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M6U3语言点(教师版)


江苏省海门中学 2012 级高二英语导学案

编制:邢季

校对:沈翠苹

M6U3

Understanding each other (教师版)

Welcome-Reading
1. Can you tell me about some cultural differences you have found? (P34 L5) difference n. make a/ no/ some … difference(to sb./sth.) 对某人/ 某事物有,没有,有些….作用或影响 It makes no difference (to sb.) whether… 1) 这雨对比赛没多大关系。The rain didn’t make much difference to the game. 2) 你今天去还是明天去无关紧要. It won’t make much difference whether you go today or tomorrow. tell the difference between A and B in sth. 辨别/讲出 A 和 B 在…方面的不同 different adj. be different from 与….不同/ 有区别 differ vi. 不同;不一样;有区别 differ from/in… 1) 我们的风俗习惯与美国不一样。Our customs differ from those in America. 2) 他俩个性差异明显。They differ greatly in personality. 实战演练: Grades would _______ from one or two, for outstanding or excellent, to six or seven, for poor or very poor. (2011 池州一中模拟) A. suffer B. differ C. come D. range 2. …and everyone congratulated the new couple because it was considered very lucky. (P34 L21) congratulate sb on sth. 恭喜某人某事 他们祝贺杰克订了婚。 They congratulated Jack on his engagement. Oh, it’s a celebration that takes place on November 5th every year. (P35 L49) celebrate vt. celebrate one’s birthday celebration n. 短语:in celebration of 为了庆祝 have/hold a celebration 举行庆祝会 这晚会是为了庆祝母亲的银婚的。 The party was in celebration of mother’s silver wedding. 类似短语: in memory of 为了纪念…… in honor of 为了庆祝,为了纪念 in praise of 为了颂扬,为了歌颂 in view/terms/spite of 3. …, alcohol is not permitted at the wedding reception— in fact, alcohol is altogether prohibited in Brunei. (P34 L26-27) prohibit vt. 禁止 prohibit sth./ prohibit sb. from doing n. prohibition 1) 厂内严禁吸烟。Smoking is strictly prohibited inside the factory. 2) 你听说过一个规定禁止医生对自己的服务做广告吗? Have you heard of a rule prohibiting doctors from advertising their services? prohibition (against/ on sth.)
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江苏省海门中学 2012 级高二英语导学案

编制:邢季

校对:沈翠苹

a prohibition against selling alcohol to people under the age of 18 禁止向 18 岁以下的人出售酒 同义短语:forbid sb. to do sth./ forbid sb. from doing / forbid doing 实战演练: The school headmaster forbids _______ during office hours. And all of the teachers _______ at school. A. from smoking, forbid from smoking B. to smoke, are forbidden from smoking C. smoking, are forbidden to smoke D. to smoke, are forbidden smoking 4. It’s quite funny watching the new foreign teachers trying to adjust to doing that. L37) adjust (1) vt. 调整, 调节 1) 我必须调一下手表,时间慢了. I must adjust my watch; it is slow. 2) 桌椅可调节以适应孩子的身高. The desks and seats can be adjusted to the height of any child. (2) vt.&vi. 使适应 adjust (oneself) to sth/to doing sth (使)适应/适合 她的眼睛过了几秒钟才适应这黑暗. It took a few seconds for her eyes to adjust to the darkness. adjustable adj. 可调动的, 可调节的 The height of the steering wheel is adjustable. adjustment n. make adjustments to sth. 她对照相机的聚焦作出了一些细微的调整. She made a few minor adjustments to the focus of her camera. (P35

5. I think it’s just like the way we Chinese set off fireworks. (P37) set off 的多种含义: set off for Europe 出发= set out set off a bomb/fireworks 引爆/燃放 set off a heated discussion 引起,引发 a red dress that set off her marvelous complexion 衬托出 拓展: I try to set aside some time each day to do some exercises. 节省,腾出 Let’s set aside my personal feelings and go on with the work. 不理会,搁置 Police set up road-blocks on routes leading out of the city. 树立 He has written a letter to The Times setting out his views. 陈述,阐明 set out to do sth.= set about doing sth 开始做某事 实战演练: It’s ten years since the scientist _______ on his life’s work of discovering the valuable chemical. A. made for B. set out C. took off D. turned up

Word power-Project
1. …., he never left his home town, let alone travelled to another country,… let alone (1) (通常用于否定句中)更不用说
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(P41)

江苏省海门中学 2012 级高二英语导学案

编制:邢季

校对:沈翠苹

1) 我今天病得连厨房那么远都走不动,更不用说陪你逛动物园了。 I'm so sick today that I couldn’t walk as far as the kitchen, let alone go to the zoo with you. 2) 他付不起房租,更别提度假了 He can’t afford his rent, let alone a holiday. (2) let/ leave sb. alone 不理会,不管 你就不能单独让我呆会儿吗? Can’t you let/ leave me alone? 2. I have no idea what he will do them all, and it took up a lot of time. (P42) take up 的多种含义: take up time/room 占时间/地方 take up Spanish 从事(职业,兴趣)开始学习 take up arms 拿起,举起 武器 take up the story where she left off 继续讲 拓展: take on 雇佣/呈现,承担 take off 脱下,起飞,成功 take in 吸收,受骗=deceive take down 记下 ,拆除 Jack will take over the company in two weeks. 接管 3. He seemed to give out a lot of business cards and got a bit upset… (P42) give out 的多种含义: (1) give out papers=hand out 分发 (2) give out (light, heat, or a signal [= emit] 发出(声音,光线,气味) (3) The news of the president’s death was given out on the radio yesterday.宣布 (4) Just as I approached the town, my legs finally gave out. 筋疲力尽,用完。耗尽(无被动) (5) Her patience finally gave out. 她的耐心终于耗完了。 拓展: 释放(气体.射线) give off 泄露;赠送 give away 放弃 give up 屈服 give in 实战演练: 1. What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has ______? A. given out B. put out C. held up D. used up 2. She tried hard to keep calm in face of the students, but the sweat on her forehead ______ her ______. A. gave away B. give out C. give up D. give off 4. The breaking of a taboo is usually upsetting or embarrassing for the person concerned… (P43) concern n./v. (1) There is growing concern about teenagers’ eyesight.人们对于青少年的视力越来越关注 (2) Don’t interfere in what doesn’t concern you. 不要干涉和你无关的事。 (3) a report that concerns drug abuse 与毒品泛滥有关的报道 就某人/某物而言 as /so far as sb./ sth. is concerned (1) As far as I’m concerned, you can do what you like. (2) The car is fine as far as the engine is concerned。 就发动机来看,这车很好。
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江苏省海门中学 2012 级高二英语导学案

编制:邢季

校对:沈翠苹

be concerned about/for/over 对….关心 be concerned with 与.....有关 (1) 他的新书与失业问题有关。 Her latest book is concerned with youth unemployment. (2)我们很关心你的安全。 We’re all concerned about your safety. concerning prep. 关于= regarding = as regards = in/with regard to a letter concerning your complaint 投诉信 实战演练: ________that he was not qualified for the job, he decided to take another course. A. Concerning B. Being concerned C. Concerned D. Having concerned 5. This means they need to move around to hunt for food in the Arctic Circle. hunt v. 打猎 hunt deer in the forest hunt for 搜捕,找寻 警察正在搜捕抢劫银行的抢劫犯。 The police are hunting for the thieves who robbed the bank. (P46 L10))

6. You will have the chance to join one of these large assemblies and take part in the dancing, listen to traditional accounts of bravery,… (P46 L17)) account n. (1) 报告;描述 give sb. an account of sth. 请你告诉我你旅行的情况。 Please give me an account of your trip. (2) 账目 open a bank account The accounts show we have spent more than we received. 账目表明我们支出多于收入。 on account of sth. = because of sth. = due to 因为, 由于 由于健康的缘故,他不喝酒。He doesn't drink alcohol on account of his health. on no account 决不 我绝不会原谅你的,除非你给我道歉。 On no account will I forgive you unless you apologize to me. take sth. into account=take account of sth.= take sth. into consideration 考虑到,顾及 v. account for (1)解释,说明(2) 占有…百分比 (1) 他因病缺席. His illness accounts for his absence. (2) 日本市场占该公司收入的 35%. The Japanese accounts for 35% of the company’s income. 7. There are many different tribes that belong to the Native American Indian group. (P47 L48-49) belong to 属于,是……的成员 (1) 这座房子原是属于我祖父的。The house belonged to my grangdfather. (2) 汤姆的字典不见了。The dictionary belonging to Tom is missing. n. belongings (pl) 所属物品,财物 Please ensure that you have all your belongings when you leave the train. 下车以前,请检查一下自己的物品是否齐全。

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