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高考英语高频词汇汇总


高频词汇 1.abandon vt.抛弃,舍弃;放弃 n.放纵,无拘无束 [派生] adj.被弃的;放纵的 [归纳] 纵情于??,沉溺于?? Eventually,rescuers abandoned all hope of finding more survivors of the crash.最终救援人 员完全放弃了会再找到坠机生还者的希望。 2.absorb vt.吸收;使全神贯注 [归纳] 全神贯注于 He lay on the sofa, a book. 他躺在沙发上,沉浸在书里。 3.access n. & v.通道;接近,进入;机会;权利;存取 [派生] adj.易到达的;易进入的;易得到的 [归纳] 有权进入,有权接触 (场所)易到达的;(人)易接近的 The computer system gives the users quick and easy the required information.计算机系统能让使用者方便、快捷地获取所需的信息。 4.account n.叙述,说明;理由;账目(户);考虑 vi.作出解释;提出理由 [归纳]on account of...为了??,由于?? 决不 (人)(对??)作出说明,解释 —Jack can’t concentrate on his lessons recently. —Yes,that might why he did so badly in the last test. ——近来,杰克上课不集中精力。 ——是的。那有可能是他上次考试如此糟糕的原因。 5.accuse vt.指责,谴责,控告 [归纳]accuse sb.of 指责/控告某人?? [拓展] blame sb.for ? ?谴责某人?? charge sb.with? She the boss having broken his word,which surprised us all. 她指责老板不守信用,这使我们都很吃惊。 6.accustomed adj.习惯于;惯常的 [归纳]be/get accustomed to 习惯于 accustom oneself to 使习惯于 [拓展] be/get used to 习惯于 climbing steep mountains,he had no difficulty in arriving the top of the mountain. 习惯于爬陡峭的人,他到达山顶没有困难。 7.achieve vt.取得;达到 [派生] n.[U]完成,达成,成功;[C]成就,成绩 [归纳] 获得成功/达到目标 As a matter of fact.No one can achieve anything without effort.事实上,没有人能够不努力 而有所成绩。 8.acknowledge vt.承认,认为??属实;向??打招呼 [归纳]acknowledge doing/that 从句 承认?? acknowledge+名词+as(to be)名词/形容词 认为??是?? It now by the movie industry as the most successful film series ever. 1

当代电影界公认它是有史以来最成功的电影系列。 9.adapt v.(使)适应;改编 [派生] n.适应;改编 [归纳] 适应 [拓展] adopt vt.采纳;收养 The good thing about children is that they very easily new environments. 孩子的一个很大的优势就是他们很容易适应新的环境。 10.addicted adj.入迷的,上瘾的 [归纳] 沉迷于??,(对??)上瘾的 In fact,some young people spend so much time playing computer games and using the Internet that they have computer games. 事实上,一些年轻人将大量的时间花在玩电脑游戏和网络上,结果越来越沉溺其中。 11.admit v.承认;准许(入场,入学,入会);容纳 [派生]admission n.准许加入;承认 ?sth. [归纳]admit?doing sth.承认

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? ?that...

admit sb.to be 承认某人是?? admit sb.to/into 准许某人进入 He admitted to the public that he had cheated to that university. 他公开承认是通过作弊才被那所大学录取的。 12.advance vt. & vi.推进,促进;提升;提前;前进,进展; n.前进;上升 [派生] adj.先进的;高级的 [归纳] 预先,事先;预付 取得很大进步 The most common use of the Internet is to advance knowledge about hobbies. 因特网最常见的用途是增长有关业余爱好的知识。 13.advantage n.优点;优势 [派生] n. 不利,不利条件 [归纳] 利用 比??有优势 He’s good at favourable conditions and avoiding unfavourable ones, which makes him others.他善于利用有利条件避免不利条件这使 他比别人优秀。

短语荟萃 1.break

? down 分解;出故障,抛锚;垮掉 ?break break up 拆开;分裂 ?break in 闯入;插话 系列短语? break into 闯入,破门而入 ?break out 爆发 break off 中断,断开 ? ?break through 冲破,突破;克服
break away from 挣脱,逃脱,脱离 2

(2012· 福州检测)On hearing the news,the president his visit to Australia and returned home immediately.一听到这个消息, 总统立刻中断了对澳大利亚的访问, 回 到了本国。 If you go on working like that,you will sooner or later. 如果你继续向那样工作的话,迟早你会累垮的。 2.bring

?bring in 引进;挣得;提出?新法案? ?bring out 出版;生产;使显现;阐明 ?bring up 养育;培养;提出?讨论等?; 系列短语? 呕吐 back 归还;使回忆起 ?bring bring down 击落,打倒;降低,减少 ?bring forward 将???的日期或时间?提前; ? 提议
bring about 引起,导致 (2012· 苏北四市第三次调研)The great damage which the destructive earthquake in Japan on March 11,2011 made a great many people homeless.2011 年 3 月 11 日 在日本发生的灾难性地震造成的巨大破坏使很多人无家可归。 ? 佳句有约 与 when 有关的句式 1.when 可用作并列连词,意为“此时,那时”,常构成如下搭配: be on the point of doing...when...;be about to do...when...;be doing...when...;had just done...when...。 (2011· 高考浙江卷)One Friday,we to leave for a weekend away my daughter heard cries for help.一个周五,我们正在打包去度周末,就在这时我 女儿听到了求救声。 I _go to bed there was a knock on the door.我刚 要去睡觉,这时有人敲门。 2.when 表示既然 You can’t complain of being lonely when you don’t make an effort to meet people and make friends with them.既然你不努力会见人和他们交友,你不能埋怨感到孤独。 ?写作能力提升 高级词汇替换增文采 运用高级词汇对提高书面表达的档次和得分至关重要。这不等于使用一些偏词、怪词, 而是要准确得体地使用一些主动、具体、形象的词语,能显示出考生深厚的语言功底。 1.appreciate 替换 thank They thanked me for my help greatly. → 对于我的帮助他们非常感激。(2012· 高考北京卷写作) 2.participate_in 替换 join in I would like to participate_in (join in) it. 我愿意参加此项活动。(2012· 高考新课标全国卷写作) 3.occur 替换 suddenly think of Suddenly I thought_of that someone had broken into my house. → that someone had broken into my house. that someone had broken into my house. 3

我突然想到有人在这之前进入了我的房子。 4.seat 替换 sit On his way to school,he found an old lady seated(sitting)by the road,looking worried.在他 上学的路上,他发现一位老夫人坐在路边,看起来很着急。 5.cover 替换 walk After covering(walking)10 miles,we all felt tired. 行走了 10 英里,我们都感到很累。 6.on 替换 as soon as As_soon_as he arrived,he began his research. → ,he began his research. 他一到达就开始他的研究。

高频词汇 1.afford vt.负担得起(??的费用);抽得出(时间) [归纳]can(can’t)afford sth.能(不能)承担某事 can(can’t) afford to do sth.能(不能)负担做某事 It is a very important exam,so I fail it. 这是一个非常重要的考试,所以我不可以失败。 2.allow v.允许;准许 [派生]allowance n.津贴,补助 [归纳] 允许做某事 允许某人做某事 allow for 顾及;体谅 Allowing for everyone’s health,we don’t here. You are to outside. 考虑到每个人的健康,我们这里不允许吸烟。你可以去外边吸烟。 3.alternative adj.随便一个的;二者择一的 n.供选择的东西,二者择一 [派生]alternatively adv.代替地;两者择一地 have no alternative but to do? ?别无选择,只好 [归纳] have no choice but to do ? After seeing plenty of solid evidence,the greedy thief to acknowledge that it was he that stole the gold watch.在看见了许多的铁证之后, 这个贪婪的贼不得不承认是他偷了金表。 4.anxious adj.忧虑的;焦急的;渴望的 [派生]anxiety n.忧虑;担心,挂念 [归纳]be anxious 对??感到焦虑 (填介词) be anxious 渴望 (填介词) There is growing public anxiety over levels of air pollution in our cities. 公众越来越担心城市中的空气污染程度。 5.apologize v.道歉 [派生]apology n.道歉 [归纳] 因为某事向某人道歉 因为某事向某人道歉 We apologize to every passenger for the late departure of this flight.本航班起飞延误,向大 家谨致歉意。 6.appeal v.恳求;申诉;有吸引力 n.上诉;吸引力,魅力 [归纳]appeal to sb.for sth.为某事恳求/呼吁某人 appeal to sb.to do sth.恳求/呼吁某人做某事 4

appeal to sb.吸引某人 The government is the citizens to use paperbags rather than the plastic ones for the sake of environmental protection. 政府呼吁市民使用纸袋而非塑料袋,以便保护环境。 7.appetite n.食欲;胃口;要求;欲望 [归纳]have a good (poor)appetite 胃口好(差) 对??的渴望 He ife and enjoyed exploring the workings of objects and animals. 他热爱生活,喜欢探索物体和动物的活动方式。 8.apply v.申请;应用 [派生] n.申请者 n.申请;应用 [归纳]apply(to sb.)for(向某人)申请?? apply...to 把??应用到?? apply to 适用于 To better theory practice,Bruce to work at a grossroots unit, where an experienced workmate told him that safety was a rule that everyone.为了更好地将理论运用于实践,布鲁斯申请去基层工作,在基层,一位有经验 的同事告诉他安全是一条适用于每个人的规则。 9.appreciate vt.欣赏;感激 [派生]appreciation n.欣赏;感激 [归纳]appreciate(doing)sth.感激(做)某事 I would appreciate it if...如果??,我将不胜感激 I fully his talents. you would persuade him to join our club. 我非常赏识他的才华。如果你愿意说服他加入我们俱乐部,我将不胜感激。 10.approach n.接近;方法 vt.接近,靠近 [归纳]approach ??的方法(填介词) As the headmaster approached,our coach,a person easy to approach,was teaching us a new approach to defend. (翻译此句) 11.approve v.赞成,同意;批准,通过 [派生] n.赞成;批准 [归纳]approve of 赞同 approve of sb.doing sth.赞同某人做某事 Though the boss approved of this project,it had to be abandoned mainly because the firm was short of extra finance.尽管老板同意了这个项目,但由于公司缺乏资金,项目还是胎 死腹中。 12.ashamed adj.惭愧的,羞愧的 [派生] n.羞愧;羞愧之事 adj.令人羞愧的 [归纳] 因??感到惭愧 You should yourself—treating your mother like that! 那样对待你妈妈,你应该为此而感到羞愧! ?短语荟萃 come

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?come across ?偶然?遇见;?无意中?想到 ?come out 出来;出版 ?come on 来吧;赶快;得了吧 系列短语?come to 恢复常态;共计,达到 up 破土而出;升起;发生;被提及 ?come come up with 找出?答案?;想出?主意?; ? 追上,赶上 ?come true 实现
come about 发生,产生 I an old friend of mine yesterday and he told me that he a good idea on how to prevent the river from being polluted. 昨天我偶然遇到了我的一位老朋友,他告诉我他已经想出一个防止河流污染的好主意。

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?佳句有约 丰富多彩的“一??就??”和引导时间状语从句的名词短语: (1)no sooner...than...,hardly/scarcely...when/before... (2)the moment,the minute,the second,the instant (3)immediately,instantly,directly 等副词 (4)on+动名词 (2011· 高考辽宁卷)He had no_sooner finished his speech than the students started cheering. =No_sooner had he finished his speech than the students started cheering. =The_moment he finished his speech,the students started cheering. 1.No sooner _______ entered the office _______I heard the telephone ringing. A. had I, when B. I had, than C. had I, than D. I had, when 2.I had hardly arrived _____ he started crying to go home. A. as B. for C. when D. until 3.(2011 唐山一中质检)The boy burst into tears he saw his mother. A. at the moment B. in a moment C. for a moment D. the moment 常见高级词汇替换: 一般→高级 actions→measures certainly→undoubtedly give→offer glad→delighted greatly→sharply important→urgent sometimes→occasionally way→method/approach rich→wealthy however→nevertheless surprizing→amazing at the same time→meanwhile good/well→perfectly besides→furthermore ?写作模板狂背 类型:观点对比型 典例:不同人对美的不同看法 模板: ( 提 出 问 题 )Which_is_more_important , inner_beauty_or_outer_beauty? ( 引 出 观 点)People_have_various_opinions_on_this_question. [看法一] Some think outer beauty is more important.They_say anyone could be pretty inside,but not every body can be beautiful outside.With outer beauty you get all the initial attention,you are quickly liked and adored. [看法二] While others think inner beauty is more important,saying_that outer beauty is just like a match.The fire is beautiful but it will burn out and finally disappear.So, for a short while outer beauty is great,but everybody will get old and will lose it with time going by. [自己的观点] As_far_as_I_am_concerned,I prefer inner beauty,because it stays for ever and actually over time it becomes more beautiful.

?高频词汇 1.assume v.假定,假设 [派生]assumption n.假定,假设 7

assumed adj.假定的 [归纳]assuming that...假定?? assume sb./sth.(to be)认为??是?? on the assumption that...在假定??的基础上 [拓展] supposing that...假如??怎么样 suppose that...假定?? his story is true,what should we do? 假定他的话是真的,那我们该怎么办? 2.attach v.固定;依附于;重视 [归纳]attach...to 认为??有(重要性等) be attached to 附属于;被固定于;喜欢,依恋 To be honest,a great many people great importance becoming rich and famous. 说实在的,很多人把名和利看得很重。 3.attempt v. & n.试图;尝试 attempt to do sth. ? ?试图做某事 [归纳] make an attempt to do sth.? Every time I convince her,I failed completely. 每次我想说服她,我都无功而返。 4. attend v.注意;出席,参加;看护,照顾 [派生]attendance n.出席(人数);到场;照看 [归纳]attend 处理;接待 (填介词) attend 照料;服侍(填介词) She had to attend on her sick mother,so she didn’t attend school and didn’t attend the meeting,either.她得照顾生病的母亲,所以她没上学,也没参加那次会议。 5.attitude n.态度,看法 [归纳]attitude towards/to 对于??的态度/看法 What we don’t need is somebody with an attitude problem, because we believe that attitude is everything. 6.attract vt.吸引;引起 [派生] n.魅力,吸引(力);吸引人的东西 adj.有吸引力的 [归纳]attract...to...把??吸引到?? The flowers smelling sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. 植物园的鲜花芬芳异常,吸引游客回归自然之美。 7.authority n.权威,权力;授权 [归纳]have the authority for doing/to do 有??的权力(限) an authority on...??方面的泰斗(专家) He is an authority on French literature. 他是法国文学方面的专家。 8.available adj.可获得的;有空的;可利用的(作定语时,通常放在所修饰的名词之后) [归纳] 对??有帮助 The university is trying to make more accommodations available for students. 该大学在设法为学生提供更多的住处。 9.average adj.平均的;普通的 n.平均数 [归纳]above/below(the)average 在平均水平以上/以下 on(the)average 平均 On average,people who don’t smoke are healthier than people who do. 一般而言,不吸烟的人比吸烟者身体健康。 10.bargain n.协议,交易;廉价货 v.讲价 [归纳]a good(bad)bargain 买得很便宜(很不合算)的物品 at a(good)bargain 廉价地,低价地 make a bargain with 和??订合同(协议) 8

I bought a dress for only 10 dollars in a sale;it was a real bargain.我花了十美元买了一条 裙子,真是便宜。 11.behalf n.利益;方面;支持 [归纳]in/on a person’s behalf 为了;代表,代替 on behalf of...为了??的利益;代表?? everyone here,I wish you a very happy retirement.在此我代 表大家祝您光荣退休。 12.behave v.举止,表现 [派生] n. 行为,举止 [归纳]behave oneself 守规矩 Nobody could understand her behaviour at the party,and she herself was embarrassed at having behaved in such a childish way. 没有人明白她在宴会上的行为,并且她自己也为表现得如此幼稚而感到尴尬。 13.beyond prep.在??那边;迟于;超出;非??所及 [归纳]beyond one’s wildest dreams 超出想象,做梦也想不到 beyond / 无法表达 beyond that(用于否定句,疑问句)除此之外;(用于肯定句)再之,进一步来说 Never put the medicine your little child in case he takes it by mistake.千万不要把药放在你的小孩够得着的地方,以防他错吃了它。 ?短语荟萃 1.get

? ?get away 逃脱 around 到处走;传播 ?get get down 记下,写下 ?get down to 开始做 系列短语? get over 克服 ?get through 通过;完成; ? 拨通?电话? get across 被传达;被理解; ? ? 把??讲清楚
get along/on with 进展;相处 Those students who are addicted to playing games all day long always have difficulty in others in their daily life.那些整天沉溺于玩电子游戏的学 生在日常生活中不容易和其他人相处。

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2.go

? ?go against 违背 up 上升;上涨 ?go go down 下降;沉没 ?go over 仔细检查;复习 系列短语? go out 外出;?灯?熄灭 ?go by 逝去,过去 ?go through 经历,遭受;完成;通过 go without 没有??也行,勉强对付 ? ?go in for 喜欢,爱好
go ahead 走在前面;着手干 If the wind doesn’t before three o’clock.we won’t today. 如果风在三点之前不减弱,我们今天就不出去了。 ?佳句有约 before 特殊句式 (1)It won’t be long before...不久就?? John thinks it_won’t_be_long_before he is ready for his new job.约翰认为他不久就会为他 的新工作做好准备. (2)before sb.knew it 不知不觉中?? Three years had passed by before_I_knew_it. 不知不觉中三年过去了。 (3)before...还没来得及??就?? —Why didn’t you tell him the news? —Before I could say a word,he had rushed out of the room. ——你为什么不把消息告诉他? ——我还没来得及说一句话,他就冲出了房间。 (4)It+be+时间+before...多久之后??才?? He was told that it_would_be at least three months before he could recover and return to work. 他被告诉三个多月之后他才康复返回工作岗位。 1.(2011 南昌一中质检)----Is it for two months they have stayed here? -----No, it is only three weeks they arrived here. A. that; since B. that; when C. when; that D. since; before 2. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ____ Brian get back. (2008 北京卷) A. before B. since C. till D. after 3. It was about 600 years ago ____ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. A. that B. until C. before D. when 4. It is 20 years ________ he came to live here. A. when B. before C. since D. that 5. It was not long ________ the people in Austria took up guns. A. when B. before C. since D. that 6. It was midnight _______ he came back home. A. when B. before C. since D. that 7. It will be three years ________ we get together again. A. that B. when C. since D. before 10

8. It was ____ I met Mr Green in Shanghai. A. many years that B. many years before C. many years ago that D. many years when 9. It is ten years ________ Miss Gao returned to China. A. that B. when C. since D. as 10. It was _____ 1920 regular radio broadcasts began.?? A. until; when B. not until; when C. until; that D. not until; that 写作能力提升 高级短语替换增文彩(Ⅰ) 1.be anxious/long/eager to do 替换 want to do After the performance,I’m_eager_(want) to show you around some places of interest,or some culture centers of Tianjin,such as the museum and the art gallery. 观看演出后,我希望领你参观一些名胜或天津的文化中心,比如博物馆和美术馆。 (2012· 高考天津卷写作) 2.be in favor of 替换 be for The majority of the Chinese mother are not in_favor_of(for)what the writer did. 绝大多数中国母亲不支持作者的做法。 3.be engaged in 替换 be busy with Totally engaged_in(busy with)my own study,I seldom pay attention to what mother needs and feels. 完全忙于我自己的学习,我很少注意妈妈的需要和感受。(2011· 高考江苏卷写作) 4.by no means 替换 not/never Furthermore,punishment is by_no_means(not/never)a wise choice to help them grow up mentally and physically. 更何况,惩罚绝不是帮助他们身心成长的明智选择。(2011· 高考陕西卷写作) 5.be beneficial to 替换 be good for Riding bicycles is a good way for as to exercise and it is_beneficial_to(is good for)our health. 骑自行车对我们来说是种好的锻炼方式,对我们的健康有好处。 6.do sb.a/the favor 替换 help sb. Would you please do_me_the_favor(help me)to turn down the radio? 你愿意让我调低点录音机吗? 7.the other day 替换 a few days ago The_other_day(A few days ago) my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. 几天前,我和弟弟骑车去看了电影。 8.contribute to 替换 be helpful/useful to Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful_to English study.→ Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute_to English study. 许多记忆工作毫无疑问能帮助英语学习。 9.set aside 替换 save Some students think that they should set_aside(save) some of their pocket money for books. 一些学生认为他们应该节省一些零用钱来买书。 10.be of+n.替换 adj. I find taking part in the English corner can_be_of_great_help (very helpful)in learning English.(2012· 高考山东卷写作) 我发现参加“英语角”能帮助学习英语。 高频词汇 1.blame n.& v.责备;归咎于 [归纳] 因为??而责备某人

11

应受谴责;应负责任 You can’t the newcomer because it is unfair to him the fault.It is you that should .你不能 责怪那个新手,因为把这个错误归结到他身上是不公平的。只怪你不好。 2.bound adj.受约束的;有义务的;一定的 [归纳] 一定会??;有做??的义务 Working hard,she rank first in the coming exam.她学习很努 力,在即将来临的考试中一定会名列前茅。 3.breath n.呼吸 [派生] vi.呼吸 breathless adj.气喘吁吁的 [归纳] 深吸一口气 屏住呼吸 上气不接下气 He hurried to the railway station ,only to be told that the train leaving for Shanghai had been away for half an hour. 他上气不接下气地赶到了火车站,不料却被告知开往上海的火车已经离开半小时了。 4.burden n.负担;义务;烦恼 vt.加负担于,使负重担 [归纳]a burden to/on the family 家庭的负担 承担着??,担负着?? There will be great sufferings and burdens for the people in the disaster area to bear. 灾区的人们将承受巨大的痛苦和沉重的负担。 5.burst v.破裂;突然??起来 n.破裂(处);突发 burst into laughter/tears ? ? 突然大笑/大哭 [归纳] burst out laughing/crying? I almost when I saw what she was wearing.当我看见她的穿 着时我几乎忍不住大笑起来。 6.bury v.埋葬 bury oneself in? ?埋头于??,专心于?? [归纳] be buried in ? As far as I know, she her work after divorce.据我所知, 离婚后, 她埋头于工作当中。 7.calm adj.平静的;镇静的 vt.使平静 [归纳]calm down 平静下来 keep calm 保持冷静 I forced myself to and remember that one should when facing danger.我努力使自己平静下来并牢记:当人面临危险时,一定要镇定 。 8.case n.事例;场合;事实;案例;箱子 [归纳] 以免,万一 在??情形时;万一 无论如何 ,不管怎样 绝不 As is often the case.这是常有的事。 Leave your key with a neighbor you lock yourself out one day. 把钥匙交给一个邻居以免哪天你把自己锁在外面。 9.cater vi.替(某人)办酒席;为(宴会)提供酒菜;迎合;投合 [归纳]cater for 承办,供应 迎合,满足 That is a kind of magazine the interests of adults.那是一种迎合成年人 10.certain adj.(表语)有把握的,肯定的;(定语)某个,某些,某种 [派生]certainly adv.必然地,肯定地;当然,没问题 [归纳]for a certain reason 由于某个原因 12

for certain 确切地,确实地 be certain to do 肯定会??,一定会?? It is certain that/wh从句??是确定的 I’m not quite certain what made him so upset. 我不太清楚什么使他那么不开心。 11.chance n.机会;可能性 [归纳] that...有可能?? are...很可能?? chance 偶然 a chance to do/of doing/that...??的机会 [拓展] opportunity n.良机 are(that)they went out when we were calling.很可能我们打电话的时候,他 们就出去了。 12.charge v.要价;索费;充电;谴责,控诉 n.费用;价钱;谴责;管理 [归纳] 因??向某人索费 因??谴责某人 free of charge 免费 in charge of 管理,负责 由??管理 take charge of 接管 He was the project,but now it is me, for he his mistakes in the work.他过去负责这个工程,但现 在由我来管,因为他被控告工作失职。 13.check n.支票;检查,核对 vt.检查,核对 [归纳]check in 登记 check out 结账离开;退房 You must at the airport an hour before your plane leaves.你必须在飞机起 飞前一小时到达机场办理登机手续。 14.circumstance n.条件;环境;状况 [归纳]under/in the circumstances 在这种情况下;既然如此 under/in no circumstances 决不,无论如何 are you to leave the house. 任何情况下你都不能离开房子。

13

?短语荟萃 look

? look into 调查,研究 ?look out 留神,当心 ?look through 浏览 系列短语? look up 查阅;抬头看 ?look up to 尊敬 look down on/upon 轻视,看不起 ? ?look forward to 盼望,期待
look back

回头看;回顾,回忆

While you are the novel,there is no need for you to every new word in the dictionary because you can guess their meanings according to the context.你在浏 览小说的时候,不必去查每个新单词,因为可以通过语境来猜测词义。 ?佳句有约 地点状语从句 (1) If you are traveling where the customs are really foreign to your own,please do as the Romans do. 如果你在一个风俗习惯与你的风俗习惯完全不同的地方旅游,请入乡随俗。 (2)The little girl who got lost decided to remain in the place where she was and waited for her mother. 这个迷路的小女孩决定待在原地等她妈妈。 (3) In peace,too,the Red Cross is expected to send help wherever there is human suffering. 凡有灾难的地方,人们都期望得到红十字会的援助。 1.That is________I was born and grew up. A.there B.in which

C.where D.the place 2.(2012 年西安一模)I really don't know________I put my wallet after I paid the bill. A.where was it C.where it was that B.it was where that D.where was it that

3.It is very rare to find a case________obesity is purely genetic. A.why C.as B.where D.which

4.In my hometown,there is a mysterious lake,________depth has never been measured. A.which C.where needed. A.who C.whose B.where D.whom I left off yesterday. C. from which 14 B.that D.whose

5.The Internet today can draw public attention to situations________help is actually

6.Today I will take up the story A. in which B. which

D. where

7. unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until 8.-I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. -That’s_______I don’t agree .You should have a more active life. A.where B.how C.when D.what ?常见高级短语替换 一般→高级 expect→look forward to should→be supposed to use→take advantage of visit→pay a visit to during→in the course of save→set aside as/so long as→on condition that be made up of→consist of for example→for instance most of→the majority of in fact→as a matter of fact have to do→can not help but try one’s best to do→spare no effort to do ?写作模板狂背 类型:介绍活动经过 典例:介绍“体验一天低碳生活”的活动 模板: [总述主题]The students in our class took_part_in an activity of “Experience a Lowcarbon Day”during Labor Day. [描述经过] In the morning, we went to the park by bus instead of by car.At noon, when we ate out in a restaurant,we use our own lunch box with a pair of chopsticks and a spoon instead of the disposable (一次性的)chopsticks served there.In the afternoon,we went shopping at a supermarket,and put what we had bought into our cloth bags and avoided using free plastic bags.Although it was hot at night,we didn’t turn on the air conditioners but cooled ourselves down by using the electric fans.(注意:以时间为线索) [表达感想]The activity lasted only one day,but we have learned a lot from it.We realize that we should take action for our earth by beginning with the small things around us.Only in this way can we live in a better world. 0 高频词汇 1.coincidence n.巧合,巧合的事;一致,符合 [归纳] coincidence 碰巧;由于巧合 by a strange coincidence 由于不可思议的巧合 coincidence!多么巧合的事啊! It can’t be a coincidence that four jewelry stores were robbed in one night. 四个珠宝店在一个晚上被抢劫是不可能这么巧合的。 2.combine vt.&vi.(使)联合;(使)结合 [归纳]combine A with(and)B 把 A 和 B 结合起来 be with 同??相结合 We should work pleasure. 我们应将工作与娱乐结合起来。 15

3.command n.& v.命令;指挥;控制 [归纳]be in command of 控制 be in/under the command of 受??控制 take command of 开始控制 command sb. sth. 命令某人做某事 We them and had to do anything that they us to do.我们被他们控制了,不得不做他们命令我们做的任何事情。 4.commit vt.犯(错误、罪行等);承诺;把??委托于?? [派生]commitment n. 承诺;花费,使用(资金、时间、人力等) [归纳]commit 犯罪 commit 谋杀/自杀 commit oneself 答应,承诺 If you commit a crime,you can never escape being punished.如果你犯罪,就逃脱不了要 受惩罚。 5.company n.公司;商号;陪同;交际;朋友;伙伴 [派生]companion n. 伙伴 vt. 陪同,陪伴 [归纳]in company with=in one’s company 和??在一起;与??同时 keep company with 与??交往 To be honest,I feel at home . 诚实地说,和你在一起我轻松自在。 6.compare v.比较,对比 [派生]comparison n.比较,对照 [归纳]compare... ...把??与??相比较 compare... ...把??比作?? compared with/to 与??比较起来 comparison 无与伦比 comparison with 与??相比较 to/with our small apartment,our uncle’s house seems like a palace. 和我们的小公寓相比,叔叔的公寓就好像是座宫殿。 7.complain vt.&vi.抱怨 [派生] n.怨言,不满 [归纳]complain sb. (就??)向某人抱怨 complain to sb.that...向某人抱怨 make a complaint against 对??进行投诉 It is strange that they should endure the hardships without . 他们竟然能够毫无怨言地忍受困苦真是奇怪。 8.compete vi.竞争,比赛 [派生] n. 竞争,比赛 n.竞争者 [归纳]compete 为??竞争 compete 与??竞争 She usually competes with her little sister for her mother’s attention. 她通常与她的妹妹在母亲面前争宠。 9.compromise n.& v.妥协;折中 [归纳] compromise with 与??妥协 We simply can’t compromise on the question of human rights.我们就是不能在人权问题上 让步。 10.concentrate v.集中(注意力、精力),专心 [派生] n.集中,专心 [归纳]concentrate... 把??集中于 16

concentrate on 集中精力于,专心于 Doctors are aiming to more prevention than cure. 医生们正力求集中精力搞好预防而不是治疗。 11.concern v.涉及;让(某人)担忧;n.担心,挂念 [派生] prep.关于 concern oneself about /for? ?为??担心 [归纳] be concerned about/for ? as as...be concerned 就??而言 be with/in 和??有关,牵涉 ,I don’t object to your marriage.就我个人而言, 我不反对你们结婚。 12.conclude vt.&vi.推断出,断定;结束 [派生] n.结论;结束 [归纳 conclude 总而言之,总之 conclusion 最后,综上所述 Draw/ /reach a conclusion 得出结论 ,I would like to thank everyone who helped to make this event possible. 最后,我要感谢促成此事的每个人。 ?短语荟萃 1.make

?make up 编造;化妆;组成,构成 ?make up for 弥补 系列短语?make sense 有意义,讲得通 make sense of 理解,明白 ?make the best/most of 充分利用 ?make it 及时达到,成功
make out

辨认出;理解

It is reported that the aged people in China population. 据报道,中国老年人占全国总人口的 10%还要多。

more than ten percent of the

17

2.put

? 储存;放弃 ?put away 收起来放好 ?put down 记下;平定,镇压 ?put forward 提出?计划、建议?;拨快 系列短语?put off 推迟,延期 out 扑灭;生产;发表 ?put put on 穿戴;假装;上映 ?put up 建造;举起;提出;张贴, 分布;投宿 ? ?put up with 容忍,忍受
put aside 将??放在一边; As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake,many people had to be in a stadium,and the sports meeting had to be . 因为地震后他们的房子大都严重被毁, 所以许多人只能住在体育场, 运动会也被迫推迟 了。 ?佳句有约 So, either,neither 引导的句式 (1)They love having lots of friends;so_do_I. 他们喜欢交很多朋友,我也是如此。 (2)He said he would come to see me the next day and so_he_did.他说第二天要来看我, 他确 实来了。 (3)It won’t do them any good,but it won’t do them any harm either. 这对他们没好处,但也没什么害处。 (4)He hasn’t been abroad.Neither_have_I. 他没有出过国,我也没有。 (5)—Mary likes playing the piano,but she can’t play it well.玛丽喜欢弹钢琴,但是她弹得 不好。 —So_it_is_with/It’s_the_same_with her brother. 她的哥哥也是这样。 1. ---It is fine today. ---__________. And a very day for fishing, isn’t it? A. So it is B. It is so C. Is it so D. So is it 2. Albert Einstein cared little for money. __________ Professor Wang. A. Either did B. So was C. So did D. Neither did 3. ---Peter likes playing football, but he can’t play it well. ---_____________. A. So does his brother B. Nor does his brother C. So is his brother D. It’s the same with his brother 4.(2012 年山东实验中学诊断)-Michael has changed beyond recognition. -________!How did he manage to lose so much weight? A.So has he B.Neither has he C.So he has D.Nei ther he has 5---I'd like to go shopping with you, but I have a lot of homework______________. ---If you don't want to go,________. A.to do; so do I B.to do; neither do I 18

C.to be done; nor will I D.to do; neither will I 6---Tom works hard at English. ---____________, and_____________. A.So does he; so you do B.So you do; so is he C.So he does; so do you D.So he will; so do you 7---Mary likes playing the piano, but she can't play it well. ---_____________. A.So does her brother B.Neither does her brother C.So it was with her brother D.It's the same with her brother 8---It was careless of you to have left your clothes outside all night. ---My God!____________. A.So did I B.So I did C.So were you 9.---My room gets very cold at night. ---___ ___. (2007 江苏卷) A. So is mine B. So mine is D.So did you

C. So does mine

D. So mine does

?写作能力提升 简单句华丽大变身(Ⅰ) 使用复合句 1.使用定语从句 找准信息的最佳结合点, 在某一关键信息词后续定语从句, 以此将简单句压缩, 巧妙“嫁 接”。 ①I led them to the nearby bus stop and advised them to take Bus No.20.It could take them there directly. →I led them to the nearby bus stop and advised them to take Bus No.20, which_could_take_them_there_directly.(2012· 高考北京卷写作) 我把他们带到附近的公共汽车站牌并建议他们乘坐 20 路公交车,因为它可以直接带他 们到达那里。 ②The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street.It is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. →The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, which_is_not_far_from_Jianxin_Chinese_School. 公寓在芳草街的一座大楼上,离新汉语学校不远。 2.使用状语从句 依据前后逻辑关系,巧妙使用从属连词将简单句连接起来。防止要点毫无关联、生拉硬 套。 The street is just to the south of Tian’anmen Square.You can get there by Buses No.17,69 or 59.Subway Line 2 has a stop there,too. →As_the_street_is_in_the_center_of_Beijing, just_to_the_south_of_Tian’_anmen_Square(压缩为状语从句),it’s very convenient to get there by Buses No.17,69,59 or Subway Line 2. 由于街道在北京中心,就在天安门广场南边,因此乘坐 17,69,59 公交车或乘 12 路地铁 很方便到达那儿。 3.使用名词性从句 根据意义需要, 巧妙将其中一个简单句融为另一个简单句的句子成分, 从而实现两个简 单句的完美对接。 ①It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what_is_covered_in_the_talk.(宾语从句) 听磁带学习谈话中覆盖的对我来说是一种好方法。 ②My hometown is no longer what_it_used_to_be.(表语从句) 19

我的家乡不再是过去的样子了。 ③Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother is about a story that_the_author_applied_the_Chinese_traditional_education_method_to_instruct_her_two_daught ers.(同位语从句)(2011· 高考广东卷写作) 图书“Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother”是关于作者用中国传统方式教育两个女儿的故事。 ④What_excited_his_parents_most_is that he had passed the entrance exam and was admitted to his dream college.(主语从句) 令他父母兴奋的是他已通过入学考试并且被梦寐以求的大学录取。 高频词汇 1.condition n.状况;条件 [归纳]be condition 健康,状况良好 be condition 健康不佳,情况欠佳 no condition 在任何条件下都不,决不 I myself.If I had ,I wouldn’t have hesitated to go to help those people who were living in such poor conditions. 我本人身体不好。 如果我健康的话, 我就会毫不迟疑地去帮助那些生活在如此差的条件 下的人们。 2.confident adj.自信的,有信心的 [派生] n. 信心;信任 [归纳]be confident of/about/that...对??有信心 We we can maintain the customers’ in our product. 我们有信心使顾客保持对我们产品的信任。 3.conflict n.冲突,抵触 [归纳]conflict of interest 利益冲突 come into conflict with...与??冲突/作战/发生矛盾 in conflict(with)(与??)相抵触/不一致 She found herself her parents over her future career. 她发现自己在将来择业的问题上与父母存在着分歧。 4.congratulate v.祝贺 [派生] n.祝贺(常用复数) [归纳]congratulate sb. sth.为某事向某人祝贺 congratulations on 对??表示祝贺 She warmly my exam results. 她为我的考试结果向我表示热烈的祝贺。 5.consequence n.结果;重要性 [归纳]be great consequence 非常重要 in consequence 结果 a consequence 作为??的结果 The safety procedures were ignored with potentially tragic consequences. 安全程序被忽视了,这有可能带来悲剧性的后果。 6.consist vi.组成,构成;在于,存在于 [归纳]consist 由??组成 Consist 在于,决定于 [拓展] be made up of ? ?由??组成 be composed of? The distinguished enterprise 12 departments,each of which 20 people,who graduated from top universities. 这家优秀的公司由 12 个部门组成,每个部分又由 20 名名校毕业生组成。 7.content n.内容;(书籍的)目录(用复数) 20

adj.满足的,甘心的 [归纳]be content 对??感到满足 be content sth. 满足于做某事 Not the of the course, many students quitted the course. 因为对课程内容不满意,很多学生放弃了那门课。 8.contrary n.相反的事物 adj.相反的;反对的 [归纳] the contrary 正相反 the contrary 相反的 Contrary 与??相反 popular belief the desert can be a beautiful place.和人们通常的看法正好相 反,沙漠会是一个美丽的地方。 9.contribute v.对??有贡献;捐献;投稿 [派生]contribution n.贡献;捐助 [归纳]contribute to 有助于,有益于 Make to 对??做贡献 A proper amount of exercise good health.适量的锻炼有助于身体健康。 10.control v.&n.控制;支配 [归纳] control 无法控制 lose control of 失去对??的控制 control 受控制 I prefer living alone because I feel I have more control my life.我偏爱独居,因 为我觉得我对自己的生活控制力较强。 11.convenient adj.方便的;便利的 [派生]convenience n.方便 [归纳] convenient for sb. sth. 对某人来说做某事是方便的 your convenience 在你方便的时候 Would it be you pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport? 四点钟你来接我然后送我去机场方便吗? 12.convince vt.使确信;使信服 [派生]convinced adj.确信的,坚信的 [归纳]convince sb. 使某人信服?? convince sb.to do sth.说服某人做某事 of 确信,坚信 You need to your interviewer your ability to master the work.你需要让你 的面试官相信你有驾驭这份工作的能力。 13.correspond v.一致,符合;通信 [派生] n.一致,符合;相似;通信;信件 [归纳]correspond 和??相似;与??相当 correspond with/to 和??一致;与??相符合 be correspondence 与??一致;与??有书信来往 The government report of the incident doesn’t those of eyewitnesses. 政府对这起事件的报导与目击证人的说法不一致。

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?短语荟萃 take

?take along 随身携带 ?take back 收回?说错的话?;退回 ?take down 记下,写下;拆除 ?take for 误认为 系列短语?take in 吸收;领会;欺骗 off 起飞;脱下;?事业?腾飞; ?take 走红;休假 ?take on 雇用;呈现 take over 接管;接收 ? ?take up 占据?时间或空间?;从事,开始做
take after 相像 She was tired and wanted to find a bench to sit for a while,but they were all . 她很疲劳,想找个凳子坐一会儿,但所有的凳子都被占了。 ?佳句有约 表示“虽然,尽管”句式 (1)Although regular exercise is very important,it’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime. 尽管有规律的锻炼非常重要,然而临睡之前锻炼却算不上是一个好主意。 (2)While I agree with you,I don’t believe your way is best. 尽管我同意你的看法,但我不认为你的方法是最好的。 (3)Much as he likes the bike,he doesn’t want to buy it.尽管他很喜欢那辆自行车,但不想 买它。 (4)In_spite_of/Despite many difficulties,we managed to finish the project on time.尽管困难 很多,但我们还是设法按时完成了这项工程。 1. We had to wait half an hour_______ we had already booked a table. A. since B. although C. until D. before 2. ________ you have tried it, you can’t imagine how pleasant it is. A. Unless B. Because C. Although D. When 3. In peace, too, the Red Cross is expected to send help_______ there is human suffering. A. whoever B. however C. whatever D. wherever 4. There was never any time for Kate to feel lonely,________ she was an only child. A. ever since B. now that C. even though D. even as 5. The old tower must be saved, ______ the cost. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever 6. He tried his best to solve the problem, _______ difficult it was. A. however B. no matter C. whatever D. although 7. It is known to all that _______ you exercise regularly, you won’t keep good health. A. unless B. whenever C. although D. if 8. _______, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. A. However the story is amusing B. No matter amusing the story is C. However amusing the story is 22

D. No matter how the story is amusing 9. You can eat food free in my restaurant _______ you like. A. whenever B. wherever C. whatever D. however 10. ________ modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. A. While B. Since C. As D. If 11. _______ you do, try your best. A. Whenever B. Wherever C. Whatever D. However 12. ______ difficult the task may be, we will try our best to complete it in time. A. No matter B. No wonder C. Though D. However 13. _______, he knows how to live and study. A. A child as he is B. As he is a child C. Child as he is D. Though he is child 14. ________ the dictionary, he could not afford to buy it. A. He liked very much B. As he liked much C. Much as he liked D. Liked as he 15. All living things_______, couldn’t live without air or water. A. whether they are animals or plants B. not matter what they are animals or plants C. even if animals and plants D. not only animals but also plants 16. Which sentence is wrong? A. Though she has some shortcomings, but she is a nice girl. B. Although she has some shortcomings, she is a nice girl. C. Even if she has some shortcomings, she is a nice girl. D. With all her shortcomings ,she is a nice girl. ?写作能力提升 简单句华丽大变身(Ⅱ) 使用并列句 当前后关系并列时, 使用并列连词或关键连词将简单句直接合并。 句与句通过连词的连 接在结构上更紧凑,在内容上逻辑意义更清。 ①I did most of the duties myself.Other students cared little about class activities. →I did most of the duties myself while other students cared little about class activities.(2011· 高考湖北卷写作) 我亲自做了大多数的班级工作而其他学生对班里的活动不大关心。 ②Yet through his painstaking efforts,he changed his own fate and the history of America. →Yet through his painstaking efforts.he changed not_only his own fate but_also the history of America.(2012· 高考浙江卷写作) 通过他的辛苦努力,他不但改变了自己的命运而且改变了美国的历史. ?写作模板狂背 类型:灾难性事件 典例:报道汶川地震 模板: [时间地点]A terrible earthquake struck_Wenchuan,Sichuan,China on May 12th,2008. [灾情] Being the strongest earthquake in China since the 1976 Tangshan earthquake,it caused 69,197 deaths,374,176 injured,and 18,340 missing.A great number of houses and buildings were_destroyed,leaving as many as 10,000,000 people homeless and there were 23

hill slides, with roads blocked as well as water supply, electricity and telecommunication cut off. [救援] Fortunately,the government took_immediate_action.A great many soldiers were sent there to rescue the people from danger,and lots of volunteers offered_to help.Large quantities of food,water,tents,and medicine were_transported from all over China and other parts of the world to the earthquakestricken area. 高频词汇 1.count v.数数,计算;重要 [派生] adj.可数的,可计数的 adj.无数的,不计其数的 [归纳]count 考虑在内 count 指望,依赖 What is not that the boy can from one to one hundred, but that he shows great interest in it. 重要的不是孩子能从一数到一百,而是他对此表现出的强烈兴趣。 2.cover n.盖子;罩子 v.覆盖;行走,走过;包含;采访,报道;足以支付 [归纳]be covered with 被??覆盖 —Do you have enough to all your daily expenses? —Oh yes,enough and to spare. ——你的钱够支付日常开销吗? ——够了,足够而且还有节余呢。 3.crazy adj.疯狂的;为??狂热的,热衷的 [归纳]be crazy about 热衷于 crazy 拼命地 We are going to have to work to get this work finished on time. 为了按时完成这项工作,我们不得不拼命干。 4.damage n.& v.损害;毁坏 [归纳] damage to...对??造成损害 Teenagers are their health because they play computer games too much. 青少年由于过多沉迷电脑游戏正在自毁健康。 5.deal n.交易,协议 v.对付,应付 [归纳]It’s a deal.一言为定。 a great/good deal of 很多,大量(修饰不可数名词) deal with 对付,处理 Last Friday,he had trouble and didn’t know how to it. 上周五,他遇到了一大堆麻烦,又不知道怎么处理。 6.decline v.婉拒,谢绝;n.衰弱;减少 [归纳 the decline 衰退中 They asked me to their party,but I the invitation.他们邀请我去参加舞会,但是 我谢绝了邀请。 7.decrease n.& v.减少;减小;降低 [归纳] the decrease 在减少中 [拓展] increase n.& v.增加 on the increase 不断增加 Over the past decades,sea ice in the Arctic as a result of global warming.过去的几十年中,北冰洋里的冰因全球变暖一直在减少。 8.defend v.保卫,防御;辩护 [归纳]defend...from/against 保卫??免受?? [拓展] defence/defense n.防御,防卫 24

in defence of 为了保卫?? They needed more troops to defend the border against possible attack. 他们需要更多的军队来保卫边疆免受外敌入侵。 9.delay n.& v.延期,延误,耽搁 [归纳]without delay 毫不耽搁,立即 delay doing sth.耽搁做某事 Don’t delay claiming or you may lose benefit. 不要耽搁声明,否则你可能利益受损。 10.demand v.& n.要求;需要 [归纳]demand that...要求??(从句中用虚拟语气) demand to do sth.要求做某事 in demand 有需要的 He demanded that the report(should) be made public.他强烈要求公开这份报道。 11.depend vi.依靠,依赖;取决于 [归纳]depend on 依靠,依赖 It(just)depends.视情况而定。 A few animals depend on only one of their senses,while most animals use more than one sense. 一些动物仅仅依靠一种感官,而大多数动物则使用不止一种。 12.deny v.否定,否认 [归纳]deny doing sth. 否认做过某事 deny sb.to be 否认某人是?? No one can deny that the rise of China’s economy leads China to play a more and more important role in international affairs.毋庸置疑,中国的经济崛起使得中国在国际事务中扮演 越来越重要的角色。 13.deserve vt.应受,应得;值得 [归纳]deserve(to do)sth.应该做某事 deserve doing/to be done 值得被?? You’ve been working all morning—I think you deserve(to have)a rest. 整个上午你一直在工作。我想你应该休息了。 ?短语荟萃 1.turn

?turn on 打开,接通 ?turn off 关掉 ?turn up 调大;出现 系列短语?turn down 调小;拒绝 in 上交 ?turn turn out 生产,制造;结果是,证明是 ?turn over 翻转;移交 ?turn to 求助于
turn against 背叛;使与??为敌 Having turned in the new plan,Mary was disappointed to find it turned down and fell into great depression.交上新计划后,玛丽看到该计划被拒绝非常失望,难以振作。

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2.give

?give back 归还;恢复?健康、精神? ?give in 呈交;呈上;屈服,让步 系列短语?give off 发出,放出?气味、热、光等? give out 分发;公布,发表;发出?光、 ? 热等?;用完,耗尽 ?give up 停止;放弃
give away 赠送;颁发;泄露 After walking in the Shanghai World Expo Park for a whole day,my legs gave out under me and I gave up my plan of visiting the whole city. 在上海世博园里走了一整天,我的腿筋疲力尽,因此我放弃了观看整座城市的计划。 ?佳句有约 since 特殊句式 1.It is/has been +一段时间+since... 自某时刻到现在已有多久?? (2011· 高考四川卷)As is reported,it is 100 years since Qinghua University was founded. 正如报道的那样,清华大学已有百年历史。 2.since 表示“因为,由于,既然” I’m forever on a diet,since I put on weight easily. 我一直都在节食,因为我很容易长胖。 ?写作能力提升 简单句华丽大变身(Ⅲ) 使用特定句式 特定句式的使用让句式灵活,避免刻板单一,使行文活泼流畅、富于变化。 (1)倒装句 ①The library is to the east of the teaching building.→East of the teaching building is_the_library. 图书馆在教学楼的东边。 ②Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorlyequipped classroom,I found the teachers patient and considerate.(2012· 高考湖北卷写作) 尽管我对破旧的校园和极差的教室设备很失望, 但我发现老师却是有耐心的和考虑周到 的。 ③Only_in_this_way_can_we_live in more comfortable and beautiful surroundings.(2012· 高 考福建卷) 只有用这种方式我们才能住在一个舒适漂亮的环境里。 ④May all your dreams come true!May our friendship last till the end of the universe! 祝你梦想成真!祝我们的友谊常青! (2)强调句 It is/was+被强调部分+that... ①It_is_for_these_reasons_that I finally made my choice.(2012· 高考安徽卷写作) 因为这些原因我最终做出了我的选择。 ②It_is_what_Yang_Liwei_has_done_that encourages us a lot. 杨利伟所做的鼓励了我们许多。 ③Those_who_like_reading_extensively_say_it_is_through reading that we get our knowledge. 广泛阅读的人说,通过阅读我们能得到知识。 (3)with 结构 ①The park was full of freshness and beauty of spring,

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with_the_sun_shining_and_birds_singing.(2012· 高考福建卷写作) 这个公园充满了清新和春天的美丽,阳光照耀,小鸟歌唱。 ②He was carrying a bedroll and a large bag on his shoulder, with_a_large_suitcase_in_his_left_hand. 他肩上背着一个铺盖卷和一个大包,左手上拉着一个大的手提箱。 (4)用同位语代替非限制性定语从句 Meimei,who is seven years old,has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days. →Meimei,a_girl_of_seven,has_been_learning_to_ride_a_bicycle_for_several_days. 梅梅,一位七岁的小女孩,已经学骑车好几天了。 高频词汇 1.determine v.决心;决定 [派生] adj.坚定的;决心 n.决心;决定 ? determine to do ?动作? ? ?决心做 [归纳] be determined to do ?状态?? ? My brother is a determined man. Once he something, he will make every effort to achieve it.我的哥哥是一个有决心的人。 一旦他决定做一件事, 就竭尽全力地去实现它。 2.devote v.奉献;致力于 [派生] n.献身;热爱 [归纳]devote...to...把??用于?? devote oneself to/be devoted to 献身于;致力于 Millions of people have to more time and energy studying new skills technologies so that they can keep a favorable position in job market.成千上万的人们不得 不花费更多的精力和时间学习新的技术和知识,使得他们在就业市场中能保持优势。 3.dilemma n.(进退两难的)窘境,困境 [归纳]be a dilemma 进退两难 I’m over whether to tell him or not. 我进退两难,不知道是否该告诉他。 4.direction n.方向;指导 [派生]direct adj. 直接的 v. 指导 director n. 指导者;导演 [归纳] the direction of 朝着??的方向 one’s direction 在某人 指导下 As shots rang out,the crowd ran screaming .枪声响起的时候, 人群尖叫着四散奔逃。 5.distance n.距离;远处;疏远 [派生] adj.远的,(关系)淡漠的 [归纳] the distance 在远处 at a distance 隔开一段距离 keep sb. a distance 疏远某人 One of my relatives lives in a house 100 metres ahead, which looks like an old tower .我的一个远亲住在前面 100 米处的一 所房子里,从远处看,这所房子像一座古塔。 6.distinguish v.区分;辨别 distinguish...from...? ?把??与??区分开 [归纳] tell...from... ? Over the course of training,the program starts asking you to distinguish sounds at an increasingly faster speed. 27

7.doubt n.& v.怀疑 [归纳]There is no doubt ... 不容置疑?? There is some doubt ... 怀疑是否?? Some western countries whether China will threaten the world if it becomes strong.There is no doubt this is lack of evidence. 有些西方国家怀疑,如果中国强大了,会不会对世界造成威胁。毫无疑问这种怀疑是无 任何依据的。 8.due adj.预期的;应付的 [归纳]due to(to 为介词) 因为,由于 be due to do sth. 预定做某事 People who have lost the ability to understand or use words brain damage are called aphasics. 由于大脑损伤而丧失理解和使用文字能力的人被称为失语症患者。 9.effort n.努力,尝试 [归纳] every/an effort to do sth. 努力做某事 no effort 不遗余力 Every effort is being deal with the issues you raised at the last meeting. 正尽一切努力处理你在上次会议上提出的问题。 10.encourage v.鼓励,鼓舞 [派生]encouragement n.鼓励 [归纳]encourage sb.to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. 受科技进步的激励,很多农民在他们的田地上建起了风力发电农场。 11.enthusiastic adj.热情的;热心的 [派生] n.热情;热心 [归纳]be enthusiastic 对??热心 They are more than enthusiastic the idea of the singer coming to visit. 他们对这位歌星要来访一事非常热心。 12.equal adj.平等的;相等的 vt.等于,相当于 [派生] n.相等;平等 [归纳]be equal 和??相等;能胜任 While some people try to protect the school and examination system in the name of equality, others,still in the name of equality,want only to destroy it. 当一些人以公平的名义要努力保护学校和考试制度时, 还有些人也打着公平的旗号却要 废除这种制度。 13.equip vt.装备;配备 [派生] n.装备;配备 [归纳]be equipped for 为??而准备 被装备?? equip sb.to do 使某人能够做?? Since all the examination rooms have cameras,you had better give up the plan of cheating in the examination or you deserve the punishment when caught. 既然所有的考场都安装了摄像头, 你最好还是放弃作弊的念头吧, 否则被抓到也是自找 苦吃。

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?短语荟萃 hold

?hold on 坚持;?电话用语?别挂断 ?hold on to 坚持;抓住不放 系列短语?hold out 伸出;坚持,维持 hold up 举起;支撑;阻挡,使停顿 ?hold off 推迟,延迟 ?hold to 抓紧;坚持
hold back

阻碍;隐瞒;控制?情感?

We must hold on until people come to our rescue if we are trapped in an earthquake.如果我 们在地震中被困,我们一定要坚持到人们来救我们。 ?佳句有约 not only...but also 不但??而且 not...but...不是,而是 either...or...或者??或者 neither...nor...既不??也不 (1)We should not only know the theory but also learn how to apply it in practice.我们不但 应该了解理论而该学会如何理论应用于实践。 (2)Between the two generations,it is often not their age,but their education that causes misunderstanding. 在这两代人之间,不是他们的年龄而是他们的教育造成误解。 (3)Neither its cause nor its cure was understood. 人们既不知道它的病源,也不了解对它的治疗。 ?写作能力提升 简单句华丽大变身(Ⅳ) 使用非谓语动词 使用非谓语动词,构成非限定从句,既能使用较复杂的语法为行文增色,又能合并简单 句,一举两得。使用非谓语动词作状语时,注意前后逻辑主语要保持一致。 ①I don’t know about others,but I used to have to work even at weekends doing_endless_ homework_and_attending_classes_as_well. 我不知道别人,但是我过去经常不得不甚至在周末工作,做无休止的作业还得上课。 ②I sat in the classroom, feeling_sad_and_wondering_how_I_could_do_to_get_my_lost_book_back.我坐在教室里感到悲 伤,想着怎样才能找到我丢失的书。 ③Hearing_this,a few people began to run after him. 听到这些,一些人开始追随他。 ④Born_in_American,Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inventor.出生在美国的 Thomas Edison 是一位伟大的科学家和发明家。 ⑤To_avoid_such_conflicts,we should be kind to one another,which is essential to enjoy a harmonious life.(2012· 高考江苏卷写作)为避免冲突我们应善待别人,这是一个和谐生活所必 需的。 ?写作模板狂背 类型:现象分析 典例:环境保护 模板: [说明现状]These_days_we_often_hear_that our living conditions are getting more and more serious because of the pollution of our environment.It_is_common_that many plants and animals are becoming extinct,and many important food chains have been badly affected. [分析原因] Why_does_such_a_circumstance_occur_in_spite_of_social_protection_? (原 29

因一) For one thing,the population of the world is increasing so rapidly that the world has been so crowded.(原因二)For_another,the overuse of natural resources has influenced the balance of natural ecology.(原因三) What’s_more,a great number of factories have appeared since the industrial revolution.The smoke and harmful chemicals released from factories also pollute the environment. [解决方法]Though it is not easy to_solve_the_problem,we can do something such_as planting more trees , taking public transport and learning to recycle natural resources to_improve_the_present_situation.In_this_way,I do believe everything will be better in the future.

高频词汇 1.exchange n.& v.交换;交流 [归纳]exchange... ... 以??换取?? exchange...with(sb.) 和(某人)换?? in exchange(for) 作为(对??的)交换 Is for you to your newspaper this newly published magazine with me so that we can share the information?你现在方便把你的报纸和我这本 新出的杂志交换一下,以便我们共享一下信息吗? 2.express vt.表达;表示 n.特快列车;快递服务 [派生] n.表达;表情;短语 [归纳]express 表达自己的想法 expression 无法形容,无法表达 Parents have expressed their concerns about their children’s safety.家长们表示对孩子们的 安全很关心。 3.favo(u)r n.恩惠;好意;帮助 [派生] adj.特别热爱的 adj.善意的;适合的;有利的 [归纳]ask a favor of sb. 请某人帮助 do sb.a favor/do a favor for sb. 帮某人忙 支持,赞同 I’m the idea that you should him/her when someone you . 我赞同这样的观点:当某人求你帮忙时, 你应该提供帮助。 4.figure n.数字;图形;体型;人物 v.认为,判断 [归纳]figure 把??考虑在内 Figure 指望 Figure 理解;计算出 He couldn’t how to print out the document until the teacher showed it to him. 直到老师教给他看,他才明白如何打印文件。 5.flexible adj.柔韧的;灵活的 During the Spring Festival,he designed a flexible schedule where he combined the study with entertainment. 。 6.grateful adj.感激的;感谢的 [归纳]be grateful to sb.for sth. 因某事向某人表示感谢 I would be grateful if you could/would... 如果你能??我将感激不尽。 30

We return the signed contracts as soon as possible. 如果你能将签好的合同尽快返还,我们将不胜感激。 7.general n.将军 adj.大体的;全面的;一般的;综合的 [派生]generally adv.一般地;广泛地 [归纳] general 一般地,大体上 speaking 一般说来 as a general rule 一般而言;通常 , people are more polite to those who they think are of a higher social class. 一般说来,人们对那些他们认为是上层社会的人更礼貌些。 8.guarantee n.& v.保证,担保 [归纳]be guarantee 在保修期内 The government provides help for small businesses, but it can’t guarantee their success.虽然 政府为小型企业提供帮助,但这却不能保证它们会成功。 9.harmony n.和谐;融洽 [归纳] 与??和谐;与??协调一致 I don’t think your suggestion is the aim of this project. 我认为你的建议与这个工程项目的宗旨不一致。 10.head n.& vi.头;前往 [归纳]10 head of cattle 十头牛(head 表示“动物的数量、头数”时,单复数同形 ) head for/towards 朝??前进;面临??的结果 Though it may cost us our heads,our will to make revolution must never change. 头可断,革命意志不能丢。 11.hesitate v.犹豫,踌躇 [派生] n.踌躇,犹豫 [归纳]hesitate sth.对做某事有顾虑 hesitation 毫不迟疑 Don’t hesitate to contact me if you need any more information.如果你还需要更多的信息就 不要犹豫,直接与我联系。 12.inform vt.通知;告诉 [派生] n.信息 [归纳]inform sb. 通知某人?? Please any change of address as soon as possible.请尽快通知我们 地址方面的变化。 13.insist v.坚持;坚决要求 [归纳]insist sth.坚持做某事 He that he nothing wrong and (should)be set free. 他坚持说他没做错事,应该被释放。 ?短语荟萃 1.cut

? ?cut in 插嘴 系列短语?cut off 切断;砍掉 cut up 齐根割掉,切碎 ? ?cut across 抄近路穿过,影响
cut down 砍倒;削减 He has on smoking and take regular exercise to build up his body. 为了强身健体他减少吸烟量并且有规律的锻炼。 2.set

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?set aside留出?钱或时间? ? 把??放到一旁,暂时不考虑 系列短语?set down写下,记下 set off出发,启程,引发,使爆炸 ?set out动身,启程 ?set up创建,建立,产生
set about开始做,着手做 Let’s my personal feelings for now and work together to get over the present difficulty. 目前咱们就不要顾及我的个人感情了,共同合作克服目前的困难。 ?佳句有约 There be 特殊句式 1.There is(no)difficulty/trouble/point/delay/doubt (in)doing.../that 从句做某事没困难/没意 义/毫无耽搁/毫无疑问?? (1)As far as I’m concerned, there_is no point in persuading her, she will not change her mind. 就我个人而言,劝说她没用,她不会改变主意。 (2)—Is_there any possibility that you could pick me up at the airport? — No problem. ——你有没有可能来机场接我? ——没问题。 (3)You have been absorbed in your study.There_is no doubt that you will be admitted to Beijing University.你专心于学习,毫无疑问你会被北京大学所录取。 2.There is no need for sb.to do sth. 对某人来说没必要做某事 There_is_no_need_for_me_to praise it, it speaks for itself.无需我来称赞, 那是不说自明的。 ?写作能力提升 长难句恰到好处,多方式表达交错运用 我们强调高级复杂的句型, 不是说全部必须高级, 而是必须出现一些才能符合高考作文 大纲的要求, 而多种表达方式交错运用是为了尽量避免写作中的一大忌讳—重复。 试分析以 下高考写作中出现的长难句: Entering the classroom we were standing in line 1. ,Ms.Li was surprised to find , 现在分词作状语 宾语从句 clapping hands and saying loudly “Happy Teachers’ Day”! (2012· 高考陕西卷写作)一走进教室, 现在分词作伴随状语 李小姐吃惊地发现我们正排着队,鼓掌并大声说“教师节快乐”! that 2.My experience tells me it_is_not_what_you_are_given but how 宾语从句 you make use of it that who you are determines .(2012· 高考湖北卷写作) 强调句型 宾语从句 我的经历告诉我,不是你被给予的而是充分利用决定了你是什么样一个人。 On the other hand since everybody is related to others 3. , , 过渡语 让步状语从句 we should be responsible forwhat we say and what we do 主语 谓语 并列的两个宾语从句 so that we can develop a pleasant relationship with others , 目的状语从句 which make?it?形式宾语possible for us to enjoy 非限制性定语从句

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our life to the fullest. (2011· 高考湖南卷写作) 另一方面,既然每个人与别人有关系,我们就应该对我们所说的话和所做的事负责,以 便我们能与别人建立令人愉快的友谊,使我们最大限度地享受生活成为可能。 What is the most important is that I often surf on an 4. 主语从句 谓语 English websiteEnjoyReading in which it offers the , 表语从句 latest news,reading materials and so on .(2012· 高考山东卷写作) 非限制性定语从句 最重要的是我经常在一个叫 EnjoyReading 的英文网站冲浪,它提供最新消息、阅读材 料等。 Published in 2010 Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother 5. , , 分词作状语 主语 Whose writer a Chinese American professor , 非限制性定语从句 in Yale University is about a history , 同位语 谓语 表语 that the author applied the Chinese traditional , 同位语从句 educational method to instruct her two daughters . (2012· 高考广东卷写作) Battle Hymn of the tiger mother(书名)是关于作者用中国传统方式教育两个女儿的故事, 该书在 2010 年出版发行,它的作者叫 Amy Chua,一位美籍华人,耶鲁大学一名教授。

高频词汇 1.involve vt.& vi.使卷入;包含;专心于 [归纳]involve? in?使牵连进去,使陷入 be involved 和??有牵连;迷上了?? be involved (doing)sth.专心于 He working out a plan. 他专心致志地订计划。 2.judge n.法官;裁判员 v.判断;评价;断定 [派生] n.判断 [归纳] by/from 根据??来判断 in one’s judgement 依??看来 the look on her face, the news must have been terrible.从她脸上的神情看, 消息一定不好。 3.knowledge n.知识;理解;认识 [归纳]have knowledge 熟知;了解 The teacher’s comments are designed to help improve your knowledge and understanding.老 师的评语是为了帮助增长你的知识,提高你的理解力。 4.lack n.& vt.缺乏,没有 [归纳](a)lack of 缺少 be lacking in 缺乏 He has been away from home for almost one month,so he is likely to food for cash, his father estimated.他父亲估计: 他已经离家出走近一个 月了,所以他可能因为缺少现金而买不起食物。 33

5.make vt.制;使;赚得 [归纳]make 看出;理解 make 构成;化妆;弥补;编造 make 补偿,弥补 make 成功;赶上;设法;安排 I do believe you can make it(to the top)in the business world.我坚信你会在商界获得巨大 成功的。 6.manage vt.& vi.管理,经营;设法做到;(与 can,be able to 连用)对付 [归纳]manage sth.设法做成某事= in doing sth. manage with/without(依靠……/在没有??的情况下)设法去做,设法应付 We’ll just have to manage through the winter with one heater. 。 7.means n.(用作单数或复数)手段;方法;工具 [归纳]by means 尽一切办法;一定,务必;当然可以 by means 无论如何 by means 用;依靠 by means 决不,并没有(置于句首时,句子用倒装) We needed to get to London but we had no means of transport.Even so,by no means could we delay. 。 8.mention vt.& n.提到;说起 [归纳]mention(to sb.)that...(向某人)提及?? mention+wh从句 提及?? Don’t mention it.(对感谢或道歉的回应)不用客气;不用谢。 not to mention...更不用提?? I can’t go because I don’t have any free time, my lack of money! 我去不了,因为我没有空闲的时间,而且我也没钱。 9.mercy n.[U]怜悯,宽恕;仁慈 [归纳] the mercy 完全受??支配,任凭??摆布 have mercy 对??表示怜悯 The boat was at the mercy of the rapid current. 。 10.mess n.杂乱,混乱 [派生] adj.脏的;凌乱的 [归纳] a mess 杂乱无章,脏乱不堪 a mess of 把??搞得一塌糊涂 My life was real and I didn’t know what to do.当时我的生活乱 七八糟,我不知如何是好。 11.observe vt.观察,注意到;遵守;庆祝 ?do sth. [归纳]observe sb.? ?doing sth.
?做某事 ? 观察到某人? ? ?在做某事 A robot observes everything the workers are doing,deciding whether they are strictly observing the operation rules on fire control safely. 。 12.occupy v.占(空间、场所、地位等);居住于;占去(时间) occupy oneself with/in? ?从事于;专心于,忙于 [归纳] be occupied with/in ?

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occupation n.职业,固定工作;占有 Helen fully business matters,so we didn’t want to bother her. 因为海伦忙于业务,所以我们不想打扰她。 短语荟萃 out of

?out of reach够不着,达不到 ?out of order有毛病,出故障, 系列短语? 安排不当,行为不当,违犯规程 out of place位置不当,不得体,不适当 ?out of control失去控制,无法管理 ?out of mind忘却,不想
out of sight看不见,在视野之外 At the railway station,the mother waved goodbye to her daughter until the train was .在火车站, 母亲挥手与女儿告别直到火车消失在视野之外。 ?佳句有约 原因状语从句 He found it increasingly difficult to read,for_his_eyesight_was_beginning_to_fail. 因为视力开始下降所以他感觉读书越来越困难。 Now_that_we_have_lost_all_the_money,it’s no use turning on me and saying it’s all my fault. 既然我们的钱都丢了,对我说都是我的过错也没用。 ?写作能力提升 运用“畅词”,使文章连贯、流畅 所谓“畅词”,即关联词与过渡语,适当运用“畅词”,会使文章表达更自然,思路更 清晰,在写作中起着画龙点睛的作用。 Ⅰ.“畅词”在主题句中的运用 1.As...,??作为(一名)?,??。 As_a_student_reader,I’m writing to talk about the English textbooks published by your house.(2012· 高考辽宁卷写作)作为一个学生读者,我写信和你们探讨一下你们出版的英 语课本的问题。 2.To...,....对(某人)来说,??。 To_students,you’d better choose the activities which interest you and suit you.(2011· 高考四 川卷写作) 对于学生来说,你最好选择使你感兴趣适合你的活动。 3.Obviously,.....很显然,??。 Obviously , without the help of the whole society , there would be no new school today.(2011· 高考福建卷写作) 很明显,没有全社会的帮助,就不会有今天的新学校。 4.With the increase/growth of the population...随着人口的增加,?? Withthe advance ofscience_and_technology...随着科技的进步,?? Withthe rapid development of our economy,...随着我国经济的快速发展,?? 5.In the age of information and communication,...在这信息年代。 In_the_age_of_information_and_communication, the computer plays an extremely important role. 在这信息年代,计算机扮演着重要的角色。 6.In my opinion...=Personally speaking=As far as I am concerned...在我看来?? ①In_my_opinion,playing computer games not only takes up much time but also it harmful 35

to our health. 在我看来,打电脑游戏既花费时间也有害健康。 ②Personally_speaking,I agree with the later opinion to some extent.就我个人而言,我赞 同第二个观点。 ③As_far_as_I_am_concerned,I am really/completely in favor of the policy. 就我个人而言,我完全支持这项政策。 7.According to my personal experience=Based on my personal experience 根据我个人的 经验。 ①According_to_my_personal_experience, smile/has done me a lot of good.根据我个人的经 验,微笑带给我很多好处。 ②According_toa recent survey,four million people death year from diseases linked to smoking. 依照最近的一项调查,每年有四百万人死于吸烟有关的疾病。 8.鉴于社会实际的需要,?? In_view_of_the_practical_need_of_society, ...., there are more and more people interested in learning English. 鉴于社会实践的需要,愈来愈多的人对学英语有兴趣。 ?写作模板狂背 类型:说明异同 典例:说说英式英语和美式英语的异同(the differences and similarities between BE and AE) 模板: [先说同]Originated from British English,American English has_a_lot_in_common_with British English in meaning,grammar and other aspects. [ 转 折 ] However , ( 后 说 异 ) with the development of society , there_are_many_differences_in vocabulary,spelling,pronunciation and so on.(举例说明 异 ) For instance , “autumn” is British English while “fall” is used in American English.Americans pronounce “fast” /f?st/ but the British pronounce it/fa:st/.In spelling there_are_also_differences_between them.For example , the American spell the word “color”_whereas the British spell it“colour”. [分析异之原因]In_general,American English is more simple than British English,which has a lot to do with the ways of thinking and the characteristics of the Americans. 高频词汇 1.occur vi.发生;(想法、念头等)想起,浮现 [归纳] occurs sb.that...??的念头浮现于某人脑海 Suddenly her Joe was afraid of being alone.她突然想起乔 害怕独自一个人呆着。 2.offer v.主动提出;提供;出价 n.提供;出价 [归纳]offer sb.sth./offer sth.to sb.向某人提供某物 (supply sb sth/supply sth sb) (provide sb sth/provide sth sb) offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 We may decide not to go to certain places because we believe they will not offer something we enjoy. 我们可能决定不去某些地方,因为我们相信它们不会提供我们喜欢的东西。 3.point vt.& vi.指出,指向;朝向 n.点;观点;标点;时刻 [归纳] the point of 正要??的时候 point of view 观点 the point 中肯,切题 point 指出 36

point 指向 He was leaving when she came. 他正要出门,就在这时她来了。 4.prefer v.喜欢,宁愿 [派生] n.偏爱 [归纳]prefer...to...喜欢??而不喜欢?? prefer doing...to doing... 喜欢做??而不喜欢做?? Prefer ...rather than ... 喜欢做??而不喜欢做?? I asked her where she wanted to go on a vacation,but she didn’t express any preference. 我问她想去哪里度假,但她没表示有什么偏爱。 5.provide vt.提供;规定 [派生]provided conj.以??为条件,假如(常与 that 连用) provide sth.for sb. ? ?为某人提供某物 [归纳] provide sb.with sth.? there is no opposition,I will act as representative of our class. 如果没人反对,我就是咱们班的代表了。 6.reach vt.& vi.伸手;到达;打动 n.(智力、影响等)所及范围 [归纳]reach(out) 伸手够 / one’s reach 够不着的;力所不能及的 one’s reach 够得着的,力所能及的 Don’t leave matches or cigarettes on the table little children. 不要把火柴或香烟放在小孩子够得着的桌子上。 7.recognize vt.认出,辨认出;承认;认识到,明白 [派生] adj.为众人承认的,公认的 n.认出 [归纳]recognize... / 承认??(是??),认可 Mary came home so thin and weak that her own children hardly recognized her.玛丽回家时 是如此瘦弱以至于她自己的孩子几乎认不出她来了。 8.recommend vt.推荐;建议 [归纳]recommend sb. ...推荐某人为?? recommend sb.for...推荐某人做(某职位) recommend sb.sth.(=recommend sth. sb.) 向某人推荐某物 recommend that... 建议??(从句用虚拟语气) He me your adviser and the two companies be combined with each other. 他推荐我作你的顾问并建议两家公司联合。 9.reflect vt.反射;反映;反省 [派生] n. 倒影;反映 [归纳]reflect (in sth.)反映;映出 reflect that 从句思考 The boss is reflecting whether the worker’s remarks reflect his real thoughts. 老板在思考那工人的话是否反映了他真实的想法。 10.regardless adj.不重视的;不注意的 adv.不顾后果地;不管怎样 [归纳] 不管,任凭 his partner’s objection,he still determined to apply for the position of manager. 不顾他伙伴的反对,他仍决定申请经理这个岗位。

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11.remind vt.提醒;使想起 ?sb.of sth.使某人想起某物 ? [归纳]remind? ? ?sb.to do sth.提醒某人做某事 The photo my grandpa,who often not give up trying new things. 这张照片使我想起我的祖父,他经常提醒我不要放弃尝试新东西。 12.significance n.重要性;意义 [归纳]be great significance 意义重大 It was only later that we realized the true significance of his remark. 后来我们才领会到他那些话的真正意义。 13.similar adj.相似的 [派生] adv.相似地;同样地 n.相似,类似 [归纳]be similar 与??相似 be similar 在??方面相似 These two signatures are so similar that it’s very difficult to tell them apart. 这两份签名太相似了很难区分。 14.stand vt.& vi.使站立;忍受;站;坐落,位于 n.看台;摊位;架 [归纳]stand 站在旁边,袖手旁观;支持,援助 Stand 表示;象征 Stand 引人注目;杰出,突出 from where I stand 依我的观点(立场) it stands 照此情况,照这种样子 From where I stand,it looks as if the economy will boom next year.依我的观点,明年的 经济将蓬勃发展。 ?短语荟萃 1.all above all 尤其是 ? ?after all 毕竟 系列短语? first of all 首先 ? ?not at all 一点也不 (2011· 高考安徽卷)To be great,you must be smart,confident, and, ,honest.要想变得伟大,你必须是一个既聪明又有信心的人,尤 其是诚实。 from系列? ?apart from/aside from除??以外 ? 2. 短语 ?far from远离,远非 ? (2011· 高考福建卷) good service,the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Fujian dishes.除了良好的服务,饭店还提供不同种类的传统闽菜。 ?佳句有约 1.when it comes to...当谈到,说到或涉及?? He is a man of few words,but when_it_comes_to playing computer games,he will be very talkative.他是一个少言寡语的人,但一谈到电脑游戏,他非常健谈。 2.It is up to sb.to do sth.应由某人来做某事 —When shall we start out? —It’s_up_to_you_to_decide. ——我们什么时候出发? ——由你来决定此事。 3.主语+can/could+never...enough/too You_can_never_be_careful_enough when you cross the road.=You_can_never_ be_too_careful when you cross the road.过马路时怎么小心也不为过。 38

?写作能力提升 Ⅱ.“畅词”在承接句中的运用 1.As a matter of fact,...=in fact...事实上,?? As_a_matter_of_fact, blocking, pushing and bumping are just part of a tough game.(2012· 高 考江苏卷写作)事实上,阻塞、推挤和冲撞仅是一场艰苦的比赛。 2.Besides(In addition),...此外,?? Besides,I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class.(2012· 高考湖北卷写作) 此外,我喜欢班上的友好气氛。 In_addition,we_should_not_neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.此 外,我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的社会。 3.On the contrary,...=By contrast,...相反的,?? On_the_wntrary,a few students,it seems,are still fooling around.相反的,少数学生似乎 还在虚度光阴。 4.On the other hand,...另一方面?? The government should enforce laws strictly.On_the_other_hand,the public should also develop the good habit of reducing pollution.政府应严格执法。另一方面,大众也应该培 养减少污染的好习惯。 5.However,...然而,?? However,it’s_a_pity_thathe should always cram at the eleventh hour.然而,很可惜的是他 总是临时抱佛脚。 6.In other words,...=To put it differently 换言之,?? In_other_words,I will try my best to attain(gain/live up to) my goal.换言之,我会尽最大的 努力达到我的目标。 7.What’s more,...而且,?? What’s_more,I’ll be able to tell students from other countries about China and learn about their countries as well.而且,我将会告诉来自其他国家的学生关于中国的事并且还要了 解他们国家。 8.for one thing,...for another,...一方面,??另一方面,?? For_one_thing,they help to improve my writing skills and broaden my horizons.For_another, they can enrich my life and provide me with great fun.(2012· 高考江西卷写作) 一方面, 他们帮助提高我的写作技能, 开拓我的视野。 另一方面, 他们能丰富我的生活, 带给我许多乐趣。 (此外, 常见还有: then, thus, as a result, also, especially, gradually, finally, more importantly 等) 高频词汇 1.sacrifice n.& v.牺牲 [归纳] sacrifices for 为??做出牺牲 the sacrifice 以牺牲??为代价 Her parents so that she could have a good education. 为了让她受到良好的教育,她的父母做了很多牺牲。 2.sense n.感官,感觉;意识;意义 vt.感觉到,发觉 [派生] adj.明智的 adj. 敏感的 be sensitive 对??是敏感的 [归纳]make sense 有意义;讲得通 make sense 理解;了解??的意义 There is no sense... ??没有意义。 In my opinion,it to regret spending time persuading him. 我认为,后悔花时间说服他是没有意义的。 3.shelter n.遮蔽;避难处 39

v.留宿;躲避;收容 [归纳]seek shelter 寻求庇护 take shelter from 躲避 Most of our money goes for food,clothing and shelter. 我们的钱多数花在了吃、穿、住上。 4.strength n.力量,力气;长处,优势 [派生] v. 增强 [归纳] and 长处和弱点 His objections only my determination to open my own business. 他的反对只是增强了我自己开公司的决心。 5.strike v.打,敲,击;(钟)打点;打动,给??以深刻印象;(灾害等)突然袭击;突 然想到 n.罢工 [归纳]strike sb. the head 打某人的头 on strike 罢工 strikes/struck sb.that... 某人突然想到?? her that this was not perhaps the best time for strike. 她突然想到这也许不是罢工的最佳时机。 6.submit vt.& vi.(使)服从;(使)屈服;提出,提交;建议 [归纳]submit...to...向??提交?? submit to 甘受,屈服 She her parents’ decision at last. 她最后顺从了父母的决定。 7.suppose v.料想;认为;假定 [归纳] do 理应,应当,按理 Suppose/Supposing you won the lottery(彩票),what would you do with the money? 假定你彩票中奖了,你会用这笔钱做什么? 8.suspect vt.& vi.怀疑 n.犯罪嫌疑人;可疑分子 [归纳]suspect that 认为 suspect sb.to be+n./adj.认为/猜想某人?? suspect sb. (doing)sth.怀疑某人?? I began to suspect his motive when he asked to borrow more.当他提出要借更多时, 我便开 始怀疑起他的动机来了。 9.sympathy n.同情;同情心;(思想、感情上的)支持,赞同 [归纳]have sympathy 同情?? in sympathy with 赞成,支持?? out of sympathy with 不赞成 She never expressed any sympathy when I was injured.我受伤时她从未表示过同情。 10.term n.学期,期间;术语;措辞,交谊(常用复数) [归纳]in the long/short term 从长远/目前的观点看 be on good with 与??关系好 come to terms with 与 ??达成协议;与??和好 从??的角度 I feel sure that qualification, ability and experience, you are abundantly suited to the position we have in mind.我觉得就资历、能力、经验而言,你最适合我们心 中的这个职位。 11.urge v.敦促,催促,力劝 [派生] adj.紧急的,急迫的 [归纳]urge sb. sth.力劝某人做某事 urge that... do sth.力劝??应该做某事 We urge that the systems put in place to prevent such accidents. 40

我们要求把各个系统落实好以防止这类事故。 12.view n.视野;景色;看法;意见 [归纳] 鉴于,考虑到 dangers that the volcano may bring about,we have to get a view of it from a faraway hill top. 考虑到火山可能带来的危险,我们只好从远处的一个山头领略它的风光。 13.wonder v.感到诧异 n.惊叹;奇迹 [归纳](It is)no wonder...难怪?? He had made a thorough investigation. he knew so much about it. 他已做过彻底的调查。难怪他对此事了解甚多。 14.worthwhile adj.值得花(时间、钱、努力等);值得的 [归纳] worthwhile to do/doing sth.做某事是值得的 [拓展] worth adj.值得 n.价值 be worth 值得(被)做 worthy adj.值得的;配得上??的 be worthy of being done ? ? 值得(被)做 be worthy to be done ? It is visit that country. 到那个国家参观游览是值得的。 ?短语荟萃 lead 导致 result 导致 contribute 导致,促进 result 由??而引起 As is known to us,proper exercise and fresh air can good health. 众所周知,适当的锻炼和新鲜的空气促进身体健康。 ?佳句有约 1.as the saying goes 常言道 “There is no smoke without fire”,as_the_saying_goes.常言道:“无风不起浪。” 2.Word came that...有消息传来说?? Word_came_that our team won the first place in the school basketball match. 有消息传来说,我们队赢得了校篮球比赛第一名。 3.A story goes that...有个故事说的是?? A_story_goes_that how he took off in his career as a physician.有个故事说的是,他作为一 名医生是如何在事业中取得成功的。 ?写作能力提升 Ⅲ.“畅词”在结论句中的运用 1.In this way,...如此,?? In_this_way,_I believe(that)all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me.如此,我 相信大家或许能够像我一样,享受乘坐公共汽车的乐趣。 2.Therefore,...因此,?? Therefore,I’d like to suggest changing them into easier ones.(2012· 高考辽宁卷写作) 因此,我愿意建议把它们换成较容易的一些。 3.In conclusion,...=To sum up,...总而言之,?? In_conclusion,a good citizen should observe traffic regulations. 总而言之,好公民应该遵守交通规则。 4.We_can,therefore,come_to_the_conclusion(that)... 因此,我们可以下个结论?? 41

We_can,therefore,come_to_the_conclusion(that) nothing is so precious as peace in the world. 因此,我们能下个结论,那就是世上和平最珍贵。 ?写作模板狂背 类型:信件 典例:劝叔叔戒烟 模板: Dear Uncle, I always find you are a_heavy_smoker.[为什么戒烟] But you may_have_heard_about the harmful outcome of cigarettes.In cigarettes , Nicotine is the major poison making smokers depend on them , which does_great_harm_to people’s health.Therefore , it_is_best_for_you_to stop smoking right now.[怎样戒烟] To stop smoking,you_should carefully plan your actions for at least one week.Try_to_stay_away_from people and situations that might trouble you.Do not go to public places where people are smoking.In the first week or two without cigarettes,you probably will feel terrible.Do not lose hope.If you stay_away_from_tobacco, those feelings will_go_away in a few weeks.[戒烟对家人的 益 处 ] Also , your family will not worry about some health problems caused by cigarettes. [希望成功戒烟] Uncle, I know giving up smoking may be a little hard.But you will win the struggle against smoking some day,I believe. Sincerely,

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