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外研社高中英语必修一 module1 补习材料


Period Two Book I Module 1
Grammar 1. that 作代词,表“同类异物” : We are using a new textbook and Ms. Shen’s method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school. ? ―t

hat‖指代前面的―method of teaching‖. 英文中有时为了避免重复,常用 one/ones 或 that/those 来指代前面提到的人或物。 ? one/ones 为泛指,表特指时一般前面有定冠词 the 或 this/that 等指示词、形容词或后 置定语修饰。如: 1 ○泛指:A bridge made of stone is always stronger than one made of wood. = A bridge made of stone is always stronger than a bridge made of wood. 2 ○特指:The bridge on the right is older than the one on the left. ? that/those 相当于 the one/the ones,一般表示特指或指代不可数名词。如: 1 ○可数: The bridge made of stone is stronger than that made of wood. = The bridge made of stone is stronger than the one made of wood. 2 ○不可数:The climate of Beijing in summer is better than that of Nanjing. ? 轻巧辨析 that/one/it
that (=the+名词)可以替代可数名词(c.n),也可以替代不可数名词(u.n);与前面提到的 名词为同一类,但并非是同一个人或物(同类异物),而且必须有后置定语,其复 数形式为 those(也就是说当前面的名词是可数名词复数的时候) (泛指单数)代替前面出现的单数可数名词,表示泛指(同一类事物中的某一个),其 复数形式为 ones(同一类事物中的某几个)。可以有前置或后置定语。 one (the one 特指单数)表示前面同一类中的特定一个,当前面是可数名词单数时,可 以与 that 互换。可以有前置或后置定语。 it 特指上文提到的事物,可数不可数均可,也可以指婴儿或不知性别的人,复数形 式为 they/them。没有定语修饰时,就是上文所指的事物本身。

练习:用 that/those, one/ones, the one/the ones, it 等填空。 1. Our products are as good as _______________ made in American. 2. Famers always choose the best seed-heads, ________________ that had the best color. 3. Look at the man under that tree. __________ must be our headmaster. 4. — I want to have my watch fixed, but I can’t find a repair shop. — I know ___________ nearby. Come on, I’ll show you. 5. The book on the desk is thicker than ________________ in the drawer. 2. 分词作定语 The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called Ms. Shen. (后置定语) = The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman who is called Ms. Shen. (定语从句)
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注意:一般后置定语如果是-ed 形式,则表明与前面被修饰的名词是动宾(被动)关系,
如果是主谓(主动)关系则用-ing 形式,如: This is a factory making paper. = This is a factory which makes paper. 练习: ? The girl ________ (sell) flowers around the corner is very poor. ? When he came home, he found a note ___________ (stick) to his front door. ? The man ____________ (look) like his father is actually his uncle. ? There is a man at the door ___________ (call) himself John Smith, and he wants to see you. ? When he came to, he found a rock ______________ (tie) to his waist. 3. 一般现在时和现在进行时 1)一般现在时的用法: 1 ○He is a teacher. I live in Tianjin. _______________________________________________ 2 ○I get up at 5:30 every day. ____________________________________________________ 3 ○ The earth goes around the sun. _______________________________________________ 4 ○If he comes tomorrow, I will treat him to dinner. __________________________________ 2). 现在进行时的用法: 1 ○ He is doing his homework now. ______________________________________________ 2 ○ He is writing a new book these days. __________________________________________ 3 ○ You are always forgetting your homework. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 4 ○ He is leaving for Beijing tomorrow. ___________________________________________ go , come , leave ,arrive , see , have , lunch( 吃午饭 ) , return, dine ( 进餐,尤指晚餐 ) , work , sleep , stay , play , do , wear( 穿,戴 ) 等。 ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

Exercises For Senior Book I Module 1
I. Words and Expressions 1.It rained most of the time we were in England on holiday, which was pretty d____________. 2. He had earlier spent several years in the Middle East and spoke f__________ Arabic(阿拉伯 语). 3. Beckham is an ____________ football player.(极好的) 4. For further i_________ of our products, please visit our w_______ at www.seagate.com. 5. Today, there are still some companies that have a negative(消极的) a______ toward hiring(雇 佣) women. 6. We are happy that a lot of foreign friends were greatly i______ with the Beijing Olympic Games. 7. She told us that her family would move to another p________ from Shandong.
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8. Their b_______ towards me showed that they looked down upon me. 9. Reading c____________ is the most important of the English exam. 10. Be quiet and follow the on-screen _______________. (instruct) 11. Failing the exam became a great ____________ to me. (embarrass) 12. It is very __________ for us to find such an interesting place on the mountain. (excite) 13. The new student was very shy at her ______________ to the class. (introduce) 14. All the people in the Middle East are ________ a future in peace.(期盼) 15. By sunset we had c______ thirty miles. II. Multiple Choices 1. I soon found that the work I was doing had already been done by someone else. ______ I was wasting my time. A. in a word B. in other words C. upon my word D. in words 2. He plans to write a dictionary that will ___ the new words that have appeared in the past 10 years. A. spell B. pronounce C. correct D. cover 3. -- I usually have my breakfast at 7:00. -- ________. A. So do I B. So I have C. So I do D. So have I 4. I’ve got two tickets for tonight’s concert and ____________ my little sister. A. take B. have taken C. am taking D. took 5. ________ it is to jump into a river to swim on such a hot day. A. What a fun B. What fun C. How funny D. How a fun 6. The importance of diligence is strongly impressed ______ my memory. A. to B. over C. by D. on 7. Nobody likes him because he ____ lies to others. A. is always telling B. always tells C. does always tell D. has already told. 8. Hearing the ______ story, she had an ______ look on the face. A. amused; amusing B. amusing; amused C. amusing; amusing D. amused; amused 9. The businessmen carried food and water and returned with wool and other products until ____. A. 1920s B. the 1920 C. the 1920s D. in the 1920s 10. — I have been knocking at the door, but no one answers. — Why not ____ at the back door? A. try knocking B. try to knock C. to try knocking D. to try to knock 11. ---I’d like to book two tickets to Hainan for this weekend. ---Pardon, sir? I_____ quite catch you. A. didn’t B. won’t C. don’t D. can’t 12. The earth is ___ the moon. A. as big as 49 B. as big as 1/3 C. 1/3 time the size of D. 49 times bigger than 13. Nobody likes him because he ____ lies to others. A. is always telling B. always tells C. does always tell D. has already told.
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14. The teacher praised him for _____ he had _____. A. the progress; made B. the progress; made C .a progress; made D. the progress; take 15. He divided the sweets ____the children who were divided____ four groups. A. in, in B. into; into C. between; in D. among ;into III. Cloze I remember vividly (清晰地) that first English class in the last term of high school. We boys (there were no girls in the school) were____1___expectantly for the new teacher to appear. ____2____ through the door came a tall ordinary-looking man ____3___ about 40. He said shyly, ―Good afternoon, gentlemen.‖ His ____4____had a surprising tone (语调) of respect, almost as if he were addressing the Supreme Court (最高法院) ____5___ a group of youngsters. He wrote his ____6___ on the blackboard –Wilmer T. Stone --- _____7___ sat on the front of his desk. ―Gentlemen,‖ he began, ―we are now this ____8___ – your last – to continue your study of ____9___. I know we shall ____10____ learning with and from one another. We are going to learn ____11____ about journalism(新闻写作) and how to get out your weekly school paper. ____12____, we are going to try to feel the ____13____ of good literature ____14____ some of us will really get interested in reading and writing. A man who reads lives ____15____. A man who _____16____, walks the earth with a blindfold (蒙眼布,眼罩). If I has to put all my ____17____ into a single word, it would be browsed(广泛浏览).‖ Mr Stone went on like that, ____18____ in a friendly and understanding tone. The end of the class came _____19____ soon. And we boys had to leave the classroom _____20____ an unexpected feeling of excitement. 1. A. waiting B. looking C. asking D. calling 2. A. Before B. After C. Long before D. Before long 3. A. for B. of C. at D. on 4. A. spirit (精神) B. voice C. appearance (外表) D. attitude 5. A. besides B. except C. instead D. instead of 6. A. address B. telephone C. name D. word 7. A. then B. but C. so D. only 8. A. month B. season C. year D. term 9. A. maths B. chemistry C. English D. physics . 10. A. begin B. enjoy C. practice D . suggest 11. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. All 12. A. Really B. Especially C. Possibly D. Truly 13. A. joy B. sorrow C. anger D. excitement 14. A. But B. Then C. Maybe D. Surely 15. A. life B. a life C. much life D. many live 16. A. does B. doesn’t C. must D. needn’t 17. A. praise B. trust C. advice D. promise
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18. A. speaking B. spoke C. telling D. told 19. A. again B. just C. too much D. much too 20. A. on B. of C. with D. at IV. Reading Comprehension It was Monday. Mrs. Smith's dog was hungry, but there was not any meat in the house. Considering that there was no better way. Mrs. Smith took a piece of paper, and wrote the following words on it: ―Give my dog half a pound of meat.‖Then she gave the paper to her dog and said gently:―Take this to the butcher(*person whose job is selling meat). and he's going to give you your lunch today.‖ Holding the piece of paper in its mouth, the dog ran to the butcher's. It gave the paper to the butcher. The butcher read it carefully, recognized that it was really the lady's handwriting and soon did it as he was asked to. The dog was very happy, and ate the meat up at once. At noon, the dog came to the shop again. It gave the butcher a piece of paper again. After reading it. He gave it half a pound of meat once more. The next day, the dog came again exactly at noon. And as usual, it brought a piece of paper in the mouth. This time, the butcher did not take a look at paper, and gave the dog its meat, for he had regarded the dog as one of his customers (*people who buy sth. from a shop). But, the dog came again at four o'clock. And the same thing happened once again. To the butcher's more surprise, it came for the third time at six o'clock, and brought with it a third piece of paper. The butcher felt a bit puzzled. He said to himself, ―This is a small dog. Why does Mrs. Smith give it so much meat to eat today?‖ Looking at the piece of paper, he found that there were not any words on it! 6. Mrs. Smith treated her little dog quite_________. A. cruelly B. fairly C. kindly D. friendly 7. It seemed that the dog knew well that the paper Mrs. Smith gave it_______. A. might do it much harm B. could do it much good C. would help the butcher D. was worth many pounds 8. The butcher did not give any meat to the dog __________. A. before he felt sure that the words were really written by Mrs Smith B. when he found that the words on the paper were not clear C. because he had sold out all the meat in his shop D. until he was paid enough by Mrs. Smith 9. From its experience, the dog found that ________. A. only the paper with Mrs. Smith's words in it could bring it meat B. the butcher would give the meat to it whenever he saw it C. Mrs. Smith would pay for the meat it got from the butcher D. a piece of paper could bring it half a pound of meat 10. At the end of the story, you'll find that _______. A. the dog was clever enough to write on the paper
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B. the dog dared not go to the butcher's any more C. the butcher was told not to give any meat to the dog D. the butcher found himself cheated (*act in a way that is not honest) by the clever animal V. Complete the passage. Use the words you think proper. Our flight, KE481, took off at 3 o’clock in the afternoon. The plane1_______ at midnight and Sarah 2________ us at the airport. Then she took us to the hotel 3________taxi. In the morning we got up early and started our sightseeing by ferry. Very soon we arrived at the well-known island. We were so attracted by the three Ss: sea, sunshine and sand. When we saw the 4________, we all jumped with 5________, put on our swimming suits and went 6________ happily. Let us tell you, it is 7________ interesting than in a swimming pool. Soon it was 11:30 and we had 8________ cooked by experts in a seafood restaurant. And in the 9________ three days, we visited many interesting places and all in all, we 10________ ourselves and had a good time. VI. Translation 1.教师不应只关注学生的学业。 (academic) ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. 如果不按照说明服用这种药,病人可能有危险。 (instruct) ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. 给人留下良好的第一印象是很重要的。 (impression) ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 这部感人的电影把我感动哭了。 (move) ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 学生们对这项活动热情很高,并且他们的成果也令人惊讶。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. 你对别人的行为反应了你对他们的态度。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 6. 英语考试不及格真丢人,我觉得难堪极了。 (embarrass) ______________________________________________________________________________ 7. 他英语和法语的流利让老板十分满意。 (impress) ______________________________________________________________________________ 8. 作为老师,我们在课堂上不应只改正学生的错误,也要给他们许多鼓励。 ______________________________________________________________________________

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