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Module 1《Baskateball》教案(外研版选修7)


Module 1 Basketball
I.教学内容分析 本模块以 basketball 为话题,介绍了篮球的基本规则、NBA 的起源和中外篮球明星的风采, 通过本模块学习,学生要运用所学词汇口头评价自己喜欢的体育项目,介绍自己喜欢的运动员。 Introduction 部分通过一幅介绍篮球规则的图片和几个问题引起学生的兴趣,让他们学习并 复习与篮球规则有关的词汇。接着介

绍了 NBA 的起源,使学生对美国篮球联赛有基本的认识。 Reading and Vocabulary 部分通过阅读对 Michael Jordan 和 Wilt Chamberlain 的简介,让学生 学习相关词汇,学会归纳文章的主旨大意;分析文章的结构和介绍人物写作技巧;并围绕文章内 容,进行听、说、读、写等各项活动。 Speaking 部分是阅读文章后所展开的一项活动,要求学生能够结合所学内容,来探讨 NBA 在我国受欢迎的现象,并说明原因。 Grammar (1) 部分通过观察课文中的例句,要求学生能够识别名词与动词之间词性转换的语 法现象,并通过相关练习让学生掌握此用法。 Listening and Vocabulary 部分听取一段关于篮球比赛的现场评说录音,培养学生准确获取有 效信息、完成相关练习的能力。 Function 部分学习使用合适的形容词表达个人情感,让学生通过相关练习活动掌握相关的词 汇。 Reading and Writing 部分通过设置几个问题,要求学生围绕一篇有关姚明的报道,讨论相关 内容,然后根据提示步骤和相关的句式写一篇表达自己意见的文章。 Grammar (2) 部分列举了相关词汇,让学生通过先观察然后实践的方式掌握以后缀结尾的形 容词,通过 Activity 2 和 3 练习进一步巩固。 Everyday English 部分围绕听力出现的习惯用语,通过选择的形式使学生熟练掌握它们的用 法。 Reading Practice 部分通过阅读有关体育运动安全的文章,训练学生的阅读技巧,使学生能辩 证地来看待篮球运动存在的风险。 Cultural Corner 部分是一篇介绍 American football, basketball 和 baseball 的起源和发展现状的 文章,并让学生讨论这三种体育项目在中国的流行程度。 Task 部分是对本模块的一个复习与应用,要求学生查找资料,利用本模块所学的词汇介绍自 己心目中最出色的五名运动员所组成的“梦之队”,并和别的同学分享。 Module File 部分有助于学生对本模块学习内容进行归纳,对自己的学习进行总结和检验。 II.教学重点和难点 1. 教学重点 (1) 掌握一些与篮球运动有关的词汇。 (2) 学习词性转换。 (3) 学习添加后缀的构词法。 2. 教学难点 (1) 听懂与运动现场解说有关的常用表达,正确理解新学词汇的含义。 (2) 正确使用表达感情和情感的形容词。 (3) 学会介绍自己喜欢的体育运动和体育明星。 Language Points Reading and Vocabulary 1. Jordon surprised everyone when he retired before the 1993-1994 season, but he rejoined the Chicago
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Bulls and won three more championships with them from 1996 to 1998. 1993-1994 赛季之前乔丹退 役,引起举世震惊,但后来他又回到了芝加哥公牛队,并和队友们一起在 1996 到 1998 年间又 获得了三次冠军。 动词前面加前缀 re- 表示“重新, 又, 再”,rejoin 的意思是再次加入, 类似的动词还有 rebuild, replace, remarry, reuse, rewrite 2. They have fantastic stories to tell about Michael Jordan, such as the time when he rescued the Bulls from ending a game on a tie. 他们可以讲述很多关于迈克尔· 乔丹的传奇故事, 例如一次他在比赛 的关键时刻拯救了公牛队,从而避免打成平局。 1. rescue …from…把…从某种状态拯救出来 They rescued a child from drowning.他们救起一落水儿童。 The lifeboat rescued the sailors from the sinking boat. The government has refused to rescue the company from bankruptcy. come to one’s rescue 拯救 2. end a game on a tie/ draw 打成平局 3. At one point, Chamberlain was so much better than all the other players that they changed the rules of the game to try to stop him. 曾几何时,张伯伦比其他的队员都优秀的多,以至于他们改变了比赛规则来企图限制他。 at one point 一度,曾经 My friend and I saw a film yesterday and at one point she was moved to tears. 昨天我跟朋友看电 影了,期间她一度被感动得潸然泪下。 point (noun.) 1 观点 make interesting points 提出有趣的几点 take one’s point 赞同某人的观点 2 要点 come straight to the point 开门见山 keep/be to the point 简洁恰当;中肯 miss the point 没明白 That’s not the point. 那不重要 Do you see my point? See what I mean? 你明白我的意思吗? 3 目的;意图 There is no point in doing…. 做某事没有用 e.g. There is no point in getting angry. 发火是没有用的 4 特点;特征 strong points 强项 5 时刻;关头;瞬间;阶段;程度 on the point of 在…关头 be on the point of doing sth when ………即将做某事正在这时……… 类似结构:be about to do sth when ………. be doing sth when …… had done sth when…… 4. The giant player joined the NBA’s Philadelphia Warriors in the 1959-1960 season and was an immediate success. 1959-1960 赛季间,这位篮球巨人加盟 NBA 费城勇士队并立即获得成功。 success( n.) 可数 “成功的人或事”类似的有:failure ,surprise What a surprise it is to see you again . Our meeting last week was a great success. 我们上周的会议开得很成功。 5. By the time he retired, Wilt held many NBA records.
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一直到退役,威尔特还保持多项 NBA 纪录。 set (up) / establish a record 创纪录 break a record 打破纪录 hold a record 保持纪 equal a record 平了纪录 6. But there is no doubt that he deserves the title “outstanding player of his generation”. 但是毫无疑 问,他无愧于“一代杰出球员”的称号。 1. There is no doubt that…毫无疑问 在否定句中 doubt 后常用 that 引导从句 There is no doubt that he will pass the exam 在肯定句中,常用 whdther 或 if 引导从句 I doubt whether he will come on time since the road is so icy 2. deserve 值得;应受 This report deserves careful consideration. 这个报告应给予认真考虑。 They didn’t deserve to win. 他们不该赢。 P9 1. all the time 一直,始终 Review :at a time 一次 at one time 曾经 at the same time 同时 at times 有时,时常 in time 及 时,迟早,最后 2 nature 天性,品质。 in one’s nature 天生如此 It is in her nature to be generous to everyday around her She is proud by nature 她生性傲慢。 3 hit 红极一时的人或物,成功 Her new film is quite a hit 他的新影片非常成功 He is a hit with everyone 大家都喜欢他 make a hit with sb 给某人极其良好的印象 hit on/upon sth 偶然,灵机一动地想出,无意中发现 hit on a good idea 类似的有:sth occurs to sb It occurs to sb that 某人突然想起某事 hit sb on the head , hit sb in the face 4 if necessary =if it is necessary If possible /when necessary /when possible 5 be rude to sb 反义词 be kind to sb 6 be /get used to doing 习惯于 used to do 过去常常 sth be used to do 某物被用来 以 to (介词)结尾的词组 be used to / look forward to /object to /pay attention to /devote oneself to /give one’s life to doing p11 1 One reasong for this is that …….for some reason 因为某种原因 复习 The reason why ………is /was that ………. The reason for …..is/was that ……… 他迟到的理由是他起床晚了 The reason for his being late was that he got up late The reason why he was late was that he got up late
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考考你; (1) Don’t believe the reason__________he gave you (2) She gave no reason _________his being late /_________he was late (3) The reason is __________he has no money . 2 absorb (1) 消减 缓冲 (2)吸收(液体,光,热)吸收(知识等) Dry sand absorbs water The clver boy absorbed all the knowledge his teachers could give him. (3) 使全神贯注,使专心 sth absorb sb =sb be absorbed in sth His business absorbs him 他的业务使他全神贯注 He is completely absorbed in his business 他完全专心于他的业务。 at a 90degree angle 以一个 90 度的角 3 bound (1) 跳跃 动词 bound into 跳进 (2)准备启程前往 在赴……. 的途中 be bound for Where are you bound for ?你往哪里去 The ship is bound for New York 此船开往纽约 (3) be bound to do sth 一定做 必须做 He hasn’t got any money ,so he is bound to turn up sooner or later . Iam bound to visit my grandmother every week 4 appoint (1)appoint sth for sth 决定、指定时间 、日期 The time appointed for the meeting was 8:30pm 开会所定的时间是晚上 8:30 We must appoint the time to meet again /for the next meeting 我们必须定出下次的会期 (2) 委派、指派、任命某人担任某职位 They appointed White to be manager Smith was appointed to be manager 5 whereas (1)鉴于、既然、就。 。 。 。而论 (2) 反之、却、而 Some people like fatty meat ,whereas others hate it 6 commit (1)commit murder 犯谋杀罪 (2) commit sb/sth to 交付或移交 (保管或处理) mit a patient to a mental hospital Commit a man to prison 将某人交付监禁 Period 3 Grammar -- Conversion and Suffix ● Learn conversion and suffix Procedures Step 1: conversion 词性转化 “Conversion” (called sometimes “full conversion”) is a word-formation process by which a word is altered from one part of speech into another without the addition (or deletion) of any morpheme. 词性转化指的是单词从一个词类转到另一个词类而不发生词形变化。 1. noun →verb paper―to paper the room
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mouth―to mouth some phrase shoulder―to shoulder the heavy load bandage―to bandage the leg 2. verb→noun to say something―to have a say to show ―to give a show to feel ―to have a feel to lead―to take a lead 3. adj.→verb empty―to empty the bag wrong ―to wrong somebody slow― to slow down better―to better your study 4. adv.→verb back―to back a car down―to down a plane near― to near the temple forward― to forward a message 5. adj.→ noun. calm― a calm on the sea high― a new high of the industry good― a lot of good right― to tell from right to wrong Step 2: suffix 后缀 构词法包括合成、派生、转化和缩写简写。词缀是派生的一部分。 The basic part of any word is the root; to it, you can add a prefix at the beginning and/or a suffix at the end to change the meaning. For example, in the word “unflattering,” the root is simply “flatter,” while the prefix “un-” makes the word negative, and the suffix “-ing” changes it from a verb into an adjective (specifically, a participle). English itself does not use prefixes as heavily as it once did, but many English words come from Latin, which uses prefixes and suffixes (you can use the word affix to refer either to a prefix or a suffix) quite extensively. For example, the words “prefix,” “suffix,” and “affix” themselves are all formed from “fix” by the use of prefixes: “ad” (to) + “fix” (attached) = “affix” “pre” (before) + “fix” = “prefix” “sub” (under) + “fix” = “suffix” Note that both the “-d” of “ad” and the “-b” of “sub” change the last letter. Here are some of the most common Latin prefixes (for the meanings of the Latin roots, look up the words in a good dictionary): ab (away) abrupt, absent, absolve ad (to) adverb, advertisement, afflict in (not) incapable, indecisive, intolerable inter (between, among) intercept, interdependent, interprovincial intra (within) intramural, intrapersonal, intraprovincial
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pre (before) prefabricate, preface prefer post (after) postpone, postscript, postwar sub (under) submarine, subscription, suspect trans (across) transfer, transit, translate Affixes Morphemes added to free forms to make other free forms are called affixes. There are three principle kinds of affixes: 1. prefixes (at beginning) — “un-” in “unable” 2. suffixes (at end) — “-ed” in “walked” 3. circumfixes (at both ends) — “en—en” in “enlighten” (These always seem to consist of otherwise attested independent prefixes and suffixes.) 1 在历史上 in the history of 2 成长 grow up 3 平均为 with an average 4 毫无疑问 There’s no doubt of 5 一直 all the time 6 对。 。 。 。 。 。粗鲁 be rude to 7 习惯于 be used to 8 引起某人注意 draw one’s attention 9 占有,占据,拥有 take poession of 10 曾经,一度 at one point 11 如果有必要的话 if necessary 12 信任,信赖 rely on 13 保持纪录 hold a record 14 以 。 。 。 。 。 。为基础 be based on 15 以。 。 。 。 。 。命名 name……after ……/be named after ……eg The villagers named the village after his name =The village was named after his name Grammar (1) 1. Ask Ss to find out the usage of “average” (1) The average of 4, 5 and 9 is 6. (2) The average age of the women’s volleyball team is 19. (3) The hotel averages 50 to 100 foreign guests daily. Suggested Answers: (1) In the 1st sentence, “average” is a noun. (2) In the 2nd sentence, “average” is an adjective. (3) In the 3rd sentence, “average” is a verb. 2. Ask Ss to finish Activity 2~4 on pages 4~5 and make sure they master the conversion of words. 3. Ask Ss to fill in the blanks and make sentences with them. Eg Have you booked your ticket? He bought a history book. n (1) chair (2) hand (3) wound (4) picture (5) taste (6) back (7) guard 椅子 v 担任 (8) land (9) cook (10) step (11) sort (12) name (13) heat (14) seat n v

Suggested Answers: (2) 手;上交 (3) 伤;受伤 (4) 画;绘画 (5) 味道;品尝 (6) 背部;支持

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(7) 卫兵;看守 (8) 土地;着陆 (9) 厨师;煮 (10) 步伐;行走 (11) 种类;分类 (12) 名字;命名 (13) 热;加热 (14) 座位;坐 Step 4. Grammar (2) 1. Ask Ss to deal with all the exercises in Activities 1~4 on page 10 to let them know the grammatical points of suffixes.. 2. Ask Ss to work in pairs and summarize the usages of suffixes. Then give them the following summary. (1) 名词后加-ful power—powerful wonder—wonderful (2) 名词后加-less 构成与名词词义相反的形容词 end—endless home—homeless (3) 名词后加-ic history—historic artist—artistic (4) 名词后加-al environment—environmental nation—national (5) 名词后加-ive act—active expense—expensive (6) 名词后加-ous courage—courageous danger—dangerous (7) 名词后加-able comfort—comfortable reason—reasonable (8) 名词后加-y rain—rainy cloud—cloudy (9) 名词后加-ist 表示……人;主义者 art—artist piano—pianist (10) 名词后加-ism 表示……主义,行为,特征 social—socialism Marx—Marxism (11) 名词后加-ese 表示(…地方的)人;语言 China—Chinese Japan—Japanese (12) 名词后加-ness 表示……性质;状态 ill—illness willing—willingness (13) 名词后加-hood 表示……的状态;状况 boy—boyhood child—childhood (14) 动词后加-er, -or 构成表示人或物的名词 lead—leader visit—visitor (15) 动词后加-(t)ion, (ation)表示动作;状态 discuss—discussion graduate—graduation (16) 动词后加-ment 表示……行为 agree—agreement move—movement

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