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初中状语从句讲解练习及答案


初中英语之------状语从句
1 时间状语从句:在一个句子中作时间状语的句子。 引导词: when(当?时候) while(当?时候) as(当?时候) after(在?以后) before(在?以前) as soon as(一?就) since(自从?到现在) till /until(直到?才) by the time(到?为止) 构成:引导词+陈述语序句子 2 原

因状语从句:在一个句子中作原因语的句子, 译作“因为” 。 连接词:由连词 because, since, as 引导, 也可由 for 引导。 举例:I didn’t go to school yesterday because I was ill. 3 条件状语从句 连接词:if 如果, unless (=if not) 除非。 (主将从现原则) 举例:If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go hiking. 4 目的、结果状语从句 目的状语从句是指在一个句子中充当目的状语的句子,译作“以此来.......” 。 结果状语从句是指在一个句子中充当结果状语的句子,译作“所以......或者如此??以致于” 。引导词: so that, so?that , in order that He came early so that he could get a good seat. The boy is so little that he can't go to school alone. 5 让步状语从句 让步状语从句是指在句子中作让步的状语的句子 连接词: though, although, even though, even if 译作“尽管??” 举例:Although he is rich, he is not happy.

状语从句其它引导词 1. 时间状语从句 常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, while, before, after, since , till, until 特殊引导词:一??就??:the minute, the moment, the second, eg: The moment she saw the little dog, she fell in love with it. 每次??:every time I didn’t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult. While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking. The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the guard. Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble. 2. 地点状语从句 常用引导词:where 特殊引导词:wherever 无论哪里, anywhere 任何地方, everywhere 每个地方 A new school will be built where it was a shopping center. Wherever you go, you should work hard. 状语从句练习

单项选择 1. John doesn't let everybody in the kitchen ______he could make his surprise dinner for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if

2. I would thank it ________you call back this afternoon for the doctor’s meeting. A. until B. if C. when D. that

3. As far as I am concerned(就我而言),education is about learning and the more you learn,_______ A. the better life will you get C. you will get the better life B. the better life you will get D. will you get the better life

4.After the war,a new school was built ________there had once been(曾经有) a theatre. A. that B. where C. which D. when

5. —Is Mr. Smith in the office? —Yes,________ he is in charge of the office,he must be there. A. since B. however C. whether D. for

6. As your good friend, I will do ________help you. A. that I can to B. what I can to C. all that I can D. what I can

7.Someone called me up in the middle of the night,but they hung up(挂断电话) ________I could answer the phone. A. as B. since C. until D. before

8.We must hurry up ________catch up with the last train. A. that B. so that to C. in order that D. in order to

9.No matter ________hard it may be,I will carry it out. A. what B. whatever C. how D. however

10.________ you may do,you must do it well. A. Which B. Whenever C. Whatever D. When

14.________ you are so weak,you’d better stay at home. A. Since B. For C. Because D. Though

15.I saw Mr. Smith last Sunday. We had not seen each other ________I left London. A. as B. before C. since D. till

16.I’ll be back before you ________. A. will leave B. will have left C. leave D. would leave

17. If the weather _________ tomorrow, we will go picnic in the central park. A will be fine B is fine C is going to be fine D have been fine

18.They went on working ________it was late at night. A. even if B. as if C. however D. as though

19.I hurried ________I wouldn’t be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless

20.The volleyball match will be put off if it ________. A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is raining

21.Although he is a great writer,________.

A. however his works are not widely read C. his works are not widely read

B. but his works are not widely read D. still his works are not widely read

22.The new secretary(秘书) will meet the manager as soon as she ________. A. will arrive B. is going to arrive C. arrives D. is arriving

23.I don’t care whether he stays ________goes. A. nor B. then C. or D. otherwise

24.Why do you want to find a new job ________you’ve got such a good one already? A. that B. where C. which D. when

25.________he is, he will be thinking of you. A. Wherever B. Where C. Now that D. As soon as

26.You should make it a rule(规则) to leave things ________you can find them again. A. when B. where C. then D. there

27.—Shall Brown come and play computer games? —No,________ he has finished his homework. A. when B. if C. unless D. once

28.________ you try,you will never succeed. A. If B. Until C. Since D. Unless

29.—The air is full of smoke and people are coughing(咳嗽). —It will get worse ________the government(政府) does something about the pollution(污染). A. but B. unless C. except D. if


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