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英语经典习题及解析(二)


2014 年新阳光教育同等学力备考

英语经典习题及解析(二) 名词限定词+名词的数+主位一致

Part One Vocabulary and Structure Directions: Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
1.His parents raise hu

ndreds of________,including four________.(中) A.cattle;cows C.cattle;cow B.cattles;cow D.cattles;cows

2.In ________most countries,a university degree can give you ________flying start in life.(难) A.the;a C.不填;不填 B.the;不填 D.不填;a

3.The ________shoes were covered with mud,so I asked them to take them off before they got into ________car.(中) A.girl's;Tom's C.girls';Tom's B.girls';Toms' D.girl's;Toms?

4.These Germans want to have some _________for supper, so they decide to catch ______now.(中) A. fish, many C. fish, much B. fishes, much ? D. fishes, many ?

5.Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a(n)________of 40,000 per year.(中) A.average C.amount B.number D.quantity

6.Sam has been appointed _______ manager of the engineering department to take ____ place of George.(难) A. /, / B. the, / C the, the D./, the

7.I?ll spend half of my holiday practicing English and _______ half learning drawing.(中) A. another B. the other C. other?s D. other

2014 年新阳光教育同等学力备考
8.The rich ______not always happy.(中)? A. are B. is ? C. have D. has

9.Mother brought me_____.(中) A. a good news ? C. many good news ? B. a piece of news ? D. two news ?

Part Two Reading Comprehension (中) Directions: Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
One of the greatest contributions to the first Oxford English Dictionary was also one of its most unusual. In 1879, Oxford University in England asked Prof. James Murray to serve as editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language. It would include every English word possible and would give not only the definition but also the history of the word and quotations (引文)showing how it was used. This was a huge task. So Murrary had to find volunteers from Britain, the United States, and the British colonies to search every newspaper, magazine, and book ever written in English. Hundreds of volunteers responded, including William Chester Minor. Dr. Minor was an American Surgeon who had served in the Civil War and was now living in England. He gave his address as “Broadmoor, Crowthorne, Berkshire,”” 50 miles from Oxford. Minor joined the army of volunteers sending words and quotations to Murray. Over the next years, he became one of the staff?s most valued contributors. But he was also a mystery. In spite of many invitations, he would always decline to visit Oxford. So in 1897, Murray finally decided to travel to Crowthorne himself. When he arrived, he found Minor locked in a book-lined cell at the Broadmoor Asylum for the Criminally insane. Murray and Minor became friends, sharing their love of words. Minor continued contributing to the dictionary, sending in more than 10,000 submissions in 20 years. Murray continued to visit Minor regularly, sometimes taking walks with him around the asylum grounds. In 1910, Minor left Broadmoor for an asylum in his native America. Murray was at the port to wave goodbye to his remarkable friend. Minor died in 1920, seven years before the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed. The 12 volumes defined 414,825 words, and thousands of them were contributions from a very scholarly and devoted asylum patient. 21. According to the text, the first Oxford English Dictionary _________. A. ca me out before minor died B. was edited by an American volunteer C. included the English words invented by Murray

2014 年新阳光教育同等学力备考
D. was intended to be the most ambitious English dictionary

22. How did Dr. Minor contributed to the dictionary? A. He helped Murray to find hundreds of volunteers. B. He sent newspapers, magazines and books to Murray. C. He provided a great number of words and quotations D. he went to England to work with Murray.

23. Why did Dr. Minor refuse to visit Oxford? A. He was shut in an asylum C. He was busy writing a book B. He lived far from Oxford D. He disliked traveling

参考答案
一、词汇与语法 1.His parents raise hundreds of________,including four________. A.cattle;cows C.cattle;cow 答案:A 解析:cattle 为集体名词,形式上是单数,但是意义上是复数;cow 是可数名词,后加 s 构成复数形式。 B.cattles;cow D.cattles;cows

2.In ________most countries,a university degree can give you ________flying start in life. A.the;a C.不填;不填 答案:D 解析:复数名词 countries 表示泛指,之前不用冠词,故第一个空不填冠词;抽象名词 start 前有 flying 修饰,因此 被具体化,意为“一个飞跃性的开始” ,故第二个空填不定冠词 a。句意:在许多国家,一个大学学位能给你的人 生一个飞跃性的开始。 B.the;不填 D.不填;a

3.The ________shoes were covered with mud,so I asked them to take them off before they got into ________car. A.girl's;Tom's B.girls';Toms'

2014 年新阳光教育同等学力备考
C.girls';Tom's 答案:C 解析:考查名词的所有格形式。根据题干后半部分的 them 可知,第一个空应填对应复数名词的所有格 girls';第 二个空表示“汤姆的” ,故填 Tom's。 D.girl's;Toms?

4.These Germans want to have some _________for supper, so they decide to catch ______now. A. fish, many C. fish, much 答案:A 解析:当 fish 表示“鱼肉”的时候是不可数名词,当 fish 表示“鱼”的时候是可数名词,复数形式是 fishes。 B. fishes, much ? D. fishes, many ?

5.Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a(n)________of 40,000 per year. A.average C.amount 答案:A 解析:句意是去年考过驾照的学生人数达到了 20 万,平均每年 4 万。an average of 平均是。 B.number D.quantity

6.Sam has been appointed _______ manager of the engineering department to take ____ place of George. A. /, / 答案:D 解析:这道题考查冠词。 “山姆已经被指定代替乔治的位子,担当工程部的经理” 。在人名、称呼语或头衔的名词 前,要用到零冠词“/” 。后一个空是固定搭配 take the (one?s) place…代替。 7.I?ll spend half of my holiday practicing English and _______ half learning drawing. A. another 答案:B 句意:我将会用假期一半的时间练习英语,另外一般时间练习画画。 解答:此题考察 another, the other, other, other's 的形容词用法区别。other 一般不单独使用,其前经常有 冠词或其他形容词,如 B 选项的 the other,one...the other..,用于一个整体的两部分“一个??另一个”, 题干中将假期分成两部分,一部分用来学英语,一部分用来画画,符合题意。another 用作形容词时表示“又, 再”,other's 没有此种用法。 B. the other C. other?s D. other B. the, / C the, the D./, the

8.The rich ______not always happy.? A. are B. is ? C. have D. has

2014 年新阳光教育同等学力备考
答案:A ? 解析:the + adj / v-ed 表示一类人时,谓语要用复数.

9.Mother brought me_____.? A. a good news ? C. many good news ? 答案:B 解析:news 是不可数名词,所以排除 ABD。因为 news 不可数,所以当要表示数量的时候,要用量词 piece。 二、阅读 21. According to the text, the first Oxford English Dictionary _________. A. ca me out before minor died B. was edited by an American volunteer C. included the English words invented by Murray D. was intended to be the most ambitious English dictionary 【答案】D 【解析】根据第一段中的…serve as editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language 可知答案选 D。 B. a piece of news ? D. two news ?

22. How did Dr. Minor contributed to the dictionary? A. He helped Murray to find hundreds of volunteers. B. He sent newspapers, magazines and books to Murray. C. He provided a great number of words and quotations D. he went to England to work with Murray. 【答案】C 【解析】根据第三段的第一句话 Minor joined the army of volunteers sending words and quotations to Murray 可知 答案选 C。

23. Why did Dr. Minor refuse to visit Oxford? A. He was shut in an asylum C. He was busy writing a book 【答案】A 【解析】由第四段中的…he found Minor lo cked in a book-lined cell at the Broadmoor Asylum 可知,Minor 被关在 一家精神病院里,这是他不能去牛津的原因。 B. He lived far from Oxford D. He disliked traveling

2014 年新阳光教育同等学力备考

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