A) 听下面 10 段对话，每段对话后有一小题。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题，每段对话读两遍。（每小题 1 分）
1.What is the boy going to buy ? A.Some juic
e. B.Some oranges. C.Some apples. 2.When did Gary start his new job? A.In March. B.In April. C.In Mary. 3.Who has brown hair? A.Anna‘s father. B.Anna‘s mother. C.Anna‘s brother. 4. Why would the man like no more cakes? A.Because he is full. B.Because he doesn‘t like cakes. C.Because he wants to eat some bread. 5.Where will the beach party be ? A.By the trees. B.By the boats. C.At the coffee shop. 6.What are they talking about? A.Buying a birthday present. B.Learning English. C.Having a birthday party. 7.Where does this dialogue probably happen? A.In a clothes shop. B.In a restaurant. C. In a tea house. 8.What colour was Kathy‘s bedroom? A.Green. B.Blue. C.Yellow. 9.What does the woman mean? A.The man should stop smoking. B.The man should stop drinking coffee. C.Drinking coffee is better than smoking. 10.What can we learn from the dialogue? A.The girl has finished her science homework. B.The boy has finished his maths homework. C.The boy has finished his English exercises. B) 听下面三段对话，听完每段对话后回答第 11-13 小题；听完第二段对话后回答第 14-16 小题；听完第三段对话后回答第 17-20 小题。听每段对话前你都有 40 秒钟的时间阅读各小 题。每段对话读两遍。（每小题 1 分） Dialogue 1 11.How many classes for beginners are there in a week? A.One. B. Two. C.Three. 12.What time is the evening class over? A.At 7:30. B.At 8:30. C.At 9:30. 13.When will Judy probably have her piano lessons? A.On Tuesday morning. B.On Tuesday evening. C.On Wednesday evening. Dialogue 2 14.How does Steven usually go to London? A.By train. B.By bus. C.By taxi.
15.How much does a travel card for a year cost? A.Sixteen pounds. B.Thirty-two pounds. C.Sixty pounds. 16.Which of the following is true? A.Steven can‘t buy cheap train tickets. B.Lily needs two photos to get a travel card. C. Lily must show her ID card to get a travel card. Dialogue 3 17.What‘s the most probable relationship between the speakers? A.Friends. B.Husband and wife. C.Father and daughter. 18.When will the man probably go to Manchester? A.In January. B.In July. C.In October. 19.What will the man take to the woman? A.A raincoat. B.Some food. C.Some fruit. 20.What can we learn from the dialogue? A.The man will study English in Manchester. B.The weather will always be fine in Manchester next month. C.The man will go to Manchester by bus from the airport. C) 听下面一段短文，然后根据短文内容回答第 21-25 小题。听短文前你都有 50 秒钟的时间 阅读各小题。短文读两遍。（每小题 1 分） 21.How long will the group Red River stay in London? A.For about a week. B.For half a month. C.For about 3 weeks. 22.What‘s the telephone number? A.283-0665. B.238-6005. C.283-0065. 23.Where will the concerts be? A.In Drinaty Street. B.In the South Bank Hall. C.Near the children‘s hospital. 24.What does the speaker want to tell us? A.Something about London. B.Something about a pop concert. C.Something about the group Red River. 25.Which of the following is true? A.Tickets are quite expensive. B. All of the money will go to a children‘s hospital. C. You can elephone to book tickets at 10:00 p.m. Test 2 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 请听下面 5 段对话，选出最佳选项。 1. What does the woman mean? A. She doesn't know Mike. B. Mike is no longer her good friend. C. Mike is now her good friend. 2. Why is the woman worried? A. She can't find her child. B. She lost her cellphone. C. She missed her bus. 3. What will the woman do? A. She will help put out the fire. B. She will look for a doctor.
C. She will call the police. 4. When was the piano bought? A. Last month. B. Last year. 5. Why won't the two speakers go to the film? A. It is going to rain. B. The film is not interesting. C. The woman is too tired. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where are the two speakers? A. At the railway station. B. At a hotel. 7. What does the man want to do? A. He wants to have a talk with the woman. B. He wants to sit for a rest. C. He wants to buy some fruit. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where is the woman going? A. Her office. B. Her school. 9. What is the woman worried about? A. That she will be late for school. B. That she will miss her plane. C. That she won't be able to catch her train. 10. When does the driver think they will get there? A. At about 9:50. B. At about 10:15. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What did the two speakers do yesterday afternoon? A. They went to see a film. B. They had a football match. C. They watched a football match. 12. What happened to the woman yesterday afternoon'? A. She fell off her bike. B. She lost her bike. 13. When did the match begin? A. At 3:00 pm. B. At 2:30 pm. 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What's the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Doctor and patient. 15. Who is going to have a birthday party? A. Mr. Green. B. Mr. Smith. 16. Whom will the woman go to the party with? A. Her sister. B. Her brother. 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What does Santa Claus do on Christmas Eve?
C. Last week.
C. In an office.
C. The airport.
C. At about 9:45.
C. She hurt her arms. C. At 3:20 pm.
C. Friends. C. Mrs. Smith. C. Her husband.
A. He gives money to poor people. B. He brings gifts to children. C. He helps people with their housework. 18. How is Santa Claus usually dressed? A. In red. B. In black. C. In white. 19. What do we know about Saint Nicholas? A. He lived in Britain. B. He was from a poor family. C. He wanted to help poor people. 20. Why did Nicholas climb onto the roof to give money to poor people? A. He didn‘t want people to know about it. B. His father didn't want him to help others. C. He wanted to show his ability to fly.
A) 听下面 10 段对话，每段对话后有一小题。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题，每段对话读两遍。（每小题 1 分）
1.What is the boy going to buy ? A.Some juice. B.Some oranges. C.Some apples. 2.When did Gary start his new job? A.In March. B.In April. C.In Mary. 3.Who has brown hair? A.Anna‘s father. B.Anna‘s mother. C.Anna‘s brother. 4. Why would the man like no more cakes? A.Because he is full. B.Because he doesn‘t like cakes. C.Because he wants to eat some bread. 5.Where will the beach party be ? A.By the trees. B.By the boats. C.At the coffee shop. 6.What are they talking about? A.Buying a birthday present. B.Learning English. C.Having a birthday party. 7.Where does this dialogue probably happen? A.In a clothes shop. B.In a restaurant. C. In a tea house. 8.What colour was Kathy‘s bedroom? A.Green. B.Blue. C.Yellow. 9.What does the woman mean? A.The man should stop smoking. B.The man should stop drinking coffee. C.Drinking coffee is better than smoking. 10.What can we learn from the dialogue? A.The girl has finished her science homework. B.The boy has finished his maths homework. C.The boy has finished his English exercises. B) 听下面三段对话，听完每段对话后回答第 11-13 小题；听完第二段对话后回答第 14-16 小题；听完第三段对话后回答第 17-20 小题。听每段对话前你都有 40 秒钟的时间阅读各 小题。每段对话读两遍。（每小题 1 分） Dialogue 1 11.How many classes for beginners are there in a week?
A.One. B. Two. C.Three. 12.What time is the evening class over? A.At 7:30. B.At 8:30. C.At 9:30. 13.When will Judy probably have her piano lessons? A.On Tuesday morning. B.On Tuesday evening. C.On Wednesday evening. Dialogue 2 14.How does Steven usually go to London? A.By train. B.By bus. C.By taxi. 15.How much does a travel card for a year cost? A.Sixteen pounds. B.Thirty-two pounds. C.Sixty pounds. 16.Which of the following is true? A.Steven can‘t buy cheap train tickets. B.Lily needs two photos to get a travel card. C. Lily must show her ID card to get a travel card. Dialogue 3 17.What‘s the most probable relationship between the speakers? A.Friends. B.Husband and wife. C.Father and daughter. 18.When will the man probably go to Manchester? A.In January. B.In July. C.In October. 19.What will the man take to the woman? A.A raincoat. B.Some food. C.Some fruit. 20.What can we learn from the dialogue? A.The man will study English in Manchester. B.The weather will always be fine in Manchester next month. C.The man will go to Manchester by bus from the airport. C) 听下面一段短文，然后根据短文内容回答第 21-25 小题。听短文前你都有 50 秒钟的时间 阅读各小题。短文读两遍。（每小题 1 分） 21.How long will the group Red River stay in London? A.For about a week. B.For half a month. C.For about 3 weeks. 22.What‘s the telephone number? A.283-0665. B.238-6005. C.283-0065. 23.Where will the concerts be? A.In Drinaty Street. B.In the South Bank Hall. C.Near the children‘s hospital. 24.What does the speaker want to tell us? A.Something about London. B.Something about a pop concert. C.Something about the group Red River. 25.Which of the following is true? A.Tickets are quite expensive. B. All of the money will go to a children‘s hospital. C. You can elephone to book tickets at 10:00 p.m.
第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 7．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What did the man do this morning? A. He attended a meeting. B. He flew to London. C. He met his aunt at the airport.
2. How much will the woman pay? A. Eight yuan. B. Six yuan. C. Four yuan. 3. What will they have for supper? A. Chicken soup. B. Fried chicken and some soup. C. Tomato and some soup. 4. What will the girl do tomorrow? A. Write a composition. B. Go to a concert. C. Have some classes. 5. What do we know about the boy? A. He's clever. B. He's stupid. C. He's dishonest 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前， 你将有时间阅读各小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What can you NOT find in the shop? A. Cigarettes. B. Toy cars. C. Picture books. 7. What time can you shop there on Sunday? A. At 8 am. B. At 6 pm. C. At 7:30 pm. 8. How much will the woman get for the first month' s work if she's good enough? A. 1,600 dollars. B. 1,800 dollars. C. 2,400 dollars. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Who will go to Australia?' A. Mary. B. Mr White. C. Mr Smith and his wife. 10. How much will the woman pay if she learns two hours a day? A. 35 dollars. B. 70 dollars. C. 45 dollars. 11. When does the conversation take place? A. In the morning. B. In the afternoon. C. In the evening. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. How many subjects is the boy good at? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. 13. Why can' t the boy remember English words? A. Because he seldom writes them. B. Because he seldom reads them. C. Because he tries to remember too many words in one day. 14. When can the boy borrow grammar books from the girl? A. On Friday. B. On Saturday. C. On Sunday. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. How many kinds of vegetables can you find on the farm now? A. Four. B. Six. C. Eight.
16. How long do the workers usually work every day'? A. At most 5 hours. B. At least 7 hours. C. At most 8 hours. 17. Who takes the vegetables to the markets'? A. Some of the man's workers. B. People from the markets. C. The man himself. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. How many old people has Dr Smith studied ? A. More than 20. B. Over 100. C. Five. 19. What will the old people do if something makes them angry'? A. They will do some exercise. B. They try to forget about it. C. They try to eat something nice. 20. What is the fourth piece of advice mentioned in Dr Smith' s article? A. Never worry too much. B. Never get angry. C. Do things like those old people.
第一节： （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍 1．What are the two speakers going to buy? A．Bread． B．Cheese. C．Eggs. 2．How does the woman find the fish? A．Just so-so. B．Bad． C．Quite good. 3．What does the woman mean? A．Mark should go on with the game. B．Mark should draw pictures on the computer. C．Mark should review his lessons. 4．Where does the conversation take place? A．In the bookstore. B．In the library. C．In the classroom. 5．Why doesn‘t like chocolate cake? A．She doesn‘t like chocolate. B．She has trouble with her tooth. C．She has no tooth. 第二节：听力理解(共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6-7 题。 6．In which department can this conversation most probably take place? A．Shoe Department. B．Clothing Department. C．Jewelry Department. 7．What could be the reason if the woman does not buy the overcoat? A．The color. B．The size. C．The price. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8—10 题 8．What can the woman be? A．A waitress at a hotel B．The secretary of Mr. Black C．The assistant of Professor Green. 9．How could the man get in touch with Mr. Green? A．Ask the woman to find the Blackwood Hotel. B．Dial 809. C．Dial 114 to find the telephone number of the Blackwood Hotel. 10．Why did the man ask the woman to change the dollar? A．To pay for the information. B．To make a phone call. C．To go to the hotel by bus. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 11—14 题 11．What is the man doing? A．Selling his house. B．Looking for a house. C．Looking for work. 12．How long has the woman lived in the house? A．19 years. B．8 years. C．20 years. 13．Why does the woman want to sell the house? A．She wants to move abroad. B．She wants to move to the countryside. C．She hopes to get a lot of money. 14．How much does the house cost? A．$6,850. B．$6,815. C．$7,850 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 15—17 题 15．What‘s the probable relationship between the two speakers? A．Friends. B．Strangers. C．Husband and wife 16．How did the woman find her stay there? A．Boring B．Wonderful C．Adventurous 17．What does the man advise the woman to do when she gets home? A．Send him an email. B．Write a letter to him. C．Give him a call. 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 18—20 题. 18．How old was Rose when she left school? A．16. B．17. C．18 19．What did Rose learn in the college? A．Computer. B．English. C．Typing. 20．How much will the office pay Rose in three months if she gets the job?
The ideals which have lighted my way and time after time have given me new courage to face life cheerfully 19 have been kindness, beauty and truth. (Albert Einstein, American scientist) 有些理想曾为我们引过道路 并不断给我新的勇气以欣然面对人生 那些理想就是真、善、美。
引题： 桃李盛时虽寂寞，雪霜多后始青葱。 一年几变枯荣事，百尺方资柱石功。
PART 1 1.Go back home now, Mary. Your parents are ____your safety,
A concerned about B concerned with C concerned in D concerned of 2. You just go ahead,___ us and work out whatever seems important to you. A miss B lose C ignore D see 3.The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks,____that he had enjoyed his stay here. A having added B to add C adding D added 4.Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future ______to the well-educated. A. belongs B. is belonged C. is belonging D. will be belonged 5.Much ____by the story of Cong Fei,I also determined to be a volunteer worker. A affected B appreciated C admired D effected 6.Who do you think for the accident?? A to blame B to be blamed? C is to be blamed D is to blame 7. In a way I can see what you mean, even though I don‘t your point of view. A. permit B. recognize C. agree D. share 8. Before they are put into practice, we have to ___ all the details of the project plan. A. go through B. cut through C. get through D. put through 9 You have no idea what I've had to __ during the last few months. A. come through B. go through C. cut through D. look through 10 The role that our army ____in flood control is important. A. made B. acted C. played D. did 11 He _____ the bag, but saw nothing in it. A. looked through B. looked into C. looked out of D. looked up 12.Marry has been fortunate to find a job she loves and, ___, she gets well paid for it. A. sooner or later B. besides C. as a result D. more or less 13. ____the watch ___and see if something is wrong with it. A. Take; apart B. Take; out C. Put; apart D. Put ;out 14 You are take anything from the shelf and read, but please ___ the book when you‘ve finished with them A put on B put down
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C put back C put off 15.---The head teacher said we had only three days to finish the project. ---Don‘t worry. We have already ___ two thirds of it. A taken over B made up C got through D given away PART 2 1. Who do you think for the accident?? A to blame B to be blamed? C is to be blamed D is to blame 2.I came here with your mother ________ to see you. A. specially B. special C. especially D. especial 3.Would you please ______ this form for me to see if I‘ve filled it in right? A. take off B. look after C. give up D. go over 4.The captain determined to be with the ship forever and never____ to disappointment even when the ship sank. A. gave off B. gave over C. gave way D. gave up
5.After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane her job as a doctor in the countryside. A.set out B.took over C.took up D.set up 6.Don‘t be so discouraged. If you such feelings, you will do better next time. A.carry on B.get back? C.break down D.put away 7.―Goodbye, then, ‖she said, without even from her book.? A.looking down B.looking up C.looking away D.looking on
8.After the earthquake passed away, all the villages and towns were____. And no being was seen. A. in ruin B. in ruins C. at ruins D. for ruin 9. The terrible earthquake ____ the whole city, which caused a heavy loss to the local people. A. injured B. hurt C. destroyed D. buried 10. Many shelters were_____for the homeless people. A. set up B. taken up C. sat up D. built up 11. —Have you some new ideas?? —Yeah. I‘ll tell you later. ? A.come about B.come into?
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C.come up with D.come out with 12. He and his wife are of the same____; they both want their son to go to college. A soul B. spirit C. heart D. mind 13..I can‘t say which wine is best---it‘s a(n)___of personal taste A affair B event C matter D variety 14..On Christmas Day New York City holds an outdoor___ which attracts a crowd of millions of people. A incident B event C case D affair 15.Mary made coffee___ her guests were finishing their meal. A so that B although C while D as if
PART 1 1. Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future ______to the well-educated. A. belongs B. is belonged C. is belonging D. will be belonged 2. The mother said that she would buy a gift for her daughter with the______. A. 20 dollars remained B. 20 dollars to remain C. remained 20 dollars D. remaining 20 dollars 3. Some of the books _____ me, while the rest are his and hers. A. belonged to B. are belonged to C. belonging to D. belong to 4. At that time, China was _____ Japan, so going abroad was extremely difficult. A. at the war with B. at the war against C. at war with D. during the war with 5. The reference book, mainly ______ use in colleges, is a bestseller this year. A. designed for B. designed to C. designing of D. designing for 6._____ his immediate help with my sick daughter, I treated him in an expensive restaurant. A. In return for B. Because of C. Thanks to D. In case of 7.Marry has been fortunate to find a job she loves and, ___, she gets well paid for it. A. sooner or later B. besides C. as a result D. more or less 8.. He hasn‘t slept at all for three days. ____he is tired out. A. There is no wonder B. There is no need C. It is no wonder D. It is no way
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9. She wanted to use the ____money to buy her husband a present for the coming Christmas. A. remained B. remaining C. leaving D. left 10. What do you advice for____ the dirty mark from my bag? A. removing B. moving C. getting D. bringing 11.The farm which ___in the earthquake last year____. A. destroyed; was belonged to my uncle. B. destroyed; belonged to my uncle C. was destroyed; belonged to my uncle D. was destroyed; was belonged to my uncle. 12. If you give me your photo, I‘ll give you mine_____. A. on turn B. by return C. in return D. by turns 13. We can‘t ____ other countries in the world if we don‘t improve our own national economy. A. be against B. compete against C. catch up D. catch with 14. Mike is not here today. Who can ____ him in our football match? A. replace B. take place C. instead of D. in the place of 15. As he was too young he was not ______ the concert club. A. admitted into B. asked for C. taken along with D. brought with PART 2 1. The games which the young man were difficult to play. A. take part in B. competed C. joined D. joined in 2. The exciting golf made them excited. A. sport B. games C. race D. match 3. She____Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely. A. picked out B. made out C. made up D. picked up 4. Children under7 are not_____to school except those of extraordinary intelligence. A. permitted B. received C. accepted D. admitted 5. Of all the total number of Chinese people____winter sports, the percentage of snowboarders is higher than in any other country. A. joining B. taking a part in C. attending D. participating in 6. Several companies are_____ the contract.
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A. competing B. competing for C. competed for D. competed with 7. Mr.Pattis____me to come, but he hasn‘t arrived yet. A. allowed B. promised C. agreed D. invited 8.How do you a car accident when is happens? A. do about B. do with C. deal with D. deal about 9. He me to come, but hasn‘t come yet. A. wanted B. allowed C. promised D. let 10.I thought that the patient could not live through that night, but he survived____. A. at all B. after all C. above all D. in turn 11. This kind of food product is natural, with no_____flavours added. A. accurate B. regular C. sensitive D. artificial 12. They have a lot in _____and have become close friends. A. common B. usual C. ordinary D. general 13. They began to think about what use could be____such material. A. made up B. made from C. made of D. made into 14. He decided to ______for the new position after he took everything into consideration. A.apply B. afford C. offer D. find 15 He came to my class every week, but his attitude ______ that he was not really interested in it. A. described B. expressed C. suggested D. explained
Unit 1 1. In order to save the animals out of danger, they ____ a special place for them to live freely. A. set free B.. set off C. set out D. set up 2.–Thanks for ____ me of the meeting this morning. --You‘re welcome. A. advising B. suggesting C. reminding D. telling 3.Too much work and too little rest often ____ illness. A. brings in B. gives in
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C. leads to D. owes to 4. I am surprised that you should have been fooled by such a simple ____. A. role B. deal C. test D. trick 5. The most serious problem ____ the new government is how to supply more job opportunities. A.faced B. facing C. to face to D. facing to 6.This memorial was built____ those heroes who laid down their lives for the liberation of the poor people. A. in memory of B. to remember C. for the memory of D. to the memory of 7.We‘re going to _______ with some friends for a picnic. Would you like to join us ? A.get in B.get over C.get along D.get together 8.If you cheat in the exam, you could hardly _________ it. A. throw away B. get away C. get away from D. get away with 9. I know he hasn‘t finished the work, but _________, he has done his best. A. at all B. in all C. after all D. above all 10. I don‘t know how he managed to________cheating in the exam. A.get away with B.get away from C.get out of D.get behind with 11. My mother bought a new skirt for me at a ________ yesterday． A.discount B.bargain C.pay D.cost 12 Sometimes she‘d ask the driver to stop in front of a particular building and would sit ________ into the darkness, saying nothing. A. staring B. glaring C. watching D. noticing 13After going into the concert hall, the mother ________ a friend and went over to greet him. A. searched B. knew C. spotted D. realized 14. — Did you plan to meet here? — No, we met ________. A. by mistake B. by accident C. by the way D. with chance 15.— Mum, hurry up. We‘ll be late. — I will be through in a minute. Have a little ________. A. time B. patience C. custom D. presence 16.— Do you know why the teacher asks for me? — He wants you to ________ your absence last night. A. account for B. call for
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C. reach for D. send for 17.Great changes ___in China in the past 20 years. A. took place B. have taken place C. were taken place D. have been taken place 18. I‘m preparing the report for tomorrow‘s meeting. Would you please ___the radio a little? A. turn on B. turn off C. turn up D. turn down 19..We invited her to dinner but she didn‘t even bother to ____. A. turn in B. turn up C. turn on D. turn down 20.The police are offering a $ 60,000 ___for information about the killer. A. price B. prize C. award D. reward 21.Be careful! The slightest spark could _____the fireworks. A. set about B. set off C. set out D. set up
22.We had a party to ________mother‘s silver wedding.
A. congratulate C. win A．say; about C．tell; with A. trick C. way B. celebrate D. defend B．remind; of D．remind; / B. feast D. means
23.The photos ________ me ________ what we did together during our holidays.
24.The information was a________to make us fall into the enemy‘s trap.
25.All of the guests had arrived by 9 o'clock，but the host didn't ________ until 15 minutes later.
A.turn down C.turn up B.turn in D.turn out
题引：人间二月芳菲尽，山寺桃花始盛开。长恨春归无觅处，不知转入此中来！ 本讲目标：1，增强对高中语法的感性认识和理性认识；2，高中语法题的分项 - 16 -
1． ------ Waiter! ------________ ------ I can't eat this. It's too salty. (NMET 2000) A. Yes, sir? B. What? C. All right? D. Pardon? 2．------ Thank you ever so much for the book you sent me. ------________. (1997 上海) A. No thanks B. I'm glad you like it C. Please don't say so D. No, it's not so good 3．------ It's been a wonderful evening. Thank you very much. ------________.(2002 北京) A. My pleasure B. I'm glad to hear that C. No, thanks D. It's OK 4．------ I'm sorry I broke your mirror. ------Oh, really? ________. (NMET 1996) A. It's OK with me B. It doesn't matter C. Don't be sorry D. I don't care 5．------ Sorry, I couldn't come to the party. I was sick that day. ------ ________. (1996 上海) A. I don't know that B. That's all right C. Yes, we'll have another party D. No, the party wasn't held 6．------I'm taking my driving test tomorrow. ------________! (NMET 2002) A. Cheers B. Good luck C. Come on D. Congratulations 7．------ Would you do me a favour and give me a ride? ------________. (1997 上海) A. Yes, that's right B. No trouble C. Never mind D. With pleasure 8．------ What about having a drink? ------________. (NMET 2000) A. Good idea B. Help yourself C. Go ahead , please D. Me, too 9．------ I'd like to invite you to dinner this Saturday, Mr. Smith. ------________. (NMET 1997) A. Oh, no. Let's not B. I'd rather stay at home C. I'm very sorry, but I have other plans
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D. Oh, no. That'll be too much trouble 10．------I wonder if I could use your telephone. ------________. (1996 上海) A. I wonder how B. I don't wonder C. Sorry, it's out of order D. No wonder, here it is 11．------ I don't have any change with me. Will you pay the fare for me? ------________. (2000 上海) A. That's fine B. Nothing serious C. Never mind D. No problem 12．------I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her. ------________. It was her fault. (NMET 2003) A. No way B. Not possible C. No chance D. Not at all 13． ------Hello. May I speak to Zhao Hua? ------Yes. ________. (MET1992) A. My name's Zhao Hao B. I'm Zhao Hua C. This is Zhao Hua speaking D. Zhao Hua's me [C] 14．------ Let me introduce myself, I'm Albert. ------________. (NMET1993) A. What a pleasure B. It's my pleasure C. Pleased to meet you D. I'm very pleased 15．------ You've given us a wonderful Chinese dinner, Mrs. Wang. ------________. (2000 上海) A. Oh, I'm afraid I didn't cook very well B. I'm glad you enjoyed it C. Come again when you are free D. It's not necessary for you to say so 16．------ Hi, haven't seen you for ages! You look fine! ------________. You look well, too.(NMET1994) A. Great B. Thanks C. Oh, no D. Not at all 17．------ My daughter has passed the exam. ------ Congratulations! She's really intelligent. ------________. (1999 上海) A. No, she is nothing B. Oh, thank you C. Sometimes she is intelligent D. You are right 18．------Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard. ------ Why ________? John is sitting there doing nothing. (NMET 2003) A. him B. he C. I D. me 19．------ Do you think it's going to rain over the weekend? ------________. (NMET1994)
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A. I don't believe B. I don't believe it C. I believe not so D. I believe not 20．—— Thanks ______ the lovely party and the delicious food. —— ________. A．you; Never mind B．you; All right C．for; With pleasure D．for; My pleasure 21．—— Will you serve me another coffee? —— ______! Black ____ white? A．With pleasure; or B．My pleasure; and C．It‘s a pleasure; or D．It depends; and 22．―― I‘m afraid I can‘t finish the book within this week. ―― ________. A．That‘s all right B．Take your time C．Take it easy D．Not at all 23.______, and I‘m sure you will find a way out soon. Moreover, you‘ve got lots of ______. A．Take your time; experiences B．Take it easy; experience C．Go ahead; experience D．Believe it or not; experiences 24.―― It will ____ me at least two hours to do this. ―― Oh, ______! I could do it in 20 minutes. A．spend; come on B．take; come on C．cost; don‘t mention it D．take; don‘t mention it. 25．— Excuse me, have you been to Japan? — _______. A．No, I don‘t B．Never C．Sorry, I can‘t D．Don‘t mention it 26．— My name is Jack Smith. ________ — Hi! I‘m Jackson. A．How do you do? B．Nice to meet you again. C．How about you? D．How are you? 27．—Her grandpa passed away yesterday. — ______ . A．How do you like it? B．He was a kind man. C．Sorry to hear that. D．What shall we do? 28．— Shall we go there next Sunday? — ________? — To see the football match. A．What with B．What by C．What for D．What on 29．—Is there anything I can do for you，sir？
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—_____ ． A．Perhaps．Go ahead B．No．Take your time C．Yes．You're welcome D．Not now．Thanks anyway 30．—Everybody says you are a good student，you never fall asleep in class，do you？ —_____ ． A．Yes，sometimes B．No，I did C．Yes，never D．Yes，I didn't 31． —Sorry,I can't go camping with you. I have to prepare well enough for the entrance------exam. —________!We can camp together next time. A．Don't say so B．Congratulations C．Good luck D．No problem 32．—Thank you very much for your wonderful lecture, Mr Bruce! —________. A．It doesn't matter B．Don't mention it C．I'm glad you've enjoyed it D．That's very kind of you to say so 33．She told me she hadn't enjoyed the film, but I decided to go and see it _____. A．after all B．in all C．all the same D．above all 34．—Jenny, I‘d like some coffee for a change. — ______________. It‘s in the cupboard. A．Help yourself B．Never mind C．With pleasure D．Change it, please 35．— I‘m going to travel to Sydney. Would you please tell me about your experiences there? — _____ .Let‘s discuss it over lunch. A．Go ahead B．It just depends C．That‘s wonderful D．By all means 36．—Shall I begin the lecture? —I‘m afraid we have to wait for a while. John is coming with a microphone. — _____ . I can do without the microphone. A．I‘m sorry B．Excuse me C．I beg your pardon D．Never mind 37．—Tom, would you like to come to our dinner party? — _____. A．Yes, I would B．Sure, it‘s my pleasure C．No, I can‘t come D．Yes, with pleasure 38．—Will he be back by ten tonight? —No, _____. A．I think not so B．I‘m not afraid C．I‘m afraid not D．I don‘t hope so
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39.—Can I buy you a drink? —__________. A．I think not so B．I‘m not afraid C．I‘m afraid not D．Actually I'd rather have the money. 40. —Can I have your name? —_______. A．Yes, I would have B．Why? Don't you already have one? C．You are a stranger D. Of course. I am Jim. 41.—I'm a photographer. I've been looking for a face like yours. —I'm a plastic surgeon（我是整形外科医生）._____. A．I would B．Sure, it‘s my pleasure C． I've been looking for a face like yours. 42.—Is this seat empty? —_____. A．Yes, I would B．Yes, and this one will be if you sit down. C．No, I can‘t stand 43.—Haven't I seen you some place before? —_____. A．Yes, I would B．Yes. That's why I don't go there anymore. C．No, I can‘t come 44. —Will you go out with me this Saturday? —_____. A．Yes, I would not B．Sorry. I'm having a headache this weekend. C．Sorry, I can 45.—I think I could make you very happy. —_____. A．Yes, I would B．Why? Are you leaving? C．No, I can‘t come 46.--- I can‘t repair these until tomorrow, I am afraid. ---That‘s OK.There ?s______. A.no problem B.no wonder C.no doubt D.no hurry 47.---I was wondering if he could go skiing on the weekend.
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---______ good. A.Sound B. Sounded B. Sounds D. Sounding 48.---What‘s the matter with Mary? ---She wasn‘t invited to the ball , but she still_____. A.hopes to B.hopes so C.hopes it D. hopes that 49.--- We could invite John and Barbara to the Friday night party. ---Yes,___? I‘ll give them a call right now. A .why not B.what for C. why D.what 50. ---Which one of these do you want? ---_____ .Either will do. A.I don‘t mind B. I‘m sure C. No problem D. Go ahead
1、(全国卷 I）The house belongs to my aunt but she______ here any more. A. hasn't lived B. didn't live C. hadn't lived D. doesn't live 2、(全国卷 I) Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it ______ yesterday. A. was happening B. happens C. has happened D. happened 3、(全国卷 2)John, a friend of mine, who got married only last week, spent $3,000 more than he _______ for the wedding. A. will plan B. has planned C. would plan D. had planned 4、(北京卷)--- _______ leave at the end of this month. --- I don‘t think you should do that until ________ another job. A. I‘m going to; you‘d found B. I‘m going to; you‘ve found C I‘ll; you‘ll find D. I‘ll; you‘d find 5、(北京卷) --- Your job ________ open for your return. --- Thanks. A. will be kept B. will keep C. had kept D. had been kept 6、(北京卷)--- Where did you put the car keys? --- Oh, I ________ I put them on the chair because the phone rang as I ______ in. A. remembered ; come
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B. remembered ; was coming C.remember ; come D. remember ; was coming 7、(上海春) We ___ our new neighbors yet, so we don't know their names. A. don't meet B. won't meet C. haven't met D. hadn't met 8、(天津卷)－Did Linda see the traffic accident? －No, no sooner___ than it happened. A. had she gone B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she has gone 9、(天津卷) What we used to think impossible now does seem possible. A. is B. was C. has been D. will be 10. (重庆卷) I have to go to work by taxi because my car _______ at the garage. A. will be repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repaired 11、(重庆卷) Customers are asked to make sure that they _______ the right change before leaving the shop. A. will give B. have been given C. have given D. will be given 12、(重庆卷).I _______in London for many years，but I‘ve never regretted my final decision to move back to China. A. lived B. was living C. have lived D. had lived 13、(辽宁卷) The father as well as his three children skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going 14、(辽宁卷) I think it is necessary for my 19-year-old son to have his own mobile phone, for I sometimes want to make sure if he home for dinner. A. come B. comes C. has come D. will come 15、(辽宁卷) It is said that the early European playing-cards for entertainment and education. A. were being designed B. have designed C. have been designed D. were designed 16、(四川卷) Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026 ______ off at 18:20. A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken 17、 (江西卷) My cousin went to Canada two yours ago． ________ there for a few months and He then went to America． A．worked B．would work C．would be working D. has been working
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18、(陕西卷—You look very tired. _______ at all last night? —No, not really. I‘m tired out now. A. Do you sleep B. Were you sleeping C. Did you sleep D. Had you slept 19、(陕西卷) The construction of the two new railway lines ________ by now. (+主谓一致) A. has been completed B. have completed C. has completed D. have been completed 20、(陕西卷) Only then ___________ how much damage had been caused. (+倒装) A. she realized B. she had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize 21、(福建卷) Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane________. A. takes off B. is taking off C. has taken off D. took off 22、(福建卷)The moment the 28th Olympic Games _______ open, the whole world cheered. A. declared B. have been declared C. have declared D. were declared 23、(福建卷).The workers will go on strike if the demands they _______ put forward are turned down.(+情态动词) A. could B would C.不填 D. had 24、(湖北卷) I won't tell the student the answer to the math problem until he ____on it for more than an hour. A. has been working B. will have worked C. will have been working D. had worked 25、(湖南卷) I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I ________to half a dozen other groups. A. was giving B. am giving C. had given D. have given
1、(湖南卷) In a room above the store, where a party __________, some workers were busily setting the table. A. was to be held B. has been held C. will be held D. is being held 2、(江苏卷) --- I don‘t suppose the police know who did it. --- Well, surprisingly they do. A man has been arrested and ________ now. A. has been questioned B. is being questioned C. is questioning D. has questioned 3、(江苏卷) Although medical science __________ control over several dangerous diseases, what worries us is that some of them are returning. A. achieved B. has achieved C. will achieve D. had achieved
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4、(广东卷) The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She_________ before. A. hasn't flown B. didn't fly C. hadn't flown D. wasn't flying 5、(广东卷) So difficult it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.（+倒装） A. I did find B. did I find C. I have found D. have I found 6.—Alice `s second-hand computer__ wrong although she used it only once. —You would better go to check it A went B goes C is going D had gone 7.The traffic in Beijing is already good and it ___ even better. A gets B got C has gotten D is getting 8.I am sorry. I told you I would be ready to leave at 5:30, but I still__ my work. A did not finish B have not finished C had not finished D would not finish 9.As I __ to the station, I met the Smiths . They __home. A ran; were driving B was running; drove C was running; had drive D was running; were driving 10.Mr. .Alcott told me that four-fifths of the houses___. A have been sold out B had been sold out C were sold out D was sold out 11.Remember to send me a photo of your son next time you __ to me. A write B will write C are writing D would write 12.Neither of the young men who had tired to get the job in the company__. A has been accepted B had been accepted C was accepted D accepted 13.We __ at six o`clock, and hope__ most of the journey by lunch time. A are leaving; to have done B are leaving; to do C left; to have done D leave; to be doing 14.—Your daughter has two children , doesn`t she ? —That is right. She __ in 1983. A did marriage B had married C was married D got married 15.—You have not finished your homework yet , have you ? —No , I ___it the whole morning. A have been doing B have done C had done D did
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16.—Look , someone has spilt coffee on the carpet. —Well, it ___me。 A is not B was not C has not been D had not been 17.—Was Tom there When you arrived? —Yes, but he＿＿＿ home soon afterwards。 A had gone B has gone C is going D went 18.—Alice, you look puzzled. Have you understood it? —Yes, I___ another problem just now. A have thought of B thought of C was thought of D was thinking of 19.He ________ a model plane the whole morning. I supposed he would also do some washing. A made B had made C was making D has made 20.Robert ___ me his address the other day, but I‘m afraid I ___ it. A. had given; lost B. has given; have lost C. gave; have lost D. gives; lost 21.—Why bother? There is too much rubbish here. You‘ll never pick it all up. — Maybe not. But at least this part of the park cleaner. A will be B was C has been D is 22.My family and I________ our Christmas Eve dinner when the news of the outbreak of the war _______ over on the radio. A enjoyed; came B were enjoying; were coming C enjoyed; was coming D were enjoying; came 23.—Is Paul playing both soccer and tennis for the school ―He______. But now he has given up playing tennis. A is B has C was D had 24.—Put there glasses away before they__. —Ok, I will put them in the cupboard. A have broken B are breaking C get broken D will be broken 25.—when did he go to the American? —Oh, he __ there since half a year ago。 A went B has been C has gone D was
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一、 限定性定语从句 1. that 即可代表事物也可代表人，which 代表事物；它们在从句中作主语或宾语，that 在从 句中作宾语时常可省略关系词，which 在从句中作宾语则不能省略。而且，如果 which 在从 句中作―不及物动词＋介词‖的介词的宾语，注意介词不要丢掉，而且介词总是放在关系代词 which 的前边，但有的则放在它原来的位置 2. which 作宾语时，根据先行词与定语从句之间的语义关系，先行词与 which 之间的介词不 能丢 3. 代表物时多用 which，但在带有下列词的句子中用 that 而不用 which，这些词包括 all, anything, much 等，这时的 that 常被省略 4. who 和 whom 引导的从句用来修饰人，分别作从句中的主语和宾语，whom 作宾语时，要 注意它可以作动词的宾语也可以作介词的宾语 5. where 是关系副词，用来表示地点的定语从句 6. when 引导定语从句表示时间 〔注〕值得一提的是，表示时间―time"一词的定语从句只用 when 引导，有时不用任何关系 代词，当然也不用 that 引导 By the time you arrive in London, we will have stayed there for two weeks. I still remember the first time I met her. Each time he goes to besiness trip, he brings a lot of living necessities, such as towers, soap, toothbrush etc. 7. whose 是关系代词，修饰名词作定语，相当于所修饰成分的前置所有格 8. 当从句的逻辑主语是 some, any, no, somebody, anybody, nobody, something, anything, everything 或 nothing 时，常用 where 来引导 二、非限定性定语从句：非限定性定语从句的作用是对所修饰的成分作进一步说明，通常和 主句间用逗号隔开，将从句拿掉后其他部分仍可成立 1. which 引导的非限定性定语从句来说明前面整个句子的情况或主句的某一部分 2. 在引导限定性定语从句时，that 有时相当于 in which, at which, for which 或 at which Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that(in which) attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. 人们对白日做梦的态度正在改变， 这与人们对夜间做梦 的看法的变化有非常相似之处。 I like the music for the very reason that(for which) he dislike it. 我出于某种原因喜欢这种音乐， 而他恰恰与我相反。 We arrived the day that(on which) they left. 刚好我们到的那天他们走了。 3. 有时 as 也可用作关系代词 4. 在非限定性定语从句中，不能用 that，而用 who, whom 代表人，用 which 代表事物
1. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one
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2. Is this factory __________ some foreign friends visited last Friday? A. that B. where C. which D. the one 3. Is this the factory __________ he worked ten years ago? A. that B. where C. which D. the one 4. The wolves hid themselves in the places __________ couldn‘t be found. A. that B. where C. in which D. in that 5. The freezing point is the temperature __________ water changes into ice. A. at which B. on that C. in which D. of what 6. This book will show you __________ can be used in other contexts.. A. how you have observed B. what you have observed C. that you have observed D. how that you have observed 7. The reason is __________ he is unable to operate the machine. A. because B. why C. that D. whether 8. I‘ll tell you __________ he told me last week. A. all which B. that C. all that D. which 9. That tree, __________ branches are almost bare, is very old. A. whose B. of which C. in which D. on which 10. I have bought the same dress __________ she is wearing. A. as B. that C. which D. what 11. He failed in the examination, __________ made his father very angry. A. which B. it C. that D. what 12. We‘re talking about the piano and the pianist __________ were in the concert we attended last night. A. which B. whom C. who D. that 13. The girl __________ an English song in the next room is Tom‘s sister. A. who is singing B. is singing C. sang D. was singing 14. Those __________ not only from books but also through practice will succeed. A. learn B. who C. that learns D. who learn 【】15. Anyone __________ this opinion may speak out. A. that against B. that are against C. who is against D. who are against 16. Didn‘t you see the man __________? A. I nodded just now B. whom I nodded just now C. I nodded to him just now D. I nodded to just now 17. Can you lend me the novel __________ the other day? A. that you talked B. you talked about it C. which you talked with D. you talked about 18. Is there anything __________ to you? A. that is belonged B. that belongs C. that belong D. which belongs 19. ---- ―How do you like the book?‖
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---- ―It‘s quite different from __________ I read last month.‖ A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what 20. Mr. Zhang gave the textbook to all the pupils except __________ who had already taken them. A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others 21. The train __________ she was travelling was late. A. which B. where C. on which D. in that 22. He has lost the key to the drawer __________ the papers are kept. A. where B. in which C. under which D. which 23. Antarctic __________ we know very little is covered with thick ice all the year round. A. which B. where C. that D. about which 24. It‘s the third time __________ late this month. A. that you arrived B. when you arrived C. that you‘ve arrived D. when you‘ve arrived 25. It was in 1969 __________ the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. A. that B. which C. when D. in which
1. May the fourth is the day __________ we Chinese people will never forget. A. which B. when C. on which D. about which 2. We are going to spend the Spring Festival in Guangzhou, __________ live my grandparents and some relatives. A. which B. that C. who D. where 3. The hotel __________ during our holidays stands by the seaside. A. we stayed at B. where we stayed at C. we stayed D. in that we stayed 4. Is it in that factory __________ ―Red Flag‖ cars are produced? A. in which B. where C. which D. that 5. It is the Suez Canal __________ separates Asia __________ Africa. A. which, to B. where, from C. that, from D. that, with 6. Under the bridge, however, almost directly below, __________ was a small canoe, with a boy in it. A. there B. where C. it D. which 7. He is not __________ a fool __________. A. such, as he is looked B. such, as he looks C. as, as he is looked D. so, as he looks 8. Is that the reason __________ you are in favour of the proposal? A. which B. what C. why D. for that 【】9. He must be from Africa, __________ can be seen from his skin. A. that B. as C. who D. what 10. He has two sons, __________ work as chemists. A. two of whom B. both of whom C. both of which D. all of whom
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11. I, __________ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C. that is D. what is 12. He is a man of great experience, __________ much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom 13 ---- Do you know the town at all? ---- No, this is the first time I __________ here. A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming 14. I don‘t like __________ you speak to her. [the way 做先行词：the way in which/the way that/the way] A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which 15. The two things __________ they felt very proud are Jim‘s gold watch and Della‘s hair. A. about which B. of which C. in which D. for which 16. The dinner was the most expensive meal we __________. A. would have B. have had C. had never had D. had ever had 17. Do you know which hotel __________? A. she is staying B. she is staying in C. is she staying D. is she staying in 18. There is only one thing __________ I can do. A. what B. that C. all D. which 19. Who can think of a situation __________ this idiom can be used? A. which B. that C. where D. in that 20. I have many books, some of __________ are on chemistry. A. them B. that C. which D. those 21. They were interested __________ you told them. A. in which B. in that C. all that D. in everything 22. The astronaut did many experiments in the spaceship, __________ much help for knowing space. A. which we think it is B. which we think are of C. of which we think is D. I think which is of 23. I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. which 24.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 25. He has to work on Sundays, __________ he does not like. A. and which B. which C. and when D. when
概 说： 助动词(auxiliary)主要有两类：基本助动词(primary auxiliary)和情态助动词(modal auxiliary)。
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基本助动词有三个： have 和 be； do, 情态助动词有十三个： may, might; can, could; will, would; shall, should; must, need, dare, used to, ought to. 上述两类助动词的共同特征是，在协助主动 词构成限定动词词组时，具有作用词的功能： 情态助动词的特征 基本助动词与情态助动词最主要的区别之一是， 基本助动词本身没有词义， 而情态助动词则 有自己的词义，能表示说话人对有关动作或状态的看法，或表示主观设想： What have you been doing since? （构成完成进行体，本身无词义） I am afraid I must be going. （一定要） You may have read some account of the matter. （或许已经） 除此之外，情态助动词还有如下词法和句法特征： 1） 除 ought 和 used 以外，其他情态动词后面只能接不带 to 的不定式。如果我们把 ought to 和 used to 看做是固定词组的话，那么，所有情态动词无一例外地只能接不带 to 的不定 式： We used to grow beautiful roses. I asked if he would come and repair my television set. 2） 情态助动词在限定动词词组总总是位居第一： They need not have been punished so severely. 3） 情态助动词用于第三人称单数现在时的时候，没有词形变化，即其词尾无-s 形式： She dare not say what she thinks. 4） 情态动词没有非限定形式，即没有不定式、-ing 分词和-ed 分词形式： Still, she needn’t have run away. 5） 情态助动词的“时”的形式并不是时间区别的主要标志。在不少场合，情态助动词的现 在时和过去时形式都可以表示现在、过去或将来时间： Would you mind very much if I ask you to do something? She told him he ought not to have done it. 6） 情态助动词之间是相互排斥的，即在一个限定动词词组中只能出现一个情态助动词，但 有时却可以与 have 和 be 基本助动词连用： You should have washed the wound. Well, you shouldn’t be reading a novel. 现将情态助动词的各种形式列表如下： 情态助动词的意义和用法 情态助动词从最普通的意义上来说， 是修饰分句意义的一种方式， 它可以反映说话者对其表 述是否真实和可能的程度作出判断。但不同的情态助动词本身所包含的意义和用法又不同， 下面逐个分析。 1） can 和 could 的用法 1． 表示能力或客观可能性，还可以表示请求和允许。如： Can you finish this work tonight? Man cannot live without air. — Can I go now? — Yes, you can. 注意：①could 也可表示请求，预期委婉，主要用于疑问句，不可用于肯定句，答语应用 can （即 could 不能用于现在时态的简略答语中） 。如：
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Could I come to see you tomorrow? Yes, you can. （否定答语可用 No, I‘m afraid not.） ②can 表示能力时，还可用 be able to 代替。如： I‘ll not be able to come this afternoon. 2． 表示惊异、怀疑、不相信的态度。 （主要用在否定句、疑问句或惊叹句中） Can this be true? How can you be so careless! This cannot be done by him. 3． “can(could) + have + 过去分词”的疑问或否定形式表示对过去发生的行为怀疑或 不肯定。如： He cannot have been to that town. Can he have got the book? 2） may 和 might 的用法 1． 表示许可。 表示请求、允许时，might 比 many 的语气更委婉一些，否定回答时要用 mustn‘t 表 示“不可以”“禁止”“阻止”之意。如： 、 、 You may drive the car. — Might I use your pen? — No, you mustn’t. 用 May I ... 征询对方许可在文体上比较正式，在口气上比较客气。在日常口语中， 用 Can I ... 征询对方意见在现代口语中更为常见。 2． 用于祈使句中表示祝愿。如： May you succeed! 3． 表示推测、可能（疑问句不能用于此意） 。 He may be very busy now. 4． “may(might) + have + 过去分词”表示对过去发生的行为的推测。如： He may not have finished the work. 3） must 和 have to 的用法 1． 表示必须、必要。如： You must come in time. 回答 must 引出的问句时，如果是否定的回答，不能用 mustn‘t，而要用 needn‘t 或 don‘t have to。 — Must we hand in our exercise books today? — Yes, you must. (No, you don‘t have to.) 2． “must be + 表语”的结构表示推测，它的否定或疑问式用 can 代替 must。 This must be your pen. 3． “must + have + 过去分词” 的结构常用在肯定句中， 表示对过去发生的行为的推测。 它的否定或疑问式用 can 代替 must。 He must have been to Shanghai. 4． have to 的含义与 must 相似， 两者往往可以互换使用， have to 有各种形式， have 但 随 的变化而定。must 与 have to 有下列几点不同： ① must 表示的是说话人的主观看法，而 have to 则往往强调客观需要。如：
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The play is not interesting. I really must go now. I had to work when I was your age. ② must 一般只表现在，have 则有更多的时态形式。 ③ 二者的否定意义不大相同。如： You mustn’t go. 你可不要去。 You don’t have to go. 你不必去。 ④ 询问对方的意愿时应用 must。如： Must I clean all the room? 4） dare 和 need 的用法 1． need 表示“需要”或“必须” ，作情态动词时，仅用于否定句或疑问句中，在肯定 句中一般用 must, have to, ought to,或 should 代替。如： You needn’t come so early. — Need I finish the work today? — Yes, you must. 注意：needn‘t + 不定式的完成式“表示本来不必做某事而实际上做了某事” 。如： You needn’t have waited for me. 2． Dare 作情态动词时， 主要用于疑问句、 否定句和条件从句中， 一般不用在肯定句中。 如： How dare you say I‘m unfair. He daren’t speak English before such a crowd, dare he? 3． Dare 和 need 常用作实义动词，有时态、人称和数的变化，所不同的是，作实义动 词时，在肯定句中，dare 后面通常接带 to 的不定式，在否定和疑问句中，dare 后面 可接带 to 或不带 to 的不定式。如： I dare to swim across this river. He does not dare (to) answer. Don‘t you dare (to) touch it! I wondered he dare (to) say that. He needs to finish it this evening. 5） shall 和 should 的用法 1． Shall 用于第一人称，表示征求对方的意愿。如： What shall we do this evening? 2． Shall 用于第一、 第三人称疑问句中， 表示说话人征求对方的意见或向对方请示。 如： Shall we begin our lesson? When shall he be able to leave the hospital? 3． Shall 用于第二、第三人称，表示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。如： You shall fail if you don‘t work harder. （警告） He shall have the book when I finish reading. （允诺） He shall be punished. （威胁） 4． Should 表示劝告、建议、命令，其同义词是 ought to；在疑问句中，通常用 should 代替 ought to。如：
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You should go to class right away. Should I open the window? Should 的含义较多，用法较活，现介绍三种其特殊用法。请看下面的句子： ① I should think it would be better to try it again. 我倒是认为最好再试一试。 ② You are mistaken, I should say. 依我看，你是搞错了。 ③ I should advise you not to do that. 我倒是劝你别这样做。 ④ This is something I should have liked to ask you. 这是我本来想问你的。 从以上例句可以看出：情态动词 should 用于第一人称时可以表示说话人的一种谦 逊、客气、委婉的语气。 Should 还可以用在 if 引导的条件从句，表示一件事听起来可能性很小，但也不是完 全没有可能。相当于“万一”的意思。从句谓语由 should 加动词原形构成，主句谓 语却不一定用虚拟语气。如： ⑤ Ask her to ring me up if you should see her. 你万一见到她，请让她给我打个电 话。 ⑥ If you should change your mind, please let us know. 万一你改变主意，请通知我 们。 ⑦ Should I (If I should) be free tomorrow I will come. 万一我明天有时间，我就来。 此外，Why(or How) + should 结构表示说话人对某事不能理解，感到意外、惊异等 意思。意为“竟会” 。如： ⑧ Why should you be so late today? 你几天怎么来得这么晚？ ⑨ — Where is Betty living? — 贝蒂住在哪里？ — How should I know? — 我怎么会知道呢？ ⑩ I don‘t know why you should think that I did it. 我真不知道你凭什么认为这件事 是我干的。 5． “should + have + 过去分词” 结构一般表示义务， 表示应该做到而实际上没有做到， 并包含一种埋怨、责备的口气。如： She should have finished it. I should have helped her, but I never could. You should have started earlier. 6） will 和 would 的用法 1． 表示请求、建议等，would 比 will 委婉客气。如： Would you pass me the book? 2． 表示意志、愿望和决心。如： I will never do that again. They asked if we would do that again. 3． 用“will be”和“will(would) + have + 过去分词”的结构表示推测，主要用于第二、 三人称。前者表示对目前情况的推测，后者表示对已经完成的动作或事态的推测。 如： This will be the book you want. He will have arrived by now. The guests would have arrived by that time.
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I thought you would have finished this by now. 4． Would 可表示过去反复发生的动作或某中倾向。 Would 表过去习惯时比 used to 正式， 并没有“现已无此习惯”的含义。如： The wound would not heal. During the vacation he would visit me every week. 5． 表料想或猜想。如： It would be about ten when he left home. What would she be doing there? I thought he would have told you all about it. 7） ought to 的用法 1． Ought to 表示应该。如： You ought to take care of him. 2． 表示推测。注意与 must 表示推测时的区别： He must be at home by now. （断定他已到家） He ought to be home by now. （不十分肯定） This is where the oil must be. （比较直率） This is where the oil ought to be. （比较含蓄） 3． “ought to + have + 过去分词”表示过去应做某事而实际未做。如： You ought to have asked him (but you didn‘t). 这时，ought to 和 should 可以互相换用。 注意：在美国英语中，ought to 用于否定句和疑问句时，to 可以省略。如： Ought you smoke so much? You oughtn’t smoke so much. 8） used to，had better，would rather 的用法 1． Used to 表示过去的习惯动作或状态， 现在已不存在， 在间接引语中， 其形式可不变。 如： He told us he used to play football when he was young. 在疑问句、否定句、否定疑问句或强调句中，可有两种形式： 疑问句 否定句 Did you use to go to the same school as your brother? Used you to go to the same school as your brother? I usedn’t to go there. I didn’t use to go there. Usen’t you to be interested in the theatre? Didn’t you use to be interested in the theatre? I certainly used to smoke, but it was a long time ago. I certainly did use to smoke, but it was a long time ago.
Usedn‘t 亦可拼作 usen‘t，但发音皆为[ju:znt]。 否定疑问句
其反意疑问句或简略回答中，也有两种形式： She used to be very fat, didn’t she? （正式）/ use(d)n’t she? （口语）
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Did you use to play chess? Yes, I did. Used you to get up early in the morning? Yes, I did. (Yes, I used to.) 2． Had better 意为“最好” ，后接不带 to 的不定式。如： — We had better go now. — Yes, we had (we‘d better / we had better). Hadn’t we better stop now? (Had we better not stop now?) I think I’d better be going. （用于进行时态，表“最好立即” ） You had better have done that. （用于完成时态，表未完成动作） 注：①had best 与 had better 同意，但较少用。②You had better … 用于同辈或小辈， 对长辈不可用。 3． Would rather 意为“宁愿” ，表选择，后接不带 to 的不定式。如： I’d rather not say anything. Would you rather work on a farm? — Wouldn’t you rather stay here? — No, I would not. I‘d rather go there. 由于 would rather 表选择，因而后可接 than。如： I would rather work on a farm than in a factory. I would rather watch TV than go to see the film. I would rather lose a dozen cherry trees than that you should tell me one lie. I’d rather you didn’t talk about this to anyone. （句中的‘d rather 不是情态动词， would 在此是表愿望的实义动词）
1. You _____ return the book now. You can keep it till next week if you like. A. can‘t B. mustn‘t C. needn‘t D. may not 2. Where is my pen? I _____ it. A. might lose B. would have lost C. should have lost D. must have lost 3. I wish I _____ you yesterday. A. seen B. did see C. had seen D. were to see 4. I didn‘t hear the phone. I _____ asleep. A. must be B. must have been C. should be D. should have been 5. If my lawyer _____ here last Saturday, he _____ me from going. A. had been; would have prevented B. had been; would prevent C. were; would prevent D. were; would have prevented 6. He _____ you more help, even though he was very busy. A. might have given B. might have C. may have given
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D. may give 7. If it _____ for the snow, we _____ the mountain yesterday. A. were not; could have climbed B. were not; could climb C. had not been; could have climbed D. had not been; could climb 8. Without electricity human life _____ quite difficult today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be 9. A computer _____ think for itself, it must be told what to do. A. can‘t B. couldn‘t C. may not D. might not 10. Jenny _____ have kept her word. I wonder why she changed her mind. A. must B. should C. need D. would 11. We _____ last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study 12. — Could I borrow your dictionary? — Yes, of course you _____. A. might B. will C. can D. should 13. Tom ought not to _____ me your secret, but he meant no harm. A. have told B. tell C. be telling D. having told 14. — If he _____, he _____ that food. — Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken 15. Peter _____ come with us tonight, but he isn‘t very sure yet. A. must B. may C. can D. will 16. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I _____ for her. A. had to write it out B. must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out 17. I didn‘t see your sister at the meeting. If she _____, she would have met my brother. A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come 18. — Shall I tell John about it? — No, you _____. I‘ve told him already. A. needn‘t B. wouldn‘t C. mustn‘t D. shouldn‘t 19. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it _____. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken 20. It‘s nearly seven o‘clock. Jack _____ be here at any moment. A. must B. need C. should D. can
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21.— There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well. — It _____ a comfortable journey. A. can‘t be B. shouldn‘t be C. mustn‘t have been D. couldn‘t have been 22. Johnny, you _____ play with the knife, you _____ hurt yourself. A. won‘t; can‘t B. mustn‘t; may C. shouldn‘t; must D. can‘t; shouldn‘t 23. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone _____ get out. A. had to B. would C. could D. was able to 24. — When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. — They _____ be ready by 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need 25. — I stayed at a hotel while in New York. — Oh, did you? You _____ with Barbara. A. could have stayed B. could stay C. would stay D. must have stayed 26. —How‘s your tour around the North Lake? Is it beautiful? —It ________ be, but it is now heavily polluted. [2007 全国卷 I] A. will B. would C. should D. must 27. —Guess what! I have got A for my term paper. [2007 上海卷] —Great! You ______ read widely and put a lot of work into it. A. must B. should C. must have D. should have 28. The teacher _______have thought Johnson was worth it or she wouldn't have wasted time on him, I suppose. [2007 安徽卷] A. should B. can C. would D. must 29. In crowded places like airports and railway stations, you___ take care of your luggage. [2007 北京卷] A. can B. may C. must D. will 30. My MP4 player isn‘t in my bag. Where _____ I have put it? [2007 福建卷] A. can B. must C. should D .would 31. The biggest problem for most plants, which ________ just get up and run away when threatened, is that animals like to eat them. [2007 湖南卷] A. shan‘t B. can‘t C. needn‘t D. mustn‘t 32. —She looks very happy. She ______ have passed the exam. [2007 江苏卷] —I guess so. It‘s not difficult after all. A. should B. could C. must D. might 33. —Where is my dictionary? I remember I put it here yesterday. —You ____it in the wrong place. [2007 江西卷] A. must put B. should have put C. might put D .might have put 34. As a result of the serious flood, two-thirds of the buildings in the area____. [2007 陕西卷] A. need repairing B. needs to repair C. needs repairing
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D. need to repair 35. I told your friend how to get to the hotel, but perhaps I _______have driven her there. [2007 陕西卷] A. could B. must C. night D. should 36. The boss has given everyone a special holiday, so we go to work tomorrow. [2007 上海 春] A．can‘t B．mustn‘t C．needn‘t D．shouldn‘t 37. 一 What does the sign over there read? 一―No person ________ smoke or carry a lighted cigarette， cigar or pipe in this area． ‖[2007 四 川卷] A．will B．may C．shall D. must 38. —My cat‘s really fat. —You ______ have given her so much food. [2007 浙江卷] A. wouldn‘t B. couldn‘t C. shouldn‘t D. mustn‘t 39. —What do you think we can do for our aged parents? —You ________ do anything except to be with them and be yourself. [2007 重庆卷] A. don‘t have to B. oughtn‘t to C. mustn‘t D. can‘t 40. —Turn off the TV, Jack.. ____ your homework now? —Mum, just ten more minutes, please. [2007 辽宁卷] A. Should you be doing B. Shouldn't you be doing C. Couldn't you be doing D. Will you be doing 41. He __________ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn‘t be enjoying himself by the seaside. （ 05 北京 ） A. should B. must C. wouldn‘t D. can‘t 42. He paid for a seat, when he ______ have entered free. ( 05 山东 ) A. could B. would C. must D. need 43. —I've taken someone else's green sweater by mistake. —It ______ Harry's. He always wears green. （ 05 广东 ） A. has to be B. will be C. mustn't be D. could be 44.—Do you know where David is? I couldn‘t find him anywhere. —Well . He________ have gone far—his coat‘s still here. （ 05 湖北 ） A．shouldn‘t B．mustn‘t C．can‘t D．wouldn‘t 45. If I________ plan to do anything I wanted to ,I‘d like to go to Tibet and travel through as much of it as possible. ( 05 湖北 ) A．would B．could C．had to D．ought to 46. —Lucy doesn‘t mind lending you her dictionary. —She ______ . I've already borrowed one. （ 05 湖南 ） A. can't B. mustn't C. needn't D. shouldn't 47. The more I think about him, the more reasons I find for loving him ___ I did. （ 05 湖南 ）
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A. as much ms B. as long as C. as soon as D. as far as 48. —Tom is never late for work. Why is he absent today? —Something ________ to him. （ 05 江西 ） A．must happen B．should have happened C．could have happened D．must have happened 49. John, look at the time. ___________ you play the piano at such a late hour? （ 05 全国 III ） A．Must B．Can C．May D．Need 50. May I take this book out?No,you______. A.can't B.may not. C.needn't D.aren't
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 考查快速阅读理解的能力，特别是跳读能力； 考查找准主题，话题并了解篇章结构，理解文章的能力； 考查在文章中寻找线索的能力； 考查是否具备熟练查实的词汇和语法知识； 考查各种文化背景和生活常识。
1. 完形词汇 a. 近义（形）词辨析。顾名思义，即是对四个在意思上或拼写上比较相近的 词汇进行辨析。 b. 高级词汇。其实也就是词汇量；这一类的词汇考查，四个选项通常都比 较长，且其中有一至两个是不太熟悉的大纲内的词汇。 c. 固定搭配。这一类通常是介词或动副词搭配。 学习方法：应该在平时的词汇复习当中做好准备。词汇的复习其实分为三个 层次：理解，辨析和运用。 2. 完形语法结构 完形主要会出现语法中从句的引导词，有时也会对常用句型进行考查。常见 的引导词有 which，that，as，than，while，when，before，until，unless 等。 学习方法：在平时的语法复习当中注意从句的用法，尤其是引导词的用法及 使用情况。一些固定的、常用的句型也务必要掌握，如强调句、倒装等。 3.完形语篇逻辑 对文章的理解和把控能力及上下文间的逻辑关系。 这一类的题型要求的不仅 仅要读懂空格所在的句子的意思，同时还有理解上句或下句的意思，有时需 要对前一段或下一段，甚至是整篇文章的意思进行理解。 学习方法：根据上下文的相关线索，进行作答。这些线索通常有：词汇的褒 贬义（可以反映作者的态度） 、连词（and，but，yet 等） 、短语及句意（判断 两句之间的关系，或转折、或因果等） 。
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Passage One Difficulty：★ One day a mother rat and her babies were out in an open field. They were playing and having a good time when 36 a hungry cat came on the scene! It hid 37 a big tree and then 38 forward through the tall grass 39 it could almost hear them talk. _ 40 ___ the mother rat and her babies knew 41 had happened, the cat 42 from its hiding place and started to run 43 them. The mother rat and her babies all 44 at once. They hurried towards 45 home , which was under a pile of large stones. 46 the baby rats were 47 scared that they could not run very 48 . Closer and closer the cat came. In no time the cat would be upon 49 . What was to be done? The mother rat stopped running, 50 round and faced the cat, 51 ―Bow! Wow! Bowwow!‖ just like 52 angry dog. The cat was so surprised and 53 that it ran away. The mother rat turned to her babies, ―Now you see 54 important it is to learn 55 second language!‖ 36. A. naturally B. suddenly C. nearly D. certainly 37. A. on B. between C. by D. behind 38. A. crawled B. jumped C. looked D. saw 39. A. before B. when C. until D. while 40. A. Before B. After C. Unless D. Otherwise 41. A. where B. what C. which D. when 42. A. jumped B. started C. jumping D. starting 43. A. over B. through C. after D. against 44. A. fleed B. fled C. filed D. flee 45. A. to B. for C. it D. their 46. A. Because B. But C. Therefore D. Although 47. A. as B. much C. so D. very 48. A. freely B. hardly C. soon D. quickly 49. A. ahead B. down C. that D. them 50. A. turned B. walked C. jumped D. ran 51. A. saying B. said C. shouting D. shouted 52. A. a B. an C. their D. that 53. A. pleased B. excited C. frightened D. worried 54. A. so B. why C. what D. how 55. A. our B. their C. a D. an
Passage Two Difficulty：★ Tourism was not always as important as it is today. In the past only __1__ people could travel ___2__ vacations to other countries. But in 1976 one person in twenty __3__ a country away from. More people travel today than in the past___4_ there is a growing middle class in many parts of the world. People now have more money __5__ travel. __6__ airplane fares for tourists make travel _7__ expensive and thus more attractive than __8__ before. One person does not travel for the _9__ reason as _10__. But most people enjoy seeing countries that are different __11_ their own. They also like to meet new __12_. Try new food and__13__ life in other parts of the world. Tourism __14_many changes in a country and in people's lives. People
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build new hotels and restaurants and train native men and women _15__ tour guides to show tourists interesting places. 1. A. wealthy B. poor C. strong D. luckily 2. A. on B. with C. to D. in 3. A. traveled B. tripped C. visited D. made 4. A. because of B. because C. so that D. in order that 5. A. for B. to C. on D. with 6. A. Especially B. Especial C. Specially D. Special 7. A. more B. little C. less D. much 8. A. once B. even C. ever D. since 9. A. wrong B. correct C. different D. same 10. A. another B. the other C. the others D. others 11. A. between B. from C. because of D. of 12. A. person B. people C. human D. men 13. A. live B. experience C. know D. survive 14. A. causes B. takes C. leads D. has 15. A. as B. for C. to D. in
Passage Three Difficulty：★ Mr. King works in a shop and drives the car for the manager． He drives carefully and can keep 26 in time of danger． And he 27 from several accidents． The manager 28 him more and more and the traffic policemen often praise him． Mr. Baker， one of his friends， works in a factory outside the city． It`s far from his 29 and he has to go to work by bus． As the traffic is 30 in the morning， sometimes he`s late for the work． His 31 warns that the young man will be sent away 32 he gets to his office on time． He hopes to buy a 33 ， but he hasn`t enough money． He decides to buy a（n） 34 one． He often went to the flea market （跳蚤市场）and at last he 35 a beautiful but cheap car． He said he 36 to have a trial drive（试驾） the seller agreed． He called Mr. King and asked ， him to 37 him． Mr. King examined the car 38 and then drove away． It was five in the morning and there were 39 cars in the street． At first he drove 40 and it worked well． Then he drove fast． And when he reached a 41 ， the lights turned red． He 42 to stop it， but he failed and almost hit an old woman who was crossing the street． A 43 told him to stop， but the car went on until it hit a big tree by the road． ―Didn't you hear me‖ the policeman asked 44 ． ―Yes，I did，sir，‖ said Mr. King．―Can it 45 you since it doesn't listen to me？‖ 26． A． calm B． silent C .excited D． worried 27． A． learned B． escaped C．freed D． heard 28． A． punishes B． beats C pays D． controls 29． A． friends B． factory C．shop D． house 30． A． heavy B． less C．light D． fast 31． A． father B． manager C. seller D． wife 32． A． unless B． if C．in case D． after 33． A． bus B． car C．motorbike D． bike 34． A． new B． modern C． old D． unusual 35． A． bought B． praised C．chose D．recognized 36． A． hated B． offered C． promised D． wanted
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37． 38． 39． 40． 41． 42． 43． 44． 45．
A． A． A． A． A． A． A． A． A．
save B． in time B． few B． fast B． hospital B． tried B． woman B． softly B． obey B．
believe at first no slowly crossing managed friend angrily hear
C． hurt C． at last C． many C．carelessly C．bookstore C refused C policeman C． happily C． hit
D． help D． in all D． much D． carefully D． street D．pretended D．passenger D． excitedly D． stop
Passage Four Difficulty：★★ ―Mum, I want to make you a bet,‖ I said. ―If I go a whole year without TV, will you give me a hundred dollars?‖ ―Well, if you can ___1___ do it, …‖ ―Of course I can,‖ I replied, ___2___ to convince myself. __3__, all this started from my __4__ of a picture in the newspaper. I couldn‘t bear to look at that boy, _5__ to have gone one year without TV for a hundred dollars, staring at me with mocking eyes. He seemed to __6__ at me! ―I did it, __7_ you can‘t!‖ he said. I __8__ at the boy‘s face. That year I did a lot of things. __9__, my father taught me to ski, which became my favorite sport. Many winter afternoons snowballwars with my neighbours __10_ daily excitement. I went on bike trips with my friends and __11__ as much as a fish. It was unbelievable how much __12__ I had without TV. I learned so many new games. I guess the biggest thing I learnt, ___13___, was self-motivation(上进 心). I started to do my __14__. I went from a D student to an A student within a couple of weeks. I __15__ hate reading if there were no __16__, but now I began to read and enjoy it. I could __17all the pictures just the way I wanted them—my own little ___18___, right inside my head! I‘m ___19___ what I did. I got a lot more from the ___20___ than just the 100 dollars! 1. A. only B. really C. occasionally D. finally 2. A. trying B. advising C. needing D. asking 3. A. However B. What`s more C. As a result D. In fact 4. A. joy B. disbelief C. anger D. curiosity 5. A. managed B. expected C. said D. had 6. A. glare B. laugh C. come D. shoot 7. A. and B. but C. or D. besides 8. A. wondered B. glanced C. glared D. looked 9. A. Worse still B. Such as C. For example D. In place 10. A. replaced B. formed
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11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
C. offered A. ran C. breathed A. difficulty C. fun A. though C. luckily A. washing C. sports A. came to C. stopped to A. pictures C. plots A. draw up C. make up A. TV C. work A. surprised at C. proud of A. experience C. incident
D. joined B. swam D. jumped B. knowledge D. trouble B. but D. even B. shopping D. homework B. used to D. happened to B. explanations D. praises B. arrange off D. find out B. books D. drama B. interested in D. changed by B. bet D. picture
Passage Five Difficulty：★ Mary‘s parents are different from the average. While she was 1 up they required her to 2. First of all she had to work around their home. Later on Mary worked for other people. When Mary was 14 years old, her mother and father told her that they were no 3 going to buy her clothes. Sure, they would continue to buy shoes for her and also the special clothes 4 suits, but 5 else was her responsibility. Some people thought that they were 6, but they wanted to teach Mary some 7 lessons. One thing she learned was that nothing is cheap or 8. She learned how to deal with her money 9 . Another thing she learned was how to keep from 10 out her clothes too fast. Also, even 11 Mary went to school she was 12 to work. All through her high school and 13 years she worked as well as studied. Mary‘s parents had plenty of 14 but they felt she would 15 her education more if she had to 16 it. And strange 17 it may seem, they had heard that students who worked part-time generally got 18 grades than students who did no work. Now Mary is a mother herself. She requires her 19 to do the same 20 she did, especially working part-time as they go to school. 1. A. raising B. bringing C. growing D. getting 2. A. study B. play C. learn D. work 3. A. longer B. money C. more D. hope 4. A. and B. or C. as D. like 5. A. what B. anything C. nothing D. everything 6. A. responsible B. lazy C. mean D. careless 7. A. difficult B. daily C. valuable D. useless 8. A. free B. expensive C. useful D. proper
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9. A. quickly 10. A. working 11. A. when 12. A. permitted 13. A. hard 14. A. time 15. A. value 16. A. enjoy 17. A. thing 18. A. worse 19. A. husband 20. A. as
B. slowly B. wearing B. as B. required B. work B. children B. have B. pay B. as B. better B. mother B. what
C. carefully C. giving C. until C. going C. other C. money C. use C. pay for C. enough C. more C. parents C. which
D. suddenly D. taking D. since D. forced D. college D. work D. receive D. work for D. although D. less D. children D. like
Passage Six Difficulty：★★ In some countries，people eat rice every day． 26 they eat it two or three times a day，for breakfast， lunch and supper． They can 27 it， fry（煎）it or 28 it into rice noodles．They usually eat it 29 meat，fish and vegetables． Some people do not eat some kind of 30． Muslins，for example，do not eat pork，and Hindus do not eat beef． The Japanese eat a lot of fish．Japan is an island and its 31 go all over the Pacific looking for fish to 32．The Japanese sometimes eat uncooked fish，and they also eat a lot of rice． In 33 such as Britain，Australia and the United States，the most important food is 34 or potatoes． People there usually make their bread from wheat flour． They 35 potatoes in different ways． They can boil them，fry them and roast（烤）them． In Africa，maize（玉米）is the most important food．36 rice and wheat， maize is a kind of cereal（ 谷物 ） African people make the maize 37 ． flour． From this flour they make 38 kinds of bread and cakes． Many Africans are very 39 and they can`t afford to eat much 40 with their cereal． Cereals are a very important kind of food 41 we also need plenty of vegetables and lots of fresh 42． Some people eat 43 fruit and vegetables． They do not eat meat or fish or 44 that comes from animals． They eat only food from 45． Some people say that food from plants is better for us than meat． 26. A. Sometimes B. Sometime C. Some time D. Some times 27. A. drink B. eat C. have D. boil 28. A. make B. turn C. change D. eat 29. A. as B. like C. with D. together 30. A. apples B. fish C. meat D. vegetables 31. A. trains B. planes C. fishing boats D. life boats 32. A. buy B. weigh C. hold D. catch 33. A. the world B. countries C. the east D.developing countries 34. A. bread B. cake C. flour D. vegetables 35. A. cook B. eat C. make D. take 36. A. Like B. As C. Being D. With
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37. A. of 38. A. the same 39. A. rich 40. A. meat 41. A. so 42. A. rice 43. A. not only 44. A. something 45. A. plants
B. from B. different B. poor B. maize B. as B. cakes B. only B. anything B. apples
C. into C. every C. strong C. flour C. because C. fruit C. besides C. pork C. pigs
D. up to D. each D. weak D. bread D. but D. potatoes D. except D. beef D. fish
Passage Seven Difficulty：★★ Every day on the way to work I drive down a street lined with pine trees. One tree in particular 36 my attention. It must have suffered some 37 . Part of its trunk grew nearly parallel to the ground, and then in an effort to 38 its own course of life, the trunk took a 90 degree turn 39 to stand tall and stretch toward the sun. This tree became a 40 for me. Each day as I drove by, I saw this bent but determined tree and I would be 41 . It was a reminder to me that 42 I may not have had the best start in life, I could change 43 in the parts of my life at any time. I was planning to stop one day to get a perfect 44 of my kindred-spirit (志趣相同的) tree. But that week I was 45 . After that busy week, I still didn`t take any action. Every time I drove by the tree I would 46 myself, “Tomorrow, I`ll stop tomorrow to take one.” Then one day, as I 47 by “my” tree, I glanced over, and much to my 48 found a sawed-off stump (树桩) where that symbolic tree had stood. Gone. I had 49 my plan until “tomorrow” and tomorrow proved to be too 50 . A picture of a tree is not of great 51 . But my lesson rang through clearly 52 I found out one of my colleagues had been 53 with stage-four cancer. He may no longer have many 54 . What have you been putting off? What would you do today if you knew you would 55 have the opportunity to do it again? Why not do those things that you have been putting off until tomorrow? 36. A. paid B. caught C. fixed D. escaped 37. A.damage B.influence C.experience D.defeat 38. A.follow B.design C.change D.imagine 39. A.applying B.attempting C.happening D.learning 40. A.shelter B.signal C.sign D.symbol 41. A.interested B.satisfied C.encouraged D.educated 42. A.even though B.as if C.in case D.if only 43. A.purpose B.plan C.habit D.direction 44. A.glance B.view C.picture D.knowledge 45. A.busy B.free C.worried D.bored 46. A.tell B.help C.call D.see
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47. A.wandered 48. A.surprise 49. A.taken off 50. A.cold 51. A.value 52. A.when 53. A.linked 54. A.lives 55. A.surely
B.drove C. rode B.pleasure C. regret B.cut off C. put off B.far C. sunny B.achievementC. fun B.before C. because B.combined C. provided B.tomorrows C. lessons B.almost C. ever
D.ran D.happiness D.called off D.late D.disappointment D.unless D.diagnosed D.opportunities D. never
Passage Eight Difficulty：★★★ I shall never forget one showing which was really a challenge. I was busy getting ready to 1 my winter fashion. Then just thirteen 2 before the showing, the sewing girls were called out on 3 . I found myself left with one 4 and the woman who was in charge of the sewing room! I was as 5 as my models and salesgirls. ―We‘ll never 6 it.‖ one of them cried. Here, I thought, is the test of all tests for Father‘s 7 . Where is the way 8 this time? I wondered and worried. I was certain we would 9 to call off the showing---- 10 else show the clothes unfinished. Then it dawned on me. 11 show the clothes unfinished? We worked extremely hard. And 12 thirteen days later, right on time, the showing took place. What a 13 it was! Some coats had no sleeves (袖子); others had only one. Many of our clothes were 14 in an early stage, but in this way we were 15 to show what colors and textures the 16 would have when they were 17 . All in all, the showing was 18 . It was so different that it was a great success. Our 19 showing caught the attention of the public, and 20 for the clothes poured in. Father‘s wise words had guided me once again. There is more than one way to the square----always. 1. A. sell B. show C. design D. make 2. A. days B. hours C. months D. weeks 3. A. business B. sale C. show D. strike 4. A. model B. salesgirl C. tailor D. customer 5. A. busy B. tired C. excited D. gloomy 6. A. expect B. have C. make D. enjoy 7. A. advice B. wisdom C. hope D. method 8. A. out B. in C. to D. at 9. A. like B. have C. ought D. try 10. A. but B. so C. rather D. or 11. A. Why not B. How about C. What if D.Whoewver 12. A. almost B. exactly C. probably D. about 13. A. day B. surprise C. situation D. showing 14. A. still B. even C. already D. ever 15. A. asked B. able C. allowed D. unable 16. A. blouse B. shirts C. skirts D. coats 17. A. finished B. shown C. worn D. hung 18. A. perfect B. colorful C. different D. tiring 19. A. modern B. unusual C. natural D. simple 20. A. needs B. suggestions C. orders D. messages Passage Nine Difficulty：★★★
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Time is very important in our lives. It 36 our everyday moments. However, time never had any 37 in my life until 1 received a watch from my father that organized my life and made me more 38. It's round in the center with two silver bands that go around my wrist. And all of it is made of silver. This 39 tells me the importance of time in my life. I received this 40 on a gray-sky day. 1 had to go to the airport at 9:00 AM to 41 up my Uncle Ali and take him to my father's house. 42 ， I was late because I was 43 out with my friends. Later on that day, around 11:00 AM, I 44 my uncle, but I was very 45 for him. He had 46 the airport and taken a taxi to my father's house. I got to my father's house at 2:00 PM on the same day and looked at my angry father's face I felt 47 of myself at that moment. After I said hi to my 48 father and tired uncle, my father asked me to sit next to him where he handed me this watch as a gift from him. Then he said, ―Essa, did you have 49 with your friends today?‖ I answered, ―Yes father, and I'm sorry about not picking up my Uncle Ali‖ He said, "What you 50 was not very nice and you should be sorry for your 51 . ‖ I was ashamed and said, ―Father, I'll never do it again. I promise.‖ He said, ―I hope today you learned something important, and this watch will be a 52 for you.‖ He told me to take this watch and use it as an organizer of my 53. I learned a very important lesson from my father: to 54 time and never be late to get someone. This watch is 55 to me, not because of its price, but because of the lesson that I learned from it. 36. A. appreciates B. organizes C. orders D. explains 37. A. importance B. similarity C. necessity D. interest 38. A. confident B. independent C. efficient D. responsible 39. A. object B. belonging C. matter D. stranger 40. A. card B. letter C. gift D. thing 41. A. call B. pick C. put D. bring 42. A. Otherwise B. Fortunately C. However D. Hopefully 43. A. going B. hanging C. standing D. leaving 44. A. forgot B. remembered C. saw D. visited 45. A. anxious B. nervous C. early D. late 46. A. reached B. recognized C. left D. found 47. A. ashamed B frightened C. disappointed D. shy 48. A. kind B. happy C. angry D. doubtful 49.A.pleasure B. fun C. appointment D. quarrels 50. A. said B. did C. thought D. forgot 51. A. ideas B. words C. actions D. promises 52. A. wonder B. hope C. requirement D reminder 53.A.life B. day C. way D. thought 54. A. waste B. respect C. neglect D. enjoy
55. A. useful
Passage Ten Difficulty：★★ We find different kinds of animals in the world． Some animals， such as tigers and lions， live in big forest and they are called 26 animals． Some others like sheep and dogs are 27 by men and they are called domestic animals（家养动 物） These animals are very different from one another， but we can 28 them ． into big groups： those that eat other animals and those that eat grass and leaves． Animals like the 29 belong to the first group． Animals are 30 great use to human beings． Men 31 wild animals for their fur and meat． Domestic animals are 32 more important to men． Without them，
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life will be 33 ． People make use of animals in many 34 ． Cows and pigs are useful to men's 35 ． They give 80％ of the 36 men eat every year． Skin of some animals can be 37 into expensive overcoats and shoes， which are warm and comfortable and 38 a long time． They are very welcome in 39 countries． Wool， which is now one of the most important materials for textile （纺织） ， comes from some certain 41 ． From cows， 40 we get milk． And we shouldn`t 42 that some domestic animals are kept for transport （运输） Many people 43 ride horses． Arabs ride on camels that travel ． in deserts for days without 44 ． In some places animals are still used to plough field． 45 is clear that men just can`t live without these animals． 26． A． wild B． serious C． terrible D． fighting 27． A． trapped B． Treated C． sold D． kept 28． A． separate B． divide C． turn D． change 29． A． chicken B． tiger C． dog D． goat 30． A． with B． to C． for D． of 31． A． hunt B． discover C． raise D． care for 32． A． quite B． very C． even D． some 33． A． smooth B． difficult C． easy D． perfect 34． A． ways B． groups C． places D． kinds 35． A． life B． work C． family D． food 36． A． meal B． meat C． dinner D． animal 37． A． put B． turned C． made D． changed 38． A． last B． cost C． take D． dress 39． A． cool B． cold C． warm D． foreign 40． A． business B． workers C． industry D． factory 41． A． sheep B． goats C． cows D． animals 42． A． forget B． rememberC． realize D． notice 43． A． always B． hardly C． still D． just 44． A． resting B． drinking C． sleeping D． stopping 45． A． That B． This C． It D． So Passage Eleven Difficulty：★★ Do you know the history of the use of cosmetics(化妆品)? Probably when 26 first painted their faces many thousand years ago, it was for the purpose of 27 their enemies in war. But there are records of women in Egypt 28 cosmetics more than four thousand years ago. These women not only painted their eyebrows, they also added a thick dark line under 29 eye, and had 30 kinds of paint for different seasons of the 31 . Women in ancient Rome used cosmetics. 32 used Egyptian KOHL for darkening the eyelids, powdered chalk for whitening the skin, and a red coloring matter for the cheeks. A rich Roman lady spent many hours over her dressing, arranging the hair and putting on make-up, 33 by a crowd of young 34 of many
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nationalities. The Roman writer Oind 35 a book on cosmetics, which gives a description of what we now call a face-pack, made 36 flour, eggs and other materials. The use of this, he says, will make the face smoother and brighter than a mirror.. In 37 , it was the custom, during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, for all ladies of all ladies of fashion to paint 38 faces and to blacken their eyebrows. In the nineteenth century there was a change of taste, however, and until about the end of the century, ladies who used make up were 39 accepted in high society. Girls were advised, just before 40 the ballroom, to bite and lick(舔) their lips and slap their cheek 41 so as to brink some 42 to the face. Today the use of cosmetics is accepted everywhere, and it is 43 to see women and girls making up in public. The 44 industry is one of the largest in some countries. And large sums of money go to the 45 of beauty parlor(美容院). 26. A. woman B. men C. man D. Egyptians 27. A. making B. hunting C. driving off D. frightening 28. A. making B. selling C. using D. inventing 29. A. one B. an C. both D. each 30. A. all B. both C. different D. every 31. A. year B. month C. century D. week 32. A. Men B. They C. Soldiers D. Those 33. A. taken B. brought C. helped D. caught 34. A. peoples B. girls C. slaves D. women 35. A. wrote B. bought C. sold D. did 36. A. into B. from C. up of D. with 37. A. France B. some countries C. a country D. England 38. A. her B. their C. his D. your 39. A. already B. also C. not D. easily 40. A. sharing B. leaving C. closing D. entering 41. A. hard B. difficulty C. quickly D. slowly 42. A. color B. cosmetics C. dirt D. materials 43. A. common B. usually C. unusually D. necessary 44. A. cosmetics B. power C. chalk D. eggs 45. A. shops B. owners C. women D. girls 高一重点完形词汇 upset adj. ignore vt. outdoors adv. entire adj. suffer vt. & vi. recover vi. & vt. exactly adv. grateful adj. swap vt. item n.
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official adj. native adj. actually adv. identity n. frequent adj. command n. & vt. request n. & vt. expression n. recognize vt. journal n. transport n. fare n. persuade vt. stubborn adj. organize vt. determine vt. pace vi. attitude n. boil vi. forecast n. & vt. parcel n. insurance n. reliable adj. burst vi. at an end steam n. ruin n. extreme adj. injure vt. destroy vt. track n. shock vt. & vi. rescue n. & vt. disaster n. shelter n. damage n. & vt. frighten vt. active adj. devote vt. principle n. fee n. violence n.
equal adj. cruelty n. reward n. rare adj. survive vi. fancy adj. decorate v. troop n. reception n. remove vt. doubt n. worth prep. apart adv. trial n. evidence n. explode vi. debate n. volunteer n. regular adj. admit vt. & vi. replace vt. motto n. swift adj. physical adj. fine vt. bargain vi. deserve vi. & vt. simplify vt. revolution n. artificial adj. solve vt. total adj. application n. finance n. mobile adj. explore vt. & vi. goal n. arise vi. appearance n. character n. protection n. decrease vi. & vt.
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reserve n. respond vi. relief n. contain vt. affect vt appreciate vt. secure adj. employ vt. inspect vt. incident n. fierce adj. pretend vt. attach vt. & vi. form vt. extra adj. familiar adj. confident adj. brief adj. devotion n. afterwards adv. sensitive adj. 常见词组和短语 add up calm (…) down be concerned go through set down on purpose suffer from get/be tired of get along with come up make use of ever since be fond of
care about make up one‘s mind give in at an end in ruins dig out out of work as a matter of fact in trouble turn to in search of belong to in return stand for as well in charge in a way with the help of deal with watch over die out in peace in danger (of) in relief burst into laughter protect … from come into being attach … to play jokes on rely on be/get familiar with break up in addition sort out above all
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Early one morning, more than a hundred years ago, an American inventor called Elias Howe finally fell asleep. He had been working all night on the design of a sewing machine but he had run into a very difficult problem: It seemed impossible to get the thread to run smoothly around the needle. Though he was tired, Howe slept badly. He turned and turned. Then he had a dream. He dreamt that he had been caught by terrible savages whose king wanted to kill him and eat him unless he could build a perfect sewing machine. When he tried to do so, Howe ran into the same problem as before. The thread kept getting caught around the needle. The king flew into the cage and ordered his soldiers to kill Howe. They came up towards him with their spears raised. But suddenly the inventor noticed something. There was a hole in the tip of each spear. The inventor awoke from the dream, realizing that he had just found the answer to the problem. Instead of trying to get the thread to run around the needle, he should make it run through a small hole in the center of the needle. This was the simple idea that finally made Howe design and build the first really practised sewing machine. Elias Howe was not the only one in finding the answer to his problem in this way. Thomas Edison, the inventor of the electric light, said his best ideas came into him in dreams. So did the great physicist Albert Einstein. Charlotte Bronte also drew in her dreams in writing Jane Eyre. To know the value of dreams, you have to understand what happens when you are asleep. Even then, a part of your mind is still working. This unconscious(无 意识的), but still active part understands your experiences and goes to work on the problems you have had during the day. It stores all sorts of information that you may have forgotten or never have really noticed. It is only when you fall asleep that this part of the brain can send messages to the part you use when you are awake. However, the unconscious part acts in a special way. It uses strange images which the conscious part may not understand at first. This is why dreams are sometimes called ―secret messages to ourselves‖. 1..According to the passage, Elias Howe was________. A. the first person we know of who solved problems in his sleep B. much more hard-working than other inventors C. the first person to design a sewing machine that really worked D. the only person at the time who knew the value of dreams 2.The problem Howe was trying to solve was________. A. what kind of thread to use B. how to design a needle which would not break C. where to put the needle D. how to prevent the thread from getting caught around the needle 3.Thomas Edison is spoken of because________. A. he also tried to invent a sewing machine
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B. he got some of his ideas from dreams C. he was one of Howe‘s best friends D. he also had difficulty in falling asleep 4.Dreams are sometimes called―secret messages to ourselves‖ because___. A. strange images are used to communicate ideas B. images which have no meaning are used C. we can never understand the real meaning D. only specially trained people can understand them 2 Language learning begins with listening. Children are greatly different in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners .Most children will ―obey‖ spoken instructions some time before they can speak, though the word ―obey‖ is hardly accurate as a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the child .Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises. Any attempt to study the development from the noises babies make to their first spoken words leads to considerable difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises, and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as particularly expressive as delight, pain, friendliness, and so on. But since these can‘t be said to show the baby‘s intention to communicate ,they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language. It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment, and that by six months they are able to add new words to their store. This self-imitation（模仿）leads on to deliberate（有意的）imitation of sounds made or words spoken to them by other people. The problem then arises as to the point at which one can say that these imitations can be considered as speech. It is a problem we need to get out teeth into. The meaning of a word depends on what a particular person means by it in a particular situation and it is clear that what a child means by a word will change as he gains more experience of the world .Thus the use at seven months of ―mama‖ as a greeting for his mother cannot be dismissed as a meaningless sound simply because he also uses it at other times for his father, his dog, or anything else he likes. Playful and meaningless imitation of what other people say continues after the child has begun to speak for himself, I doubt, however whether anything is gained when parents take advantage of this ability in an attempt to teach new sounds . 5.Before children start speaking________. A.they need equal amount of listening B.they need different amounts of listening C.they are all eager to cooperate with the adults by obeying spoken instructions D.they can‘t understand and obey the adult‘s oral instructions 6.Children who start speaking late ________.
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A.may have problems with their listening B.probably do not hear enough language spoken around them C.usually pay close attention to what they hear D.often take a long time in learning to listen properly 7.A baby‘s first noises are ________. A.an expression of his moods and feelings B.an early form of language C.a sign that he means to tell you something D.an imitation of the speech of adults 8.The problem of deciding at what point a baby‘s imitations can be considered as speech________. A.is important because words have different meanings for different people B.is not especially important because the changeover takes place gradually C.is one that should be properly understood because the meaning of words changes with age D.is one that should be completely ignored（忽略）because children‘s use of words is often meaningless 9.The speaker implies________. A.parents can never hope to teach their children new sounds B.children no longer imitate people after they begin to speak C.children who are good at imitating learn new words more quickly D.even after they have learnt to speak, children still enjoy imitating 3 The greatest recent changes have been in the lives of women. During the twentieth century there was an unusual shortening of the time of a woman‘s life spent in caring for children. A woman marrying at the end of the 19th century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old. By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years, during which custom, chance and health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usually a woman‘s youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty-five and is likely to take paid work until retirement at sixty. Even while she has the care of children ,her work is lightened by household appliances（家用电器）and convenience foods. This important change in women‘s way of life has only recently begun to have its full effect on women‘ s economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity and most of them took a full-time job. However, when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-leaving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age ,and though women tend to marry younger ,more married women stay at work at least until shortly before their first child is born. Many more after wads,
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return to full or part-time work.Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with both husband and wife accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfaction of family life, and with both husband and wife sharing more equally in providing the money and running the home, according to the abilities and interest of each of them. 10.We are told that in an average family about 1990________. A.many children died before they were five B.the youngest child would be fifteen C.seven of eight children lived to be more than five D.four or five children died when they were five 11.When she was over fifty, the late 19th century mother________. A.would expect to work until she died B.was usually expected to take up paid employment C.would be healthy enough to take up paid employment D.was unlikely to find a job even if she is now likely 12.Many girls, the passage says, are now likely to ________. A.marry so that they can get a job B.leave school as soon as they can C.give up their jobs for good after they are married D.continue working until they are going to have a baby 13.According to the passage,it is now quite usual for women to ________. A.stay at home after leaving school B.marry men younger than themselves C.start working again later in life D.marry while still at school 4 Any mistake made in the printing of a stamp raises its value to stamp collectors. A mistake on one inexpensive postage stamp has made the stamp worth a million and a half times its original value. The mistake was made more than a hundred years ago in the British colony of Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean. In 1847 an order for stamps was sent to a London printer-Mauritius was to become the fourth country in the world to issue stamps. Before the order was filled and delivered, a ball was planned at Mauritius‘ Government House, and stamps were needed to send out the invitations. A local printer was instructed to copy the design for the stamps. He accidentally inscribed the words―Post Office‖ instead of―Post Paid‖ on the several hundred stamps that he printed. Today there are only twenty-six of these misprinted stamps left fourteen One Penny Orange-Reds and twelve Two Penny Blues. Because of the Two Penny Blue‘s rareness and age, collectors have paid as much as ＄16 800 for it. 14.Over a century ago, Mauritius ________.
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A.was an independent country B.belonged to India C.was one of the British colonies D.was a small island in the Pacific Ocean 15. The mistake on the stamps was made ________. A.in Mauritius B.at Mauritius Government House C.in a post office D.in London 16. Stamp collectors have paid ?16 800 for ________. A. fourteen One Penny Orange-Reds B. twelve Two Penny Blues C. one One Penny Orange-Red D. one Two Penny Blue 5 Personal computers and the Internet give people new choices about how to spend their time. Some may use this freedom to share less time with certain friends or family members, but new technology will also let them stay in closer touch with those they care most about. I know this from personal experience. E-mail makes it easy to work at home, which is where I now spend most weekends and evenings. My working hours aren‘t necessarily much shorter than they once were but I spend fewer of them at the office. This lets me share more time with my young daughter than I might have if she‘d been born before electronic mail became such a practical tool. The Internet also makes it easy to share thoughts with a group of friends. Say you do something fun see a great movie perhaps-and there are four or five friends who might want to hear about it. If you call each one, you may tire of telling the story. With E-mail, you just write one note about your experience, at your convenience, and address it to all the friends you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time, and read only as much as they want to. They can reply at their convenience, and you can read what they have to say at your convenience. E-mail is also an inexpensive way stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use E-mail to keep in touch, even daily touch, with their children off at college. We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They don‘t take the place of any of the old ways. 17. The purpose of this passage is to ________. A. explain how to use the Internet B. describe the writer‘s joy of keeping up with the latest technology C. tell the merits(价值) and usefulness of the Internet D. introduce the reader to basic knowledge about personal computers and the Internet 18. The use of E-mail has made it possible for the writer to ________.
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A. spend less time working B. have more free time with his child C. work at home on weekends D. work at a speed comfortable to him 19. According to the writer, E-mail has an obvious advantage over the telephone because the former helps one ________. A. reach a group of people at one time conveniently B. keep one‘s communication as personal as possible C. pass on much more information than the later D. get in touch with one‘s friends faster than the later 20. The best title for this passage is ________. A. Computer: New Technological Advances B. Internet: New Tool to Maintain Good Friendship C. Computers Have Made Life Easier D. Internet: a Convenient Tool for Communication 6 ―How can I learn English well?‖ This is a question many students ask. In my opinion, the most effective way is to learn lessons by heart. If you can recite the text and write it out, you‘ve learned it fairly well. And if you can tell, in your own words, what the lesson says you‘re a very successful learner indeed. Your English will be quite perfect. This is a difficult task. However, if you try to learn by heart only part of each lesson, you‘ll find it not half so hard as you might have thought. Learning this way, you will make rapid progress. Of course, writing is also necessary. It helps you a lot on our way to success in English. Equally important is to feel the language. You should be able to laugh at jokes and be shocked at bad news. When using English, try to forget your mother tongue. Instead of helping you, your own language gets in your way. So, never try to see English through translation. 56.In the writer‘s opinion, the most effective way in learning English is ____. A.to practise speaking, writing and feeling it B.to forget your own native language C.to translate everything into his own language D.to memorize the English words and grammatical rules 57. ―Instead of helping you, your own language gets in your way.‖This sentence means that memorizing your own language can ________. A.help you to study English well B.stop you mastering English C.make English easy to learn D.help you notice mistakes 58.Equally important is to feel the language. ―to feel the language‖ here means________. A.to get a knowledge of English by touching B. to be able to read and write English
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C.to translate English into your own by imagining D.to be able to experience the rich sensation of the language 7 When we can see well, we do not think about our eyes often. It is only when we can not see perfectly that we come to see how important our eyes are. People who are nearsighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Many people who do a lot of close work, such as writing and reading, become nearsighted. Then they have to wear glasses in order to see distant things clearly. People who are farsighted face just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty reading a book unless they hold it at arm‘s length. If they want to do much reading, they must get glasses too. Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people‘s eyes become cloudy because of cataracts. Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove them. When night falls, colors become fainter to the eyes and finally disappear. After your eyes have grown used to the dark, you can see better if you use the side of your eyes rather than the centers. Sometimes, after dark, you see a small thing to one side of you, which seems to disappear if you turn your head in its direction. This is because when you turn your head, you are looking? at the thing too directly. Men on guard duty sometimes think they see something moving to one side of them. When they turn to look straight at it, they can not see it any more, and they believe they were mistaken. However, this mistake happens because the center of the eye, which is very sensitive in daylight, is not as sensitive as the sides of the eye after dark. 59.We don‘t know that our eyes are of great importance until ________. A. we think about our eyes B. we cannot see clearly C. we wear glasses D. we have to do much reading 60.According to the passage, a ________ is more likely to be nearsighted. A.tailor B. doctor C. guard D.painter 61.People who are farsighted ________ . A.cannot do a lot of close work without glasses B.can only see things that are very close to their eyes C.have difficulty reading a book if they hold it at arm‘s length D.have the same problem as the nearsighted people 62.To see a small thing at night, it is better to look ________ . A.with wide open eyes B.with half shut or narrowed eyes C.straight at it D.in a slightly different direction 8 Trees are useful to man in three important ways: they give him wood and other useful things, they give him cool places, and they help to stop drought and flood.
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Unluckily, in many parts of the world, man has not found that the third of these points is the most important. Man wants to make money from trees,so he has cut them down in large numbers, only to find that without them he has lost the best friends he had. And also, he is usually too careless to plant and look after new trees. So the forests slowly disappear. This does not only mean that man will have fewer trees. The results are even worse: for where there are trees, their roots break up soil-make the rain in-and also bind the soil, thus stopping it from being washed away easily; but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away, causing floods and carrying away the rich top-soil. When all the top-soil is gone, nothing is left but useless desert. 63.The most important points of trees to man is ________. A.they help him to make money B.they give him cool C.they give him wood and other things D.they help him to stop drought and floods 64.In many places forests slowly disappear because ________ . A.many trees have been cut down by man B.new trees are not well looked after C.man has not paid enough attention to planting trees D.all the above 65.Land becomes desert after all trees are cut down because ________ . A. roots of trees break up the soil B. there are too many rainfalls C. strong winds bring a lot of sand D. there are no longer trees to keep the rain and protect the top-soil. 66.Which title best fits the passage? A.Trees and Man B.The Function of Tree Wood C.How do People do with Trees? D.The Usage of Tree Roots 9 Laptop computers are popular all over the world. People use them on trains and airplanes, in airports and hotels. These laptops connect people to their workplace. In the United States today, laptops also connect students to their classrooms. Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want. Within five years, each of the 1500 students at the college will receive a laptop. The laptops are part of a ＄10 million computer program at Westlake, a 110-year-old college. The students with laptops will also have access to the Internet. In addition, they will be able to use e-mail to ―speak‖ with their teachers, their classmates, and their families. However, the most important part of the laptop program is that students will be able to use computers without going to computer labs. They can work with it at home, in a fast-food restaurant or under the trees-anywhere at all!
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Because of the many changes in computer technology , laptop use in higher education, such as colleges and universities, is workable. As laptops become more powerful, they become more similar to desktop computers. In addition, the portable computers can connect students to not only the Internet, but also libraries and other resources. State higher-education officials are studying? how laptops can help students. State officials are also testing laptop programs at other universities, too. At Westlake College, more than 60 percent of the staff use computers. The laptops will allow all teachers to use computers in their lessons. As one Westlake teacher said, ― Here we are in the middle of Virginia and we‘re giving students a window on the world. They can see everything and do everything.‖ 67.The main purpose of the laptop program is to give each student a laptop to ________. A.use for their schoolwork B.access the Internet C.work at home D.connect them to libraries 68.Why is the word ―speak‖ in the second paragraph in quotation marks(引号)? A.They don‘t really talk. B.They use the computer language. C.Laptops have speakers. D.None of the above reasons is correct. 69.Which of the following is true about Westlake College? A. All teachers use computers. B.1500 students have laptops. C.It is an old college in America. D.Students there can do everything. 70.?A window on the world? in the last paragraph means that students can ________. A.attend lectures on information technology B.travel around the world C.get information from around the world D.have free laptops 71.What can we infer from the passage? A.The program is successful. B.The program is not workable. C.The program is too expensive. D.We don‘t know the result yet. 10 Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people‘s. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things: they learn to do without being taught to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle, compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to.
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Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not. If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine(常规) work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can‘t find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, and how to know what they know or do not know. 72.According to the passage, the best way for children to learn things is by _. A. listening to skilled people‘s advice B. asking older people many questions C. making mistakes and having them corrected D. doing what other people do 73.Which of the following does the writer think teachers should NOT do? A.Give children correct answers. B.Allow children to make mistakes. C.Point out children‘s mistakes to them. D.Let children mark their own work. 74.According to the writer, teachers in school should ________. A.allow children to learn from each other B.point out children‘s mistakes whenever found C.give children more book knowledge D.correct children‘s mistakes as soon as possible 75.The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are ________. A.different from learning other skills B.the same as learning skills C.more important than other skills D.not really important skills
提高篇 1 （05 浙江卷 ） Compassion is a desire within us to help others．With effort, we can translate compassion into action．An experience last weekend showed me this is true．I work part-time in a supermarket across from a building for the elderly．These old people are our main customers, and it‘s not hard to lose patience over their slowness．But last Sunday, one aged gentleman appeared to teach me a valuable lesson．This untidy man walked up to my register(收款机) with a box of biscuits．He said he was out of cash(现金), had just moved into his room, and had nothing in his cupboards．He asked if we could let him have the food on trust．He promised to repay me the next
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day． I couldn‘t help staring at him．I wondered what kind of person he had been ten or twenty years before, and what he would be like if luck had gone his way． had a hurt I in my heart for this kind of human soul, all alone in the world．I told him that I was sorry, but store rules didn‘t allow me to do so．I felt stupid and unkind saying this, but I valued my job． Just then, another man, standing behind the first, spoke up．If anything, he looked more pitiable．―Charge it to me,‖ was all he said． What I had been feeling was pity．Pity is soft and safe and easy．Compassion, on the other hand, is caring in action．I thanked the second man but told him that was not allowed either．Then I reached into my pocket and paid for the biscuits myself．I reached into my pocket because these two men had reached into my heart and taught me compassion. 41．The aged gentleman who wanted to buy the biscuits ______. A．promised to obey the store rules B．forgot to take any money with him C．hoped to have the food first and pay later D．could not afford anything more expensive 42．Which of the following best describes the old gentleman? A．kind and lucky B．poor and lonely C．friendly and helpful D．hurt and disappointed 43．The writer acted upon the store rules because ______. A．he wanted to keep his present job B．he felt no pity for the old gentleman C．he considered the old man dishonest D．he expected someone else to pay for the old man 44．What does the writer learn from his experience? A．Wealth is more important than anything else. B．Helping others is easier said than done. C．Experience is better gained through practice. D．Obeying the rules means more than compassion.
2 （05 重庆卷 ） Reading is very important to help you learn English. To learn as much as you can from reading, you need to read different kinds of English. This book provides not only different kinds of English but also a good way to check your reading ability. There are four parts in the book: Part 1 is Messages: In this part somebody wants to send information in writing to somebody else. There is a test on timetables and a test on text messages.
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Part 2 is People: In this part all the tests are about people. For example, there is an informal letter between friends. There is formal (正式的) English in biography (传 记) . There is a job application as a model to help with your writing, as well as testing your reading. Part 3 is Places: In this part, too. Many different kinds of English are shown, some informal and some formal. There is the informal English of a holiday postcarD．There is also the formal English in a letter of complaint. Part 4 is Things: You will find some descriptive writing in this part. There are descriptions of clothes and of a computer. You can do these tests in any order you like, or you can do all the tests with a formal or informal text. I enjoyed writing this book and I hope you enjoy using it. 59．We can find the introduction to a product in . A．Part 1 B．Part 2 C．Part 3 D．Part 4 60．Which of the following is most probably written in informal English? A．A letter of complaint. B．A computer handbook. C．A letter to a friend D．A story of a president. 61．The passage is most probably written for . A．test designers B．students C．test-takers D．teachers 62．What is the best title of the book? A．Test Your Reading B．Help with Your Writing C．Learn Different Kinds of English D．Practise English in Different Ways
3 （05 山东卷 ） A device that stops drivers from falling asleep at the wheel is about to undergo testing at Department of Transport laboratories and could go on sale within 12 months. The system, called Driver alert, aims to reduce deadly road accidents by 20%--40% that are caused by tiredness. Airline pilots can also use it to reduce the 30% of all pilot-error accidents that are related to fatigue. Driver alert is based on a computerized wristband．The device, worn by drivers or pilots, gives out a sound about every four minutes during a car journey. After each sound the driver must respond by squeezing the steering wheel(方向盘). A sensor in the wristband detects this pressing action and measures the time between the sound and the driver‘s response. Tiredness is directly related to a driver‘s response time. Usually, a watchful driver would take about 400 milliseconds to respond, but once that falls to more than 500 milliseconds, it suggests that the driver is getting sleepy. In such cases the device gives out more regular and louder sounds, showing that the driver should open a window or stop for a rest. If the driver‘s response continues to
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slow down, the sounds become more frequent until a nonstop alarm warns that the driver must stop as soon as possible. The device has been delivered to the department‘s laboratories for testing. If these tests, scheduled for six months‘ time, are successful, the markets will bring the product to market within about a year. 72．According to the text, Driver alert _____. A．aims to reduce tiredness-related accidents B．has gone through testing at laboratories C．aims to prevent drivers from sleeping D．has been on sale for 12 months 73．How should a driver respond to the sounds from Driver alert? A．By sounding a warning. B．By touching the wristband． C．By checking the driving time. D．By pressing the steering wheel. 74．We can learn from the text that the driver needs to stop for a break when his response time is _____. A．about 400 milliseconds B．below 500 milliseconds C．over 500 milliseconds D．about 4 minutes 75．When the driver gets sleepy while driving, Driver alert _____. A．moves more regularly B．stops working properly C．opens the window for the driver D．sounds more frequently and loudly 4 （05 江苏卷 ） The twentieth century saw greater changes than any century before changes for the better, changes for the worse, changes that brought a lot of benefits to human beings, changes that put man in danger .Many things caused the changes, but, in my opinion, the most important was the progress in science. Scientific research in physics and biology has vastly broadened our views. It has given us a deeper knowledge of the structure of matter and of the universe, it has brought us a better understanding of the nature of life and of its continuous development. Technology in the application of science has made big advances that have benefited us in nearly every part of life. The continuation of such activities in the twenty-first century will result in even greater advantages to human beings: in pure science—a wider and deeper knowledge in all fields of learning; in applied science—a more reasonable sharing of material benefits, and better protection of the environment. Sadly, however, there is another side to the picture. The creativity of science has been employed in doing damage to mankind．The application of science and technology to the development and production of weapons of mass destruction has created a real danger to the continued existence of the human race on this planet. We have seen this happen in the case of nuclear weapons, Although their actual use has
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so far occurred only in the Second World War, the number of nuclear weapons that were produced and made ready for use was so large that if the weapons had actually been used, the result could have been the ruin of the human race, as well as of many kinds of animals. William Shakespeare said．―The web of our life is of a mingled yarn（纱线）, good and ill together. ―The above brief review of the application of only one part of human activities—science seems to prove what Shakespeare said．But does it have to be so? Must the ill always go together with the good? Are we biologically programmed for war? 73．From the fourth paragraph, we can infer that . A．a great many nuclear weapons were actually used for war B．a large number of nuclear weapons should have been used for war C．the author is doubtful about the ruin of human beings by nuclear weapons D．the author is anxious about the huge number of nuclear weapons on the earth 74．The underlined word ―mingled‖ in the last paragraph most probably means . A．simple B．mixed C．sad D．happy 75．What do you think the author is most likely to suggest if he continues to write? A．Further application of science to war. B．More reading of William Shakespeare. C．Proper use of science in the new century. D．Effective ways to separate the good from the ill.
5 （05 江西卷 ） OUR KIDS ARE AMAZING－especially compared with everybody else‘s (who seem to cry all the time). How do you show your love for your kids this holiday season? With toys that are smooth and colorful, interactive and exciting. And with ones that have educational value－because you are the boss. 1．FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET Here is a toy that doesn‘t need power－and the bike have to put it together themselves. This 50-piece puzzle set is made of soft-edged hardwood and makes a complete hospital, with an X-ray room. It also includes eight patients, a car and a driver. $135; flaxart.com. 2．TINY LOVE ACTIVITY BALL Sure, it‘s cool, but this colorful baby toy also develops problem solving and motor skills. It has a head and legs, a magnetic(磁性的) hand and a tail. Suitable for little ones from 6 to 36 months. $19．95; tinylove.com. 3．ROBOSAPIEN This small, remote-control robot is really powerful. It performs 67 preprogrammed functions(功能), including throwing, kicking, picking up and dancing. You can even program your own function-which, sadly, does not include doing windows.
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$99; robosapienonline.com. 4．MINI PEDAL CAR Want a Mini Cooper but can‘t fit the family inside? Get one for the kids. They can jump into this Mini car, which comes in hot orange with a single adjustable(可调的) seat, and ride away. But it could spoil them for that used car they‘ll be driving when they turn 16．For ages 3 to 5．$189; miniusA．com (click on ―gear up,‖ then ―Mini motoring gear‖). 64．Which toy is said to have the special design for children‘s safety? A．ROBOSAPIEN B．MINI PEDAL CAR C．FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET D．TINY LOVE ACTIVITY BALL 65．Which toy are fit for three-year-old kids? A．1 and 3． B．2 and 4． C．I and 2． D．3 and 4． 66．Educational value is mentioned in all the toys EXCETP _________. A．FLAX ART HOSPITAL PUZZLE AND PLAY SET B．TINY LVE ACTIVITY BALL C．ROBOSAPIEN D．MINI PEDAL CAR 67．This passage is written for __________. A．parents B．children C．the writer D．the boss 6 Does the thought of failure send a cold shiver down your spine? Failure is the thing most of us spend the greatest amount of energy trying to avoid. What is failure? In reality, when you strip away all the emotions attached to the word, failure is only feedback. Failure means that we tried a strategy and it did not work. So what should we do? It's simple. We should try something else. It is true that when we strive to do something that is new for us, we might fail. As a matter of fact, we might fail many times, but only by risking failure will we ever be able to grow. People might also remind us of our failures and tell us they knew it would not work. These people never fail because they never try to accomplish anything with their lives. If you are failing, at least you are doing something. A powerful way to deal with failure is to ask yourself "What is or could be positive in this situation?" This allows you to obtain some benefit from the experience and then to move on. Very often, we achieve our greatest success right after we have experienced our worst defeat. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a published writer, although he had never achieved remarkable success in the field. Then in 1849, a turning point occurred in his life -- he lost his full time job. He dedicated the following year to writing The Scarlett Letter which became a classic novel in American Literature. Hawthorne turned a defeat into success.
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The bottom line is that we should embrace "failure." Because if we are failing, we are learning; and if we are learning, we are growing. And growing is really what life is all about. 1.In the opinion of the writer,what is failure? A.it makes people feel trembling B.it costs us a lot of energy in life C.it is akind of feeling suffering D.it proves we find an unsuitable method 2.what should you do with failure? A.to ask yourself a question on failure first B.to learn something valuable from failure C.to go on paying no attention to it D to give up further efforts 3.why do we need to accept failure? A because life is all about failure B because we can‘t finish anything without failure C because failure can improve ourselves D because failure can teach us how to work 4. The best title for the passage is A Failure is only feedback B Failure is mother of success CFailure is unavoidable in life D Failure is a pay for you often 7 The Book Of Life So far,scientists have named about 1.8 million living species(物种),and that‘s just a small number of what probably exists on Earth.With so many plants,animal,and other living things covering the planet,it can be tough to figure out what type of grass is growing by the roadside or what kind of bird just flew by. A soon-to-be-started Web site might help.An international term of researchers has announced the creation of Web-based Encyclopedia(百科全书) of Life (EoL).The project aims to list every species on Earth in a single,easy-to-use reference guide. To get the encyclopedia started,the creators will use information from scientific databases(数据库)that already exist.And eventually,in special sections of the site,non-scientists with specialized knowledge will come to helf.Bird-watchers,for example, will be able to input what birds they‘ve seen and where. To make sure the encyclopedia is accurate, scientists will review much of the information added to it. As the EoL develops,you might find it useful for school. Projects,The site will feature (以……为特色) special pages for kids who are studying ecosystems in their
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neighborhoods.Another convenient feature of the EoL is that you‘ll be able to pick the level of detail you want to see to match your interests,age,and knowledgs. It now takes years for scientists to collect all the data they need to describes and analyze species.The creators of the Encyclopedia of Life hope that their new fool will speed up that process. 60.The Web based EoL aims to __ A. fine out what covers the earth B. list all living things on Earth C.work out the number of birds D.save the existing plants 61.One characteristic of the EoL is that ____ A. it is run by school students B. it focuses on different types of grass C. it provides different levels of information D.it allows non-scientists to review its data 62. In the last paragraph,‖that process‖means ___ A. analyzing species B. creating a new tool C. collecting data D. describing species 8 My husband Mike hated Christmas — not the true meaning of Christmas, but the commercial aspects of it — the running around at the last minute to get the gifts given in desperation Knowing he felt this way, I decided one year to reached for something special just for Mike. He inspiration came in an unusual way. Our son Kevin, who was 12 that year, was wrestling at the junior level at the school he attended; and shortly before Christmas, there was a non-league match against a team sponsored by an church. These youngsters, dressed in sneakers so ragged that shoestrings seemed to be the only thing holding them together, presented a sharp contrast to our boys in their spiffy blue and gold uniforms and sparkling new wrestling shoes. As the match began, I was alarmed to see that the other team was wrestling without headgear, a kind of light helmet designed to protect a wrestler‘s ears. It was a luxury the ragtag team obviously could not afford. Well, we ended up walloping them. We took every weight class. And as each of their boys got up from the mat, he swaggered around in his tatters with false bravado, a kind of street pride that couldn‘t acknowledge defeat. Mike loved kids — all kids — and he knew them, having coached little league football, baseball and lacrosse. That‘s when the idea for his present came. That afternoon, I went to a local sporting goods store and bought an assortment of wrestling headgear and shoes and sent the anonymously to the church.
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On Christmas Eve, I placed the envelope on the tree, the note inside telling Mike what I had done and that this was his gift from me. His smile was the brightest thing about Christmas that year and in succeeding years. For each Christmas, I followed the tradition — one year sending a group of mentally handicapped youngsters to a hockey game, another year a check to a pair of elderly brothers whose home had burned to the ground the week before Christmas, and on and on. The envelope became the highlight of our Christmas. 1 the paobable reason why Mike hated Christmas is that A he didn‘t like buying gifts for others at Christmas B he didn‘t like his Christmas gifts given by his wife C he thought buying gifts around was of no meaning D he thought people spent too much overChristmas 2.the underlined word‖spiffy‖ in Para.3 probably means A fashion B expensive C decorative D admirable 3.Mike shook his head when the other team was defeated because he thought A their skill were too bad B the game was not equal C they didn‘t play as well as usual D the game result was disappointing 4.what can we infer makes the writer buy wrestling head-gears and shoes A poorness of the team boys B Mike‘s hope for them CThe winning of the game D sympathy of the writer 5 what gift did Mike receive from his family on Christames A A satisfying smile B An envelop C A thankful letter D A beautiful Chistmas tree 9 The Internet communicationThe Internet has opened up a whole new online world for us to meet, chat and go where we‘ve never been before. But just as in face-to-face communication, there are some basic rules of behavior that should be followed when online. The basic rule is simple: treat others in the same way you would want to be treated. Imagine how you‘d feel if you were in others‘ shoes. If someone in the chat room is rude to you, your instinct(本能反应) is to fire back （反击）in the same manner. But try not to do so. You should either ignore(不
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理睬) the person, or use your chat software（软件） to block(阻止) his messages. Everyone was new to the network once.（没有人刚上网就很熟练） Offer your advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure what to do or how to communicate. When someone makes a mistake, whether it‘s a stupid（愚蠢的） question or an unnecessarily long answer, be kind about it. If it‘s a small mistake, you may not need to say anything. Even if you feel bad about it, think twice （三思）before saying anything. If you do decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out politely. At the same time, if you find you are wrong, be sure to correct yourself and apologize （道 歉）to those who you have offended(冒犯). It is not polite to ask others personal questions such as their age, sex and marital status（婚姻状况）. Unless you know the person very well, and you are both comfortable with sharing personal information, don‘t ask such questions. 1 wher you send short messages to a person,you must A make sure that they mean no harm B read them again and again C say something good to hear D repeat them later to the person‘s face 2,if you are hurt in the chat room by others,you should A fight back in the same way B take them seriously C have none of them D be angry with them 3.if a newcomer who communicates online makes any mistakes,you Ashould point them out sharply B shouldn‘t give any advice unless required by them C shouldn‘t say something about them D.should take your responsibility to correct them 4 This passage mainly tells us about A some rules of Internet communication B ways of sending messages on the Internet C rules of chat room D ways of making friends on the Internet 10 John H. Johnson was born in a black family in Arkansas City in 1981. His father died in an accident when John was six. He was reaching the high school age, but his hometown offered no high school for blacks. Fortunately he had a strong—willed caring mother. John remembered that his mother told him many times, ―Son, you can be anything you want really to be if you just believe.‖ She told him not to depend on others, including his mother. ―You have to learn success‖ she said. ―All the people who work hard don‘t succeed, but the only
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people who do succeed are those who work hard.‖ These words, came from a woman with less than a third grade education. She also knew that believing and hard work don‘t mean everything. So she worked hard as a cook for two years to save enough to take her son, who was then 15, to Chicago. Chicago in 1933 was not the promised land that black southerners were looking for. John‘s mother and stepfather could not find work. But here John could go to school, and here he learned the power of words--as an editor of the newspaper and yearbook at Du Sable High School. His wish was to publish a magazine for blacks. While others discouraged him, John‘s mother offered him more words to live by ―Nothing beats a failure but a try.‖ She also let him pawn （典当） her furniture to get the $ 500 he needed to start the Negro magazine. It is natural that difficulties and failures followed john closely until he become very successful. He always keeps his mother‘s words in mind:‖ Son, failure is not in your vocabulary!‖ Now John H. Johnson is one of the 400 richest people in America--worth $150 million. 1. What does the story mainly want to show us? A. The key to success for blacks. B. The mental support John‘s mother gave him. C. The importance of a good education. D. How John H. Johnson became successful. 2. Why did John‘s mother decide to move to Chicago? A. Because his father died when John was very young. B. Because life was too hard for them to stay on in their hometown. C. Because John needed more education badly. D. Because there were no schools for Negroes in their hometown. 3. Which of the following statemtents is TRUE according to the passage? A. John‘s mother didn‘t believe in or depend on others. B. John‘s mother believed one would succeed without working hard. C. John‘s mother thought one could be whatever one wanted to be. D. John‘s mother thought no one could succeed without working hard. 4. What does the underlined sentence ―Nothing beats a failure but a try.‖ in Passage 5 mean? A. No failure can be beaten unless you try. B. If you try, you would succeed. C. A try is always followed by a failure. D. A failure is difficult to beat, even if you try.
(1) Once, lately at night, an Englishman came out of his room into a passage of the
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hotel and ask the servant to bring her a glass of water. The servant did as he asked. The Englishman returned his room, and a few minutes later he came into the passage again and once more asked the servant a glass of water.Every a few minutes the Englishman would come out of his room and repeated his request. After half an hour the astonishing servant decided to ask the man what he was doing with the water. "Nothing," answered he calmly. "It's simply that the room is on fire. (2) I gave my housekeeper an old pair trousers to wash and went in the study to read. My housekeeper usually looked through my pocket before wash my clothes, but for some reasons she failed to do so this time. As I was reading, I suddenly remember that there was a five-pounds note in the back pocket of the trousers I had told her to wash it. I dropped my book and rushed into the bathroom, but it is too late. My housekeeper says that my trousers had been in the washing machine for fifteen minutes already. (3) One afternoon on April, 1912 , a new ship set off from England to America on it first trip. It was one of the largest and first ship at that time. It was cold, but the ship was pleasant and people are enjoying themselves. The next day was even cold. People could see icebergs here or there. It was night, suddenly,the man on watch shouting "Look out! Iceberg!" It was too late, a ship hit the iceberg and came to a stop, there that was a very big hole in the ship and water began to come. Slowly the ship started to go down. (4) I've a friend who has a big police dog is named Jack.Every Sunday afternoon my friend takes Jack a long walk in the park. Jack likes these walks in the park very well.One Sunday a young man dropped in my friend. He stayed 4. a long time. He talked and talked. Soon it was the time for my friend to take Jack for his walk, but the visitor still sat talking. Jack became worried his walk in the park. He walked
around the room several times but then he sat right in front of the visitor and looked
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him. But the visitor paid none attention. He continued talking. Finally Jack could stand it no longer. He hold the visitor's hat in his mouth. (5) June 12,Sunday Fine Today is Sunday, I didn't get up early as usually. In the morning after I finished my homework, I do some washing.Then I telephoned one of my classmate and invited him to see a film. And unfortunately, when we got to the cinema at 3:00 p.m. we found all the tickets had sold out. Then we went back to school and played the football.After this, when we were about to go home ,we saw our English teacher, Mr. Wang, coming into the school gate. He told us we have made great progress in English. this term He also suggested that we should read more and wrote more. We promised him that we would listen his advice. (6) In autumn of 1935,when I was a young man, I was traveling in the north of Indian. One evening after hunting in the forest all day, I was returning to the place which I had put up my tent. It was getting dark, but I was walking along a road. Suddenly I saw two eye glaring at me from among the trees.What can I do? Should I jump into the river to save my life? Then I looked at the right. In the river there had a big crocodile waiting to welcome me with its mouth was wide open.
高考英语提高作文成绩必备的20个词组 1. 一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others… 2. 完全不同的观点 a totally different argument 3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology
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4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges 5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that… 6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development 7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention 8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that… 9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate 10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 11. 人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长 the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people‘s living standard 12.经济的快速发展 with the rapid development of economy 13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally, 14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on… 15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons 16.双方的论点 argument on both sides 17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in… 18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to …
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19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 20.…也不例外 …be no exception 实战演练： 一．假设你是李华，最近国内一家英文报纸正在讨论北京动物园是否应迁出市 区。以下是你所在班级讨论的情况。请你给该报写一封信，反映讨论结果。 赞成迁出： 1.游客多，交通堵塞. 2.郊区环境好 反对迁出： 1.建于1906年，中外闻名 2 .搬迁易造成动物死亡
注意：1.词数100字左右，信的开头已为你写好。 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3.参考词汇： 郊区—suburb 二．假设你是李华，你在报上看到北京电视台今年七月将举办外国人―学中文， 唱中文歌‖才艺大赛。你的美国朋友Peter正在北京一所大学学中文，你觉得他应 去试一试。请按以下要点给他写信告知此事，并表示可以提供帮助。 比赛时间：7 月18日 。 报名时间：截止到6月30日。 报名地点：北京电视台 注意：1.词数：100左右 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯 3.参考词汇：才艺大赛—talent show 三．假设你是李华，加拿大一所学校将于今年暑假组织学生来你校访问。其间， Andy Smith将借住你家。请你代表全家写信给Andy，欢迎他的到来，并告知有 关事宜。信的要点如下： 1. 上午：学校活动 2.下午：游览市区 3. 晚上：看电视，玩游戏，聊天 注意：1. 词数：100左右 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯
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3. 参考词汇：安排arrange 四．假设你是李越,你的加拿大笔友Steve来信说,他和他的一些同学正在学中文, 请你推荐两本学中文的词典.根据下表提供的信息,请你给他写一封回信. 英汉/汉英词典新华字典 收词(字)18,000(英语) 20,000(汉语)10,000 价格52元11元 特点大量例子、用法说明,适合初学者中国最常用的汉语字典参考词汇: ·推荐 recommend (V.) ·英汉/汉英词典 The English-Chinese Chinese-English Dictionary (ECCED) ·新华字典 Xinhua Dictionary (XD)
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