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2015届英语总复习book1 unit1


英语

人教版

Book 1
Unit 1 Friendship

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Ⅰ.重点单词识记 1. ignore 2. calm 3. series 5. partner 6.upset
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/I ɡ′n?? / vt.不理睬;忽视 /kɑ? m/

adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的;vt.& /′sI ?ri? z/ n.连续;系列 /′pɑ? tn?/ n.伙伴;合作者,合伙人 /? ?p′set/ adj.心烦意乱的; 不适的; 不安的;
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vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定 4. outdoors /? a ?t′d?? z/ adv.在户外;在野外

vt.使不安;使心烦;弄翻;打翻

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7. dislike /dIs′laI k/ n.& vt.不喜欢,厌恶 8.grateful /′greI tfl/ adj.感激的;表示谢意的 9.concern /k?n′s ?? n/ vt.(使)担忧;涉及;关系到;n.担心; 关注;(利害)关系→concerned adj.担心的;忧虑的 10. entire /In′taI ?/ adj.整个的;完全的;全部的 → entirely adv.完全地;全然地;整个地 11. settle /′setl/ v.定居,安家;停留;解决;安排

→ settlement n.定居点;解决
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12. suffer /′s?f?/ v.遭受;忍受;经历→suffering n. 折磨;苦难 13.disagree /? d Is ?′ɡri? / vi.不同意→ agree v.(反义词) 同意→ agreement n.同意;协议 14. exact /I ɡ′z?kt/ adj.精确的;准确的;严谨的→ exactly adv.确实如此,正是;确切地 15. power /′pa??/ n.能力;权力→ powerful adj.强 大的 16. recover /rI ′k?v?/ vt.& vi.痊愈;重新获得→ recovery n.康复;找回
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Ⅱ.重点短语识记 1. add up 2. calm (...) down 4. go through 5. set down 6. a series of 7. on purpose
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合计 (使)平静下来;(使)镇定下来

3. be concerned about 关心;挂念 经历;经受 放下;记下;登记 一连串的;一系列;一套 故意
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8. in order to 9. at dusk 10. face to face 为了?? 在黄昏时刻 面对面地

11. suffer from 遭受;患病 12. get/be tired of 对??厌烦 13. pack (sth.) up 将(东西)装箱打包 14. get along with 与??相处;进展 15. fall in love 16. join in
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相爱;爱上 参加;加入
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Ⅲ.经典原句默写与背诵 1. While walking the dog ,you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 遛狗时你不小心把狗松开了,狗被汽车撞了。 2.You will tell him/her that he/she should have studied, so you don’t let him/her look at your paper. 你将告诉他/ 她说他/ 她过去本该学习,因此你不许他 / 她看你的卷子。
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3.I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变 得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。 4....it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face... ??这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚??
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5. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced. 透过(窗帘)观看这些已经不再是乐趣, 因为大自然是你 必须亲身体验的。

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语境填词——常用单词自测
1.All children like to play

outdoors

(outdoor)

instead of staying indoors when the weather is fine. 2.Not having been cleaned for months,the books on the shelf were

dusty

(dust).

3.The big earthquake that happened in Yushu destroyed the town of Yushu
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entirely

(entire).

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4.Our parents are

concerned

about our health

and future.As far as I’m should talk with them.(concern)

concerned

,we

5.Never before has our country been so powerful (power) as it is today. 6.He stood up suddenly, upsetting of tea.
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(upset) a cup

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7.The doctor had given her up but she made an excellent

recovery

(recover).

8.Some people say that man is naturally a hunter.I express disagreement (disagree) with this view. 9.This race,which went on for exactly (exact) four months,was the last of its kind. 10.European

settlement (settle) began in 1840 when

the British arrived.
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1. upset adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;v.?upset, upset,upsetting? 乱;扰乱;打翻
be upset about/at/over为??烦恼 upset oneself about sth.为某事而烦恼 It upsets sb.that...让某人心烦的是??
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使不安;使心烦;打

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Don’t be upset about it—no harm has been done. 不要为那事烦恼,没有造成损失。

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【夯实基础】 (1)用upset的适当形式填空 ①She sounded upset when I said you couldn’t come. ②She warned me not to say anything to upset him. ③I will never see him again and that is a terribly

upsetting

thought.
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(2)—What’s the matter with her? —She is really upset over/at/about not finding a job. ——她怎么了? ——她为没找到工作而心烦意乱。 (3)翻译句子 我心烦意乱,很想哭。

I was so upset that I felt like crying.
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2. ignore v.不理睬;忽视;不顾

ignorance n.无知;愚昧;不知道 out of/through ignorance出于无知 ignorant adj.无知的;愚昧的;不知道的 be ignorant of不知道??

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What’s worse,they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake,totally ignoring the noticeable sign “No Littering” nearby. 更糟的是,他们随地吐痰,甚至把垃圾扔到湖里,完 全无视附近“禁止扔垃圾”的警告牌。 (2012· 福建· 书面表达)

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【夯实基础】 (1)用ignore的适当形式填空 ①They fought a long battle against prejudice and

ignorance .
②People don’t like to ask questions for fear of appearing

ignorant

.

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(2)将划线句子进行同义句改写 —Tom is always saying I’ m ugly,Mom. — Just ignore him. my eyes. You are the most beautiful in

Don’t mind/care about it.

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3. calm adj.镇静的,沉着的(not excited,upset,etc.); 风平浪静的;无风的; v.(使)平静,(使)镇静 calm sb.down 使某人平静下来 keep/be/stay calm 保持镇静 calm down 平静?镇静?下来

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The black pencil,on the other hand,remains calm. 另一方面,那只黑色铅笔却保持平静。 (2012· 北京· 开放作文) It is not easy to calm the excited man down. 很难使那个激动的人平静下来。

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【夯实基础】 (1) Do keep calm in an emergency ,or things will get even worse. 在遇到紧急情况时一定要保持镇静,否则情况会 更糟。 (2)翻译句子 面对危险,他保持镇静。

He remained/stayed/kept calm in facing the danger.
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4. concern v.影响?affect?;涉及?involve?,与??有关?be connected with?;让?某人?担忧?be worried about?;n.担 心,忧虑;关心

concerned adj.担心的;忧虑的;感兴趣的 as far as sb.be concerned就某人而言 be concerned about/for ?concern oneself about/for? 对??担心/关心 be concerned with sb./sth.?concern oneself with sb./sth? 与??有关 concerning prep.关于
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It is love and concern that have brought about the great changes. 是爱和关心带来了这巨大的变化。 (2011· 福建· 书面表达) As far as I’m concerned,riding bicycles is a good solution. 就我而言,骑自行车是一个好的解决办法。 (2011· 江西· 写作)
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【夯实基础】 (1) 用concern的适当形式填空 ①For more information contact I,Coldwell. ②I just spoke with a very

concerning

the club

concerned

mother. about

③Government officials remain concerned the fragility(脆弱) of the financial sector.
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(2)同义句改写 Because he was concerned about the farm

workers,Premier Wen visited them again at the beginning of 2012.(用过去分词短语改写句子)

Concerned about the farm workers,Premier

Wen visited them again at the beginning of 2012.

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5. power n.能力;力量;权力;动力 come to/into power掌权;上台 in one’s power在某人的掌控中 do all in one’s power尽力而为

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She is said to have the power of foreseeing the future. 据说她有预测未来的能力。 She interviewed six women who have reached positions of great power and influence. 她采访了 6 名身居高位,并且颇具影响力的女士。

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【夯实基础】 同义句改写 He told her that he would do everything in his power to prove that he was the man for her. (1)He told her that he would 句的复合句) (2)He told her that he would do his best to prove that he was the man for her.(用do one’s best改写句子)
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do what he could

to

prove that he was the man for her.(改为含有what从

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6. settle v.?使?定居;平静下来;结束;决定;确定 settle down稳定;定居;坐下;平静下来 settle down to开始专心做???to是介词? settle in定居;习惯于;适应 settle on/upon决定??;选定??

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They settled down to a serious discussion over coffee. 他们喝着咖啡,开始认真讨论问题。 But he finally settled on literature,particularly drama and poetry. 但是,他最终决定(选择)文学,侧重于戏剧和诗歌。

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【夯实基础】 (1)完成句子 ① With all the difficult problems settled ,the boss went abroad for a trip. 由于所有的难题都解决了,老板去国外旅行了。 ②I’m glad to learn that Boston. 获悉你已在波士顿定居我很高兴。
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you’ve settled down

in

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(2)同义句改写 They finally settled to buy the car.(用动名词作宾语改 写句子)

They finally settled on/upon buying the car.

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7. suffer v.?因疾病、痛苦、悲伤等?受苦,受难,受折 磨?to be badly affected?;遭受,经受?experience?; 得??病 suffer pain/defeat/hardship 遭受痛苦/失败/艰难 suffer from受??折磨;患??病 suffering n.痛苦;苦恼;让人痛苦的事
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On the other hand,they also suffer from less respect and lower pay,working all day on the street whether it shines strongly or snows,winds heavily. 另一方面,他们不受尊重,报酬很低,整天在马路上劳 作,不管烈日炎炎还是狂风暴雪。 (2013·广东· 读写任务) Our earth is suffering severe damage. 我们的地球正遭受着严重的破坏。(2013· 江苏· 书面表达)
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【特别提醒】 suffer和suffer from一般不用于被动语态。 【夯实基础】 用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)After the flooding,people were suffering (suffer) in that area,who urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive.
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(2)Shortly after

suffering (suffer) from a massive

earthquake and being reduced to ruins,the city took on a new look. (3)—It is reported that the government has lightened the burden on the students. —Oh,today we are still heavy school work,

suffering (suffer) from

aiming (aim) at preparing us

for the entrance examination.
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8. recover v.痊愈;康复;找回;重新获得

recover from从??中恢复 recover oneself恢复正常;使清醒 recover losses/one’s lost watch弥补损 失/找回失去的手表 recovery n.康复,恢复

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With my special care,my mother recovered quickly. 在我的细心照料下,母亲很快就康复了。 (2013· 北京· 情景作文) Seeing her lying in bed with her leg wrapped in bandages,we felt sorry for her and hoped that she would recover soon. 看到她腿缠绷带躺在床上我们都很难过并希望她能尽 快康复。
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(2011· 北京· 情景作文)
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【夯实基础】 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①She soon recovered her lecture. ②The boy made a quick his cold.
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herself (she) and went on with
recovery

(recover) from

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(2)同义词语替换 Share prices on the Stock Exchange plunged sharply in the morning but recovered slightly in the went up afternoon.

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选词填空——常用短语自测
go through get along with add up face to face

fall in love with 1.I’ve always found him a bit difficult to get along

with
2.I

.

fell in love with

him the first time I saw

the young man.
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3.He’s amazingly cheerful considering all he’s had to

go through

.

4.If you want to know the total,you’d better add up the numbers. 5. I am going to have an interview with your manager.I mean that I’m going to interview him face to face.

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1. add up 合计,加起来;合情理
add up to加起来达到,总计为;意味着,结果是 add to增添 add...to...把??加到??里
The heavy rain added to the difficulty in rescuing the buried people. 大雨增加了营救被掩埋群众的困难。
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【图解助记】

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【夯实基础】

(1)用add短语的适当形式填空 ①I don’t think these facts

add up to anything.

②Well,I could be wrong,but it all seems to add up . ③The letter

added to

tensions between western

and eastern EU members.
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(2)单句改错 The money he spent within a month was added up to more than 1,000 dollars.

was added up to→added up to
(3)翻译句子 你想在咖啡里加些牛奶吗?

Would you like to add some milk to your coffee?
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2. go through 经历, 经受?experience?; 仔细查看?go over?; ?法律等?通过; 用完?use up?; 浏览?look through

get through 通过;接通电话;用完 look through 浏览;往??里面看 break through 冲破;突破 see through 看穿;识破 pull through 康复;渡过难关
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I always start the day by going through my mail. 我每天总是先看邮件。 She was able to get through to me by email. 她通过电子邮件能和我联系上。

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【夯实基础】 (1)用through短语的适当形式填空 ①They will never forget the experience they went

through last year.
②Everyone was very concerned whether he would

pull through
③We finally atmosphere.
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or not.

broke through

the unfriendly

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(2)同义词语替换 It’s the love and responsibility that have driven him to go through many hardships and survive.

experience

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3. set down放下?put down?;记下?write down?; 登记;让??下车
set aside留出;置于一边 set off动身;引爆;引起 set about ?doing? sth.着手?做??? set out ?to do...?开始;着手?做??? set up竖立;建立;张贴 set an example树立榜样 be set in以??为背景
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I wonder if the school could place more dustbins around and set up specific rules against such behaviour. 我想知道学校是否能在周围多设几个垃圾箱并制定特 别的规则反对这种行为。 (2011· 浙江· 书面表达) She has set a good example for us. 她为我们树立了一个好榜样。 (2010· 浙江· 书面表达)
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【夯实基础】 (1)用set短语的适当形式填空 ①His joke set the audience off laughing. a certain

②Some doctors advise

setting aside

hour each day for exercise. ③Passengers may be set down and picked up only at the official stops.
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(2)同义句改写 ①In much of the animal world,night is the time which is set aside for sleep pure and simple.(用过去 分词短语改写句子)

In much of the animal world,night is the time set aside for sleep pure and simple.

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②Traditionally,college students hold a graduation ceremony to encourage themselves before they set off on their life journey.(改为简单句)

Traditionally,college students hold a graduation ceremony to encourage themselves before setting
off on their life journey.

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4. in order to为了

in order not to do...为了不做?? in order for sb.to do...为了让某人做?? so as to do...为了做?? in order that/so that后接从句,为了??

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In order to encourage the students to take outdoor exercise,our school organized a mountainclimbing on April 10. 为了鼓励学生进行户外锻炼,我们学校在4月10号组织了爬山活 动。 (2013· 江西· 书面表达)

So,in order to increase people’s awareness of protecting polar bears,I apply for the spokesman for polar bears sincerely. 因此,为了提高人们保护北极熊的意识,我真诚申请为北极熊代 言。
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(2011· 重庆· 书面表达)
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句法与语法突破 语法填空突破

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【特别提醒】 in order to与so as to都可以表示目的,但so as to不能用 于句首,而in order to既可置于句首,也可置于句中。 两者都可转换成in order that/so that引导的状语从句。

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【夯实基础】 (1)单句改错 All these gifts must be mailed immediately so as to receive in time for Christmas. (2)同义句改写 Members work hard so as to support each other and not let the team down.(用so that改写为复合句)

receive→be received

Members work hard so that they can support

each other and not let the team down.
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(3)翻译句子 我们学习知识,这样,我们就能变得聪明。

We learn in order to become wise./We learn
in order that we can become wise.

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句法与语法突破 语法填空突破

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5. get along with和??相处;进展

get about/round传播;流传;四处走动 get across讲清楚;被领会 get down to开始认真做 get over克服;控制;恢复过来

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Besides,I’m easy to get along with and I like to make friends. 而且,我容易相处,也喜欢交朋友。 (2011· 辽宁· 书面表达)

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【夯实基础】 (1)用get短语的适当形式填空 ①News soon got around that he had resigned. ②No matter how I explain,I just can’t get it

across ③They

to her. got over

many difficulties in their your new

English study. ④How are you roommates?
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getting along with
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(2)同义词语替换 Team leaders must ensure that all members overcome their natural desire to avoid the embarrassment associated with making mistakes.

get over

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句法与语法突破
完成句子——常用句式自测

Having suffered from heart trouble (患心脏病) for years, 1.
he has to take medicine with him wherever he goes. 2. While (he was) working (工作的时候),he stopped to talk with me at times. 3.The fire lasted about four hours

before the firefighters

could control it (消防队员才把它控制住). 4. It was the third time (这是第三次) that she had come to
this mountain village to see the children. 5.What is it that(是什么) you are going to do tonight?
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重点突破的句式
1. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.我不知道这 是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对 一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。

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句法与语法突破 语法填空突破

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句型公式:强调句型 ?1?强调句型的基本结构为:It is/was+被强调部分+ that/who+其他部分?若被强调的是人,可用 that 或 who;若被强调的部分是其他时,一律用 that?。另外 要注意:原句的谓语动词不能被强调。 ?2?强调句的一般疑问句结构为: Is/Was it +被强调部 分+that/who...?
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句法与语法突破

?3?强调句的特殊疑问句结构为:疑问词+ is/was it+ that/who...? ?4?对 not...until...句型中的时间状语?从句?进行强调时 的结构为:It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其 他部分。

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In a word,it is polite words that will make your life become convenient. 总之,礼貌用语会使你的生活更方便。 (2010· 江西· 书面表达) It was not until the area was seriously polluted that they realized that it was high time to take action to stop pollution. 直到这个地方被严重污染了他们才认识到该采取行动阻 止污染了。
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【夯实基础】 用强调句型改写句子 I met him in the countryside last year. (1) It was I that/who met him in the countryside

last year. (强调主语)
(2) It was him that/who I met in the countryside

last year.
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(强调宾语)
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(3) It was in the countryside that I met him last year. (强调地点状语) (4) It was last year that I met him in the countryside. (强调时间状语)

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2. I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends.很遗憾你在交友方面出现了问题。 句型公式:have trouble ?in? doing sth. have difficulty/trouble ?in? doing...做??有困难 ?麻烦? have difficulty/trouble with sth.??有困难?麻烦?

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There is some/no difficulty/trouble ?in? doing sth.做??时 有一些/没有困难 do sth.with/without difficulty/trouble做??有/没有困难 take trouble to do...费力做?? take the trouble to do sth.不怕费事/不辞辛劳地做某事

I have some trouble with the work. 我做这项工作有些困难。
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句法与语法突破
【夯实基础】 (1)同义句改写 I had no trouble finding your home. ① I found your home without trouble. (用without短语改 写句子) ② There was no trouble (in) finding your home. (用there be句型改写句子)
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(2)翻译句子 你能想象出解决这个问题时我遇到的困难吗?

Can you imagine the trouble I had (in) settling
the problem?

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单元语法
把下列直接引语变为间接引语 (1)He said,“I’m going to Beijing.” →He said

that

he

was

going to Beijing.

(2)He asked,“Are you a teacher?” →He asked me if/whether I was
基础知识排查

a teacher.

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句法与语法突破
(3)The geography teacher said,“The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.” →The geography teacher told us that the sun rises the east and in

sets

in the west.

(4)She says,“I’ll never forget the days in the country.” →She says that country. (5)He said to me,“What’s your name?” →He asked me what my name was .
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she’ll never forget

the days in the

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句法与语法突破 语法填空突破

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Ⅰ.教材活用——根据课文内容完成下面的短文 A best friend is someone 1. whom you can tell everything to,even your most 2. personal (person) feelings and thoughts.Anne Frank treated her diary 3. as her best friend. The German Nazis were in search of Anne and her family.The family had to hide away from the chase.They 4. didn’t dare
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(not dare) to go out even in the evenings.
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5. They had to stay indoors day and night.Not 6. being

(be) able to go out for such a long time,Anne missed the beauty of nature so much that she grew crazy about everything to do with 7. it .She stayed up until eleven thirty one evening on purpose just to see 8. the moonlight. She said,“This is the first time I have seen the moonlight 9. since
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I came here.”
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10 . Unfortunately (unfortunate) , the family were discovered at last and taken away from the hiding place.

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Ⅱ.课外拓展——阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 David:1. Where Jane:2. It would you live if you could choose?

is very difficult to say.If I were very rich,I’d

certainly choose Paris.

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David:3. What would you do if you lived in Paris?

Jane: Oh, I’d have a house by the Seine, and I could enjoy the scenery. David: You’d soon get 4. tired (tire) of it.And what about the United States? Jane:I wouldn’t live in New York.It is too 5. noisy (noise). David:How 6. about Los Angeles?

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Jane:Los Angeles wouldn’t be 7. a bad idea. David:It is 8. said (say) that the sun shines every day in Los Angeles.I’d like to live there. Jane:As a matter of fact,I’d live in any city 9. where I had friends. David:I 10. would friends.
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also like to live in a city with a lot of good

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