湖北省武汉市部分重点中学 2013-2014 学年高一上学期期末考试 英语试题
第二部分：词汇知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分)
第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. There’s a ______
in our office that when it’s somebody’s birthday, they bring in a cake for us all to share. A. tradition consideration. A. give off ______ it most. A. reserved B. observed C. deserved D. served 24. Fast food representatives have argued that the regulation related to the diet is one’s own ______ choice and responsibility. A. personal in the lecture hall. A. competitive A. bargain B. attractive B. debate C. positive C. contest D. sensitive D. quarrel 26. Recently our class held a fierce ______ as to whether to raise the price of school meals or not. 27. I can ______ say that my Chinese and English are pretty good. I won prizes in speech competitions and composition contests several times in both. A. certainly B. cheerfully C. confidently D. carefully 28. Android Data Recovery Pro is a revolutionary new product designed to ______ deleted data from Android Phones, which will help you find deleted data as well as other data from your Android phone. A. recover B. remove C. require D. replace 29. Two-fifths of people have reported that they get a sunburn ______ to “deepen” a brown skin, despite the fact that getting a painful sunburn just once every two years can increase the possibility of skin cancer. A. on condition important events. A. regular B. similar C. particular D. familiar 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的
22. Don’t ______ to personal feelings, Jack. We will have to take the company’s policy into B. give in C. give up D. give out
23. The trouble was that the reward was not always given to everyone, nor was it given to those who
25. Professor John Smith is always very ______ to the reaction of the audience when he gives a speech
B. at present
C. by accident
D. on purpose
30. I am ______ with the history of China from the very beginning, and I know the ins and outs of many
最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I shall never forget the day when the earthquake took place. The time was 515 in the afternoon and I was driving along the road to 31 my daughter from school. Our plan was to go 32 together. I had finished work at about 4 o’clock and then 33 to the post office. Then I stopped 34 at a shop in order to get some 35 fruit. We like to have some fruit to eat after our swim when we would feel tired. I was driving along a high road on my way to the school. Over my road was another way for cars coming the other way. I was 36 so I put the bag of apples in the seat 37 me and started to eat one. Suddenly I saw the cars in front of me start to move from side to side. I slowed down. Then 38 started to shake. I didn’t know what was happening, 39 something had gone wrong with my car. I drove 40 slower. I stopped the car and at the same moment the road fell onto the cars in front of me. I found myself in the dark. I couldn’t move. The bottom parts of both my legs and my 41 were hurting badly and I couldn’t move them. All around me was 42 . But above me I could hear shouts and a lot of noise. Then I 43 what had happened. I had been in an earthquake. For about two hours nobody came. Luckily I could 44 the bag of apples, so at least I had plenty to eat. Then I 45 people climbing towards me. A team of people had come to see if anyone was under the broken 46 . I called out! “I’m here!” I heard a shout, soon 47 climbed to the side of the bridge near my car, “How are you doing?” he asked. “Not too bad,” I said, “but my feet and legs 48 as if they’re broken.” “We’ll have you out of there just as 49 as we can,” he said. They didn’t get me out 50 the next morning. I had been in my car for 14 hours. 31. A. take up B. bring up C. pick up D. send up 32. A. swimming B. shopping C. sightseeing D. skating 33. A. arrived B. came C. got D. gone 34. A. off B. away C. over D. up 35. A. dried B. fresh C. expensive D. cheap 36. A. happy B. excited C. surprised D. hungry 37. A. before B. below C. beside D. behind 38. A. my car B. my hands C. my feet D. the road 39. A. Surely B. Perhaps C. Suddenly D. Quickly 40. A. much B. more C. a little D. even 41. A. feet B. arms C. hands D. fingers 42. A. dark B. quiet C. cold D. noisy 43. A. was told B. found out C. discovered D. memorized 44. A. see B. hold C. catch D. reach 45. A. saw B. heard C. found D. recognized 46. A. railway B. road C. car D. trees 47. A. a stranger B. a friend C. my daughter D. a driver 48. A. appear B. look C. seem D. feel 49. A. fast B. easy C. soon D. possible 50. A. before B. since C. until D. after 第三部分：阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A After seven years of preparation, England kicked off the 2012 Summer Olympic Games on Friday. NBC estimates (估计) that 4 billion viewers tuned in (收看) from around the world to watch the opening ceremonies in London England.
Oscar-winning filmmaker Danny Boyle directed the opening ceremonies. The show cost $42 million and required 15,000 volunteers. An Exciting Opening Boyle’s ceremonies took audiences through a history of England. The performance began in the English countryside, continued with the building of factories and cities and ended up in the modern age, with performers texting and using cellphones. Next, the athletes, coaches and officials from the 205 nations competing made their way into the stadium during the Parade of Nations. The ceremonies ended with the lighting of the Olympic flame and Paul McCartney, former member of the famous rock band The Beatles, singing the song “Hey Jude”. Super Surprises The opening weekend of competition took some unexpected turns. American swimmer Ryan Lochte surprised the world when he beat teammate Michael Phelps to win a gold medal in the 400-meter individual medley (混合泳). It was the first time Phelps did not win a medal in an Olympic race since 2000, when Phelps was 15.” I had a chance to put myself in a good spot, and I didn’t do it,” Phelps said after the race. “It’s pretty upsetting, but the biggest thing now is to try to get back and move forward.” Even more surprising was China’s 16-year-old Ye Shiwen’s unbelievable performance in the women’s 400-metre individual medley. Ye set the first swimming world record this year, even swimming faster than men’s gold medalist, Lochte, during the final 50 meters of the race! Though many expected to see American gymnast Jordyn Wieber take home gold in the women’s all gymnastics final, Wieber did not qualify (使具有资格) for the event. Only two gymnasts from each country can qualify, and Wieber was beaten by teammates Gabby Douglas and Aly Raisman. With the Games just getting under way, there are likely many more surprises. What else will surprise fans around the world? You’ll have to watch to find out! 51. The underlined phrase “kicked off” in Paragraph 1 means ______. A. started B. attended C. held D. celebrated 52. What did the opening ceremonies mainly show us? A. Britain’s city views. B. Britain’s film and music stars. C. Britain’s rich history. D. Britain’s advanced technology. 53. What surprised audiences during the opening weekend of the London Olympic Games? A. Michael Phelps took second place in the 400-meter individual medley. B. Ryan Lochte defeated Michael Phelps and won a gold medal. C. Ye Shiwen swam faster than men’s gold medalist throughout the final. D. Jordyn Wieber was beaten by her teammates in the all-around gymnastics final. 54. What is the best title for the text? A. Let the Games Begin B. London Olympics Opening Ceremonies C. London, the City to Host the Most Olympics D. The Olympic Moments that Surprised the World B Laptop computers are popular all over the world. People use them on trains and airplanes, in airports and hotels. These laptops connect people to their workplace. In the United States today, laptops also connect students to their classrooms. Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want. Within five years, each of the 1500 students at the college will receive a laptop. The laptops are part of a $10 million computer program at Westlake, a 110-year-old college. The students with laptops will also have access to the Internet. In addition, they will be able to use e-mail to “speak” with their teachers, their classmates and their families. However, the most important part of the laptop program is that students will be able to use computers without going to computer labs.
They can work with it at home, in a fast-food restaurant or under the trees — anywhere at all! Because of the many changes in computer technology, laptop use in higher education, such as colleges and universities, is workable. As laptops become more powerful, they become more similar to desktop computers. In addition, the portable (便携式) computers can connect students to not only the Internet, but also libraries and other resources. State higher-education officials are studying how laptops can help students. State officials are also testing laptop programs at other universities, too. At Westlake College, more than 60 percent of the staff use computers. The laptops will allow all teachers to use computers in their lessons. As one Westlake teacher said, “Here we are in the middle of Virginia and we’re giving students a window on the world. They can see everything and do everything.” 55. The main purpose of the laptop program is to give each student a laptop to ______. A. connect them to libraries B. search the Internet C. work only at home D. use for their schoolwork 56. Which of the following is true about Westlake College? A. All teachers use computers. B. 1500 students have laptops. C. It is an old college in America. D. Students there can do everything. 57. The underlined phrase “a window on the world” in the last paragraph means that students can ______. A. attend lectures on information technology B. get information from around the world C. travel around the world D. have free laptops 58. What can we infer from the passage? A. We don’t know the result yet. B. The program is not workable. C. The program is too expensive. D. The program is terrible. C To face the music Like every language, American English is full of special expressions, phrases that come from the day-to-day life of the people and develop in their own way. Our expression today is “to face the music.” When someone says, “Well, I guess I’ll have to face the music,” it does not mean he’s planning to go to the concert. It is something far less pleasant, like being called in by your boss to explain why you did this and did that, and why you didn’t do this or that. Sour music indeed, but it has to be faced. At sometime or another, every one of us has had to face the music, especially as children. We can all remember father’s angry voice, “I want to talk to you!” and only because we did not obey him. What an unpleasant business it was! The phrase “to face the music” is familiar to every American, young and old. It is at least 100 years old. And where did this expression come from? The first explanation comes from the American novelist, James Fenimore Looper. He said, in 1851, that the expression was first used by actors while waiting in the wings to go on the stage. When they got their cue (提示) to go on, they often said, “Well, it’s time to face the music.” And that is exactly what they did---facing the orchestra which was just below them. And an actor might be frightened or nervous as he moved on to the stage in front of an audience that might be friendly or perhaps hostile, especially if he forgot his lines (台词). But he had to go out. If he did not, there would be no play. So the expression “to face the music” came to mean “having to go through something, no matter how unpleasant the experience might be, because you knew you had no choice.” Other explanations about the expression go back to the army. When the men faced inspection by their leader, the soldiers would be worried about how well they looked. Was their equipment clean, shinny enough to pass inspection? Still the men had to go out and face the music of the band as well as the inspection. What else could they do? Another army explanation is more closely related to the idea of facing the results and accepting the
responsibility for something that should not have been done. As for example, when a man is forced out of the army because he did something terrible, he is dishonored. The band does not play. Only the drums tap a sad, slow beat. The soldier is forced to leave, facing such music as it is and facing the back of his horse. 59. How many explanations are mentioned about the phrase “to face the music” in the passage? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4. 60. What does the phrase “to face the music” really mean? A. To face the stage. B. To face the back of the horse. C. To face one’s leader or father. D. To face something far less pleasant. 61. Which of the following occasions is the one we may have to face the music? A. When we are playing basketball in the playground. B. When we are making a speech before a lot of people. C. When we are having a party at ease with our teachers. D. When we are talking with somebody in secret. 62. The underlined word “hostile” in the third paragraph means ______. A. unfriendly B. dislike C. unkind D. unnecessary D One might expect that the ever-growing demands of the tourist trade would bring nothing but good for the countries that receive the holiday-makers. Indeed, a rosy picture is painted for the long-term future of the holiday industry. Every month sees the building of a new hotel somewhere. And every month another rock-bound Pacific island is advertised as the “last paradise (天堂) on earth”. However, the scale and speed of this growth seem set to destroy the very things tourists want to enjoy. In those countries where there was a rush to make quick money out of seaside holidays, over-crowded beaches and the concrete jungles of endless hotels have begun to lose their appeal. Those countries with little experience of tourism can suffer most. In recent years, Nepal set out to attract foreign visitors to fund developments in health and education. Its forests, full of wildlife and rare flowers, were offered to tourists as one more untouched paradise. In fact, the nature all too soon felt the effects of thousands of holiday-makers traveling through the forest land. Ancient tracks became major routes for the walkers, with the consequent exploitation (开发) of precious trees and plants. Not only can the environment of a country suffer from the sudden growth of tourism. The people as well rapidly feel its effects. Farmland makes way for hotels, roads and airports; the old way of life goes. The one-time farmer is now the servant of some multi-national organization; he is no longer his own master. Once it was his back that bore the pain; now it is his smile that is exploited. No doubt he wonders whether he wasn’t happier in his village working his own land. Thankfully, the tourist industry is waking up to the responsibilities it has towards those countries that receive its customers. The protection of wildlife and the creation of national parks go hand in hand with tourist development and in fact obtain financial support from tourist companies. At the same time, tourists are being encouraged to respect not only the countryside they visit but also its people. The way tourism is handled in the next ten years will decide its fate and that of the countries we all want to visit. Their needs and problems are more important than those of the tourist companies. Increased understanding in planning worldwide tourism can preserve (保护) the market for these companies. If not, in a few years’ time the very things that attract tourists now may well have been destroyed. 63. What does the author indicate in the last sentence of Paragraph 1? A. The Pacific island is a paradise. B. The Pacific island is worth visiting. C. The advertisement is not convincing. D. The advertisement is not impressive. 64. The example of Nepal is used to suggest ______. A. its natural resources are untouched B. its forests are exploited for farmland
C. it develops well in health and education D. it suffers from the heavy flow of tourists 65. Which of the following determines the future of tourism? A. The number of tourists. B. The improvement of services. C. The promotion of new products. D. The management of tourism. 66. The author’s attitude towards the development of the tourist industry is ______. A. optimistic B. objective C. doubtful D. negative E Personal computers and the Internet give people new choices about how to spend their time. Some may use this freedom to share less time with certain friends or family members, but new technology will also let them stay in closer touch with those they care most about. I know this from personal experience. E-mail makes it easy to work at home, which is where I now spend most weekends and evenings. My working hours aren’t necessarily much shorter than they once were but I spend fewer of them at the office. This lets me share more time with my young daughter than I might have if she’d been born before electronic mail became such a practical tool. The Internet also makes it easy to share thoughts with a group of friends. Say you do something fun, see a great movie perhaps---and there are four or five friends who might want to hear about it. If you call each one, you may tire of telling the story. With E-mail, you just write one note about your experience, at your convenience, and address (述 说) it to all the friends who you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time, and read only as much as they want to. They can reply at their convenience, and you can read what they have to say at your convenience. E-mail is also an inexpensive way to stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use E-mail to keep in touch, even daily touch, with their children off at college. We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They don’t take the place of any of the old ways. 67. The purpose of this passage is to ______. A. explain how to use the Internet B. tell the merits (价值) and usefulness of the Internet C. describe the writer’s joy of keeping up with the latest technology D. introduce the reader to basic knowledge about personal computers and the Internet 68. The use of E-mail has made it possible for the writer to ______. A. spend less time working B. work at home on weekends C. have more free time with his child D. work at a speed comfortable to him 69. According to the writer, E-mail has an obvious advantage over the telephone because the former helps one ______. A. reach a group of people at one time conveniently B. keep one’s communication as personal as possible C. pass on much more information than the latter D. get in touch with one’s friends faster than telephone 70. The best title for this passage is ______. A. Computer New Technological Advances B. Internet New Tool to Maintain Good Friendship C. Computers Have Made Life Easier D. Internet a Convenient Tool for Communication 第四部分：书面表达(共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答题卡 上的相应题号后。 71. They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house _________________.
(rebuild) 他们目前和他们的父母住在一起，因为他们自己的房子现在正在重建。 72. There is no doubt __________________ his injury in time for the race next week. (recover) 毫无疑问，他会及时恢复伤痛并参加下星期的比赛。 73. ___________________ for three blocks and then turn right. You’ll see the hospital on your left. (go) 沿着这条路走三个街区，然后右转，你会看到医院就在你的左边。 74. During his last lecture, the scientist ___________________ easier to explain the theory to those with some background knowledge. (find) 在那位科学家上次的讲座中，他发现，对那些有一些背景知识的人，更容易解释这个理论。 75. —Have you seen the film White Deer Plain? —Of course, I have. It was in our village in 2012 __________________. (make) —你看过电影《白鹿原》吗？ —当然看了，这部电影是 2012 年在我们村子里拍的。 76. Since February last year in the United States of America, ten Shotgun Weddings __________________ each month. (hold) 美国自从去年二月份以，每个月都会举行 10 场“枪支婚礼”。 77. Only when he thought of his lovely daughter _________________ his future during the hard days. (hopeful) 在那艰苦的岁月里，只有想到他那可爱的女儿，他就对前途充满希望。 78. She gave a musical concert in the hall __________________ a famous violinist last week. (interview) 上星期，她在这个大厅里举行了一场音乐会，在那儿我们采访了一位著名的小提琴家。 79. It was an exciting moment for these football fans this year, _____________ __________ the World Cup for the first time in years. (win) 今年对于这些球迷说，这是一个激动人心的时刻，多年他们所支持的球队第一次赢得了世界 杯。 80. Xi’an is one of the few cities ____________________ as good as before. (remain) 西安是仅有的几个城市之一，它的城墙保持得和以前一样完好。 第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分) 假设你是张华，班里从外地转一名同学李明，他一时无法融入新的班集体中，感到很苦恼。 请根据下列要点用英语给他写一封信(120 字左右)： 1.帮他分析原因； 2.给他提出建议； 3.陈述你帮助他的具体打算。 Dear Li Ming, I’m sorry to know that you feel uncomfortable at your new class.
Best regards. Yours truly, Zhang Hua
湖北省部分重点中学 2013-2014 学年度上学期高一期末考试 英 语 答 案 多项选择 21~30 ABCAD BCADD 完形填空 31~40 CADAB DCABC 41~50 ABDDB BADCC 阅读理解 51~54 ACBA 55~58 DBCA 59~62 CDBA 63~66 CDDB 67~69 BCAD 完成句子 71. is being rebuilt 72. that he will recover from 73. Go along/down the/ this road 74. found it/found (that) it was 75. that it was made 76. have been held 77. was he hopeful about / did he become/feel hopeful about 78. in which / where we interviewed 79. when their (supporting) team won 80. whose city walls remain 短文写作 (One possible version) Dear Li Ming, I’m sorry to know that you feel uncomfortable in your new class. One of the reasons, I think, is that you might be too shy to talk confidently with your classmates. Maybe you are afraid that your classmates will make fun of your accent. Therefore it is natural for you to feel lonely occasionally. I believe, with your effort, that you can manage to overcome these difficulties. To start with, you can talk with people around you, and be brave to ask them questions that you don’t know. Besides, comparing notes with your classmates frequently is a good way for you to make new friends. In our spare time, I’ll invite you to play basketball or go to some parties. Also, I’d like to introduce my good friends to you. I hope you can adapt to the new school life as soon as possible. Best regards. Yours truly, Zhang Hua