no matter what
no matter when
no matter who → whoever
no matter which no matter where → whichever → wherever
no matter ho
w → however …
“no matter+疑问词” 与 “疑问词+ ever” 都可引起让步状语从句，可以通用； However busy I am, I will help you.
=No matter how busy I am, I will help you.
Whenever he is free, he will play computer games.
(= no matter when )
Wherever you go, you should have in mind that this is always your home.
(= no matter where )
I will do whatever I can to help you.
(= anything that ) (不可用no matter what)
Whatever he says, don’t open the door(= no matter what ). You can take whichever book you like. (= any book that ) I don’t mind whichever book you like. (= no matter which ) Whoever he may be, he must show his pass. (= no matter who )
注意“no matter+疑问词”结构与“疑问词 +ever”在用法上的区别 1.“no matter+疑问词”结构只能引导让步状 语从句，这时可以和“疑问词+ever”互换。 如：No matter where he may be （=Wherever he may be）, he will be happy. 2. 而who/whom/which/whose/what+ever还 可以引导名词性从句。wherever 引导地点状 语从句；whenever 引导时间状语从句 Give this book to whoever likes it. 谁喜欢 这本书就给谁吧。 （这里不能用no matter who。）
You may invite whomever you like.
Eat whichever cake you like.
I’ll go to see you whenever I’m free.
=I’ll go to see you, no matter when I’m free.
1.无论你是谁，都必须遵守规则。 No matter who you are, you must obey the rules.
2.无论他学习多么努力，总不能通过考试。 No matter how hard he studies, he finds it difficult to pass the exam.
I wil do whatever you wish.
2.他们想要什么就给他们什么。 Give them whatever they desire.
1. ________ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 2. ________we gave him something to eat, he would save it up for his little sister. A.Whatever B. However C. Whenever D. Whichever 3. Doctor Godwin says that______what forceful arguments against cigarettes there are, many people insist on smoking. A. though B. however C. no matter D. even if
5.____________ , Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is 6. --Could you do me a favor? --It depends on______it is. A.which B. whichever C. what D. whatever 7. The old tower must be saved, ______the cost. A.however B. whatever C. Whichever D. wherever
8. Sarah hopes to become a friend of________shares her interests. A.anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 9. You can eat food free in my restaurant_______you like. A.whenever B. wherever C. whatever D. however 10._______ much advice I gave him, he did exactly what he wanted to do. A. How B. Whatever C. However D. What
? 1. 用于引导名词性从句
Whatever she did was right. 她做的一切都是对的。
Whatever I have is at your service. 我所有的一切都由 你使用。 You may do whatever you want to do. 无论你想做什么 事，你都可以做。 I’ll just say whatever comes into my head. 一我想到什 么就说什么。 One should stick to whatever one has begun. 开始了 的事就要坚持下去。 She would tell him whatever news she got. 她得到的任 何消息都会告诉他。 I’m going to learn whatever my tutor wishes. 我将学习 任何我的导师愿意我学的东西。 College students are seen doing whatever work they can find. 我们可以看到,只要有工作，大学生们什么都
? 2. 用于引导让步状语从句 Whatever we said, he'd disagree. 无论我们说什么，他 都不同意。 Whatever happened I must be calm. 不管发生什么情况 我都要镇静。 We’ll go along together whatever happens. 不管发生什 么情况我们都要起干。 Don’t lose heart whatever difficulties you meet. 不管遇 到什么困难都不要灰心。 Whatever you do, I won't tell you my secret. 不管你做什 么，我都不会把我的秘密告诉你。 Whatever happens, we'll meet here tonight. 不管发生什 么事情，我们今晚都在这儿碰头。 Whatever happens, the first important thing is to keep cool. 不管发生什么事,头等重要的是保持冷静。