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2016湖南外贸职业学院单招测试题(附解析)英语


考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—Would 13∶00 be convenient? —________,but I’ll have to check my schedule for sure. A.It won’t do C.That’s the deal 2. B.It should be fine D.It’s

up to you

It is said that________wool produced in Australia is

of________high quality. A./;/ C.the;a B.the;/ D.the;the

3 . Seeing a large crowd at the street corner , I became aware of________unusual happening. A.anything C.everything B.something D.nothing

4 . While intelligent people can often________the complex , a fool is more likely to complicate the simple. A.sacrifice C.simplify 5.—Thank you for your tea. —You are so kind to say so,but you________it at all. A.didn’t drink C.don’t drink B.aren’t drinking D.hadn’t drunk B.substitute D.survive

6. Misunderstandings________from lack of social communication , unless________properly,may lead to serious problems. A.arisen;handling B.arising;handled

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
C.rising;handled D.risen;handling

7 . It’s said that there are a large variety of coats in the store.It________be easy for you to find a suitable one. A.can C.shall B.need D.should

8 . I can not understand why the issue of Syria has become so complicated________I learn more from the media. A.after C.while B.before D.when

9. Hiking by oneself can be fun and good for health.It may also be good for________building. A.respect C.reputation B.friendship D.character

10 . Because of H7N9 bird flu , all the chicken markets in Shanghai have been closed and won’t open until further________. A.sign C.signal B.symbol D.notice

11.—How did you pass the challenging test? —It was a long time________I found a series of suitable methods. A.when C.since B.until D.before

12. I might fail,but________I insist on doing it.I never lose heart. A.someway C.then B.anyhow D.meanwhile

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
13 . The hurricane was________powerful that quite a lot of big trees in our town were knocked over last night. A.very C.so B.too D.such

14.To________the global financial crisis,our country has worked out a string of forceful measures over the past months. A.deal with C.turn out B.agree with D.put out

15 . With economy getting worse , we have reached the point________we have to cut down our daily expenses. A.that C.when Ⅱ.完形填空[建议用时 15′] A group of graduates got together to visit their old university professor.The conversation soon turned into__1__about stress in work and life.Offering his__2__coffee , the professor went to the kitchen and__3__with a large pot of coffee and a__4__of cups—porcelain , plastic glass , crystal , some plainlooking , some expensive , some exquisite (精致的),telling them to __5__themselves to the coffee. When all the students had a cup of coffee in hand ,the professor said ,“If you have__6__ , all the nicelooking expensive cups have been__7__,leaving behind the plain and__8__ones.Of course,__9__it is normal for you to want only the best for yourselves , that is the __10__of your problems and stress.” B.which D.where

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
“It is sure that the cup itself__11__no quality to the coffee.__12__ it is just more expensive and in some cases even hides what we__13__.” “What all of you really want is coffee , not the cup , but you went__14__for the best cups.And then you began__15__each other’s cups.” “Now consider this : Life is the coffee ; the jobs , __16__and position in society are the cups.They are just tools to__17__and contain life,and the type of cup we have does not define,nor__18__the quality of life we live.Sometimes , by concentrating only on the cup , we__19__to enjoy the coffee.Value the coffee,not the cups!” Don’t let the cups __20__you.Enjoy the coffee instead. 1.A.information C.surprises 2.A.friends C.guests 3.A.carried C.arrived 4.A.kind C.variety 5.A.devote C.help 6.A.seen C.recognized 7.A.taken in B.complaints D.satisfaction B.customers D.fellows B.returned D.brought B.set D.group B.expose D.provide B.discovered D.noticed B.taken back

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
C.taken out 8.A.cheap C.pretty 9.A.if C.because 10.A.resource C.result 11.A.increases C.extends 12.A.At no time C.In no case 13.A.drink C.eat 14.A.happily C.consciously 15.A.suspecting C.considering 16.A.money C.friendship 17.A.offer C.live 18.A.exchange C.change D.taken up B.dear D.fantastic B.while D.since B.source D.point B.expands D.adds B.In most cases D.At times B.desire D.want B.strangely D.surprisingly B.envying D.eyeing B.love D.death B.take D.hold B.raise D.create

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
19.A.have C.forget 20.A.defeat C.decide Ⅲ.阅读理解 Global Positioning Systems ( 全球定位系统 ) are now a part of everyday driving in many countries.These satellitebased systems provide turnbyturn directions to help people get to where they want to go.However ,they can also cause a lot of problems ,send you to the wrong place or leave you completely lost.Many times ,the driver is to blame.Sometimes a GPS error is responsible.Most often , says Barry Brown,it is a combination of the two. Barry Brown is with the Mobile Life Centre in Stockholm , Sweden.He told us about an incident involving a friend who had flown to an airport in the eastern United States.There he borrowed a GPSequipped car to use during his stay.Mr Brown says ,“They just plugged in an address and then set off to their destination.And,then it wasn’t until they were driving for thirty minutes that they realized they actually put in a destination back on the West Coast where they lived.They actually put their home address in.So again ,the GPS is kind of ‘garbage in garbage out’.” Mr Brown says this is a common human error,but what makes the problem worse has to do with some of the shortcomings ,or failures,of GPS equipment.He says,“One problem with a lot of the GPS units is B.hesitate D.fail B.drive D.puzzle

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
they have a very small screen and they just tell you the next turn.Because they just give you the next turn , sometimes that means that it is not really giving you the overview that you would need to know that it’s going to the wrong place.” Mr Brown says,“One of the things that struck us,perhaps the most important thing was that you have to know what you’re doing when you use a GPS.There are these new skills that people have developed.There are these new competencies ( 资格 ) that you need to have to be able to use a GPS because they sometimes go wrong.This goes against a common belief that GPS systems are for passive drivers who lack navigational skills.” Barry Brown says to make GPS systems better we need a better understanding of how drivers , passengers and GPS systems work together. 1.According to Barry Brow,in most cases,________are blame for the problems. A.human errors B.GPS errors C.errors caused by both drivers and GPS D.errors caused by putting in a wrong address 2 . The example of Barry Brown’s friend is used to show that________. A.GPS is nothing but garbage B.GPS is still not accurate enough C.it is difficult for drivers to use GPS equipment

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
D.sometimes drivers are responsible for the problem 3.It can be inferred from the second paragraph that________. A.it’s impossible to drive from the east to the west in the US B.Barry Brown’s friend went to Stockholm,Sweden by plane C.given wrong instructions,the GPS will produce wrong results D.GPS systems are for passive drivers who lack navigational skills 4 . Which of the followings is one of the shortcomings of GPS equipment? A.It just tells the driver to turn once at a time. B.It gives the driver the overview. C.Its screen is too small to be seen clearly. D.It is only suitable for passive drivers. 5.What’s the main idea of the text? A.GPS systems are helpful for drivers. B.Driving with GPS can be difficult to navigate (导航). C.Drivers should understand how GPS systems work. D.Drivers should learn to use GPS systems correctly.

课时作业(八) Ⅰ.单项填空 1 . 解析: 考查交际用语。根据 “but I’ll have to check my

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
schedule for sure”可知,此处表示 “应该没问题,但还要查看一下 时间表确定一下”,因此选 B。 答案: B 考查冠词。句意为:据说澳大利亚产的羊毛质量很

2.解析:

好。“produced in Australia”是后臵定语,修饰 wool,所以第一空用 the 表示特指;第二空是“be of+抽象名词”结构,名词前不用冠词。 答案: B 句意为:看到街道的拐角处有一大群人,我意识到

3.解析:

有什么不寻常的事情发生了。unusual 作后臵定语修饰 something。 答案: B 句意为:聪明的人常常能使复杂的事简单化,然而

4.解析:

愚蠢的人更有可能使简单的事复杂化。本题考查动词辨析。sacrifice 牺牲,奉献;substitute 代替,取代;simplify 使??简单化;survive 幸存,幸免于。前后分句表对比,故 C 项符合句意。 答案: C 考查动词的时态。根据语境可知, drink 这一动作

5.解析:

发生在表示感谢之前,是过去发生的动作,所以用一般过去时。 答案: A 考查非谓语动词。句意为:由于缺乏社会交流而造

6.解析:

成的误解,如果得不到恰当的处理,可能会导致严重的问题。第一 空,Misunderstandings 和 arise 为逻辑上的主谓关系,所以用 arise 的 现在分词形式,arise from 意为“由??产生”。第二空,handle 和 Misunderstandings 为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用 handle 的过去分词

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
形式。 答案: B 考查情态动词。句意为:据说这家店里有很多种外

7.解析:

套,你应该很容易就能够找到一件合适的。 should 表示“应该”, 符合句意。 答案: D 考查状语从句。句意为:在我从媒体了解更多的信

8.解析:

息之前,我不明白为什么叙利亚问题会变得如此复杂。 before 意为 “在??之前”,符合句意。 答案: B 句意为:独自徒步旅行很有趣也有利于身体健康。

9.解析:

同 时 对 于 性 格 的 塑 造 也 有 所 帮 助 。 character 性 格 , 符 合 题 意 。 respect 尊重;friendship 友谊;reputation 名声。 答案: D 考查名词辨析。句意为:因为 H7N9 禽流感,上

10.解析:

海所有的活禽市场都被关闭直到另行通知才能开放。 sign 迹象,手 势;symbol 象征,符号;signal 信号;notice 通知。根据句意可知, 应选 D 项。 答案: D 考查连词。句意为:——你是怎么通过这么有挑

11.解析:

战性的考试的? ——我过了很长时间后才找到一系列合适的办法。 分析句意可知,这是“It was+时间+before 从句”句型,主句为肯 定句,意为“过了多长时间之后才??”,before 在??以前。

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
答案: D 考查副词。句意为:我也许会失败,但是无论怎

12.解析:

样,我会坚持做的。我永不灰心。anyhow 无论如何,反正,符合句 意。A.用某种方法,不知为什么;C.然后;D.同时。 答案: B 考查状语从句。根据 so...that...如此??以至于,

13.解析: 得出答案。 答案: C

14.解析:

考查动词短语辨析。deal with 处理,应付;应对;

agree with 同意;赞同;turn out 结果,原来是;put out 扑灭;生产。 答案: A 考查定语从句。先行词 the point 在后面的定语从

15.解析:

句中作地点状语,故用 where 引导。 答案: D

Ⅱ.完形填空 语篇解读 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。生活中我们常常会遇到这

样的情况,明明喝的是咖啡却非常在意装咖啡的杯子,殊不知咖啡 杯只是一个器具,杯中的咖啡才应该是真正的旨趣所在。 1.解析: 考查名词辨析。根据本句的“stress”及下文第二段末

句中的 “problems and stress”可知,此处应该是抱怨生活和工作中的 压力。 答案: B 考查名词辨析。根据第一段内容可知,学生们来

2.解析:

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
看望教过自己的大学教授,对于教授来说这些学生就是客人。 答案: C 考查动词辨析。因为前文提到要给学生们咖啡喝,

3.解析:

那么教授去了厨房之后应该是又返回客厅。 答案: B 考查名词辨析。从破折号的解释可看出,教授拿来

4.解析:

许多不同的咖啡杯。如果选择 A 项则意为“一种杯子”,与下文的 叙述相悖。a variety of cups 意为“各种各样的”,符合语境,故选 C。 答案: C 考查动词辨析。 help oneself to 是固定搭配,意为

5.解析:

“ 随便用 (或吃 )”。教授拿回不同的杯子和咖啡让学生自便,从而 引出下文教授的评价与教导。 答案: C 考查动词辨析。教授拿出许多不同的咖啡杯,这是

6.解析:

教授引起学生注意的方式,所以教授说: “你们都注意到了 ”。因 此答案选 D,noticed 意为“注意,关注”。 答案: D 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:价钱贵,样子又好看

7.解析:

的杯子你们都用上了,放在一旁的都是一些不好看的便宜货。taken up 意为“占用”,符合句意,故选 D。take in 意为“吸入”;take back 意为“退回”;take out 意为“切除,获得”。 答案: D

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
8.解析: 考查形容词辨析。此空所填词应该与 plain 构成并

列关系,所以选择 A 项,另外 cheap 与本句中的“expensive”也是相 对的。 答案: A 考 查 连 词 辨 析 。 根 据 下 文 可 知 。 “the best” 和

9.解析:

“problems and stress”形成对比,故此处应该选择表示转折意味的词 语。while 意为“虽然”,符合语意语境,故答案选 B。 答案: B 考查名词辨析。句意为:虽然你只想给自己选择

10.解析:

最好,这是人之常情,但是这也正是你们的问题和压力的根源所在。 根据句意可知,应选择 B 项,source 意为“根源”。 答案: B 考查动词辨析。add to 意为“增加”,即教授认

11.解析:

为杯子本身不会增加咖啡的质量。故答案选 D。increase 一般表示具 体数量上的增加;expand 意为“扩大,增加,增强(尺码、数量或重 要性)”;extend 意为“使伸长,扩大,扩展”,均不符合题意,故 排除。 答案: D 考查介词短语辨析。in most cases 意为“在大部分

12.解析:

情况下”,与本句中的“in some cases”相呼应。 答案: B 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,此处指 “我们所

13.解析:

喝的咖啡”,what 引导宾语从句,在从句中作宾语,指代咖啡。

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
答案: A 考查副词辨析。选择咖啡杯是有意识地选择。

14.解析: 答案: C

15.解析:

考查动词辨析。自己已经选择了自认为是最好的

杯子,选好之后还要打量别人的杯子。eye 用作动词,意为“注视, 审视,细看 ” ,符合语境。 suspect 一般不用于进行时,意为 “ 怀 疑”;envy 意为“嫉妒”;consider 意为“考虑”,均不符合语境。 答案: D 考查名词辨析。本段教授开始做总结,将故事加

16.解析:

以升华,挖掘出其深刻的寓意。与工作,社会地位能够并列的只能 是钱财。 答案: A 考查动词辨析,与 and 后面的“contain”是同义词,

17.解析:

并且能够接宾语 life 的只有 D 项,hold 意为“容纳”。 答案: D 考查动词辨析。句意为:我们使用的杯子的类

18.解析:

型不能限定也改变不了我们的生活质量。根据上下文可知,杯子并 不能使杯中的咖啡发生任何改变,故 C 项符合语意语境。 答案: C 考查动词辨析。句意为:有时候人们只关注盛咖

19.解析:

啡的杯子,而没能品尝出咖啡的味道。言外之意是人们过于关注生 活的外在表现形式,而忽略生活的真正内涵。fail to do sth.意为“不 能做某事”,符合语境,

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
答案: D 考查动词辨析。本句是全文的结束句,也是对全

20.解析:

文的总结,即不要让杯子牵着你走,应该享受咖啡本身。drive 此处 表示“迫使,驱使”,符合语境,故选 B。 答案: B

Ⅲ.阅读理解 语篇解读 本文是一篇议论文。文章主要介绍了开车用 GPS 导 航系统也很难导航。 1 . 解析: 细节理解题。根据文章第一段最后一句 “Most

often,says Barry Brown,it is a combination of the two.”可知,答案 C 符合文意。 答案: C 推理判断题。根据文章第二段倒数第二句 “They

2 . 解析:

actually put their home address in.”可知,这次走错方向是由于人的疏 忽导致的,不是 GPS 系统的原因,故答案 D 正确。 答案: D 推理判断题。根据文章第二段最后两句 “They

3 . 解析:

actually puy their home address in. So again , the GPS is kind of ‘garbage in garbage out’ . ” 和 对 全 段 的 整 体 理 解 可 知 , 答 案 C“给错误的指令,导航系统就会产生错误的结果”符合文意。 答案: C 细节理解题。根据文章第三段第二句 “He says ,

4 .解析:

‘One problem with a lot of the GPS units is they have a very small

考单招——上高职单招网 www.danzhaowang.com
screen and they just tell you the next turn.’”可知,答案 A 符合文意。 答案: A 主旨大意题。根据文章第一段第三句 “However,

5.解析:

they can also cause a lot of problems,send you to the wrong place or leave you completely lost.”的开篇点题和对全文的整体理解可推知, 答案 B“开车用 GPS 导航系统有时候也很难导航”最能概括文章大 意。 答案: B


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