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江西省瑞金市2014高考英语 阅读理解和完形填空训练(5)

江西省瑞金市 2014 高考英语阅读理解和完形填空训练(5) (含答案)
It is physically impossible for a well-educated, intellectual, or brave man to make money the chief object of his thoughts; as physically impossible as it is for him to make his dinner the principal object of them. All healthy people like their dinner, but their dinner is not the main object of their lives. So all healthy- minded people like making money—ought to like it and to enjoy the sensation of winning it; but the main object of their lives is not money; it is something better than money. A good soldier, for instance, mainly wishes to do his fighting well. He is glad of his pay—very properly so, and justly grumbles when you keep him ten months without it; still, his main notion of life is to win battles, not to be paid for winning them. So do doctors. They like fees no doubt—ought to like them; yet if they are brave and well-educated, the entire object of their lives is not fees. They, on the whole, desire to cure the sick, and—if they are good doctors, and the choices were fairly put to them—would rather cure their patient and lose their fee than kill him and get it. And so with all other brave and rightly trained men; their work is first, their fee second, very important always, but still second. 1.______, according to the passage. A. Healthy-minded people shouldn’t like money B. Healthy-minded people also like money C. Nothing is worth more than food D. Healthy people can make more money 2.A good soldier’s something, better than money, is ______. A. the wish to fight bravely and win battles B. the chance to be kept ten months in the army C. the complaint about less money D. the happiness with enough money 3.What does the word “it” stand for in the last paragraph? ______ A. Fee C. Choice B. Main object D. Education

4.The following statements are true EXCEPT ______. A. All people don’t make their work the main object of their lives B. money is always very important for all the people C. soldiers and doctors are brave and well-educated


D. money is still second for those brave and well-educated

钱是人们生活中必不可少的东西,世界上没有对钱真正不感兴趣的人。但对具有良好修 养者、智者、勇敢者而言,他们却永远把钱放在第二位,放在第一位的是他们的职责、义务 和追求。 1.B。细节题。根据第一段第四句 “...all healthy-minded people like making money—ought to like it and to enjoy the sensation of winning it”说明任何心智健 全的人都会喜欢赚钱的而且也会享受赚钱的乐趣的。 2.A。细节题。根据第二段首句“A good soldier,... mainly wishes to do his fighting well”清楚说明一个士兵主要是希望在战场上表现英勇。 3.A。词义理解题。根据第三段第四句中“...would rather cure their patient and lose their fee than kill him and get it”,说明 it 在这里指的是前面提到的 fee。 4.C。推理判断题。根据整篇文章的描述,可以判断 C 选项“士兵和大夫是勇敢的和受 过良好教育的”说得很笼统,应该是士兵是勇敢的而大夫是受过良好教育的。因此 C 选项属 应该排除的选项,这恰恰符合题干选错误的答案的要求。其他选项表达都是正确的。

*****************************************************结束 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)? 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~35 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。? It is always interesting to visit another country, especially for those who have never traveled a great deal. 16 travel can be very educational for anyone, 17 18 20 the language of the the benefits of such 22 not seem 24 26

he is interested enough to make preparations beforehand. new country would be an effort would become 19 for the traveler to attempt, 21

immediately after his arrival. It 23

important to him when he is comfortably situated at home,

knowing how to 25 27 country.

a meal or rent a room is essential for the newcomer in a knowing the language, it is very difficult for the stranger to the new country and 28 customs. 29

the people of

Of course, in our small world, it is understands 30 31

possible to find someone who

own language, but this is only second-best for the traveler. To be 32 places and

, he can see places and things without the use of a language,

things are


the heart of any country. To get the greatest benefit from a trip 34 for the visitor to have an understanding of

to another country, it is indeed the 35 .

16.A. national 17.A. if 18.A. Knowing 19.A. easy 20.A. and 21.A. obvious 22.A. did 23.A. although 24.A. order 25.A. foreign 26.A. By 27.A. meet 28.A. his 29.A. often 30.A. his 31.A. sure 32.A. for 33.A. usually 34.A. possible 35.A. country

B. international B. unless B. Saying B. simple B. therefore B. invisible B. must B. but B. book B. familiar B. When B. see B. its B. never B. your B. ensure B. but B. not B. impossible B. people C. may

C. domestic C. since C. Learning C. difficult C. although C. useful D. can C. where C. cook C. particular C. With C. hear C. their C. seldom C. our C. insure C. though C. only C. useless C. language

D. abroad D. so D. Studying D. impossible D. but D. useless

D. when D. eat D. peculiar D. Without D. understand D. our D. only D. their D. honest D. as D. very much D. important D. customs

参考答案 16-20 BACCD 26-30DDCAC 21-25ACBAA 31-35ABBDC



When a storm is coming, most people leave the area as quickly as possible and head for safety. But there are a few people who will get into their cars and go straight for the center of the storm. These people are willing to risk(冒?危险)being killed by floods or 100-kilometer-an-hour winds for the excitement of watching the storm close up. “Storm chasing(追逐)” is becoming an increasingly popular hobby(喜好), especially in the Midwest of the United States, where there are frequent storms between March and July. A storm chaser begins the day by checking the Internet for the latest weather reports, and then drives up to 1,000 kilometers to where the storm will be and waits for it to develop. Although anyone can do it , storm chasing is extremely dangerous. The power of a big storm can throw a cow into the air or destroy a whole house in seconds. Storm chasers are also often hurt in accidents caused by driving in a heavy rain. If you are a beginner, it is much safer to join a group for storm-chasing vacations during the storm season. Even then, storm chasing is not all adventure and excitement . “Storm chasing is 95% driving,” says Daniel Lynch, who spends most of his summer storm-chasing. “Sometimes you can sit around for hours waiting for something to happen, and all you get is blue sky and a few light showers.” However, for storm chasers, it is all worth it. “When you get close to a storm, it is the most exciting sight you will ever see in your life,” says Jasper Morley. “Every storm is an example of the power of nature, It is the greatest show on Earth.” 57. For storm chasing, the first thing storm chasers do is to . head straight for the center of the storm get into the car for safety wait patiently for the storm to develop collect information about a coming storm 58. Beginners of storm chasing are advised . not to drive in a heavy rain to do it in an organized way not to get too close to a storm to spend more time on it in summer 59. By saying “it is all worth it” in the last paragraph, the author means that . storm chasing costs a lot of money storm chasing is worth hours of waiting efforts in storm chasing are well paid a storm presents the greatest show on Earth 60. What can we learn from the text? Sometimes storm chasers get nothing but disappointment Many storm chasers get killed in the storms. Storm chasing is becoming popular around the world Storm chasing is only fit for young people. 参考答案 题 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59


序 答 D 案 C B B A B C D D C C A D A C A D B C A

A There are a lot of things that happen to me in China but would certainly never happen in the US. One of those things is being called “strong”. The first time was last December. I was walking across the high school campus in Guangzhou where I taught when a student in a gray scarf waved hello. I smiled and waved back, but then she stopped and called my name. “You’re so strong!” She smiled and pointed at what appeared to be my arm. I looked down at my arms. let’s get one thing clear: I’m a very skinny guy. Once, while rehearsing for a high school talent show, I was told by the teacher in charge that I couldn’t participate in the men’s shirtless dance routine because my visible rig cage(胸腔) would frighten the audience. “I’m so what?” “You’re so strong!” she repeated. “Um, thanks!” I didn’t know what else to say, so we both waved goodbye. The next morning I stepped into my oral English classroom only to be greeted instantly by a unanimous(异口同声的) “Waaa!” of shock and admiration. “What?” I asked. “You’re so strong!” shouted a boy from the back of the class. “Okay, will someone tell me what that means?” I was curious as to the real reason for such praise. So I turned to the monitor, gesturing for him to speak. “We just mean, you look very strong today,” he offered earnestly. “What?! You mean like this?” I curled(卷起) my arm like a body-builder. “No! But it’s so cold, and you’re only wearing a short-sleeve shirt.” Oh, I got it. My “strength” had less to do with my muscle and more to do with my apparent ignorance of the cold weather. 41. From the passage we can learn that the author is _______. A. a Chinese student B. an American student C. a Chinese teacher D. an American student 42. The author used the example of being refused to join in the dance routine to show that ______. A. many people worry about his bad health B. he is as strong as a body builder C. actually he isn’t physically strong at all D. being called “strong” often happens to him th 43. The underlined word “she” in the 4 paragraph refers to ______. A. the girl he met on the campus B. the teacher in charge of the dance routine C. the girl who joined in the rehearsing D. a stranger he met on the way to work 44. Which of the following is the best title for this passage? A. The Chinese Culture or the Western Culture

B. Am I Strong or Do I Need a Sweater C. How I Can Get Stronger in Winter D. How We Can Tell Two Different Cultures Apart

参考答案 41-44 DCAB *************************************************************结束

BBC Sports program Sunday We are currently planning our Volunteer Program, which will ensure volunteers are trained and ready to go for 2012.Up to 70,000 volunteers will be needed to help put on the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.Our program will aim to encourage a wide range of people to join in.We will provide the training to make sure our volunteers' skills are of the highest standard.London 2012 is an opportunity to inspire everyone to develop their interests and volunteer-in sport and also more widely within their community. Applications will open in the late 2011.We'll recruit(招募) volunteers from across the UK—from a range of communities and backgrounds.Our recruitment process will be open and fair.Our goal is to select applicants who meet our standards and who will bring passion, enthusiasm and energy to the Games.Previous volunteering experience is not necessary.We'll give each successful applicant a specific role, allowing them to contribute meaningfully to the Games.There will be two kinds of Games volunteer—specialist and generalist. Specialist volunteers will have specific existing skills or qualifications that are needed for them to complete the role, for example, sport or medical training. Generalist volunteers will not need any special skills or qualifications and will receive full training.They might be given roles in areas such as event services, uniform distribution (分发) and village operations.All volunteers will be expected to attend training events that will give them the knowledge they need to carry out their role. There are lots of charities and sporting organizations that are looking for volunteers to help them.While you are waiting for applications for the London 2012 volunteer program to open in the late 2011, why not consider getting involved locally? You can find opportunities to volunteer in a range of activities in your local area by following the links on the right hand side of this page or make local enquiries about the needs in your community. 45.Where will you probably find this article? A.In a newspaper. B.On a webpage. C.In a magazine. D.In a textbook 46.Who can apply to become a volunteer in the 2012 Olympics? A.People from some English-speaking countries. B.People with volunteering experience. C.People who meet the standards.


D.People with a knowledge of the Olympic history. 47.Which of the following statements is wrong? A.Two kinds of volunteers will be needed. B.Specialist volunteers do not have to attend training events. C.Applications will not be accepted until 2011. D.Generalist volunteers will be fully trained 48.What can you do in July, 2011? A.Do some volunteering work locally. B.Apply to become a volunteer in the 2012 Olympics. C.Get trained in the Volunteer Program. D.Join in the Olympic Games.





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