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江西省瑞金市2014高考英语 阅读理解和完形填空训练(1)

江西省瑞金市 2014 高考英语阅读理解和完形填空训练(1) (含答案)

A A little under one-third of U.S. families have no Internet access and do not plan to get it, with most of the holdouts seeing little use for it in their lives, according to a survey released on Friday. Park Associates, a Dallas-based technology market research firm, said 29 percent of U.S. families, or 31 million homes, do not have Internet access and do not intend to subscribe(预订)to an Internet service over the next 12 months. The second annual National Technology Scan conducted by Park found that the main reason why potential customers say they do not subscribe to the Internet is because of the low value to their daily lives rather than concerns over cost. Forty-four percent of these families say they are not interested in anything on the Internet, versus just 22 percent who say they cannot afford a computer or the cost of Internet service, the survey showed. The answer “I’m not sure how to use the Internet” came from 17 percent of participants who do not subscribe. The response “I do all my e-commerce shopping and YouTube-watching at work” was cited by 14 percent of Internet-access users. Three percent said the Internet doesn’t reach their homes. The study found U.S. broadband adoption grew to 52 percent over 2006, up from 42 percent in 2005. Roughly half of new subscribers converted (转变) from slower-speed, dial-up Internet access while the other half of families had no prior access. “The industry continues to chip(击破)away at the core of non-subscribers, but has a long way to go,” said John Barrett, director of research at Parks Associates. “Entertainment applications will be the key. If anything will pull in the holdouts, it’s going to be applications that make the Internet more similar to pay-TV,” he predicted. 1. What does the underlined word “holdouts” in the first paragraph most probably mean?


A. some American families B. those who hold out one’s opinions C. those who have been surveyed D. those who still haven’t access to the Internet currently 【答案与解析】D 根据前文 one third of the U.S. families have no Internet access and do not plan to get it 可知 2. Many potential customers refuse to subscribe to the Internet mainly because _________. A. they show too much concern about the cost B. they can find little value of it C. they do most YouTube-watching at work D. the Internet doesn’t reach their homes 【答案与解析】B 由第二段??found the main reason potential customers say they do not subscribe to the Internet is because of the low value to their daily lives they recognize??可知 3. From the passage we can infer that ________. A. It is not an easy job to transform those holdouts into the Internet users B. people will adopt dial-up Internet access no more C. many Americans enjoy doing e-commerce shopping at home D. more than half of the population are using the Internet in 2005 【答案与解析】A 从最后一段第一句可知 4. According to John Barrett, what is the key to attracting more U.S. families to broadband service? A. making the Internet look more similar to TV set B. applying the Internet more to entertainment C. providing more pay-TV programs D. chipping away at the core of non-subscribers 【答案与解析】B 由最后一段“Entertainment applications will be the key”一句可知 5. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Web develops with technology B. The present situation of web

C. Many Americans see little point to web promote web service 【答案与解析】 C







网络服务,而 B 答案太宽泛


完型填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握大意,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Growing trees in the concrete jungle of Los Angels brings neighbors benefits beyond beauty. As the 36 of TreePeople, a nonprofit organization he founded in 1973, Andy, now 54, has inspired hundreds of thousands of volunteers to million trees throughout Southern California. TreePeople 38 tools, blueprints, planting demonstrations, and tree-care supervisors free to all the participants, 39 me. “You will need their support,” Andy said, referring to my neighbors. “ 40 the community behind you, the trees you plant will die in five years.” So I started knocking on doors, hoping to share 41 I’d learnt in TreePeople’s seminar(培训 班) about the critical role of trees in removing smog from the 42 , cooling our homes and preventing water runoff. Strange 43 it may seem, some people are afraid of trees. “The roots destroy 44 will ruin my pipes. And I don’t want 37 plant more than two

sidewalks,” one neighbor said, “ leaves.” 45 told me.

When I called Andy about the 46 I was getting from my neighbors, he encouraged me to keep trying. So my son and my wife delivered cookies while I went door to door. It 47 us half a year to sign permission forms from 16 neighbors for 21 trees. When the big day arrived, I was excited and 48 . What if I threw a planting

tree and 49 else came? But as I set out shovels(铁铲), my son and wife made cakes and doughnuts, 50 started to gather. Friends brought friends. Neighbors came with cousins and grandchildren. A local middle school even 51 with half the seventh grade. More than 300 people joined us. Then Andy led us in a 52 : welcoming each tree into the world and 53 it name.

After the ceremony, as I shook hands with volunteers and my neighbors, I 54 help but feel we’d accomplished trees. 36. A. friend 37. A. bravely 38. A. supports 39. A. including 40. A. For 41. A. what 42. A. cloud 43. A. while 44. A. You 45. A. The other 46. A. resistance 47. A. spent 48. A. moved 49. A. everybody 50. A. volunteers 51. A. made up 52. A. ceremony 53. A. calling 54. A. wouldn’t needn’t 55. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything B. interviewer B. actively B. affords B. considering B. Without B. which B. wind B. if B. I B. Another B. acceptance B. paid B. disappointed B. nobody B. journalists B. took up B. march B. leaving B. shouldn’t C. president C. anxiously C. shows C. containing C. With C. that C. sky C. however C. They C. Other C. agreement C. took C. surprised C. somebody C. friends C. showed up C. activity C. making D. volunteer D. generously D. provides D. reminding D. Except D. how D. air D. as D. It D. Others D. praise D. covered D. nervous D. anybody D. neighbors D. cheered up D. celebration D. giving D. 55 great. After all, trees need people, and people need

C. couldn’t




A Country singer and songwriter Adrienne Young brings together music and agricultural activities.She even included seeds in the album cover of her first CD. Adrienne Young wants people to know that she supports the movement in America to increase local farming.She offers information about agricultural issues on her Web site.And now part of the money from her third and newest release, “Room to Grow”, will be donated to help support community gardens. Adrienne Young’s family has lived in Florida for seven generations.Her ancestors helped develop the agriculture industry there.The state of Florida is the nation’s second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, 'after California. Adrienne Young has said that her interest in nature was shaped by the fact that she did not grow up on a farm.She grew up in a house her grandfather build on what had been farmland two generations ago.But the land was developed and was now part of a highway. Adrienne Young has teamed up with two organizations that support local farming and gardening efforts.One is the American Community Gardening Association.The other is FoodRoutes,a group she has represented for several years. Foo dRoutes says buying locally grown food is not only about taste and freshness.The group says buying locally also helps to strengthen local economies and protect the environment.Exports say food in the United States travels all average of more than three thousand kilometers from farm to store. 56.The aim to write the passage is to _________ . A.tell us a singer aims to grow interest in local farming B.show Adrienne Young promotes her third CD album C.praise Adrienne Young for her contributions to agriculture

D.call on singers to learn from Adrienne Young 57. Adrienne Young supports to increase local farming in _______ ways. A.two B.three C.four D.five

58.It can be learned from the passage that ________ . A.Adrienne Young’s parents used to be farmers B.Adrienne Young grew up on a farm C.Florida is good for farming D.no old houses existing on the farm belongs to Adrienne Young 59. Buying locally grown food has many advantages EXCEPT _________ . A.it is fresh C.it’s environmental protection B.it’s tasty D.it raises local production


56—59 AACD


Air quality in Shanghai worsened last week compared with the previous week, according to the latest report from the Shanghai Environment Monitoring Centre. The average air pollution ind ex (API) for sulphur dioxide (SO2) remain almost unchanged from the previous week, but the APIs for nitrogen oxide (NOx) and total suspended (悬浮) particles (TSP) rose by 35 and 27 percent. The overall quality

still belonged to class 2 category. Nitrogen oxide, caused mainly by vehicle exhaust and burning of cooking gas, was still the major pollutant of the week. The Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Centre operates six automatic air monitors in the city’s Putuo, Yangpu, Luwan, Hongkou, Jing’an and Xuhui districts. API

140 120 100


80 60 40 20 NOX










0-50: excellent 201-300: medium pollution

51-100: good

101-200: slight pollution

301-400: heavy pollution

64. Judging from the chart, on which day was the air quality the worst? A. October 13. 18. 65. Which of the following can be used to describe the air quality of the week? A. GoodB. Seriously polluted. C. Excellent. D. Slightly polluted. B. October 14. C. October 17. D. October

66. Six automatic air monitors are operated in the city except ________. A. Putuo District District 67. In Shanghai, nitrogen oxide mainly comes from ________. A. the burning natural gasB. the burning cooking gas C. the burning coal 64、BA CB ****************************************************结束 D. dust raised by vehicles B. Xuhui District C. Chang’an District D. Hongkou

Three in ten Americans commit" financial infidelity (出轨)by lying to their partners about money, sometimes suffering consequences such as separation or divorce (离婚), according to a new survey.

The Harris Interactive online poll of 2019 adults released on Thursday showed 31 percent of American couples who have combined finances were not truthful about issues such as hiding cash or a bank account or about debt or earnings. "Financial infidelity may be the new normal," said Forbes.com, which performed the survey with the National Endowment (基金会) for Financial Education. One-third of respondents (响应者)also say they have been cheated, and both sexes lie to their partners about money in equal numbers."These unwise behaviors cause great damage, to th e relationship, which is really not worthwhile.We must consider how important a family is to all of us.We must be honest to our partners in everything including money," said Ted Beck, chief executive of the National Endowment for Financial Education. Sixteen percent o f couples affected by financial infidelity said the cheat led to a divorce and 11 percent said it caused a separation.Sixty-seven percent said it led to an argument and for 42 percent it lessened trust in the relationship.What a great damage it is to the family members! The most common lie, at 58 percent, was hiding cash .Fi fty-four percent of respondents admitted hiding a minor purchase, 30 percent hid a bill, 16 percent did not disclose a major purchase and 15 percent hid a bank account. Eleven percent lied about debt and an equal number were untruthful about earnings, the survey showed.It is suggested that all the couples should learn a lesson from this matter. 45.What does Ted Beck think of Americans' committing financial infidelity? A.Rewarding. B.Unlawful. C.Unwise. D.Unfair.

46.What does the fifth paragraph mainly tell us? A.The harm of financial infidelity. B . The meaning of financial infidelity. C.The explanation for financial infidelity. D.The percentage of Americans' committing financial infidelity. 【答案】A 【解析】主旨大意题。本段出现 lead to 和 cause 等这类表示结果的词语。该段的最后一句 以感叹句的形式,在发感慨的同时直接点明了“财务出轨”的危害。 47.What does the underlined word "lessened" mean in the fifth paragraph? A.Raised. B.Dropped. C.Harmed. D.Reduced. 【答案】D 【解析】词义猜测题。本段主要是阐述财务出轨的危害,根据 Sixty-seven percent said it led to an argument (67%的说这导致争吵) ,那么此处应该是“42%的相互信任的程度下降” 。 48.Most Americans lie to their partners about ______. A.hiding cash B.bank account C . debt


D.earnings 【答案】A 【解析】细节理解题。根据倒数第二段的第一句话 The most common lie, at 58 percent, was hiding cash.可知答案。 49.What is the best title of the passage? A.Americans like to lie most B.Three in ten Americans commit financial infidelity C.Americans have the largest percentage of divorce D.Americans like to hide their partners' cash 【答案】B 【解析】 标题判断题。此题实为考查文章的主旨大意,文章开篇点题:Three in ten Americans commit" financial infidelity。 *********************************************************结束


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