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to do 作宾语教案


乐学教育-----您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校

教师:

学生:

一、授课目的与考点分析:

乐学教育个性化辅导授课案 时间: 201 年 月 日 段 ggggggggggggangganggang 纲

二、授课内容: 一) 动词不定式作宾语 动词不定式作宾语,表明意图,

希望或决定的内容。 1.有些及物动词如 afford,need,agree,ask,decide,choose,hope,offer,plan,hate,refuse 等用不定式做宾 语,结构为“动词+不定式” 。 He offered to help me.他表示愿意帮助我。He decided to buy a new car. 他决定买辆新车。 2.有些动词如 ask,help,like,love,need,prefer,want,choose 等除了可以用不定式作宾语,还可以用不定 式作补语,即:动词+宾语+不定式。I like you to keep everything tidy.我喜欢你使每件东西都保持整洁。 3.有些动词或动词词组如 decide, know, show ,tell, forget, remember, learn ,find out 等可以用“疑问词加不定式” 结构作宾语。 Please show us how to do that.请演示给我们如何去做。 They haven’t decided whether to accept the invitation.他们还没有决定是否接受邀请。 4.find/feel/think+it+adj./n.+to do sth.句型中 it 是形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的动词不定式。 The man downstairs found it difficult to get to sleep.楼下的人发觉难以入睡。 I feel it my duty to help them.我感到帮助他们是我的责任。 5.动词 forget,remember,stop,go on 等之后接 V-ing 形式和不定式作宾语意义差别较大。 stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事 remember to do sth. 记住去做某事 forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 (二)双宾语 当动词有两个宾语时,一般结构是:动词+人+物,我们把这种结构称作双宾语。其中人被称做间接宾语,物被 称作直接宾语。 He give her some money.= He give some money to her. My parents bought me a computer.=My parents bought a computer for me. 3.动词跟双宾语,间接宾语改为由介词 to 或 for 引起的短语时,用 to 侧重指动作的方向,表示朝着,向着,对 着某人。由 to 引出间接宾语的动词有:bring,give,show,pass,lend,take,tell,hand,offer,pay 等。用 for 引出间接宾语的动词有:buy, make, cook, get, sing, read, choose, draw, find, get 等 He shows a picture to me.他向我展示了一幅图画。 She made a beautiful dress for me.她为我做了一件漂亮的衣服。 stop doing sth.停止做某事 remember doing sth.记得做过某事 forget doing sth.忘记已做了某事

乐学教育-----您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校 动词不定式三注意 动词不定式是动词的非谓语形式之一,常由“to + 动词原形”构成,可在句中作主语,表语,宾语,宾 语补足语,状语等。 1. 感观动词的使用 我们知道,像 ask, want, invite, wish, expect, warn 等动词后常接带 to 的动词不定式作宾语补足语。 那什么时候把 to 省略呢?常见的有“一感二听三让四看半帮助”几种情况。即 feel sb do sth; listen/ hear sb do; make/ let/ have sb do sth; look at/ see/ watch/ notice sb do sth; help sb ( to ) do sth。 如:I often hear Molly sing songs in her room. 我经常听见莫利在她的房间里唱歌.Don’t make him stand outside. 别让他在外边站着了。 若表示“看到/听到/感觉到某人正在做某事”,则用 see/ hear/ feel sb doing sth. 如:I can hear someone singing at the door. 我能听见有人正在门口唱歌。 2. 疑问词+不定式,不定式可以和疑问词 what, how, when, where 等连用,共同作句子的宾语或表语等,但此 时不定式一定要放在疑问词的后面。 如:Can you show me how to turn off the computer? 你能让我看看如何关电脑吗? (how to do sth 作宾语) Where to spend the weekend hasn’t been decided yet. 去哪里度过周末还没有被决定出来呢。(where to do sth 作主语) 3. 不定式和 it 不定式可以作句子的主语和宾语,但有时候它们因太长而显得句子结构不够完美,故常用 it 来代替它作 形式主语或形式宾语。 常见的句型有以下两个:① It be + adj + for sb to do sth.对某人来说做某事怎么样。(it 作形式 主语)② sb thinks/ find it + adj + to do sth.某人认为(发现)做某事怎么样。(it 作形式宾语) 如:It is very easy for me to answer that question. Did you find it hard to solve the problem? 练习: 模块综合练习 ( ( ( ( )1. Don’t listen to him. He always makes it hard _________ anything. A. to do B. do C. does D. did )2. Their teacher often ___________ them a funny story _________ his class lively and interesting. A. tells; to make B. talks; to make C. says; makes D. speaks; makes )3. He seems ________ happy. A. to B. to be C. is D. be )4. The Internet ________ it easy to get much new information in a short time. A. finds B. takes C. feels D. makes 对我来说,回答那个问题是很容易的。

你觉得解决那个问题很难吗?

( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

乐学教育-----您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校 )5. ________, the little boy has so many books. A. To my surprised B. In my surprise C. To my surprise D. At my surprise )6. She seemed __________ when she called me. A. to be cry B. to crying C. to be crying D. be crying )7. Our English teacher often make it easy and interesting __________ English. A. to learn B. learn C. learns D. learning )8. Don’t be afraid of the dog. He only wants _________ with you. A. makes friends B. to make friend C. make friends D. to make friends )9. My mother often tells me _________ home on time. A. to B. to be C. be at D. to at )10. Praise makes good men __________ and bad men________ A. worse; worse B. better ; better C. better ; worse D. worse ; better )11. In the south of China most people _______ rice. A. live in B. live on C. get to D. get on )12. All work and no play ________ Jack a dull boy. A. make B. makes C. making D. made )13. I have a ________ for you. Listen carefully. A. surprised B. surprising C. surprise D. surprises )14. You ________ angry with her, for she is very young. A. need not to be B. don’t need to C. need not be D. need not )15. I want to go to the doctor’s, but you _________ with me. A. need not to go B. do not need go C. need not go D. need go not )16. Every one of us ________ a simple life. A. needs live B. need live C. needs to live D. needs living )17. Are you _________ help? A. with need of B. in need of C. in need for D. need of )18. —______ you _________ a ticket for the football match? — Not yet. A. Is; bought B. Are; bought C. Has; bought D. Have; bought )19. The soldiers were _______ danger. A. at B. by C. in D. to )20. It is ________ to ride a motor without a helmet . A. danger B. dangerous C. dangerously D. in dangerous

完形填空 A young man was going to spend his holiday in a mountain village. That night he the train station. 2 1 at a small hotel (旅馆) near 3

going to bed, he went to the owner of the hotel and said, “Excuse me, sir. Will you please 4 .” .”

me up at four forty-five tomorrow morning? I’ll take the five o’clock

“Oh, sorry,” the owner said in a hurry. “ I’m afraid I can’t. I won’t be able to get up so 5 The young man was going to return to his room 钟)? Maybe it can help me.” “Yes, here you are, young man, ” said the owner. The young man thanked the owner 7 wrong with it. “ Will it 9 on time? ” he asked. 10 five, and it will do!” 6

he stopped and asked, “ Have you got an alarm clock (闹

. But as he looked at the alarm clock closely, it seemed there was

8

“Sure! You just give it a good shake (摇晃) at a quarter ( ( ( ( ) 1. A. worked ) 2. A. Before ) 3. A. wash ) 4. A. ship B. stayed B. After B. beat B. plane

C. studied C. While C. wake C. train

乐学教育-----您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校 ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 5. A. early ) 6. A. when ) 7. A. angrily ) 8. A. something ) 9. A. shout ) 10. A. past B. late B. because B. happily B. nothing B. cry B. to C. quickly C. until C. sadly C. anything C. ring C. of

阅读理解 The largest animal living on the earth is the blue whale. It weighs about 80 tons—more than 24 elephants. It is more than 30 metres long. A newborn baby whale weigh as much as a big elephant. Cats can survive falls from very high places because they can turn themselves up the right way so as to keep their bodies safe. One cat fell 32 floors onto the street, but was just hurt a little. A bear can run as a horse. A newborn panda is smaller than a mouse, and weighs about 100 grams. Elephants are the most careful animals in their love. A male elephant may show his love for three years until the female elephant takes his love. They often show their love by touching each other’s body. Usually, wolves do not attack people. For years a Canadian newspaper says that they would give anyone quite a lot of money if he could show that a wolf had attacked a person. But nobody could do that. Wolves usually go together though they may do this in winter. ( ) 1. How much does a newborn blue whale weigh? A.10 tons C. As much as 10 elephants ( B. As much as a small whale D. More than 3 tons

) 2. Cats can survive falls because ______ in the fall. A. they can keep themselves safe C. they can keep themselves away B. they are small D. they can put something under their bodies

(

) 3. Elephants show their love by _______. A. looking at each other C. courting each other B. touching each other D. moving their bodies

(

) 4. A male elephant _______ keep following a lady elephant to show his love for a long time until the lady takes his love. A. will B. won’t C. shall D. didn’t

(

) 5. A wolf won’t attack people except ______. A. in a special case B. in winter C. going together D. that they have babies

三、本次课后作业: 四、学生对于本次课的评价: ○ 特别满意 ○ 满意 ○ 一般 ○ 差 学生签字: 主任签字: ___________

乐学教育教处


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