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陕西省宝鸡市2010届高三下学期质量检测题(英语)含答案


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2010 年陈仓区高三摸底考试试题(二) 英语
(考试时间 120 分钟,满分 150 分)

第 I 卷(选择题)

校对:王静

第一节 因标知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、

C、D 四个选项中,找出其所给单词的正确读音,并在答题卡上将该 选项涂黑。

第二节情景对话(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。(注意:E 涂 AB;F 涂 AC;G 涂 AD) Dorothy and Debbie are two friends. One year later, they happen to meet in the street. —Debbie ! I can' t believe it ! I haven' t seen yon for ages. —Dorothy! It's really a nice surprise! 6 —Pretty good. — 7 —I wish I could, but I' m on my way out. I have to be in the city in an hour. — 8 —There's a lot of truffle and I really have to get going. You know where I live—why don' t you drop in one evening? —I' ll do that. 9 Let' s keep in touch. —I' d really like to. I' ll talk to you soon, Debbie. I' m glad I ran into you. — 10 A. Take care: B. How are you? C. Where have you been?,ks5u D. Can you join me? E. Come on, just for a minute. F. And you should feel free to call or visit me. G. It' s been a whole year since we saw each other last, time. 第三节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 11. —It looks heavy. Can I give you a hand? — . A. No, thanks B. Yes, my pleasure C. No, never mind D. Yes, I do。 12. How about taking short break? I want to make call.
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A. the; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a 13. Everybody was touched words after they heard her moving story. A. of B. without C. beyond D. in 14. matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which 15. It's already 10 o' clock. I wonder how it that she was two hours late on such a short trip. A. came over B. came out C. came about D. came up 16. My friend showed me round the, town, was very kind of him. A. which B. that C. where D. it 17. —Have you heard the latest news? —No, What ? A. is it B. is there C. am. they D. are those 18. I can' t leave. She told me, that I stay here until, she comes back. A. can B. must C. will D. may 19. He has made a lot of films, but good ones.. A. any B. some C. few D. many 20. His sister left home in 1998, and since. A. had not been heard of B. has not been heard of C. had not heard of D. has not heard of 21. Every minute should he made full use of our lessons. ? A. studying B. to study C. study D. being studied? 22. Of the seven days in a week, Saturday is said to be the most popular for a wedding in some countries. A. way B. situation C. event D. choice 23. —You started all the trouble. —But I didn’t to. A. want B. like C. mean D. hope 24. —Hi, Alice, you look tired. —I am tired. I the living room all day. A. painted B. had painted C. have been painting D. have painted 25. Jenny nearly missed the flight doing too much shopping. A. as a result of B. on top of C. in front of D. in need of 第四节:完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出适合填入对应空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将给选项涂黑高考资源网。 One of my father' s favorite sayings as I was growing up was "Try it!" I couldn’t say I didn’t like 26 , whatever it might be, 27 I tried it. Over the years I' ve come to 28 how much of my success I owe to my 29 of those words as one of my values. My 30 job was just one I decided to try for a couple of years until I 31 what I wanted to do as a career (职业) . 32 I believed I would work for a few years, get married, stay home and raise a family, so I didn’t think the job I took 33 that much. I couldn’t have been more 34 . I mastered the skills of that beginning level position and I was given the opportunity (机会)to 35 through the company into
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different 36 . I accepted each new opportunity with the 37 , "Well, I' 11 try it; if I don' t like it I can always go back to my 38 position. " But I was with the same company for the past 28 years , and I' ve 39 every career change I' ve made. I' ve discovered I 40 a large number of different talents (才能) and Skills that I never would have thought were within me had it .not been for my being 41 trying new opportunities. I' ve also discovered that if I 42 what I' m doing and work hard at achieving my 43 , I will succeed. That’s why I am so 44 to be a part of CareerFables.com. I think 45 has come and I am determined to make it a successwww.ks5u.com. 26. A. everything B. something C. everybody D. somebody 27. A. until after B. ever since C. so that D. long before 28. A. consider B. argue C. include D. realize 29. A. suggestion B. explanation C. acceptance D. discussion 30. A. hard B. best C. extra D. first 31. A. determined B. examined C. experienced D. introduced 32. A. Actually B. Gradually C. Finally D. Usually 33. A. helped B. required C. expressed D. mattered 34. A. careful B. mistaken C. interested D. prepared 35. A. look up B. take up C. move up D. put up 36. A. situations B. choices C. directions D. positions 37. A. thought B. reply C. action D. advice 38, A. easier B. newer C. earlier D. higher 39. A. permitted B. counted C. organized D. enjoyed 40. A. show B. possess C. need D. gather 41. A. lucky for B. slow at C. open to D. afraid of 42. A. think of B. give away C. believe in D. turn into 43. A. business B. goal C. fortune D. growth 44. A. excited B. curious C. surprised D. helpful 45. A. dream B. time . C. power D. honor

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A We have two daughters: Kristen is seven years old and Kelly is four. Last Sunday evening, we invited some people home for dinner. I dressed them nicely for the party, and told them that their job was to join Mommy in answering the door when the bell rang. Mommy would introduce them to the guests, and ks5uthen they would take the guests' coats upstairs and put them on the bed in the second bedroom. The guests arrived. I introduced my two daughters to each of them. The adults were nice and kind and said how lucky we were to have such good kids. Each of the guests made a particular fuss over Kelly, the younger one, admiring her dress, her hair and her smile. They said she was a remarkable girl to be carrying coats upstairs at her age. I thought to myself that we adults usually make a big "to do" over the younger one because she' s the one who seems more easily hurt. We do it with the best of intentions.
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But we seldom think of how it might affect the other child. I was a little worried that Kristen would feel she was being outshined(相形见绌). I was about to serve dinner when I realized that she had been missing for twenty minutes. I ran upstairs and found her in the bedroom, crying. I said, "What are you doing, my dear?" She turned to me with a sad expression and said, "Mommy, why don't people like me the way they like my sister? Is it because I ' m not "pretty? Is that why they don' t say nice things about me as much?" I tried to explain to her, kissing and hugging her to make her feel better. Now., whenever I visit a friend' s home, I make it a point to speak to the elder child first. 46. The underlined expression make a big "to do" over (Paragraph 4) means . A. show much concern about B. have a special effect on C. list jobs to be done for D. do good things for 47. The guests praised Kelly for carrying coats upstairs because of her . A. beautiful hair B. pretty clothes C. lovely smile D. young age 48. Kristen felt sad and cried because . A. the guest gave her more coats to carry B. she didn’t look as pretty as Kelly C. the guests praised her sister more than her D. her mother didn’t introduce her to the guests 49. We can conclude from the passage that . A. parents should pay more attention to the elder children B. the younger children are usually more easily hurt C. people usually like the younger children more D. adults should treat children equally B It 'snot easy being a teenager( 13 至 19 岁青少年)—ks5unor is it easy being the paint of a teenager. You can make your child feel angry, hurt, or misunderstood by what you say without realizing it yourself. It is important to give your child the space he needs to grow while gently letting him know that you you' ll still be there for him when he needs you. Expect a lot from your child, just not everything. Except for health and safety problems, such as drug use or careless driving, consider everything else open to discussion. If your child is unwilling to discuss something, don' t insist he tell you what' s on his mind. The more you insist, the more likely that he'll clam up. Instead , let him attempt to solve(解决) things by himself. At the same time, remind him that you' re always there for him should he seek advice or help. Show respect for your teenager' s privacy (隐私). Never read him his mail or listen in on personal conversations. Teach your teenager that the family phone is for the whole family. If your child talks on the family's telephone for too long, tell him he can talk for15 minutes, but then he must stay off the phone for at least an equal period of time. This not only frees up the line so that other family members can make and receive calla, but teaches your teenager moderation(节制). Or if you are open to the idea, allow your teenager his own phone that he pays for with his own pocket money or a part-time job.
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50. The main purpose of the text is to tell parents . A. how to get along with a teenager B. how to respect a teenager C. how to understand a teenager D. how to help a teenager grow up 51. What does the phrase "clam up" in Paragraph 2 probably mean? A. become excited B. show respect C. refuse to talk D. seek help 52.What should parents do in raising a teenager according to the text? A.Not allow him to learn driving or take drugs B.Give him advice only when necessary. C.Let him have his own telephone. D.Not talk about personal things with him. C It's only 4 hours flying time from Sydney,ks5u.com but a world away.What better place to rest than a country where the only place people hurry is on the football field and things are done in“Fiji time”? Viti Levu—Great Fiji—is the largest island.Here you’ll find the capital Suva and the international airport at Nadi.Vatoa,on the other hand,is a tiny island in the farthest part of Fiji.Then there are 331 other islands,many of them with places to stay. With.1ess than a million people living on islands,you’ll never feel crowded.And with a climate (气候) that changes only for five degrees between seasons, there’s never a bad time to come. From cities to villages,from mountains to beaches,from water sports to wooden artworks, Fiji can give you more adventures and special experiences than you could find almost anywhere in the world. Whenever you come, wherever you go you’re sure·to see some unforgettable events.From War dances to religious (宗教的) songs.From market days to religious days.It’s not just staged for tourists; still a part of everyday life in Fiji. it’s And any one of us can enjoy Fiji’s spirit by being part of the traditional (传统的) sharing www.ks5u.comof yaqona,a drink made from the root of a Fiji plant. So why not join us for the experience of a life me? 53.Where is the international airport of Fiji? A.In Suva. B.In Sydney. C.On the island of Vatoa. D.On the island of Viti Levu. 54.What does the text tell us about Fijian people? A.They invented“Fiji time”for visitors. B.They stick to a traditional way of life. C.They like to travel from place to place. D.They love taking adventures abroad. 55.One of the things that make Fiji a tourist attraction is . A.it’s comfortable hotels B.its good weather all year round C.its exciting football matches D.its religious beliefs 56.Where call we most probably read this text? A.In a personal diary. B.In a science report.
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C.In a travel magazine.

D.In a geography textbook.

D When a storm is coming, most people leave the area as quickly as possible and head for safety…But there are a few people who will get into their cars and go straight for the center of the storm. These people are willing to risk (冒…危险) being killed by floods or 100-Kilometer- an-hour winds for the excitement of watching the storm close up. “Storm chasing (追逐)”is becoming an increasingly popular hobby (喜好) ,especially in the Midwest of the United States, where there are frequent storms between March and July.A storm chaser begins the day by checking the Internet for the latest weather reports, and then drives up to l,000 kilometers to where the storm will be and waits for it to develop. Although anyone can do it,storm chasing is extremely dangerous.The power of a big storm can throw a cow into the air or destroy a whole house in seconds.Storm chasers are also often hurt in accidents caused by driving in a heavy rain.If you are a beginner, it is much safer to join a group for storm - chasing vacations during the storm season. Even then,storm chasing is not all adventure and excitement.“Storm chasing is 95% driving,”says Daniel Lynch,who spends most of his summer storm-chasing.“Sometimes you Can sit around for hours waiting for something to happen,and all you get is blue sky and a few light showers.” However,for storm chasers,it is all worth it. “When you get close to a storm,it is the most exciting sight you will ever see in your life, ”says Jasper Morley. “Every storm is an example of the power of nature.It is the greatest show on Earth.” 57.For storm chasing,the first thing storm chasers do is to . A.head straight for the center of the storm B.get into the car for safety C.wait patiently for the storm to develop D.collect information about a coming storm 58.Beginners of storm chasing are advised A.not to drive in a heavy rain B.to do it in an organized way C.not to get too close to a storm D.to spend more time on it in summer 59.By saying“it is all worth it”in the last paragraph,the author means that A.storm chasing costs a lot of money B.storm chasing is worth hours of waiting C.efforts in storm chasing are well paid D.a storm presents the greatest show on Earth 60.What can we learn from the text? A.Sometimes storm chasers get nothing but disappointment. B.Many storm chasers get killed in the storms. C.Storm chasing is becoming popular around the world. D.Storm chasing is only fit for young people 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 l0 分) 根据短文内容,从下框的 A—F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项 为多余选项。 (注意:E 涂 AB;F 涂 AC)
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A.The effects of flu and its symptoms B.Types of virus to cause flu C.People’s attitudes toward flu D.The cause of flu E.The way that flu spreads F.The methods to fight flu

61. Flu (which is short for influenza) is a highly infectious disease, cause of which is a very tiny the organism known as a virus.Several types of flu are recognized,depending on the type of virus that causes the disease. 62. Flu Can often cause problems in breathing,and general infection of the lung.With elderly and weak people,these added complications often produce serious results.The virus, if not properly treated, can weaken the body so that patient may develop more serious illnesses,such as pneumonia and bronchitis.When people catch flu,they often complain of a headache or a sore throat.They usually have a fever and their temperature rises from the normal 37℃ (98.6℉ to about 39.5℃ ) (103℉ ).Sometimes a person has a dry hacking cough and aching joints. 63.

gaokaoziyuanwang

Today many doctors use drugs that fight the disease.And scientists have also developed vaccines that help to prevent it.If the patient has proper treatment,and complete rest in bed,the virus is normally beaten within a week to ten days. 64. How does flu spread so quickly? When the infected person breathes out. sneezes or coughs, he gives out droplets of moisture in the breath from his mouth or nose. These remain in the air for some time.Flu viruses are present in these droplets.If a person sneezes in a crowd or poorly ventilated place,such as a lift,viruses can easily be carried from all infected person to a healthy person.This is known as droplet infection.The healthy person will breathe in the viruses given out by the infected person. 65. There are three main types of virus that cause flu,which are called type A, B and C. Type A is the most powerful of the three,and undergoes minor changes in its genetic material every few years.The new form of the virus is called a strain.The new strain is not affected by the current vaccines. It is said to be“resistant”to them.So doctors must be continually producing new vaccines
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to combat the new strains of virus.

第 II 卷(非选择题。共 55 分)
第三部分 写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出对 应单词的正确形式,每空只写一词。 66.Owning a house of their own is a (梦想) For the young couple. 67.We left the road and (爬) the hill towards the wood. 68.He is an excellent (律师) with a good brain and a determination to achieve. 69.China Daily is (广泛地) read in North America. 70.Brown stood at the door, (欢迎) newcomers with a large smile. 71.On (平均),people who don’t smoke are healthier than people who do. 72.I’ll go and see you next (星期六). 73.Children are (好奇) about everything around them. 74.I must (道歉) for not having been able to give you a back call sooner. 75.What is the best-known chain fast-food (餐馆) in the world? 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改高考资源网。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧ ),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除;把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每次错误以及其修改均,仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Hi Susan, I'm sorry that I wasn’t able to return to your bike on time yesterday. mean to give it back to you I before four in the afternoon,and I was held up on my way back.Just before I turned corner of Park Street, I happened to seeing an accident.A little girl was hurt and his mother needed help.So I helped them going to the nearest hospital.I stayed here for one and a half hour and made sure that the girl was right.When I got back, it were already 6 pm. I hope you understand. Thank you! Li Ling 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分) 假定你是李华,将去英国某学校短期学习,被安排住在 Smith 先生家。请你写封短信与其 取得联系并询问以下情况:来源:高考资源网 住宿条件 膳食安排 交通情况 能否拥有自己的房间 能否在家吃早、晚餐 能否步行上学

注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好。 Dear Mr.Smith, I’m Li Hua from China,writing to ask about my stay with your family.
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Yours, Li Hun

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w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m

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