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Book5 Unit5 TextA


Unit5 First Aid

What kind of first aid should you give in these situation?

a snake bite

bleeding

a sprained ankle

4

choking<

br />
a broken arm

a nosebleed

A snake has bitten him on the leg.

Lay the person down and keep him still. Do not wash the venom(毒液) off the skin. Apply pressure to the bitten part with your hands. Do not move him until the doctor comes.

She has cut her arm with some broken glass and is bleeding badly.

Put a bandage on the wound and apply pressure to reduce the bleeding

He has badly sprained his ankle.

Get him to sit down and then put some ice on his ankle to reduce the swelling. Get him to put his foot up on a chair and bandage his ankle up firmly.

She is choking on a piece of food.

Bend her forward and give her three or four times quick, hard slaps between the shoulder blades (肩胛)with hand.

She has broken her arm.

Do not move the broken bone if possible. Keep the arm still using a bandage. Call for help immediately.

His nose is bleeding. He has a nosebleed.

Sit down and bend forward slightly. Squeeze his nose just below the bridge (鼻梁) until the bleeding stops.

What happened to the girl?

Reading First Aid for Burns
How do you think her mother will deal with the burn?

What is the main purpose of the text?
A. To tell us the causes of burns. B. To explain the three types of burns. C. To show the symptoms of burns. D. To tell us what to do if someone gets burnt.

3 ____ the three types of burns 5 ____ what to do if someone gets burned

1 ____ the function of skin
4 ____ the symptoms of burns

2 ____ how we get burns

Unit 5

First Aid For Burn

Careful reading: Part 1 -- the function of skin
How many layers of skin do people have?

The functions of skin:
1)Protect you against 2) Keep you 3) Prevent you from 4) Give you . , ; ; and

; or

Careful reading: Part 1 -- the function of skin
How many layers of skin do people have? the top/first layer the second layer the third layer

The functions of skin:
1)Protect you against diseases , poisons and the sun’s harmful rays ; 2) Keep you warm or cool ; 3) Prevent you from losing to much water; 4) Give you sense of touch .

steam

fire

chemical

radiation

Part 2 --- Causes of burns
How can we get burnt?

the sun

hot liquid

electricity

Part 3 Types of burns
Which layer of the skin does the different types of burns affect? First degree burns the top layer of the skin Second degree burns the top and the second layer of the skin

Third degree burns all three layers of the skin

Part 4 Characteristics of burns
first degree burns
A

second degree burns
B

third degree burns

C

Part 4 Discribe the characteristics of burns

dry, red and mildly swollen… rough, red and swollen with blisters… black and white and charred…

Part 5 First aid treatment
Dos
1. ________ clothing and jewelry near Take off the burns. 2. ______ the burns with cool but not icy Cool water. 3. ______ cool, clean wet cloths on the Place burns. 4. Dry the burned area gently. _____

Dos
5. ______ the burned area with a dry Cover clean bandage. 6. ______ the burned area ______ than Keep higher the heart, if possible. 7. _____ the victim ___ the doctor or to Get hospital, if the injuries are second or third degree burns.

Don'ts
1. Do not _______ the clothing that is remove stuck to the burns. 2. Do not cool the burns with _____ water. icy 3. Do not put cool water on _____ degree third burns. 4. Do not ____ butter, oil, ointment on put burns. 5. Do not ____ the burns, it will break the rub blisters.

Simmary

Removing clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.
Take off other clothing and jewellery near burns.

Place burns under gently running water for about 10 minutes.

Dip the burns under cool water to stop the pain and prevent or reduce swelling.

Place cool, clean, wet cloths on burns until the pain is not so bad.

If the injuries are second degree or third degree burns, it is vital to get the girl to the doctor or hospital at once.

Discussion
1. Sam knocked over a kettle full of boiling water onto his legs. His legs became red, swollen and covered with blisters. Sam broke the blisters and poured icy water from the fridge onto the skin. 2. While ironing clothes, Miss Good accidentally touched the iron. Her wrist blistered and became watery. It hurt a lot. She put her wrist under the cold water tap and then kept placing cool, clean, damp cloths on it until it was less painful. Then she went to see the doctor.

3. Mrs Casey’s sleeve caught fire while she was cooking. Her arm looked terrible but it didn’t hurt. The skin was charred. Her husband took off her blouse and picked off bits of the blouse stuck to the burn. He then placed butter on the burn and covered it with a wet bandage.
4. After an hour in the sun, Lily noticed her arms were red and hurt a bit. She went home and put them under cool running water.

Important numbers

120 119 110

Emergency medical service Fire department Police department

Search as much information as you can about first aid http://www. healthy. net/clinic/first aid/ http://kids health. org/parent/first aid_ safe/

The skin is an essential part of our body and its largest organ .We have three layers of skin. 1)Protect you against diseases , poisons and the sun’s harmful rays ; 2) Keep you warm or cool ; 3) Prevent you from losing to much water; 4) Give you sense of touch . function

Summary
There are _______ types of burns depending on three which _______ are burned. layers top _______________ First degree burns affect only the _____ layer and should feel better within _______________. a day or two Second degree burnsaffect both the _____ and the top ________________ second serious _______ layer. These burns are _______ and take a few weeks ______________ to heal. Third degree burns affect all ______ layers and three ________________ tissue organs any ______ and ______ under the skin. They are very _______ injuries and the victim must go to a ________ severe hospital at once.


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