1．主句＋in order that/so that＋从句 I got up early in order that/so that I could catch the first bus. ＝I got up early in order to/so as to catch the first bus.我很早起床的目的是能赶上早班车。 2．主句＋so that＋从句 It wa
s very cold，so that the river froze. 天气如此之冷以致于河面都结冰了。 He stayed up late last night so that he could finish his remaining work. 昨晚他睡得很晚，以便能完成剩下的工作。 3．So＋形容词/副词＋特定动词(助动词/情态动词/系动词)＋主语＋that 从句 So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again. 这本书如此有趣以致于我打算再读一遍。
1．keep cool：to stay calm and not nervous，upset，embarrassed 保持冷静 Now just keep cool，and everything will be OK. 好了，保持冷静，一切都没事。 2．God bless you！ ：to ask God to protect someone or something 愿上帝保佑你！ May God bless you and keep you safe from harm! 愿上帝保佑你平安无事！
1．admit vt.承认→admit sb.( 2．wave vt.挥(手)；招(手)→wave 3．patient adj.耐心的；n.病人→be patient
sth.)接收(入学) sb.向??挥手 对??有耐心→ 尊敬??→ sb.对某人严格→ 类似于??→ n．耐心 adj.有礼貌的 adv.严格地 n．相似之处
4．respect vt.& n．尊敬；尊重→show respect 5．strict adj.严格的；严厉的→be strict 6．similarly adv.同样地，类似地→be similar
1．avoid vt.(故意)避开→ 2．amusing adj.有趣的；可笑的→
n．避免 vt.娱乐，使快乐→ vt.组织→ n．娱乐；快乐 n．组织
3．organised adj.有组织的；有系统的→ 4．formal adj.正式的→ adj.非正式的
5．relaxed adj.轻松的；松懈的；宽松的→ 6．energetic adj.精力充沛的→
Mr.Wang is a patient，energetic and strict teacher.In his class，everything is amusing and well organised.If a student is too shy and nervous to answer a question，he will help him/her to relax.We all respect him and appreciate his help. 学情自测 A．语境填词 energy respect avoid relax patient 1．I think he is me. with the slower pupils. for him.
2．The teacher doesn’t have much
3.Mr. Smith teaches very well and his students have great 4．He knew I was 5．He appeared
and dynamic and would get things done. and confident before the match.
B．英文释义连连看 1．needing to be thought about carefully 2．to move your hand from side to side in the air 3．embarrassed about speaking to other people 4．to make sb.laugh or smile 5．very correct and suitable for official occasions Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1． at 2．take take 3． present 当前；现在 present time 在目前 look 看一眼，看一看 欺骗；吸入 asleep 睡着 asleep 熟睡；酣睡 4．be strict be strict 5．be sb.对某人要求严格 sth.在某事方面要求严格 of 适用于 true (愿望、梦想等)实现 6．have have some 7． with 有某方面的麻烦 in doing...在做??方面有困难 fact 事实上 a matter of fact 事实上，实际上 8． result result 学情自测 用适当的介、副词填空 1．The typhoon has resulted 2．They were always very strict 3． many thousands of deaths. their children. a result 结果 导致 因??发生 e.wave d.serious a.shy b.amuse c.formal
a matter of fact，you did very well in the exam. .
4．Young people are easily taken
5．This method is also true 6．I have no difficulty Ⅲ.经典课文原句 1．My first impression of Mrs Li was 腼腆)． 2．She explains English grammar 于连我都能听明白)! 3．We don’t dare to say a word
you. finding his house.
(除非她让我们说)． (有 Mrs Chen
4．I think that I’ll do well in the exam 教我)． 5． countries. 6． Ⅳ.教材与高考 (俄罗斯也是一样)．
(很有趣) to look at differences between schools in different
1．I’ve always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English， but Mrs.Li just smiles，so that you don’t feel completely stupid！ He had his camera ready (教材原句 P12) (2011· 山东，28) A．even if 答案 C 解析 考查状语从句。句意为：他准备好了相机，万一看见能拍一张好照片的东西(就可 以拍下来了)。even if 即使；if only 要是??就好了；in case 以防，万一；so that 以致于。 结合句意，可知应选 C 项。 2．Physics will never be my favourite lesson，but I think that I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. The living room is clean and tidy， with a dining table already (教材原句 P12) for a meal to be cooked. (2010· 山东，29) A．laid 答案 A 解析 考查介词 with 的复合结构。句意为：起居室又干净又整洁，为做饭准备的餐桌也 已摆好。with 后跟复合结构，a table 和 lay 之间为动宾关系，故选 A 项，表被动和完成。 Ⅴ.单元语法自测——接动名词作宾语的动词 完成句子 1．I still remember (被带往) the Famen Temple and what I saw there. B．laying C．to lay D．being laid B．if only C．in case D．so that
he saw something that would make a good picture.
2 ． She didn’t feel like (度过这一天) in the garden. 3．The man denied was questioned by the police. 4．I considered 5．Susan tried
( 工 作 ) ， so she suggested
(偷了任何东西) in the supermarket when he
(换工作)，but in the end I decided not to. (一个人生活)，but she didn’t like it and moved back home
3.with；patience 4.for；respectful 5.with；strictly 6.to；similarity 3.organise ； organisation 4.informal 5.relax ；
B 1.avoidance relaxation 学情自测
2.amuse ； amusement
A 1.avoiding 2.patience 3.respect 4.energetic 5.relaxed B 1.d 2.e 3.a 4.b 5.c Ⅱ.1.at；the 2.a；in 3.fall；sound/fast 4.with；in 5．true；come 6.problems； difficulty/trouble 学情自测 1．in 2.with 3.As 4.in 5.of 6.in 7．in；as 8.as；in；from
Ⅲ.1.that she was nervous and shy 2.so clearly that even I can understand it 3.unless she asks us to 4.with Mrs Chen teaching me 5.It is interesting 6．The same is true of Russia
Ⅴ.1.being taken to 2.working；spending the day 3．having stolen anything 4.changing my job 5．living alone
1．patient adj.able to wait for a long time or accept annoying behaviour or difficulties without becoming angry 有耐心的； 能 忍耐的；n.a person who is receiving medical treatment 病人 be patient with 对??有耐心的 be patient of 能忍受??的 be/get out of patience with 对??失去耐心 one’s patience with 失去??的耐心 have no patience with 不能容忍，对??没有耐心
have the patience to do sth.有耐心做某事 (1)But instead of getting impatient and angry，they waited，knowing the driver in front of them was in some way weak. (2011· 广东， 阅读 A)
但是相反他们没有变得不耐烦和生气，而是在那等，因为他们知道在他们前边的司 机在某种程度上有点虚弱。 (2)She disappointed. 她对学生通常很有耐心，从不让他们失望。 (3)He’s a good teacher，but he doesn’t have much patience with the slower pupils. 他是个好老师，但对较迟钝的学生没多大耐心。 2．avoid v．to prevent sth.bad from happening；to keep away from sb./sth.避免；防止；回避 avoid doing...避免做?? avoidable adj.可以避免的 (1)But that’s not a reason to avoid teaching what is important.(2011· 安徽，任务型读写) 但这不是不教给学生重要东西的理由。 (2)She avoided my eyes.＝She avoided .她躲避我的目光。 her students and never made them
(3)Many deaths from heart disease are actually avoidable.许多因心脏病造成的死亡实际上 是可以避免的。 思考题 哪些动词后面只能跟动词的ing 形式作宾语？
3．admit v．to agree，often unwillingly，that sth.is true 承 认；to allow sb./sth.to enter a place 准许??进入 admit sth./doing sth.承认某事/做某事 admit ＋ n.＋ to be 承认??是?? admit sb./sth.into/to 允许某人(物)进入?? be admitted ...作为??被接受
admission n.接纳，准入；入场费；承认 (1)Some of them refuse to admit the serious threat of human activities to the environment， and they are tired of people who disagree with them. (2011· 重庆，阅读 E)
一些人拒绝承认人类活动对环境造成的严重威胁，他们讨厌那些和他们意见不一致 的人。 (2)Study hard and you’ll 努力学习，你会被北京大学录取的。 (3)He is admitted as a member of the table tennis team.他作为乒乓球队员被接受。 Beijing University.
4．appreciate v．to recognize the good qualities of sb./ sth.欣赏；赏识；to be grateful for sth.that sb.has done；to welcome sth.感激；欢迎 appreciate doing...感激做?? I would appreciate appreciation n.欣赏；感激 (1)We also welcome new fiction.A light，humorous touch is appreciated. (2011· 北京，阅读 B) 我们也欢迎新型小说。轻松幽默风格的小说很受欢迎。 (2)—Bruce，I really appreciate your handwriting. —Thank you very much. ——布鲁斯，我很欣赏你的书写。 ——多谢。 (3) you would turn the radio down. 如果你能把收音机的声音调小一点，我将非常感激。 5． respect v． & n． to feel admiration for sb.because of their personal qualities， their achievements， or their status，and show this by treating them in a polite and kind way 敬重；敬佩；尊重 have/show respect for＝pay respect to 尊敬；尊重 some respects 在某些方面 in respect of＝with respect to 关于；就??来说 respect sb.as...尊敬某人为?? (1)Both men are respected much more today than they were in their lifetimes. (2010· 江西，阅读 C) 今天这两个人都比他们活着时更受尊敬。 (2)His work is good 他的工作质量好但数量不够。 (3)He is respected as a great leader. 他被尊称为一位伟大的领导。 对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 patient avoid 1．Give my 2．I don’t admit appreciate respect to your parents. being treated like a secondclass citizen. using technical terms. quality but bad in respect of quantity. if...假如??我将不胜感激
3．Wherever possible，we have 4．You must
the task to be difficult.
5．I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible.Just have a little
Ⅱ.单项填空 1．A danger foreseen is half A．avoided C．to avoid 2．—Did Jack . B．avoiding D．having avoided having taken some books without telling anybody?
—Yes，he did.He said he took three books. A．imagine C．attempt 3．I would appreciate or not. A．that C．you 4．As time went by，he A．had some patience with C．had the patience to 5．He was selfless man that everybody B．it D．this the children because they were always very naughty. B．lost his patience with D．lost his patience to him. B．a such；respect D．such a；respected B．allow D．admit if you would let me know in advance whether you will be coming
A．so a；respectable C．such a；respects
1．make sure 弄清楚；查明；确信；务必(做到) make sure of/about...弄清楚；查明 make sure that...确信；务必 sure of/about/that 从句 有把握；确信(主语自信) be sure to do sth.一定要，务必(去做某事) (1)The company has invested heavily in information technology to make sure that information is available instantly on screen. 公司已在信息技术上大量投资来确保信息在屏幕上及时获得。 (2)First you must 首先你必须弄清时间和地点。 (3)Be sure to ring and let us know you’ve got back safely. 一定要来个电话，让我们知道你已平安返回。 the time and place. (2011· 浙江，阅读 C)
2．as a result 结果 as a result of 因为；由于 result in 导致 result from 由??产生 (1)As a result，reading clubs and neighborhood groups sprang up around the city. (2011· 天津，阅读 C) 结果，读书俱乐部和社区小组在这个城市迅速兴起。 (2)He was late as a result of the traffic jam. 由于交通阻塞，他迟到了。 (3)His carelessness resulted in the terrible accident. ＝The terrible accident his carelessness.
那桩可怕的事故是由于他的疏忽大意而引起的。 3．She’s kind and patient，and she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it！她和善且有耐心，语法讲解得如此清晰，甚至连我也能听懂！ 句式提取：so clearly that 从句 so...that...如此??以致于??； 如此??使得??， 引导结果状语从句， 此处 so 是副词， 口语中可省略 that。 so...that...句式的常见用法如下： so＋adj.或adv.＋that... ? ?so＋adj.＋a(n)＋n.＋that... ?so＋many或few＋复数名词＋that... ? ?so＋much或little(少)＋不可数名词＋that... (1)It was so cold outside that we put the box indoors.(2011· 新课标全国，阅读 A) 室外是如此寒冷以致于我们把箱子放在室内。 (2)He was 他兴奋得连话都说不出来了。 (3)I ate so much food that I was almost sick. 我吃的太多了，差点想呕吐。 思考题 表达“如此??以致于”的 such 句型： he could not speak.
4．...，but I think that I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me.??，但我认为 有陈老师教我，我一定会考得不错。 句式提取：with Mrs Chen teaching me
本句为“with＋宾语＋宾语补足语”，即 with 复合结构，此结构在句中可作定语，也可 作状语，表伴随、方式、条件或原因等，可位于句首或句尾。结构如下： (1)with＋宾语＋doing (doing 表主动或正在进行的动作) (2)with＋宾语＋done (done 表被动或已完成的动作) (3)with＋宾语＋to do (to do 表示将来的动作) (4)with＋宾语＋介词短语/adj./adv. (1)He led me through the crowded shop and to a bench with a large professional karaoke box on it. (2011· 浙江， 完形)
他领我穿过拥挤的商店，来到一个上面放着一个专业卡拉 OK 音箱的长凳前。 (2)With all the things she needed bought，she went home happily. 买了所需要的所有东西后，她高兴地回家了。 (3) morning. 他有那么多文章要写，今天早上将没有时间去买东西了。 写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a．Across the stream，a man is trying to reach out on the edge of the bank for the fruit with a net attached to a pole. b．The street is over 600 years old with more than 300 shops along. c．With so many eyes staring at me，I felt nervous and upset. 对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空 result in make sure of as a result ， (2011· 北京) (2009· 全国Ⅱ) (2009· 湖南) ，he won’t have time to go shopping this
1．He got up late in the morning. he was late for class. 2．I think the door has been locked，but you’d better go and 3．The accident Ⅱ.完成句子 1．灯开着，他们就走出了房间。(with 的复合结构) They went out of the room 2．我出了那么多错以致于考试不及格。 I Ⅲ.单项填空 1．Mary，make sure the lights before you leave the room.(2012· 沈阳模拟) I failed in the exam. . the death of two passengers. it.
A．to switch C．that you turn off 2．With a lot of difficult problems time. A．settled C．to settle
B．to have gone out D．turning off ，the newlyelected Prime Minister will have a hard
B．settling D．being settled ， he could neither eat nor sleep.
3． My friend Martin was very sick with a strange fever； A．as a result C．any way 4．The Great Wall is A．so a wellknown C．such wellknown a B．after all D．otherwise
tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year. B．a so wellknown D．such a wellknown
1．—Look！This is .
—Very beautiful.When did she take it? A．my mother’s picture C．a picture of my mother 2． her—she is very young. B．Be out of patience D．Have patience to . B．being washed away D．to be washed away into the company usually receive strict training before they start to B．my mother in the picture D．a picture of my mother’s
A．Be patient with C．Get out of patience 3．They built a wall to avoid soil A．washing away C．to wash away 4．The graduates work. A．accepted C．admitted
5．If you have any comments or suggestions，please let us know；we always appreciate feedback from friends. A．having been received C．receiving 6．The neighbors do not consider him quite drunken singing. A．respectful C．respectable B．respected D．respective that all the lights . B．to receive D．to have received as most evenings he awakens them with his
7．Please tell Tom not to leave the classroom unless he A．makes sure；are turned off B．makes sure；will turn off C．is made sure；are turned off D．will make sure；will be turned off 8．Her car broke down on her way to the park； A．sooner or later
，she had to ask someone to repair it. B．more or less
C．what’s more 9．Peter was so excited A．where 10．
D．as a result he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. B．that C．why D．when
children get older， they become more and more interested in the things around them. B．When C．As . D．With
11．I have to drive faster than before with another 200 km A．to go C．gone B．going
D．to be gone she couldn’t write it
12．I repeated the telephone number a second time to my mother down. A．so that C．in case 13．Jenny B．now that D．in order her father about her failure in the exam. B．dare not to tell D．dare not tell
A．dares not tell C．dare telling
14．Years ago we didn’t know this，but recently science well soon get ill. A．showed C．has shown 15．—The plot of the new movie is dull. —The same is true A．with Ⅱ.阅读理解 A (建议用时 7′) the acting. B．of C．to B．will show
that people who don’t sleep
In the past decade the popularity of rock climbing has greatly increased，and so has the number of injuries.It has been estimated that rock climbing is now enjoyed by more than 9 million people in the US each year.Study findings revealed a 65 percent increase in the number of patients that were treated in US emergency departments for rock climbingrelated injuries between 1991 and 2008. The study，published in the online issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine， found that about 40,000 patients were treated in US emergency departments for rock climbingrelated injuries between 1991 and 2008.The most common types of rock climbingrelated injuries were fractures (骨折) and sprains (扭伤)．The ankle was the most common body part to be injured (40 percent)．Climbers in the study ranged in age from 2 to 74，
with an average age of 26.The study also found that women took up a quarter of the injuries. Falls were the primary reason for injury with over threequarters of the injuries occurring as the result of a fall.The severity of fallrelated injuries had a lot to do with the height of the fall.Patients who were injured after falling from a height over 20 feet were 10 times more likely to be treated than patients who were injured falling from 20 feet or lower. “We found that the climbers who fell from heights higher than 20 feet took up 70 percent of the patients treated for a rock climbingrelated injury，” explained the study author Lara McKenzie ， PhD ， director at the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Hospital.“This trend， combined with the fact that rock climbers have a higher hospitalization rate than other sports and recreational injuries，demonstrates the need to increase injury prevention efforts for climbers.” 1．Which body part is most likely to get injured for a climber? A．The arm. C．The knee. B．The ankle. D．The hand.
2．How many women climbers in America got injured while climbing a rock between 1991 and 2008? A．About 40,000. C．About 20,000. B．About 30,000. D．About 10,000. .
3．The severity of climbers’ fallrelated injures is mainly related to A．the height of the fall B．the climber’s age C．the climber’s health conditions D．the climber’s climbing experience
4 ． The underlined word “demonstrates” in the last paragraph can be replaced by “ ”． A．demands C．proves 5．The purpose of the passage is to . B．prevents D．describes
A．show that rock climbingrelated injuries have increased B．tell readers rock climbing is an adventurous sport C．warn readers of the danger of rock climbing D．call on doctors to increase injury prevention efforts B Should ecigarettes (electronic cigarettes) be a new choice for the smokers trying to get rid of the habit? Reactions from Americans are mixed.More than half of the people questioned in a
survey think ecigarettes should be controlled by the US Food and Drug Administration，but 47 percent believe the ecigarettes should be available to the smokers who want to quit. “In the hunt for a safer cigarette，ecigarettes are becoming a popular choice among those either trying to quit or looking to replace standard tobacco smoke with an alternative that manufacturers claim to be safer，” Zogby International，which conducted the survey，said in a statement. About half of the 4,611 adults who took part in the survey had heard about ecigarettes， which are batterypowered， or rechargeable cigarettes that vaporize a liquid nicotine solution.They do not produce smoke but a water vapor without smell.Sold mostly on the Internet，ecigarettes were first made in China. Last year the World Health Organization (WHO) warned against using ecigarettes，saying there was no evidence to prove they were safe or helped smokers break the habit.The WHO said people who smoke ecigarettes breathe in a fine fog of nicotine into the lungs. Nearly a third of people questioned in the survey think that ecigarettes should be allowed in places where smoking is forbidden ， because they don’t produce smoke ， but 46 percent disagree.Men who were aware of the availability of ecigarettes were more likely than women to say they should be a choice available to smokers who want to quit.Young people，aged 18－29， and singles were the groups most open to trying ecigarettes.Smoking is the single largest cause of preventable death worldwide，according to the WHO. 6．What can we learn from Paragraph 1? A．American smokers ought to try ecigarettes. B．Americans have different opinions about ecigarettes. C．Every kind of cigarettes should be forbidden in America. D．Most of the Americans don’t like ecigarettes. 7．According to Zogby International，ecigarettes A．are much safer than common cigarettes B．are popular among people who want to quit smoking C．will take the place of traditional cigarettes D．are produced in a safer way by manufacturers 8．What do we know about ecigarettes from the passage? A．Most Americans are familiar with them. B．They are a good choice as there is no nicotine. C．They produce a water vapor that can’t be seen. D．Most people buy them on the Internet. 9．What’s the attitude of the WHO towards ecigarettes? .
A．Negative. C．Doubtful. 10．What can we conclude from the last paragraph?
A．People can smoke ecigarettes in places where smoking is forbidden. B．Most women agree that ecigarettes should be available to smokers. C．Young adults and singles are the main groups who agree to try ecigarettes. D．The problem of smoking is becoming worse around the world.
Ⅰ.1.C 2.A 3．B 4．C 5．C 6．C 15．B 3．A 4．C 5．A 6．B 7．B 8．D 9．A 10．C 7．A 8．D 9．D 10．C 11．A 12．C 13．D 14.C Ⅱ.1.B 2．D
重点单词 1．lose；was usually patient with 2． looking at me； allow， permit， acknowledge， admit， resist， dislike， imagine， fancy， include， involve，advise，suggest，recommend，excuse，escape，consider，mind，enjoy，practice， delay，forbid，miss，finish，mention，keep，appreciate，risk 等。 3．as；be admitted to/into 4．it；I’d appreciate it if 5．in；in respect of 对点自测 Ⅰ.1.respects 2.appreciate 3.avoided 4．admit 5.patience Ⅱ.1.A 2.D 3.B 4.B 5.D 短语与句式 1．be；make sure of 2．resulted from 3．so excited that；such＋a(n)＋adj.＋n.＋that.../such＋adj.＋不可数名词＋that.../such＋adj. ＋名词复数＋that... 4．With so many essays to write 对点自测 Ⅰ.1.As a result 2.make sure of 3.resulted in Ⅱ.1.with the lights on 2.made so many mistakes that Ⅲ.1.C 2.C 3.A 4.D