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广东英语高考基础写作--地点描写


Basic writing

How to describing a place?

When you want to describe a place, what aspects will you write about?

1Location(位置) 2Area(面积) 3Surroundings(周边环境) 4

population(人口) 5History(历史) 6Places of interest(名胜) 7something special(特色)

8.climate(气候)

? ? ? ? ?

1.Location (位置): 1) lies, 2) stands, 3) is located / situated in, 4) stretches itself lazily along

? ? ? ? ?

2.Area (面积): 1) covers, 2) take up, 3) has / with an area of, 4) the size of our city is …

1. Tiananmen Square, with / covering an area of…, is the largest square in the world. 2. Our school , which takes up 63 thousand square kilometers, is very large in size.

? 3.Surroundings (周边环境)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1) stands, 2) surrounded by, 3) faces… 4)with…on its east/west/left/right 5))at the back of在……的后面 6)in front of在……的前面 7)in the north of在……的北部(内部) 8)on the south of在……的南方(接壤) 9)to the east of在……的东面(相离)

? ? ? ? ?

1. West of the city stands a tall building. 2. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, the small village faces a clear river on the east.

? ? ? ? ?

4.Population (人口): 1) has / with a population of, 2) the population of … is…, 3) eighty percent of the population … are …

? ?

Eighty percent of the population here are farmers.

? 5.History (历史) ? 1) … has / with a (long )history of … ? 2) … has witnessed too much ? coming and going in history

? 1. Egypt is an Arabian country with ? a long history. ? 2. Built in the16th century, the ? castle has witnessed too much ? coming and going in history

? 6.Places of interest (名胜) 1)The places around our city are rich in natural resources. 2)The city, known as…, attracts millions of visitors from all over the world. 3)The city is well-known / famous for its…/as… 4)The city is home to … 5) … is a must-see for tourists, as…

? 7.气候特征: ? 1.There is a variety of climate ( warm, dry, humid, cold, sunny, stomy, rainy…)
? 2.The average temperature of Hong Kong is about 220C . The rainy season is between May and July.

? 8.something special 特色

1)(The place) is famous for…../ The special character of ( the place) is ….
2)You can go on the city tours to enjoy the sights, taste the local food, explore the lively nightlife and learn about its history and culture. 3) Wherever you go, there are plenty of activities to choose from.

?练习:请根据以下的情景说明,使用5个规 范的英语句子描述全部所给的信息。 汕尾市位于广东省东部,是一个有很长历 史的沿海城市。总面积5271平方千米,总 人口359.23万人。东临汕头,西接惠州市、 深圳、东莞市、广州市,素有“粤东桥梁” 之称。汕尾自然资源如矿产、森林、农产 品等非常丰富,气候宜人,冬不寒冷,夏 不酷热。汕尾市著名的旅游胜地如凤山祖 庙Fengshan Temple旅游景区红海湾旅游 景区等,每年都吸引大量游客。

Ⅰ.

Let’s make preparations.

Useful expressions
? 1) lies/ stands,/is located / situated in/stretches itself lazily along ? 2) coastal city ? covers, take up, has / with an area of,

? with/has a population of
? ? ? ? eastern Guangdong Climate natural resources farm produce Fengshan Temple, Red Bay

第一步,提取信息:

注意句子内容的完整性(Completeness)

Translate the following sentences:
? ? ? ? ? 1.汕尾位于广东东部。 2.汕尾是一个有很长历史的沿海城市 。 3.汕尾总面积5271平方千米。 4.汕尾总人口360万人。 5.汕尾东临汕头,西接惠州市、深圳、东莞市、 广州市 6.素有“粤东桥梁”之称 7.汕尾气候宜人,冬不寒冷,夏不酷热。 8.汕尾自然资源如矿产、森林、农产品等非常丰 富。 9.汕尾市著名的旅游胜地如凤山祖庙Fengshan Temple旅游景区红海湾旅游景区等,每年都吸 引大量游客。


? ? ?
?
?

Ⅱ.

Let’s translate ten simple . sentences!

?
? ?

?
?

1.Shanwei is located/situated/lies in the east of Guangdong province. 2.It is a coastal city with a long history. 3.It takes up/ covers an area of 5271 square kilometers. 4.It has a population of about 3600 thousand. 5.with Shantou on its east and Huizhou ,Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou on its west.

? 6.it is called the “bridge of eastern Guangdong ” ? 7. The climate here is pleasant, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter ? 8.It is rich in natural resources, such as mine, forest, farm produce and so on. ? 9.Every year, the famous places of interest such as Fengshan Temple, Red Bay attracts many tourists from different places for its beautiful scenery.

Ⅲ.Analysis and Finding (分析与探究)
How to combine sentences?

连句成章
句子结构的正确性(correctness) 句子结构的复杂性(Variety) 句子内容的连贯性(Coherence)

Group Discussion
How to write complex sentences?

Organize the sentences :
How to write complex sentences?
尽量用分词短语、同位语结构,with结构等,使文章简 洁,通顺

1.汕尾位于广东东部,是一个有很长历史的沿海 城市。 1) Located in the east of Guangdong province,
Shanwei is a coastal city with a long history. 2)Shanwei, a coastal city in the east of Guangdong, has a long history .

巧用介词短语和with结构

2.汕尾总面积5271平方千米,总人口360万人。

? It covers a total area of 5271 square kilometers with a population of about 240 thousand.

How to write complex sentences?

3.汕尾东临汕头,西接惠州市、深圳、东莞市、广州市,素
有“粤东桥梁”之称。

With Shantou on its east and Huizhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou on its west , Shanwei is also called the “bridge of eastern Guangdong”.

How to write complex sentences?
巧用连词,如and,用好并列句

? 4.汕尾气候宜人,冬不寒冷,夏不酷热,自然资 源如矿产、森林、农产品等非常丰富。

The climate here is pleasant, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter and it is rich in natural resources, such as mine, forest, farm produce and so on.

How to write complex sentences?
尽量用复合句,倒装,状语从句,there be句型等。

5.汕尾市著名的旅游胜地如凤山祖庙 Fengshan Temple旅游景区红海湾旅游景区 等,每年都吸引大量游客。 There are many famous places of interest, among which is the Fengshan Temple, Red Bay whose scenery is very beautiful, attracts lots of tourists from different places every year.

? Exchange your composition with your desk mate and help each other to improve your writing.

Don’t forget your homework:

Improve your writing in your composition book.

Located in the east of Guangdong province, Shanwei is a coastal city with a long history. It covers a total area of 5271 square kilometers with a population of about 240 thousand. With Shantou on its east and Huizhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou on its west , Shanwei is also called the “bridge of eastern Guangdong”.

? The climate here is pleasant, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter and it is rich in natural resources, such as mine, forest, farm produce and so on. There are many famous places of interest, among which is the Fengshan Temple, Red Bay whose scenery is very beautiful, attracts lots of tourists from different places every year.

Conclusion
? 课型:写作课 ? 教学目标:通过这节的讲授,让学生掌握如何 用英语描写地点. ? 重点:讲授描写地点的常用词汇及句型. ? 难点:灵活运用所学词汇及句型写一篇短文. ? 教学方法: 归纳演绎法

写作内容: 澳大利亚位于最小的大洲—大 洋洲,是世界第六大国家。它 是一个干旱气候为主的国家, 只有少部分沿海地区有充足的 雨量。它由六个州组成,其中 墨尔本和悉尼是最大的两个城 市。它以明媚的阳光,数不清 的牛羊和奇特的野生动植物而 著名,世界各地的游客来到这 里体验它独特的美景。 总面积:7,686,850km2 人口:约:2,000万

Homework
[写作要求] 1.只能使用5个句子表达 全部的内容。 2.介绍必须包括所有内容 要点,但不要逐条译成 英语。 3.要有标题。

Australia Located in the smallest continent—Oceania, Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. It covers a total area of7,686,850square kilometers with a population of about 20 million. It is a mainly dry country and only a few coastal areas have plenty of rainfall. What’s more , It is made up of 6 states, in which Melbourne and Sydney are the largest cities. Because it is famous for its bright sunshine, countless sheep and cattle and its unique wildlife, the tourists from all over the world come to enjoy its scenery.


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