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APA论文写作格式(第六版)


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Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, 249-267. doi: 10.1090/14622200410001676305 6 C DOI Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx(xx), xxx-xxx. ? Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N. Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., & Botros, N. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology , 68, 843-856. 7. D DOI C brackets 8. E DOI ? ? Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical. Advance online publication. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx ? Van Ledebur, S. C. (2007). Optimizing knowledge transfer by new employees in companies. Knowledge Management Research & Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1057/paigrave. kmrp.8500141 9. F ? Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (in press). Title of article. Title of Periodical. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Briscoe, R. (in press). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and phenomenological Research. Retrieved from http: 10. ? ? ?? 90 ? 2 6 14-16
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A Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Ed.s). (Year). Article title [Special issue]. Journal Title. xx(xx). ? : Haney, C., & Wiener, R. L. (Eds.). (2004). Capital punishment in the United States [Special issue]. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 10(4). 24. B Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Eds.). (Year). Section title [Special section]. Journal Title, xx(xx), xx-xx. ? : Greenfield, P., & Yan, Z. (Eds.). (2006). Children, adolescents, and the internet [Special section]. Developmental Psychology, 42, 318-458. 25. ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? 26. ? ? DOI Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Article title [Monograph]. Journal Title, xx(xx), xx-xx. doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx ? :Ganster, D. C., Schaubroeck, J., Sime, W. E., & Mayas, B. T. (1991). The nomological validity of the Type-A personality among employed adults [Monograph]. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 143-168. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.76.1.143 27. ? ? ? ? : ? ? ?
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? Editorial: Article title [Editorial]. (Year). Journal Title, xx(xx), xx-xx. ? :Editorial: What is a disaster and why does this question matter? [Editorial]. (2006). Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 14, 1-2. 29 ? ? DOI Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Article title [Supplemental material]. Journal Title, xx(xx), xx-xx. doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx ? :Marshall-Pescini, S. & Whiten, A. (2008). Social learning of nut-cracking behavior in East African sanctuary-living chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) [Supplemental material]. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 122, 186-194. doi:10.1037/0735-7036. 122.2.186 30. ? A ? ? Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Article title [Abstract]. Title of Periodical, xx(xx), xxx-xxx. ? Woolf, N. J. Young, S. L., Fanselow, M. S., & Butcher, L. L. (1991). Map-2 expression in cholinoceptive pyramid cells of rodent cortex and hippocampus is altered by Pavlovian conditioning [Abstract]. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 17, 480. 31. ? B ( ?) Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Article title Title of Periodical, xx(xx), xxx-xxx. Abstract retrieved from Secondary Source. (Accession No. xxxxxxxxxx) ? Hare, L. R., O'Neill, K. (2000). Effectiveness and efficiency in small academic peer group. Small Group Research, 31, 24-53. Abstracted retrieved from Sociological Abstract databases. (Accession No. 200010185) ? 1. A
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C doi Author, A. A. (Year). Book title. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx. xxx ? Knust, M., & Hanft, A. (Eds.). (2009). Continuing higher education and lifelong learning. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com/content/u9r4h7/frontmatter.pdf 14. ? Author, A. A. (Year). Book title. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx. xxx (Original work published year) ? Freud, S. (1953). The method of interpreting dreams: An analysis of a specimen dream. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.). The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol.4, pp. 96-121). Retrieved from http://books.google. com/books (Original work published 1900) 15. E ? ? ? ? ? ? monograph ? Author, A. A. (Year). Book title. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx. xxx Author, A. A. (Year). Book title [Monograph]. Retrieved from http://xxx. xxx. xxx ? Thomas, N. (Ed.). (2002). Perspectives on the community college: A journey of discovery [Monograph]. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/ 16. F ? ? ? Author, A. A. (year). Book title (Vols. xx-xx). Location: Publisher. ? Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959-1963). Psychology: A study of science ? (Vols. 1-6). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Sadie, S. (Ed.). (1980). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (6th ed., Vol. 20, pp.2-50). London, England: Macmillian.

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17. G Author, A. A. (Year). Chapter title. In B. B. Author (Series Ed.). Series Title: Volume title (pp. xx-xx). doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx ? Strong, E. K., Jr., & Uhrbrock, R. S. (1923). Bibliography on job analysis. In L. Outhwaite (Series Ed.), Personnel Research Series: Vol. 1. Job analysis and the curriculum (pp. 140-146). doi:10.1037/10762-000 18. H Author, A. A. (Year). Chapter title. In B. B. Author & C. C. Author (Eds.), Books title (pp. xx-xx). Location: Publisher. ? Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press. 19. I ? Author, A. A. (Year). Chapter title ( Author, B. Trans.). In C. C. Author & D. D. Author (Eds.), Book title (pp.xx-xx). Location: Publisher. (Reprinted from source) ? Piaget, J. (1988). Extracts from Piaget's theory (G. Gellerier & J. Langer, Trans.). In K. Richardson & S. Sheldon (Eds.), Cognitive development to adolescence: A reader (pp. 3-18). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. (Reprinted from Manual of child psychology, pp. 703-732, by P. H. Mussen, Ed., 1970, New York, NY: Wiley) 20. J ? Author, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher. ? VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 21. K ? Author, A. A. (Year). Book title [English book title]. Location: Publisher. ? Real Academia Espanola (2001). Diccionario de la lengua expanola [Dictionary of the Spanish language] (22nd
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ed.). Madrid, Spain: Author. 22. L ? ? Author, A. (Year). Article title. In B. Author (Editor), Reference title. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu.edu/entries/ behaviorism/ 23. M ? ? Article title (Year). In Reference title. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Heuristic (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/ heuristic 1. ? xxx ? ? ? 001-F19 2. ? xxx ? ? ? F0033518 3. 81 ? ? B 89 ? NSC88-2418 -H-133A ?

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Institute. (2003).Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NHT Publication No. 02-2650). Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/pro/lung/asthma /asth_xgh.pdf 4. B Institute, Task Force. (Year). Report title. Retrieved from http:// xxx.xxx.xxx ? American Psychological Associations, Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls.(2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/wpo/sexulization.html

5. Author, A. A. (Year). Report title (Rep. No.). Retrieved from http:// xxx. xxx.xxx ? McDaniel, J. E., & Miskel, C. G. (2002). The effect of groups and individuals on national decisionmaking: Influence and domination in the reading policymaking environment (CIERA Report 3-025). Retrieved from University of Michigan, Center for Improvement fo Early Reading Achievement website: http://www. ciera.org/library/reports/inquiry-3/3-025/3-025.pdf 6. D Author, A. A. (Year). Report title (Rep. No.). Retrieved from http:// xxx. xxx.xxx ? McDaniel, J. E., & Miskel, C. G. (2002). The effect of groups and individuals on national decisionmaking: Influence and domination in the reading policymaking environment (CIERA Report 3-025). Retrieved from University of Michigan, Center for Improvement fo Early Reading Achievement website: http://www. ciera.org/library/reports/inquiry-3/3-025/3-025.pdf 7. E

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Author, A. A. (Year). Report title (Rep. No.). Retrieved from http:// xxx. xxx.xxx ? McDaniel, J. E., & Miskel, C. G. (2002). The effect of groups and individuals on national decisionmaking: Influence and domination in the reading policymaking environment (CIERA Report 3-025). Retrieved from University of Michigan, Center for Improvement of Early Reading Achievement website: http://www. ciera.org/library/reports/inquiry-3/3-025/3-025.pdf 8. F ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month). Report title (Issue Brief No.). Location: Publisher. ? Employee Benefit Research Institute. (1992, February). Sources of health insurance and characteristics of the uninsured (Issue Brief No. 123).Washington, DC: Author. (2002). ? ? ? ? 1. A ? ? ? ? 84 ? 4 ?? ? ? ? 2. B ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 3. ? A Author, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of contribution. In B. B. Chairperson
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(Chair), Title of Symposium. Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location. ? Muellbauer, J. (2007, September). Housing credit and consumer expenditure. In S. S. Ludvigson (Chair), Housing and consumer behavior. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Jackson Hole, WY. 4. ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of paper. Paper presented at the Conference Title, Location. Abstract retrieved from http://xxx.xxx. xxx ? Liu, S. (2005, May). Defending against business crises with the help of intelligent agent based early warning solutions. Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Miami, FL. Abstract retrieved from http://www.iceis.org/ iceis2005/abstracts_2005.htm 5. A ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of paper. Proceedings Title, pp. xx-xx. doi:xx. xxxxxxxxxx ? Herculano-Houzel, S., S. Collins., C. E. Wong, Kaas, J. H., Lent, R. (2008). The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105, 12593-12598. doi:10.1073/pnas. 0805417105 6. B Author, A. A. (Year). Title of paper. In Editors (Eds.), Title of Book (pp.xx-xx).. Location: Publisher. doi:xx. xxxxxxxxxx ? Katz, I., Gabayan, K., Aghajan, H. (2007). A multi-touch surface using multiple cameras. In Blanc-Talon, W., Philips, D., Popescu., & P. Scheunders (Eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Vol. 4678. Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems (pp. 97-108).
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? A ? ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of doctoral dissertation or mater’s thesis (Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis). Available from Name of database. (Accession or order No.) McNiel, D. S. (2006). Meaning through narrative: A personal ? narrative discussing growing up with an alcoholic mother (Master's thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertation and theses database. (UMI No. 1434728) 5. ? B ? ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of doctoral dissertation or mater’s thesis (Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis). Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Adams, R. J. (1973). Building a foundation for evaluation of instruction in higher education and continuing
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education (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd 6. ? C ? ? ?? ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of doctoral dissertation or mater’s thesis (Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis, Name of Institution, Location). Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Bruckman, A. (1997). Moose Crossing: Construction, community, and learning in a networked virtual world for kids (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Retrieved from http://www. static.cc.gatech.edu/~asb/thesis/ 7. ? D DAI ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of dissertation. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section X, Title of Section, xx(xx), xx. ? Applebaum, L. G. (2005). Three studies of human information processing: Texture amplification, motion representation, and figure-ground segregation. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B. Sciences and Engineering, 65(10), 5428. 8. ? E ? Author, A. A. (Year). Dissertation title (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Name of University, Location. ? Hungerford, N. L. (1986). Factors perceived by teachers and administrators as stimulative and supportive of professional growth (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). State University of Michigan, East Lansing, Michigan. 9. ? F ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of doctoral thesis (Doctoral thesis, Name of Institution, Location). Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Carlborn, P. (2000). Carbody and passengers in rail vehicle
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dynamics (Doctoral thesis, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden). Retrieved from http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3029 ? ? ? A ? ? ? ?

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therapy with adolescents, produced by the American Psychological Association, 2007]. PsychCRITIQUES, 52(51). doi:10.1037/a0009036 5. ? C ? ? [Review of the video game Title of video game, produced by A. A. Author, Year]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx. ? [Review of the video game BioShock, produced by 2K Games, 2007]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.whatheyplay. com/products/bioshock-for-xbox-360/?frn=3&ob=1&t 0 166 6. ? D ? ? Reviewer, A. A. (Year). Title of commentary [Peer commentary on the paper "Title of paper" by B. B. Author. Retrieved from http:// xxx. xxx.xxx ? Wolf, K. S. (2005). The future for Deaf individuals is not that bleak [Peer commentary on the paper "Decrease of Deaf potential in a mainstreamed environment" by K. S. Wolf]. Retrieved from http://www.personality research.org/papers/hall.ht wolf ? ? ? A. Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio. B. ?? ? ? C. ? Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from writer]. On title of album [Medium of recording CD, record, cassette, etc.] Location: Label. (Date of recording if different from song copyright date) ? ?
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shrinkrapradio.com/ 7. C Writer, A. A. (Writer), & Director, B, B. (Director). (Year). Title of episode (Television series episode). In Executive producer, C. C. (Executive producer), Title of television series. Location: Studio. ? Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (20056). Failure to communicate {Television series episode}. In D. Shore (Executive producer), House. New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting. 8. ? CD ? ? "Shadow and Frame" (lang, 2008, track 10) Artist, A. A. (Year). Title of music. On Title of album [CD]. Location: Label. ? lang, k. d. (2008). Shadow and the frame. On Watershed [CD]. New York, NY: Nonesuch Records. 9. ? Cartographer, A.A. (Cartographer). (Year). Title of information [Demographic map]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Lewis Country Geographic Information Services. (Cartographer). (2002). Population density, 2000 U. S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from http://www.co.lewis.wa.us/publicworks/maps/Demogra phics/census-pop-dens_2000.pdf ? ? 1. ? ? ? ? ? http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? 99 ? ? ? http://www.edu.tw/statistics/ content.aspx? site_ content_sn=8956 ? Word Excel ? ? ? ? ?
28

2. SAS SPSS

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? 3.

? ? ? ? ? http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? ? ? ? 岀

? 4. ? 5.

? ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of data file [Description of content]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Pew Hispanic Center (2004). Changing channels and crisscrossing cultures: A survey of Latinos on the news media [Data file and code book]. Retrieved from http://pewhidpanic.org/datasets/ 6. ? Word Excel SAS SPSS ? ? ? Title of program. (Version No.) [Computer software]. Location: Publisher. ? Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (Version 2) [Computer
7.

?

software]. Englewood, NJ: Biostat. ?

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of measurement. [Description of content]. Retrieved from http:///xxx.xxx.xxx

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producer.

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Eyelink, II [Apparatus and software]. (2004). Mississauga,
29

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?

Canada: SR Research. 岀 ? 1. ? ? ? 2. ? ? ? ? http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? ? ? 98 ? ERIC ? ? ?

93 http://www.edu.ndhu.edu.tw/note/notebook/93-1 /sch1-1_(08)931225.pdf 3. ? A 岀 ? Author, A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of unpublished manuscript. Unpublished manuscript, Name of University, Location. Blackwell, E., & Conrod, P. J. (2003). A five-dimensional measure of drinking motives. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. 4. ? B ? Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of manuscript. Manuscript submitted for publication. ? Ting, J. Y., Florsheim, P., & Huang, W. (2008). Mental health help-seeking in ethnic minority populations: A theoretical perspective. Manuscript submitted for publication. 5. ? ? Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). [Description of data]. Unpublished raw data. ? ? Bordi, F., & LeDoux, J. E. (1993). [Auditory response latencies in rat auditory cortex]. Unpublished raw data.

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?

6.

? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Mitchell, S. D. (2000). The import of uncertainty. Retrieved from http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/archive/00000162/ 7. ERIC Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work. Retrieved from ERIC database. (Call No.) ? Kubota, K. (2007). "Soaking" model for learning: Analyzing Japanese learning/teaching process from a sociohistorical perspective. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED498566)

1. ? ? 2. ? ? 3. ? ? 4. ? ?

A

? . 28 ? 5 26 002040200001010 ? .

B ? C ? ? 36 ? 5 A ? 6 5 14 008 01 02) ?

39

? ? 005

05

?

31

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?

5. ? ?

D

? ?

? ? ? ? ? ?

?

6. ? ?

? ? E

93 ? 8 4 ? ? ? ?

? ?

93 ? ? ? M ? H ? ? ? 002 05 16 ? 99 ? 7 28 ? ? ?

7. ? ? 8. ? 9.

F

A ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). [Letter to Addressee]. Name of Repository (Call, Box or File No.), Location. ? Frank, L. K.(1935, February 4). [Letter to Robert M. Ogden]. Rockefeller Archive Center (GEB series 1.3, Box 371, Folder 3877), Tarry town, NY. 10. B Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). [Letter to Addressee]. Copy in possession of Name of Collector. ? Zecharius, G. P. (1953, April 15). [Letter to William Rickel (W. Rickel, Trans.)]. Copy in possession of Hendrika Vande Kemp.

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?

11.

C

? ? Allport, G. W. 19030-1967, Allport to E. G. Boring, March1, 1939 Author, A. A. (Year-Year). Correspondence. Title of File (File No.). Name of Archive, Location. ? Allport, G. W. (1930-1967). Correspondence. Gordon W. Allport Papers (HUG 4118.10), Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, MA. 12. A ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of paper or lecture. Name of Box (Box No.). Name of Archive, Location. ? Berliner, A. (1959). Notes for a lecture on reminiscences of Wundt and Leipzig. Anne Berliner Memoir (Box M50). Archives of the History of American Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH. 13. B ? ca. ? circa [Author, A. ?.]. [ca. Year]. Title of work. Description of work. Name of Archive, Location. ? [Allport, A. ?]. [ca.1937]. Marion Taylor toda by the biographer. Unpublished manuscript, Marion Taylor Papers. Schlesinger Library, Radcliff College, Cambridge, MA. 14. C Name of Corporate. (Year, Month Day). Title of work. Title of File (File No.). Name of Archive, Location. ? Subcommittee on Mental Hygiene Personnel in School Programs. (1949, November 5-6). Meeting of Subcommittee on Mental Hygiene Personnel in School programs. David Shakow Papers (M1360). Archives of the History of American Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH.

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?

D ? ? ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Interview by B. B. Interviewer [Tape recording]. Description of Work. Name of Archive, Location. ? Smith, M. B. (1989, August 12). Interview by C. A. Kesler [Tape recording]. President's Oral History Project, American Psychological Association, APA Archives, Washington, DC. 16. E ? Author, A. A. (Year). Title of transcript/Interviewer: B. B. Interviewer. Name of Archive, Location. ? Sparkman, C. F. (1973). An oral history with Dr. Colley F. Sparkman/interviewer: Orley B. Caudill. Mississippi Oral History Program (Vol. 289), University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg. 17. F ? Title of article. (Year, Month Day). [Clipping from Newspaper]. Copy in possession of Name of Collector.. ? Psychoanalysis institute to open. (1948, September 18). [Clipping from an unidentified Dayton, Ohio Newspaper]. Copy in possession of author. 18. G ? ? ? Name of Publisher. (Year). Name of Publication [Description of publication]. Location: Author, A. A. Description of Content (File No.), Name of Archive, Location.. ? Sci-Art Publishers (1935). Sci-Art Publications [Brochure]. Cambridge, MA: Author, A. A. Roback Papers (HUGFP 104.50, Box 2, Folder "Miscellaneous Psychological Materials"), Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, MA.

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?

19. H ? [Photograph of Name]. (Year). File Name (File No.), Name of Archive, Location.. ? [Photographs of Robert M. Yerkes]. (ca. 1917-1954). Robert Mearns Yerkes Papers (Box 137, Folder 2292), Manuscript and Archives, Yale University Library, New Haven, CT. ? 1. ? A ? ? ? ? ? http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? 99 ? 8 26 ? ? http://discuss.tvbs.com.tw/ discuss_manager/DISCUSS_detail.asp?w=&opt=1&rd =1&P=1&K=0&discuss=A81510120021105235346&ti tle=20100826214811-219.84.180.33&win= 2. ? B 99 ? 8 21 http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? ? http://mail.tmue.edu.tw/cgi-bin/ openwebmail/openwebmail-read.pl?sessionid=tyl*mail .tmue.edu.tw-session-0.296938691378699&folder=IN BOX&page=1&longpage=0&sort=date_rev&msgdatet ype=sentdate&keyword=&searchtype=subject&messag e_id=%3C20100827013645.869B0FF41%40tmue.edu.t w%3E&action=readmessage&headers=simple&attmod e=simple&db_chkstatus=1 ? C ? ? ? ? ? http://xxx.xxx.xxx 007 97 ? 8 1 ? ? ? http://tw.myblog.yahoo. com/jw!rjB8c9aGHw5rwlbrSXN5aMPJSX9gdA--/artic
35

3. ?

APA

?

le?mid=2354&next=2327&l=f&fid=49 4. ? D ? ? ? ? ? http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? any296 97 ? 4 6 ? ? http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=-XaB3SHSyPg&feature=related 5. ? A ? ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Rampersad, T. (2005, June 8). Re: Traditional knowledge and traditional culture expressions [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/roller/comments/ pisforum/Webblog_theme_eight_how_can_cultural comments 6. ? B Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? Smith, S. (2006, January 5). Re: Disputed estimates of IQ [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ForensicNetwork/ message/670 7. ? C ? ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx ? MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web blog message]. Retrieved from http://asienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the _unfortunate_prerequisites.php 8. ? D ? ? Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx

36

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?

1. ? 2. ? ? 3. ? ? ?

Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs ? 219 224 ? ? ?? 88 ? 3001 89 ? 3 16

94 ? 12 ? ? ?

18

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94 ? 1 5. ? 6. ? ? ? ? ?

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? Name vs. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date). 1 ? ? Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F. Supp. 1078 (E.D. Wis. 1972) Lessard v. Schmidt (1972) 2 ? Durflinger v. Artiles, 563 F. Supp. 322 (D Kan, 1981), aff'd, 727 F.2d 888 (10th Ctr. 1984) Durflinger v. Artiles (1981/1984) 3 岀 ? ? Gilliard v. Oswald, No. 76-2109 (2d Cir. March 16, 1977)
37

APA

?

? ? 4 ? ? 5 ? ? ? 7.

Dougherty v. Royal Zenith Corp, No. 88-8666, 1991 U. S. Dist. LEXIS 10807, at *2 (E.D. Pa. July 31, 1991) Gustin v. Mathews, No. 76-7-C5 (D. Kan. Jan. 31, 1977) (LEXIX, Genfed library, Dist file). ? Court cases at the trial level Casey v. Pennsylvania-American Water Co., 12 Pa. D. & C.4th 168 (C.P. Washington County 1991) Davis v. Monsanto Co.,627 F. Supp. 418 (S.D. W.Va. 1986) ? ? Court cases at the appellate level Compton v. Commonwealth, 239 Va. 312, 389 S.E.2d 460 (1990) Texas v. Morales, 826 S.W.2d 201 (Tex. Ctr. App. 1992) Brown v. Board of Educ.,. 347 U.S. 483 (1954)

? Name of Act, Volume Source § section number (Year). 1 ? ? Mental Health Systems Act, 42 U.S.C. § 9407 (1988) 2 ? Mental Care and Treatment Act, 4 Kan. Stat. Ann §.§ 59-2901-2941 (1983 & Supp.1992) 3 ? ? Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C.A. § 12101 et seq. (West 1993). 8. ? ? 1 testimony/hearing Title, xxx Cong. (Date) ? RU486: The import ban and its effect on medical research: Hearing before Subcommittee on Regulation, Business Opportunities, and Energy, of the House Committee on Small Business, 101st Cong. 35 (1990) (testimony of Ronald Chesemore). RU486: The Import Ban (1990)

38

APA

?

?

2 ? ? 3 ?

Urban America's need for social services to strengthen families: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, 102d Cong. 1 (1992). Urban America's Need (1992) ? bill resolution ? H.R. ? ? S. Equitable Health Care for Severe Mental Illness Act of 1993, H. R. 1563, 103d Cong. (1993). Equitable Health Care for Severe Mental Illness Act of 1993, S. 671, 103d Cong. (1993). ? S. Res. 107, 103d Cong., 139 Cong. Rec. 5826 (1993) (enacted). Senate Resolution 107 (1993) (S. Res. 107, 1993) S. Rep. No. 102-114, at 7 (1991). Senate Report No. 102-114 (1991) 1991)

4 ?

(S. Rep. No. 102-114,

9.? 1 ? federal regulation Title/Number, Volume Source § xxx(Year). ? FDA Prescription Drug Advertising Rule, 21 C.F.R. § 202 1 (2006). 2 ? ? executive order Exec. Ordwer No. xxxx, 3 C.F.R. Page (Year). ? Exec. Ordwer No. 11,609, 3 C.F.R. 586 (1971-1974), reprinted as amended in 3 U.S.C. 301 app. At 404-07 (1994). 10. ? ? Smith I. M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. U.S. Patent No. 123,445 (1988)
39

APA

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? p., pp., Rep. ? 106-111 AL, CA, IL, MI, NY, TX, WI, DC

chap., ed., Ed., Eds., Trans., ? 1 ?

1

Alabama Alaska American Samoa Arizona Arkansas California Canal Zone Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Guam Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana

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Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee

MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA PR RI SC SD TN

40

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Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi

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Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Virgin Islands Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

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42

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? Table 1 Error Rates of Older and Younger Groups

? Table 1 Error Rates of Older and Younger Groups

(continued) 4. 1 ? ? 2 3 4 n2 = 32. ?? ? ? ?
a

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n1 = 25.

5. 1 2 3

?? *p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001. two-tailed test one-tailed * + *p <. 05. +p < .05. ( ) ?? Note a ? ? ?? n1 = 25. n2 = 32. From Adapted from ? ? *p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001. two-tailed test
43

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* + *p <. 05, two-tailed. +p < .05, one-tailed. 6. ?? A ? ? ?? ? ?? “Title of Article,” by A. A. Author, 1995, Title of Journal, xx(xx), p. xx. ? ?? ? 90 ? ? 42 111 ? ?? “Relationship of Personal-Social Variables to Belief in Paternalism in Parent Caregiving Situations” by V. G. Cicirelli, 1990, Psychology and Aging, 5, 436. 7. ?? B ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ? Title of Book (p. xxx), by A. A. Author, 1995, Place: Publisher. ?? 87 23-24 ?

one-tailed

?? The functions of the executive (p.26), by C. I. Barnard, 1971, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 8. ?? A ? ? Note. From “Title of Article,” by A. A. Author and B. B. Author, Year, Title of Journal, xx(xx), p. xx. Copyright Year by the Name of Copyright Holder. ? Note. From “Relationship of Personal –Social Variables to Belief in Paternalism in Parent Caregiving Situations,” by V. G. Cicirelli, 1990, Psychology and Aging, 5, 436. Copyright 1990 by the American Psychological Association. 9. ?? B ? ? Note. From Title of Book (p. xxx), by A. A. Author, Year, Place: Publisher. Copyright Year by the Name of Copyright Holder. ? Note. From The functions of the executive (p. 26), by C. I. Barnard, 1971, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Copyright 1971 by the Harvard University.
44

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10.

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? APA ? df F ?B ? ?

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ANOVA

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? M 4.18 3.80 3.57 n = 209 SD 95%CI 1.32 [4.00, 4.36] 1.41 [3.61, 3.99] 1.43 [3.38, 3.77] ? M 3.89 3.65 3.36 n = 362 SD 95% CI 1.33 [3.75, 4.03] 1.40 [3.51, 3.80] 1.39 [3.21, 3.50]

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79 8

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45

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1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. ?? ? ? 5 1 1.? 2. ?? 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ?? *p < .05. **p < .01 ?4 ?

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? 3 .54* .49*

4 .61* .82* .38

5 .76* .75* .56* .75*

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30(1)

17

46

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1.? 2. ?? 3. 4. 5. M SD .76* .55* .71* .70* 1.50 3.84

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30(1) 17 *p < .05. **p < .01

47

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? 7

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t

M ? 2.79 3.60 3.58

SD 0.89 0.83 0.82

M 2.61 3.13 3.26

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p

95% CI LL UL 0.42 0.38 0.70

Cohen’s d 0.72 0.85 0.75

.12 -0.06 .06 -0.05 .10 -0.08

CI = LL = UL = “Early Predictors of Job Burnout and Engagement,” by C. Maslach and M. Leiter, 2008, Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, p.509. ? 8 ?? ?? A S A×S S within-group error df 2 1 2 30 F 0.76 0.01 0.18 (16.48) .22 .02 .11 p .48 .92 .84 ?7 ??

B 4 3.27** .31 .01 B×A 8 0.93 .24 .49 B×S 4 2.64* .28 .04 B×A S 8 0.58 .19 .79 B S within-group error 120 (1.31) ? S subjects “The Relation of Drive to Finger-Withdraw Conditioning,” by M. F. Elias, 1965, Journal of experimental Psychology, 70, p. 114. *p < .05. **p < .01

48

APA

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? B SE B 0.84 0.17 -0.01 0.00 ?? 0.28 0.28 ? 0.13 -0.27 R2=.285 n=3,489 ?? 97 ? 153 **p < .01. ***p < .001 ? 10 ? ? .918 .905 .891 -.003 -.006 .006 .233 .203 .423 -.008 -.041 .026 .031 -.048 .391 ? >.400 -.023 -.018 .026 .910 .868 .852 .136 .163 .090 .344 .392 .465 .133 .126 .007 ? ?9

β
0.28*** -0.27*** 0.18*** 0.17*** ? ?

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49

APA

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n =154 281.89 27 .00 10.44 .21 .76 .20 .55 .44 .58 .59 .45 .41 1.59 317.89 395.26 38(3) 238 53.81 27 .00 1.99 .07 .94 .90 .90 .93 .95 .95 .56 .56 0.45 89.81 167.18 25.78 24 .09 1.07 .00 .99 .98 .92 .98 .99 .99 .65 .53 0.33 47.78 138.05

χ2 ? df >.05 ? ?

χ2/df <3 RMSEA <.05 GFI >.9 ? AGFI >.9 ? NFI >.9 NNFI >.9 CFI >.9 ? IFI >.9 ? PNFI >.5 ? PGFI >.5 ? ECVI

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50

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*p < .05. ***p < .001

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2(2) 178

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51

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? ? ? ? “Adolescents' reports of parental engagement and academic achievement in immigrant families,” by S. Plunkett, A. Behnke, T. Sands, and B. Choi, 2009, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(2), p.264. Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global (Document ID:1632836371) doi:10.1007/s10964-008-9325-4 2

52

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4

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? ? ? “Adolescents' reports of parental engagement and academic achievement in immigrant families,” by S. Plunkett, A. Behnke, T. Sands, and B. Choi, 2009, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(2), p.264. Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global (Document ID:1632836371) doi:10.1007/s10964-008-9325-4

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54

APA

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4. t (177) = 3.51, p <.001, d = 0.56, 95% CI [0.35, 0.95] 5.χ2(3, N = 65) = 15.83, p = .04 p < .05 6. ANOVA, MANOVA, GLM

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APA ? ? ? ? ? 1. 2. ? 3. ?? 4. ? ? ? 1. ? ? 2. 3. 4. ? 5. ? 6. 7. 8. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Times New Roman ? ? ? (hyphen) ? ? ? ? ? ? APA ? ? ? ? ?

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59


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我校英语专业本科学位论文撰写统一按 APA 要求,格式上应做到前后一致。 一、文...细节:在书名后用括号写出第几版,版本字体为正体。 ( 2)编撰的书籍 Gibbs, J...
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论文格式精华_院校资料_高等教育_教育专区。英语论文写作格式精华英语...But APA and MLA are two commonly used ones. Both can be found in “...
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第六,没有参考文献。并不是学生忘了写参考文献,而是除了相应的教科书,他 们...心理学论文写作规范APA格... 57页 4下载券 APA写作格式 暂无评价 17页 免费...
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APA 论文写作格式 我的自留地 2009-06-02 10:16 阅读 115 评论 0 字号: 大中小 本手冊之論文格式寫作格式範例主要參考美國心理學會出版之 APA 手冊(第版)。...
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Assciation)参考文献范例) 参考数据(APA (American ...(五)引用未发表的博硕士论文时,书写格式为「作者...2. 胪列参考文献之作者>六位以上,仅需列至第六位...
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