灵宝一高 2015—2016 学年度下期第一次月清考试 高二英语
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对
话仅 读一遍。 1.What is the magazine about? A.Entertainment. B.Decoration. C.Cooking. 2.Why did the man buy the new fridge? A.It is large. B.It is advanced. C.It is energy-saving. 3.What are the speakers talking about? A.Their test scores. B.A football game. C.Two football teams. 4.What does the woman mean? A.Her suggestions were turned down. B.She missed the marketing meeting. C.She failed to put forward her suggestions. 5.How does the man hope to spend the weekend? A.Playing golf. B.Working as usual. C.Doing a little gardening. 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6.What’s the most probable relationship between the speakers? A.Colleagues. B.Classmates. C.Couple. 7.When will the picnic take place? A.On a Friday. B.On a Saturday. C.On a Sunday. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8.What caused the accident? A.A black cat. B.A white pig. C.A black dog. 9.Who got hurt in the accident? A.The passenger in the red car. B.The driver of the red car. C.The driver of the white car. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.How does the woman feel about the couple next door? A.Helpful. B.Boring. C.Noisy. 11.Why didn’t the man prepare the food for the party? A.He was too busy. B.He didn’t feel well. C.He was poor at that. 12.Which of the following are mentioned in the conversation? A.Hamburgers and potato chips. B.Bread and salads. C.Chicken and rice. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.What’s wrong with the machine according to the man？ A.Its button is broken. B.Its engine is broken. C.Its pump can’t work properly 14.What does the man think the woman should do? A.Ask repairmen to deal with the machine. B.Turn the machine off immediately. C.Repair the machine herself. 15.How long were the repairmen here last time? A.Half an hour. B.One hour. C.One hour and a half. 16.What can we learn from the conversation? A.The man really is a skillful repairman.
B.The woman wants to buy a new washing machine. C.The repairmen charged the speakers $10 last time. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.When did the storm happen? A.Last Thursday. B.Last Friday. C.This Friday. 18.How many people were badly injured in the storm? A.15. B.14. C.9. 19.Where was the farmer when the storm came? A.In the kitchen. B.In his bedroom. C.In his office. 20.What did the woman do when she noticed her house shaking? A.She tried to take something out. B.She rushed out with her children. C.She told her husband not to leave. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A More People Are Leaving the Rat Race for the Simple Life Time is more precious than money for an increasing number of people who are choosing to live more with less—and liking it. Kay and Charles Giddens, two lawyers, sold their home to start a B&B hotel. Four years later, the couple dishes out banana pancake breakfast, cleans toilets and serves homemade chocolate chip cookies to guests in a B&B hotel surrounded by trees on a hill known for colorful sunsets. “Do I miss the freeways? Do I miss the traffic? Do I miss the stress? No,” says Ms. Giddens, “This is a phenomenon that’s fairly wide spread. A lot of people are reevaluating their lives and figuring out what they want to do. If their base is being damaged, what’s the payoff?” Simple living ranges from cutting down on weeknight activities to sharing housing, living closer to work, avoiding shopping malls, borrowing books from the library instead of buying them, and taking a cut in pay to work at a more pleasurable job. Vicki Robin, a writer, lives on a budget equal to a fifth of what she used to make. “You become conscious about where your money is going and how valuable it is,” Ms. Robin says, “You tend not to use things up. You cook at home rather than eat out?” Janet Luhrs, a lawyer, quit her job after giving birth and leaving her daughter with a nanny for two weeks. “It was not the way I wanted to raise my kids,” she says, “Simplicity is not just about saving money; it’s about me sitting down every night with my kids to a candlelit dinner with classical music.” Mrs. Luhrs now edits a magazine, Simple Living, which publishes tips on how to buy recycled furniture and shoes, organize potluck dinners instead of expensive receptions, and generally how to consume less. “It’s not about poverty,” Mrs. Luhrs explains, “It’s about conscious living and creating the life you want. The less stuff you buy, the less money goes out of the door, and the less money you have to earn.” 21.Kay and Charles Giddens sold their home to ______. A.pay off the debt B.start a private hotel C.cut down expenses D.buy living necessities 22.Simple living includes ______. A.building a home library B.living in the countryside C.enjoying a colorful night life D.sharing housing with others 23.It can be learned from the passage that now Janet Luhrs ______. A.spends more time with her kids B.has an interest in classical music C.works as a reporter of a magazine D.helps people buy recycled clothes
B Being Authoritative (由权威的) Parents Phrases like “tiger mom” and ‘‘helicopter parent” have made their way into everyday language. Many of us find ourselves drawn to the idea that with just a bit more parental hard
work and effort, we might turn out children with bright futures. But is there anything wrong with a kind of “overparenting style”? Parental involvement has a long history of being studied. Many of the studies, conducted by Diana Baumrind, a famous psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, have found that a good parent is the one who is involved and reacts to her child in a positive way, who sets high expectations but gives her child independence. These “authoritative parents” appear to hit the sweet spot of parental involvement and generally raise children who do better academically, psychologically and socially than children whose parents are not strict and less involved, or controlling and more involved. Why is this parenting style so successful? Authoritative parents actually help improve motivation in their children. Carol Dweck, a social psychologist at Stanford University, has done research that indicates why authoritative parents raise more motivated children. In a typical experiment, Dr. Dweck takes young children into a room and asks them to solve a simple puzzle. Most do so with little difficulty. But then Dr. Dweck tells some, but not all, of the kids how clever they are. As it turns out, the children who are not told they’re smart are more motivated to solve increasingly difficult puzzles. They also show higher levels of confidence and show greater progress in puzzle-solving. As the experiment suggests, praising children’s talents and abilities seems to shake their confidence. Dealing with more difficult puzzles carries the risk of losing one’s status as “smart”. Dr. Dweck’s work strongly supports that of Dr. Baumrind, who also found that reasonably supporting a child’s independence and limiting interference (干涉) causes better academic and emotional results. The central task of growing up is to develop a sense of self that is independent and confident. If you treat your young child who is just learning to walk as if she can’t walk, you reduce her confidence. Allowing children to make mistakes is one of the greatest challenges of parenting. It is easier when they are young. The potential mistakes carry greater risks, and part of being a parent is reducing risk for our children. 24.According to the passage, a “tiger mom” ______. A.helps her children realize their dreams B.speaks her children’s everyday language C.places reasonable expectations on her children D.pays close attention to her children’s experiences 25.It is implied that controlling style of parenting may _____. A.face more challenges of children B.foster independence in children C.cause more problems in children D.lead to children’s academic success 26.The example of the children doing the puzzles suggests that ______. A.a good game plays a big role in training young minds B.overpraising makes children less motivated a nd confident C.puzzle-solving can give children the motivation they need D.bright children usually show less confidence in difficult games 27.The last paragraph tells us that ______. A.children should not be given much freedom B.parents should not increase the risk of challenging C.parents should allow their children to learn from mistakes D.children should correct mistakes with the help of their parents C In 1991, high in the mountains of Europe, hikers made a discovery: a dead man partly frozen in the ice. However, the police investigation soon became a scientific one. Carbon dating indicated that the man died over 5,300 years ago. Today he is known as the Iceman and has been nicknamed “?tzi” for the ?tztal Alps where he was found. Kept in perfect condition by the ice, he is the oldest complete human body on the earth. Scientists think he was an important person in his society. An examination of his teeth and skull tells us that he was not a young man.His arms were not the arms of a laborer. His dagger(匕 首) was made of stone, but he carried a copper axe. This implies wealth, and he was probably from the upper classes.We know he could make fire, as a fire-starting kit was discovered with him. Even the food he had eaten enabled scientists to reason exactly where in Italy he lived.
But why did the Iceman die in such a high and icy place? There have been many theories. Some said he was a lost shepherd. Others thought he was killed in a religious ceremony. Over the years since he was found, tiny scientific discoveries have led to great changes in our understanding of the story of the Iceman. The newest scientific information indicates that he was cruelly murdered. “Even five years ago, the story was that he fled up there and walked around in the snow and probably died of exposure,” said Klaus Oeggl, a scientist at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. “Now it’s all changed. It’s more like a?crime scene.” In June 2001, an X-ray examination of the body showed a small dark shape beneath the Iceman’s left shoulder. It was the stone head of an arrow. It had caused a deadly injury that probably killed him very quickly. In 2003, an Australian scientist discovered the blood of four different people on the clothes of the Iceman. Did a bloody fight take place before his murder? Injuries on his hand and head indicate that this may be true. One theory, put forward by archeologist (考古学家) WalterLeitner, says that the Iceman’s murder was the end of a fight for power among his people. However, this idea is certainly debatable. 28.What does “?tzi”refer to ________. A.the oldest perfectly preserved human body B.the most famous tourist attraction?tztal Alps C.an important discovery by the police of Europe D.the person living in ?tztal Alps for a long time 29.After the examination of the Iceman, scientists believe that ________. A.he died at an early age B.he made a fire-starting kit C.he had a higher social status D.he was born at a village in Italy 30.According to Klaus Oeggl, the Iceman died from ____. A.a serious disease B.a snow disaster C.a religious faith D.a terrible murder 31.What is the passage mainly talking about? A.The life of ancient people in the AlpsMountains. B.The cruel religious life of the Europeans in the past. C.The discovery and possible cause of death of the Iceman. D. The application of carbon dating technology to the Iceman. Ｄ See a cellphone cover that you like on Taobao? Forget about placing an order, paying the bill online and waiting for days for it to be delivered to you. In the near future, you'll be able to get it in minutes just by hitting “print” on your computer. You might find it hard to believe that you could actually “print” an object like you would a picture. But it is not that hard to understand how it would work. Just as a traditional printer sprays (喷) ink onto paper line by line, modern 3D printers spread material onto a surface layer by layer, from the bottom to the top, gradually building up a shape. Instead of ink, the materials the 3D printer uses are mainly plastic, resin(树脂) and certain metals. The thinner each layer is—from a millimetre to less than the width of a hair—the smoother and finer the object will be. This may sound like a completely new technology, but the truth is that 3D printing has been around since the late 1980s. Back then, it was barely affordable for most people, so few knew about it. Last year, though, saw a big change in the 3D printing industry—printers became much cheaper. For example, 10 years ago a desktop 3D printer might have cost ￡20，000, while now they cost only about ￡1，000, accordin g to the BBC. Taken out of the factory and introduced to more diverse and common uses, 3D printing can create just about anything you can think of—flutes (笛子), bikinis, jewelry, aircraft parts and even human organs. In fact, scientists from Cornell University in New York have just made an artificial ear using a 3D printer, according to Science Daily. The fake ear looks and acts exactly like a natural one. However, as 3D printing becomes more common, it may bring about certain problems—such as
piracy. “Once you can download a coffee maker, or print out a new set of kitchen utensils (餐 具) on your personal 3D printer, who will visit a retail (零售的) store again？” an expert in 3D printing told Forbes News. Even more frightening, what if anyone in the world could use a 3D printer to print out a fully functioning gun? 32.According to the article, in the future, the 3D printing technology will _______. A.enable people to make better purchases online B.change the way we make many products C.be applied as widely in our daily life as computers D.shorten the time it takes for people to get what they buy online 33.What happened in the 3D printing industry last year? A.The 3D printing technology was taken out of the factory. B.The 3D printing technology began to be used in various fields. C.The 3D printer was used for medical treatment for the first time. D.The 3D printer became more afforda ble for consumers. 34.How is the last paragraph developed? A.By giving examples. B.By making comparisons. C.By analyzing the cause and effect. D.By presenting research findings. 35.What is the best title of the passage? A.Great Demand for 3D Printers B.Technology in the Future C.Online Shopping Disappearing D.Printing out Everything 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Lost in the Post How would you feel if the letter you penned carefully and posted to your favorite star ended up in the recycling bin? That's where unopened fan mail sent to singer Taylor Swift was found in Nashville. ___36___ Swift’s management said it was an accident, but dealing with piles of letters is a burden for most public figures. According to th e BBC reporter Jon Kelly, at the height of his fame, Johnny Depp was said to receive up to 10,000 letters a week. ___37___ The dawn of the digital age in which public figures with a Twitter account can be messaged directly has made the process easier. The White House says it deals with 20,000 messages addressed to President Barack Obama each day. Some celebrities don’t want letters. In 2008, Beatles drummer Ringo Starr said that he would throw them out because he was too busy. __38___ Robert Pattinson, star of the Twilight films, claims that he reads tonnes and tonnes of letters from fans, which takes up almost all his free time. Many artists, however, outsource(外包) the task of opening, reading and replying. Sylvia “Spanky” Taylor, 58, has run a service in California that does just that since 1987. ___39___ Most letters are simply declarations of affection and admiration, she says. A few ask for money. A small number contain threats which require her to contact the celebrity’s security team and law enforcement. The biggest problem for Taylor is working out how to deal with the correspondence(通信). Presents such as soft toys are sent to local hospitals, and most of the letters just get shredded and recycled. __40__ For some, this is enough, according to Lynn Zubernis, an expert at West Chester University. She says that the relationship between fan and celebrity may exist only in the mind of the former but it comes from a deeply-rooted human need for community. A.Others do attempt to get through it themselves. B.In fact, there is no alternative to deal with the problem. C.How could he have enough time to skim through these letters one by one? D.Typically, correspondence is acknowledged by a photo with a printed “signature”. E.Accordingly, the correspondence problem has been difficult for the computer to automate. F.She and her staff deal with up to 20,000 items of mail a month on behalf of 26 celebrities.
G.This incident has caused a wide public concern about how the public figures deal with the letters or mails from the fans. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分４5 分） 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Last weekend I sat on the bus talking with excitement and so ready to spend time in New York City with one of my best friends from college. As I took the window seat and put my headphones in, 41 even noticed the elderly man that took a seat beside me. Two hours passed and I remained 42 in my own world, bored and anxious to get off the bus. However, after re-settling on the bus 43 the quick rest stop break, the elderly man asked me a question ,a 44 question about the bus's Wi-Fi, which turned into a 2-and- a-half-hour 45 probing（探测）my deepest fears, my dreams, my life. I shared more with this 46 0n the bus than I have with any friend or family member in months. 47 it had something to do with me just being afraid to let anyone I know come close to me anymore. 48 ,1 was amazed that a complete stranger would be not only so sincerely interested in getting to know me, but also just as 49 to push me to my greatest abilities. Instead of politely nodding his head when I 50 1aw school, he told me that my true 51 seemed to be English. He made me 52 the plans I had laid out for my life 53 just that simple statement. He helped me realize that my neatly 54 plan for the next five years of my life isn't all that neat, but 55 complex and filled with 56 .Most of all, this stranger helped me embrace（拥抱）the 57 ,not stay away from it be cause of my 58 of the unknown. A few days ago, he 59 me saying: “I think you're headed to great things no matter what you decide to do. ”In a few hours a stranger showed me kindness and 60 that made me realize that yes, life is painful, frightening, and puzzling at times but it is going to be okay. 41.A.hardly B.quickly C. occasionally D. aimlessly 42.A.seated B.closed C. absorbed D .hidden 43.A.before B.after C.on D.during 44.A.simple B.funny C.doubtful D.regular 45.A.ride B.condition C.argument D.conversation 46.A.expert B.driver C.partner D.stranger 47.A.Maybe B.Strangely C.Yet D.Surprisingly 48.A.However B.Therefore C.Anyhow D.Otherwise 49.A.satisfied B.willing C.discouraged D.regretful 5 0.A.mentioned B.passed C.hated D.selected 51.A.subject B.goal C.occupation D.interest 52.A.challenge B.question C.consider D.value 53.A.about B.on C.to D.with 54.A.organized B.suggested C.completed D.specialized 55.A.partly B.deeply C.actually D.nearly 56.A.purpose B.uncertainty C.intention D.excitement 57.A.future B.change C.position D.congratulation 58.A.hope B.eagerness C.anxiety D.fear 59.A.understood B.emailed C.stopped D.interviewed 60.A.knowledge B.touch C.concern D.sense 第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分４5 分） 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空格处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或使用括号中单词的正确形式。 A CCTV journalist succeeded in arousing a heated discussion among citizens by asking people whether they were happy. The responses to the question were various, even some quite funny ones 61 (include). Although people played jokes on the answers, it did not take long 62 they began
to figure out the true meanings of happiness. It is certain that people’s views on happiness 63 (affect) greatly by their own life experience. Unfortunately, too many people refer to being rich as happiness and there is no sign of a decrease in ___64___ number of those who are voluntarily at the mercy of wealth. Some people whose 65 (intend) is to make big money appreciate being given any chance to multiply their income, believing that is __66__ their happiness lies. Some are eager to inherit their parents’ property, especially those who 67 (be) known as silver-spoon kids. Even worse, some would rather break the law to satisfy their financial desire or seek their fortune __68__(legal). In my opinion, happiness is not about pursuing wealth merely but about admiring the __69__(beauty) things in life. Therefore, live your life __70____ the fullest and be happy. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分３５分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 每处只修改一词。只修改 10 处，多者（11 处以上）不计分。 Once I had to read a text-book which was so expensive for me to buy it. I couldn’t obtain it from the library and an only copy I could find was in a certain bookshop. So I will go along to the shop every afternoon and read a little of th e book in a time. One day, therefore, I was disappointed to find the book missing from its usually place. He was about to leave when the owner of the shop waved at me. Expecting to be told off, I went towards him. To my surprise, the owner pointed to the book which placed in a corner. “I put it there in case it should be bought.” He said kindly, left me to continue my reading. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你李华，前几天你的同学 Jack 说了自己的烦恼。请你根据信件内容和建议要点给他写一封回信。 建议要点：1.调整心态，树立信心； 2.按时休息，适当放松； 3.制定合理计划。 注 意：1.词数 100 左右（开头和结尾已写好，不计入总词数） ； 2.可适当发挥，以使行文连贯。 Dear Li Hua I’m writing to ask for your help. The next examination is coming, but I feel more and more nervous and these days I can’t fall asleep as usual. What should I do? Yours, Jack Dear Jack I’m sorry to hear that you have difficulty in falling asleep for a long time.
高二英语下期第一次月考参考答案 听力答案 1—5 BABAC 阅读理解 A篇 6—10 ABCBB BDAC B篇D C B C 七选五．GCAFD 46-50DACBA 51—55 DBDAC 11—15 ACCAA C篇 16—20 CBCAB A C D C
D 篇 BDAD 完形填空 41-45 ACBAD
56-60 BADBC 语篇填空 61. included 62. before 63. are affected 64. the 65. intention 66. where 67. are 68. illegally 69. beautiful 70 to 短文改错 Once I had to read a text-book which was so expensive for me to buy it. I couldn’t obtain too it from the library and an only copy I could find was in a certain bookshop. So I will go along to the would the shop every afternoon and read a little of the book in a time. One day, therefore, I was at however disappointed to find the book missing from its usually place. He was about to leave when the usual I owner of the shop waved at me. Expecting to be told off, I went towards him. To my surprise, the owner pointed to the book which ∧placed in a corner. “I put it there in case anyone should (或 was) buy it.” He said kindly, ∧left me to continue my reading. and (或 leaving) 书面表达 Dear Li Hua I’m sorry to hear that you have difficulty in falling asleep for a long time. From your letter I know that it is stress that causes your problem. So I suggest you do as follows. First of all, you must adjust your attitude towards exams and believe in yourself. As long as you are confident, you can do your best in the exams. Besides, you should have enough sleep every day. Meanwhile, don’t forget to take part in some activities to relax. With a healthy body, I’m sure you will study more efficiently. Last but not least, you’d better make a reasonable study plan and stick to it. In this way, you will have a sense of achievement and then avoid being stressed out all the time. I hope the suggestions will be of some help. Good luck! Yours, Mr. Zhang