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in case 及其他


in case 及其他 in case 短语连词“假如如果(if)以免以防万一(so as to be safe if sth happens)” 1、“如果”多在(条件状语)中,可句首也可在句末表条件如: In that case, he arrives before I get back, please ask him to wait. What would you do i

n case fire broke out at home? In case the device is out of order, you have to have it repaired at once. 2、“免得以防万一”表采取预防措施以免某种可能的情况发生为万一或某种意外情况做准备 有备无患表目的。如: He doesn’t dare to leave the house in case he should be recognized. The astronauts also learn how to survive in the ocean in case their spacecraft is stranded in the water when it lands. I have brought some sandwiches in case we get hungry. I always take sth to read when I go to the doctor’s in case I have to wait. 3、 case 作副词性短语不加宾语表事先准备或采取措施以防某种意外情况发生。 In “以防有什 么情况,以防万一”常句末可加 just 强调。如: You’d better carry some money in case. The bus is usually on time, but start early, just in case. I don’t think that it is going to rain, but I’ll bring a raincoat in case. It may rain; you’d better take an umbrella with you (just in case). 注意: Please remind me of it again tomorrow in case (I forget). I’ll stay in the hotel in case(there is news of harry.) 4、in case of 如果(发生),以防·· or when sth happens, in the event if)可句首也可句末状语其 ·(if 后只接名词而 for fear of 可接动名词。如: In case of emergency, dial zero. Peter took up the reararmed with a large hammer in case of emergencies. In case of fire, ring the alarm clock. We’ll take steps at once in case of need. 5、in the case of (for the case of)就·· ·来说至于关于多句首也可句末状语。如: In case of a physical change, no new substance is formed. In the case of that book, I don’t think, it is of much use. 6、in this/thatcase 既然这/那样,如果这/那样的话 if that is the state of affairs/if that happens. 如:In that case, a rare metal was used. - I’m busy on Tuesday. -oh, well, in that case we’ll have to meet another.

7、in which case 引导定从而在这样情况下。如 The weather may not be good enough tomorrow, in which case we’ll have to put the test off. My father may have to go into hospital, in which case(;and in that case)I won’t be going on holyday. 8、in the given case 在既定情况下。如: In the given case warming the solid converts it to liquid. 9、in any case 在任何条件下无论如何。相当于 anyway(Anyway)多句末;如: in any case work does not include time, but power does. 10、in no case 绝不在任何情况下都不句首时用倒装形式,如: In no case could are agreed to such a principle. 11、in certain case 在某些情况下 in any single case 就个别情况而定 in many case in either case 在许多情况下 两种情况都

1. John may phone tonight.I don't want to go out __C__ he phones.(NMET 2000,春季) A.as long as B.in order that C.in case D. so that

2.I don't think I'll need any money but I'll bring some __B__ .(NMET 2000) A.at last B.in case C.once again D.intime

3. At no time and __D__shall we give up armed struggle. A. in any case B. in case C. in that case D. in no case

4. – I am afraid Mr. Wond can’t see you until 4 o’clock. -- oh ,___C__I won’t wait A. no doubt B. after all C. in that case D. in this way

In case of 和 for fear of 的用法区别 1. 作“提防”, “惟恐”这个意思讲,in case of 和 for fear of 是同义词,但不一定能通用: in case of 只能用来引导名词,for fear of 多半引导动名词短语。例如: In case of fire, break the bottle. 如果发生火灾,请把瓶打破。 I always put some money in my pocket in case of need. 我总是要在口袋里放一点钱以备需用。 2. 短语 in case 是个连接语,作“假如”、“万一”讲。例如: And now Hercules began to consider what he should do, in case Atlas should be drowned in the sea. You’d better take an umbrella with you in case it rains. 3. 同 if 不一样, 用作连词引导条件句时, case 这个短语通常用于陈述句, in 不用虚拟语气, 而且意思也不一样。例如: In case I ask for leave, will she agree? 如果我请假,她会答应吗?

If I were to ask for leave, would he agree? 如果我请假,他会答应吗? 4. 即使主句是将来时态,由 in case 引导的从句,仍然使用现在时态。例如: In case the weather is fine tomorrow, we shall hold a meeting. 如果明天天气好的话, 我们将召 开一次会议。 Henry will resign in case you drive him too hard. 如果你欺人太甚的话,亨利就会辞职不干。 5. 作“以防”来讲,in case 相当于 for fear that, 并可以通用。例如: I wrote it down in case/ for fear that I should forget it. 我已把它抄下了,免得忘记。 I must stay at home this morning in case/for fear that he comes to see me. 我今天上午必须呆 在家里,恐怕他会来看我。 6. In case 这个短语,英美英语中的意思有时候并不相同。例如: I will come in case I am wanted. I will come in case I am wanted. 我会来的,因为也许有人要找我。(英式英语) 我会来的,只要有人找我。(美式英语)


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