选修 6 Unit 5 The power of nature
要 点 梳 理 高效梳理·知识备考 ●重点单词 1〃volcano n．火山 2〃erupt vi.(指火山)爆发；突然发生→eruption n．火山爆发；(战争等)爆发 3〃alongside adv.在旁边；沿着边 prep.在??旁边；沿着??的边 4〃appoint vt.任命；委派→
appointment n．约定；任命 5〃evaluate vt.评估；评价；估计→evaluation n．评估
6〃wave n．波浪；波涛 vi.波动；起伏；挥手 7〃absolute adj.绝对的；完全的→absolutely adv.绝对地 8〃suit n．一套外衣；套装；vt.适合；使适宜→suitable adj.合适的 9〃potential n．潜在性；可能性；潜能 adj.可能的；潜在的 10〃actual adj.实在的；实际的→actually adv.实际地
11．shoot vt.射中；射伤→shot n．射击；枪炮声 12．anxious adj.忧虑的；不安的→anxiously adv.不安地→anxiety n．担心；焦虑；渴 望 13．panic vi. & vt.惊慌 n．惊慌；恐慌→panicked(过去式/过去分词) 14．diverse adj.多种多样的；不同的→diversity n．多种多样；多样性 15．appreciation n．欣赏；感激；感谢→appreciate vt.欣赏；感激 16．guarantee vt.保证；担保
●重点短语 1．be compared with... 与……相比 2．protect...from... 保护……免受……伤害 3．be appointed as 被委派为…… 4．burn to the ground 全部焚毁 5．be about to do sth. 即将做某事；马上就要做某事 6．make one’s way 前往
7〃be anxious about 对??忧虑/不安 8〃glance through 匆匆看一遍 9〃vary from...to... 由??到??不等 10〃give birth to 生产；产生
●重点句型 1〃Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast.收集和评估这些信息之后， 我就帮助其他 科学家一起预测熔岩接着将往何处流，流速是多少。 2〃I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. 我刚要再睡，突然我的卧室亮如白昼。
3〃The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this being my first experience,_I stayed at the top and watched them. 另外两人爬下火山口去收集供日后研究用的岩浆，我是第一次经历这样的事，所以留在山 顶上观察他们。 4〃It is said that this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people. 据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先，他具有语言天赋和很强的说服力。
●范文 请根据下面提示，写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 In an English speech competition, you are asked to describe the following picture and explain to the judges how you understand it.
_________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________________________________
From the picture I can see a pair of proud compasses and a hardworking pencil. The compasses are big, drawing a circle with ease, while the pencil is small, drawing a line with great effort. I think the compasses are reasonable to be proud because no one else can do the job better. At the same time, however, he should realize the pencil has his own advantages. The pencil can do other shapes better than the compasses, even pictures. So in my opinion, while we are confident in ourselves, we should recognize strengths in others and show due respect for them.
考 点 探 究 互动探究·能力备考
Ⅰ.词汇短语过关 1〃appoint vt.任命；委派 appointment n．任命；约会 appoint sb. to＋职位 任命某人担任某职位 appoint sb. as...任命某人为?? appoint sb. to do sth.委派某人做某事 appoint a time/place for 为??约定时间/地点 make an appointment 约会；约定 keep/break an appointment 守(失)约
(1)The president __________ a new director. 总经理任命了一位新主任。 (2)We __________ him (______/______ ______) chairman. 我们选他担任主席。 (3)The teacher __________ me ______ ______ the roll. 老师指派我点名。 appointed appointed as to be appointed to call
(4)The time ___________ ______ the meeting was 10：30. 规定的开会时间是 10 点 30 分。 (5)I’ve ______ ______ ________ ___________ ______ a client and may not come back for
supper. 我和一个客户约了晚上见面，可能不会回来吃晚饭了。 appointed for made an evening appointment with
2〃suit n．一套外衣；套装 vt.适合；使适宜 suit sth. to sth.使某物适合于另一事物 be suited for/to...适合?? be suitable for sb./sth.适合于某人/某物 be suitable to do sth.适合做某事
(1)Would it ________ you to come at five? 你五点钟来行吗？ (2)If you want to go by bus, that ______ me ______. 如果你想坐公共汽车，那对我很方便。 (3)______ the punishment ______ the crime, I say. 喂，要按罪量刑。 suit suits fine Suit to
(4)He and his wife ______ ______ ______ ______ each other. 他和妻子十分般配。 (5)The house ______ not really _________ ______ a large family. 这所房子确实不适合大家庭居住。 are well suited to is suitabl e for
3〃anxious adj. 令人担心的，忧虑的，焦急的 anxiety n. 焦虑；担心；渴望 be anxious about 为某事忧虑、担心 be anxious for 渴望某事 be anxious to do 渴望??，急于?? be anxious (for sb.) to do... 渴望(某人)做?? be anxious that 渴望??
(1)Helen ______ ________ ______ travelling on her own. 海伦对自己一个人出门旅行感到担心。 (2) Peggy ______ ________ ______ ______ that she can cope with extra responsibility. 佩吉急切地想表明她能承担额外的职责。 (3)Mary has ______ ________ ______ your return. 玛丽急切地盼你回来。
is anxious about is anxious to show been anxious for
辨析：anxious/eager (1)anxious 强调“担心”或“焦虑” ，对结果感到不安。 (2)eager 强调“对成功的期望”或“进取的热情” ，含有积极向上的意思。
4〃panic n. 惊慌，恐慌 vi. 十分恐慌 vt. 使恐慌 (panicked; panicked) be in (a) panic 在惊慌中 be seized with a panic 惊慌失措 a moment of panic 一时惊慌 cause a panic 引起恐慌 in a state of panic 惊恐之状 panic over sth. 对某事感到惊慌 panic sb. into doing sth. 使某人仓促行动
(1)The crowd ran out ______ ______ ______.群众惊慌失措地跑出去。 (2)She ______ ______ ______ ______ when her teacher walked towards her. 当她见到老师向她走来时，她变得惊慌失措。 (3)The idea might ______ the investors. 这个想法可能会使投资者惶恐不安。
in a panic got into a panic panic
5〃guarantee vt. 保证??免受损失或伤害；确保 n. 保证；保证书 guarantee sb. against/from... 保证某人免受损害、危险等 guarantee to do sth. 保证去做某事 guarantee sth. to sb. 向某人担保/保证某事 be guaranteed to do sth. 必定做某事 give sb. a guarantee that... 向某人担保?? (be) under guarantee 在保修期内
(1)We can‘t _________ the punctual arrival of trains in foggy weather. 我们不能保证火车在雾天准时到达。 (2)We _________ ______ ______ within a week. 我们保证一周内送到。 (3)I _________ ______ I’ll pay off the debt. 我保证我会还清债务。 guarantee guarantee to deliver that guarantee
(4)The watch comes ______ ______ ________ __________. 这表保修一年。 (5)Wealth is ______ __________ ______ happiness. 财富并不是幸福的保证。
with a year’s guarantee no guarantee of
6 〃burn...to the ground 全部焚毁?? burn down 把??烧成平地，烧光；渐渐烧完，火力减弱 burn up 烧起来，旺起来；烧尽，烧毁 burn off 烧掉某物 burn out 烧光，烧完 burn away 逐渐烧完；烧光，烧毁 burn...to death 烧死
(1)The house was ______ ______ ______ ______.那所房子被彻底焚毁了。 (2)This exercise helps you to ______ ______ fat and tone muscles.这项锻炼有助于消耗脂肪， 使肌肉强健。 (3)Half the candle had ______ ______. 那根蜡烛烧掉了一半。 burnt to the ground burn off burnt away
7〃vary from...to... 由??到??情况不等 vary in 在某方面不同 vary from 不同于 vary with 随??变化 vary one‘s life 使生活丰富多彩 a variety of 不同种类的
(1)People vary very much ______ their ideas.人们在观念方面大不相同。 (2)They never vary ______ the law of nature. 他们从不违反自然规律。
(3)The color of the leaves varies ______ weather. 叶子的颜色随着天气而变化。 (4)These apples vary ______ size ______ small ______ medium.这些苹果由小到中等大小不 等。 in from with in from to
8〃make one‘s way 一路前进，向前 feel one’s way 摸索着前行 fight/push one‘s way 推挤着前行 wind one’s way 蜿蜒向前 force one‘s way out 挤出去；冲出去 push one’s way in 挤进去 lose one‘s way 迷路 inch one’s way 缓慢前进 pick one‘s way 谨慎前进 find one’s way 找到出路 weave one‘s way 穿梭前进
(1)We ______ ______ ______ down the hill towards the town.我们顺着山坡往下朝城里行进。 (2)Gradually, Henderson began to ______ ______ ______ in politics.亨德森逐渐在政界有所 建树。 (3)We ______ ______ ______ in the forest. 我们在森林里迷了路。 made our way make his way lost our way
Ⅱ.重点句型详解 1〃I was_about_to_go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. 我刚要睡，突然我的卧室亮如白昼。
be about to do sth. when... 正要干??这时?? ①I was about to go out when the telephone rang. 我正要出门，这时电话铃响了。 ②The meeting was about to be held when it began to rain. 会议正要开始，这时开始下雨了。
拓展：表示将要发生的动作，除了用一般将来时外，还有以下常见的结构和时态： (1)be about to do 表示“即将(正要)做某事” ，句中不再加时间状语，相当于 be on the point of doing sth.。 (2)be going to do 表示事先经过考虑、打算去做某事或有明显的迹象要发生某事，它可用于 条件状语从句中表示将来，而 shall/will 则不行。shall/will 可表示临时作出决定。
(3)be to do 表示职责、义务、意图、约定、可能性或注定要发生的动作。 (4)英语中 begin, come, go, leave, sail, start, arrive, return, end, open, close 等表示一个预计 将要发生的动作或情况，可用一般现在时表将来。这一动作时间比较固定，基本已成为规 律。 (5)英语中 go, come, begin, start, leave, arrive, return, take off 等动词(词组)可用现在进行 时代替将来时，表示一个预计将要发生的动作，这种用法要带一个表示将来的时间状语。
We were ______ to go out for camping ______ it began to rain. A〃hardly; than B．around; as C〃about; when D．nearly; while 解析：be about to...when... “正准备??这时??” ，when 作“这时”讲，它起并列连词 的作用，连接两个并列的分句。 答案：C
2〃The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this_being_my_first_experience,_I stayed at the top and watched them.另外两人爬下火山口 去收集供日后研究用的岩浆，我是第一次经历这样的事，所以留在山顶上观察他们。 句中 this being...是独立主格结构。 独立主格结构由 “名词/代词＋形容词/副词/现在分词/过去分词/不定式/介词短语/名词/数词” 构成，在句中可做条件状语、时间状语、原因状语、伴随状语等。
①I heard that she got injured in the accident, my heart full of worry.(表示结果) 听说她在这场事故中受了伤，我内心充满了担忧。 ②The rain having stopped, he went out for a walk. 雨停了，他出去散步。(表示原因) ③More time given, we should have done it much better. 如果给我们更多的时间，我们会做得更好。(表示条件)
④The huntsman entered the forest, gun in hand. 那位猎人手里提着枪走进了森林。(表示补充说明) ⑤Hundreds of people went out of the cinema, some in pairs, others alone. 成百上千的人走出电影院，有的结伴而行，有的独自出来。(表示方式)
提示：(1)独立主格结构一般用逗号同句子其余部分分开。 (2)表示虚义的逻辑主语 it 有时可以省略不写。 (3)there be 结构的独立主格结构是：there being＋n.。 ①(It) Being Sunday, there are no students in the school. 因为是星期天，学校里没有学生。 ②There being another chance, he will try his best. 假如再有一次机会，他会尽力而为。
The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecraft, the most recent ______ at the end of last March. A〃has bee n launched B〃having been launched C〃being launched D〃to be launched 解析：句中没有连接词，故不能用谓语动词；the most recent having been launched 为独立 主格结构，由 at the end of last March 可知应用完成式。 答案：B
3〃 It_is_said_that this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people. 据说这个男孩子就是满族人的祖先，他具有语言天赋和很强的说服力。 It is said that... 据说?? It is reported that... 据报道?? It is believed that... 人们认为??
(1)以上结构中 it 是形式主语，它所代替的是后面的 that 引导的主语从句。以上结构均可 转化为“主语＋be＋过去分词＋不定式”结构，其中不定式根据需要有时态和语态的变化。 如： It is said that he has gone abroad. ＝He is said to have gone abroad. 据说他出国了。 (2)有时以上结构还可转化为： “as＋be＋v.ed，主句” 结构，或者 “what＋be＋v.ed＋is＋that 从句”结构。如： It is known to all that China is a country with a long history.
＝As is known to all, China is a country with a long history. ＝What is known to all is that China is a country with a long history. 众所周知， 中国是一个 历史悠久的国家。
Leonardo da Vinci (1452－1519) ______ birds kept in cages in order to have the pleasure of setting them free. A〃is said to be buying B〃is said to have bought C〃had said to buy D〃has said to have bought 解析：考查 be said to do sth.这一结构。不定式动作发生在 be said 之前，所以要用不定式 的完成式，所以答案为 B。 答案：B
易 错 点 拨 自我完善·误区备考
1. fit/suit/match (1)fit 多指衣服等尺寸、大小合身，合适。 (2)suit 指衣服等颜色、款式、花样等适合。也指事物合乎需要、口味、性格、条件、 地位、场合等。 (3)match 意为“使相称，使相配，使匹配” ，指事物在大小、色调、性质等方面的 搭配。
(1)Her clothes don’t ________ her age. 她的服装和年龄不相配。 (2)The seven o’clock train will ______ us well. 七点钟那一班火车对我们很合适。 (3)I tried the dress on but it didn’t ______. It was too small.我试穿了那件连衣裙， 但不合身。它太小了。 (4)Does this skirt ______ me? 这条裙子我穿着好看吗？
match suit fit suit
2. 独立主格结构的用法 (1)The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons ______ for the day. A〃finishing B．finished C〃had finished D．were finished 解析：本题考查名词的独立主格结构。名词短语 their lessons 和动词 finish 之间是被动完成 关系，故用过去分词 finished。 答案：B
(2)－Wow! It snowed last night. What a nice world! －You’ right. But it’ more difficult to find my missing keys with snow ______ the ground. re s A〃covered B．cover C〃to cover D．covering 解析：本题考查 with 复合结构做宾补的非谓语动 词形式。snow 和 cover 在逻辑上是主谓关 系，因此此处用现在分词。 答案：D
(3)He ran after the dog, ______. A〃stick in his hand B．stick in hand C〃a stick in his hand D．having a stick in hand 解析：由“名词＋介词短语”构成的独立主格结构中，当介词是 in 时，其前后的两个名词 均不加任何成分(物主代词或冠词)，但 with 的复合结构不受此限制。C 项中缺少 with，故 可排除。B 项是独立主格结构做伴随状语。 答案：B
(4)The boys were happily making a snowman, ______ with cold. A〃their faces red B．their faces were red C〃their faces turned red D．their faces to be red 解析：本题考查由“名词＋形容词”构成的独立主格结构做伴随状语。 答案：A
(5)He was so tired that he fell asleep quickly, the light over his bed ______. A〃burn B．went on C〃lighted D．on 解析：考查“名词＋副词”构成的独立主格结构做伴随状语。选项中，on 为副词，表示“已 连接，处于工作状态或使用中” 。因此，此处应选 D 做伴随状语。 答案：D
高 效 作 业 自我测评·技能备考
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1〃The match had to be c______________ because of the bad weather. 2〃My time is p____________； I can only give you a few minutes. 3〃She recognized the p__________ for error in the method being used. 4〃I think it’s an a____________ mistake the way they treat that child. cancelled precious potential absolute
5〃The f___________ of Rome are famed for their architectural beauty. 6〃It's __________ (保证) to rain when you want to go out. 7〃The car drew up ___________(在??旁) the pub. 8〃The area is flooded, as frequently happens during the ___________ (台风)． 9〃After a long journey in this hot weather, I was ____________ (出汗) all over. fountains guaranteed alongside typhoon sweating
10〃She __________ (颤抖) to think what might have happened to him. trembled
Ⅱ .单项选择 1〃—People should spare no effort to protect the environment. —______ Air pollution, as is known to all, does harm to our health. A〃All right. B．Why not? C〃Go ahead. D．Absolutely. 答案：D 解析：考查口语答语。由句意知应选 D。 “当然，对极了” ，表示同意前者的观点。
2〃—Can you imagine a volcano ______ suddenly before you? —Oh, it must be terrible!
A〃erupted C〃being erupted
B．erupting D．to be erupted
答案：B 解析：imagine 后接动名词的复合结构做宾语。
3〃－Shall I sit at this end of the boat or the other end? －If you keep still, you can sit at ______ end. A〃neither B．each C〃either D．any 答案：C 解析：either 表示两者选一；each 表示三者或三者以上的每一个；neither 表示两者都不； any 表示任何一个。
4〃You can do it if you want to, but in my opinion it's not worth the ______ it involves. A〃effort C〃trial B．attempt D．strength
答案：A 解析：effort “努力” 。句意： “你要做的话你就去做，但是我认为你为此付出的努力是不值 得的。 ”
5〃Hearing a man following her, she ______ and ran as fast as she could. A〃feared C〃afraid B．panicked D．frightened
答案：B 解析：panic 可用做不及物动词，表示“恐慌” 。fear vt. 害怕；C 项构成 be afraid of “害 怕” 项 frighten “使害怕”或 be frightened at “害怕??” ；D 。
6〃Try not to start every sente nce with “the”. ______ the beginnings of your sentences. A〃Vary B．Decorate C〃Form D．Describe 答案：A 解析：vary “变更，改变” ；decorate “装饰，修饰” ；form “形成，养成” ；describe “描 述” 。
7〃It is all agreed that a good education doesn't ______ a good job. A〃guarantee C〃promise B．result D．permit
8〃The ancient church was almost ______ before the firefighters managed to control the big fire. A〃burned down C〃burned off B．burned at D．burning up
答案：A 解析：从题意看“教堂几乎被烧毁” ，可用 burn down 或 burn up 表示此意。但 D.burning up 语态不对。只有 A 适合题意。
9〃 ______ as an Olympic event, a sport must be played in at least 75 countries on at least 4 continents. A〃To accept C〃To be accepted B．Having accepted D．Accepting
答案：C 解析：考查非谓语动词。语意：一项运动项目要想被认可为奥运项目，必须至少在四个大 洲 75 个以上的国家开展过。动词 accept 的逻辑主语是 a sport，它们之间为动宾关系，此 处不定式 to be accepted 表示目的，符合语意。
10〃I called the airline to ______ my flight reservation a week before I left for Canada. A〃appoint C〃confirm B．obtain D．admit
答案：C 解析：考查动词词义辨析。由句意可知，我提前一周给航空公司打电话的目的是想确定一 下我动身去加拿大的航班预订。appoint 任命；obtain 得到；admit 承认；confirm 确定。根 据句意应选 C。
11〃______ was most important to her, she told me, was whether she could be admitted to a key university the next year. A〃It B．This C〃As D．What 答案：D 解析：句意：她告诉我对她来说最重要的是她下一年能否被重点大学录取。what 引导主语 从句并在从句中做主语，其他三项无此功能。
12〃Nearly half a million people are bel ieved ______ their homes as a result of the disaster. A〃to leave C〃to be leaving B．to be left D．to have left
答案：D 解析：考查非谓语动词。语意：人们认为有近 50 万人由于灾害而离开了他们的家园。leave
这个动作发生在 are believed 之前，因此非谓语动词应该用完成式，据此这里选 D 项。
13〃He was about to tell me the secret ______ someone patted him on the shoulder. A〃as C〃while B．until D．when
答案：D 解析：考查 be about to do...when... “正要做某事的时候??” 。
14〃As is well known, the Dragon Boat Festival and the custom of eating rice dumplings are ______ to us Chinese. A〃typical C〃alone B．unique D．special
答案：B 解析： unique “独特的， 是??特有的” typical “典型的” 搭配 of; alone 独自的； 。 ， special 特别的，专门的。
15〃______and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease, the patient sought her doctor's hel p to end her life. A〃Having given up hope of cure B〃With no hope for cure C〃There being hope for cure D〃In the hope of cure 答案：B
解析：本题考查独立主格结构。 A、D 两项的结构放在原句中不合适，故首先排除；由句 意 “病人让医生帮助她结束她的生命” 可以判断出此处是对治愈没有希望， ， 所以 C 也不对。
Ⅲ .阅读理解 A BINGHAM REGIONAL COLLEGE International Students' Orientation Programme What is it? It is a course which will introduce you to the College and to Bingham. It takes place in the week before term starts, from 24th—28th September, but you should plan to arrive in Bingham on the 22nd or 23rd September.
Why do we think it is important? We want you to have the best possible start to your studies and you need to find out about all
the opportunities that college life offers. It will enable you to get to know the college, its facilities and services. You will also have a chance to meet staff and students.
How much will it c ost? －International students(Non－European Union students) For those students who do not come from European Union(EU) countries, and who are not used to European culture and customs, the programme is very important and you are strongly advised to attend. Becaust of this, the cost of the programme, without accommodation(食宿), is built into your tuition fees. －
EU Students EU students are welcome to take part in this programme without accommodation for ￡195. －Accommodation costs(international and EU students)
The cost of accommodation for one week is ￡165. If you have booked accommodation for the year ahead (41 weeks) through the college, you do not have to pay extra for accommodation. You can ask us to pre－book accommodation for you one wee k only in a hotel with other International students. What is included during the programme? Meals: Lunch and an evening meal are provided as part of the programme. Please note that breakfast is not available.
Information: including such topics as accommodation, health, religious matters, study skills, and other necessary information. Social activities: including a welcome party and a half day trip round Bingham.
1〃Who are encouraged to attend the course according to the programme? A〃Those who are not familiar with their future college. B〃Those who are less prepared for their examination. C〃Those who want to improve their social lives. D〃Those who want to make up their missed lessons. 答案：A
2〃It is better for Non－European Union students to take part in the programme because ______. A〃they don't have to pay for the course B〃they can finish the programme in a shorter time
C〃it offers them opportunities to know more about European culture D〃it is very easy for them to be accepted by the natives in Bingham
3〃If a student plans to take the course, he has to arrive in Bingham at least ______ days in advance before term starts. A〃2 B．4 C〃1 D．6 4〃Which of the following might NOT be included in the program? A〃Learning how to study in the college. B〃Looking for a part－time job in the neighborhood. C〃Traveling around Bingham. D〃Understanding some taboo(禁忌) in European society.
B Want to be a volunteer for the Beijing Olympics in 2008? Recently, the recruiting started. The recruiting of Beijing Olympics Volunteer starts from Aug. 28, 2006 to the end of March 2008. Stage 1: Beijing Volunteers From August 28, 2006, the program opens to applicants in Beijing (and Beijing only). Stage 2: China Volunteers From Dec. 2006, people from outside Beijing can submit their application.
Stage 3: Overseas Volunteers By March 2007, people from outside China (including in other countries) can apply for volunteering in the 2008 Olympics. The program Travel, hotel are not provided. Only the working meal is available for volunteers (makes sense, isn't it？)．
If you have any questions, just call Olympics Volunteer hotline: ＋86 ? 10 ? 12308. According to news, 100 college students have applied for the position after three days of recruiting. 50 000 to 100 000 volunteers are needed for the game.
If you want to participate, just call the number and ask more questions about the program. However, my guess is, to be admitted to the program is not easy.
5〃Who has the most time to apply for volunteering in the 2008 Olympics? A. Li Ling from Beijing.
B. Wang Bing from Tianjin . C. Jane from Australia. D. Dongdong from Yunnan. 6〃Being a volunteer in the 2008 Olympics, you can enjoy free ______ service. A. food C. hotel B. taxi D. ticket
7〃Why does the author think it is not easy to be admitted to the program? A. Because too many people want to watch the game live. B. Because the volunteers can have good free meals every day. C. Because the volunteers can watch the game without buying a ticket. D. Because more and more people care for the Olympics .
答案及解析： 这是一篇说明文。本文介绍英国 Bingham 地区学院针对外国留学生开设的目标培训班，介 绍该培训班的学习内容等相关信息。 1〃A。推理判断题。从第二段的内容可以知道，这个课程能让学员了解学校的相关情况， 比如校园生活、学校设施与服务，有机会接触、了解职工和学生。 2〃C。推理判断题。从第三段第一节内容看，对于不是来自欧盟的留学生来说，他们不熟 悉欧洲文化与风俗，因此这门课给他们提供了机会。
3〃 细节考查题。 D。 第一段中， It takes place in the week before term starts, from 24th—28th 从 September, but you should plan to arrive in Bingham on the 22nd or 23rd September.可知 道，课程是安排在开学之前的 9 月 24—28 日，至少应该在 9 月 23 日前到达学校，即开学(9 月 29 日)前 6 天。 4〃B。推理判断题。从文章内容看，全文围绕目的在于让学生了解大学的学习生活以及文 化背景而开设的目标课程进行叙述，与学生的兼职工作没有关系。 5〃C。细节计算题。根据 Stage 3，海外的志愿者有一年的时间提交申请，中国人只有三个 月的时间。
6〃 细节题。 A。 根据 The program 的前两句： Travel, hotel are not provided. Only the working meal is available for volunteers. 7〃D。判断推理题。越来越多的人关心奥运。要从正面的角度去理解。