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2010全国中学生英语能力竞赛高三年级试题及答案


2010 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初赛 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛 高三年级组试题 Ⅰ.Multiple-choice(选择填空 选择填空)(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,计 15 分) 31.Look! This bird is really lovely. I‘ve never seen ____ one. A. finer B. a finer C. the

finer D. the finest 32. –What do you think of them? - I don‘t know ___ is better, so I‘ve taken ___ of them. A. what; both B. what; none C. which; both D. which; none 33. Next month we‘ll move to a new building, next to ____a nice restaurant where we can have Korean food. A. which are B. this is C. which is D. them are 34. While shopping, people sometimes can‘t help____ into buying something they don‘t really need. A. to persuade B. persuading C. be persuaded D. being persuaded 35. –I ____ his telephone number. -I have his number, but I ____ to bring my phone book. A. forget; forget B. forgotten; forgot C. forgot; forgot D. forgot; forget 36. My study of biology has taken_____much of my spare time, but it has given me a great de of enjoyment. A. off B. down C. up D. back 37. You ____ pay too much attention to your reading skills, as they are so important. A. can‘t B. shouldn‘t C. mustn‘t D. needn‘t 38. –He will come tomorrow. -But I‘d rather he ___ the day after tomorrow. A. will come B. is coming C. had come D. came 39.______ I can see, there is only one possible way to avoid the problem. A. As long as B. As far as C. Just as D. Even if 40. The number of the people who___ cars ____ increasing. A. owns; are B. own; is C. owns; is D. own; are 41. -______ , sir?- No. Go ahead. A. Do you mind if I use your bike B. May I use your dictionary C. Would you mind opening the window D. May I have a look at your new book 42.-Hi, Jack. How‘s your new job going? -Pretty good. How are you doing? -Just so-so.______. -Oh, yeah? Then come and join me. A. I‘m thinking about changing to another job B. But I like it very much C. But I‘ll be getting along well with it D. I‘ve found a new job B)Read the following short passage and choose the answer that best completes each sentence.(以下 3 道小题可 以组成一篇小短文,请根据上下文选出各句的最佳选项。) 43. When Julie was 17, her father lent her some money and allowed her to go on ___ with two friends to the Caribbean. A. process B. system C. holiday D. interest 44. Julie was delighted and said she would bring him back a wonderful present and ___ him back in six months. A. pay B. bring C. send D. leave 45. They had a great time, but ___ Julie spent all her money and couldn‘t buy a present for her father. A. easily B. excitedly C. completely D. unfortunately Cloze(完形填空) (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 10 分) Read the following passage and fill in each blank with 计 one word in one of the following three ways: ① according to the context, ② using the correct form of the given words, or ③ according to the first letters of the words. (阅读下面的短文,用以下三种形式之一完成短文填空: ① 根据上下文填空; ② 用所给单词的正确形式填空;

③ 根据单词随给首字母填空。每空一词。) Each human being is born as something new, something that never existed before. He is born with what he needs to (46) w_____ in life. Each person in his won way can see, hear, touch, taste, and think for (47)_____ (he). Each has his unique potentials. Each can be a significant, thinking, aware, and creative person—a winner. Winners have different potentials. Achievement is not the most (48) i______ thing. The authentic person experiences the reality of himself by knowing himself, being himself, and becoming a (49) _____(believe)person. He tries to realize his own unprecedented uniqueness. A winner is not afraid to do his won thinking and to use his own (50) _____ (know). He can separate facts (51)_______ opinions and doesn‘t pretend to have all the answers. He listens to (52)______ , evaluates what they say, but comes to his own conclusions. While he can admire and respect other people, he is not totally limited by them. A winner is free, and he doesn‘t have to respond in expected ways. He can change his plans when the situation calls for it. A winner has (53)______(warm) for life. He enjoys work, play food, other people, and the world of nature. (54)______ a winner can freely enjoy himself, he can also postpone enjoyment. He can discipline himself in the present to improve his enjoyment in the future. He is not afraid to go 55 a_______ what he wants but does so in proper ways. He does not get his security by controlling others. III. Reading Comprehension(阅读理解 阅读理解)(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,计 40 分) 阅读理解 Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by sever questions. Respond to the questions according to the passage.(阅读下列短文,然后根据短文后的要求答题。) A Brighton:It is a seaside resort on the English Channel. Only 50 miles from London, it offers a good : variety of lively entertainment. It is a cheerful place, bustling and crowed in the summer, but alive in every season of the year. Its roy pavilion is a masterpiece of English architecture. Durham: whatever travelers see or do not see in England, they must see this city , in the northeast, just south of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. No one will forget the sight of its cathedr and castle rising together on a steep hill overlooking a loop in the River Wear, which almost surrounds them. The cathedr itself is one of the great mediev buildings in Europe. Liverpool: A port in the northwest of England which possesses a quality that is not found in quite the same way anywhere else in England: the quality of grandeur. Liverpool has this grandeur in its site on the broad River Mersey (more than half a mile wide)with the houses rising near it; in its great dock buildings, its broad streets, and its two enormous cathedrals. Edinburgh: It has long been the capit of Scotland. Edinburgh Castle is Edinburgh‘s princip building , dominating the city from its perch on a rock over a hundred meters above sea level. Another important building is the Place of Holyrood House, begun by James III around 1500. Between the castle and the palace is the Roy Mile, which was the center of Edinburgh life before the 17th century and if fascinating to visit now. Questions56-57: Answer the following questions briefly according to the passage. 56. Which is the best season to visit Brighton? 57. How many of the places mention both a castle and a cathedral? Questions58-60: Fill in the blanks with one or two words according to the passage. 58. The sight of Durham‘s cathedr and castle is probably best seen from the banks of the ____. 59.It can be assumed that the ____ in Durham is older than the Palace of Holyrood House. 60. It can be inferred that the_______ became the centre of Edinburgh society after Holyrood House was built. B As a young man, was a skilled artist: a potter. He had a wife and two fine sons. One night, his oldest son developed a severe stomachache. Thinking it was nothing dangerous, neither nor his wife took the condition very seriously. But the illness was actually severe appendicitis, and the boy died suddenly that night. knew the death could have been prevented if he had only realized the seriousness of the situation, thus his emotion health declined under the enormous burden of his guilt. To make matters worse his wife left hi a shout time later, leaving him alone with his six-year-old son. The hurt and pain of the two situations were more than could handle, and he turned to alcohol to help him de with them. In time became an alcoholic. As the alcoholism progressed, began to lose everything he possessed-his home, his land, his art objects, everything. Eventually died alone in a San Francisco hotel room. When I heard of Al‘s death, I reacted with the same dislike the world shows for one who ends his life with nothing materi to show for it . ―What a complete failure!‖ I thought, ―What a totally wasted

life!‖ As time went by, I began to re-evaluate my earlier harsh judgement. You see, I knew Al‘s now adult son, Ernie. He is one of the kindest, most caring, most loving men I have ever known. I watched Ernie with his children and saw the free flow of love between them. I knew that kindness and caring had to come from somewhere. I hadn‘t heard Ernie talk much about his father. It is so hard to defend an alcoholic. One day I worked up my courage to ask him. ―I‘m really puzzled by something.‖ I said, ―I knew your father was basically the only one to raise you. What on earth did he do that made you become such a speci person?‖ Ernie sat quietly and reflected for a few moments. Then he said, ―From my earliest memories as a child until I left home at 18, came into my room every night, gave me a kiss and said, ?I love you, son.‘‖ Tears came to my eyes as I realized what a fool I had been to judge as a failure. He had not left any materi possessions behind. But he had been a kind loving father, and he left behind one of the finest, most giving men I have ever known. Questions 61-65: Complete the summary of the passage with one word only for each blank according to the passage. Al, a skilled potter, was shocked by the 61_____ of his oldest son from appendicitis. His wife , unable to bear her grief, 62______ and her youngest son, Ernie. slipped into depression and Alcoholism. and Ernie lived together until Ernie was 63_______ years old. Every night would kiss Ernie good night and tell him he 64______ him. Eventually died alone in San Francisco. The writer, like many of us, jumped to the conclusion that, just because died without 65_______ and alone, he was a failure. Later the writer had to reconsider as Ernie had turned out to be such a good man. C When Francis Seriau started giving drum lessons in his living room in 1983, people laughed at the idea of qualifications in pop music. But now he is head of a music school that has become a respected part of the British scene. Seriau‘s Tech Music Schools in west London run a range of degree and diploma courses, including drums, guitar, keyboard and voice. More than 800 students are enrolled, some of them from as far away as Japan, Australia and Latin America. 69 The classrooms are in a collection of old buildings and have the atmosphere of a university. Every available room is in use, with classes ranging from guitar technique through rock studies to business skills. Seriau says, ―We try to prepare musicians for the re world by teaching practic things.‖ Students learn how to read music and how to manage their finances. Seriau explains that skilled musicians can earn far more than many people in supposedly ―safer‖ professions. The music world is changing all the time, however, and to make a career in it, students have to be ready to change too. Seriau aims to turn out musicians with the skills to succeed in this fast-moving industry. Tech Music has not yet produced a major solo star, but a number of former pupils are members of top-level bands, for example Radiohead, Basement Jaxx and Massive Attack. 70Although not all students will become rich and famous, they graduate with a good music training and realistic plans for the future. ―I had to sell my house to pay for the course, ‖ says one student, who has just completed a one-year drum diploma, ―but it‘s been worth it. I‘ve learned proper profession music skills and have just got my dream job, playing in a London musical.‖ Questions 66-67: Tell whether the following statements are true or false according to the passage. 66. Francis Seriau believes his students will learn large amounts of money. 67. What the former drum student means is that he regrets having sold his house. Questions 68: Choose the answer that fits the question best according to the passage. 68. What would an advertisement for Tech Music Schools include? A. We teach a range of music and business courses and have schools on five continents. B. Enjoy learning , using the latest facilities in this newly-built music school. C. We‘ll teach you all you need to know to get a good job in the music industry. D. Many of our former students are now major internation solo stars. Study at Tech Music School and you can be one too! Questions 69-70: Translate the underlined sentences in the passage into Chinese. 69._______________________________________________________________ 70._____________________________________________________________ D

The truth about lying 71.________________________________________________ Can you imagine a whole day without telling lies? ―Yes, of course,‖ most people would answer, but then they‘ve probably forgotten all those little lies that are said so easily-―This is delicious.‖ ―You look lovely in that shirt.‖ ― I‘d love to come with you.‖ etc. Lying is a way of making life run more smoothly. 72._______________________________________________ We are told not to lie from the moment we learn how to do it. According to psychologist Richard Wiseman, this is at the age of about four when children realize they can deceive people . We are not born liars. 73.______________________________________________ In childhood, the line between imagination and lying is often not clear. Children are praised for creative imagination but generally criticized for hiding the truth. 74.______________________________________________ As adults we have definite ideas about which kind of lies are OK and which are not. Very often the reason for the lie is the important thing in accepting for rejecting the lie. 75.______________________________________________ Generally speaking , there are three types of lies, and liars. The first sort of liar wants to please people, the second wants to protect him –or herself, the third sort doesn‘t care about other peole and lies to get what he or she wants. Questions71-75: Choose from the sentences A-F the one which best summarises each paragraph (71-75) of the passage. There is one extra sentence which you don‘t need to use. A. Adults have their own rules about what is acceptable. B. Lying can be put into different categories. C. How to hear lies is your responsibility. D. Adults don‘t always make clear what children should do. E. Most people lie regularly for soci reasons. F. As soon as it‘s learnt, it‘s forbidden. IV. Translation(翻译)(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,计 10 分) Translate the following sentences into English , using the hints given in the brackets.(用括号中给出的 提示将下 列句子译成英语。) 76. 休息太少常会导致疾病。 (lead to) 77. 只要存在希望,我们就没有理由放弃。 (as long as) 78. 有人建议开会讨论这一问题。 is suggested…) (It 79. 我每次去看她,她都专心致志地埋头工作。 (deep) 80. 如果你不强迫自己开口讲英语,你就学不好口语。 (force oneself) V. IQ(智力测试)(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,计 5 分) Answer the following questions.(回答下列问题。) 81.You walk into a dark room with a match in your hand. There is a gas lamp, a candle, a stove in the room. Which one do you want to light first? 82. Farmer Brown had an orchard of fruit trees. A third of them were apple trees, a quarter were pear trees, and a fifth were plum trees. There are also twenty-six cherry trees. How many trees did Farmer Brown have together? 83. Each number has a choice of three letters. Di an American writer: 5164, 78135. Who is he? 84. From A,B,C, and D, which one should replace the question mark? 85. Three men each have two sons. Every evening they all go to a restaurant for a meal. They always sit at the same table. There are only seven chairs but each man has a chair. What‘s the relationship between them? VI. Error correction(短文改错 (共 10 处错误;每处错误 1 分,计 10 分)按要求修改下面的英语作文, 文中共有 10 处语言错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修 改。请按下列情况在文中改正: 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出改加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只 允许修改 10 处,多着(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Mr and Mrs Smith, I want to thank you again for have me in your home for the summer holidays. I had always wanted return to the village after moving away and it is really great to see most of my old friends again. I told Mother, Father, Sister and all my friends here that a great time I had. I‘ll never forget the steamboat ride. I never knew about a ride down a river could be so much exciting. I also enjoyed the evening when we spent together and I can‘t forget good food you cooked for me. It was wonderful. I hope that both you two can come and

visit some times soon. With best wishes. Yours truly, Tom VII. Writing(写作)(共 2 题;A 题满分 10 分,B 题满分 20 分,计 30 分) A) You have seen a poster at your school about a new English magazine and would like to be involved. Write a letter offering to be a writer for the magazine. Don‘t write down your name or address , just include: ● why you are suitable; ● why you want to write for the magazine; ● what kind of articles you could contribute. Your letter should be between 80 and 100 words. B) As we all know , it takes many different people working together to make this society run smoothly. Some people contribute by their daily labour in factories and in the streets, while other people‘s contribution is their performance in singing, acting and sports. Who actually contributes more to the smooth running of our society: (名人)or ordinary workers? Write your opinion in 120-150 words. 2010 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初赛答案 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛( )初赛答案: 笔试部分 I. 31-35 BCCDC 36-40 CADBB 41-45 AACAD II. Cloze(完形填空) 46. win 47. himself 48. important 49. believable 50. knowledge 51. from 52. others 53. warmth 54. Although/Though 55. after. III. Reading comprehension A) 56. Every season 57. One 58. River Wear 59. cathedr 60. Roy Mile B) 61. death 62. left 63. eighteen/18 64. loved 65. possessions C) 66. F 67. F 68. C 69. 教室处于古老的建筑群中,有种大学的氛围。 70. 虽然并不是所有的学生都能够变富或出名,但是他们毕业时都受到了良好的音乐培 训,并对未来有着 合理恰当的规划。 D) 71-75 EFDAB IV. 翻译 76. Too little rest often leads to illness. 77. We have no reason/excuse to give up as long as there is hope. 78. It is suggested that a meeting (should) be held to discuss this problem. 79. Every time I go to see her, she is deep in work. 80. If you don‘t force yourself to speak English, you won‘t learn to speak English well. V. 智力测试 81. The match 82. 120 83. Mark Twain 84. A (1 is added to 2 to equ 3; 4 is added to 5 to equ 6, but similar symbols disappear.) 85. They are a grandfather, two sons and four grandsons. VI. 短文改错 Dear Mr and Mrs Smith, I want to thank you again for have me in your home for the summer holidays. I had always having wanted∧ return to the village after moving away and it is really great to see most of my old to was friends again. I told Mother, Father, Sister and all my friends here that a great time I had. I‘ll never what forget the steamboat ride. I never knew about a ride down a river could be so much exciting. I also that 或去 掉 enjoyed the evening when we spent together and I can‘t forget∧ good food you cooked for me. It that 或 which 或去掉 the was wonderful. I hope that both you two can come and visit some times soon. times With best wishes. Yours truly, Tom people labour in factories to create the products we use. Shopkeepers make it convenient for us to buy the food, clothing and other items we need. Even the street sweepers and garbage collections help by keeping our cities clean and free from harmful pests. Celebrities, on the other hand, bring fun into our lives, but often encourage us to spend money on unnecessary things such as soda and brand name clothes. While celebrities make our lives more colourful, they do little to improve society. For me it is the ordinary people who make life better. \ \ VII.写作 A) One possible version: I am an enthusiastic, fun-loving student. I would love to be considered for

the position of one of your regular writes. My first love is writing, but I also enjoy talking to other people. I am interested in what all the students in the school are concerned about, from student worries to world events. Mostly I like to write about things that are happening in the school, like sports events and trips to places of interest. I am pretty good at English, and my teachers say my style and presentation are fluent. B) One possible version: In my opinion, it is the ordinary workers who contribute most to the smooth running of society. Celebrities may entertain us, but they do little to make our lives comfortable. Every day ordinary


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