2010 学年度广州市高中二年级学生学业水平测试 英语 本试卷分四部分，共 8 页，满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1 ．答卷前，考生务必在答题卡上用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写自己的测试证号和姓名； 填写考区考场室号、座位号，再用 2B 铅笔把对应的两个号码涂黑。 2 ．选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需改 动，用
橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案；不能答在试卷上。 3 ． 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答。 答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内 的相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不准使用铅笔、圆珠 笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4 ．考生必须保持答题卡的整洁，考试结束时，将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 I 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 1 ．听力略 II 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16 一 30 各题所给的 A 、 B 、 C 和 D 项中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Are you good at understanding body language ? You're probably ___16____than you think , according to the experts. What is body language exactly? __17___, it's signals made by body movement, gesture and eye movement. Body language can actually __18__ a lot of information, and it can help us ___19___ a person's attitude and state of mind. In fact, studies have suggested that only 7% of communication involves actual __20___, while 55% is body language and 38% is intonation (语调). Many examples of body language are ___21___ to identify. In most cultures, smiling shows happiness and a(an) ___22___ attitude. So, when someone smiles at you, they're telling you that they are open, interested and happy to ___23___. But if someone puts their arms across their chest, they don't want to communicate with you. And if this is combined with a serious facial expression, you should ___24___ because this can mean anger. It's very difficult to ___25__ with your body language. For example, when people pretend to ___26___, they only use the muscles around the mouth and the top half of their face remains__27___. However, a true smile involves the ___28___ face; including the cheeks and eyes. Research shows that most people can see whether a smile is true by looking at the top half of the ___29___. One of the great advantages with body language is that you don't have to ___30___ it you already know it, even if you don't know you do. 16. A.stronger B.better C.more interested D.more careful 17. A. Basically B. Suddenly C. Truly D. Surprisingly 18. A.read B.destroy C.receive D.communicate 19. A.hide B.create C.understand D.like 20. A.words B.signals C.meaning D.gesture 21. A.sure B.impossible C.easy D.hard
22. A.surprised B.friendly C.curious D.angry 23. A.operate B.stay C.go D.talk 24. A.leave out B.watch out C.speak out D.turn out 25. A.begin B.move C.answer D.lie 26. A.smile B.speak C.look D.reply 27. A.untouched B.unnoticed C.unchanged D.uncovered 28. A.partial B.whole C.usual D.happy 29. A.mouth B.cheek C.face D.body 30. A.like B.do C.mean D.learn 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，第小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卜标号为 31 一 40 的相应位置 上。 Early one morning in New York , a clever dog , climbs into bed next to his sleeping__31___(own), Laura Smith. The dog usually wakes up Laura by placing a fool on her. Then the dog takes a comer of the blanket in his mouth and pulls it back. Laura opens her eyes and starts laughing. Laura found Paige through ___32___ online advertisement three years ago. When the eight-week-old dog __33__ (arrive). He needed to be trained to obey orders. Laura sent him to a training school, ___34___ he received high marks. It wasn't long before he could lie down and roll over. ___35__ the training was a lot of fun, the dog liked it and learned quickly. Now he enjoys pocking up a toy from the floor, ___36___ (walk) to the toy box, and dropping it inside. He also likes going for walks ___37___ Laura. ___38___bedtime arrives after a busy day, Paige puts himself to bed. He jumps on it, lies down, grabs a corner of the blanket, ___39___ rolls himself up like a big spring roll. The next morning, Paige will once again wake Laura up and get her off to work. It's clear that Laura has had the dog well __40___ (train). III 阅读理解（共一节， 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A 、 B 、 C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A In 2006, I was swimming off Sunrise Beach with some friends and brother Taariq, on a life-saving exercise. Two guys stayed in boat while Taariq and I swam out. Then something caught my eye------ a large shark fin heading towards my brother. I shouted to the guys in the boat to get Taariq out and tried to draw the shark's attention away from my brother by hitting the water. It worked. But now the shark was swimming towards me. As the three-metre"great white"circled me. I tried to push it away with my feet. But that only made it angry. It swung it s body round, making a huge splash. I tried desperately to swim away, but my right leg wouldn't move. I looked down and saw why: everything below my knee was in the shark's mouth. It was like a dog with a bone. Shaking me violently. I screamed to the guys in boat for help as the shark took me underwater, still shaking me with
my leg in its mouth. I was running out of breath and my lungs felt as if they were on fire. Then I got so angry , I thought, "I'm not going down without a fight. " I started attacking the shark with all my remaining strength, grabbing its eye and punching its nose. I gave one last enormous push and heard a great snapping sound. Suddenly, I was free. When I broke the water surface I was close to blacking out. The boat was nearer now, and Taariq grabbed my hand and started pulling me out. He held my injured leg, trying to stop the bleeding. I didn't know it, but halfway down my leg there was nothing left. After I left hospital, I felt angry about what had happened to me at first. But brother told me not to give up on life. I followed his advice and less than two years later I was chosen to attend the 2008 Beijing Paralympics(残运会) . 41. The writer started hitting the water in order to __________. A. tell his brother a shark was coming B.ask the people on the boat for help C.show the shark he wasn't afraid D.get the shark to swim away from his brother 42. In what order did the following events take place? a. My lungs felt as if they were fire. b. I was close to blacking out. c. The shark circled around me. d. I started hitting the water. e. The shark made huge splash. A.d, c, e, a , b B.d, e, c, b, a C.e, d, a, c, b D.c, d, a, b, e 43. The underlined expression " I'm not going down..." is closest in meaning to _______. A. I won't go out of the water B. I won't be defeated C. I refuse to co-operate (合作) D. I cannot disappoint others 44. Which of the following best describes the writer ? A . Clever B . Foolish C . Brave D . Careless B Children who spend more than two hours a day at a computer or watching television are more likely than others to have mental problems, scientists say. Researchers found that 11-year-olds who spent several hours in front of a screen each day did worse on mental health tests, no matter how much physical exercise they got. The study found no direct evidence that sitting in front of a screen actually causes mental health problems. Instead, it suggests that children with difficulties, such as extreme shyness, are more likely to choose TV or computer games than sociable activities. In the study, children were asked whether they agreed, disagreed or somewhat agreed with a list of statements, including, " I generally play alone or keep to myself and , " I am often unhappy or tearful". They were also asked how much exercise they took and how long they spent at a TV or computer screen. According to the study, children who spent more than two hours a day at a screen had a 60% higher risk of mental problems than children who spent fewer viewing hours. The risk was only slightly higher in children who did little of no exercise. "Physical activity is good for health in many ways, but it can't make up for long hours of screen viewing. Parents should consider limiting their children's screen viewing to on more than 2 hours a day," said the study organizer, Angie Page.
Previous studies have raised concerns that watching too much television can affect children's behaviour in later life. A Canadian study found that those who watched most TV as young children performed worse at school, ate more junk food and had more trouble concentrating. 45. What is the passage mainly about? A. It describes the reasons people watch television. B. It reports the findings of a scientific study. C. It discusses ways to improve children's physical health. D. It advises parents on raising their children. 46. How did the researchers carry out the study? A. By reviewing children's records online. B. By interviewing children's parents. C. By watching children in their home. D. By asking children questions. 47. Which problem linked with watching too much TV is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Poor concentration in school. B. Bad eating habits. C. Getting angry. D. Mental illness. 48. How can children improve mental health according to the passage? A. Limit TV and computer use to less than two hours a day. B. Get more physical exercise. C. Play more educational computer games. D. Go to bed earlier each night. C The Dutch did not invent windmills(风车) , but they put them to good use, drying flooded fields to create more farmland. Unlike history's first windmills in Persia centuries ago, which were used to make flour, these windmills were pumping systems, bringing up water for families and farm animals from deep underground. In the U.S.A, windmills were introduced to desert lands around the railroads, which needed water along the tracks for the steam engines. Farmers quickly borrowed the idea and bought a lot of windmills. These days, you can see hundreds of wind turbines (涡轮机) on top of some Californian mountains, where the wind always -----or at at least most of the time-steadily blows. A collection of 3,300 wind turbines on one Californian mountain draws enough energy to supply the power needs of a whole city. While windmills drove water pumps, wind turbines make electricity that goes directly into the electric system. Electricity companies have discovered the same strengths of wind power that farmers learned a century ago: the wind is a wonderful, non-polluting energy source. You never run out of it, and the price cannot be beat. 49. Who invented the first windmills? A. The Dutch. B. The Persians. C. The Californians. D. Turbine owners. 50. Windmills in the U.S.A were first used to ____________. A.get water B.dry fields C.create electricity D.make flour 51. Why are wind turbines often built on mountain tops? A. The land is cheaper. B. The air is cleaner.
C. The weather is better. D. The wind is steadier. 52. Which is mentioned as an advantage of wind power? A. Easy to create. B. Requires no workers. C. Good for the environment. D. Better for cities. D About 1.5 million American children -----or 3 percent of the school-age population -----won't be going anywhere as schools open for the new term. Before 1918 , when Mississippi became the last U.S state to require that school-age children attend public or private schools, many children were taught by their parents at home or by teachers informally hired by the community. Quite often in the countryside, kids of all ages were taught in the same one-room schoolhouse. Many years later in the 1980s, home-schooling made a comeback when very religious parents persuaded the government to approve the teaching of children at home. Home-schooling is popular with many parents because they believe that children get their moral values from the people with whom they spend the must time. Adults who choose to stay home and teach their children often don't agree with standardized testing, grouping students by age rather than ability, and passing them ahead to the next grade whether or not, they've grasped the material. In home-schooling households, it's not unusual to find several children, ages 4 to 16, being taught together. Older kids help younger ones, as they once did in those one-room schoolhouses. Critics point to home teachers' lack of experience and qualifications. And they argue that pulling kids out of school may stop them developing social skills. But home-schooling parents don't think that their children are separated from other kids and become bookish. They are, the parents say, simply hard workers who go to church meetings, play sports, and shop at malls right alongside their friends who go to school. 53. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. There are about 5 million school-age children in the US nowadays. B. Until 1918, school-age children were all taught by their parents at home. C. In the 1980s, home-schooling came back because of religious reasons. D. One-room schoolhouses were once popular in city centers. 54. Home-schooling parents most probably agree that _____________. A.standardized testing is a good way to judge students' ability. B.students should be passed ahead to the next grade without any tests. C.children get their moral values from people they spend the most time with D.home-schooled children learn better with their brothers and sisters. 55. The underlined word "They" in the last paragraph refers to _________. A.home-schooling parents B.home-schooled children C.ideas D.other kids 56. The main purpose of the passage is ___________. A.discuss why some people prefer home-schooling B.point out the problems of home-schooling C.show concerns about the social disabilities of home-schooled children
D.encourage more parents to home-school their children E "Aw, isn't it cute?" That, right there, is the well accepted response to any animal! Contact the world over. Animals are cute. They're there to be photographed, loved, and occasionally fed. But you know what? Not all animals are cute, or lonely, or even nice. Some of them are a real pain in the neck. When you travel, you come into contact with all sorts of animals you've never heard of before. Some of them are amazing creatures that you'll talk about for the rest of your life. Some of them are just annoying. So, at the risk of causing anger among animal lovers around the world, here are some of the world's most annoying animals. Vervet monkeys, South Africa You'll immediately notice two things about Vervet monkeys: they have a bright blue bottom; and they'll steal any food that's not locked in a bank safe. I recently spent some time in South Africa, and watched as monkey after monkey dived in from the trees and stole everyone's food. Get your own food, Vervets! My sandwich was expensive!! Kea parrots, New Zealand I have never seen one of these birds before hut from what I've been told they are more annoying than a spoilt kid. From biting the paint off your car doors to stealing people's passports, Keas are probably the most curious, and therefore annoying, animals in the world. And they're New Zealanders. That makes sense! Kangaroos, Australia Another well-known food-stealer, kangaroos are loved by tourists, eaten by Australians, and generally enjoy making trouble for others. Go on a camping trip anywhere in Australia, and watch how long your bags of food last. Turn your back for 15 minutes and the camp will look like thieves have turned the place upside down. Grizzly bears, USA They look pretty cute, grizzly bears. You almost want to go up and give them a hug. Unfortunately, it wouldn't end well. In fact, one of the world's most huggable creatures is also the one molt likely to kill you just because it can. Oh, and it'll steal your picnic basket, too. 57. Which of the following best describes the tone of the passage? A. Humorous. B. Angry C. Sad D. Frightening. 58. The author uses the underlined expression "pain in the neck" to suggest__________. A.these animals may bite you on the neck B.these animals may cause serious illness C.people should be fearful of these animals D.these animals can cause people a lot of trouble 59. In which part of the newspaper would you probably find this passage? A. International. B. Travel. C. Environmental. D. Opinion. 60. Which of the animals is the most dangerous according to the writer? A. Vervet monkeys. B. Kea Parrots C. Kangaroos. D. Crizzly Bears.
IV 写作（共三节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完成句子（共 10 小题，每小题 l 分，满分 10 分） 请根据句子的意思和汉语提示完成下列句子，每空只填一个单词。 61. It is such a small problem that it is hardly _______(值得) mentioning. 62. Later on, I _______(后悔) my decision not to take the job. 63. A balanced ________(饮食) and regular exercise are both important for health. 64. We will definitely have it ready by tomorrow, so there's no ___________ (怀疑) about it. 65. He's an __________(活跃的) member of the club and regularly attends its meetings. 66. These mushrooms contain a deadly ___________ (毒). 67. Her voice was ___________ (平静), just loud enough to make it self heard over the crowd. 68. My ________(目标) is to provide humans with a high quality of life. 69. Dan found work on one of the farms ___________ (附近的). 70. It's an expensive investment but it will __________ (有益于)the company in the long run. 第二节 句子翻译（共 5 小题，每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 请根据中文及括号内的提示翻译下列句子。 71．世界淡水资源十分有限，因此我们必须充分利用。 （make use of , resources)
72 ．这是目前为止我所看过的最好的电影中的一部。 （定语从句）
73 ．听了他的话，那个可怜的女孩泪水夺眶而出，冲出门外。 burst , rush out ) （
74 ．我觉得很奇怪他如此少睡眠却能如此努力工作。 find it +adj.＋t hat 引导的宾语从句， （ with )
75 ．不论发生什么事情，我将永远都不会放弃（ No matter ? ）
第三节 写作（共 l 小题，满分 20 分） [写作情景] 你校举行关于“全民健身运动”的英语演讲比赛。请你以" Cycle to keep healthy" 为题写 一份演讲稿，推介体育项目“骑自行车” ( cycling ） 。内容包括： 1 ．好处：有益健康、是便捷的交通方式 ? ? （请你补充 l 一 2 点） ; 2 ．问题：缺少自行车道（ bicycle lane ） 、无处存放 ? （请你补充 1-2 点) 3 ．呼吁政府解决上述问题并号召大家多骑自行车。 【 写作要求 】 1 ．文章的标题和开头已给出，不计入词数； 2 ．文章需包含要点的所有内容，字数约 100 一 120 词。 【 评分标准 】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。
Cycle to keep healthy Hello everyone, I'm here to recommend a popular sport -----cycling.....
2010 学年广州市高中二年级学生学业水平测试英语参考答案 语言知识及应用 第一节 完形填空 第二节 语法填空
写作 第一节 完成句子 请根据句子的意思和汉语提示完成下列句子，每空只填一个单词。
第二节 句子翻译 请根据中文及括号内的提示翻译下列句子。
第三节 写作 Cycle to keep healthy Hello everyone, I'm here to recommend a popular sport-cycling. Cycling brings many different benefits. It's an excellent form of exercise. It's also a great means of transportation, the cheapest and freest available. When you're on your bike you don't have to worry about traffic jams and you're also helping to save our planet. Plus we can enjoy the fresh air and beautiful views. But it's not as easy as it should be to ride to the city. There aren't enough bicycle lanes available for people to ride safely. And drivers don't pay enough attention to cyclists. Even parking your bike is getting more difficult. I really think the government should do more to encourage cycling and solving these problems would be a good start. Thank you.