a few coins
第 - 2 - 页 共 11 页
“Do you need to get all these lines
?” 37 40 C. light C. warmed C. predicted C. suggestion C. supported C. cure C. reminded C. nodded C. put off C. commanded C. at least C. shoes C. forward C. note C. signatures C. adopted C. charge C. deciding C. perhaps C. disappointment you for doing this?” I asked, 38
“Yes,” he started, “Or no. I don’t have to, but I want to.” “Will the organization give you something to to hear he got some nice toy or 39 a certificate. , “I get a new, empty list!” He was D. soft D. shook D. noticed D. virtue D. introduced D. cause D. advised D. sneezed D. set about D. begged D. in turn D. boots D. outside D. tissue D. colors D. divided D. reward D. offering D. definitely D. delight “Oh yes!” the boy said and his eyes lit up with smiling broadly, “But I feel good doing this.” 21. A. fair 22. A. clapped 23. A. doubted 24. A. principle 25. A. contributed 26. A. control 27. A. promised 28. A. shouted 29. A. gave up 30. A. warned 31. A. in advance 32. A. pants 33. A. inside 34. A. list 35. A. marks 36. A. taken 37. A. admire 38. A. hoping 39. A. exactly 40. A. embarrassment B. bitter B. pressed B. admitted B. request B. lost B. method B. comforted B. pointed B. thought about B. forced B. at first B. gloves B. behind B. card B. paintings B. filled B. prepare B. trying B. actually B. surprise
第二部分：阅读理解（共 25 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。
A American LaMar Baylor spends most of his time in New York City, working as a performer in the Broadway musical —The Lion King. But since 2011, he has also spent weeks in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. There, he teaches dance to boys who live on the street. His teaching is part of an effort by the Rebecca Davis Dance Company. The project helps young people learn more about dance and learn how to behave in a classroom environment. LaMar Baylor describes his students as genocide (种族屠杀) survivors. They have lost all of
第 - 3 - 页 共 11 页
their families, some even have been in prison. “They have been through things that no one should ever have to go through,” said Baylor. Dance classes provide the children with structured learning and self-expression that they’ve never had before. They can also take classes in information and technology after they have learned to attend classes and follow directions. Boys who have done best in the classes win scholarships, and are sent to the Sunrise Boarding School. About 30 boys have won this kind of financial aid. All the students are male, because few girls in Rwanda live freely on the street. The Rwanda program is the largest one set up by the Rebecca Davis Dance Company, founded and directed by Rebecca Davis. Ms. Davis has also set up dance programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Guinea. About 2,000 children in the three countries have taken part in the project since it was launched in 2010. As for LaMar Baylor, he knows from his own experience how dance can lead to a better life. He is from Camden, New Jersey. Camden has sometimes been called America’s poorest and most dangerous city. Mr. Baylor says that growing up in Camden, it took a long time for him to find out what he wanted to do. He now thanks dancing saved his life. 41. What do we know about LaMar Baylor according to the text? A. He spends most of his time in Rwanda. B. He is director of the musical The Lion King. C. He himself grew up in a poor environment. D. He started the Rwanda Program on his own. 42. It can be learned from the text that the children in Rwanda A. have gone through tough times B. have committed violent crimes C. worked hard to win scholarship D. forced mainly on dancing 43. In how many countries are the dance programs launched? A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five 44. Which of the following is true of the dance project? A. Most children participating in it were boys. B. The project could date back to the year 2010. C. In is aimed to improve the kid’s dancing skills. D. It has gained much support from the world. 45. What can be the main idea of the text? A. Dance offers street children path to education. B. The largest dance project was set up in Guinea. C. Education is important to street children.
第 - 4 - 页 共 11 页
D. Where you grow up decides what you are. B From a small warehouse in North Salt Lake City, Utah, a little-known company called Go Natural CNG is about to release a new home refueling system after more than two years of research. The system, backed by technology giant Parker Hannifin Corp, will fill up quicker than some models—about one gallon an hour—and last up to 20 years, according to Go Natural CNG Chief Executive Lucas Kjar. The unit, expected by the end of the year, will use hydraulic technology to compress (压缩) the gas for vehicle use, he said. He did not say how much the unit would cost. But Go Natural may have a lot of competition. General Electric, Whirlpool and Eaton are all working on home refueling technologies expected to be launched in the next couple of years. General Electric, which received $1.8 million from the government to develop its system, aims to release a unit that will cool natural gas to minus 50 degrees Celsius to extract (提取) water and other contaminates before refueling. GE aims to sell the unit at $500, about a tenth of the cost of current models. General Electric said it was in the development phase and declined to comment on the program’s progress. Honda, which makes the natural gas-fired Honda Civic GX, has contacted GE and Whirlpool to discuss their plans, according to Elmer Hardy, Honda’s senior manager of alternative fuel vehicles. Eaton, which received $3.4 million from the government to develop the technology, is working on a unit at its labs in Southfield, Michigan, that would use liquids to compress the gas instead of the traditional metal pistons(活塞). It aims to make a unit available for $500 by 2015. “We are seeing if we can do it in a way that reduces the price point,” said Clark Fortune, who leads the program at Eaton. “The adoption will improve if the costs come down.” 46. What might be the author ’s purpose in writing the text? A. To encourage car owners to use natural gas. B. To advertise some technology companies. C. To introduce a new home refueling system. D. To present some ways of saving energy. 47. Which company may be the first to release the new refueling system? A. Eaton B. General Electric C. Whirlpool D. Go Natural 48. Which of the following is true of the system to be launched by Go Natural? A. It can be bought at $5oo now. B. It has got into market this year. C. It can be used for twenty years. D. It is financed by Honda. 49. What is the government’s attitude to the new home refueling system?
第 - 5 - 页 共 11 页
C. Negative B. Its present price. D. Its appearance. C
50. What may prevent the system from being widely accepted according to Clark Fortune? A. Its refueling speed. C. Its compressing technique.
Everybody loves to play board games sometimes, but it is surprising to know how long this pastime has been in existence. Some of the earliest board games are over 5,000 years old. The oldest is probably Senet, an American Egyptian game which has been found in burials from before 3000 BC. The game involves an element of luck, and so it was thought by the Ancient Egyptians that those who won the game were protected by God. For this reason, games of Senet were often buried alongside the dead body, to be used on the dangerous game board is set out as a grid of three by ten rows, and uses two sets of at least five pawns. The actual rules are unknown, although some historians have proposed rules which were used in the Senet sets available today. The Royal Game of Ur, also known as the Game of Twenty Squares, is another ancient game which dates back to the First Dynasty of Ur, in 2600 BC Mesopotamia. It was played with two sets of seven counters, one black and one white, and three four-sided dice (骰子). Although the ancient rules are unknown, a stone tablet has been found which describes a reliable record of how the game was played in 177-176 BC. Both Senet and The Royal Game of Ur probably came into existence long before the game backgammon (西洋双陆棋)，which itself has a long history. The game of Nard, which existed in Iran in around 3000 BC, used two sets of fifteen counters, four dice and same board as the one used in backgammon today, although the initial starting positions and rules are different. Similar games were played in Ancient Rome and India. 51. The text is meant to introduce________. A. a common origin of board games C. several kinds of earliest board games A. Its actual rules are still in use. C. It is probably the oldest board game. 53. What is the main idea of Paragraph 2? A. A brief introduction to the Royal Game of Ur. Dynasty of Ur. C. The recent discovery of an ancient board game. tablet. 54. What can be inferred from the text? A. There were some similarities between the games.
第 - 6 - 页 共 11 页
B. the unknown rules of board games D. the newly discovered board games B. It used to be played in tombs. D. Its design is closely related to God. B. A reliable account of the First D. The original rules found in a stone
52. What do we know about the game of Senet IN paragraph 1?
B. The earliest board game was found in Europe. C. All the games used the same number of dice. D. We haven’t got any record of the board games. 55. What does the underlined word“itself ”in the last paragraph refer to? A. The game of Senet. C. The game backgammon. D Ride sharing startup Zimride is launching a new experimental mobile app called Lyft that will enable drivers and riders to connect in real time, and even watch the drivers drive to the agreed upon pick-up spot via a map on the smartphone. Booking a lift via Zimride can be a good choice for a long trip that you schedule in advance. But what about if you want to catch a ride right now? Just turn to the mobile app Lyft! The app, only available via invite now, lets potential riders look for available drivers close by and request rides. The riders and drivers can look at each other’s profiles and the app is using Facebook Connect for log-in and social security. Once booked, riders can watch their drivers drive to them on a mobile map in real time. Riders pay the driver based on a suggested donation mobile via the app itself (no cash exchange) and Zimride says the rides will be about 30 percent cheaper than a cab. The biggest problem with these types of apps will likely be safety issues—riders getting picked up by drivers they don’t feel comfortable with. To address some of these concerns, the company says drivers will be investigated via car inspections, background check, personal interviews and DMV record checks. Zimride says its fellow 500 Startups-backed company Task Rabbit advised it on some of these security moves. For now the service will only be available during the evening rush hours. Over time, the service will be available 24 hours, says Zimride. San Francisco is rapidly becoming a test bed for these types of next-generation, more efficient, transportation apps, like Scoot Networks and Ridepal. 56. For what purpose did Zimride create the new experimental mobile app? A. To help to arrange a long trip ahead of time. profit. C. To share information with fellow companies. time. 57. What does the underlined word “profiles” probably mean? A. Personal information. C. Specific address. A. Its working system. B. Self evaluation. D. Brief comments. B. Its safety measures.
第 - 7 - 页 共 11 页
B. The Royal Game of Ur. D. The game of Nard.
B. To encourage drivers to make a larger D. To enable riders to catch a ride in real
58. What does Paragraph 4 mainly tell us about the mobile app Lyft?
C. Its installation. 59. What do we know about the Lyft service? A. It charges riders more money. C. It provides efficient transportation. 60. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
D. Its fellow companies. B. It is not well received at present. D. It runs twenty hours every day.
A. The author is not confident of the future of the service. B. Zimride will open a company to test transportation apps. C. Apps like Lyft may be widely used in the next generation. D. The mobile app Lyft has been put into use nationwide. E Our world is a noisy place, but quiet places remain. Eight years ago, audio (声音的) engineer Gordon Hempton identified the quietest place in the continental United States. He calls the place “One Square Inch of Silence.” He has used his symbolic spot in a northwestern rain forest to campaign against noise pollution. But the self-described “Sound Tracker” is now going deaf. For Gordon Hempton, it started with an experience known to many people. “I was lying in the bed in the springtime about a year ago. The sun was shining. The birds could be singing. They should be singing. But I was hearing none. I knew my life was going to be different.” Hempton’s eyes get watery as he describes his cruel situation. More than 20 years ago he trademarked his nickname as “The Sound Tracker.” Sharp hearing defined his career as an Emmy award winning sound recordist. It also led to his activism against noise pollution. He has circled the globe three times in search of the perfect sounds of nature. Hempton says his hearing loss is quickly getting worse but he has to finish his project. “I am running a race to finish the Quiet Planet collection.” That’s the title of a planned 19-volume set of nature recordings. The sound tracks could be licensed for use in movies, video games, exhibits, plays and the like. Volunteer assistants now help Hempton review and edit sound files and identify imperfections. The exact cause of his hearing loss is not clear. Doctors say it may be the result of an infection, or a tumor (肿瘤) or a combination of things. Hempton is self-employed. His health care plan does not pay for hearing loss treatment. So, for now, he’s directing his attention to completing his “greatest hits” album. “After I get it finished, I have an economic cash flow to get my hearing back. That’s the first thing on my to-do list.” He’s hopeful his hearing loss can be recovered. 61. What do we know about Gordon Hempton according to the text? A. He never won an Emmy award. C. He works as an audio engineer. A. Curious. B. Inspired. B. He fights against air pollution. D. He likes living in the United States. C. Annoyed. D. Sad.
62. How did Gordon Hempton feel when he knew his ears were going deaf?
第 - 8 - 页 共 11 页
63. What contributed most to his successful career? A. His sharp hearing. C. Travelling experiences. 64. What is Gordon Hempton doing now? A. Listening to the birds in the forest. C. Doing activities for noise pollution. 65. What may be the best title of the text? A. Searching for the sound of nature. C. Deaf fighter against noise pollution. 第三部分：书面表达（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文并回答问题，然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上。 （请注意问题后的字数 要求）  Katharine Meyer was born in New Yolk City in 1917. In 1917, her father, Eugene Meyer bought a failing newspaper, The Washington Post. It was the least successful of five newspapers in Washington. She married Philip Graham, who became publisher of The Washington post. Mr. Graham improved the newspaper. He bought Newsweek magazine and several television stations. He also established close ties with important political leaders.  For many years, Mr. Graham suffered from mental illness. He killed himself in 1963. In those days, it was ______ for a woman to be the head of a business. Women were expected to supervise only their homes and children. She did not think she had the ability to do an important job. She had no training in business or experience in operating a large company.  Katharine Graham met with officials of The Post. She said it would remain in her family. She was elected president of The Washington Post Company. She had no idea about how to operate a newspaper. So she decided to learn. She began by hiring Benjamin Bradlee. He later became chief editor. Mr. Bradlee improved the newspaper, too. He hired excellent reporters and editors. They began doing important investigative reporting. In 1969, Katharine Graham became publisher as well as president of The Washington Post Company.  Katharine Graham was recognized around the world as an important leader in newspaper publishing. She was the first woman to head a major American company. She successfully expanded The Washington Post Company to include newspaper, magazine, broadcast and cable companies.  Katharine Graham once wrote: “A world without newspapers would not be the same kind of world.” After her death, the employees of The Washington Post wrote: “A world without Katharine Graham will not be the same at all.” 66. What is the text mainly about? (no more than 8 words)
第 - 9 - 页 共 11 页
B. His reliable assistants. D. The sounds of nature. B. Receiving medical care in the hospital. D. Working on the Quiet Planet collection. B. Successful Sound-Tracker going deaf. D. Hoping to get the hearing back.
第 II 卷（共 45 分）
_____________________________________________________________________________ 67. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with one proper word. _____________________________________________________________________________ 68. What did Benjamin Bradlee do to improve The Washington Post? (no more than 6 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ 69. Why was Katharine Graham recognized as an important leader in newspaper publishing? (no more than 15 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ 70. Explain the underlined sentence in the last Paragraph in simple English. (no more than 10 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 写作（满分 30 分） 假如你是李明，目前正在英国学习。你在网上看到某宠物收容中心（DogsTrust）正在招 募志愿者，请根据一下招聘信息，给中心负责人 John Smith 写一封申请信。 ? ? ? ? 10 hours per week Working time: July 1-August 30,2014 Provide daily care for the dogs Assist training classes To apply: please email or post a covering letter (starting why you would be suitable ) to John Smith, Dogs Trust, 17 Wakley Street, London.
注意： 1. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯； 2. 字数： 120～150。
第I 卷 （共105 分）
第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分55 分） 第一节单项填空（共10 小题；每小题1.5 分，满分15 分） 1—5 ACDAB 6—10 CACBD 第二节完形填空 （共40 小题； 11—20 每小题1 分， 满分10 分； 21—40 每小题1.5 分， 满 分
第 - 10 - 页 共 11 页
30 分；共计40 分） 11—15 BCABD 16—20 ABDCA 21—25 BCDAB 26—30 CADBA 31—35 CBDAC 36—40 BDACD 第二部分 阅读理解（共25 小题；每小题2 分，满分50 分） 41—45 CABBA 46—50 CDCDB 51—55 CCAAC 56—60 DABCC 61—65 CDADB
第II 卷 （共45 分）
第三部分 书面表达（共两节，满分45 分） 第一节阅读表达（共5 小题；每小题3 分, 共15 分） 66. Katharine Meyer — a successful newspaper leader/publisher. 67. rare/ unusual/ hard/ difficult 68. He hired excellent reporters and editors. 69. She was the first woman to head a major American company and successfully expanded it. 70. If there were no newspapers, the world would be different. Newspapers play an important role in the world. 第二节 写作 （满分30 分） （标准参照高考评卷） 略
第 - 11 - 页 共 11 页