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陕西师范大学成州中学高一期中英语试卷(命题人:曹选军)


III. 单项选择,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳答案完成句子
1. Money plays ______ important role in the material world. But expecting ______ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life. A. a; th

e B. an; / C. a; / D. the; the

2. — How come you are late for our appointment again? — ______. A. Because I missed the bus C. Please excuse it B. By bus and then on foot D. It’s quite wrong

3. ______ you make your mind to do this research well, I think you’d better find some help. A. Since B. Because C. For D. As

4. Oh, look at my personal album! Here is one photo taken with my classmates at graduation ceremony. Can you ______ me in it? A. recognize B. realize C. know to carry all the way home. B. too much heavy D. too heavy much D. speak out

5. Linda had to call a taxi because the box was A. much too heavy C. heavy too much

6. Seeing their team beat Netherlands 1∶0 during extra-time in 2010 World Cup Final, the whole Spain was unable to keep _______. A. quiet B. silent C. calm D. still

7. Can you tell me ______ the railway station? A. how I can get to C. where I can get to B. how can I get to D. where can I get to

8. Why didn’t you tell me there was no meeting today? I needn’t have driven all the way here the heavy snow.

A. through

B. across

C. above

D. cross

9. What a terrible weather outside! I’d prefer than to the cinema. A. to stay; to go C. to stay; going

at home, watching TV rather

B. staying; going D. to stay; go

8. I thought I was going to fail the exam, but I passed _______. A. above all B. after all C. in all D. first of all

10. The boy ________ on the ground ________ to me that his hen _______ three eggs a day. A. lies; lied; laid C. lay; lied; lain B. lying; lied; laid D. lay; lying; has laid

12. Sorry to hear that your father is ill. I ________ hope he will be well again soon. A. sincerely B. immediately C. frequently D. fluently

13. Alice received an invitation from her boss, ________ came as a surprise. A. it B. this C. which D. that

14. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _______ the sailing time was 226 days. A. from which B. during which C. of which D. for which

15. _______ I wrote a little poem, I confidently placed it right on my father’s plate on the dining-room table. A. The first time C. It was the first time B. At first D. For the first time

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36―55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选 出最佳选项。 I grew up in a small town and the main entertainment was Friday night high school football. It was just a sleepy little town where parents wanted to raise their children away from crime and 36 of a big city, and where teenagers like me 37 leaving to find something bigger and better. All that changed one summer night. My friend Lisa, Martin and Tyler held a party for my eighteenth birthday at Lisa’s house. 38 they kept handing alcohol to me I was pretty 39 . I asked Tyler to take me home. With some 40 , we

made it out to his car and drove home. News came next morning. My friend Martin was 41 in a car accident. That night after Tyler and I left, Martin, who was 42 more drunk than me, got into his car and 43 towards the highway to go home. Driving on the wrong side of the road, he never saw the truck coming. The driver didn’t see him 44 to avoid the car. They hit head on. Martin died immediately, and the driver was thrown 45 the truck windshield(挡风玻璃)and died a week later. Whenever I 46 back on that day, I can’t help thinking that it was my 47 to drink so much that night. 48 things would be different. I know Martin 49 the choice to drink and drive that night, but a part of me will always feel 50 for what happened. I may not change the world with my story, but I do hope that by 51 my story I can make you 52 that you not only have a responsibility for yourself but also for others. Don’t ever think that your choices are yours 53 . Every choice is like a stone dropped into 54 water—each ripple (涟漪) represents someone who your choice 55 . That’s quite an influence, isn’t it? 36.A. death B. fashion C. danger D. challenge 37. A. succeeded in B. dreamed of C. applied for D.agreed to 38. A. As B. While C. When D.Although 39. A. lost B. drunk C. frozen D.sleepy 40. A. fun B. difficulty C. hope D method 41. A. die B. injured C. killed D. hurt 42. A. constantly B. frequently C. clearly D .equally 43. A. headed B. walked C. pushed D. fled 44. A. in trouble B. in time C. in danger D. in place 45. A. above B. below C. into D through 46. A. turn B. hold C. look D. get 47. A. desire B. fault C. right D. chance 48. A. Thus B. Nevertheless C. Otherwise D. Therefore 49. A. faced B. avoided C. regretted D. made 50. A. responsible B. disappointed C. sensitive D.embarrassed 51. A. remembering B. sharing C. declaring D. stopping 52. A. explain B. escape C. limit D. realize 53. A. alone B. finally C. merely D. perhaps 54. A. clean B. deep C. still D. fresh 55. A. Affects B. inspires C. attracts D.benefits 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A We know that many animals do not stay in one place. Birds, fish and other animals move from one place to another at a certain time. They move for different reasons: Most of them move to find food more easily, but others move to get away from places that are too crowded. When cold weather comes, many birds move to warmer places to find food. Some fishes give birth in warm water and move to cold water to feed. The most famous migration (迁徙) is probably the migration of fish, which is called “salmon”. This fish is born in fresh water but it

travels many miles to salt water. Then it gives birth and dies there. In northern Europe, there is a kind of mouse. They leave their mountain homes when they become too crowded. They move down to the low land. Sometimes they move all the way to the seaside, and many of them are killed when they fall into the sea. Recently, scientists have studied the migration of a kind of lobster (龙虾). Every year, when the season of bad weather arrives, the lobsters get into a long line and start to walk across the floor of the ocean. Nobody knows why they do this, and nobody knows where they go. So, sometimes we know why humans and animals move from one place to another, but at other times we don’t. Maybe living things just like traveling. 56. Most animals move from one place to another at a certain time to ________. A. give birth B. enjoy warmer weather C. find food more easily D. find a beautiful place 57. The mice in northern Europe move when ________. A. they give birth B. the weather is bad C. the place gets too crowded D. they have enough food 58. The lobsters move ________. A. to the fresh water B. to the sea floor C. at a certain time D. to find more food 59. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Animals move in order to find food more easily. B. The migration of the fish called “salmon” is the most famous migration. C. Living things move from one place to another because they like traveling. D. Sometimes we know why and how living things move from one place to another, but sometimes we don’t. B For years and years people have been saying that the railways are dead. People say that we can do without railways, as if motorcars and planes made the railways unnecessary. We all keep hearing that trains are slow, that they lose money, that they’re dying. But this is far from the truth. In these days of expensive oil, the railways have become highly competitive with motorcars and planes. If you want to carry people or goods from place to place, they’re cheaper than planes. And they have much in common with planes. A plane goes in a strange line and so does a railway. What’s more, it takes you from the heart of a city into the heart of another. It doesn’t leave you as a plane does, miles and miles away from the city center. It doesn’t hold you up as a car does, in endless traffic jams. And a single train can carry goods which no plane or motorcar could ever do. Far from being dead, the railways are very much alive. Modern railway lines give you a smooth, untroubled journey. Where else can you eat well, sleep in comfort, feel safe and enjoy the scene while you are travelling at speed at the same time? And we are only at the beginning. For we have just entered the age of super-fast trains, travelling at 150 miles an hour and more. Soon we will be wondering why we spent so much on motorcars we can’t use because we have not enough money to buy the oil and planes we can’t fly in for the same reason. 60. Some people think the railways are dead for many reasons EXCEPT that ________. A. they think that planes and motorcars have taken the place of trains B. oil is expensive today

C. trains are slow D. railways lose money 61. The writer’s idea seems to be that ________. A. we can do without railways B. trains have much in common with motorcars and planes C. motorcars and planes are not as good as trains D. trains are as good as motorcars and planes 62. According to the writer, which of the following is NOT true? A. It is cheaper to travel by train than by plane. B. The railway station is usually at the center of a city. C. When you get off the plane, you will find yourself in the city center. D. No motorcar or plane can carry as many goods as a train does. 63. In the writer’s opinion, ________ give you a smooth, untroubled journey. A. planes B. cars C. boats D. modern railway lines C When I was nineteen, I had a job at a local bookstore. One night, a fifteen-year-old couple came in, looking for a book. They seemed to be the usual type to give mall workers a hard time. When they came to the register, she was a dollar or two short of buying the book she wanted. She looked so disappointed. I had a customer discount card from before I worked there and it was still active. I told the girl, “Hang on, don’t worry, you have the money to buy the book.” I put in my code, hoping that the worst thing I would get would be a slap on the wrist (腕). She gave me a thankful smile, and she and her boyfriend left the store. I believed that, like so many of my other customers, I would never see them again. I don’t remember how long it was, but they did return later that same evening just to bring me a beautiful “Thank You” card that said “It’s people like you that make the world a better place to live in.” I am so happy and grateful for that bit of appreciation and that moment will forever hold a place in my heart. You, little girl, and your boyfriend, have made the world a little brighter too. 64. What was the girl’s trouble? A. She had a quarrel with the mall workers. B. She was caught stealing in the bookstore. C. She hadn’t got enough money to buy the book she wanted. D. She and her boyfriend had a quarrel over which book to buy. 65. How did the author help the girl? A. He lent the girl some money. B. He paid for the book for the girl. C. He asked the manager to let the girl have the book with less money. D. He lent the girl his customer discount card. 66. The underlined phrase “a slap on the wrist” in the passage probably means “________”. A. a slight punishment B. a severe punishment C. a thorough beat D. his job’s being lost 67. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The author didn’t expect the girl and his boyfriend would come back to thank him. B. The author valued the girl’s appreciation very much.

C. The author didn’t think the girl and her boyfriend gave them a hard time. D. The author wished the girl and her boyfriend would follow his example. D About 100 wild elephants have gathered on a river island in northeast India, destroying houses, feasting on sugarcane (甘蔗) and frightening residents, some officials said. Thousands of villagers used firecrackers (鞭炮) to scare away the animals. “Dozens of houses have been destroyed in the past three days by adult elephants entering human settlements to look for their wandering calves (小象),” said the local magistrate (地方行 政官), L.S. Changsan. Up to 50 families have moved to a local school being used as a refugee (难 民) camp, Changsan said. About 150,000 people live on 875-square-kilometre Majuli Island in the Brahmaputra River, some 350 kilometres east of Assam state’s capital, Gauhati. Officials said the elephants swam to the island from a nearby hill region, beginning their violent behavior nearly a week ago. “Forestry workers and officials are on the island, trying to assist the villagers in pushing the elephants away from the settlements,” Changsan said. “The job is proving difficult.” India has Asia’s largest elephant population, with 10,000 to 15,000 of the animals, but their numbers are declining due to habitat (栖息地) loss and hunting. Assam state alone accounts for nearly 5,000 wild elephants. Conservationists (自然资源保护学家) say the animals have killed more than 600 people in the state over the last 16 years. Satellite photos by India’s National Remote Sensing Agency show that up to 280,000 hectares of Assam’s forests were cleared between 1996 and 2000. Angry villagers’ attacks on wandering elephants in the area have shocked conservationists. Villagers poisoned 19 wild elephants in northern Assam’s Sonitpur district in 2001 after the animals destroyed the crops and houses. 68. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To call on people to protect wild elephants. B. To describe the danger wild elephants are faced. C. To tell readers about villagers’ anger to wild ele-phants. D. To introduce the current serious situation on Majuli Island. 69. The local villagers set off firecrackers to ________. A. drive away the wild elephants B. give signals of calling for help C. welcome forestry workers and officials who came to help them D. celebrate the wonderful job they had done to the wild elephants 70. According to L.S. Changsan, ________. A. villagers should be friendly to the wild elephants B. more refugee camps will be built to help the villagers C. measures should be taken to protect wild elephants D. it’s hard to drive the elephants away 71. The conservationists are astonished at ________. A. wild elephants’ killing many people B. local movement’s slow rescue work C. people’s attack to the elephants D. the great damage by the elephants

E There are some steps you can take to prevent yourself from catching a cold. Opposite to popular belief, colds are not caused by terrible weather. Colds are caused by viruses (病毒) in the body, and you’re better off out skiing or even waiting for the bus on a snowy day than you are in a warm room with your friends, workmates, or fellow students, who just may be passing the virus around. If you feel a chill (寒冷) when you’re coming down with a cold, you’re already sick. A chill is an early symptom (症状): It’s the cold that caused the chill, not the other way around. While the virus can spread through droplets (小滴) sent into the air when a cold-sufferer coughs or sneezes (打喷嚏), surprisingly, this is not the most common way of transmission (传送). Many studies have now shown that the majority of colds are “caught” by hand touch. A cold-sufferer rubs her nose, therefore transferring (转移) the virus to her hand. Then a friend comes to visit. “Don’t kiss me,” she warns, so the friend steps back and presses her hand. The friend then wipes her own nose or eye, and several days later is stricken with a cold. Or parents pick up their child’s used tissues (卫生纸) and carefully throw them away, but fail to wash their hands afterward. Cold viruses also can be transferred to objects—telephones, cups, plates and viruses on the remain for up to three hours. Frequent hand-washing on the part of the cold sufferer as well as other family members will reduce the spread of viruses in this way. 72. According to the writer, we are most likely to catch a cold if we ________. A. go out on a terribly cold and windy day B. attend a party with a lot of people C. stay 5 minutes in the street on a snowy day D. go skiing or skating in the open air 73. By saying “you’re better off”, the writer means“________”. A. you are richer B. you’re stronger C. you’re well off D. you’re better 74. What does the underlined expression “the other way around” mean? A. in the other way B. going a long way C. in one’s own way D. in both ways 75. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? A. Hand touch and transmission of viruses B. The spread of viruses C. How to cure colds D. Ways to avoid colds 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一下作文。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。增加:在缺词处 加一个漏词符号(Λ ) ,并在其面写出改嫁的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。修改: 在错误的词下划一横线(_) ,并在该次下面写出正确的次。 注意:1,每处错误及修改仅限一词;2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第十一处起)不计分 Li Hua, It’s time to say goodbye. It’s time to recall those days when we spent together. You are the very person that give me a hand when necessary. You are most considerate person who knows exactly what I need. Remember that night two years before? When I suddenly fell ill, that was you

who carried me on your back to a nearby hospital.You took good care me while I was having an injection. Later, you managed to help me in my lessons. Without your help, I would have failed in the examination. I still had hundreds of stories to share with you. I still have thousands of blessings for you. May all your dreams come truly! May our friendship last till the end of the universe! Yours, Wang Ping 第三节:书面表达(满分 25 分) “如何与奥运冠军一同成长”已成为全国青少年的热门话题。你班最近就这个话题开了一 次班会。请给某英文报写一篇文章,介绍班会上同学们的发言情况并发表你的观点。 内容要点如下: 1. 奥运冠军的共同点:1)追求卓越 2)尊重他人(对手、裁判、媒体等) 3) 永不言败 2. 如何做生活中的冠军? 1) 明确的目标是动力的源泉 2) 专注和良好的心态是成功的主要因素 3. 你的观点(至少两点)


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