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高中英语必修一Unit2English around the world


Warming up and reading

Can you name some countries in which English is a native language?

English Around the World

the United Kingdom the USA Ireland Austra

lia New Zealand

Canada

South Africa

? This

unit seeks to give us a better understanding of how English developed and how it is spoken in the world.

Questions

Which language do you think is the most widely used language in the world? Do you think Chinese can be a world language? Why?

Br E & Am.E

When you hear two native speakers of English, they may still not speak the same kind of English.

The differences between British English and American English.

vocabulary

spelling

BrE autumn typhoon I think colour centre traveller

AmE fall tornado I guess color center traveler

pronunciation dance [da:ns] dance[d?ns] not [not] not [na:t]

Chinese
电梯 汽油 公寓 秋天 地铁 大学 垃圾 垃圾箱 假期 两周

AmE lift elevator petrol gas, gasoline flat apartment autumn fall undergroun subway d university college rubbish garbage dustbin trash can holiday vacation

BrE

Am E neighborhood labor color honorable humor favorite theater kilometer

Br E neighbourhood labour colour honourable humour favourite theatre kilometre

Match the words that have the same meaning. petrol eraser flat gas color apartment lift elevator rubber honour honor colour pictures movies underground subway

Pre-reading
Read the title “The Road to Modern English” and predict (预测) what the passage is mainly about?
The road to modern English The road

the development of English language

The Road to Modern English

Para1: More and more people speak English.

①At the end of… ②Later in the next century… ③Today…
Para2: Native English speakers can understand each other but

not everything.

Para 3-4: English is changing over time. (cultures & places)

Para 5:
English is spoken as a foreign or second language in many countries.

Choose the main idea of the text. B
A. How to learn English well B. The brief history of Modern English C. The way to England

D. The difference between Modern
English and Old English

Scanning 1. English had the most speakers in the 17th century. T F



2. English developed when new settlers and rulers came to Britain. T F

√ 3. Languages frequently change. T F √

4. The language of the government is always the language of the country. T F 5. English is one of the official languages used in India. T F





6. This reading describes the development of the English language. T F



Careful reading: Para 1--Development of English
people
today the end of the 16th century

the next century More people speak in more countries

England

Many other countries

Para 2
If an American is talking to an Englishman, A _______. A. They will have almost no difficulty in understanding B. They will have a lot of misunderstandings between each other C. The American finds it difficult to understand the Englishman D. The English man finds it difficult to follow the American

Read Para 3 and answer the question:
Why does English change over time?

Because of cultural communication.

Para 3-4 How has English changed over time?
AD 450-1150 was based more on German
1150-1500

more like French (rule)

In the 1600’s Shakespeare made use of a wider vocabulary American Dictionary of the English American English (identity) Language

British people went to Australia

Australian English

The history of the English language
The road to modern English AD 450- English was based more on German _______. 1150

less AD 800- English became _____ like German ruled 1150 Because those who _____ England spoke first Danish and later French.
In the 1600s

Shakespeare _____________ made use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.

The road to modern English In 1620 Some British settlers moved to _________. America Later in Some British people were taken the 18th to __________. Australia
century
17651947

English became the language for government and education _________________________.

By the 19th century

Now

The road to modern English The English language was settled. Two big changes in _______________ happened: Samuel English spelling dictionary Johnson wrote his __________ and Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of _____________________________ the English Language. ____________________ English is also spoken as a foreign or second language _____________ in South Asia South Africa China _____________ _______ and so on.

Two important persons in Para 4
Samuel Johnson
Born: September 18, 1709

Write a dictionary
One of the English language’s most profound influences.

Noah Webster Born: October 16, 1758 Died: May 28, 1843 When Noah was 43, he started writing the first American dictionary. He did this because Americans in different parts of the country spelled, pronounced and used words differently.

Para 5
Why is India mentioned in the last paragraph? A. Because India is a typical country who A speaks English as a second language because of its long being ruled by Britain. B. Because India has a very large number of English speakers. C. Because India is a country where English plays a very important role in social life. D. Because India has a long history of communication with Britain.

English is used as…
A first language in the UK, USA, Canada, Australia, South Africa, Ireland and New Zealand and so on. A second language
in India, Pakistan, Nigeria the Philippines, and HK and so on. A foreign language

in China, and so on.

Conclusion

Language can change with time.

Language can change when cultures communicate with each other.

time

place

Choose the correct answer.
1. English has/had the most speakers____. A A. now B. when the British ruled many parts of the world C. in the time of Shakespeare D. in the 12th century 2. Which of the following statements is true? A. Languages always stay the same. D B. Languages change only after wars. C. Languages no longer change. D. Languages change when cultures change.

3. From AD 450 to 1150, English sounded more like _____. C A.French B. Chinese C. German D. Russian 4. Shakespeare’s English was spoken around _____. D A. 1400’s B. 1150’s C. 450’s D. 1600’s 5. Which country has the fastest growing number of English speakers in the world? A. Australia B. China B C. India D. Britain

Read the text carefully and answer the following questions. 1. What is the clue of the passage? Time. 2. When did people from England begin to move to other parts of the world? In the 17th century.

3. Why does India have a large number of English speakers? India was ruled by Britain from 1765 to 1947. And during that time English became the language for government and education.

Retell the text.
At first, only people in ________ spoke English. England

Later, people from England _______ to other moved
parts, so English began to be spoken in

______ _____ _________. Today, _______ people many other countries more
first speak English as their _____, second or foreign

language. _______ English speakers _____ Native can not everything understand each other but ____ ___________.

cultures All languages change when ________ communicate with one another. So there are British English, American English, Australian English and so on. They all have their own ________. identity English is also spoken as a foreign or second language in _____ ____ countries many other _______. Maybe one day Chinese English will become one of the world English.

1. Do you think it matters what kind
of English you learn? Why?

2. Why do you think people all over
the world want to learn English?

To use for business

To use in school

To talk to native speakers

Why do so many people want to learn English ?

To read English books

To write to pen friends

To listen to English music and movies

Homework
1. Memorize the new words.

2. Retell the passage.
3. Finish exercises in Learning about language.


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