高一英语必修三 unit 2 词汇学案Ⅰ 学案序号 2---1 总序号（7） 重点单词：balance limit benefit combine curiosity Part 1 自主探究 balance v.___________; n.________________ adj._____________；___________(反义词) 翻译下列句子，确认 balance
的词性和句意。 1. He helped his daughter balance on her bicycle when she learnt it. 2. The actor’s able to balance his work with family life. 3. Dancers need a good sense of balance. 4. Eating a balanced breakfast is important. 5. She had trouble keeping her balance as the boat rocked back and forth. 用法： balance… with…___________________ a sense of balance___________________; keep /lose one’s balance_______________ limit v.___________ n.________________ 翻译下列句子，确认 limit 的词性和句意。 1. I should limit my monthly costs to 1000 yuan. 2. Lisa limits herself to the time of watching TV within 2 hours a day. 3. Visits are limited to 30 minutes. 4. Two drinks are my limit. 5. There is no limit to what you can do if you work hard enough. 用法：limit…to…_____________; be limited to _____________; benefit vt/vi.____________; n._____________; adj._________________ 判断动词 benefit 为及物还是不及物： 1. The new plan may benefit many students. 2. All of actors benefited from the film. 3. He will benefit a lot by the experiences he had. 用法：benefit from___________ 翻译句子体会 benefit 作名词的用法。 She is just now starting to enjoy the benefits of all her hard work. With the benefit of the stranger I found the place. These changes will be of benefit to all of you. 用法：with the benefit of…___________; be of benefit to______________ combine vt/vi.____________; n._____________; 翻译下列句子，确认 combine 的词性和句意。 1. The plan combined your idea with her method. 3. The new company belong to a combine that is made up of two small ones.
总结：combine…with…(be combined with)______________ curiosity n._____________; adj._________________ 翻译下列句子，确认句意和用法。 1. Her natural curiosity led her to ask more questions. 2. He went into the store out of curiosity. 3. The arrival of Tom attracted/ aroused her curiosity. 4. People was naturally curious about its new surroundings. 5. We are curious to know who will be the next in the TV show--- I am a singer. 用法：out of curiosity____________; be curious about___________; be curious to do_______________ Part 2 检测 单选 1. In order to keep nature ________, they tried their best to protect the wild animals and the forests. A. balance B. balancing C. unbalanced D. balanced 2. I must ________ my buying desire, for my money is running out. A. use B. save C. limit D. get 3. Let's________my scientific knowledge with your business skills and start a company. A. combine B.put C. connect D. unite 4. The two schools are to________to form one big new school. A. separate B. mix C. combine D. connect 5. —It snowed heavily last night. —So it did. I think the wheat will________it. A. benefit B. benefit from C. benefit in D. benefit with 6. People have been always _________about exactly how life on earth began. A. excited B. careful C. curious D. anxious 7. We must set a limt________ the expense of the trip. A. to B. on C. for D. with 单词拼写 8. He lost his _____________and hurt himself when going downstairs. 9. This picture book can satisfy children’s___________about nature. 10.A person’s life is ___________, but his love is longlasting. 11. Some good movies ________ education with entertainment. 12. The newly-built park will _________the people living there.
高一英语必修三 unit 2 词汇学案Ⅱ 学案序号 2---2 总序号（8） 重点短语：ought to get away with cut down before long Part 1 自主探究 ought to 翻译句子并总结 ought to 的用法。 1. You ought to get some rest. 2. Children ought not [=should not] run near the pool. 3. You ought to have told him about the news . 用法：ought to 相当于__________, 是_________动词； 后面接__________，否定式为_________; ought to have done_____________；否定式为___________; 汉译英： 我们应该尊重我们的父母。______________________________________. 你本应该跟他道歉。 ______________________________________________. get away with 翻译句子并总结 get away with 的用法。 1. It may rain, but I think I can probably get away with leaving my umbrella at home. 2. She's very rude. I don't know how she gets away with it. 3. If you cheat in the exam you'll never get away with it 4. The policeman stopped her for speeding but let her get away with just a warning. 用法：get away with(意思)____________;没有__________________语态. 猜测句意并归纳 get 词组： 1. It's time to stop delaying and get down to work. 2. How is your daughter getting on in/at school? 3. We get on well enough, but we're not really close friends. 4. You need to get over [=overcome] your fear. get down to ___________; get on (well) with___________;____________ get over ___________ 同学们还能列举出其他的 get 词组吗？像 get off，get in 等 _______________________________________________________________. cut down 翻译句子并总结 cut down 的词意。 1. Most of the tree was dead, so we had to cut it down 2. The machine cuts down the amount of work. 3. Because your article is so long, you’d better cut down the last two
paragraphs. 猜测句意并归纳 cut 的其他词组： 1. We were trying to have a conversation, but she kept cutting in. 2. She suggested he cut down on his drinking. 3. The engine suddenly cut off. 4. I had very long hair, but I cut most of it off. 5. He cut up the candy into little pieces and gave it to the child. 用法：cut in__________________; cut down on_________________ cut off______________;_____________;cut up_____________ before long 通过下列各句，辨析 before long & long before 1. I hope we'll meet again before long. 2. The bus is arriving before long. 3. We expect them to arrive before long. 4. The story had happened long before. 5. I had been there long before. 6. I had waited there long before he arrived. 区 别 ： before long 在 句 中 作 时 间 状 语 ； 意 为 __________, 常 用 于 ___________(时态)。 long before 意为_________,多用于___________(时态)； 但有时 long before 可分开理解，before 用作介词或连词。 long ago 多用于什么时态呢？_________________________________. Part 2 检测 选词填空：cut down/ cut in/ cut up/ cut off ① Don’t _______ so rudely. Let her finish. ② They _________ the tree and_______ it _________ for firewood. ③ After the earthquake water supply has been________. 1. You'll not ________ your homework today if you don't hurry up. A. get off B. get back C. get through D. get in 2. If you go on a healthy diet, you’ll _________ a lot from it. A. receive B. earn C. benefit D. accepet 3. How can he___________ speaking to her like that? A. get away from B. get away with C. get out of D. get out 4. When I got to the cinema, the film had already started; I __________ there earlier. A. ought to get B. must get C. must have got D. ought to have got 翻译： 她很快就能用英语和人交流了。 _______________________________. 在她来这儿很久以前，发生过一次洪水。___________________________.
词汇 1 讲解部分参考答案：1.balance， balance， balanced， unbalanced 平衡。。和。。 。 。；平衡感；保持或失去平衡； 2. limit，limit；限定。。内；被限定在。。 。 。。内 3. benefit；benefit；benefited；从。。中获益；在。 。 。 。的帮助下；对。。有益； 。 4. combine；combine；把。 。和。 。结合起来；又。。结 。 合 5. 好奇心；curious；出于好奇；对。。感到好奇；做。 。 。 。感到好奇； 检测部分参考答案： D；C；A；C; B; C;A; balance;curiosity; limited;combined;benefit 词汇学案Ⅱ参考答案； 1.should；情态动词；动词原形；ought not to；本应该做； ought not to have done；we ought to respect our parents. you ought to have apologized to him. 2.做错事逃过被惩罚；被动；开始认真做。。 。；进展、相 处；克服 3. 砍断；删减；插话；减少。。的量；中断，减掉；切碎 。 4. 不久之后；一般将来时；很久以前；过去完成时；一般过 去时；cut in；cut down；cut up；cut off; C;C; B;D she will talk with others before long. the flood had broken out long before she came here.