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高考英语作文应用文写作技巧书信类


应用文

类型: 书信、通知、日记、海报、便条、启事、欢迎词、欢送词、 告别词、广告 书信类型: 事务书信和私人信件 (求职信、 投诉信、 慰问信、 建议信、 说明信、感谢信?) 高考重点考查的几类书信: 建议信、求职信/申请信、抱怨信/投诉信 几种书信常用的表达式

①建议信 You have asked me for my advice

with regard to? and I will try to make some suggestions. I would like to suggest that? It is important to? It helps to ? It should be a good idea to? I think it would be a good idea/ more beneficial if you could? Why not??/ Why don’t you?? I hope you will find these suggestions helpful.

最关键的部分就是用不同的句型提出建议,并辅以适 当的联系词来连接这些建议。此外,不要忘了在建议 的后面附上自己建议的理由用以充实自己的文章。

例文 1 假定你是李华,你的英国朋友 Peter 来信向你咨询如何才 能学好中文。请你根据要点写封回信。 要点:1. 参加中文学习班 2. 看中文书刊、电视 3. 学唱中文歌曲 4. 交中国朋友 注意:1. 词数 100 左右 2. 可适当增加细节 3.开头语已为你写好 June 8, 2008 Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well.____ _______________________________ Best wishes, Li Hua 【写作指导】 信件类型:建议信 内容: 写信人就某事或某问题提出建议 主体时态:一般现在时 正文部分: 必须给对方问题明确答复; 建议的内容要层次 清楚,目的明确,具有合理性和说服力;语言要正确、清晰、 礼貌、体贴,易于对方接受。 【 范文】 Dear Peter,

I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions. First, it is Important to take a Chinese course, as you’ll be able to learn from the teacher and practice with your fellow students. Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you’ll learn and remember Chinese words more easily. You can also make more Chinese friends,who will tell you a lot about China and

help you learn Chinese.
Try and write me in Chinese next time. Best wishes, Li Hua

②求职信/申请信 I learned from?/ I read?in (the newspaper ) ? I am thinking I am suitable for the job/position. I graduated from ?/ I have rich experience in doing? I will devote myself to it if I can get it./ I would appreciate it if you can give a chance. I’m looking forward to your reply (interview) ./ Hope for an early reply. 例文 2 假如你是卜曼宜,你购买了一部某外国公司生产的手机, 因有质量问题,要求该公司更换。请根据下列要点,用英文写 一封电子邮件。

要点: 1. 问题:手机不响铃,不能发短信; 该产品已售完,无 法更换;型号新,无配件,无法维修。 2.要求:公司应尽快予以更换。 注意:1. 词数为 100 左右 2.参考词汇:配件 ——spare part 3.电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好 Dear Sir, I am writing to you for the mobile phone of Dephone-S250 I bought on 20th Apr.2008 at Tele Mall in Wuhan, P.R. China_____________________________________________ Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely yours Bu Manyi 【写作指导】 信件类型: 抱怨信 内容:写信人针对未能解决的问题提出抱怨,希望得到对 方的帮助 主体时态:一般过去时 正文部分: ①切中要害,客观说明存在的问题。 ②怨之有节,重在解决问题( 有礼有节,说明存在的问题 对自己造成的不利影响或危害;必要时也可提出自己对存在问 题的解决办法或建议)。 ③语言力求简洁。 【 范文】 Dear Sir, I am writing to you for the mobile phone of ... Ten

days after that, it didn't ring and send short messages. Then I took it to the seller, but was told that the model had been sold out and I had to wait at least three months for a new one. Later I went to the repairman. He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts. I was so desperate on hearing that. How can I wait that long? Therefore, I require that you send me a new one of the same model within a month. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely yours, Bu Manyi ③抱怨信/投诉信 I am writing to make a complaint /to express my dissatisfaction about? I would like to get this matter settled by the end of this month. I hope you can give me a satisfying reply and deal with this matter seriously. I trust you will take my complaint seriously and do something to this matter. I must warn you that unless you do something about the situation, I will be forced to take legal action.

例文 3

假设你是李华,申请到一家外资企业工作,你需要用英文 给该公司经理写一封信,介绍自己的基本情况,信件必须包括 下面全部内容: 姓名: 李华;出生年月: 1981 年 8 月; 出生地: 广东省佛山市; 学历: 1994—2000 佛山第一中学 2000—2004 广州大学计算机系 2004—至今在一所中学工作 所学主要课程: 计算机、中文、数学、英语、体育 特长:计算机编程 爱好: 音乐、游泳(曾获大学游泳比赛一等奖) 联系电话:5673678 E-mail: lihua6688@yahoo.com.cn 要求:简介必须包括以上全部内容(信的开头和结尾已经 写好) Dear Manager, ___________________________________________ I am looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much. Yours Truly, Li Hua 【写作指导】 信件类型:求职信 内容:写信人申请工作 主体时态:一般现在时,一般过去时 正文部分: 1、介绍信息来源(开篇交代句)。

2、表明求职心愿(写信目的。) 3、介绍个人简历。 4、摆出求职优势。 5、提出获职打算。 6、请求答复联系。(通讯地址、邮政编码、电话号码、电 子信箱等) 7、表明感激之情。 【 范文】 Dear Manager, I learned from the newspaper that your company wanted to hire a computer engineer. I am interested in this position and writing to apply for it. Now I’d like to introduce myself. My name is Li Hua and I was born in Foshan City of Guangdong Province in August 1981. I studied in Foshan No. 1 Middle School from 1994 – 2000, and then I came to study in the Computer Department of Guangzhou University for four years. I majored in computer science, but my strong point is computer programming. In addition, I studied Chinese, maths, English, P.E. and now I am working for a high school. I also like pop music and swimming very much, and I once won the first prize for swimming in the school competition. If I am accepted, I’ll work hard and try my best to make a contribution to the company. My telephone number is 5673678. E-mail: lihua6688@yahoo.com.cn I am looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much.

Yours Truly, Li Hua 随堂演练 假如你叫李华,你的家乡原来有座茂密的森林,但现在已 变成了荒漠。请根据下面几幅图的内容,向一家英文报社写一 篇“Protecting The Forest”的短文。注意:1. 词数 100 左 右; 2. 开头已为你写好

Protecting The Forest My hometown used to be a beautiful place. 内容要点: 1、家乡原来青山绿水,很美。 2、人们毁林种庄稼,过度放牧,造成水土流失、土地荒漠 化。 3、发表你的看法。 分析下面学生习作,找出问题,并修改。 (1) Some years ago, my hometown used to be a beautiful place. There is a forest on the hill. Many animals and birds lived there. But later people wanted to plant crops.

They began to destroy the forest. They also feeded their crows and sheep on the grass. The trees and grass disappeared. And the forest became wasteland. So when wind blows, the sand on the ground flies into the air. It is harmful to be environment and our health. In our opinion, people should be punished for the bad result. We must ask the public to protect the environment. If every of us take action, we can live better. 【分析】 【修改】


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