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That用法总结


That用法总结

? That在英语中是一个使用频率很高的词。它

可用作代词、连词、关系代词等,有时可以 省略。但在以下几种情况下that不可省略, 使用时尤其需注意。 一、that用作指示代词,指上文提到的 人或事物(单数名词),且需一个后置定语来 修饰,此时that不可省 Their cotton output of 1997 was double than that of1 987. Mary’s handwriting is far better than that of Peter .

? 二、that用作副词。

1. that用作普通副词。 I was that/so angry I could have hit him.

? 三、that用作连词,

? 1。在so...that, such。。。that, in order

that等引导的状语从句中,that不可省。
?

They started so early that they might arrive in time. It is such a heavy box that nobody can move it. He worked hard in order that he might catch up with the others.

? 引导条件状语从句。意为“假使、假设”。
? Supposing that you were in my position,

what would you do? On condition that you were lost in the desert, you should ask for help as soon as possible

? . now that,意为“既然、由于”。
? Now that they have taken matters into

their hands, the pace of events has quickened.

? 2、that用作连词,引导主语从句时,当它放在

主句谓语动词之前时,that不可省。 That he came late made his teacher angry. That she was chosen made us very happy. 如用it作形式主语,把从句置于谓语动词 之后时,that可以省略。例如: It is a pity (that) he has made such a mistake. It is obvious (that) he is right.

? 3、that用作连词,引导表语从句和同位语

从句时,that不可省。 The news that our team has won the match is true. My idea is that we should get more comrades to do the work.

? 4、that用作连词,引导宾语从句时,如主句的

谓语动词是及物动词make, find, see等时,且 后有宾语补足语时,that引导的从句可置于宾语 补足语之后,用it作形式宾语,此时that不可省。 We find it necessary that he will succeed. He made it clear that he was not interested in this subject.

? 三、that用作关系代词,引导定语从句时,

当它作为从句的主语时,that不可省。 All that have to do is to practise every day. That’s the same man that asked me for money yesterday. 但如that作从句的宾语时,that可省略。 The letter (that) I received was from my father.

? 四、在强调句型 It is was...that结构中,

that不可省。 It is English that Professor Li teaches us. It was in Shanghai that I saw the film.

? 《英华大词典》(P1439)认为,that可用作关

系副词。在表明方式、时间或地点的单词后 面,常用that来代替in which,when或where, that也可省去。 ? 一、表示方式时,that (=in + which)常省去。 此时不能用how引导定语从句,但可以把the way去掉之后,直接用how引导。 ? 如:I don’t like the way (in which/that/省 略) these parents treat their children我不 喜欢这些家长对待孩子的方式。
? I don’t like (the way) how these parents

treat their children. 我不喜欢这些家长对待 孩子的方式。

? 二、表示地点时,that (=where=介词+which)

也可省掉。 ? 如: ? Do you know anywhere (that ) I can put up for the night? ? This is the place (that=where=at which) he works

? 三、表示时间时,that (=when=介词+which)

也可省掉。
? 如:This is the last time that I shall give

you a lesson. ? We left the day (that/when) he arrived. 我 们在他来的那天走的。

? 四、另外,关系副词that有时还可用来代替

关系副词why,表示原因。 ? The reason that (=why) he lost his life was lack of medical care.
? 在下面这个句子中,不能用why, 只能用

which/that: ? I don’t want to hear any reason( that/which) you might give. 我 不想听你所提出的任何理由。

? 五、the same…as…与the same…that…,
? ? ?

?
?

such…as…与such…that… 1、the same…as…引导的定语从句往往侧重方 式,“如同……一样的”, the same…that…引导的定语从句往往侧重同 一对象或人。 如:I bought the same dictionary as you borrowed. 我买了一本和你借的词典一样的词典。 I met the same person that I saw yesterday. 我遇见了昨天我看见的同一个人。 在表示方式时必须用the same…as…。如: You should watch carefully and do the same thing as I do.

? such…as…引导定语从句,such…that…引

导结果状语从句。 ? 如:They had such a fierce dog that no one dare to go near their house. 他们家有 一条凶狗,没人敢靠近他家。 (that在句中 不做成分)
? They had such a fierce dog as I had

never seen. 他们家有一条我从未见过的凶 狗。(as在句中作seen的宾语)


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