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一般现在时态与进行时态的比较






*一般现在时 *现在进行时

现在进行时的含义与构成
1.含义:表示现在正在进行或一 段时间正在进行的动作标志词: now, look, listen等。
2.构成:be +V-ing

3.V-ing 变化规则: 1)一般加 ing . 如: play----pl

aying watch----watching 2)以不发音的e 结尾,去e 加ing. 如: take----taking come---coming 3)元+辅结尾,且是重读闭音节的单词,双 写辅音字母+ing. 如:run----running swim----swimming

三、动词现在分词的构成
一般在动词 原形后+ing 以不发音的e 结尾的,去e, +ing 重读闭音节 以一个辅音 字母结尾的, 双写这一字 母+ing go ask write take close get run swim put going asking writing taking closing getting running swimming putting

把下列动词变成现在分词

do

doing

read

reading

write writing have having go going running

watch watching

get

getting

swim swimming
clean cleaning

run

四、提示性词语:
1、now. Eg1. The children are playing games over there now. 2、Look! Listen! Eg1. Look! Some boys are swimming in the river. Eg2. Listen! Lucy is singing an English song in the classroom. 3、It is +具体的钟点。(提示后句) Eg1. It’s 6:30 in the morning. Li Lei is getting up. Eg2. It’s twelve o’clock. The students are having lunch at school. 4、Where is/are/am+主语?(提示后句) Eg1.-- Where is your father? –He is watching TV in the room. Eg2. –Where is Tom? –He is doing homework in the classroom. 5、上下文提示。 Eg1. What are you doing? I am listening to music.

五、相关的句型转换:
1、变否定句:现在进行时态的句子变否定句时,在am/is/are后加 not,常与am/is/are用缩略式。 Eg1. They are singing.----They are not/ aren’t singing. 2、变一般疑问句:现在进行时态的句子变一般疑问句时把 am/is/are提到句首,大小写发生变化,句号变问号。 Eg1. I am doing my homework now.----Are you doing your homework now? Eg2. The students are having classes.----Are the students having classes? 3、划线提问:先确定疑问词,然后把除掉划线部分的句子变成一 般疑问句接在疑问词后面。

Eg1. He is writing a letter. (划线提问) What is he doing?
Eg2. Lucy is dancing. (划线提问) Who is dancing?

They play football in the playground.

否定句:

They do not (don’t) play football in the playground. Do they play football in the playground? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.

一般疑问句:

肯定回答:
否定回答:

What is he doing? He is playing basketball.

What is the boy doing? He is singing.

---Is the woman writing?
----No, she isn’t. She is reading a book.

----What’re they doing? ----They’re swimming. ----Are they swimming? ----Yes, they are.

---Are they singing? ---No, they aren’t. They aren’t singing. They are dancing.

reading Are they ____ a book?

No, they aren’t ____.
What are they ____ doing _______ ?

They’re writing _____.

Is the girl getting ______(get) up? isn’t No, she ______.

is What ___ she doing ______? She is sleeping ___ ______.

现在进行时的句式
1.肯定句: 主语+be +v-ing+其它. 如: I am reading a book. 2.否定句:直接在be后加not. 如:I am writing. I am not writing.

3.一般疑问句及回答:问句,直接把be 提前,肯定回答:Yes,主语 +be
否定回答: No,主语+be+not -----Are you drawing ?

-----Yes,I am./No, I’m not.

一般现在时:
表示现在的状态、经常的或习惯性的动作、表示主语 具备的性格和能力等。 一般现在时的构成: 肯定句: 主语+is/am/are+其它成分. 主语(除第三人称单数)+动词原形+其它成分. He is an office worker. I get up at six every day . 主语(第三人称单数)+动词s/es +其它成分. My father usually goes to work by bus.

用法:1、表示习惯性、经常性出现的动作、状态。
I usually go to school at seven . She never plays computer games.
2、表示目前的状态。

They don’t like swimming . He looks like his father .
3、表示客观事实或普遍真理。

The earth goes round the sun . Winter is colder than summer .

关键词,时间状语:
often、 usually 、 always 、 sometimes 、never every day、on Sunday / Monday

主语是第三人称单数时,行为动词的变化规则 如下:
1.一般动词在词尾加-s,如: helps, makes, gets, swims, knows, plays等. 2.以s, x, ch, sh, 或o结尾的动词在词尾加-es, 如dresses, washes, catches, does等. 3.以辅音字母+y结尾的动词, 先变y为i,再加es, 如fly---flies, study--- studies等.

I get up at 6:35 in the morning.

否定句:

I do not (don’t) get up at 6:35 in the morning. Do you get up at 6:35 in the morning? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

一般疑问句:
肯定回答:

否定回答:

She waters the flowers.
否定句:
一般疑问句: 肯定回答: 否定回答: She does not (doesn’t) water the flowers. Does she water the flowers? Yes, she does. No, she does not (doesn’t).

? 写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式 ? 1. work__________ read__________ clean__________ write__________ ? 2. teach__________ wash__________ guess__________ watch__________ ? 3. go__________ do___________ photo__________ ? 4. study__________ fly__________ cry__________ play__________ ? 5. have__________

一、Choose the right answers .
( D ) 1 .“ Is she Mary ? ” “ _______ ,she _______ .” A. Yes ,isn’t C. Yes , am B . No , am not D . No ,isn’t

( D ) 2. “ Are _______ in Class Three ? ” “Yes , I am . ”

A.I

B . he

C . She

D .you

( B ) 3.On Sunday , she _______ computer games at home . A . play ( A B . plays C . playes D . Playing ) 4.Class ______ . Let’s have a break . A . finishes B . starts C . finishs D . finish

( B ) 5. The pair of shoes _______ Tom’s . A . are B . is C . be D . am

( A ) 6.The teacher with his students often ______ the old man . A . visits A . do B . visit C . doesn’t visit B . does C . don’t D . is visiting D . doesn’t ( B ) 7. “ Does the snake eat meat ? ” “ Yes , It _______ . ” ( D ) 8 . “ Has he got a computer ? ” “No , he ________ .”

A .doesn’t B . can’t C . isn’t D . hasn’t ( D ) 9 . We _______ go to school at weekend .
A . aren’t B . haven’t C . isn’t D . don’t

用所给动词一般现在时态填空:
has 1. Jim usually ________ ( have ) lunch at home. is 2. Li Guanhua _______ ( be ) twenty years old. are 3. How many students ________ ( be ) there in your class? Does study 4. ---______ she _______ ( study ) hard? does ---Yes, she _________. don’t speak 5. Lucy and lily _____________ ( not speak ) Chinese. doesn’t do 6. My father ______________ ( not do ) morning exercises every day. washes 7. She always ___________ ( wash ) her clothes on Sundays. Does like 8. ______ your brother ________ ( like ) doesn’t playing football? No, he ____________.

一.用所给动词的适当形式填空. is running 1.Look! The cat____________(run)up the tree. are having 2.The twins__________(have)breakfast. 3.----___he cleaning ________(clean) the Is blackboard? ----No,he isn’t. is playing 4.Tom__________(play)the piano in the room.Please ask him to come here. are singing 5.Listen! They____________(sing)in the classroom.

汉译英 1.我们正在看电视. We are watching TV. 2.他们正在打扫教室. They are cleaning the classroom. 3.汤姆正在吃早饭. Tom is having breakfast. 4.那对双胞胎正在睡觉. The twins are sleeping.

二.选择填空. 1.My mother is _____TV. A.looking at B.seeing C.reading D.watching 2.---____you ____a book? ---Yes,I am. A.Do,read B.Are ,read C.Are ,reading D.Are ,looking 3.Kate _____,the others _____. A.sing,listen B.is singing,is listening C.sing,are listeningD.is singing,are listening 4.I ___my eraser,but I can’t ______ it. A.look for ,finding B.am finding,look for C.am looking for,find D.find,look for

三.句型转换 1.I am watering the flowers.(否定句) I am not watering the flowers. 2.She’s jumping now.(一般疑问句) Is she jumping now? 3.The boys are playing cards.(划线提 问) What are the boys doing? 4.He is doing his homework.(复数句) They are doing their homework.

练习2用now把下列句子变为现在进行时态: 1. I look at the blackboard. I am looking at the blackboard now. 2. We have our class. We are having our class now. 3. He does his homework. He is doing his homework now. 4. He doesn’t run. He isn’t running now.

综合练习三:选择填空: ( D ) 1. What are you doing? I_____ A. eat B. can eat C. eating D. am eating ( D ) 2. We want _________this book now. A. reading B. am reading C. read D. to read ( C ) 3. Our teacher is ________a red sweater . A. putting on B. put on C. wearing D. wear ( D ) 4. That boy isn’t ____the teacher . A. listen B. listens C. listening D. listening to ( B ) 5.It’s eight o’clock. Jim’s family __TV. A. is watching B. are watching C. watch D. to watch ( B ) 6.My mother is _____a cake _____my birthday. A. making ,to B. making ,for C. doing ,to D. doing ,for ( B ) 7.Let me ______these books in the box. A. puts B. put C. to put D. putting ( C ) 8._____you _____the window?—Yes, I am. A. Do, clean B. Is, cleaning C. Are, cleaning D. Do, cleaning

5.男孩子们正在踢足球. The boys are playing soccer. 6.她正在铺床. She is making the bed. 7.我正在玩电脑游戏. I am playing computer games. 8.你们正在听磁带吗? Are you listening to the tape?

1、我的妈妈正在做早饭。 My mother is making breakfast. 2、我正要和我的朋友去看电影。 I am going to movies with my friend. 3、他正在弹吉他吗? Is he playing the guitar? 4、她不在拉小提琴。 She isn’t playing the violin. 5、她们在干什么?正在打篮球。 What are they doing? They are playing basketball. 6、Lucy 和Mary正在打排球。 Lucy and Mary are playing volleyball.

用所给动词的适当形式填空:
1) I__________(be)a student. My sister______ (be)a student, too. am is 2) There______(be)a pen and two pencils in the pencil-box. is

3) Listen! She _________ (sing) a song.

Is singing

clean 4) We always ________ (clean)our classroom after school.
are 5) There _______ many clouds in the sky.

play 6) Sometimes we______ (play) football after school. We really_____ enjoy (enjoy)ourselves
7) They _________ (go) to Guangzhou every week. go 8) We know there _______(be) 24 hours in a day. are

11) All the students_____ ______ (have) computer lessons now? are having
DO go 12) ______ you _______ ( go ) to school by bus every Friday?

does do 13) What ______ your mother_______ (do)?
15) My parents usually______ (watch) TV on Saturday evening. watch 16) He often ________ (listen) to the radio at home. listens don’t 17) We_______ ________(not have) much work to do today. have 18) When_____ your music lesson______ (begin)? does begin don’t go 19) Why ______ you ______ (not go ) by bus? 20) ______ ( be ) you sometimes have _________ (have)a music class Do tomorrow?

? 根据中文意思完成句子 ? 1、学生们在干什么?有一些在打电话,另一些躺在沙滩上。 ? _____ _____ the students _____? Some _____ _____ on the phone, _____ _____ _____ on the beach. ? 2、“格林先生在看电视吗?” “不, 他在打扫房间。” ? “_____ Mr Green _____ TV?” “_____, He _____ _____ the house.” ? 3、魏芳不是在读书,她在写信。 ? Wei Fang _____ _____ a book. She _____ _____ a letter. ? 4、今天天气怎么样?_____ is the weather today? 或_____ is the weather _____ today? ? 5、我正在通过收音机学 (learn) 英语。 ? I _____ _____ English on the radio. ? 6、这个老人每天早上六点钟起床。 ? The old man _____ _____ at six o’clock in the morning every day. ? 7、你从哪里来? Where _____ you from? 或Where _____ you _____ from? ? 我从美国来。 I _____ from America. 或I _____ from America.


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