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人教版高一英语必修一 unit4 earthquake warming up and reading


The night the earth didn’t sleep
“地球不眠夜”

Reading advice/suggestions:
A. Skimming:( 略读)(找重点词和句子以便理解 文章大意) Read the important words and sentences to get a brief idea abou

t the topic of the text. B. Doing exercises:(找题目关键词→返回文 章对应处→答案) Find the questions’ important words→ go back to the text→ answers

Part I (Para.1)
Main idea:
Strange things _____________ happened in Tangshan ______ the earthquake. before What are the strange things before the earthquake?

warning signs before an earthquake

* well water… rose and fell

* well walls …
had deep cracks in them

*a smelly gas…
came out of the cracks

warning signs before an earthquake

* animals: chickens and pigs/mice and fish … * in the sky: bright lights/the sound…
* water pipes:

Part II (Para.2--3)

Main idea:
The damage caused by the _______ earthquake.

Part II (Para.2--3): detail reading
_______ burst from holes in the ground. Steam ★ Hard hills of the rock became rivers of ____. dirt ★ Bricks ______covered the ground like red autumn leaves. ★ Two _______ and most of the bridges fell. dams useless ★ The railway tracks were now _________ pieces of _______. steel ★ ______ now filled the wells instead of water. Sand ★ Water, food, and __________ were hard to get. electricity


The world seemed at an end. Everything was destroyed.

Part II (Para.2--3): Data(数据)
1/3 _____of the nation felt the earthquake . 8 ★ A huge crack that was _____ kilometers long and _____ meters wide cut across houses, roads, canals. 30 15 ★ In _____ terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. ★ ____ of the people died or were injured during 2/3 the earthquake. ★ The number of people who were killed or injured 400,000 reached more than __________. ★ All of the city’s hospitals, ______of its factories 75% 90% and buildings and ______of its homes were gone.


It was the greatest earthquake of the 20th century.

Part III (Para.4)

Main idea:
_________ came to help the The army hope survivors, bringing _____ for a new life.

Part III (Para.4): detail reading
What did they do for the city?
Firstly, ___________________ dig out …& bury ...

rescue the coal miners secondly,_______________________
thirdly, ___________________________ build shelters for survivors at last, _____________________ transport the water

Strange things happened in Tangshan. For a few ____________ days, water in the wells ____________. From the rose and fell cracks smelly gas ______ of wells __________came out. Mice, chicken, nervous pigs and even fish became ________. But the people thought little of in Tangshan _______________ these events. At 3:00 shake am, everything began to ______. It seemed that the at an end One-third world was _________. _________ of the nation felt crack it. A huge _____ cut across the city, then the city lay in ruins died _______. Two-thirds of the people _____or were injured _______. Then later that afternoon, another big quake shook Tangshan. People began to wonder _____ the disaster would last all hope how long ____________________. But ________ survivors was not lost. Soldiers came to help those _________. breathe Slowly, the city began to _________again.


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