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宜家纸托盘技术规范


宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

Pap

er Pallet Specification 宜家纸托盘技术规范
PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS PAPER PALLET SPECIFICATION DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A CONTRACTUALLY BINDING DOCUMENT AND IT IS ONLY TO BE USED IN CHINA.

Page 1 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

1.

Foreword 前言 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
1.1. What is paper pallet? 什么是纸托盘 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 1.2. Advantages/Disadvantage 主要优缺点-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 1.3. Background 背景 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3

2.

Full Pallet structure 托盘结构 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4
2.1. Foot 托盘脚 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 2.2. Top panel 托盘面板 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 5

3.

Design Principles 设计基本原则---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6
3.1. Foot size: 托盘脚尺寸 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 3.2. Foot Construction: 托盘脚结构 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6 3.3. The minimum distance for hand-jack overall fork’s width 手动叉车进叉要求 ---------------------------------------------------- 6 3.4. Entrances of pallet for forklift 进叉方向 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7 3.5. Other design requirement 其他的设计要求 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8 3.6. Example 举例 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9

4.

Materials specification and select rules 材料及选用规则 ---------------------------------------------------- 9
4.1. Top panel: 托盘面板 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 4.2. Pallet foot: 托盘脚 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 4.3. Selected rules of material 托盘面板和角的选用法则 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10

5. 6. 7.

Dimension & Loading capacity 托盘标准尺寸及承载能力 -------------------------------------------------12 Quality 质量 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 Operation guide & Verification 操作指引&检验方法 -------------------------------------------------------13

Appendix(附录) A: Test Methods for paper pallet 纸托盘的测试方法-----------------------------------------14
1 Pallet feet compression test 托盘脚抗压测试 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 2 Honeycomb compression test 蜂窝面板抗压测试 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 3 Shear Strength of adhesive and Tensile Strength of Kraft 粘接剂剪切强度或者表面纸的拉伸强度 ------------------------------ 15

Appendix (附录) B: Overhang issues and Solutions 超长超宽托盘的现象及解决办法 ---------------------16

Page 2 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

1. Foreword 前言
1.1. What is paper pallet? 什么是纸托盘
A paper pallet made of corrugated Board and paper materials designed and strengthen to withstand different degree of weight application. A paper pallet specifically designed to handle IKEA unitization and palletized requirements. 纸托盘是由瓦楞纸板构成,并且它应用承载不同程度的重量的产品,此外它可以使宜家的产品包装托盘化,从而便于机械 装卸,储运和管理。

1.2. Advantages/Disadvantage 主要优缺点
Advantages 优点 - Good Stacking performance 良好的承载能力 - Light weight 重量轻 - Recyclable 材料可回收 - Lower cost 成本较低 - Environmental friendly 环保 - Customized/Flexible 可定制的/灵活的 - Increase FR 可提高装柜率 Figure 1-1 Disadvantage 缺点 - Compare with wooden pallet, its loading performance not good 相对于木托盘,其装载能力不佳 - Poor at water/wet resistant 防水防潮性能不佳 - NOT reusable 不可循环使用

Advantages/Disadvantage 优缺点

1.3. Background 背景
IKEA used paper pallet instead of wooden pallet for international ocean shipping, it is increasing the filling rate by reducing the height of pallet and uniformed the size of pallet, and the price of paper pallet is much lower than wooden pallet. The transport cost decrease a lot by using paper pallet in IKEA IKEA will also phase-out the usage of wooden pallet on supply chain (HM NOW) and use only paper pallet to move UL between DC and store. This means that the quality of the paper pallet is more and more important, we cannot take safety risk when store or DC will store the UL on 6 or 7 levels on their racking system. 宜家纸托盘主要应用于国际间海上集装箱运输包装, 它的使用增加海运集装箱的装柜率,并且纸托盘的价格远远低于木制托 盘,因此纸托盘的使用大大减少了运输及采购成本. 在整个供应链当中,宜家将不再使用木托盘而是只使用纸托盘作为承载托盘来进行物流中心和商场之间的配送。且外我们 也不敢冒着任何风险来储存单元货物包装在 6 层或者 7 层高的货架上面,这就意味着纸托盘的质量是越来越重要了。

Page 3 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

2. Full Pallet structure 托盘结构
Paper pallet 纸托盘的构成: Paper pallet is made up of 1 top panel and several feet。 纸托盘是由一片托盘面板及多个托盘脚组成的 - Top panel (面板): 1 pcs of top panel, it is to link/connect the feet and palletize product on top of this panel. 每个托盘包含一片托盘面板,其功能是将托盘脚连接在面板上使其按规定的位置排列,并且起到组合托盘上货物的作用。 - Pallet foot (托盘脚): Several pieces of feet to support the weight on top of the pallet and maintain height space for forklift entry . 多个托盘脚主要起到支撑托盘上货物重量及方便叉车进叉的功能

Figure 2-1

2.1. Foot 托盘脚
Feet should be glued on the top panel, and every foot is made up of 1 wrap Board and an insert, the insert brick should be full filled wrap Board with 5 sides glued。托盘脚应当被牢牢的粘在面板上,每一个托盘脚由一个外套盒与一个脚芯构成,脚芯必须 填充满外套盒,并且 5 个面涂胶水(建议使用过胶机来过胶)。

Construction 1 结构 1:
Wrap Board: Figure 2-2 外套盒:如图所示 Inside filler: Combined corrugated Board (flute direction: vertical) 脚芯: 瓦楞纸板复合块(瓦楞方向:竖直)

Construction 2 结构 2:
Circular construction 环状结构外盒:如图 Inside filler: Combined corrugated Board (flute direction: vertical) 脚芯: 瓦楞纸板复合块(瓦楞方向:竖直) Bottom paper: 底纸 Figure 2-3

Figure 2-4

Page 4 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

2.2. Top panel 托盘面板
- Paper based Board (Corrugated Board, Honeycomb, Corrugated Board + Honeycomb,Corrugated composite) 面板的材料应基于纸质材料为主(例如: 瓦楞纸板,蜂窝纸板,蜂窝纸板+瓦楞纸板复合,瓦楞复合板) Panel variety 面板组合分类: Type Picture 类型 图片 Minimum Level 构成 Remark 备注
IKEA110-BC Flute or BE flute

A

IKEA110 Or IKEA230

IKEA230-EBE or other Flute

IKEA110-BC Flute +IKEA80-C Flute:

B

IKEA110+ Cross IKEA80 Or IKEA260

Ikea 260-EBBE or other flute

C

IKEA110+Cross-KEA110 Or IKEA260

IKEA110-BC Flute + IKEA110-BC Flute:

D

IKEA40+ Honeycomb+ Cross-IKEA40

E

IKEA110+Honeycomb+ Cross-KEA110

F

IKEA110+Composite Corrugated Board + Cross-IKEA110

Figure 2-5

Page 5 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

3. Design Principles 设计基本原则
3.1. Foot size: 托盘脚尺寸
Foot type 托盘角种类 Size(Unit: mm) 尺寸 A 240x90x(50) B Standard 标准尺寸 C 180x90x(50) Figure 3-1 D 120x90x(50) E 90x90x(50) Non-Standard 非标 / Need approval

180x120x(50)

3.2. Foot Construction: 托盘脚结构
We don‘t allow hollow foot construction, below examples are wrong construction for foot 我们不允许以下空心结构的托盘角.

Figure 3-2

3.3. The minimum distance for hand-jack overall fork’s width 手动叉车进叉要求
Hand jack Technical Details: 手动叉车的技术参数: Rated capacity 750 kg Steer wheels ?175x56 Nylon Fork wheels ?35x90 Nylon Height of lowered fork 35±5mm Lift height 135 mm Width over forks 530 mm Fork width 156 mm Fork thickness 30 mm Fork length 600/800/1150 mm

Figure 3-3

Remark: Minimum distance between 2 side feet (即:同一方向相隔最远两脚间最小距离) The minimum distance of overall hand-jack should be over 540mm, 手动叉车全部的最小进叉宽度应大于 540mm

Figure 3-4

Page 6 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

NOTE1: This is valid for all types of one-way handling materials and unit load types except the half pallet (BL/BL) as this is only to be handled 2-way, other unit load types with narrow goods also excluded. 提示:除半托(BL/BL)只可以从 2 个方向进行手动叉车操作的原因外,所有其他类别的一次性搬运材料都应满足如上的尺 寸要求(540mm)。但是部分包装窄货物的单元货物类别也除外。 NOTE2: Paper pallet must be constructed in such way that it can be handled by forklifts according to below rules: 纸托盘的设计必须按照以下原则: Unit load type Forklift handling Hand jack handling 托盘种类 叉车操作 手动叉车 AL 4-ways 4-ways BL 2-ways 2-ways DL 4-ways 4-ways NOTE3: Placement of the feet can be done in different ways but the feet are not allowed to be placed in the Hatched zone. The hatched zone is intended for the placement of the fork when handling the pallet in a store. Figure 3-5 shows the hatched zone for a 800 x 600 paper board. Figure 3-6 shows the hatched zone for a 1200 x 800 mm paper board. Figure 3-7 shows the hatched zone for a 2000 x 800 mm paper board. 托盘角的再拖盘面板上面分布有各种各样,但是我们把不允许放置在以下阴影线的区域,因为这些区域是用来在商店里面 的进叉搬运,而且中间位置必须设定一个托盘角。 Figure 3-5 显示的阴影区域是BL托盘进叉区域 Figure 3-6显示的阴影区域是AL托盘的进叉区域 Figure 3-7 显示的阴影区域是DL托盘进叉区域

Figure 3-5

Figure 3-6

Figure 3-7

3.4. Entrances of pallet for forklift 进叉方向
The one-way handling material shall be constructed to be handled by forklifts according to the rules shown below table. 4-way handling means that you can handle the unit load from both the long and the short sides while 2-way means handling from either the long or the short sides 应按照以下规则来制作一次性纸托盘,这样才能符合叉车搬运:4-way操作指在长边和短边都可以操作。2-way指只能在长 边或短边操作。 Rule:即在设计托盘时亦应按照如下规则。 Unit load type 单元货物种类 AL BL DL Forklift-handling 叉车操作 4 - way(方向) 2 - way(方向) 4 - way(方向)

Figure 3-8

Figure3-9

Page 7 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

3.5. Other design requirement 其他的设计要求
1) Loading capacity of paper pallet 纸托盘装载能力 The paper pallet shall be constructed to include the weight of a second unit load on top of the first one according to defined maximum capacity during transport。Moreover, the Minimum total surface of feet should comply with below table. 按照 “运输中最大承重力”的定义,纸托盘的结构应能承受2个单元货物加相应顶部填充的重量。 Unit load type Minimum total surface of feet 单元货物种类 托脚 / 垫板总支撑面积最小值 cm2 339 AL BL 169 Figure 3-10 DL 357 2) Feet design for overhang unitload 超大或超长的单元货物包装的托盘的托盘角的设计. If the outer dimension of the unit load exceeds the above mentioned measurements, additional feet must be placed within the outer measurement of the standard pallet. And at least 80mm foot on each side are overlapped on wooden pallet when symmetrical loading on IKEA standard wooden pallet。At least 80mm foot on each side are overlapped on wooden pallet when symmetrical loading on IKEA standard wooden pallet 对于超长的单元货物包装的托盘尺寸,在两端加长的托盘角至少要确保在一侧有 80mm 的纸托盘角能够落在木托盘上面
80mm

纸托盘

Figure 3-11

木托盘

Figure 3-12

3) Middle feet is must 中间角的分布设计是必须的. There must be feet distribution in the middle of length or width of unit load for AL and DL,Which are convenient for handling in store by hand-jack 对于 AL 和 DL,在短边和长边必须配置一个托盘角在中间的位置,这样可方便手动叉车在商场里面的使 用

托盘角必有一列在中间

Figure 3-13

4) Best Distance between two feet 两角之间的最佳间距 In order to avoid l bending on top board to block operation, And optimal distance between two feet are 180 to 280mm. 为了减少面板的过度弯曲,从而造成叉车操作的困难,因此最佳的两个托盘垫脚之间的间距为 180 到 280mm。 5) Feet distribution for over 300kg unitload 对于大于 300kg 的单元货物包装的托盘角的分布设计 Above 300kg of unitload, Priority to choose the feet of 180x90x50mm or above size.. 高于 300 公斤的单元货物包装,优先选择 180x90mm 或者更大尺寸的托盘角

Page 8 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

6) Paper Pallet size must match with unitload 纸托盘的尺寸要和单元货物包装尺寸匹配 The size of the paper pallet must be adapted to the size of the unit load with a tolerance +0 and -40mm on the total measurement according to the products. 托盘的尺寸一定要与所装的产品的尺寸匹配,可以容忍的公差为 0 到-40mm 7) Overhang pallet design 超长超宽的托盘设计 Refer to Appendix B 请参考附录 B

3.6. Example 举例
Pallet feet should be designed to put under the corner of the box on top to enhance the supporting performance as possible as rules 托盘脚应在不违反原则的情况下尽量安放在所承载货物的包装箱角的下面 If it is difficult to place extra feet on conjoined point of CP or MP due to there are too many multi-packs/consumer packs on top of pallet and width limitation of fork entry, then it should be increase the thickness of top panel to enhance the strength, or add extra feet for support.如果由于在纸托盘的散箱很多,无法使纸箱居中地摆放在托盘垫脚的上面。为了预防风险存在, 那么必须 增加托盘面板的厚度来补强或者使用较长的托盘角,是进叉通道的宽度尽可能在 180 到 260mm 之间。

Figure 3-14

4. Materials specification and select rules 材料及选用规则
4.1. Top panel: 托盘面板
Corrugated Board 瓦楞纸板
IKEA paper 规格 IKEA260 IKEA230 IKEA110 IKEA80 IKEA40 Flute 楞型 Figure 4-1

Other Board 其他板材
Spec 规格 Honeycomb Composite Corrugated Board Thickness 厚度 20mm/15mm 20mm/15mm Hexagon 六边形边长 6mm or 4mm

BC C B

4.2. Pallet foot: 托盘脚
Spec 规格 Wrap Board 外盒 Inside filler 脚芯 Finished foot 完成品 CORRUGATED BOARD 瓦楞纸板 Flute Materials 楞型 材料 E BC or Others / Wrap Board + Inside filler Corrugated Board COBB 可勃吸水 ≤40 g/m2 ≤40 g/m2 Other 其他 / / 8kgf/cm2 Figure 4-2

Page 9 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

4.3. Selected rules of material 托盘面板和角的选用法则
Top pallet type 托盘面板考量因素 - Weight pallet afford 托盘承重 - Product layout on top of pallet 托盘上货物排列方式 2) Pallet feet size and quantity 托盘脚大小及数量考量因素 - pallet capacity 托盘承重 - Product placement on top of pallet 托盘上货物排列方式 - Overhang or not (if extra feet needed) 是否超长或者超宽 3) Quick select top board chart 快速选择托盘面板表 Figure 4-3 Top panel 面板规格
IKEA110 or IKEA230 IKEA110+Cross-IKEA80 Or IKEA260 IKEA110+Cross-IKEA110 Or IKEA260 IKEA40 + Honeycomb + Cross-IKEA40 Or IKEA260 IKEA110+Honeycomb+IKEA110 Or IKEA 230,IKEA260 IKEA110+Composite Corrugated Board + Cross-IKEA110

1)

Item 编号

Unit-load weight 单元货物重量 0-250kg 200-350kg 300-500kg

Packaging layout 产品包装排列 All Multiple columns & 200<weight<300kg All Multiple column & 300<weight<500kg All

Pallet feet 托盘脚

Picture & Type 参考图片及类型 Figure 1-3 &A Figure 1-3 & B

1 2 3 4 5 6

Figure 3-1: Foot A,B,C,D, E & special size if need

Figure 1-3 & C

200-500kg

Figure 1-3 & D

500kg above

Figure 1-3 & E Figure 1-3 & F

NOTE/注意: This form just show some common used top panel style, not standard, Supplier can choose proper type for its unitload according to actual need. 本表格所示面板类型仅为常见类型,并非指定标准,面板可根据实际需求在基于上述瓦楞纸板/蜂窝纸板进行组合。 4) Quick select pallet feet chart 快速选择托盘角表。
Type 类型

A1
Width:750,790,830,870mm Length:990,1030,1070,1110, 1150,1190,1230mm 180x90x50mm

A2
Width:910,950,990mm Length:990,1030,1070,1110, 1150,1190,1230,1270,1310, 1350,1390mm 180x90x50mm

A3
Width:750,790,830,870 mm Length:1270,1310,1350,1390 1430,1470,1510,1550,1590mm 180x90x50mm or 240x90x50

A4
Width:910,950,990mm Length:1430,1470,1510, 1550mm 180x90x50mm and 90x90x50mm

AL

Applicable 应用 Required Feet 需求的托盘角 Pattern 样式

Page 10 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by
B2

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau
B3 B4
Width:910,950mm Length:,670,710,750, 790mm 180x90x50 , 120x90x50mm

Paper Pallet Specification
B1
Width:750,790mm Length:430,470,510,550,590 ,630,670,710,750,790mm 180x90x50mm

Type 类型 Applicable 应用

BL

Required Feet 需求的托盘角 Pattern 样式

Width:830,870mm Length:430,470,510,550, 590,630,670mm 180x90x50mm

Width:910,950mm Length: 430,470,510,550, 590,630mm 180x90x50mm

Type 类型 Applicable 应用 Required Feet 需求的托盘角 Pattern 样式

D1
Width:750,790,830,870mm Length:1630,1670,1710,175 0,1790,1830,1870,1910,1950 ,1990,2030,2070mm 180x120x50 ,240x90x50, 180x90x50,90x90x50mm

D2
Width:750,790,830,870mm Length:,2110,2150,2190, 2230,2270,2310,2350, 2390mm 180x90x50or 120x90x50mm

D3
Width:910,950,990mm Length:, 1630,1670,1710,1750 1790,1830,1870,1910,1950, 1990mm 180x120x50 ,240x90x50, 180x90x50,90x90x50mm

D4
Width:910,950,990mm Length:,2030,2070,2110,2150 ,2190,2230,2270,2310,2350, 2390mm 180x120x50 ,240x90x50, 180x90x50,90x90x50mm

DL

Type 类型 Applicable 应用

N1
Width:510,550,590,630,670, 710mm Length::990,1030,1070,1110 ,1150,1190,1230,1270 mm 180x90x50mm

N2
Width:510,550,590,630,670, 710mm Length: 1310,1350,1390 1430,1470,1510,1550,1590, 1630,1670,1710,1750mm 180x120x50 ,240x90x50, 180x90x50,120x90x50mm

N3
Width:510,550,590,630,670, 710mm Length:190,1830,1870,1910, 1950,1990mm 180x120x50 ,240x90x50, 180x90x50,120x90x50 mm

N4
Width:510,550,590,630,670,7 10mm Length:2030,2070,2110,2150, 2190,2230,2270,2310, 2350,2390mm 180x120x50,240x90x50, 180x90x50mm

Required Feet 需求的托盘角 Pattern 样式

NP

NOTE/注意: NP is narrow pallet

Page 11 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

5. Dimension & Loading capacity 托盘标准尺寸及承载能力
Figure 5-1 Paper Pallet type 托盘类型 Length (mm) 长度 Width (mm) 宽度 Min-area of feet (cm2) 托脚最小面积 Loading capacity 承载能力 Corresponded Wooden pallet 对应的木托盘类型 Wooden pallet size (mm) 尺寸 AL 1200 (Max. 1600) 760 (Max. 1000) 339cm2 677 kg, A 1200x800mm BL 600 (Max. 800) 760 (Max. 1000) 169cm2 338 kg B 600x800mm DL 2000 (Max. 2400) 760 (Max.1000) 357cm2 713 kg D 2000x800mm

6. Quality 质量
1) Dimension Tolerance of top board of Pallet is ±3mm. 托盘面板的尺寸制造公差为 ±3mm, 2) All Foot tolerance is as following 托盘脚的制造公差 Length and width tolerance is +/-3 。成品托盘角的长宽的公差为+/-3。 Height tolerance of the complete feet is +/-1。成品托盘角的高度的公差为+/-1。

Dimension & Loading Capacity 托盘标准尺寸及承载

Figure 6-1

3) Max height of fork entry should be 50mm . Minimum height of fork entry after compression (loaded with goods) is 40 mm. 在运输途中经过压缩后(货已装好),进叉车通道最大高度应该是 50mm;最小高 度为 40mm

Figure 6-2

Page 12 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

4) Pad size can be adjustable in order to meet Min. 180mm distance between two feet need to be fulfilled. 为了符合进叉要求, 在两个托盘脚的进叉入口之间的距离最小为 180 mm,其他垫块的位置允许灵活调整。

Figure 6-3 5) Feet location: 1-3mm from edge of pallet top panel.垫块的尺寸: 距托盘面板的边缘 1- 3mm。

Figure 6-4

7. Operation guide & Verification 操作指引&检验方法
1) Pallet load should be squared, centered and secured on pallet. 托盘的装载物应该是方形的,居中的,安全的放在托盘的表面。 2) Pushing pallets or hitting pallet legs with forklifts may cause failure of pallets. 推动纸托盘或者用叉车撞击纸托盘,都可能促使托盘不合格. 3) Be make sure that forks are all the way into pallets before lifting- Fork should extend at least ? deep into pallet. 在叉车进叉上升之前,务必保叉齿至少延伸到托盘深度的?. 深。 4) Standing on pallets will jeopardize performance and may lead to injury. 站立在托盘上面将可能危害到托盘的性能,从而导致破损 5) Keep dry condition in Warehouse for Paper pallet . 纸托盘的仓储环境应该在保持干燥的。因为潮湿的托盘或者是包装将会影响 到托盘的性能 6) Pallet is not allowed for internal use in factory, only used for finished product. 纸托盘不允许内部周转使用,只能应用于即将出货的成品 Figure7-1

7) 27 degree stability test and loading test need to be done to verify pallet strength as well. 为了验证托盘的稳定度, 2 7 度角的稳定性测试和装载测试必须要执行 8) 10 degree stability test and loading test need to be done to verify pallet strength as well. 为了验证托盘的稳定度, 10 度角的稳定性测试和装载测试必须要执行 Figure7-2

Page 13 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

9)

Static stacking test 静压测试 Load capacity on unit load refer to DWP 单元货物包装上面承载 最大允许载重量 (见 DWP 系统) Stacking 7days at least 堆叠 7 天以上

Figure 7-3

10. Transport Test 运输测试 Load capacity on unit load refer to DWP 单元货物包装上面承载 最大允许载重量 (见 DWP 系统) Loaded on vehicle for 200km transport test with variable road condition 装载在卡车上进行 200 公里的陆地运输测试,其间要经多种路况

Appendix(附录) A: Test Methods for paper pallet 纸托盘的测试方法
All tests in 23 degree Celsius, 50% RH. Result is the average result of the sample interval, all single test over minimum. 试验的环境温度为23度,湿度50%RH,

1 Pallet feet compression test 托盘脚抗压测试
BCT recommendation on the foot, which is a dynamic parameter steering the vertical load capacity before breakage. BCT is stated in KN. This parameter tells you how strong the foot is for load taking, for details about how to measure.. 托盘角的抗压强度是一个破坏之前的垂直承载的动态参数,这个参数告诉我们 多大的堆码承载力可致使其压塌. Instrument: compression test equipment 设备:抗压测试仪 Requirement: Platen movement speed is 10mm/min. 压缩速率为 10mm/min. Foot sample size 托盘脚样板尺寸 180x120x50 240x90x50 180x90x50 120x90x50 90x90x50 Quantity 样板数量 5 5 5 5 5 Equipment 测试设备 Average Level 平均值 1600kgf 1500kgf 1300kgf 870kgf 650kgf Max allowed compression, Δ H 最大变形量 <10mm <10mm <10mm <10mm <10mm
Pallet feet

Figure A-1

抗压测试仪 Compression tester

Page 14 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

2 Honeycomb compression test 蜂窝面板抗压测试
Instrument: compression test equipment 在抗压测试仪上测试 Compressive Tester Compressive Speed:压缩速率为 10mm/min Applicator Procedure: Place at least 300x300x20 mm of honeycomb on a flat ,hard, rigid, horizontal surface. Then place a rigid load applicator of dimensions 90 x 90mm or 90x180mm on the middle Honeycomb of honeycomb. Compression force result should be included the weight of applicator . 放置至少300x300 x20mm的蜂窝纸板在刚硬的水平面上,然后在蜂窝纸板的顶上方放置一个尺寸 Figure A-2 为90x90或者90x180的刚硬器具(木头或者钢块),最后计算蜂窝纸板载荷时应该包含器具的重量。

Sample size 样板尺寸 300x300x20mm (LxWxH) 300x300x20mm (LxWxH)

Sample Qty 样板数量 5

Equipment 测试设备

Applicator 协助器具 90x90x50mm wood (LxWxH) 180x90x50mm wood (LxWxH)

Aver Level 平均值 300Kgf 600Kgf

ΔH 最大变形量 ≤10mm ≤10mm

抗压测试仪 5

3 Shear Strength of adhesive and Tensile Strength of Kraft 粘接剂剪切强度或者表面纸的

拉伸强度
Testing methods for shear strength of adhesive or tensile strength of kraft by compression loading 用压缩加载法检测粘接剂剪切强度或者表面纸的拉伸强度的试验方法 Purpose: In order to make sure glue strength between top Board and pads. 为了确保托盘面板和托盘角的粘合强度。 Procedure: Refer to standard JIS K6852-1994 or GB ISO 6238.But contacted surface must be paper. 测试方法可以参考 JIS K6852-1994 或者 GB ISO 6238,制造所需要的尺寸托盘垫块,使它和面板粘合。放置到相应的测试 夹具里面,使用抗压设备加压。. Parameter 系数 Shear and Tensile Strength Pad size 样板尺寸 180x90mm 90x90mm Sample Qty 样品数量 5 5 Dry strength (Mean)干强度 ≥90kpa ≥50kpa

Glue used is water base and high glutinous. (PVA Glue according to IOS-P-0010) 所用的胶水为高粘性的水基的胶水. (PVA Glue according to IOS-P-0010)

Figure A-3

Page 15 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

Appendix (附录) B: Overhang issues and Solutions 超长超宽托盘的 现象及解决办法

It is not allowed that pads (cores) suspended outside of wood pallet like above photos shows, we need extra pads (Min Half pad) to support unit load in wooden pallet in a secured way! See following example. 如上图所示,纸托盘的纸垫块悬浮在木托盘的外面是不允许的,我们需要用一种安全的方法,增加一个纸垫块在纸托盘底 下,并置于木托盘上去支撑上面 unit load ,见下列图表。

Good Example 好
Item 序列号

1

Condition 条件 Only length direction overhang ; 只有长度方向悬垂: X<=90, Y=0 - The pallet structure as below example 托盘结构见以下备注和图形 1): Pad A 180x90x50 or 240x90x50; 2) Pad B 180x90x50,90x90x50 尽可能确保进叉入口的宽度在 180 到 280 之间

Picture 图片

2

Both width and length direction overhang 长度和宽度方向都悬垂: X>=90, Y<=90 The pallet structure, see below example – 托盘结构见以下备注和图形 1: Pad A 180x90x50 , 2) Pad B 180x90x50 尽可能确保进叉入口的宽度在 180 到 280 之间

Page 16 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5

宜家纸托盘技术规范
IKEA TAGC PACKAGING

Edition: Date: Edited by: Authorized by

Rev5 2010-07-15 Kevin Fu Laurent Charreau

Paper Pallet Specification

Bad Example 不好
Item 序列号 1 Condition 条件 Pallet’s Feet are hidden under top Board. It is easy to break down by Fork lift in handleing 托盘垫脚被隐藏在托盘面板下面,已经占用叉车通道,在操作时 容易造成角破坏,,这不允许。 Picture 图片 1140x760mm

2

Pallet’s Feet aren’t on the edge of top Board. Which will damage bottom pallet after stacking? 托盘垫脚 远离面板的边缘,那么容易导致被堆码的下层托盘的产 品破坏,这不允许。

1140x760mm

Referenced document: Specification IOS-P-0010 Construction of Paper Pallets for EU

Page 17 of 17

TAGC-Paper Pallet Specification-REV5


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