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译林牛津版必修一Unit3 Period three同步课时作业含解析

Period Three

Word power & Grammar and usage

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.We waited for them to give us the ________(信号) to move. 2.It is a ________(普遍的) tendency for the Middle School s

tudents to take a mobile with them. 3.Wang Lei was made ________(队长) of our football team. 4.An ________(飞机) in American English is often replaced by an aeroplane in British English. 5.He paid no attention to my w________. 6.My aunt wanted to be an a________ starring in Hollywood films. 7.Ten shop a________ are needed in this supermarket. 8.A s________ in heart disease was invited from Beijing to operate on her. Ⅱ.选词填空 work out,dream of/about,work as,get in touch,at full speed,a great deal of,set foot in,ever since 1.The car turned the corner ____________________. 2.It must be a hard life,________________ a nurse in the far north. 3.He has ____________________________ work to do. 4.I tried to ________________________ with my old friend after I came back. 5 . They were surprised to see the different world when captain Cook and his men ____________________ Australia. 6.Paul started sailing in 1986 and he’s been doing it ________________. 7.They had the kind of house we could only ________________. 8.If it doesn’t ________________,you can always come back here. Ⅲ.同义词辨析 1.用 base/basis 填空 (1)The most difficult problem that confronts an industrial ________ is how to avoid the danger of environmental pollution. (2)The main ________ of this drink is orange juice. (3)What’s the ________ for your opinion? 2.用 signal/sign/mark/symbol 的适当形式填空 (1)They had ignored the ________ of the approaching earthquake. (2)The sauce has left a ________ on his shirt. (3)At an agreed ________ they left the room. (4)“Fe” is the ________ for iron. (5)There is no ________ of life in outer space. 3.用 add/add to/add...to.../add up/add up to 的适当形式填空 (1)Your carelessness ______________ our difficulty. (2)The money he spent ________________________ no more than £1,000. (3)Every time I ________________ these figures I got a different answer. (4)I’d like tea with sugar ________________. (5)“And I quite agree,” he ________. 4.用 no more (...) than/not more (...) than 填空 (1)I got as much as pay,if __________________ you. (2)I could do it ________________________ you.You’d better ask Jim.He is good at it. (3)The whale is ________________ a fish ________ the dog is. Ⅳ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1.She said she ________________(see) the film before.

2.The teacher,with 6 girls and 8 boys of her class,________________(visit) a museum when the earthquake struck. 3.When I got back to the shop,my bag ________________________(take) away by someone else. 4.No sooner ________ I ________(go) out than he came to see me. 5.—Why haven’t you asked her to come here? —She ________________(do) an important experiment when I found her and she ________________(not finish) it. 6 . The classroom ________________________(clean) before we ________(get) there yesterday. 7.When we got to the station,the train ________ already ________(leave). 8.The book ________________________(finish) by the end of last month. Ⅴ.单项填空 1.Few people in this village________the earthquake. A.survived B.survives from C.survived from D.has survived 2.She is________a teacher and she is a singer as well. A.no more than B.not more than C.less than D.more than 3.His mother________a farmer. A.works as B.serves as C.acts as D.regards as 4.—Why haven’t you bought any butter? —I________to but I forgot about it. A.liked B.wished C.meant D.expected 5.When the accident happened,the speed was 120km/h________the car was driving. A.on which B.at which C.in which D.for which 6.—Let’s hurry.The performance will begin soon. —Oh,yes,but I________afraid that it________. A.was;already began B.was;had already begun C.am;already began D.am;has already begun 7.You know,it was the most expensive room we________. A.would live in B.lived in C.had ever lived in D.have ever lived in 8.The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous.She________before. A.hasn’t flown B.didn’t fly C.hadn’t flown D.wasn’t flying 9.I arrived late;I________the road to be so icy. A.wouldn’t expect B.haven’t expected C.hadn’t expected D.wasn’t expecting 10.We________our breakfast when an old man came to the door. A.just have had B.have just had C.just had D.had just had 11.—Why didn’t you go to see the play? —________the whole story,I decided not to see it. A.Being told B.Because I had been told C.Telling D.Having told 12.—Peter,where did you guys go for the summer vacation? —We________busy with our work for months,so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. A.were B.have been

C.had been D.will be 13.—Were you surprised by the ending of the film? —No.I________the book,so I already knew the story. A.was reading B.had read C.am reading D.have read 14.It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they________for me. A.had done B.did C.would do D.were doing 15.I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone________it.Was it you? A.has done B.had done C.would do D.will do Ⅵ.完形填空 Now , Liu Xiang has become a famous figure.He__1__a new 110m hurdles world record__2__a time of 12.88 seconds at a super Grand Prix (大奖赛) meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland. Olympic champion Liu had jointly ( 共同地 )__3__the previous world record of 12.91 seconds with Britain’s Colin Jackson.He equaled the mark Jackson set in 1993 on his way to__4__ China’s first male Olympic track gold medallist in 2004. “I feel__5__.I can’t believe it.__6__ is a dream,”Liu told reporters.“I have a__7__future and I want to get better__8__,”added Liu,who celebrated his 23rd birthday on July 13. “I never thought I could__9__the world record.I’m feeling very__10__,but very happy and very excited. Switzerland is my__11__place.I love Switzerland and Lausanne and the fans here,”Liu said. Liu had his first victory at a Grand Prix meeting in Lausanne in 2002 and broke Renaldo Nehemiah’s world junior record that had stood__12__1978 on the track. “I held the__13__best of 12.91 seconds for 13 years,but I believe Liu will hold the new record for__14__30 years, ”said Britain’s Colin Jackson, who set the previous mark in Stuttgart, Germany on August 20,1993. “Liu’s advantage__15__the pace,which is extremely__16__for a hurdler.I’m very excited about the new world record.”said Jackson. “He (Liu) is a great star!He__17__concentrated on what he aimed at.__18__,he can run really fast under the hot weather of the game,”Jackson added.“Actually, I never__19__12.88 seconds before,but I guess Liu made it after getting more__20__.” 1.A.made B.set C.took D.got 2.A.with B.about C.at D.in 3.A.held B.grasped C.caught D.handed 4.A.become B.turn C.becoming D.turned 5.A.perfectly B.comfortably C.perfect D.well 6.A.Everything B.Anything C.Nothing D.Something 7.A.long B.bright C.successful D.short 8.A.one by one B.by and by C.step by step D.one after another 9.A.break B.destroy C.interrupt D.disturb 10.A.tiring B.glad

C.tired D.upset 11.A.lucky B.beautiful C.best D.missing 12.A.until B.to C.since D.in 13.A.last B.first C.before D.previous 14.A.only B.no more than C.at least D.at most 15.A.depends on B.is depended on C.bases on D.is based at 16.A.great B.impossible C.important D.wonderful 17.A.sometimes B.often C.ever D.always 18.A.To my surprise B.In my surprise C.At my surprise D.For my surprise 19.A.thought about B.thought over C.thought of D.thought back 20.A.experience B.advice C.suggestions D.experiences

1.过去完成时常用于 no sooner...than...和 hardly(scarcely)...when(before)等句型中,从 句常用一般过去时。 (1)He had hardly got on the train when the train started out. 他一登上火车,火车就开了。 (2)No sooner had he shut his eyes than he got a hard push in his side. 他刚闭上眼,就被人狠狠地推了一下。 2.在“This(It) was the first(second,third...) time that...”句型中,that 从句要用过去完成 时。 (1)It was the second time that she had been out with him alone. 这是她第二次单独跟他外出。 (2)This was the first time that I had gone abroad. 这是我第一次出国。

Ⅰ.1.signal 2.widespread 3.captain 4.airplane 5.warnings 6.actress 7.assistants 8.specialist Ⅱ.1.at full speed 2.working as 3.a great deal of 4.get in touch 5.set foot in 6.ever since 7.dream of/about 8.work out Ⅲ.1.(1)base (2)basis (3)basis 解析 (1)base 多用于指有形的或物体的具体“基础”“根基”,尤其是军事或工业方 面的基地。 (2)basis 多用于比喻中,指无形的或抽象的“基础”“根基”。 2.(1)signals (2)mark (3)signal (4)symbol (5)sign 解析 signal 表示“信号,暗号;征兆”;sign 表示“迹象;招牌;记号”;mark 表示

“标记符号;分数;污渍”;symbol 表示“象征;标志;代表”。 3.(1)added to (2)added up to (3)added up (4)added to (5)added 解析 add vt.加;补充说;add to 增加,增添;add...to...把??加到??上;add up 加 起来;add up to 总计。 4.(1)not more than (2)no more than (3)no more;than 解析 (1)no more...than...表示“??和??一样不??”(两者都否定); not more...than... 表示“不如??;没有到??的程度(前者不如后者)”。 (2)“no more than+数词”表示“至多??,仅仅(强调少)”;“not more than+数词” 表示“不多于,不超过(不强调少,不带有感情色彩)”。 Ⅳ.1.had seen 2.was visiting 3.had been taken 4.had ; gone 5.was doing ; hadn’t finished 6.had been cleaned;got 7.had;left 8.had been finished Ⅴ.1.A [句意为:在那次地震后这个村庄里没有几个人幸存下来。此处 survive 为及物 动词,survive sth.从……中幸免,幸存下来。] 2.D [句意为:她不仅是教师,也是歌手。more than 在此处意为“不仅仅,超过”。] 3.A [句意为:她妈妈是一位农民。work as 意为“从事(某种职业)”。serve as 充当;act as 起……作用,担当;regard...as 把……看作。] 4.C [mean 的过去式为 meant,在此处 meant to do sth.意为“原打算去做某事”。] 5.B [定语从句中先行词是 120 km/h,“以??速度行驶”用介词 at...,the car was driving at 120 km/h,故选 at which。] 6.B [yes 和 but 已指明,第一空要用过去时,表示原有的担心;第二空时态顺延,用 过去完成时。] 7.C [主句时态是一般过去时,所以从句也应用过去的某种时态。根据句意表达的是 动作截止到过去某一点,故应用过去完成时态。] 8.C [考查时态的恰当使用。句意为:在飞机上,坐在我旁边的小女孩非常紧张。她 以前没坐过飞机。此句要用过去完成时,表示在坐这架飞机前,即过去的过去,故用过去完 成时。] 9.C [本题考查过去完成时态的用法。“预料”自然在“到达”之前。] 10.D [本题考查过去完成时态的用法。由句意可知“吃饭”在“来”之前,表示“刚吃过 饭,老人就来到了”。] 11.B [本题考查过去完成时态的用法。在我决定不去看之前,已有人给我讲了整个故 事,指“过去的过去”。] 12.C [句意为:——彼得,你们暑假去哪里了?——我们几个月来一直忙于工作,所 以我们就去了海滩放松一下。忙于工作发生在 went 之前,故用过去完成时态。] 13.B [句意为:——你对这部电影的结局惊讶吗?——不,我已经读过这本书,早知 道结局了。从上下文句意看,应用过去完成时。] 14.A [句意为:很久以后我才能够完全领会到他们为我做的一切。 before 本义表示 “在……以前”,在具体语境中可以根据句子意思翻译为“……以后才……”。该句用过去完成 时是因为其动作发生在 was able to fully appreciate 这一过去动作的前面。] 15. B [句意为: 我正要去修剪玫瑰花丛, 但有人已经修剪了, 是你吗?本题考查时态。 由题意可知用过去完成时态。] Ⅵ.1.B [set a record 表示“创纪录”。] 2.A [with 此处表示“以……的时间”。] 3.A [hold the record 表示“保持纪录”。] 4. C [on one’s way to doing sth.表示“在干某事的过程中”, to 为介词。 become 成为; turn 转变为。] 5.C [此处指“感觉自己表现得很完美”,felt 后用形容词作表语。A、B 都是副词;feel well 表示“身体状况好”,不合文意。] 6.A [“一切都如梦一般”。B 项多用于疑问句和否定句;C、D 项不符合句意。] 7.A [“我的未来还很长,我想一步一步地变得更好”。“未来”一般不用 successful 来形 容;bright future 表示“光辉的未来”,不符合此处语境。] 8.C [one by one 一个接一个;by and by 不久,马上;one after another 一个接一个,

相当于 one by one;而 step by step 是“逐渐地,一步一步地”之意。] 9. A [“我从来没有想到我会打破世界纪录”。 break the record 表示“破纪录”之意。 destroy 损坏,毁灭;interrupt 打断;disturb 打扰,扰乱。] 10.C [A 项是“令人劳累的”,不形容人,多指物;B 项 glad 与 happy 重复,故排除; D 项 upset 是“令人心烦的,不安的”,与语境不符;故应用 C 项。] 11. A [由文中可知, 刘翔是在瑞士打破了世界纪录, 故瑞士对他来说应是“幸运之地”。 其余选择项与语境不符。] 12.C [此处指“自 1978 年以来就一直保持的纪录”。] 13. D [此处指“我保持了先前最好的纪录达 13 年”; previous 为先前的; last 上一个的, before 在……之前,以前;first 第一(的);均不符合语境。] 14. C [依据上下文可知, 此处是 Colin Jackson 对刘翔的赞美, 故应用 at least, 表示“至 少 30 年”。A、B 两项同义,都表示“仅仅”,D 项 at most 是“至多”,均不符合此处的语境和 称赞的感情色彩。] 15.A [句意为“刘翔的优势在于速度。”depend 多为不及物动词,故 B 项被动语态不 合语法习惯;base 为及物动词,故多用作 be based on 结构。] 16.C [此处指“速度对于一个跨栏运动员来说是很重要的”。其余选项均不合语境。] 17.D [此处考查 always 表示“总是,一直”时,可以用来表达说话人赞美、谴责、批 评等类似的感情。] 18.A [to one’s surprise 表示“令人惊讶的是”。] 19. C [此处指“我从未想到过会是 12.88 秒”。 think of 考虑某事物的可能性; think about 思考,考虑;think over 慎重地在做出决定前思考某事;think back 反思过去。] 20.A [此处指“得到更多的经验之后成功了”。experiences 表示“经历”,与语境不符; B、C 两项为“建议,忠告”之意,文中未曾涉及到这一项。]

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