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非谓语动词讲解和练习


非谓语动词
一、 接省 to 的动词不定式,即动词原形做宾语补足语的动词: 我们的“4-3-2-1”法则 4 看:look at, watch, see, notice 3 使役:make, let, have 2 听:listen to, hear 1 感觉:feel 再加上一个 help, help sb to do sth 或 help sb do sth 都可以

,但是以 help sb do sth 为经常 注意:英语中有一些词后面常跟动名词作宾语。我们初中阶段常见的有: 二、finish, mind, be worth, be busy, practice, have fun, have trouble/problem(in), spend...(in), feel like, be used to(习惯于), give up, keep on, consider, suggest, can't help。 我们可按下面的顺口溜记忆这些词。 完成实践值得忙(finish, practice, be worth, be busy) 继续习惯别放弃(keep on, be used to, give up) 考虑建议不禁想(consider, suggest, can't help, feel like) 喜欢思念要介意(enjoy, miss, mind) 1. keep doing 坚持做某事 2. practise doing sth. 练习做某事 3. keep sb. doing 使某人一直做某事 4. enjoy doing 喜欢做某事 5. finish doing 完成做某事 6. be afraid of doing 害怕做某事 7. be busy doing 忙于做某事 8. how about doing//what about doing 做某事怎么样 9. spend some time (in)doing 花时间做某事 10. spend some money (in) buying 花钱做某事 11. feel like doing 想做某事 12. stop/keep/prevent ? from doing 阻止某人做某事 13. thank sb for doing 感谢某人做某事 14. thanks for doing 感谢做某事 15. do some cooking/cleaning/reading/shopping/washing 做点饭、打扫一下卫生、读点书、逛逛街、洗洗衣服 16. go swimming/fishing/shopping/skating/boating 去游泳、钓鱼、逛街、滑冰、划船 17. mind doing 介意做某事 18. can’t help doing 情不自禁做某事 19. have fun/difficulty/trouble/problem doing sth. 做某事有趣、有困难、有困难、有困难 20. waste time/money doing 浪费时间、钱做某事 21. instead of doing 代替做某事 22. miss doing 错过做某事 含有不带 to 的动词不定式句型: 1. had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做某事 2. would you please (not) do sth. 你可以做某事吗? 3. why not do sth. 为什么不做某事? 4. why don’t you do sth. 为什么你不做某事? 5. Shall we do sth.? 我们要做某事吗? 6. let sb do sth. 让某人做某事 7. make/have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 含有带 to 的动词不定式句型: 1. It’s time to do sth. 现在是做某事的时候了 2. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花了某人时间 3. tell/ask/want/encourage/invite/ sb. to do sth. 告诉、叫、想、鼓励、邀请某人做某事 4. Would you like to do sth.? 你想做某事吗/ 5. It’s good/bad to do sth. 做某事好、不好 6. It’s good/bad for sb.to do sth. 某人做某事好、不好 7. be+adj.+enough to do sth. 足够+形容词做某事 8. sb. is ready to do sth. 某人准备好做某事 9. It’s+adj.+ for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人+形容词(做这件事对你好) 10. It’s+adj.+ of sb. to do sth. 某人做某事+形容词 (你做这件事真好) 11. would like/love /decide/want/wish/to do sth. 想、喜欢、决定、想、希望做某事 12. would like/love sb. to do sth. 想、喜欢某人做某事 13. Prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 I prefer to stay at home rather than go out. 我宁愿呆在家里不愿出去 14. how/ when/where/whether to do sth 怎么、什么时候、在哪里、要不要做某事 15. can’t wait to do 迫不及待做某事 16. too ? to do ? 太怎么样而不能做某事 17. be afraid /ready/able/sure to do 害怕、准备、能够、确定做某事 四、既用带 to 的动词不定式又用 ing 形式的句型: 1.stop to do/ doing 停下来做另一件事 停止做某事 2.forget to do/ doing 忘记去做某事 忘记做过某事 3.remember to do/doing 记住去做某事 记得做过某事 4.go on to do/doing 继续做另一件事 继续做某事 5.like to do/doing 喜欢做某事(临时、长期) 6.love to do/doing 喜欢做某事 (临时、长期) 7.prefer to do/doing 更喜欢做某事 (临时、长期) 8.hate to do/doing 讨厌做某事 (临时、长期) 五、下列结构用带 to 的动词不定式和 ing 形式含义相同: 1.begin to do/doing 开始做某事 2.start to do/doing 开始做某事 3.continue to do/doing 继续做某事 六、既用不带 to 的动词不定式又用现在分词的句型: 用不带 to 的动词不定式强调动作的完成过程;用现在分词强调动作的进行状态。 1.hear sb do sth./doing 听见某人做某事 听见某人正在做某事 2.listen sb do sth./doing 听某人做某事 听某人正在做某事 3.look at sb do sth./doing 看某人做某事 看某人正在做某事 4.see sb do sth./doing 看见某人做某事 看见某人正在做某事 5.watch sb do sth./doing 观察某人做某事 观察某人正在做某事 6.notice sb do sth./doing 注意到某人做某事 注意到某人正在做某事

Ⅰ. 填空 (A) 用括号中的动词适当形式填空 1.We are so glad ________ (hear) the news. 2.I saw him ________ (cross) the road safely and ________ (run) away. 3.You can’t make him ________ (do) what you want. 4.I don’t know where ________ (meet) him. 5.What makes you ________ (think) I’m a farmer? 6.Did you see him ________ (go) upstairs? 7.It is better ________ (put) your money in a bank. 8.It is difficult for the boy ________ (swim) across the river. 9.I let him ________ (go) early as he wanted ________ (meet) his uncle at the station. 10.Will you help me ________ (move) the bed? 11.If he doesn’t know, how ________ (use) the recorder, you’d better ________ (show) him. 12.He is the last one ________ (leave) the office every day. 13.It’s bad manners ________ (shout) in public. 14.The boy is old enough ________ (dress) himself. 15.She is too ill ________ (go) to school. (B) 填入动名词的适当形式. 1.Can you imagine yourself ______ in a lonely island? (stay) 2.I can't understand your ______ at that poor child.(laugh) 3.She didn't mind _______ overtime.(work) 4.To make a living, he tried _______, ________,and various other things, but he had failed in all .(write; paint) 5.We are looking forward to Mary's________ . (come) . 6.She was praised for _______ the life of the child.(save) 7.She ought to be praised instead of ______ (criticize). 8.Is there any possibility of our ______ the championship?(win) 9.He came to the party without _______(invite) 10. Don’t keep me __________(wait) for a long time. 11. Knives are used for ______________(cut) things. 12. Can you finish ___________(read) the book in three days? 13. The doctor was busy ____________(operate) on the boy at that time. 14. Stop ___________(talk) and listen to me carefully. 15. Thank you very much for ____________(help) us. 16. Granny is very ill and she doesn’t feel like ___________(eat) anything. 17. The girl enjoys ___________(listen) to light music. 18. Do you remember ___________(buy) me a beautiful skirt on my 13th birthday? 19. We couldn’t help _________(laugh) after we heard the funny story. 20. What about ___________(go) out for a walk? 实战演练(一) 1. I’m thirsty. Will you get me something ____? A. drink B. to drink C. eat D. eating 2. It was great fun _____ a picnic on the hill. A. to have B. of having C. have D. had 3. It’s bad for your eyes ____ computer games for a long time. A. plays B. to play C. play D. played 4. ----Do you often hear John ____ in his room? ----Yes. Listen! Now we can hear him ____ in his room. A. sing; to sing B. singing; singing C. sing; singing D. to sing; singing 5. Why not ____? A. let him to go home B. to let him go home C. let him go home D. to let him to go home 6. They were made ____ fourteen hours a day. A. work B. working C. worked D. to work 7. Is it always easier ____ friends than to keep them? A. making B. make C. to make D. made 8. It ____ Jack twenty minutes ____ the math problem yesterday. A. took; to work out B. takes; worked out C. has taken; work out D. is taking; working out 9. When you leave, don’t forget ____ off the light. A. to turn B. turning C. turn D. turned 10. Who do you think you’d like ____? A. to make friends B. make friends C. to make friends with D. make friends with 11. Although Jeff loves KFC, he tries ____ it too often. A. to eat B. not eat C. to not eat D. not to eat 12. ----Hi, Betty. Shall we go swimming this Sunday? ----This Sunday? I am sorry, I have a lot of homework ____ this Sunday. A. to do B. done C. do D. to be done 13. Sally had no pen ____ yesterday morning. A. to write B. to write with C. writing D. writing with 14. John asked David how ____ Christmas. A. celebrating B. to celebrate C. to be celebrated D. celebrate 15. We all considered Mr Zhao ____ teacher. A. be the best B. to be the best C. being best D. being the best

16. It’s very kind ____ you to ____ me ____ the heavy bag. A. for; tell; to take B. of; thank; for C. to; speak; to have D. of; help; carry 17. Have you decided ____? A. to go with whom B. whom to go with C. whom go with D. with whom to go 18. Her hope ____ a gold medal in the 2008 Olympic Games. A. to win B. is to win C. winning D. will win 19. The meeting room is big enough ____ one hundred people. A. holding B. hold C. to hold D. holds 20. Would you please pass me the knife ____? A. to cut the watermelon with B. to cut the watermelon C. cutting the watermelon D. cutting the watermelon with 21. It is better to teach a man to fish than ____ him fish. A. giving B. to give C. gives D. gave 22. The policeman warned the young man____ after drinking. A. never to drive B. to never drive C. never driving D. never drive 23. What do you think is the best way ____the wild animals? A. protecting B. to protect C. protected D. protect 24. I’d rather ____ on the land ____ in a factory. A. work; than work B. work; work C. to work; than to work D. to work; to work 25. My grandfather is used ____ a hat in winter. A. to wear B. for wearing C. wearing D. to wearing 26. I’m sorry ____ you enough help. A. have given B. of not giving C. not to have given D. to have given 27. Some students from Grade 9 ____ do some ____ for the old. A. volunteered to; clean B. volunteered; cleaning C. volunteered to; cleaning D. volunteered; clean 28. The young man was often seen ____ by the lake. A. to draw B. to drawing C. draw D. drew 29. Tom is ____ to make a living by himself. A. very old B. too young C. too big D. too strong 30. I find ____ him all about it. A. necessary to tell B. that necessary to C. necessary it to tell D. it necessary to tell 31. The old man seems ____ in a great hurry. A. be B. to be C. being D. to being 32. I ____ the same neighborhood with the lovely girl. A. happened living in B. happened to live in C. was happening living in D. was happening to live 33. It’s time for supper now. Let’s ______ it. A. stop to have B. stop having C. to stop to have D. to stop having 34. You are not expected ____ such long hours. A. to work B. working C. worked D. work 35. His father agreed ____ $ 4,000 for the car. A. with paying B. to paying C. to pay D. on paying 36. The man pretended ____ when we saw him. A. to be eaten B. eating C. being eating D. to be eating 37. He doesn’t know _____. A. when to do B. what to do C. how to do D. where to do 38. Today we use machines _____ us do most of our work. A. to help B. help C. helping D. helped 39. She preferred me _____ there. A. to stay B. would stay C. I stay D. stay 40. We’re going to help _____ the trees. A. watered B. watering C. to watering D. water 参考答案 I、(A)1.to hear 2.cross, run 3.do 4.to meet 5.think 6.go 7.to put 8.to swim 9.go, to meet 10.(to) meet 11.to use, show 12.to leave 13.to shout 14.to dress 15.to g o (B) 1.staying 2.laughing 3.working 4.writing; painting 5.coming 6.having saved 7.being criticized 8.winning 9.being invited 10. waiting 11. c utting 12. reading 13. operating 14.talking 15. helping 16.eating 17. listening 18.buying 19.laughing 20. going II、 1. how to spend your holiday 2. to play with fire 3. to fly around the earth 4. to report his own story 5. to cross the road 6. to work out these difficult problems 7. work ten hours every day 8. what to say at the meeting 9. where to buy this book 10. When and where to hold the meeting Ⅲ .1. to work 2. how to get 3. to have 4. to visit 5. to say 6. enough to carry 7. took, to do 8. to go to 9. seems to be 10. to listen to 实战演练(一) 1—5 BABCC 6---10 DCAAC 11---15 DABBB 16---20 DBBCA 21—25 BABAD 26---30 CCABD 31—35 BBAAC 36—40 DBAAD


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