高级中学 2014-2015 学年第二学期期终考试
命题人：肖石峰 王小全 审题人：郭晶青
本试卷分三个部分，满分 150 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B
、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A The Truth Can Set You Free I recently got pulled over for speeding not far from my new home in Virginia. I hadn‘t been paying attention, and I had driven a few miles an hour over the speed limit. ―Can I see your license and registration?‖ the police officer asked me. I pulled both out for him, and he saw my Pittsburgh address on my Pennsylvania driver‘s license. ―What are you doing here?‖ he asked. ―Are you with the army?‖ ―No, I‘m not.‖ I answered. I explained that I had just moved to Virginia, and I hadn‘t had time to re-register yet. ―So what brings you here?‖ He had asked a direct question. Without thinking very hard, I gave him a direct answer. ―Well, officer,‖ I said, ―since you‘ve asked, I have cancer. I have just months to live. We‘ve moved down here to be close to my wife‘s family.‖ ―So you‘ve got cancer,‖ he said flatly. He was trying to figure me out. Was I really dying? Was I lying? He took a long look at me. ―You know, for a guy who has only a few months to live, you sure look good.‖ He was obviously thinking: ―Either this guy is pulling one big fat line on me, or he‘s telling the truth.‖ He was trying to question my honesty without directly calling me a liar. And so he had forced me to prove that I was being honest. ―Well, officer, I know that I look pretty healthy. I look great on t he outside, but the tumors（肿 瘤）are on the inside.‖ And then, I don‘t know what possessed（拥有，占据）me, but I just did it. I pulled up my shirt, showing the operational scars. He looked at my scars. He looked in my eyes. He now knew he was talking to a dying man. Well, he wasn‘t taking this any further. He handed me back my license. ―Do me a favor.‖ he said, ―Slow down from now on.‖ The awful truth had set me free. As he went back to his police car, I had a realization. I had been one of those gorgeous blondes (金发美女) who could bat her eyelashes and get out of tickets. I
drove home under the speed limit, and I was smiling like a beauty queen. 1. The author was stopped by the police officer because ______. A. he didn‘t have a license C. he was seriously ill A. said it was an excuse C. showed sympathy for him A. optimistic C. dishonest B A bargain is something offered at a low and advantageous price. A more recent definition（定 义） is: a bargain is a dirty trick to force money out of the pockets of silly and innocent （涉世不深的） people. The cost of producing a new - for example - toothpaste would make 80p the proper price for it, so we will market it at ? 1.20. It is not a bad toothpaste, and as people like to try new things it will sell well to start with; but the attraction of novelty soon fades, so sales will fall. When that happens we will reduce the price to ? 1.15. And we will turn it into a bargain by printing 5p OFF all over it. Sometimes it is not 5p OFF but 1p OFF. What breathtaking rudeness to advertise 1p OFF your soap or washing powder or whatever! Even the poorest old-age pensioner ought to regard this as an insult (侮辱), but he doesn‘t. A bargain must not be missed. People say one has to have washing powder (or whatever) and one might as well buy it a penny cheaper. The real danger starts when unnecessary things become ?bargains‘. Many people just cannot resist bargains. Provided they think they are getting a bargain they will buy clothes they will never wear or furniture they have no space for. Once I heard of a man who bought an electric saw as a bargain and cut off two of his fingers the next day. But he had no regrets: the saw had been truly cheap. Quite a few people actually believe that they make money on such bargains. A lady once told me: ― I‘ve had a lucky day today. I bought a dress for ?120, reduced from ?400; and I bought a beautiful Persian carpet for ? 600, reduced from ?900.‖ It will never occur to her that she has actually wasted ? 720. She feels as though she had made ? 580. She also feels, I am sure, that if she had more time for shopping, she could make a living out of it. Some people buy in large quantities because it is cheaper. Once a couple bought enough sugar for their lifetime and the lifetime of their children and grandchildren. They thought it a bargain not to be missed. When the sugar arrived they didn‘t know where to store it – until they realized that their toilet was a very spacious one. So that was where they piled up their sugar. Not only did their guests feel rather strange whenever they were offered sugar to put into their coffee, but the toilet became extremely sticky. To offer bargains is a commercial（商业的）trick to make the poor poorer. When greedy（贪 B. he drove too fast D. he forgot to re-register B. asked him to show his scars D. doubted his honesty B. adventurous（爱冒险的） D. romantic
2. On hearing about the author‘s cancer, the police officer ______.
3. It can be inferred from the passage that the author was ______.
婪的）fools fall for this trick, it serves them right. 4. Which word best describes the language style of the passage? A. Polite. A. Good quality. B. Foolish. B. Low price. C. Humorous. C. Curiosity. D. Serious. D. Newness 5. What does the underlined word ―novelty‖ in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
6. How does the author feel about 1p OFF a product? A. It‘s a gift for poor people. B. It‘s an offence to shoppers. C. It‘s a bargain worth trying. D. It‘s a real reduction in price. 7. Which statement will the author probably agree with? A. Bargains play tricks on people. B. Bargains are often real cheap products. C. Bargains help people make a living. D. Bargains are things people don‘t really need. C Year of Giving Yesterday I started the Year of Giving, my first day of a year-long journey into exploring the act of giving and the meaning of charity. I chose December 15 as the starting date, which marked three years since my mother died from heart disease. She was one of the most generous people that I have ever known. She always thought of others first and certainly serves as an inspiration to me. I had a rather busy day yesterday, ironic (具有讽刺意义的) for someone who is unemployed right now. In the morning I went to the gym, and unsuccessfully got the phone call from the unemployment office for some job searching. Before I knew it, it was noon. I grabbed a quick lunch and rushed down to a meeting. On my way to Connecticut, I wondered if I would see someone that I would feel forced to give my first $ 10 to. I was running late and decided to do it afterwards. After the meeting I had about half an hour to find the first person of my Year of Giving! I decided to check out DuPont Circle. I had met a guy there named Jerry once and thought he would willing accept my $ 10. He wasn‘t there, but I did see a man sitting by himself who looked really lonely, so I approached him. Now I had to figure out what I was going to say, I think I said something like, ―Hi, can I sit down here?‖ ―I would like to know if I could give you $ 10?‖ He asked me to repeat what I had said, I did, then he looked at me funny, got up and left. I then started walking south where I spotted a man standing by the bus stop on Connecticut Ave. He appeared to be in his 60s. I don‘t know what drew me to him, but I thought I would make my second attempt. I was a bit nervous and asked him which bus came by that stop. Then I explained that I was starting a year-long project to give $ 10 to someone every day and that I wanted to give my $ 10 for today to him. The gentleman, I later found out that his name was Ed, responded without hesitation that he could not accept my offer and that there were many people more deserving the money than him. This was exactly one of the things that I hoped would happen. People would think
of others before themselves. 8. The author set the starting date on December 15 to ____. A. help the charity C. remember his mother A. he was considered ridiculous C. he was forced to donate the money A. he didn‘t need other‘s help C. he didn‘t care about money A. true friendship C. generous donations D While you may think that being smart and talented would logically make someone successful in running a business, unfortunately, this is often not the case. This problem starts back in school when the stressful ―group projects‖ are first assigned .The smartest don‘t want to risk their grade in the class by dividing the work equally and hoping that art average student does his part well. They just take over and do the whole project themselves. And thus begins the smart-people work cycle. The smartest people do just about everything better than most everyone el se until it comes to running a business. They are not better; they are screwed. A smart person who can‘t stand someone else doing a job badly does everything himself. Then, he is stuck with the one-man band ―job-business‖ and ends up not being able to grow. However, it is quite interesting and strange that some slacken are better suited to be a business leader than the ―smart‖ people. The figured out early on to surround themselves with smart people who would do the work that they themselves don‘t want to do. Smart and talented people often have a gift for the unusual, complicated（复杂的）or different. They don‘t like to follow the KISS principle (keep it simple, stupid), which is required to make a business succeed. Maybe you think the global presence of McDonald‘s complex, but in reality, in the company, every single task is broken down into easy-to-follow steps and everything has been standardized. These successful companies have just a few smart enough people to run the majority of the tasks in a way that can‘t be screwed up by their average employees. So, being smart or talented isn‘t going to help you unless you can use those smarts to figure out a way to simplify those tasks that will make a business successful. Another issue with the smart people starting businesses is that they often have the most to lose. The smarter you are, the more options （选择） you have available （可获得的） to you. You will be able to make a lot of money in various fields and have room in your career to become promoted. This means that when you start a business, you have a lot more to risk than those who are not equally smart. This is often referred to as the ―golden handcuffs‖ dilemma. B. make an explosion D. fulfill a wish if his mum B. he hesitated for a long time D. he had no time to take action B. he thought more for others D. he wanted to get more money B. his own kindness D. human‘s good nature
9. In the author‘s first attempt to give away the money, ____.
10. In the author‘s second attempt, the gentleman refused his offer because ____.
11. We can prefer that the author was inspired by ____.
So, don‘t be surprised when the person ―MOST Likely to Succeed‖ from high school ends up as an employee and it is one average student that finds success in his or her own business. 12. In group work, smart students often take over the whole project because they believe ____. A. the work is not divided equally B. they can perform better than others C. the group projects are too stressful D. average students are unwilling to participate 13. McDonald‘s is used as an example to prove that ____. A. a business calls for smart people‘s talent B. average employees can perform complex tasks C. smart people are important for a successful business D. simplified tasks are required for the success of a business 14. The underlined expression in Paragraph 5 refers to the situation where smart people ____. A. have fewer options in a company B. are unwilling to put money to a business C. risk more when starting business D. can have a good income in many different fields 15. What is the best title for the passage? A. Potentials for Success C. The Ordinary Achieve Bigger Success? 第二节（共5小题:每小题2分，共10分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选出恩给你填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两 项为多余选项。 Make a Joke of It I‘m working on my Happiness Project, and you could have one, too! Everyone‘s project will look different, but it‘s the rare person who can‘t benefit. Join in----no need to catch up, just jump in right now. Everyone says, and it‘s true, that one of the most effective ways to handle negative emotions is to lighten up. 16 If you‘re angry, joke around. Easier said than done, however. I had a chance to keep my resolution to ―make a joke of it‖ last night. My husband finally took on the job of dealing with my daughter‘s adventure in orthodontia(牙齿矫正术). The orthodontist‘s office is right around the Corner from his office, and he agreed that he‘d schedule the appointments and take her. This was GREAT! On our flight to Kansas City for the holidays, the Big Girl lost her ―functional appliance‖ which she wears in her mouth. 18 17 We got back home a week later, and the Big Man didn‘t call to make an appointment! Days went by. I reminded him periodically, but nothing happened. Last night, I stamped into our bedroom ready to turn on my anger at full volume. ―This really matters, this is important, she‘s growing now, what‘s the point, it‘s expensive, you promised you‘d do it.‖ Etc. Then I thought, ―Make a joke of it.‖ B. Bases for Business D. Talent Means Successful Business?
So I went over, put my arm around the Big Man, and said nicely, ―You know what? If you don‘t call the orthodontist‘s tomorrow, I‘m going to be very angry. I‘m not threatening, just giving you fair warning.‖ And I laughed while I said it. ―I know, I know!‖ he said, shaking his head. ―I‘ll send myself an Email right now.‖ And he did. 19 I‘m not sure if making a joke of it was more effective than getting angry, but I don‘t think it was less effective. I was happier about it, and the Big Man was happier about it. or upset. Have you found a way to get yourself to make a joke? A. And today he made the appointment. B. If things are sad, try to find a reason to laugh. C. We looked everywhere on the plane; it was gone. D. If you‘re happy and you know it, clap your hands. E. You‘d think flight rage is a uniquely Chinese problem. F. And it was a much nicer way to have that unpleasant exchange. G. Whenever I thought about this delay, I became extremely annoyed. 20 It‘s easy to say ―make a joke of it‖, but it‘s hard to do when you‘re feeling angry, scared, bored,
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 War started in our house in late July with a month to go before my first day of college. It was a battle of wills over what college I was to attend. Mom wanted me to attend a famous 21 school, and I wanted to go to a small writing college. Every night for two weeks, we argued, 22 treatments until both sides went to bed with regrets. 23 . Since my junior year of high school, I had 25 24 at being a nurse. 26 in my town‘s local hospital. My shouted and gave
It was mostly my
I took all the science courses, and even worked as a was to help the sick and be superwoman to the world. Yet, 27
graduation and college neared, it all changed. Treating the sick was 29 of my life. I could picture myself in 30 , but I couldn‘t picture myself happy. It wasn‘t 32 . I loved
28 , but not what I was meant to do for the hospitals, making rounds（查房） , and taking the 31 I wanted.
Then, I realized I had been creating and writing stories for as long as I could it, and writing was what I had been doing as a be.
33 . It was going to be my career. And it had to
On August 1st, Mom and I sat down at the dinner table and I told her that she had every 34 to choose where to spend her money, just like I had every right to decide where I wanted to 35 any of my college education, then I would take a 36 my firm belief to my mom. Finally we go to school. If it was her choice not to
year off to work and earn money so I could go to the college I wanted. Standing by my decision to be a writer had
37 , and she decided to support me, which 39 40
the world to me.
Before that time, I had never stood up which college to attend next. 21. A. cooking 22. A. medical 23. A. success 24. A. wondered 25. A. student 26. A. goal 27. A. before 28. A. rough 29. A. half 30. A. notices 31. A. future 32. A. see 33. A. process 34. A. chance 35. A. raise 36. A. doubted 37. A. peace 38. A. attached 39. A. for 40. A. forced 第二节 B. nursing B. warm B. duty B. pointed B. volunteer B. job B. after B. noble B. part B. examinations B. effect B. wait B. hobby B. right B. expect B. followed B. war B. applied B. against B. promised
my parents on any major decision. Choosing
me to become a separate and complete adult. I am now finished
with my first semester（学期）as a Professional Writing major and I cannot wait to see what comes
C. gardening C. mental C. fault C. aimed C. graduate C. task C. until C. mild C. whole C. temperatures C. drill C. find C. rule C. time C. finance C. shaken C. ease C. devoted C. over C. allowed
D. writing D. silent D. turn D. looked D. doctor D. post D. as D. tough D. rest D. drugs D. idea D. remember D. business D. ability D. offer D. proven D. play D. meant D. by D. reminded
（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，填入适当的词或使用括号 中词语的正确形式填空。 I would like to share a writing lesson I learned from our American teacher when I was a college student. In our first writing class, she put a red apple on a transparent (透明的) glass plate, placed the plate on the desk near the window, and the apple and 41 (adjust) it a few times. The sunlight was streaming on 43 44 a smile, she began to speak. about one hundred words, 46 45 one it, for 42 holder, casting a shadow on the desk.
―I‘d like you to describe the apple and its surroundings
must be strict to the sketches of its physical appearance. After that, you are going to add hundred words to stretch its look in other areas that are related__47____ example, giving a brief down, saying a few 49 48
(describe) of an apple tree, its sweetness and nutrition, etc.‖
We were stunned, gazing at the apple, or peeping at each other. Our teacher was walking up and (encourage) words now and then, giving out some hints here and there.
However, it didn‘t help. Most of our papers remained empty. We only heard the clock ticking faster and 50 (loud). The time was running out.
写作（共三节；满分 65 分）
第一节 单词与短语 I. 单词拼写（共 30 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 15 分） 请根据首字母及汉语提示用正确形式填写单词。 51. The government should take certain measures to protect the natural r_________（资源）. 52. The football player was wounded. The team leader had to allow an a_________(可替换的) player to join in the match. 53. When we meet with difficulties, we should remain o_________( 乐观的 )instead of being pessimistic. 54. He worked so hard that e_________(终于)his health became poor and fell ill frequently. 55. It seems that more young people are interested in u_________(城市的) life rather than the life in the countryside. 56. It took them thirty minutes to get to their d_______________ (目的地). 57. If it is c_____________ (方便的) to you, I‘d like to see you this Sunday. 58. These books p_________________(提供) us with all the information we need. 59. They have found the s_______________（解决办法) to the traffic problem. 60. Those scientists are e_______________ (探索) all possible ways to cure the disease.
61. She has the u_________ (无意的) habit of biting her fingernails. 62. He made a rude g________ (姿势)at the driver of the other car. 63. Radio was the pilot's only means of c____________.(交流) 64. The law states that everyone has the right to practise their own r________(宗教). 65. I'd like to propose a t________(祝酒) to the bride and groom. 66. According to the rules of the work, you should prefer quality to q________(数量). 67. His illness has been d___________(诊断) as cancer, and he is probably going to die in six months. 68. The student committee consists p__________(部分地) of students from another school. 69. P___________(体育) exercise is the exercise that we give to our body to make it stronger. 70. He is an important f___________(人物) in the village and what he says carries a lot of weight.
71.The driver has been f___________( 禁止) to drive because he caused two deaths in the accident yesterday. 72. Lao Wang is my c_____________( 同事 ), who has been working with me for six years. 73. When I was a little boy, I‘d like to stare at the r ____________( 遥远的) stars at night. 74. The day will certainly come when solar energy can be e _____________( 开发 ) on a large scale.
75. The square is dominated by the i____________ ( 极大的) statue of the President.
76. The garden is surrounded by a hedge in which many small c (生物)can live. 77. The Party always has a cautious and s （怀疑的） attitude to Europe.
78. Yesterday is history. Tomorrow is m 80. They are an established company with a good r II. 短语填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请根据汉语提示用正确形式写出下列短语，每空一词。 81. I know _______ _______ (肯定地) how I can solve the problem. 82. God helps those who _______ ______ (依靠) themselves. 83. All the money he had had been _________ ________ (用完), so he had to make a living by begging. 84. We should make up our minds to ________ ________ ________ (除掉) bad habits once we realize them. 85. When you _______ _______ _______ (被困在) a fire, you must keep cool and find a way to escape. 86. A new building is _________ __________ (在建设中). It will be completed next month. 87. Nowadays women can _________ _________ (支撑) half the sky. 88. It was her eyes that _________ her _________ (暴露). 89. Let us be _________ _________ (保持警惕) against thieves. 90. As a matter of fact, I landed in Britain ________ _________ (偶然地). 91. The scientist was born and __________ _________ (养育) in China. 92. Guilin is _________ _________ (以...而闻名)its beautiful scenery. 93. ________ ________ ________ (在远处) was an ox working in a field. 94. As lots of rare animals are _________ _________ (灭绝), we have to take measures to protect the environment. 95. It seems that the discovery _________ _________ _________ (阐明) an old scientific controversy. 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误， 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下面画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I went to visit the small town where I was born and raised in last month. My family moved to the city five years ago and now I only went back to see my friends. The town, is surrounded by mountains, is one of the most beautiful places I‘ve ever seen. Everyone in the town are nice and (神秘的). Today is a gift. (变化莫测的). (名声). 79. His actions since that morning have been eccentric and u
we both know each other. What‘s more, the air there is fresher than in the city. There is a tiny post office, a tiny bank, a small hospital and some excellent restaurant. People there live happy life. My parents wanted me to receive a good education, hope that I will have a bright future. That‘s because I had to leave there.
第三节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假设你叫王明，昨天收到了笔友 David 的 e-mail，得知他不久要到北京来学习中文。他想 了解如何学好中文。请你用英文给他回复一封 e-mail，介绍学习中文的体会和方法，提出你的 建议，以及表达你帮助他学好中文的愿望。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Dear David, ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Wang Ming
高级中学 2014-2015 学年第二学期期终考试英语答案
第一部分： 第一节 阅读理解
第二节 七选五 16---20 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 21—30 BDCCB ADBDC 31—40 ADBBC DADBC BCGAF 1—10 BDACD BACAB 11—15 DBDCD
第二节 短文填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
41. adjusted 46. another 42. its 47. to 43 With 48 description 44. in 49. encouraging 45. which 50. louder
第三部分 写作（共三节；满分 65 分） 第一节 单词与短语 I. 单词拼写（共 30 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 15 分）
51. resources 52. alternative 53. optimistic 54. eventually 59. solution 69. Physical 74. exploited 55.urban 60.exploring 65. toast 70. figure 75. immense 56. destination 57. convenient 58. provide 61. unconscious 62. gesture 66. quantity 71. forbidden 76. creatures 81.for sure/certain 85. are/get stuck in 89. on guard 93. In the distance 67. diagnosed 72. colleague 77. sceptical 68. partly 73. remote 78. mysterious
63. communication 64. religion
79. unpredictable 80. reputation 84. get rid of 88. give away 92. known for
II. 短语填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 82. rely/depend on 86. under construction 90. by accident/chance 94. dying out 83. used up 87.hod up 91.brought up 95. throws light on
第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
I went to visit the small town where I was born and raised in last month. My family moved to the city five years ago and now I only went back to see my friends. The town, ∧/is go which surrounded by mountains, is one of the most beautiful places I‘ve ever seen. Everyone in the town are nice and we both know each other. What‘s more, the air there is fresher than ∧in the city. is that There is a tiny post office, a tiny bank, a small hospital and some excellent restaurant. People there
restaurants live ∧happy life. My parents wanted me to receive a good education, hope that I will have a a bright future. That‘s because I had to leave there. why hoping would
第三节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
One possible version: Dear David, I‘m glad you‘ll come to Beijing to learn Chinese. Chinese is very useful, and many foreigners are learning it now. It‘s difficult for you because it‘s quite different from English. There are various ways to learn Chinese, but above all you have to memorize as many Chinese words as possible. It‘s also important to do some reading and writing. Besides, you can watch TV and listen to the radio to practise your listening. Last but not least, try to talk with people in Chinese. Not only can you learn Chinese from books but also from people around you. If you have any questions, please ask me. I would spare no effort to help you learn Chinese well. Yours sincerely, Wang Ming
1—10 BDACD BACAB 11—20 DBDCD 21—30 BDCCB ADBDC
31—40 ADBBC DADBC