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Unit3《Travel journal》Period One精品学案(新人教版必修1)


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英语:Unit3《Travel journal》Period One 精品学案 (新人教版必修 1) Period One
拓展归纳 prefer+n./doing sth.to+n./doing sth.宁愿??,不愿?? prefer sb.to do sth.宁愿某人做某事

prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.宁可??,不愿?? show/have a preference for 偏爱?? have a preference of sth.to/over another 宁要某物而不要另一物 give preference to 给某人优先权 in preference to 优先于?? He prefers reading books to watching TV. 他喜欢读书胜过看电视。 I prefer to stay with my children on holidays. 我喜欢假日里和孩子们待在一起。 I prefer to walk there rather than ride on a crowded bus. 我宁愿走着去那里也不愿乘坐拥挤的公共汽车。 I should prefer you not to stay there too long. 我倒宁愿你别在那里待得太久。 翻译句子 (1)我喜欢看电视而不喜欢出去。(用两种方式翻译) I_prefer_to_watch_TV_rather_than_go_out. I_prefer_watching_TV_to_going_out. (2)我倒希望你马上就走。(用两种方式翻译) I_prefer_you_to_go_at_once._ I_prefer_that_you_should_go_at_once. (3)布朗先生比较喜欢把业余时间用来读点书。 Mr.Brown_preferred_spending/to_spend_(spend)_his_spare_time_doing_some_reading. (4)我宁愿门开着。 I_prefer_the_door_open. 2 Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. (P18)

Warming Up,Pre-reading and Reading

1 Which kind of transport do you prefer to use

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用法点拨

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ever since 或 since 可作连词或介词,意为“自??以后;自从??”,常与现在完成时 或现在完成进行时连用,类似的时间状语还有 so far,up till now,by now,recently,lately, since last month/year,in/for the past+一段时间,since...ago 等。 Since 1990,I have been living in Shanghai. 自 1990 年至今,我一直都住在上海。 Since we met last time,I haven’t heard from her. 自上次见面至今,我一直都没有她的音讯。 I have made great progress so far. 到目前为止,我已经取得了很大的进步。 完成句子 (1)从我上次见到她到现在已有很多年了。 It_has_been_years_since I saw her last time. (2)星期二以来她一直没上班。 She’s been off work since_Tuesday. (3)自 1980 年以来,他就没有回过家。 He_has_not_been_home since 1980. (4)他们 1982 年去了加拿大,从此以后没有回过家乡。 They went to Canada in 1982 and haven’t_come_back to their hometown ever_since. 考题例证 The book was written in 1946,________ the education system has witnessed great changes.(山东高考) A.when 答案 D 解析 态。 3 …and then she persuaded me to buy 拓展归纳
? ?说服某人做某事 persuade sb.into doing sth.?

B.during which

C.since then

D.since when

since when=since 1946,此处用 since 来连接两个句子,其主句要用现在完成时

persuade sb.to do sth.

persuade sb.not to do sth.

? ?说服某人不做某事 persuade sb.out of (doing) sth.?

persuade sb.of sth.使某人相信某事 persuade sb.that 使某人信服 They persuaded him to go along with them.
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他们说服他和他们一起去。

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We tried to persuade him out of his foolish plan. 我们尽力说服他放弃那个愚蠢的计划。 He tried to persuade us of his honesty. 他竭力让我们相信他的诚实。 Will you persuade him that he has made the wrong decision? 你能使他信服他的决定是错误的吗?

persuade,advise (1)persuade 强调说服,劝服的结果。 如果“劝说”不成功,不能直接用 persuade,而应用 try to persuade 或 advise,或者用 persuade 的否定式。 Jack tried to persuade Tom to go with him,but failed at last. 杰克试图说服汤姆同他一块儿去,但最终失败了。 (2)advise sb.to do sth.建议或劝说某人去做某事,强调提出建议但对方不一定接受。 He advised me to go with him,but I wouldn’t. 他建议我跟他一块去,但我不愿意。 用 persuade,advise 的正确形式填空 (1)She finally persuaded her husband to give up smoking. (2)I tried to persuade him to change his mind,but he wasn’t willing to do so. (3)The doctor advised me to have a holiday,but I was too busy. (4)Though she had different ideas about the proposal,we persuaded her to accept it. 考题例证 There is nothing more I can try________you to stay, I wish you good luck.(上海高考) so A.being persuaded C.to be persuaded 答案 D 解析 try to persuade...尽力去说服??。“I can try ______ you to stay”为定语从句, B.persuading D.to persuade

省略了作 try 宾语的关系代词 that。 4 ...my sister doesn’t care about details.(P18) 拓展归纳 care for 关怀;照顾;喜欢;对??有兴趣 care to do sth.愿意做??;想要做?? take care 注意,当心
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take care of 照顾;负责 with care 当心;仔细地 完成句子 (1)我不喜欢咖啡。 I don’t care_for_coffee.

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(2)她昨天待在家里,照顾她有病的妈妈。 She stayed at home yesterday and took_care_of her sick mother. (3)你应该小心地拿着这个杯子。 You should hold the cup with_care. (4)你愿意来参加聚会吗? Would you care_to_come to the party? 5 She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she would not change her mind.(P18) 拓展归纳 determine to do determine+从句 determine+疑问词+to do determine sb.to do 使某人下决心做?? be determined to do 决心做 No matter what happens,she has determined to tell the truth. 无论发生什么事,她都已经决定把真相说出来。 We must determine what to do next. 我们必须决定下一步的行动。 She determined that she would never see him again. 她决心再也不要见他。 What determined her to marry him? 是什么使她下定决心嫁给他? 完成句子 (1)我们能定下这次派对的日期吗? Can we determine_the_date for the party? (2)他的未来还不确定,但他可能学医。 His future has_not_been_determined yet,but he may study medicine. (3)他决心在学习上超越其他的人。 He determined_to_get ahead of the others in studies. (4)是什么使你决定放弃那个计划?
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What determined_you_to_give_up the plan? (5)我们决心将所有的事情在周五前完成。 We are_determined_to_get all the things done before Friday. 6 Finally,I had to give in.(P18) 拓展归纳 give in to sb.向某人让步,屈服于某人 give in(=hand in=turn in)提出,递交 give away 不小心透露;赠送,免费给予 give back 归还;恢复 give off (=give out)放出,散发(光,热,烟,气味等) give out vt.分配,分发;vi.(食物,燃料,电力等)用光;精疲力竭 give over 交付,托付 give up 放弃;认输 The mother gave in and bought a toy for her child. 拗不过孩子,母亲给孩子买了玩具。 He had to give in to my views. 他只好顺从了我的意见。 It’s time you gave in your papers. 到交论文的时候了。 单项填空 (1)My father is used to smoking and drinking.And there is no chance ________ I am able to persuade him to________. A.which;stop them C.that;give up them 答案 B (2)Once you ________ into the habit of smoking,it is hard for you to ________. A.fall;get out of C.form;give it up 答案 D (3)Mother kept inviting Mr. Smith to dinner,and finally he ________. A.gave in C.gave out 答案 A 7 Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it.(P18)
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B.that;give them up D.whether;get rid of them

B.get;give up it D.get;give it up

B.gave up D.gave off

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拓展归纳 change one’s mind 改变主意

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make up one’s mind(mind 有复数形式)某人下定决心 have no/a mind to do 无/有意做,心里(不)想做 read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 be in/of two minds 拿不定主意 be of the same mind 意见一致 give one’s mind to 注意?? keep one’s mind on 专心于?? take one’s/sb.’s mind off sth.转移自己/某人的注意力 So many men,so many minds.各人有各人的想法。 Maybe you’ll think it over and change your mind. 也许你愿意好好想想并改变主意。 We have made up our minds to keep out of their quarrel. 我们已经下决心不理会他们之间的争吵了。 完成句子 (1)如果你现在不走的话,我将会改变主意。 If you don’t go now,I will change_my_mind. (2)他已下决心辞职,而且就那么定了。 He has made_up_his_mind to resign,and that’s final. (3)这是个好主意,我要记在心里。 It’s a good idea.I’ll keep_it_in_mind. (4)你应该记住, 这些考试会影响到你的最后成绩。 You__should_bear_in_mind that these exams affect your final result. 8 It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle ? along ? the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.首先想到沿着整条湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅行的是我姐姐

用法点拨 此句是一个强调句型,其结构为“It is (was)+被强调部分+that(who)+其他...”。根 据上下文和语义,说话人可以通过强调句分别强调主语、宾语或状语,使之成为信息中心。 如果被强调部分是“人”,则用 who 或 that;如果被强调部分是其他成分与内容,则只能用 that。 I met Smith in the park yesterday.

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我昨天在公园遇见了史密斯。

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It was I who/that met Smith in the park yesterday. (强调主语) It was Smith who/that I met in the park yesterday. (强调宾语) It was in the park that I met Smith yesterday. (强调地点状语,不用 where) It was yesterday that I met Smith in the park. (强调时间状语,不用 when) 句型转换 All the members held a meeting in the club yesterday. 昨天所有会员们在俱乐部举行了一次会议。 (1)(强调主语 all the members)It_was_all_the_members_that/who_held_a_meeting_in_the _club_yesterday.(was_不可换用 were)_ (2)(强调宾语 a meeting)It_was_a_meeting_that_all_the_members_held_in_the_club_ yesterday. (3)(强调地点状语 in the club)It_was_in_the_club_that_all_the_members_held_a_meeting _yesterday.(that 不可换用 where) (4)(强调时间状语 yesterday)It_was_yesterday_that_all_the_members_held_a_meeting _in_the_club.(that 不可换用 when) 考题例证 It is not who is right but what is right________is of importance.(重庆高考) A.which 答案 C 解析 本句为 It is...that...强调句型。 9 When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it B.it C.that D.this

would be an interesting experience.当我告诉她那里将难以呼吸而且会很冷,她说这将是一次 有趣的体验。 用法点拨 the air would be hard to breathe 是“主语+be+adj.+不 定式结构”,其中 the air 是 breathe 的逻辑宾语。 不定式和主语之间是动宾关系,要求使用及物动词的主动形式,因此 不及物动词要加相应的介词。 English is difficult to learn well in a short time. 英语难以在短时间内学好。 The problem is really hard to work out.
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这道题很难算出来。 完成句子 (1)我的上司很容易相处。 My boss is easy to_get_along_with. (2)文章太长看不懂。

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The article is too long to_understand. (3)一个很难被取悦的人一定很难与之共事。 A man so difficult to please must be hard to_work_with. (4)这个箱子好像提起来很重。 The box seemed heavy_to_carry. 10 Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places,she insisted that she organize the trip properly.虽然她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得 尽善尽美。 用法点拨 insist 表示“坚持要求, 坚决主张”时, 所跟的宾语从句使用虚拟语气, 主语+(should) 即: do;表示“坚持一种说法、看法或事实”时,宾语从句使用陈述语气及相应的时态。 insist on/upon doing 坚持做 insist on/upon one’s doing 坚持要某人做 insist that 坚持认为;坚持说 He insisted on giving me a second help. 他坚持再给我一次帮助。 We insist that you accept these gifts. 我们坚决要求你收下这些礼物。 用所给词的恰当形式填空 (1)She insisted that he was (be) wrong. (2)He insists that she (should)be (be)invited to our party. (3)He insisted on doing (do)the experiment himself although he got the flu. 11 When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be excited about it.当我告诉她我们的旅行将从 5 000 多米的高地出发时,她似 乎显得很兴奋 用法点拨 seem 作动词,意为“似乎;好像”。主要句型有: (1)“seem+n./adj./不定式”结构。 He seemed an honest man.他似乎是个诚实的人。 She seemed lonely.她似乎(很)孤独。
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(2)“seem like+n./v.ing”意为“看起来像??”。 It seems like years since I last saw you. 自从我上次见到你以来,好像是过了好几年了。 (3)“There seems to be...”意为“似乎有;好像有??”。 There seems to be something wrong with it.I can’t possibly use it.它好像出了故障, 我可能 无法使用它了。 (4)“It seems/seemed+that 从句”意为“看起来??;好像??”。 It seemed that nobody knew anything about the matter. 看来没有人知道这件事。 (5)“It seems/seemed+as if/though+从句”意为“看来好像??”。 It seems as though Ken will win the race.看上去肯要跑第一了。 翻译句子 (1)他看起来很高兴。 He_seems_to_be_quite_happy. (2)我好像以前见过她。 It_seems_that_I_have_seen_her_before. (3)当时这主意好像不错。 It_seemed_like_a_good_idea_at_that_time. (4)天好像要下雨。 It_seems_as_if_it_is_going_to_rain. (5)看来没有必要现在去。 There_seems_to_be_no_need_to_go_now. 译文

沿湄公河而下的旅程 第一部分 梦想与计划

我的名字叫王坤。从高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次伟大的自行车旅行。两 年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地自行车,然后还说服我买了一辆(山地车)。去年,她去看望了 我们的表兄弟——在昆明读大学的刀卫和宇航。 他们是傣族人, 在云南省西部靠近澜沧江的 地方长大,湄公河在中国境内的这一段叫澜沧江,在其他国家(境内)叫湄公河。很快,王薇 使表兄弟也对骑车旅游也产生了兴趣。大学毕业以后,我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅行。我 问我姐姐:“我们要去哪儿?”首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。 现在她正在为我们的旅行制定计划。 我很喜欢我姐姐,但是她有一个很严重的缺点。她有时确实很固执。尽管她对去某些地
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方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。于是,我就知道这个 尽善尽美的方式总是她的方式。 我不停地问她, “我们什么时候出发?什么时候回来?”我 还问她是否看过地图。 当然她并没有看过——我的姐姐是不会考虑细节的。 于是, 我告诉她, 湄公河的源头在青海省。她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。 我说,我们的旅行将从 5 000 多米的高地出发,这时她似乎显得很兴奋。当我告诉她那里空 气稀薄, 呼吸困难, 而且天气很冷时, 她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。 我非常了解我的姐姐, 她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。最后,我只好让步了。 在我们旅行前的几个月,王薇和我去了图书馆。我们找到一本大型地图册,里面有一些 世界地理的明细图。我们从图上可以看到,湄公河发源于西藏一座山上的冰川。起初,江面 很小, 河水清澈而冷冽。 然后它开始快速流动。 它穿过深谷时就变成了急流, 流经云南西部。 有时,这条江形成瀑布,进入宽阔的峡谷。我们俩惊奇地发现这条河有一半是在中国境内。 当流出中国,流出高地之后,湄公河就变宽了,变暖了,河水也变成了黄褐色。而当它进入 东南亚以后,流速减缓,河水蜿蜒缓慢地穿过低谷,流向生长稻谷的平原。最后,湄公河三 角洲的各支流流入中国南海。

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