Unit 4 Body language（答题时间：60 分钟）
一、单项选项 1. All_________ to the earthquake-hit areas were cut off, which made the rescue much more difficult. A. approaches B. means C. plans D. projects 2
. If you are afraid of losing _______ face, you will not be able to learn _________ English language well. A. the; 不填 B. your; 不填 C. the; the D. 不填; the 3. _________, babies begin to talk between 12 and 15 months, but they can use body language to communicate before they learn to speak. A. In common B. In particular C. In general D. In public 4. Many young students are very curious _________ the lifestyles of film stars, but actually they are also common people after they step off the screen. A. in B. at C. of D. about 5. She understood nothing, nor _________ want to understand. A. she did B. did she C. she does D. does she 6. You have _______ him － he was not laughing at you; in fact, he just wanted to show his friendliness. A. respected B. misunderstood C. affected D. amused 7. Parents, of course, will do everything they could to ________ their children from harm. A. defend B. convince C. overcome D. reduce 8. ____________ to the left, you will find a bookstore and you won’t miss it. A. If turn B. Turn C. To turn D. Turning 9. Peter phoned to say they’d arrived safely, so put your mind _____. A. with ease B. by heart C. in peace D. at ease 10. If you hurry up, I think it quite ______that you will catch the flight to Hong Kong. There are 40 minutes left. A. probably B. likely C. possibly D. certainly 11. What surprised me was not what he said but ______he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which 12. Smoking is one of the _____causes of cancer, killing millions of people each year. A. major B. similar C. commercial D. chemical 13. As we all know, the dove and the olive branch ______peace. A. present B. mark C. replace D. represent 14. Bill opened the door for Harold and ______him with cries of welcome. A. shouted B. waved C. shook D. greeted 15. On hearing the news that his father returned from abroad, Jack got up quickly, ______the breakfast ______. A. leaving; unfinished B. leaving; unfinishing C. left; unfinished D. left; unfinishing
二、阅读理解 A There is one language that is used in every country in the world. The people who use it are young and old, short and tall, thin and fat. It is everybody’s second language. It is easy to understand, although you can’t hear it. It is sign language. When you wave to a friend who is across the street, you are using sign language. When you smile at someone, you are saying, “I want to be friendly”, but you are not using speech. You are using sign language. When you raise your hand in class, you are saying, “Please ask me. I think I know the correct answer.” Babies who can’t talk can point at things. They are using sign language. A policeman who wants to stop traffic holds up his hands. He is using sign language. Many years ago, a French priest, Charles Michel de Epee, became interested in education for deaf people. He invented a finger alphabet (字母表). It is still in use. People can make the sign for letters and spell words with their hands, and deaf people can read and understand them. Soon there were schools for the deaf in many countries. The only university for the deaf is Gallaudet College in Washington, D.C.. Today, in the United States, there are special TV news programs for deaf people. The newsreader tells the news in sign language. At the same time, the words appear on the TV screen. The actors in the Theatre of Deaf don’t spell every word. Sometimes they use hand signs. When they put two hands together, it means sandwich. They can make a roof with their hands when they want to show a house. One finger in front of an actor’s mouth can mean quiet. You can talk to people who are behind windows that are closed. And when you go swimming with your friends, you can have conversations under water. How many hand signs do you use every day? 1. Which of the following about sign language is TRUE? A. It is a special language used in a few countries in the world. B. It is a way to express one’s ideas without words. C. It is only used by the deaf. D. It can be heard. 2. If you want to express the idea that “I am very friendly” to someone, you will ______. A. raise your hand B. put one hand onto the other C. smile to the person D. make a roof with your hands 3. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Hand signs instead of finger signs are used everyday. B. There are schools, colleges and universities for the deaf in the USA. C. The French priest Charles invented sign language. D. Even babies are using sign language. 4. The passage is mainly about ______. A. an introduction to sign language B. the importance of sign language C. a famous priest in France D. how to use sign language
B There is an English saying:“laughter is best medicine.” Until recently, few people took the saying seriously. Now however, doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body. They have found that laughter really can improve people’s health. Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their hearts, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter had similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart beating and breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even the feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial. Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programmes. The group that tolerated(忍耐)the pain for the longest time was the groups which listened to a funny programme. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce a kind of chemicals in the brain which diminish both stress and pain. As a result of these discoveries, some doctors in the United States now hold laughter clinics, in which they help to improve their patients’ condition by encouraging them to laugh. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter. 5. Doctors have proved the following EXCEPT that . A. smiling does good to health B. laughter can be tolerated C. there is a way to reduce pain D. laughter can work the muscles in the feet 6. The main idea of the passage is . A. laughter and physical exercise have similar effects on the human body B. smile can produce the same effects as laughter C. pain can be reduced by laughter D. laughter is the best medicine 7. The students who tolerated the pain for the longest time. A. listened to different radio programmes B. could produce a kind of chemical C. don’t have stress of pain D. listened to a funny programme 8. The underlined word “diminish” is similar to . A. test B. stop C. reduce D. increase 9. Doctors hold laughter clinics _________. A. to give better condition to their patients B. in order to improve patients’ health C. to make patients smile D. to prove smile and laughter have the same effect 三、单词拼写 1. The government issued a _______ （陈述）urging the public to protect the environment. 2. He ____________(打招呼) me in the street with a friendly wave of hand.
3. In the Western countries, “V” often __________ （代表）victory. 4. We ___________ （接近）the birds quietly and watched them. 5. The ____________(误解) between them became deeper and deeper after they quarreled. 6. Send a recent __________(面部的)photograph of yourself with your application. 7. He handed her a cup of coffee to put her at _______ （舒适）. 8. The machine will not ________（运转）properly if it is not kept well-oiled. 9. He was _______ （好奇的）to know what was happening in the office. 10. The sun is the _______ （主要的）source of our energy for our planet.
Unit 4 Body language 答题卡
单选 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
【试题答案】 1.A 考查名词辨析。句意：所有通往地震灾区的路都被切断了，这使得营救变得更加困难。 approach 除了作“方法，接近”讲之外，还有“途径，路径”的意思。mean“方法” ；plan“计 划” ；project“项目，计划” 。 2. D 考查冠词。lose face 为固定搭配，face 前不用冠词；表示语言的名词后有 language 时， 其前需加 the。 3. C 考查短语辨析。句意：总的来说，婴儿在 12 到 15 个月之间开始说话，但在他们会说话 之前就能用身势语进行交流了。in general“总的来说，通常” ；in common“共同的，共有的” ； in particular“特别，尤其” ；in public“公开地” 。 4. D 考查介词。be curious about“对??好奇” 。 5. B 考查倒装结构。在否定的分句之后使用 nor 时，nor 之后的分句的主语和助动词（或系 动词和情态动词）要倒装。再根据前面的分句的时态可知 B 项正确。 6. B 考查动词辨析。句意：你误解他了－他不是在嘲笑你，实际上他是想表示友好。 misunderstand“误解” ；respect“尊重” ； affect“影响” ；amuse“使高兴” 。 7. A 考查动词辨析。句意：父母当然会尽其所能来保护孩子免受伤害。defend“保护，保卫” ； convince“使相信” ；overcome“克服” ；reduce“减少” 。 8. D 考查动词-ing 形式作状语。此处用 turning 作条件状语。若选 A，则应用 if you turn。若 选 B，则需在逗号后加 and。 9. D 考查固定搭配。 句意：彼得打电话说他们已安全到达，所以你们就放心吧。put one’s mind at ease “使某人放心” 。 10. B 由句子结构可知此处应用形容词作宾语补足语，likely 在此处用作形容词，意为“可能 的” 。 11. A not?that ... 连接两个表语，what he said 是表语从句，意思是：他所说的话；the way he said it 意思是:他说话的方式。其中 the way 作先行词被定语从句 he said it 修饰，定语从句中 缺方式状语，可以用 that, in which 引导，也可以省略。 12. A 考查词义辨析。句意：吸烟是致癌的主因，每年导致数百万人丧生。major“主要的； 重要的” ；similar“类似的；相似的” ；commercial“商业的” ；chemical“化学的” 。 13. D 考查词义辨析。句意：众所周知，鸽子和橄榄枝象征和平。represent“象征；代表” ； present“提出；呈现” ；mark“标志；作记号” ；replace“替换；取代” 。 14. D 考查词义辨析。 shout “呼喊； 喊叫” ， 表示冲某人喊叫时， 后接介词 at 或 to ; wave “ （挥 手）示意；致意” ，为不及物动词；shake“摇动；震动” ；greet“迎接；问候” ，常构成固定搭 配，greet sb. with sth. 意为“用??和某人打招呼、迎接某人” 。 15. A 考查现在分词作状语。leaving 在句中作结果状语，unfinished 是形容词作宾语补足语， 与 breakfast 构成被动关系。 二、阅读理解 1~4 BCDA 5~9 BDDCB 三、单词拼写 1. statement 2. greeted 3. represents 4. approached 5. misunderstanding 6. facial 7. ease 8. function 9. curious 10. major