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宾语从句


I think that we can be friends. I think that you had a nice vacation. I believe that we will have a nice lesson.
主句 连接词 宾语从句

Tips:当主句是一般现在时,从句根据实际情况 用所需的时态。

1. 当主句是一般现在时, 从句根据实际情况用所需的时态。
2. 当主句是一般过去时, 从句必须用过去的某种时态。

***注意:当从句表达的是客观事实的时候, 其时态不受主句影响。

Pair work (两人合作)

What did my students say? They said that…
they liked Miss Shi. 1. We all all like Miss Shi . Miss Shi to school. school. 2. Miss Shihad has been been to
3 .Wewould will have no English class they have no class today.

that day.

Students’ Words(学生语录)
Tips:当从句是陈述句时,

用that引导,that 可省略

What are the volunteers(志愿者) doing?
They are doing some cleaning.

Have you been the park, Can you help me,to Xia Tian? Xiaoxue? .

She asked whether Xiaoxue She What asked did she if Xiaoxue ask? She asked if Xia Tian had could had been topark. the park or been to the help her. not.
Tips: 当从句是一般疑问句或是反意疑问句时,
用“if ”或“whether”引导。 当从句中有“or not”时,只能用“whether”.

The volunteer is cheering the girl up.
Is she your mother?
Will she come to stay with me? .

What did What didthe thevolunteer girl ask?ask? The girl girlasked askedwhether if her mother would come to stay with The her mother would come to stay The volunteer her. with her or not. asked if she was her mother.
Tips: 当从句是一般疑问句或是反意疑问句时, 用“if ”或“whether”引导。 当从句中有“or not”时,只能用“whether”.

The volunteers are helping the old woman. The old woman asked them
who

they are.

where they are from.

Who are you? Where are you from?

用特殊疑问词来引导。 Tips: 当从句是特殊疑问句时, 宾语从句的语序为陈述句的语序.

The volunteers are helping the kids. The what they Thevolunteers volunteersasked asked when theycould couldgo doto for the school. kids.
What can we do for the kids?

When can they go to school?

Tips: 当从句是特殊疑问句时,用特殊疑问词来引导。 宾语从句的语序为陈述句的语序.

Conjunctions(连接词的用法)
1.当从句是陈述句时, 用that引导,that 可省略 2. 当从句是一般疑问句或是反意疑问句时,

用“if ”或“whether”引导。 当从句中有“or not”时,只能用“whether”.

用特殊疑问词来引导。 3. 当从句是特殊疑问句时,

三、Word order (语序):
宾语从句的语序为

陈述句的语序

Group work:
Do you want to become a volunteer?

What What do can you we want do for to know the people about in them trouble? now?
I think we can give them some money. I think we can cheer them up. I think we can …

We want to know … if the kids have gone to school.

Choose the best answers (选择最佳答案)
A there was a 1. My teacher told me ____ terrible thing happened in your school. A. that B. which C. when C will you go 2. I am writing to you and ask ____ on your vacation. A. whether B. when C. where B you can spend the vacation 3. I wonder ____ with me. A. what B. if C. how

1.引导词
陈述句充当宾语从句 一般疑问句充当宾语从句 特殊疑问句充当宾语从句

that if/whether
疑问代词或疑问副词

2.语序

陈述句语序 从 按实际情况用所需时态 句 相应的过去时态

主 一般现在时 3.时态 句 一般过去时

如果从句表达的是客观现象或真理,无论主句是什么 时态,从句都用一般现在时。

4.当主句谓语动词为think,suppose, expect, believe 等时,其后的宾语从句为否定句时,常 将否定词not从从句中移到主句中,构成否定转移


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