第一部分阅读理解（共两节, 满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中, 选出最佳选 项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A One of the latest trends in American childcare is Chinese au pair
s. Au Pair in Stamford， Conn， for example， has got increasing numbers of requests for Chinese au pairs from zero to around 4，000 since 2004.And that's true all across the country. “I thought it would be very useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age，” Joseph Stocke，the managing director of a company，says of his 2?year?old son.“I would at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future.” After only six months of being cared for by a 25yearold woman from China，the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions，his dad says. Li Drake，a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband，had another reason for looking for an au pair from China：She didn't want her children to miss out on their roots. “Because I am Chinese，my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to the language and culture.” she says. “Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom， ” says Suzanne Flynn， a professor in language education of Children.“But parents must understand that just one year with an au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.” The popularity of au pairs from China has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 1．What does that term “au pair” in the text mean? A．A mother raising her children on her own. B．A child learning a foreign language at home. C．A professor in language education of children. D．A young foreign woman taking care of children. 2．Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them _______ . A．to live in China some day B．to speak the language at home C．to catch up with other children D．to learn about the Chinese culture 3．What can we infer from the text? A．Learning Chinese is becoming popular in America. B．Educated women do better in looking after children. C．Chinese au pairs need to improve their English skills. D．Children can learn a foreign language well in six months.
B March 21 has been declared World Sleep Day, a time to recognize and celebrate the value of sleep. Many sleep experts hope it will be a wake-up call. According to a 2013 poll (民意调查）by the National Sleep Foundation, nearly 4 in 5 Americans don’t get as much sleep as they should during the workweek. On average, adults are thought to need at least eight hours of sleep a night, although some can manage with less and some won’t do well without more. But the survey found that, on workdays, only 21% of Americans actually get a full eight hours of sleep, and another 21% get less than six. To many of us, the thought of spending more time sleeping is, well, a big yawn. On the other hand, the thought of being smarter, thinner, healthier and more cheerful has a certain appeal. And those are just a few of the advantages that can be ours if we consistently get enough sleep, researchers say. Also on the plus side: We’re likely to have better skin, better memories, better judgment, and, oh, yes, longer lives. “When you lose even one hour of sleep for any reason, it influences your performance the next day,” says Dr. Alon Avidan, director of the UCLA Sleep Disorders Center. A study published last year found the same to be true even of children. When kids aged 8 to 12 slept for just one hour less for four nights, they didn’t function as well during the day. But sleeping has an image problem. “We see napping or sleeping as lazy,” says Jennifer Vriend, a clinical psychologist in Ottawa, Canada, and the leading author of the study with children. “We put so much emphasis on diet, nutrition and exercise. Sleep is in the back seat.” In fact, she adds, no matter how much we work out, no matter how well we eat, we can’t be in top physical shape unless we also get plenty of sleep. 4. The underlined part in Paragraph 1 means _____. A. to wake up the sleepers B. to serve as a morning call C. to draw people’s attention D. to declare the special day 5. Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 2? A. People can do well without enough sleep. B. Adults need at least eight hours’ sleep a day. C. Only one-forth of Americans have enough sleep. D. One-fifth of American adults sleep less than children. 6. From Paragraph 3 we can infer that _______. A. being healthier is one of the advantages for us B. sleeping has nothing to do with one’s expectations C. enough sleep is the guarantee of the appealing things D. spending more time on sleeping is a waste of time 7. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To arouse the awareness of enough sleeping. B. To talk about people’s sleeping problems.
C. To provide an investigation result of sleeping. D. To stress the function of sleeping at night. C There’s no doubt that our character has a profound effect on our future. What we must remember, however, is not merely how powerful character is in influencing our fate (命运), but how powerful we are in shaping our own character and, therefore, our own fate. Character may determine our fate, but character is not determined by fate. It’s a common mistake to think of character as something that is fully formed and fixed very early in life. It calls to mind old proverbs like “A leopard can’t change its spots” and “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.” This perspective that our character is “etched in stone” is supported by a great deal of modern psychology emphasizing self-acceptance. As Popeye says, “I am what I am.” The hidden message is: Don’t expect me to be more, better, or different. Ultimately, these views of humanity totally undervalue the lifelong potential for growth that comes with the power of reflection and choice. How depressing it would be to believe that we can’t choose to be better, more honest, more respectful, more responsible, and more caring. None of us should give up the personal seeking to improve our character. Not because we’re bad, we don’t have to be sick to get better， but because we’re not as good as we could be. There are so many things in life we can’t control, whether we’re beautiful or smart, whether we had good parents or bad, whether we grew up with affirmation or negation. It’s inspiring to remember that nothing but moral will power is needed to make us better. No, it isn’t easy. But if we make a great effort to become more aware of the habits of heart and mind that drive our behavior, we can begin to place new emphasis on our higher values so that we become what we want our children to think we are. 8. What is the best title of the passage? A. We shape our own character. B. Character determines our fate. C. Character is fully formed and fixed. D. We must meet what our children need. 9. The author agrees that _____________. A. a leopard can't change its spots B. in life we must attach importance to self-acceptance C. we shouldn’t expect us to be more different D. character is not fully formed and fixed very early 10. In the author’s opinion, which of the following is TRUE? A. We can’t choose to be better. B. We should seek to improve our character for we’re bad enough. C. We should value our lifelong potential for growth.
D. We should make choices constantly. 11. What can we infer from the passage? A. It is not difficult to improve ourselves. B. We must try our best to be as good as possible. C. Our children should copy our behavior. D. We should control as many things as possible in life. D The rise of mobile phones has been blamed for a number of social ills, but your smart phone may also be making you physically sick as well. Scientists have identified a condition called “cybersickness”, which they say is the digital version of motion sickness. The phenomenon, which affects up to 80 percent of the population who own smart phones or tablets, leads to feelings of sickness and unsteadiness. It is caused by seeing fast motion on a screen, which covers anything from a car chase in a film to scrolling through web pages on your phone. The more realistic the visual content appears to you, the higher your chances of getting cybersickness are . The condition was identified in a piece in the New York Times in which British and US experts said that it needed solving. Motion sickness leaves sufferers feeling ill because they feel movement in your muscles and your inner ear but do not see it. The mismatch in digital sickness is the opposite—you see movement on the screen but do not feel it. The effect is the same and the symptoms include a headache, wanting to throw up, confusion and the need to sit down. Often cybersickness shows itself in a subtle way and sufferers put it down to stress or eyestrain. Steven Rauch, a professor of otolaryngology （耳鼻喉科学） at Harvard Medical School, said: “Your sense of balance is different from other senses in that it has lots of inputs. When those inputs don’t agree, that’s when you feel dizziness and sickness. ” Some studies that have been carried out into cybersickness found that women are more susceptible than men, the New York Times reported. Those who have Type A’ personalities—meaning they are confident and determined—are more likely to suffer from cybersickness as well. Among those who have reported experiencing the condition have been video gamers who spend hours playing fast paced games. Engineers at Oculus VR, the virtual headset manufacturer, have admitted that digital motion sickness is one of their biggest problems. 12. From the text, we know that cybersickness ______. A. is completely equal to motion sickness B. affects up to 80% of the population. C. leads to people’s feelings of sickness and unsteadiness D. is caused by seeing fast moving objects around
13. What’s the difference between motion sickness and digital sickness? A. Digital sickness means sufferers see movement but do not feel it. B. Digital sickness means sufferers feel movement but do not see it. C. Motion sickness means sufferers see movement but do not feel it. D. Motion sickness means sufferers don’t see or feel movement 14. What does the underlined word “susceptible” in the last paragraph mean? A. likely to accept B. likely to be affected C. likely to suspect D. likely to be cured 15. This passage is most probably ____________. A. a science fiction B. a newspaper ad C. a book review D. a science news report 第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 l0 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 If you're looking for a challenging situation to practice your English, pick up the phone. Not being able to see the other person and the body language can make the chatting difficult. __16__ Here are some tips to guide you through an average phone conversation in English. 1．Greetings Every phone call should begin with a polite greeting such as “Hi, how've you been？” or “Nice to hear from you”. Even if you're calling a business contact for a specific purpose, it'd be rude to jump right into business. __17__ 2．Getting to the point There always comes the point where you want to move on from friendly chatting and get down to business. What should you do in this situation ？__18__ However, if you are waiting to find out why someone called you, you can guide the conversation by saying “So what can I do for you？” 3．Interrupting without offence Sometimes you may happen to be speaking with a very talkative person. __19__ Keep in mind when you'd like to interrupt, and be sure to do it politely. For example, begin with “I'd like to say something here”． 4．Closing the call This can be the trickiest part of the conversation! It may be the time to offer good wishes if it's appropriate. __20__ Sometimes it's easiest to just say you enjoyed speaking to the other person. Also remember cleverly saying the word well at the beginning of a sentence can indicate you're ready to end the conversation. A．Use the phrase “I'm just calling to...” to change to the topic at hand.
B．Additionally, you may want to confirm any plans you've made. C．You should make a little small talk at the beginning. D．You'd better greet him or her in a friendly way. E．So it may be difficult to get a word in. F．Practice English through phone calls. G．Never fear, though!
第三节：完形填空（共 20 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16～35 各题所给出的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选 出最佳选项。
My fiancé (未婚夫) and I were excited about shopping for our first home. But our funds were 21 , and none of the houses in our price range seemed satisfactory. One agent 22 a house in particular. Although her description sounded wonderful, the price was 23 our range, so we declined. But she kept urging us to have a look 24 . We finally did and it was 25 at first sight. It was Our Home, small and charming, overlooking a quiet lake. Walking through the rooms and talking with the owners, a nice elderly couple, we felt the warmth and 26 of the marriage within that home. As perfect as it was, the price remained too high for us. But every day, we would sit by the lake, looking at the house and dreaming of 27 it would be like to live there. Days later, we made a(n) 28 —far below the asking price. Surprisingly, they didn’t 29 us. They renewed their offer 30. It was also much more than we could afford, but far 31 than the original asking price. The next day, we got a 32 message that another buyer had offered a much higher price. Even so, we decided to talk with the 33 directly. We made our final offer, which 34 was thousands of dollars less than the other buyer’s bid. We knew it, 35 we had to try. “Sold!” said the owner. Then he 36 : He’d seen us sitting by the lake all those times; he knew how much we loved the place and that we’d 37 the years of work they had put into their home; he realized he would take a 38 by selling it to us, but it was worthwhile; we were the people they wanted to live there. He told us to consider the 39 in the price “an early wedding present.” That’s how we found our home and how I learned that when people are 40 they are not strangers, only friends we haven’t yet met.
21. A. needed 22. A. recommended 23. A. below 24. A. at least 25. A. relief 26. A. pride 27. A. which 28. A. effort 29. A. come across B. limited B. decorated B. within B. at most B. concern B. happiness B. why B. offer B. look after C. enough C. sold C. beyond C. at times C. love C. challenge C. that C. promise C. depend on D. large D. rented D. between D. at hand D. curiosity D. desire D. what D. profit D. laugh at
30. A. instead 31. A. worse 32. A. relaxing 33. A. agents 34. A. already 35. A. so 36. A. apologized 37. A. check 38. A. loss 39. A. increase 40. A. kind
B. indeed B. better B. disappointing B. buyers B. still B. or B. complained B. analyze B. risk B. difference B. polite
C. aside C. less C. pleasant C. managers C. generally C. for C. criticized C. appreciate C. chance C. interest C. smart
D. apart D. higher D. regular D. owners D. ever D. but D. explained D. ignore D. lead D. average D. energetic
第 II 卷（非选择题，共 50 分） 第一部分 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处用一个适当 的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 In recent years many TV shows have become extremely popular among Chinese audience. Those programs, ranging from talent or dating shows to reality shows 41 (receive) both commercial success and public attention. Their popularity is 42 (main) based on simple facts. First, they care 43 social concerns. Second, without exception, they explore a perfect balance between the international forms and Chinese expressions. Despite apparent highlights, much room 44 (leave) for improvement. Above all, commercial interests often outweigh 45 （ education ） purposes, causing many complaints about the 46 (bearable) advertisements. In addition, some sharp remarks, 47 they are eye-catching, may have misleading effects on the youth. In my opinion, such shows should shoulder more responsibility instead of merely 48 (entertain) the public. 49 is expected, these programs should be positive in their forms as well as functions. Meanwhile, the 50 (medium) should also safeguard the values of our society. 第二部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单 词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass. I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. On the
left-hand side of the class, I could easy see the football field. In the mornings, it was full of students exercising. The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid. Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them. Farther in the distance, I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains. On the right side of the class was the road. I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning. The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming. If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华， 你在上周日搭坐 102 号公交车，该公交车司机的不文明行为 让乘客很愤怒。于是你向公交车公司写一封投诉信。要点如下： 1. 司机的不文明行为(大声讲话、紧急刹车、态度粗鲁等)。 2. 希望尽快查清此事。 注意：1. 词数 100 左右。2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和 结束语已为你写好。 Dear Sir/Madam, ...
Sincerely yours Li Hua
参考答案 阅读理解 1-3DDA 4-7CBCA8-11 ADCB12—15CABD 16-20GCAEB 完形填空 21-25 BACAC 26-30 BDBDA 31-35 CBDBD 36-40 DCABA 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 41. have received 42. mainly 43. about 44. is left 45. educational 46. unbearable 47. though/although/while 48. entertaining 49. As 50. media 短文改错（10 分，每小题 1 分） 1.side →sides 2. from →of 3.sit →sitting 4. easy→easily 5. is→was 6. them→it 7.去掉 not 8. in 后加 a 9.felt→feel 10. If→Although/Though/While 书面表达 Dear Sir/Madam, I am Li Hua. I am writing to complain about one of your bus-drivers’improper and rude behaviors. Last Sunday, I was taking the No. 102 bus whose driver not only kept on talking with a man loudly but also drove very fast. So some passengers advised him to concentrate on driving, but he didn’t pay attention. What’s worse, he drove even faster. Then another passenger couldn’t bear it, asking the driver to keep the passengers’safety in mind. But the driver stopped the bus so suddenly that all the passengers nearly lost their balance. However, he didn’t apologize but said rudely ”It’s none of your business.” I sincerely hope you can investigate this incident and proper measures should be taken to prevent such an incident happening again. Sincerely yours Li Hua