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散货租船术语简称大全


散货租船术语简称大全
A bbreviation Meaning AA Always Afloat AAAA Always Accessible Always Afloat AAOSA Always Afloat or Safe Aground. Condition for a vessel whilst in port AARA Amsterdam-Antwerp-R

otterdam Area ABAFT Toward the rear (stern) of the ship. Behind. ABOARD On or within the ship ABOVE DECK On the deck (not over it - see ALOFT) ABT About ADCOM Address Commission ADDENDUM Additional chartering terms at the end of a charter party AFSPS Arrival First Sea Pilot Station (Norway) AFFREIGHTMENT The hiring of a ship in whole or part AFT At or towards the stern or rear of a ship AGROUND Touching or fast to the bottom AGW All Going Well AHL Australian Hold Ladders AIDS TO NAVIGATION Artificial objects to supplement natural landmarks indicating safe and unsafe waters ALOFT Above the deck of the ship AMIDSHIPS In or toward the centre of the ship A/N Arrival Notice - an import document send to the notify party and/or importer's broker containing all necessary arrival info for Customs clearance; normally with freight charges. ANCHORAGE A place suitable for anchorage in relation to the wind, seas and bottom ANTHAM Antwerp-Hamburg Range APS Arrival Pilot Station ARAG Amsterdam-Rotterdam--Antwerp-Gent Range ARBITRATION Method of settling disputes which is usually binding on parties. A clause usually in a charter party A/S Alongside ASBA American Shipbrokers Association ASN Advance Shipment Notice ASPW Any Safe Port in the World ASTERN In the back of the ship, opposite of ahead ATA Actual time of arrival ATD Actual time of departure ATDNSHINC Any Time Day/Night Sundays and Holidays Included ATFI ATFI ATHWARTSHIPS At right angles to the centreline of the ship ATUTC Actual Times Used to Count AWB Air waybill BACKLETTER Where a seller/shipper issues a 'letter of indemnity' in favour of the carrier in

exchange for a clean bill of lading BAF Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount, reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers. BALE CAP. Cubic capacity of a vessels holds to carry packaged dry cargo such as bales/pallets BALLAST Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo BALLAST BONUS Compensation for relatively long ballast voyage BAREBOAT CHTR. Bareboat Charter - Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only. Charterers take over all responsibility for the operation of the vessel and expenses for the duration. BBB Before Breaking Bulk. Refers to freight payments that must be received before discharge of a vessel commences BDI Both Dates Inclusive BEAM The maximum breadth or the greatest width of a ship BELOW Beneath the deck BENDS Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports) BI Both Inclusive BIMCO The Baltic and International Maritime Council BL Bale B/L (Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a Contract of Affreightment, a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo. BM Beam BN Booking Note BOB Bunker on Board BOFFER Best Offer BOW The forward part of a ship BROB Bunkers Remaining on Board BROKERAGE Percentage of freight payable to broker (by owners in c/p's) or applicable to sale or purchase BSS Basis BSS 1/1 Basis 1 Port to 1 Port BT Berth Terms BULKHEAD A vertical partition separating compartments BUNDLING This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is relevant to items such as Structural Steel, Handrails, Stairways etc. Whilst this is a very flexible description, a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 tonne) fork lift. BUNKERS Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers) BUOY An anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring BWAD Brackish Water Arrival Draft CAF Currency Adjustment Factor. A fee applied to the shipping costs to compensate for exchange rate fluctuations. CBM Cubic Metres

CBFT(or CFT) Cubic Feet CFR(or C&F) Cost and Freight CHART A map used by navigators CHOPT Charterers Option CHTRS Charterers CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge. CKD Completely knocked down COA Contract of Affreightment - Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue tonne for cargo carried on a specific number of voyages. CIP Carriage and Insurance paid to... C.O. Certificate of Origin - a signed statement from a semiofficial organization certifying the origin of an export item, required by certain nations. COACP Contract of Affreightment Charter Party COB Closing of Business COBLDN Closing of Business London COD Cash On Delivery COGSA Carriage of Goods by Sea Act CONGESTION Port/berth delays CONS Consumption CNEE CONSIGNEE. Name of agent, company or person receiving consignment COP Custom Of Port CP (or C/P) Charter Party CPD Charterers Pay Dues CPT Carriage Paid To CQD Customary Quick Despatch CR Current Rate CROB Cargo Remaining on Board CRN Crane CRT Cargo Retention Clauses, introduced by charterers based on shortage of delivered cargo because of increased oil prices CST Centistoke CTR Container Fitted DA Disbursement Account DAF Deliver At Frontier DAPS Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging) DAMFORDET Damages for Detention. Penalty if cargo is not ready when ship arrives for working (1st day of Laycan). This is not detention which is charged for ships time on delay. If the cargo is ready there is no DAMFORDET. DDU Delivered Duty unpaid. DDP Delivered Duty Paid. DECK A permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part thereof DEM Demurrage (Quay Rent). Money paid by the shipper for the occupying port space beyond a specified "Free Time" period. DEQ Delivered Ex Quay

DES Delivered Ex Ship DESP Despatch. Time saved, reward for quick turnaround- in dry cargo only DET Detention (See DAMFORDET) DEV Deviation. Vessel departure from specified voyage course DFRT Deadfreight. Space booked by shipper or charterer on a vessel but not used DHDATSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on All Time Saved Both Ends DHDWTSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends DISCH Discharge DK Deck DLOSP Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway) DO Diesel Oil DOLSP Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway) DOP Dropping Outward Pilot DOT Department of Transport DNRCAOSLONL Discountless and Non-Returnable Cargo and/or Ship Lost or Not Lost DRAUGHT (or DRAFT) Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying. DRK Derrick DUNNAGE Materials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the tynes of a fork lift truck may be inserted. DWAT (or DWT) Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement. EBB A receeding current EC East Coast EIU Even If Used ELVENT Electric Ventilation ETA Estimated Time of Arrival - the projected date and time a shipment is scheduled to arrive at its destination. ETC Estimated Time of Completion ETD Estimated Time of Departure - the projected date and time a shipment is scheduled to depart from the port/airport of origin. ETS Estimated Time of Sailing EXW Ex Works FAC Fast as can FAS Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading FCA Free to Carrier. A modern equivalent of FAS used in intermodal transport where goods are transferred at a nominated forwarders premises, depot or terminal but not actually on board vessel. FCL Full Container Load - a container that is fully loaded by cargo, occupying all space, or loaded to the maximum permissable weight. It can contain cargo from multiple shippers, but normally is consigned to the same consignee. The shipment is expected to be delivered to the consignee

with the shipper's seal intact. FD (FDIS) Free Discharge FDD Freight Demurrage Deadfreight FDESP Free Despatch FDEDANRSAOCLONL Freight Deemed Earned, Discountless And Non-Returnable (Refundable) Ship And Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost FENDER A cushion, placed between ships, or between a ship and a pier, to prevent damage FEU Standard 40’ Container, forty-foot equivalent unit, a standard size intermodal container. FHEX Fridays/Holidays Excluded FHINC Fridays/Holidays Included FILO Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which the shipper pays load costs and the carrier pays for discharge costs. FIO Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the seafreight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo. FIOS Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but excludes stowage costs. FIOST Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming. FIOT Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of bulk cargoes. FIOS includes seafreight, but excludes loading/discharging and stowage costs. FIT Free In Trimmed FIW Free In Wagon FIXING Chartering a Vessel FIXTURE Conclusion of shipbrokers negotiations to charter a ship - an agreement FLATPACKING Cargo to be presented stacked and secured as an integral unit. FLT Full Liner Terms FMC Federal Maritime Commission FME Force Majeure Excepted FMS Fathoms FO For Orders FO(IFO) Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO FO Free Out FOB Free on Board. Seller sees the goods "over the ship’s rail" on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer FOFFER Firm Offer FOG For Our Guidance FOQ Free On Quay FOR Free On Rail FORCE MAJEURE Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers of cargo. FORE-AND-AFT In a line parallel to the keel FORWARD Toward the bow of the ship FOT Free On Truck FOW First Open Water FOW Free On Wharf FP Free Pratique. Clearance by the Health Authorities

FR First Refusal. First attempt at best offer that can be matched FREEBOARD The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale FRT Freight. Money payable on delivery of cargo in a mercantile condition FREE DESPATCH If loading/discharging achieved sooner than agreed, there will be no freight money returned. FREE EXINS Free of any Extra Insurance (Owners) FREE OUT Free of discharge costs to owners. Includes seafreight only. FRUSTRATION Charterers when cancelling agreement sometimes quote 'doctrine of frustration' i.e. vessel is lost, extensive delays. FWAD Fresh Water Arrival Draft FWDD Fresh Water Departure Draft FYG For Your Guidance FYI For Your Information GA General Average GEAR A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment GLS (GLESS) Gearless GNCN Gencon (GENERAL CONDITIONS) GN (or GR) Grain (Capacity) GO Gas Oil GP Grain Capacity. Cubic capacity in 'grain' GR Geographical Rotation. Ports in order of calling GRD Geared GRI General Rate Increase. Used to describe an across-the-board tariff rate increase implemented by conference members and applied to base rates. GRT Gross Registered Tonnage GSB Good, Safe Berth GSP Good, Safe Port GTEE Guarantee GUNWALE The upper edge of a ship's sides 2H Second Half HA Hatch HAGUE RULES Code of minimum conditions for the carriage of cargo under a Bill of Lading HATCH An opening in a ship's deck fitted with a watertight cover HBF Harmless Bulk Fertilizer HDLTSBENDS Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends HDWTS Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved HHDW Handy Heavy d.w. (Scrap) HIRE T/C Remuneration HMS Heavy Metal Scraps HO Hold HOLD A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo HULL The main body of a ship HW High Water ICW Intercoastal Waterway : bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and

Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code IMO International Maritime Organisation IN &/OR OVER Goods carried below and/or on deck INCOTERMS (Refer to comments in covering statement on front page A-F) IND Indication INTERMODAL Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey ITF International Transport Workers Federation (Trade Unions). Complies on crewing ISPS International Ships and Port Security System ITINERARY Route.Schedule IU If Used IUHTAUTC If Used, Half Time Actually To Count IWL Institute Warranty Limits KEEL The centreline of a ship running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel KNOT A measurement of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour LANE METER A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width. LASH To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc. LAT Latitude. The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees. LAYCAN Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date) LAYTIME Time at Charterers disposal for purpose of loading/discharging L/C Letter of Credit LCL Less than Container Load - a shipment that takes up only a portion of a consolidated container. LCL shpts are to be picked up at a CFS only, whereas FCL are to be picked up at a container yard/terminal. LCR Lowest Current Rate LEE The side sheltered from the wind LEEWARD The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward LEEWAY The sideways movement of the ship caused by either wind or current LF Load Factor. Percentage of cargo or passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons carried on a vessel of 10,000 capacity has a load factor of 40% LIEN Retention of property until outstanding debt is paid LNG Liquefied Natural Gas LOA Length Overall of the vessel LOAD LINE See PLIMSOLL LINE LOF Lloyds Open Form LOG A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed LOI Letter of Indemnity LONGITUDE The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England LOW Last Open Water LS (or LUMPS) Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo LSD Lashed Secured Dunnaged

LT Liner Terms LT Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs) LTHH Liner Terms Hook/Hook LW Low Water LYCN Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date) MANIFEST Inventory of cargo on board MB Merchant Broker MDO (DO) Marine Diesel Oil MIDSHIP Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern MIN/MAX Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity) MOA Memorandum of Agreement MOLCHOPT More or Less Charterers Option MOLOO More or Less Owners Option MOORING An arrangement for securing a ship to a mooring buoy or pier MT Mertic Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos) M/V Motor Vessel / Merchant Vessel NAABSA Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground NM Nautical Mile. One minute of latitude; approximately 6,076 feet - about 1/8 longer than the statute mile of 5,280 feet NAVIGATION The art and science of conducting a ship safely from one point to another NCB National Cargo Bureau NESTING Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates. This is particularly relevant in the presentation of tankage strakes for transport NON-REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed. NOR Notice of Readiness NRT Net Restricted Tonnage NYPE New York Produce Exchange OO Owners Option OBO Ore/Bulk/Oil Vessel OSH Open Shelter Deck OVERBOARD Over the side or out of the ship OWS Owners P&I Protection and Indemnity Insurance PASTUS Past Us PC Period of Charter PCGO Part Cargo PCT Percent PDPR Per Day Pro Rata PERDIEM By the Day PER SE By Itself PHPD Per Hatch Per Day PLIMSOLL MARK

alt. PLIMSOLL LINE alt. LOAD LINE An internationally recognised line painted on the side of merchant ships. When a ship is loaded, the water level is not supposed to go above the line. Water can reach different parts of the line as its temperature and saltiness varies with the season and location. From where Plimsoll Shipping derived its name. PORT The left side of a ship looking forward. A harbour. PRATIQUE Licence or permission to use a port PREAMBLE Introduction to a charter party PROFORMA Estimated Account PUS Plus Us PWWD Per Weather Working Day RCVR Receiver RECAP Recapitulation of the terms and conditions agreed REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations. ROB Remaining On Board RT Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate. SATPM Saturday P.M. SB Safe Berth SD (or SID) Single Decker SEAFREIGHT Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only SEAWORTHINESS Statement of condition of the vessel (valid certificates, fully equipped and manned etc.) SELFD Self Discharging SEMI-TRAILERS Are usually 12.0 meter flat bed road trailers SF Stowage Factor. Cubic space (measurement tonne) occupied by one tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo SHINC Sundays/Holidays Included SHEX Sundays/Holidays Excluded SHPR Shipper - the party in whose name a contract of carriage of goods has been concluded with at carrier or any party by whom, in whose name or on whose behalf the goods are actually delivered to the carrier in relation to the contract of carriage. SKIDS Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under the cargo to enable forklift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship. SN Satellite Navigation - A form of position finding using radio transmissions from satellites with sophisticated on-board automatic equipment SOC Shipper Owned Container SOF Statement of Facts SP Safe Port

SPIDERING Is the strengthening of circular tanks for transport, this prevents the tanks from becoming warped. The tanks are strengthened with steel or wood crossbeams giving a "spider" appearance SRBL Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading SSHEX Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded SSHINC (or SATSHINC) Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included STABILITY It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all aspects at all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel. STARBOARD Right side of a ship when facing the front or forward end. STEM Subject to Enough Merchandise (Availability of cargo). Also, the forward most part of the bow. STERN The aformost or after part of a ship SUB Subject (to). Depending upon as a condition SUPERCARGO Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain. SWAD Salt Water Arrival Draft SWDD Salt Water Departure Draft THWARTSHIPS At right angles to the centreline of the ship TIDE The periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans TIME BAR Time after which legal claims will not be entered TBN To Be Named / To Be Nominated TC Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time and provide technical management, crewing etc. TCP Time Charter Party TEU Standard 20' Container, twenty-foot equivalent unit, a standard size intermodal container. TOPSIDES The sides of a ship between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck T/S Transhipment - a shipping arrangement in which a shipment is discharged of the vessel at an intermediate port enroute and subsequently reloaded to another vessel for carriage to its final destinationl TRIM Fore and aft balance of a ship TTL Total TW Tween Decker USC Unless Sooner Commenced UU Unless Used UUIWCTAUTC Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count VPD Vessel Pays Dues WATERLINE A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a ship sinks when it is properly trimmed WAY Movement of a ship through water such as headway, sternway or leeway WCCON Whether Customs Cleared Or Not WIBON Whether In Berth Or Not WIFPON Whether In Free Pratique Or Not

WINDWARD Toward the direction from which the wind is coming WIPON Whether In Port Or Not WLTOHC Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming WOG Without Guarantee WP Weather Permitting. That time during which weather prevents working shall not count as laytime WPD Weather Permitting Day WWD Weather Working Day WRIC Wire Rods In Collis WWR When, Where Ready WWWW Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon YAR York Antwerp Rules YAW To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea Z UTC = GMT


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