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高考任务型阅读常考同义替换整理


高考任务型阅读常考同义替换整理 1. bring about/result in/lead to/contribute to/account for/cause/make for 导致 2. result from=arise from 是…的结果 3. in particular=particularly in peace=peacefully 4. in silence=si

lently in harmony=harmoniously in part=partly 5. be accused of=be charged with 被指控 6. in advance=ahead of time(schedule) 预先 7. put forward=come up with 提出 8. at random= randomly 随意地 9. object to doing=oppose doing=be opposed to doing=raise an objection to 反对做某事 10. support=be in favor of=favor=subscribe to 支持 11. date back to=date from 始于/追溯到 12. on behalf of=represent 代表 13. on top of/apart from/aside from/besides/as well as 除了 14. a variety of+n. /varieties of+n. =various+n. 各种各样的 15. make full use of= make the most(best) of= take advantage of 利用 16. show up=turn up=appear 显露 17. be worth doing=be worthy of being done=be worthy to be done 值得 deserve doing 17.be related to= be associated with= be linked to= be connected with 跟…有关 18. stand/bear/tolerate/put up with 忍受 19. put off doing=delay doing=postpone doing=buy time to do 推迟 20. do with=deal with=cope with=handle 处理 21. need/want/require doing=need/want/require to be done 想要/需要做某事 22. (sth) deserve doing=(sth) deserve to be done 值得做 23. supply sb with sth=supply sth to sb provide sb with sth=provide sth for sb =offer sb sth/offer sth to sb.提供某人某物 24. have an effect on=have effect(s) /impact / influence on =affect 对…有影响 25. an approach to doing sth.=a way of doing sth.=a way to do sth.=How to do sth. 做…的方法 26. consist of=be made up of=be composed of 由…组成 a class consisting of 50 students=A class made up of 50 students 由 50 个学生组成的班级 27. replace B with A= substitute A for B= take the place of B 用 A 替代 B 28. resemble=look like= be similar to =bear a resemblance to 像…类似于 29. sb make sense of sth=sb understand sth 某人明白某事 30. be of use/ value=be useful/valuable 对…有用 31. be accessible to=have access to=be available to 可获得的 32. accompany sb=keep sb company companion 同伴/伴侣 33. be drunk with= be addicted to =be hooked on 沉迷于 34. manage to do=succeed in doing (设法)成功做某事 35. to be hones/frank/strict=..honestly/frankly/strictly speaking 坦率的/直白的/严格说来 to be precise 精确地来说 36. as soon as sb does=upon/on doing 一…就 37. including sth=sth included 包括 38. be absorbed in = be lost in= be buried in 专心于 39. be tired/sick of=be bored with=be fed up with 对…感到困倦 40. have an edge/advantage over=be superior to= be better than… 胜过…比…强 41. be consistent with =be in line with= corresponded to= agree with 与…相一致 42. differ from=be different from 与…不同

43.take the place of A=be in place of A=replace 取代 44. at your convenience=when it is convenient for you 当你方便时 45. account for=make up 占据…比例 46. take up=occupy 占据 believe in=trust 信任 take in sth. =absorb sth 理解,吸收 47. on one’s own=by oneself=alone=independently 自己独立 48. be exposed to sth/ exposure to… 使…暴露于 49. at hand=handy 在手边 50. be aware/conscious of=realize=recognize 意识到… 51. tell the difference between A and B =make a distinction between A and B 区分 =tell/distinguish A from B= tell…apart (注意:没有 differ A from B) 52. escape from=flee 逃离 53. the remaining money=the money left 剩下的钱 54. face sth=be faced with sth 面对某事 Facing sth=Faced with sth (状语) 面临某事 55. be responsible for=take responsibility for=answer for… 对…负责 56. make fun of=laugh at=tease=mock 嘲笑 57. at the same time=meanwhile 同时 58. in spite of /despite +短语=Though/ Although/ While+句子 / 虽然 (用 as 要倒装) 59. beyond belief=incredible=unbelievable 难以置信的 60. out of the question=impossible 不可能 out of question =no problem 没问题 61. treat sb badly=abuse sb 虐待某人 62. convince sb=make sb convinced 使某人信服 63. be unaware of=fail to notice=overlook=ignore=neglect 忽视 64. take pride in=be proud of 对…感到自豪 65. be dressed in=wear sth 穿着 66. burst into tears=burst out crying 突然大哭 67. stress /underline/ emphasize the importance of sth 强调 68. look after=take care of=attend to 照顾 69. seek=look for=search for…/ be in search of 寻找 70. starve to death=die of hunger/starvation 饿死 71. sth benefit sb=sth be beneficial to sb=sth be of benefit to sb=sb benefit from sth 某人从某事受益 72. every year= yearly= annual 每年的 36=3 dozen 3打 73. 100 years= 1 century= 10 decades 100 年 a fortnight= two weeks 两周 74. make preparations for=be in preparation for…= prepare for 为…做准备 75. take an active part in = take part in sth actively 积极参加 Have a positive influence on = influence sth positively 积极影响 76. compensate for=make up for 补偿 77. commit oneself to doing= promise to do 承诺做 78. sth kill sb= sth cost sb the life= claim one’s life 某物杀了某人 79. matter/count/be very important 重要 80. list the things that you are good at= list what/ all you are good at 列举你擅长的 81. be tired out= be worn out= be exhausted= be burnt out= be weary 累坏了 82. online= on the Internet 在网上 83. socially responsible= social responsibility 社会责任 84. come into being/existence=form/exist … 存在/形成 85. catch on.= be popular 流行的 86. now and then= sometimes=occasionally 偶然

87. make one’s dream come true = realize/live one’s dream 实现某人梦想 88. make an apology=apologize to sb. 89. be over=end=put…to an end= come to an end 结束 90. don’t/never do=avoid doing= keep away from… 91. be able to do sth.= be capable of sth. 92. use up= run out of… run out= give out= be used up 93. most of the people= the majority of the people 94. learn good citizenship= learn to be good citizens 95. improve one’s skills= polish up one’s skills 96. lack sth.= be short of sth.= be lacking in 缺少 97. without destroying them= without causing destruction. 98. limit sth = keep sth in check 限制 99. cause sb to participate in sth = involve sb in sth 100. A be responsible for B= B cause/ result in / lead to A


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