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Module Two Unit 3


Manner n. (1) (sing.) 方式,方法 (= way) eg: Patients should be treated in a friendly manner. (2) (sing.) 态度,样子 eg: He has an absent-minded manner. eg: I don’t like her manner as she’s very hostile. (3) (pl.) 礼貌 good manners 有礼貌 bad manners 没礼貌 eg: It’s bad manners to interrupt someone. (合成词)good/well-mannered 有礼貌的 bad/ill-mannered 没礼貌的

Different Manners

In China and western countries

Shaking hands ?Saying “Hello!", "Where are you going?", "Where have you been?", or "Have you had your dinner?".

Manners in China

Manners in western countries
Shaking hands ?Kissing ?Embracing ?Saying "Good morning", "Good afternoon", "Good evening".

Manners in western countries

You shouldn’t send yellow and white flowers to others because they are considered to be unlucky.

Manners in western countries
Good morning, John!

You can call the senior’s name when you meet each other.

Manners in western countries

If somebody invite you to dinner you

must arrive in time,
but you can’t visit too early.

Manners in western countries

Ladies first!

Men usually give seats to women on a bus or in other public places.

Good Manners and

bad Manners

? Manners are important to happy relations among people. No one likes a person with bad manners.

Good manners

? A person with good manners never laugh at people when they are in trouble, instead, he tries to help them.

? When he asks for something, he says “please”. And when he receives something, he usually says “Thank you”.

Good manners
? He doesn’t interrupt (打扰)other people when they are talking. He also does not talk loudly in public.

? When he sneezes (打 喷嚏) or spits (吐痰), he uses a handkerchief (手 帕).

Good manners
As a student it is bad manners to come late to class. If you are late you should make an apology (抱歉)to the teacher either at the time or after class.

Don’t spit. Don’t litter. Don’t jaywalk. Don’t damage public property. 5. Don’t damage greenery. 6. Don’t swear. 7. Don’t smoke in public places. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Seven Don'ts

Tell Yes or No according to English manners: 1. Speaking with your mouth full of No food 2. Asking questions such as “How much do you weigh?” or “Why No aren’t you married?” 3. Eating and drinking something Yes while walking down the street 4. Saying “Excuse me”, “Please” and Yes “Thank you” 5. Greeting people with a kiss No

6. Queue jumping
7. Picking your nose in public

No Yes No No

8. Driving on the left side of the road
9. Talking loudly in public

10. Staring at someone in public
11. When yawning or coughing, always covering your mouth with your hand


Vocabulary (I)

If you have perfect manners, you will be welcome. 1. perfect adj. (1) 完美的
a perfect car 完美无缺的车子 a perfect gentleman 十全十美的绅士 (2) 完全的 a perfect stranger 完全陌生的人 (3) 最恰当的;理想的 perfect for sth. 对…最适当/理想的 a man perfect for this job 这份工作最适当的人选 eg: It was a perfect day for a picnic. 那是野餐最理想 的天气。 perfectly adv. 完美地;完全地

2. tongue-tied


(1). 舌头短的 (2). (因胆怯、难堪等)说不出话的;张口结舌的 (+with) 他气得一句话也讲不出来。 eg: He was completely tongue-tied with rage. 他站在那儿,说不出话来。 eg: He stood there, tongue-tied. (3). 缄默的 沉默的局面被突然打破了。 eg: A tongue-tied silence was suddenly broken.

3. utter v. 讲,说 ( = say )
进午餐时, 她一言不发。 eg:She didn’t utter a word during lunch. 他看着我,没说一句话。 eg:He looked at me without uttering a word. utter a cry发出叫声 utter adj. 完全的;十足的;彻底的 utter darkness 一片漆黑 an utter fool 彻头彻尾的傻瓜 utterance n. 出声;话语

4. shame n.

(1) 羞耻,惭愧(不可数名词)

他无羞耻之心。 He has no shame.

他因羞愧而低头。 He hung his head in shame.
feel shame for sth. / at doing sth. 为… 感到羞耻

eg: The students felt great shame at having cheated in the test. (2) 可耻的事;遗憾、惋惜的事(可数名词) 我觉得这么做是一件可耻的事。 eg: I think it a shame to behave like that.

这样浪费太可惜了。 eg: It is a shame to be so wasteful. 那天下雨了,真可惜。 eg: What a shame (that) it rained the other day. 你不能留下来吃饭真是太遗憾了。 eg: What a shame (that) you can’t stay for dinner.
shameful adj. 可耻的,不光彩的 shameless adj.不知羞耻的 ashamed adj. 感到羞愧的

5. tip n. (1) 建议 tips on sth. 几个省钱的窍门儿 useful tips on how to save money (2) 尖儿,端;小费 手指尖 the tip of a finger 话到嘴边(却一时想不起来了) have (sth.) on the tip of one's tongue (问题的)冰山一角,端倪 the tip of the iceberg 我给了那个替我拿箱子的人一点小费。 eg: I gave a tip to the man who carried my cases.

tip v. 倾倒;给小费
我把瓶子弄翻了,瓶子摔破了。 eg: I tipped the bottle over and it broke.

6. starter

n. 第一道菜,开胃小吃

eg. This dish serves 4—6 people as a starter.

start v. 开始,(汽车等)开动 start n. 开头,开始

7. attention

n. 专心,注意,注意力

pay attention to sth. / sb. / doing sth.
Eg. You had better pay attention to your English pronunciation. eg. He didn’t pay attention to me. draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意力 attentive attentively attentiveness adj. 注意的;专心的;关心的 adv.注意地, 留意地 (U) n.

8. chat

v. 闲聊,闲谈 chatted, chatted, chatting chat (away) to sb./with sb. 我的孩子在电话里和朋友一聊就是几个小时。 eg. My kid spends hours chatting on the phone to/ with their friends. chat about sth./sb. 你们聊了些什么? Eg. What were you chatting about? chat n. 闲聊;谈话 与...闲 聊 have a chat with sb.

9. facial adj. 面部的,脸上的 a facial expression/ injury 脸部表情/ 受伤 10. expression n. 表情 (= look) 惊讶/ 不相信/ 恐怖的神色 an expression of amazement / disbelief / horror 她脸上流露出担心的神色。 eg:There was a worried expression on her face. expression n. 表示,表达;词语 common polite expressions 一般性的礼貌用语

11. cue n. 提示,暗示 照我的提示。 Follow my cue. a cue for sth a cue to do sth 乔恩一来就意味着要喝更多的香槟酒了。 eg. Jon’s arrival was a cue for more champagne. 我想那就是要我解释一下我为什么到这里来。 eg. I think that’s my cue to explain why I’m here. cue v. cu(e)ing, cued, cued 给(某人)暗示或提示 在你要我开始讲话时,你能暗示我一下吗? eg. Can you cue me when you want me to begin speaking?

12. stare v. 凝视,盯着看 stare at sb./sth.

eg. She raised her eyes and stared at me.

eg. It is bad manners to stare at someone in public. 13. positive adj. 积极的,乐观的 乐观的态度/ 前景 a positive attitude/outlook

eg. She tried to be more positive about her new job.

14. indicate v. 表明, 表示 indicate sth. / that -clause

eg. Research indicates that eating habits are changing fast.

Eg. A red sky at night indicates fine weather the next day. 15. universal adj. 普遍的, 一般的 Eg. When you start a conversation with a foreigner in English, the weather is perhaps the most universal topic. universally adv. 全体地, 一致地

16. topic n. 话题,题目,论题 ( = subject ) 交谈的主要话题是汤姆。 Eg. The main topic of conversation was Tom.

topical adj. 有关时事的;当前关注的;热门话题的 topical events/ events 当前人们所关注的事件/ 犯罪 17. share v. 告诉;分享 share sth. (with sb.) 你愿意把你的经验与组里其他人分享吗? eg. Would you like to share your experience with the rest of the group?

18. launch v. 发动, 发起 (= start) 开始进行质询/ 调查/ 运动 to launch an inquiry/an investigation/a campaign 发起攻击/ 发动侵略 to launch an attack/ invasion

19. religion n. 宗教信仰 科学和宗教信仰之间是否永远存在着冲突? eg. Is there always a conflict between science and religion?

20. flow v. (1)(讲话或文章)流畅 席间大家一直谈笑甚欢。 Eg. Conversation flowed freely throughout the meal. 闲聊自然地进行。 Eg. Small talk flow naturally.
v. (2)(液体)流动;(如液体似的)流动 这条河就在这里汇入海洋。 eg. It’s here that the river flows down into the ocean. flow n. (语言或文字)连贯,流畅

21. naturally adv. 正常地,自然地 过了一会儿, 我们自然而然地谈起了孩子们。 Eg. After a while, we naturally started talking about the children.
22. open-ended adj. 无限制的;自由回答的 在谈话的主要过程中,我们应该提可随意回答的问题。 Eg. We should raise open-ended questions in the main course of a conversation. 23. attentively adv. 专心(地)留心(地)= carefully 当我描述我的见闻时,他专心地听着。 Eg. When I was describing what I had seen, he listened attentively.

24. comment

n. 意见, 评论


他看过这部电影了, 但是没有作任何评价。

eg. He had seen the film, but made no comments on it.

eg. I won’t comment on what people say.

25. track n. 方向, 移动路线 v. 追踪 猎人追踪动物的足迹。 eg. The hunter followed the animal's tracks.

1. think to oneself 心里想 Eg. “What a shame I missed a perfect opportunity ! ” you thought to yourself.

2. what a shame 真遗憾!多可惜啊! Eg. The students felt great shame at having cheated in the test. Eg. I think it a shame to behave like that. Eg. What a shame (that) you can’t stay for dinner. Eg. What a shame (that) you have to leave so soon.

3. small talk 闲聊,聊天 eg. Hobbies are an important part of small talk. 4. feel like doing something = would like to do sth. = want to do sth.想要做 eg. I was so angry that I felt like throwing something at him. 5. what if = what would happen if 如果…将会怎样 eg. What if we move the picture over there? eg. What if she finds out that you’ve lost her book?

6. launch into突然开始… eg. Mr. Black launched into another of his stories.

7. stick to 紧扣(某主意) 遵守诺言 stick to one's words eg. Stick to me or you’ll get lost.
8. on the right track 做对了,摸着门路 on the wrong track 思路不对头,做法不对路 eg. We haven’t found a cure yet----but we are on the right track.



上还有多少这样的问题酒?”“销售员已经去查了。”马启明嗫嚅道,他不敢抬头。赵树春沉吟了好一会儿,果断地说:“走, 先给曾总汇报一下,然后再讨论该怎么办!”赵树春和马启明匆忙赶往曾臣人的办公室。刚到门口,恰好曾臣人从里面走出来, 赵树春急忙对他说道:“曾总,我正好有要事向你汇报!”“赵总啊,我现在马上要赶飞机!车在下面等我,有什么事先给范 总说一下,好吗!” 曾臣人说着便急匆匆地走了。哦!范翔宇的特别总经理助理就是体现在这里的。赵树春顿时楞在那里, 惊讶得下巴快要掉到地上了,眼怔怔地看着曾臣人消失在楼梯口。等他回过神来,旋即和马启明急火火地赶到范翔宇的办公室。 范翔宇仰坐在宽大的老板椅上、头朝天正在打电话,他瞄见赵树春和马启明进来,用手示意他们先坐下。在电话里和供应商聊 了五六分钟才挂了电话,然后仍坐在老板椅上笑着说:“事情真多,赵总,你有什么事吗?”“范总,现在市场上带回来三箱 酒,才出厂一个月就出现轻微混浊失光现象,而且销售员反映市场上还有不少这样的酒,到底有多少眼下还不清楚,已经派人 去详查了。我看这个事情不是个小事情,很可能要发展成批量混浊。如果真是批量混浊那麻烦就大了!”赵树春望着范翔宇焦 急地说道。范翔宇立即像是被踩住尾巴的猫一样从老板椅上跳起来,生气地向马启明责问:“马经理,你是怎么抓质量的?竟 然会出现这么严重的质量问题!咹!”口气就像一个检察官,看人是发了狠的在看,是用目光在拧。马启明心里颤抖了一下, 目光游移躲闪,低着头,大气也不敢出一口。“那怎么办?”范翔宇转向赵树春祈问道。“现在情况到底有多严重还不太清楚, 还不到追究责任的时候。我看还是等销售部和市场部查清楚问题酒有多少再说,同时马经理尽快查一下造成混浊的原因是什么, 等有了结果再处理。你看行不行?而且要快。”赵树春显然对范翔宇这种不问青红皂白就处理问题的方法有些不满。“行行行! 记住销售部和市场部调查时要悄悄地暗查,不能让竞争对手知道了,更不能把事情搞大了。上一次为啤酒瓶罚款的事我就挨了 训,这次再不能出什么大事了。”范翔宇就像个溺水的人抓住了一块浮木一样。通过试验,啤酒混浊的原因浮出了水面:在轻 微混浊酒中发现了大量的酵母细胞,可以肯定是杀菌强度不够造成的生物混浊。更进一步查,发现温度计出现了较大误差,车 间当时就把温度计换了。原因知道了,头痛是两个班共生产了一百八十吨啤酒,因为正值销售旺季,这批酒都已发到市场去了, 怎么办?通过销售部和市场部的“秘密特工”紧急调查,情况不容乐观,问题酒分散范围较大,大部分代理商处均有,至于零 售点还有多少就没办法统计了。开会讨论问题酒的处理办法时,赵树春与