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Book4 1. have no alternative but

Module 1.. 中要用 should+动词 原形,

(=have no choice but) 除 …… 外别无选 择; 只要…… 2. alternative 可代替能源 3. an alternative plan energy should 可省略) 10. free of


免费,不花钱 11. in 负责,管理 12. in the charge of charge of

替代方案 4. load … with sth.

由…负责 13. take charge of 责管理,负责照顾 14. be charged with… 负

给… 装某物 load the truck with coal 给汽车装上煤 5. be on fire

充满 15. attach sth to sth 把某

着火(强调状态) 6. catch fire 动作,无被动语态) 7. set fire to sth 失火 ( 强调

物固定/附在某物上 16. attach oneself to 和…在一起,缠着 17. be attached to… 在…上; 附属于….; 系 在……上 连 参加;

放火烧某物 8. command sb to do sth 命令某人做某事 9. command that… (that 从句

18.attach importance/value to sth. 认为某事 很重要/有价值 19.for sure 定地,有把握地 20. sb. is sure to do sth 肯


get rid of =rid…of


丢掉;除去,赶走,消灭 29. with + 复合宾语结构 ,常用

的结构形式有: ①with+ 宾语 + 现在 分词 ( 强调 宾语是现在分词动作的发出者或 某状态、动作正在进行) ②with+ 宾语 + 过去 分词 ( 强调 宾语是过去分词动作的承受者或 动作已经发生) ③with+ 宾语 + 形容 词 ( 强调宾 语的特性和状态) ④with+宾语+副词 ⑤with+ 宾语 + 不定 式 ( 不定式

某人一定/肯定做某事 21. be sure + that-clause

确信,相信…… 22. make sure of /about sth

确保…… 23. make sure + that-clause

确保 24. sb. run out of sth

动作尚未发生) ⑥with+宾语+介词短语

某人用完了某东西 25. sth. run out





某物用完了(没有了) 26. rely on/upon

订购 31. carry 做手术 指 32. be optimistic . 对 …… 乐观 out an operation

依靠,信赖;取决于 27. rely on it that…



的 33. be optimistic that…

从开头, 从开始 42. on the way out 即

对…..乐观 34. in shape 处于

将被淘汰; 即将过时 43. on the way n./pron./to 即将,来到,接近

良好状态,在形状上 35. in the shape of

doing 44.

can’t…too 或 never…too

以….形状;呈……形 36. out of shape

“不可能太….”, “ 再 怎 么….也不过分”

变形,走样 37. look out of




向……外看 38. look out !

并非所有的 Module 2 1. be 展览 be on show be on exhibition a start 2. permit sb to do sth on display

小心,当心 Watch out! ; Be careful! Take care! 39. for

首先 40. to start with = to begin 首先, 第一

允许某人做某事 3. permit 允许做某事 4. provide beginning sb with sth doing sth


41.from the start = from the


provide sth for sb 5. sth impress sb 物给某人留下影响 sb be impressed by 6. impress 使某人铭记 = impress sb with sth 7. sth is impressed on one’s mind 某 事被印在脑海里 8. have/leave/make/ a …impression on sb 给 某 人留下…的印象 9. be convenient to sb sth on sb 某

对某事方便 13. get around=get about

到处旅游; 四 处走动 14. be connected to/with

与…..相连, 接通 15. be 困住,动不了 16. get 穿衣 get 洗脸 get 迷路 get 结婚 get 充电 get 被分散 separated charged married lost washed dressed stuck in

对某人方便 10. It is convenient for sb

对某人方便 11. It is convenient to do sth 做某事方便 12. be convenient for sth

17. in



马上,一会儿 18.on 按时 in 及时 19.once 从前 20. at the same time upon a time time time

以改为 if 条件句 Think hard, and you’ll have a n

i d e a

与此同时 at one time 度,从前有个时期 at no time 在任何时候都不 21. be 值得做….. be worth + n. = be worthy of + n sth. is worth doing = sth is worthy of being done = worthy to be done 22. “祈使句 + and +简单句”可 =? sth is worth doing 决不, 曾经, 一

. 使 劲 想 , 你 就 会 有 主 意 。


“ 祈使句 + or + 简单句 ” 也

请别人做某事 31. keep 保持冷静 keep 保持安静 keep still quiet cool

可以改为 if 条件句 Listen to me, or you won’t understand. = ? 24. under construction

正在建设之中 25. be limited to 不动

局限于….. 26. in rush hours

keep 保持沉默 32. to… no


处于交通高峰期 27. react


肯定不, 没门儿 (用于句首

对…产生反应 react with sth. 物起(化学)反应 28. occur to sb (主意或想 1. vary 被 想起,被想到 29. It occurs to sb to do sth 在……方面不同 2. vary 从…..到……变化 3. vary with 化,因….而不同 done 4. involve sb 与某 时,句子要倒装)

Module 3 in…



某人想到…… It occurs to sb that 30. have sth



允许某人参与 5. involve 积极参与…… 6. be/get involved in… oneself in…

值班 10. hold up 举起,

抬起,承受住,支撑 11. hold 阻挡 than hold 等会儿, 坚持 hold 限制 down on back

被卷入到….之中 7. more 不仅仅 more than 100 = over 100 , 超过 100 more than surprised

hold 维持


十分/非常 吃惊 more …than… 如说…(强调前者) He was more an artist than a writer. 8. on guard 警惕;值班,站岗 9. on 度假 on 休班 on duty leave holiday 与 其说 … 不

12. give away 让步,赠送,捐赠 13. give off


发出 ( 烟、

光、热、气味等) (保持) 14. give out 发出;放出(消息、 声

音等);用完,耗尽 15. mind reader 透别人心思的人 16. make a deal 成协议,做成交易 17. communicate with sb 达 能看

和某人交流 18.be busy with sth






请某人帮个忙 29. in favour of

忙于某事 19.shake hands with sb

赞成 30. do sb a favor = do a 帮某人的忙 up

和某人握手 20. stare at sb/sth

favor for sb 31. lift

注视着某人/某物 21. stare into the distance

举起;太高;吊起 32. ①up and down

凝视着远方 22. request sb to do sth

上上下下 ②up 前前后后 = back and forth = forwards ③up 处处 = here and there ④up 来来往往 and down and down backwards and and down

要求某人做某事 23. request that sb (should)

do… 要求某人做某事 24. make a request for…

要求….. 25. at the request of sb

应某人的请求 = at sb’s request 26. by request(of)

按要求 27. do sb a favour

= to and from 33. by accident



不是(介词短语) 9. a quantity of + 不可数名词,

Module 4 1. experiment 用某物实验 2. experiment 对某物进行实验 3. carry out perform conduct experiment 做实验 do make 4. make a breakthrough 得重大突破(进展) 5. convert A into/to B 取 an on sth. with sth.

谓语动词用单数 10. quantities of+可数名词复

数,谓语动词用复数 quantities of+ 不可数名词 , 谓 语动词用复数 11. bring up 吐,提出(话题等) 12. bring 降低 bring 导致,引起 bring back 还;恢复;回想 bring in (钱);带进;传入 13. search 寻找 取代,代 14. search sb/sp 查某人或某地 代替,而 15. in search of 搜 for 赚 归 about down 抚育;教养,呕

把 A 转换成 B 6. take the place of = replace 取代,代替 7. in place of 替(介词短语) 8. instead of

寻求/寻找…… 16.as a result of





important 21. be

第二重要的 in…

由于…..的结果 as 因此,结果 17. owing to thanks to due to because of 18.the to… 关键 the question notes 课文注释 an end to the meeting 会议的结束 the building 19.export 出口某物到…… entrance to the answer to the key …… 的 由于… a result


对……感兴趣 22. graduate from…..

从…..(地方)毕业 23. escape from (out of)+sp.

从某地逃脱;逃走 escape 逃避现实 24. have a narrow escape from reality

九死一生 25. a fire escape

问题的答案 to the text

紧急出口;安全门 26. clear up (天

气)放晴;整理;收拾 27. be known for

因…..而出名/闻名 be known an

大厦的入口 sth to

以……而知名,著称 be 为……所知 known to





succeed. = ? 33. It’s likely that……

谋生 = make a living get/gain 谋生 比 较 : live/lead a…life 过着…..的生活 29. come to power a living

可能….. =sb/sth is likely to do It’s likely that he is doing his homework. = ? 34. It seems that

好像…… =sb/sth seems to do

掌权;执政 30. take power

It seems that he knows the secret. =?

取得政权 in 当权,执政 out of one’s power power

35. 在交战中 36. be





不能胜任,力所不及 = beyond one’s power 31. It is possible that….

被诊断出…, 患有… 37. become the voice of

成为…的代言人 38. partly because of

可能…… 32. It’s certain that...

一部分因为 Module 5 1. surround sb with sb

一定……. =sb/sth is certain to do It’s certain that you’ll





sb 阔的地域)


被某人所包围 in 在周围环境 2. a narrow escape the surrounding

5. at least = at the least 至少 6. not in the least = not all 一点也不

九死一生 3. in the distance

7. at most = at the most 至多

在远处,在远方 from a distance

8. be 有大量的



从一定距离,从远处 at a distance 距离处,隔一段距离 keep sb at a distance 对某人冷淡; 在一定

9. make 绕道而行 10. have






休四周假 与 11. go through

某人保持距离 4. at the edge of 边缘(侧重于在边 在……的

穿过;经历 12. forbid sb to do sth

禁止某人做某事 13. forbid 缘 doing sth

点上) on the edge of 缘上(侧重在边缘较 在…边

禁止做某事 14. require to do sth


15. require




sth 1. attack sb

Module 6 with sth

要求某人去做某事 16.require that sb (should) do sth 要求某人做某事 17. sth require doing

用某物攻击某人 2. be attacked with a disease 患/害病 3. make an attack on/upon 对…发动攻击 4. a heart attack

某物需要被做 = sth require to be done 18.on 在现场,当场 19.rip 敲竹杠;敲诈 20. rip sth off off a spot

心脏病突发 5. come into existence

开始存在;形成;成立 6. a struggle for existence

偷窃,盗取 21. get a kick out of

生存竞争 7. calm (使)安静下来 doing 8. sb. is unlikely to… down

从……中得到乐趣 22. enjoy

喜欢干….. 23. be fond of

某人不可能 9. It is unlikely that…

喜欢….. 24. go in for

不可能…… be 可能…… 10. be related to likely to...


与…有关,与…有联系 11. relate sth to sth 与……联系起来 12. There happens to be… 把…..

火)逐渐熄灭 19. throw light on 弄清楚;阐明某事 20. come to light 帮助

碰巧有…… 13. There appears to be…

暴露,被发现,表现出来 21. bring to light 人知道,公布于世 to be… 22. come straight to the 让

似乎有…… 14.There 好像有 15. have the fortune (luck) to do sth 幸 (幸运)做某事 16.make 发财 17. try 碰碰运气 18.die out 物种)灭绝;灭亡; ( 习俗等)渐渐消失 (家族、 one’s fortune a fortune 好 seems

point 23.

谈正题;开门见山 the point


不切正题,无关紧要 24. to the point

切题,中肯 25. be on the point of

正要 26. go for 适用于,

应用于;喜欢,偏爱 27. adapt oneself to

使自己适应于…… 28. according to

根据 ( 29. be connected with

与…..有关系 30. in order to = so as to 情况的否定性推测)


为了 本模块重点 语法 一. 情态动词 + have + p.p. 用 法归纳 1. must have done sth.

The ground is dry, so it can’t have rained last night. 4. should have done sth.

过去应该做某事(而没做) = ought to have done sth

You are late. You should have come 1 minute earlier. 5. shouldn’t have done sth. 过去不该做某事(却做了)

肯定做了某事 (表示对过去的某事 做出肯定的判断) He knew the film. must have seen it. 2. may/might have done He

= oughtn’t to have done sth. She is crying. You

shouldn’t have told her the sad news. 6. could have done sth.

可能/大概已经做了某事 (表示对过去情 况的可能性推测) Tom may have bought a new pen because I don’t see the old one.. 3. sth. can’t/ couldn’t have done 不可能已经做了某事


7. needn’t have done sth. 来不必做某事(却已经做了)

Tom has bought a new pen. You needn’t have lent him

your pen. 8. would rather have done sth. 本来想做某事(却未做成) I would rather have come to help you with your English, but I was too busy at that time. 二、情态动词表推测的其他用法 1、情态动词 + 动词原形 表示对现 在或将来情况的推测 2、 情态动词 + be doing 表示对

3、情态动词 + have been doing 表 示 对 过 去 正 在 发 生 的事情的 现 在 或 将 来 正 在 进 行 的 推测


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