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【学海导航】2015届·新课标高中英语一轮知识运用+拓展M10 Unit 3 Protecting ourselves(共24张PPT)


Module10·Unit 3 Protecting ourselves

1、bid n. 企图,努力;喊价,出价,投标 vt. & vi. 出价,投标 vt. 命令,吩咐;说(问候话); 致意 ◆The young salesman is working hard to make a bid for promotion to sales man

ager. 这位年轻销售员努力工作,争取被提拔为销售经理。 ◆We bid for the construction of a bridge. 我们投标造一座桥。 ◆Do as he bids. 照他的吩咐去做。

2、discriminate vt. & vi. 分别,辨别,区分(discriminate…from…) discriminate in favor of… 偏袒…… Can you discriminate good books from bad? 你能区别好书和坏书吗? vi. 歧视,有差别地对待(discriminate against…) Laws do not discriminate against the poor. 法律对穷人不予歧视。

①我们的老师从不偏袒优生。 ____________________________________________

①Our teacher never discriminates in favor of brighter pupils.

②我能辨别是非。 ____________________________________________

②I can discriminate right from wrong.

3、additional adj. 额外的;另外的;附加的 ◆You should pay additional fees if you want this kind of service. 如果你需要这种服务,需要支付额外的费用。 ◆We will give additional supplies to you. 我们要给你们额外的供应。

additive n. 添加剂 addition n. 增加的人或物 in addition 此外

It is raining hard. ______ my car has broken down, so we've nothing to do but wait help. A. In total B. In return C. In vain D. In addition D in total总共;in return作为回报;in vain无结果地; 徒然;in addition此外。句意:雨下得很大,此外 我的车还坏了,所以我们只能在这等待救助。

4、wipe vt. & vi. 擦,拭,抹 wipe away 擦去,揩去,消除;抹去 wipe out 擦净,擦掉;彻底摧毁,消灭 ◆They wiped away my tears. 他们擦去了我的眼泪。 ◆We'll wipe out any enemy that dare to invade our country. 敌人胆敢来犯,我们就把它消灭。 n. 擦,拭,揩,抹

①我的记忆无法完全抹掉。 ____________________________________________

①I can't just wipe away all my memories.

②I paused to ______ the sweat off my forehead and look up at the cloudless blue sky. A. wipe B. cut C. put D. send

②A 擦去前额的汗水。

5、stain vt. 败坏;给……着色 ◆Blood stained the blanket. 血沾污了毯子。 vi. 污染;被染污 ◆These carpets won't stain easily. 这些地毯不易弄脏。 ◆True blue will never stain. 真金不怕火炼。 n. 污点;瑕疵;着色剂 ◆He's got an ink stain on his shirt. 他衬衫上有块墨渍。

①他的罪行玷污了家庭的名誉。 ____________________________________________

①His crimes stained the family honor.

②A ______ political and economic situation is very important for the development of any country. A. stain B. stable C. tolerate D. vertical

②B 稳定的政治经济环境对国家发展很重要。 tolerate 宽容的; vertical 垂直的。

1 、 The work of international organizations is even more important when you consider how much more severe the situation could become. 当你考虑到情况会变得多么严重时,国际组织的工作 就显得更为重要。 这是一个含有从属连词when引导的条件状语从句的复 合句。主句是The work of … is even more important。

①既然他们不听我的,我怎能帮他们理解呢? ____________________________________________

①How can I help them to understand when they won't listen to me?

②我身上仅有15 美元,而我想要的字典需20美元。 ____________________________________________

②I had only fifteen dollars on me when the dictionary I wanted cost twenty.

③我在河边钓鱼,突然听到有人呼救。 ____________________________________________

③I was fishing by the river when someone called for help.

④我正要动身,电话突然响了。 ____________________________________________

④I was about to leave when the telephone rang. / I was on the point of leaving when the telephone rang.

2、The type and quantity of illegal drugs a person is carrying when caught by police determine the punishment. 一个人被警察抓获时所携带的非法毒品的种类和 数量决定了惩罚的轻重。 此句中when caught by police是连词when后接过去分 词短语,构成时间状语从句,此从句将主语及谓语的 一部分省略了。完整的结构是: when this person is caught by police。

除时间状语从句外,if等引导的条件状语从句、though 等引导的让步状语从句、as等引导的方式状语从句以 及than等引导的比较状语从句都可以省略某些成分。 ◆Though (the room is) not large, the room was well lit by a window. 这个房间虽然不大,但一扇窗户把它照得很亮。 ◆He came here earlier than (he was) expected. 他来这儿比预计的时间要早一些。

______ the right kind of training, these teenage soccer players may one day grow into international stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given

D 如果把句子补充完整就不难看出:If they are given the right kind of training, 可知主语they 即 these teenage soccer players与give 之间是被动的 关系,所以用过去分词。根据主、从句主语一 致可省略从句主语的原则,连词if 也可省,所 以得出given the right kind of training形式。


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