素能提升演练（六） 必修 2 Unit 1 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. Of the six people in the plane that crashed, only one ________(幸存). 2. Who has been ________(挑选)to take part in the project? 3. This course is _______(设计) as
an introduction to the subject. 4. I don’t _________ (喜欢)going out in such bad weather. 5. We ________(装饰) the house for Christmas. 6. He _________(除去) the mud from his shoes. 7. These flowers are very _______（稀有的）in this country. 8. I paid only 3, 000 for this used car but it’s ________(值) a lot more. 9. I was ________（吃惊）to find her there. 10. We are sending you some money in return for your ________（宝贵的）help. Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. _______________（毫无疑问）recycling helps save our precious natural resources. 2. Mozart was very famous ______________ (在……时)Beethoven began his career. 3. I __________________(永远也不可能做到的) it without your help. 4. I really don’t know ___________________(先做哪一个). 5. Reference books ____________________ (不允许带出)the library. 6. Computers can ____________________(设计用来……) playing games. Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. —How much do you think the coat will _______ ? —Not much. It is _______ 50 dollars at the most. A. cost; worth B. worth; cost C. take; cost D. spend; worth 2. [2012 铜陵模拟]—Anything to drink? What about coffee? —Er. . . I think I’ll have a cold drink ______ coffee. A. other than B. more than C. less than D. rather than 3. At present, many people from countryside went to the cities ______ better jobs. A. in search of B．in place of C．in memory of D．in spite of 4. Advertising companies are always having to think up new ways to _______ products. A. design B. classify C. promote D. identify 5. ［2012 泉州模拟］ You helped me with my study._______ ， show you some picture books. I’ll A．In advance B．In return C．In case D．In addition 6. Whether by accident or _______ , he arrived too late to help us. A. purpose B．aim C．design D．chance 7. A troop of carefully selected soldiers set out in search of those who might ______ the terrible coal mine accident． A．live B．rescue C．exist D．survive 8. With the development of science and technology，there is no doubt ______ Chinese astronauts
will land on the moon in the near future． A．whether B．that C．what D．which 9. ［2012 聊城模拟］—Does China have cultural relics? —Yes, it is admitted that many cultural relics in the world, such as the Great Wall, the Potala Palace, the Magao Caves and so on, ______ China. A. belongs to B. are belonging to C. belonged to D. belong to 10. Your desk is crowded with too many unnecessary things，including used papers and books．You’d better _________ some of them． A．remain B．resist C．remove D．recover 11．—Mum! Alice has broken my CD player! — ________ After all，she couldn’t have done it on purpose． A．What’s the matter? B．It doesn’t matter． C．No trouble at all． D．How come? 12. —I didn’t know you were good friends. —You _______ . I have known her since she moved here. You were studying abroad then. A. may have B. needn’t have C. couldn’t have D. must have 13. ［2012 亳州模拟］We had to ________ the engine piece by piece for transport. A. take up B．take out C．take off D．take apart 14. —How do you feel about your headmaster? —He loves us very much and he is well __________． A．considered as B．talked of C．cared about D．thought of 15. The two countries couldn’t reach an agreement in _________ peace talk and finally went to _______ war． A．the；／ B．the；the C．／；the D．／；a Ⅳ. 阅读理解 ［2012 枣庄模拟］ A total of 120 middle school students from 35 countries will attend the final of an international China language contest, to be held in southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality from Oct. 16 to 30. The candidates, aged from 15 to 20, must be from foreign countries and not native Chinese speakers, said a statement issued by the Chinese Language Council (CLC), the contest’s organizer, here Thursday. All of the candidates have passed the preliminary contests (初赛) held in their own countries. According to the organizer, the competition will have a top prize, five second prizes, 10 third prizes and a dozen prizes for special talents. The organizer will also launch an online vote for “the most liked candidate”. It was the third year China has held the contest. “The competition not only tests the proficiency of Chinese language but also the candidates’ capability to communicate across different cultures, ” the statement said.
All the candidates in the final will receive scholarships from the Chinese government, said Hu Hangyu, an official with the Education Bureau of the Chongqing Municipality, jointly organizing the contest. They will also meet local Chinese students and live with Chinese families, Hu said. “The competition is to meet the increasing demand for Chinese learning by foreign youngsters, ” said Xu Lin, the CLC director. The CLC has also hosted similar contests for foreign college students since 2002. China has been working to promote Chinese language learning abroad over the past few years. According to the CLC, the country had 282 Confucius Institutes and 272 “Confucius Classrooms” in 88 countries and regions as of 2009 since the first one was established in 2004. 1. The text is intended to_______ . A. show the popularity of Chinese language learning in the world B. introduce an international Chinese language learning test system C. make readers aware of the importance of Chinese language learning D. report an international Chinese language contest to be held 2. The candidates must be _________ . A. foreign college students B. non-native middle school students C. native Chinese students D. students from Confucius Institutes 3. What has China been doing to promote Chinese language learning abroad according to the text? A. Thousands of Chinese teachers are sent abroad to teach the language. B. 282 Confucius Institutes are established in China to teach Chinese. C. The Chinese language contests for foreign students are regularly held. D. Many Chinese students are sent abroad for culture exchanges every year. 4. In which part of the newspaper is the text most likely to be found? A. Education. B. Advertisement. C. Business. D. Entertainment. Ⅴ. 任务型读写 ［2012 淮南模拟］ 阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填一个单词。 A conflict at work is common. If you can avoid conflicts, it means you will win what you want regardless of what the other person wants. Since the potential issue has not been removed, it will simply reappear later. Here are the necessary steps to effectively get rid of conflicts at work. ★Be aware of the fact that some conflicts are unavoidable at work. On numerous occasions, conflict and disagreement are likely to happen. But when a conflict happens, it’s not the end of the world. On the contrary, it can be the beginning of an interesting learning process. Conflicts mean that people care enough to disagree strongly. The trick is not to allow the conflict to go on forever. ★ Deal with conflicts sooner rather than later. Solve a conflict when it starts, as it only gets worse with time going by. Conflicts at work arise not from something that was said, but from something that wasn’t said! Everyone’s waiting for the other to admit he’s wrong and gets more unpleasant after the conflict has lasted a while. It’s essential to interrupt the “waiting game” before it gets to that point.
★ Ask nicely. If somebody has done something that made you angry, or if you don’t understand their viewpoints or actions, simply asking nicely about it can make a world of difference. Never assume that people do what they do to annoy or hurt you. Sometimes there’s a good reason why that person does what he or she does, and a potential conflict disappears right there. Do remember to make an inquiry, not an accusation of any sort. ★ Appreciate. Praise the other part in the conflict. Tell them why it’s worth it to you to solve the conflict. This can be difficult as few people find it easy to praise and appreciate a person they disagree strongly with, but it’s a great way to move forward. Topic Reason How to （1）_______ conflicts at work Conflicts won’t （2）______ if not dealt with. ●Don’t be afraid of conflicts which can happen in many （4） __________ and try to resolve a conflict soon or it will get （5） __________. ●Interrupt the “waiting game” and try to admit your （6） _________ actively. ●Don’t imagine people doing something to make you （7） ___________ on purpose. ●Remember not to （8）________ others, but ask them nicely about what they do, which may make a difference. ●Try to appreciate the other part in the conflict although it is （9） _________ to do so. If you learn to do with conflicts, you’ll work in joy.
（3）________ on handling conflicts
答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. survived 2. selected 3. designed 4. fancy/like 5. decorated 6. removed 7. rare 8. worth 9. amazed 10. valuable Ⅱ. 1. There is no doubt that 2. at the time when 3. never could have done 4.which to do first 5. may not be removed from 6. be designed for Ⅲ. 1. 【解析】选 A。句意：——你认为这件大衣要花多少钱？——花不多，最多值 50 美 元。cost 花费，结构是 sth. cost(s) (sb. )+钱，“be worth+钱”表示值多少钱。根据句意，应选 A。 2. 【解析】选 D。句意：——喝点什么？咖啡怎么样？——呃……我想我要喝一杯冷饮而 不是咖啡。other than 除了；more than 多于；less than 少于；rather than 而不是。 3. 【解析】选 A。句意：目前，许多农民到城里来寻找好一些的工作。in search of 寻找， 寻求，符合句意。in place of 代替，顶替；in memory of 为了纪念；in spite of 虽然，尽管, 均 不合句意。 4. 【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意：广告公司总是要想出新的方法来推销产品。广告 公司要促销，故此处用 promote 符合语境；design 设计；classify 分类；identify 鉴别，确 定身份。
5. 【解析】选 B。in return 意为“作为回报”。in advance 意为“提前”；in case 意为“万一”；in addition 意为“除此之外”。句意：你在学习上帮助了我。作为回报，我将给你看一些画册。 【变式备选】 They helped me a lot when I was in trouble, but they wanted nothing ______ , for which I was grateful to them. A. in addition B. in return C. in case D. in brief 【解析】选 B。考查介词短语。句意：在我困难时他们给了我极大帮助，但他们却不想要任 何回报，我为此非常感激。in return 作为回报，符合句意；in addition 除此之外；in case 万 一；in brief 简言之。 6. 【解析】选 C。考查短语用法。句意：不知道是碰巧，还是故意，他来得太晚了，没能 帮上我们。 purpose 常与介词 on, for 或 with 连用; aim 目标； chance 偶然地, 与 by accident by 同义；by design 蓄意地，故意地。 7.【解析】选 D。考查动词辨析。survive 幸存。句意：一支经过精心挑选的部队出发去寻找 在可怕的煤矿事故中可能幸存下来的人。live 生活，居住；rescue 援救，营救；exist 存在， 生存。 8. 【解析】选 B。考查固定句型。there is no doubt that. . . 意为“毫无疑问……”，that 引导同 位语从句，解释说明 doubt 的具体内容。 9. 【解析】选 D。考查 belong to 的用法。belong to “属于”，无被动语态和进行时态，故 排除 B 项。另外，句中 belong to 的主语为“many cultural relics”, 全句时态为现在时态，故 判断应选 D 项 。 【变式备选】 As we all know，tigers and cats ________ the same family of beasts． A．belonged to B．are belonged to C．belong to D．are belonging to 【解析】选 C。考查短语用法。belong to 意为“属于”，一般不用于进行时态，也不用于被动 语态，故排除选项 B、D。再根据句意“正如我们都知道的，虎和猫在兽类中属于同一科”， 可知应用一般现在时，所以选 C。 10. 【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意：你的桌子上堆满了太多不需要的东西，包括用过 的试卷和书本。你最好拿走一些。remove 移动，搬开。remain 保持，仍然是；resist 抵抗， 对抗；recover 恢复，收回。 11． 【解析】选 B。考查交际用语。根据答语中“毕竟她不可能是故意的”，可知答案为选项 B。It doesn’t matter. 没关系。 12. 【解析】选 C。考查情态动词用法。从后面的“自从她搬到这里我才认识她的，而你当 时正在国外学习”可知， 此处应为“你不可能知道”， 与上句的 didn’t know 相对应, 选 couldn’t have (known)符合语境。 【变式备选】 —What’s wrong with you? —Oh, I am sick. I ________ so much ice cream just now. A. shouldn’t eat B. mustn’t eat C. couldn’t have eaten D. shouldn’t have eaten 【解析】 D。 选 考查情态动词用法。 根据语境可知， “我”不舒服的原因是吃了太多的冰激凌， 故由此可知，此句要表达的是“我刚才不应该吃那么多的冰激凌”。表示过去不应做某事，要 用 shouldn’t have done sth. 。couldn’t have done sth. 过去不可能做过某事。
13. 【解析】选 D。考查动词短语辨析。句意：为了运输，我们不得不把这台机器一点一点 地拆开。take apart 拆开。 14. 解析】 D。 【 选 考查短语辨析。 答语句意： 他很爱我们, 我们对他评价很高。 此处考查 think well of(对……评价很高)的被动结构。 15. 【解析】选 A。考查冠词。talk 前加 the 特指那次谈判；go to war 开战，诉诸武力，发 动战争。句意：两国没能在和平谈判中达成共识，最终诉诸了武力。 Ⅳ. 1. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。本文是新闻报道。新闻报道的主题一般在开头就呈现， 本文也不例外。从第一段我们就可以看出“世界中学生中文比赛的决赛将于 10 月 16 号至 30 号在中国重庆市举行，共有来自 35 个国家的 120 名中学生参加本次比赛”。因此 D 项正确。 2. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。根据文章首句中的“middle school students from 35 countries” 和第二段中的“from foreign countries and not native Chinese speakers”，我们可以锁定 B 项。 3. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。本文除了重点讲“世界中学生中文比赛”，还在倒数第二段 提到“为国外大学生举办的类似的汉语比赛（hosted similar contests for foreign college students）”，故 C 项正确。A 项和 D 项文中并没有提到。文章在最后一段提到“中国已经在 全球 88 个国家和地区建立了 282 所孔子学院和 272 个孔子课堂”， 并非是 B 项中的“in China”。 4. 【解析】选 A。推理判断题。由于本文是关于世界中学生中文决赛的，故应该最可能出 现在报纸的“教育版”上。 Ⅴ. 答案：1. handle/solve/remove/avoid 2. disappear 3. Tip(s)/Suggestion(s)/Advice 4. cases/circumstances 5. worse 6. mistake(s)/fault(s) 7. annoyed/hurt/angry 8. accuse/blame 9. hard/difficult 10. Conclusion