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2010年考研英语真题完形填空


2010 年考研英语真题完形填空
Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points

) In 1924 American’ National Research Council sent to engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a large telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago. It hoped they would learn how stop-floor lignting__1__workers productivity. Instead, the studies ended __2___giving their name to the “Hawthorne effect”, the extremely influential idea that the very___3____to being experimented upon changed subjects’ behavior. The idea arose because of the __4____behavior of the women in the Hawthorne plant. According to __5____of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed. It did not __6____what was done in the experiment; ___7_someting was changed ,productivity rose. A(n)___8___that they were being experimented upon seemed to be ____9___to alter workers’ behavior ____10____itself. After several decades, the same data were _11__ to econometric the analysis. Hawthorne experiments has another surprise store _12 __the descriptions on record, no systematic _13__ was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting. It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the experiments may be have let to__ 14__ interpretation of what happed.__ 15___ , lighting was always changed on a Sunday .When work started again on Monday, output __16___ rose compared with the previous Saturday and__ 17 __to rise for the next couple of days.__ 18__ , a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Monday, workers__ 19__ to be diligent for the first few days of the week in any case , before __20 __a plateau and then slackening off. This suggests that the alleged” Hawthorne effect “ is hard to pin down. 1. [A] affected [B] achieved [C] extracted [D] restored 2. [A] at [B]up [C] with [D] off 3. [A]truth [B]sight [C] act [D] proof 4. [A] controversial [B] perplexing [C]mischievous [D] ambiguous 5. [A]requirements [B]explanations [C] accounts [D] assessments 6. [A] conclude [B] matter [C] indicate [D] work 7. [A] as far as [B] for fear that [C] in case that [D] so long as 8. [A] awareness [B] expectation [C] sentiment [D] illusion 9. [A] suitable [B] excessive [C] enough [D] abundant 10. [A] about [B] for [C] on [D] by 11. [A] compared [B]shown [C] subjected [D] conveyed 12. [A] contrary to [B] consistent with [C] parallel with [D] pealliar to 13. [A] evidence [B]guidance [C]implication [D]source 14. [A] disputable [B]enlightening [C]reliable [D]misleading 15. [A] In contrast [B] For example [C] In consequence [D] As usual 16. [A] duly [B]accidentally [C] unpredictably [D] suddenly 17. [A]failed [B]ceased [C]started [D]continued 20. [A]breaking [B]climbing [C]surpassing [D]hiting 做第一遍: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10 . 11 . 12. 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18. 19. 20. 一:词汇与短语:

单词总数:271+80=351 生词数:

;占比



做第二遍: 1. 2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10

. 19.

11 . 20.

12.

13 .

14 .

15 .

16 .

17 .

18.

二句子与语法:

做第三遍: 1. 2. . 11 . 19. 20.

3. 12.

4. 13 .

5. 14 .

6. 15 .

7. 16 .

8.

9. 17 .

10 18.

三.语段与语篇:

做第三遍: 1. 2. . 11 . 19. 20.

3. 12.

4. 13 .

5. 14 .

6. 15 .

7. 16 .

8.

9. 17 .

10 18.

2011 年考研英语一试题完形填空 SectionⅠUse of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on

ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher viewed laughter as “a bolidy eercise preicious to heath.”But 1 some claims to the contrary ,laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness. Laughter does 2 short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, 3 heart rate and oxygen consummption ,But because hard laughter is difficult to 4 ,a good laugh is unlikely to have 5 benefits the ,say,walking ot jogging does 6 ,instead of straining muscles to bulid them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the 7 ,studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter 8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down Such bodily reaction might conceivably help 9 the effects of psychological stress.Anyway, the act og laughing probably does 11 one classical theory of emtion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of 19th centry that humens do not cry 13 they are sad but they become sad when the tears begins to flow Althiugh sadness also 14 tears ,evidence suggests that emotions can flow 15 muscular responses. In an experimemt published in 1988, social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of wiirzburg in Germany asked volunteers to 16 a pen eigher with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile-or with their lips, which would produce a(n) 17 expression. Those forced to exercise thrie enthusiastically to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frown, 19 that expression may influence emotions rather than just the other way around 20 ,the physical act of laughter could improve mood 1. [A] among 2. [A] reflect 3. [A] stabilizing 4. [A] transmit 5. [A] measurable 6. [A] In turn 7. [A] opposite 8. [A] hardens 9. [A] aggravate 10. [A] physical 11. [A] Except for 12. [A] with 13. [A] unless [B] except [B]demend [B] boosting [B]sustain [B]manageable [B] In fact [B]impossible [B] weakens [B] generate [B] mental [B] According to [B] on [B] until [C]despite [C]indicate [C] impairing [C] evaluate [C]affordable [C] In addition [C]average [C] tightens [C] morderate [D] like [D]produce [D] determining [D] observe [D]renewable [D] In brief [D] expected [D]relaxes [D] enhance

[C] subcinscious [D]intermal [C] Due to [C] in [C] if [D] As for [D]at [D] because

14. [A] exhausts 15. [A] into 16. [A] fecth

[B] follows [B]form [B] form

[C] precedes [C] towards [C] pick [C] joyful [C] turned

[D] supresses [D] beyond [D] hold [D] indifferent [D] reacted

17. [A] disappointed [B] excited 18. [A] adapted [B] catered

19. [A] suggesting [B] requiring 20. [A] Eventually [B] Consequently
做第一遍: 1. 2. . 11 . 19. 20. 一:词汇与短语: 单词总数:264+80=344 生词数: 3. 12.

[C] mentioning [D] supposing [C] Similatly
5. 14 .

[D] Conversely
6. 15 . 7. 16 . 8. 9. 17 . 10 18.

4. 13 .

;占比



做第二遍: 1. 2. . 11 . 19. 20. 二句子与语法:

3. 12.

4. 13 .

5. 14 .

6. 15 .

7. 16 .

8.

9. 17 .

10 18.

做第三遍: 1. 2. . 11 . 19. 20.

3. 12.

4. 13 .

5. 14 .

6. 15 .

7. 16 .

8.

9. 17 .

10 18.

三.语段与语篇:

做第三遍: 1. 2. . 11 . 19. 20.

3. 12.

4. 13 .

5. 14 .

6. 15 .

7. 16 .

8.

9. 17 .

10 18.

2012 年考研英语一试题完形填空


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